FREE SITES: How to find royalty free music for your next video | Dan Slee
Favorite tweet:

Just blogged: How to find royalty free music for your new video: #comms #pr

— Dan Slee (@danslee) March 16, 2018
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
5 days ago
LONG READ: Why you should have corporate AND non-corporate accounts | Dan Slee
RT @GemmaPettmanPR: This is a useful look at how corporate and ‘frontline’ #socialmedia accounts work alongside one another. HT @danslee
socialmedia  librarycamp  via:danslee 
9 days ago
The Quest for a Universal Translator for Old, Obsolete Computer Files - Atlas Obscura
NOT SO VERY LONG AGO, web designers’ ambitions outstripped the infrastructure of the internet, so they had to resort to physical media to help carry their ideas. Dial-up modems were pokey, and the sluggish speed couldn’t handle large images or streaming video. “People did all sorts of projects that were too heavy for the live web,” says Tim Walsh, a digital archivist at the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA).

One workaround to make these projects possible was to separate a website from the web. “A simple solution was to simply burn all the the HTML, JavaScript, and other large files to a CD-ROM,” Walsh says....

Some are orphaned because they were made with software that’s now extinct. Others might have been left incompatible by years of updates. Still more may have been created using expensive, specialized, niche software—such as the programs used by special effects studios or video game designers—that’s simply not widely available. In these instances, the databases that the Centre consults might not even be able to identify the file format or the software it came from. ...

For years, many architects and other designers have used a 3-D modeling software called form·Z. The software, Walsh explains, was especially popular for rendering cutting-edge projects in the 1990s and 2000s. Each new release tends to only support files created within the last two versions, meaning that form·Z 8.5 Pro, the current version installed on CCA’s CAD workstations, can’t wrangle decades worth of files created in older versions. ...

To access these complicated files, or to launch some of the sites that lived on CD-ROMs (which may need a certain operating system, browser, or other requirements to open), a user might rig up an emulation environment. An emulator is a proxy: It recreates older hardware and software on a modern-day machine. On occasion, Walsh has made some himself.

When one CCA visitor wanted to take a look at a CD-ROM-based “multimedia website” produced in conjunction with a 1996 exhibition of work by the architect Benjamin Nicholson, Walsh needed to wind back the clock. He tracked down an old license for Windows NT and installed Netscape Navigator and an old version of Adobe Reader. This all enabled decades-old functionality on a two-year-old HP tower.

This strategy works, but it has drawbacks. “These environments are time-intensive to create, will only run on a local computer, and they typically require a lot of technical know-how to set up and use,” Walsh says. Ad hoc emulation is not for the novice or the busy....

RESEARCHERS AT YALE ARE WORKING to solve this problem by creating a kind of digital Rosetta Stone, a universal translator, through an emulation infrastructure that will live online. “A few clicks in your web browser will allow users to open files containing data that would otherwise be lost or corrupted,” said Cochrane, who is now the library’s digital preservation manager. “You’re removing the physical element of it,” says Seth Anderson, the library’s software preservation manager. “It’s a virtual computer running on a server, so it’s not tethered to a desktop.”

Instead of treating each case as a one-off, like digital triage, this team wants to create a virtual, historical computer lab that’s comprehensive and ready for anything. Do you have a CD-ROM that was once stuffed in a sleeve on the cover of a textbook? A snappy virtual machine running Windows 98 might be able to help you out. “We could create any environment that we needed,” Anderson says. The goal is to build an emulation library big enough that there’s a good fit for any potential case—with definitive, clear results. ...

To recreate environments, the team needs hard copies to work from. It’s a bit like an archaeological expedition, an excavation that produces a specimen collection that can be sorted and stored. Over the last few years, the library has been acquiring a collection of “legacy computers.” Researchers scour eBay for desktop PCs from the 1990s, neon-shelled iMacs, and other machines that have long since vanished from the market. They clean up the hard drives, leaving nothing but the original operating system. The next step is to create a disk image of hard drive, copying everything—its data, its processing systems, its quirks—to a virtual replica. “Once that’s set up, you can launch it in an emulated environment,” Anderson says....

The team interviewed 40 people—primarily folks working in archives, libraries, museums, and other cultural heritage institutions—for a preliminary report released last month. In those conversations, licenses emerged as “a big source of heartburn,” Butler says.
digital_preservation  archives  preservation  emulation  software  librarycamp  via:shannon_mattern 
9 days ago
The Role of Luck in Life Success Is Far Greater Than We Realized - Scientific American Blog Network
"What does it take to succeed? What are the secrets of the most successful people? Judging by the popularity of magazines such as Success, Forbes, Inc., and Entrepreneur, there is no shortage of interest in these questions. There is a deep underlying assumption, however, that we can learn from them because it's their personal characteristics--such as talent, skill, mental toughness, hard work, tenacity, optimism, growth mindset, and emotional intelligence-- that got them where they are today. This assumption doesn't only underlie success magazines, but also how we distribute resources in society, from work opportunities to fame to government grants to public policy decisions. We tend to give out resources to those who have a past history of success, and tend to ignore those who have been unsuccessful, assuming that the most successful are also the most competent.

But is this assumption correct? I have spent my entire career studying the psychological characteristics that predict achievement and creativity. While I have found that a certain number of traits-- including passion, perseverance, imagination, intellectual curiosity, and openness to experience-- do significantly explain differences in success, I am often intrigued by just how much of the variance is often left unexplained.

In recent years, a number of studies and books--including those by risk analyst Nassim Taleb, investment strategist Michael Mauboussin, and economist Richard Frank-- have suggested that luck and opportunity may play a far greater role than we ever realized, across a number of fields, including financial trading, business, sports, art, music, literature, and science. Their argument is not that luck is everything; of course talent matters. Instead, the data suggests that we miss out on a really importance piece of the success picture if we only focus on personal characteristics in attempting to understand the determinants of success.

Consider some recent findings:

• About half of the differences in income across people worldwide is explained by their country of residence and by the income distribution within that country,
• Scientific impact is randomly distributed, with high productivity alone having a limited effect on the likelihood of high-impact work in a scientific career,
The chance of becoming a CEO is influenced by your name or month of birth,
• The number of CEOs born in June and July is much smaller than the number of CEOs born in other months,
• Those with last names earlier in the alphabet are more likely to receive tenure at top departments,
• The display of middle initials increases positive evaluations of people's intellectual capacities and achievements,
• People with easy to pronounce names are judged more positively than those with difficult-to-pronounce names,
• Females with masculine sounding names are more successful in legal careers.

The importance of the hidden dimension of luck raises an intriguing question: Are the most successful people mostly just the luckiest people in our society? If this were even a little bit true, then this would have some significant implications for how we distribute limited resources, and for the potential for the rich and successful to actually benefit society (versus benefiting themselves by getting even more rich and successful).

In an attempt to shed light on this heavy issue, the Italian physicists Alessandro Pluchino and Andrea Raspisarda teamed up with the Italian economist Alessio Biondo to make the first ever attempt to quantify the role of luck and talent in successful careers. In their prior work, they warned against a "naive meritocracy", in which people actually fail to give honors and rewards to the most competent people because of their underestimation of the role of randomness among the determinants of success. To formally capture this phenomenon, they proposed a "toy mathematical model" that simulated the evolution of careers of a collective population over a worklife of 40 years (from age 20-60).

The Italian researchers stuck a large number of hypothetical individuals ("agents") with different degrees of "talent" into a square world and let their lives unfold over the course of their entire worklife. They defined talent as whatever set of personal characteristics allow a person to exploit lucky opportunities (I've argued elsewhere that this is a reasonable definition of talent). Talent can include traits such as intelligence, skill, motivation, determination, creative thinking, emotional intelligence, etc. The key is that more talented people are going to be more likely to get the most 'bang for their buck' out of a given opportunity (see here for support of this assumption).

All agents began the simulation with the same level of success (10 "units"). Every 6 months, individuals were exposed to a certain number of lucky events (in green) and a certain amount of unlucky events (in red). Whenever a person encountered an unlucky event, their success was reduced in half, and whenever a person encountered a lucky event, their success doubled proportional to their talent (to reflect the real-world interaction between talent and opportunity).

What did they find? Well, first they replicated the well known "Pareto Principle", which predicts that a small number of people will end up achieving the success of most of the population (Richard Koch refers to it as the "80/20 principle"). In the final outcome of the 40-year simulation, while talent was normally distributed, success was not. The 20 most successful individuals held 44% of the total amount of success, while almost half of the population remained under 10 units of success (which was the initial starting condition). This is consistent with real-world data, although there is some suggestion that in the real world, wealth success is even more unevenly distributed, with just eight men owning the same wealth as the poorest half of the world.


Although such an unequal distribution may seem unfair, it might be justifiable if it turned out that the most successful people were indeed the most talented/competent. So what did the simulation find? On the one hand, talent wasn't irrelevant to success. In general, those with greater talent had a higher probability of increasing their success by exploiting the possibilities offered by luck. Also, the most successful agents were mostly at least average in talent. So talent mattered.

However, talent was definitely not sufficient because the most talented individuals were rarely the most successful. In general, mediocre-but-lucky people were much more successful than more-talented-but-unlucky individuals. The most successful agents tended to be those who were only slightly above average in talent but with a lot of luck in their lives.

Consider the evolution of success for the most successful person and the least successful person in one of their simulations:


As you can see, the highly successful person in green had a series of very lucky events in their life, whereas the least successful person in red (who was even more talented than the other person) had an unbearable number of unlucky events in their life. As the authors note, "even a great talent becomes useless against the fury of misfortune."

Talent loss is obviously unfortunate, to both the individual and to society. So what can be done so that those most capable of capitalizing on their opportunities are given the opportunities they most need to thrive? Let's turn to that next."

"This last finding is intriguing because it is consistent with other research suggesting that in complex social and economic contexts where chance is likely to play a role, strategies that incorporate randomness can perform better than strategies based on the "naively meritocratic" approach."


The results of this elucidating simulation, which dovetail with a growing number of studies based on real-world data, strongly suggest that luck and opportunity play an underappreciated role in determining the final level of individual success. As the researchers point out, since rewards and resources are usually given to those who are already highly rewarded, this often causes a lack of opportunities for those who are most talented (i.e., have the greatest potential to actually benefit from the resources), and it doesn't take into account the important role of luck, which can emerge spontaneously throughout the creative process. The researchers argue that the following factors are all important in giving people more chances of success: a stimulating environment rich in opportunities, a good education, intensive training, and an efficient strategy for the distribution of funds and resources. They argue that at the macro-level of analysis, any policy that can influence these factors will result in greater collective progress and innovation for society (not to mention immense self-actualization of any particular individual)."
luck  meritocracy  2018  success  research  scottbarrykaufman  inequality  diversity  talent  serendipity  chance  society  misfortune  gender  race  via:robertogreco 
13 days ago
RT @ned_potter: First blogpost of 2018! Updated guide to all those amazing #cc0 image sites. Completely free to use, public domain images,…
cc0  via:claireb 
7 weeks ago
ThingsCamp 4 Tickets, Sat, 9 Dec 2017 at 09:00 | Eventbrite
Library people closer to London. @ThingsCamp is well worth going to. #ThingsCamp

— Claire Back (@calire) November 26, 2017
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
november 2017
Twitter / ?
FREE EBOOK - 250 #MakerED Resources For School and Library #Makerspaces. Great List of Helpful Sites -

— (@Makerspaces_com) November 13, 2017
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
november 2017
Web-based notebook that enables data-driven,
interactive data analytics and collaborative documents with SQL, Scala and more.
scala  analytics  sql  notebook  spark  database  bi  librarycamp  via:InkyHarmonics 
november 2017
Git-Lit by Git-Lit
Git-Lit - A project to parse, version control, and post to GitHub Digital Texts from the British Library  via:ostephens 
october 2017
Google is reading your docs and can freeze them if they don't like what you say...
october 2017
mapgubbins - Updated map of UK local government open data resources
RT @owenboswarva: Updated map of UK local government #opendata sites | a blog post about | #localgov #odcamp
localgov  opendata  odcamp  via:Markbraggins 
october 2017
Open Data Camp 5: the pitches | Open Data Camp UK
RT @adders: Here’s the #odcamp pitches, via @drawnalism
odcamp  librarycamp  via:Markbraggins 
october 2017
How Data Can Save Us From The Trumpocalypse | Fast Company
RT @sarahkendzior: Trump admin censors or blocks vital data on:
* Climate change
* Population
* Puerto Rico death toll
* Immigrants
librarycamp  via:Dymphie 
october 2017
An Open Data Day Out – Simon Whitehouse
An Open Data Day Out, or Are We Terrible At Promoting #opendata?

— Simon Whitehouse (@siwhitehouse) October 16, 2017
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
october 2017
Virtual Roundtable on “Compression” | Public Books
Writing has been invented independently as few as three times in the history of the world: in ancient Sumer, in ancient China, and in medieval Mesoamerica. Sumerian cuneiform was likely the inspiration for Egyptian hieroglyphs. Those, in turn, inspired the early Semitic script from which all European and several Asian scripts ultimately derive.... Of the six or seven thousand world languages, fewer than a third are written. Of that third, nearly a quarter are typically written in the Latin alphabet, one of only 50 global writing systems. The alphabet today, in its most common guise—namely, this one—is thus regularly used to transcribe some five hundred languages...

Can we attribute this easy mobility to the alphabet’s efficiency in compressing sounds into symbols? Rather than the 2000–3000 characters one must know to read a Chinese newspaper fluently or the 500–1000 signs used in Sumerian and Akkadian cuneiform, only 20–30 alphabetic characters are needed to record an increasing number of languages. Yet our alphabets’ history reveals just how slippery and complex “compression” is in relation to the messages that it allegedly compresses. ...

Consider the case of vowels. Just as they are absent from most Hebrew written today, marks of vowels were not usually necessary for transcribing ancient Semitic languages. Nor were they absolutely necessary for transcribing ancient Greek; Linear B encoded vowels along with consonants in its syllabary. When Greek speakers adapted characters from the West Semitic script to systematically represent vowels, they in fact expanded the inventory of types of sounds encoded in their writing.
writing  media_history  compression  transcription  via:shannon_mattern 
october 2017
Acquiring Design - Stephanie Koltun
How can the digital interface of a collection foster user discovery?

The infinite canvas of the web can comprehensively showcase entire archives. In an attempt to move beyond users simply searching through a collection, Acquiring Design presents objects in context with one another and reveals underlying relationships across time. Two modes - Object View and Aggregate View - enable different interpretations of the collection. However, "the other" and "the related" is continually present. The key is the juxtaposition - this versus that - which allows users to identify relationships.
archives  digitization  interfaces  via:shannon_mattern 
october 2017
Tishby and Shwartz-Ziv also made the intriguing discovery that deep learning proceeds in two phases: a short “fitting” phase, during which the network learns to label its training data, and a much longer “compression” phase, during which it becomes good at generalization, as measured by its performance at labeling new test data.

As a deep neural network tweaks its connections by stochastic gradient descent, at first the number of bits it stores about the input data stays roughly constant or increases slightly, as connections adjust to encode patterns in the input and the network gets good at fitting labels to it. Some experts have compared this phase to memorization.

Then learning switches to the compression phase. The network starts to shed information about the input data, keeping track of only the strongest features—those correlations that are most relevant to the output label. This happens because, in each iteration of stochastic gradient descent, more or less accidental correlations in the training data tell the network to do different things, dialing the strengths of its neural connections up and down in a random walk. This randomization is effectively the same as compressing the system’s representation of the input data.
brains  artificial_intelligence  machine_learning  epistemology  neural_nets  librarycamp  via:shannon_mattern 
october 2017
Speaking Ill of Hugh Hefner - The New York Times
You can find these questions being asked, but they are counterpoints and minor themes. That this should be the case, that only prudish Christians and spoilsport feminists are willing to say that the man was obviously wicked and destructive, is itself a reminder that the rot Hugh Hefner spread goes very, very deep.
HughHefner  profile  obituary  review  critique  pornography  NYTimes  2017  Playboy  via:inspiral 
october 2017
The Data Tinder Collects, Saves, and Uses - Schneier on Security
It's not Tinder. Surveillance is the business model of the Internet. Everyone does this.
Tinder  surveillance  privacy  data  review  Schneier  2017  via:inspiral 
october 2017
RT @librarieshacked: good to see this from Calderdale  via:claireb 
september 2017
RT @tonyedwardspz: Focus on only 3 things a day, block out your time, finish why you start. Great advice from @JuSummerhayes…  via:claireb 
september 2017
The New York Times
In 2007, the top-selling image for the search term “woman” in Getty Image’s library of stock photography was a naked woman lying on a bed, gazing at the camera with a towel draped over her bottom half.

In 2017, it’s a woman hiking a rocky trail in Banff National Park, alone on the edge of a cliff high above a turquoise lake. She’s wearing a down jacket and wool hat, and her face isn’t visible. ...

Stock photos — generic images that appear in places like ads, billboards, magazines and blogs — reflect the culture at a moment in time....

The change from women lounging naked (or perhaps laughing alone with salad) to women demonstrating physical or professional prowess was driven in part by the Lean In collection, which Getty developed in 2014 with Sheryl Sandberg’s nonprofit to seed media with more modern, diverse and empowering images of women. The collection, now with 14,000 photos, has the unofficial tagline, “You can’t be what you can’t see.”

The 15 most downloaded images from the Lean In collection so far this year, including those below, are four of fathers playing with children; four of girls and women involved in science and engineering; three of women being athletic; and four of women in business or school settings.
photography  classification  archives  stock_photography  via:shannon_mattern 
september 2017
How Libraries Can Turn Stories Into Maker Projects | MindShift | KQED News
Favorite tweet:

Turning stories into Maker Projects: a key role for libraries?

— darren smart (@darrentheviking) August 30, 2017
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
august 2017
4 Ways Libraries Can Leverage Data and Increase Patronage - Traf-Sys
Favorite tweet:

4 Ways Libraries Can Leverage Data and Increase Patronage

— Trafsys Inc. (@trafsys) August 26, 2017
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
august 2017
RT @librarieshacked: updated library #opendata from Calderdale  opendata  via:claireb 
august 2017
ON LIBRARIES: Branding Your Library – Hilda K. Weisburg
Favorite tweet:

Does your library have a brand? A great piece on library branding by @hildakw.

— SCIS (@scisdata) August 25, 2017
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
august 2017
Map of 100 UK Think Tanks - addresses, websites & Twitter profiles
RT @EddieACopeland: Where are the UK's think tanks based? Searchable map of 100 UK think tank locations: …
august 2017
William Trubridge freedives THE ARCH at Blue Hole, Dahab - YouTube
10 years ago, @WillTrubridge did it in #Dahab #Egypt, one breath
William Trubridge freedives THE ARCH at Blue Hole:
– Ahmed Sarhan (Sarhan_)  via:rabourn 
august 2017
Library Data Day
If you were to come to a Library Data Day, what would you want it to cover? @librarieshacked @Audesome

— Claire Back (@calire) July 29, 2017
IFTTT  Twitter  via:claireb 
july 2017
Library Data Day
RT @Audesome: With @librarieshacked @calire et al. we're organising a library data day. Tell us what you'd want to learn from it! https://t…  via:claireb 
july 2017
« earlier      
- 2013 2014 2016 2017 351 3d 3dprinting 500 590 644 658 668 alavc12 amazon and api apps architecture archives art askab audio bigdata bitcoin blockchain blog book books business code coding commons communication community content copyright creativecommons culture data dc16cl dctagged design development digilibraries digital digitalliteracy diy drm e-books ebook ebooks education facebook feedly for free fromdiigo future future_of_libraries galleycat games geekfeminism google googlereader hacking history howto html ideas ifttt ilibrarian images infrastructure innovation inspiration instapaper internet kindle language:en leadership learning libcampldn libcampuk11 libcampuk12 libcampuk13 librarian librarians librarianship libraries library librarycamp lifehacker literature makerspace makerspaces making management manchester maps marketing media media_architecture metadata mlibs mobile moocs museums music news nlpnil on online open openaccess opendata opensource p2p photography pinterest pocket pprgamp presentation privacy productivity programming public publiclibraries publishing read reading readwriteweb reference related research resources rss science search security selfpublishing shelffree social socialmedia socmed software startup startups suelportfolio surveillance teaching tech technology teleread: the tools topics tor tutorial twitter twitterfave uk unconference unread ux via:alanholding via:awhitis via:bernardr via:claireb via:danslee via:dsalo via:dymphie via:garygreen via:gentlemanhog via:gregmorton via:griffey via:inspiral via:jju via:joeyanne via:kevinog via:laurenpressley via:librarianbyday via:librarianjessica via:markbraggins via:mtub via:nightlight22 via:ostephens via:petej via:popular via:shannon_mattern via:stevieflow via:sujeilugo via:tonyyet video views web webdesign wikipedia work writing

Copy this bookmark: