HispanicPundit + lifeexpectancy   64

The Ezra Klein Show - Can Raj Chetty save the American dream? | Listen via Stitcher for Podcasts
The argument that culture is the cause of poverty and lack of mobility and what the government can do to mitigate it.
Poverty  culture  USA  Chetty  klein  podcasts  mobility  Lifeexpectancy  Blacks 
19 days ago by HispanicPundit
Understanding differences in life expectancy inequality - Marginal REVOLUTION
The life expectancy gap at age 40 between high income and low income individuals is substantial. I explore how medical expenditures and unhealthy behaviors account for the life expectancy gap. The data reveals the following. First, low income individuals tend to spend more on healthcare than high income individuals at all ages. Moreover, health disparities by income is salient due to differences in unhealthy behaviors such as heavy smoking. To answer how much dierences in access to medical services and unhealthy behaviors can explain in light of these stylized facts, I construct a life cycle model. The distinctive features of the model are that it flexibly incorporates unobserved, potentially correlated initial human and health capital stocks and embed unhealthy behaviors. Furthermore, the model includes two health systems: private health insurance and Medicare. The main findings are i) differences in access to medical care driven by income inequality potentially accounts for 12.5% of the life expectancy gap, ii) health insurance increases longevity for low income individuals, but modestly, iii) the health condition when young shapes the trend in average medical expenditures by income groups and iv) the impact of differences in unhealthy behaviors is predominant in understanding the life expectancy gap.
Lifeexpectancy  wealth  Inequality  NBER  Cowen 
december 2017 by HispanicPundit
Why do British Jews live 5 or 6 years longer? - The Unz Review
According to James Thompson at the Unz Review, a 115 IQ leads to an average lifespan of 5.5 years longer than a 100 IQ. Some of the longer lifespan is no doubt due to better decision making due to higher IQ, but some of the longer lifespan and higher IQ is due to fewer unfavorable mutations.
jews  IQ  Lifeexpectancy  Sailer 
september 2017 by HispanicPundit
The Myth of Americans' Poor Life Expectancy - Forbes
A few years back, Robert Ohsfeldt of Texas A&M and John Schneider of the University of Iowa asked the obvious question: what happens if you remove deaths from fatal injuries from the life expectancy tables? Among the 29 members of the OECD, the U.S. vaults from 19th place to…you guessed it…first. Japan, on the same adjustment, drops from first to ninth.
healthcare  Lifeexpectancy  medicare  forbes 
november 2013 by HispanicPundit
Do We Really Spend More and Get Less? | John Goodman's Health Policy Blog | NCPA.org
Here is the kicker: since each separate purchase involves an artificial price, no one knows what the aggregate number really means. To make matters worse, other countries are more aggressive than we are at shifting costs and hiding costs. They use their buying power to suppress the incomes of doctors, nurses and other medical personnel much more than the United States does, for example. In addition, formal accounting ignores the cost of rationing in other countries. In Greece, patients spend nearly as much on bribes and other “informal” payments as they do on “formal” costs such as insurance co-pays. Yet these bribes do not show up in the official statistics. Bottom line: in comparing international spending totals, we are usually comparing apples and oranges.
healthcare  costs  sicko  goodman  sidebar  Lifeexpectancy 
january 2012 by HispanicPundit
Raising The Medicare Eligibility Age - Megan McArdle - Business - The Atlantic
Raising the eligibility for Medicare is not exactly the most obvious solution for the program.  With Social Security, it makes some sense: Social Security benefits are the same no matter how old you are, and the longer people keep working, the more you collect from them in payroll taxes.  But with Medicare, people are much less expensive between the ages of 65-67; it's later that the costs start to escalate.  Sure, you'll save some money on doctor's visits, and of course some people will die before they enroll.  But overall, it's not much of a fix--particularly since many of those people will simply end up on subsidized insurance through the exchanges.
social-security  medicare  lifeexpectancy  retirement  mcardle  sidebar 
july 2011 by HispanicPundit
CONVERSABLE ECONOMIST: 2010 Years of economic output and population in one chart
Over the last 2010 years, 55% of total economic output happened in the 20th century, and an additional 23% of the total in just the first 10 years of the 21st century.

About 28% of the total years of human life lived in the last 2010 years happened during the 20th century, and about 6% of total years of human life lived in the last 2010 years happened in the first 10 years of the 21st century.
economic-growth  lifeexpectancy  history  graphs  economist  timtaylor  sidebar 
july 2011 by HispanicPundit
Live Free And Die - NYTimes.com
Krugman on sectors that have a declining life expectancy.
lifeexpectancy  states  drum  krugman  sidebar 
june 2011 by HispanicPundit
Can We Afford a Middle-Age Retirement System? | John Goodman's Health Policy Blog | NCPA.org
A single person retiring at the earliest retirement age (65) in 1940 was likely to receive close to 14 years of benefits. By 1975, this person could retire at 62 and would likely receive benefits for 19 years, and today that number has risen to almost 22 years. When it comes to couples retiring at the earliest retirement age, by 2030, at least one partner is expected to receive benefits for nearly 30 years.
social-security  lifeexpectancy  AmericanProspect  goodman  sidebar 
march 2011 by HispanicPundit
Is Global Warming Harmful to Your Health? | John Goodman's Health Policy Blog | NCPA.org
This study shows that climate change would probably reduce mortality in the United States by about 40,000 per year, assuming a 4.5° warmer climate – the IPCC best estimate of temperature change with a doubling of carbon dioxide. Benefits would extend to lower medical costs nationwide. Measuring willingness to pay by wage rates shows that people prefer warm climates and would be willing to give up between $30 billion and $100 billion annually for a 4.5° increase in temperatures.
globalwarming  lifeexpectancy  mortalityrates  goodman  sidebar 
march 2011 by HispanicPundit
Is More Health Insurance the Answer? | John Goodman's Health Policy Blog | NCPA.org
A mere 10% of all premature deaths in the US can be attributed to being unable to access medical care. The other 90% is split nearly evenly between behavioral, social-environmental and genetic factors, of which 60%, the non-genetic drivers, can be modified. Yet instead of investing the bulk of our resources in this big bucket of behavioral-environmental-social modification, we put 97% of all healthcare dollars towards medical interventions. This investment can at best produce marginal improvements in premature deaths, since the biggest causes of the effect in question are being all but ignored.
ObamaCare  lifeexpectancy  goodman  sidebar 
february 2011 by HispanicPundit
Marginal Revolution: Government is raising the value of a life
The article is here. If the goal is to give current people what they want, arguably this makes sense and perhaps it does not go far enough. Death is...BAD. If the goal is to maximize real gdp per capita, or most other macroeconomic indicators, it makes sense to value human life at replacement cost (and here) and this policy change does not make sense. I'm not arguing for either standard and indeed I think they both lead to absurdities. Instead the point is this: theoretical ordinal welfare economics and applied welfare economics, as represented by wealth measures, do not coincide as much as many economists like to think. This gap becomes increasingly important as health care and safety provision increase, relative to the size of the economy as a whole.
government  lifeexpectancy  human-rights  cowen  sidebar 
february 2011 by HispanicPundit
Stop Calling it the Retirement Age, Arnold Kling | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty
"Klein's thinking is that people do not want to work longer, so raising the Social Security "retirement age" is a bad idea. His conclusion does not follow from his premise. To avoid this sort of error, we need to stop using the term "retirement age" to refer to the age at which one becomes eligible for government benefits.

Instead, think of it as the age of government dependency. If Klein does not think we should increase that along with longevity, then he is arguing that as lives get longer and longer, taxes on working-age citizens should get higher and higher.

Keeping the age of eligibility low may not necessarily help people to retire sooner. It may have the opposite effect. By keeping taxes high, it may reduce employment and wages for people of working age, thus making it harder for them to retire when they would like."
social-security  klein  kling  lifeexpectancy  sidebar 
september 2010 by HispanicPundit
Lasting Inequality - Freakonomics Blog - NYTimes.com
"A new paper by Colgate economist Michael R. Haines uses infant and childhood mortality rates to trace inequality in the U.S. in the 20th century. Haines reaches an interesting conclusion: “The evidence shows that, although there have been large absolute reductions in the level of infant and child mortality rates and also a reduction in the absolute levels of differences across socioeconomic groups, relative inequality has not diminished over the 20th century.”"
inequality  lifeexpectancy  mortalityrates  freakonomics  sidebar 
july 2010 by HispanicPundit
Ezra Klein - More on raising the retirement age
"If the argument is that life expectancy is rocketing upwards, and that retirement shouldn't grow along with it, it's important to point out that the increases in life expectancy aren't being shared equally:"
social-security  lifeexpectancy  klein  sidebar 
july 2010 by HispanicPundit
Inequality as a social cancer « Consider the Evidence
"I share Wilkinson and Pickett’s conviction that it would be good for America and some other affluent nations to reduce income inequality, but this book hasn’t convinced me that doing so would help us to make much headway in improving health, safety, education, and trust. To achieve those gains, my sense is that our best course of action is greater commitment to specialized programs and services, coupled with poverty reduction."
inequality  lifeexpectancy  sidebar 
july 2010 by HispanicPundit
Super-Economy: Mormons in America live longer than people in Sweden
"What fewer people know is that within the U.S, Mormons live far longer than non-Mormons. In Utah, LDS members live 6.5 years longer than non-members. This is a massive difference, indicating that life style, rather than health care system, is dominating the effect. "
Religion  christians  sweden  lifeexpectancy  SuperEconomy  sidebar 
june 2010 by HispanicPundit
Wealthy and Healthy
"Gapminder has made available a lovely map/chart illustrating the relationship between GDP per capita and life expectancy. It shows that one thing economic growth is good for is keeping people alive longer."
gdp  lifeexpectancy  china  india  usa  wilkinson  sidebar 
june 2010 by HispanicPundit
The Health Care Costs of Being Healthy | Capital Gains and Games
"Our main finding is that although the current health care costs of healthy retirees are lower than those of the unhealthy, the healthy actually face higher total health care costs over their remaining lifetime. To illustrate, the expected present value of lifetime health care costs for a couple turning 65 in 2009 in which one or both spouses suffer from a chronic disease is $220,000, including insurance premiums and the cost of nursing home care, and 5 percent can expect to spend more than $465,000. The comparable numbers for couples free of chronic disease are substantially higher, at $260,000 and $570,000, respectively. This brief explains this somewhat counterintuitive finding."
healthcare  costs  lifeexpectancy  samwick  sidebar 
may 2010 by HispanicPundit
Firming Up the Argument - Business - The Atlantic
"It's after 60 that you'd expect to be getting the largest mortality benefit from expanding insurance coverage. If switching people to government-run insurance at the age of 65 doesn't produce any measurable improvements in the mortality rate of a population with a high mortality rate that are large enough to show up in aggregate death statistics, then how big an effect could a national health care system for younger people have on mortality outcomes? Would it even register in the mortality statistics? Is this the right use of $163 billion? I mean, we can say that a policy is a success if it saves even one life, but it is not actually possible to run a country this way."
ObamaCare  lifeexpectancy  medicare  mcardle  sidebar 
may 2010 by HispanicPundit
Medical Spending: Good For The Insured, Not For The Uninsured? | The New Republic
"One of the functions of health care reform is to shift around the resources a bit to maximize the total utility -- less health care spending where it does little good, more where it can do a lot of good. So McArdle has to argue that the (largely theoretical) dangers of slowing medical innovation for people who currently have insurance are vast, but the benefits of providing basic coverage to people who lack it are small or possibly nonexistent. Each of those arguments requires a strained reading of the evidence, but taken together, they're nonsense".
ObamaCare  pharmaceuticals  lifeexpectancy  mcardle  klein  chait  sidebar 
may 2010 by HispanicPundit
Prediction is Hard, Especially About the Future - Business - The Atlantic
"Given the magnitude of the claims about the uninsured, however, I don't think we need to wait for 2030, or peer review. If you believe that 45,000 people in this country die from lack of insurance every year--a figure that Ezra, among many, many other commentators, has treated seriously--then conservatively, by 2030, we should have something like 30,000 fewer lives lost every year in the 18-64 age group. "
ObamaCare  lifeexpectancy  klein  mcardle  sidebar 
april 2010 by HispanicPundit
Daylight's Mark - Healthcare
A doctor gives a fair view of the healthcare problem.
healthcare  costs  mortalityrates  lifeexpectancy  europe  sidebar 
march 2010 by HispanicPundit
Super-Economy: Does the lack of economic freedom kill you?
The nonexistent connection between inequality across countries and life expectancy and the substantial connection between economic freedom and life expectancy.
inequality  capitalism  world  lifeexpectancy  SuperEconomy  sidebar 
march 2010 by HispanicPundit
Marginal Revolution: Sweden, Medicare, and what really matters
"First, regarding the life expectancy at birth we can note that 50 years of different health policy, labor mark policy, welfare state coverage seems to have had zero effect on total outcome".
medicare  welfare  lifeexpectancy  SuperEconomy  cowen  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
Super-Economy: Breaking: Wilkinson admits there is no statistically significant relationship between life expectancy and inequality!
"What you will notice in his two graphs is that Life expectancy never had a statistically significant relationship to Gini! This is even if you use his 21 cherry picked countries, and even if you use the UN HDI index instead of the OECD."
inequality  lifeexpectancy  wilkinson  SuperEconomy  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
Insuring the Uninsured and the Distribution of Mortality
"The people most likely to be saved are older, unhealthy people who are now uninsured because they cannot afford insurance. These people would get treatment they need but can’t afford. The people most likely to be killed are people who can now afford but do not want insurance because they are young, healthy and are able to self-insure (or are in a position to be insured by their relatively family). If compelled to buy a health plan, these people would tend to consume more medical care than they would otherwise, exposing them to the very real risks of unnecessary treatment."
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  uninsured  mcardle  wilkinson  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
Average vs. Marginal Effects of Health Insurance | Cato @ Liberty
"I don’t know anyone who thinks health insurance has zero effect on mortality overall. Yet it is entirely possible for the average effect to be positive and the marginal effect to be zero. One reason may be that the uninsured do benefit from the human and physical capital that health insurance makes possible. It may also be the case that when the uninsured do obtain health insurance, the additional medical care they receive is more likely to harm them than to help them. The researchers behind the RAND Health Insurance Experiment make essentially the same point."
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  mcardle  klein  cato  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
Marginal Revolution: Health insurance and mortality follow-up
"If you did a simple cost-benefit comparison, the Obama plan vs. a simple extension of Medicaid, more R&D through the NIH, and some targeted public health expenditures, I believe the latter would win hands down. And the latter seems more politically feasible too. It avoids the mandate, the unworkable and ridiculously low penalties for those who don't sign up for insurance, and the awkwardly high implicit marginal tax rates imposed by the subsidy scheme. It probably involves fewer corporate and "back room" deals".
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  ObamaCare  mcardle  klein  cowen  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
Ezra Klein - Will health-care insurance save your life?
Klein responds to the question: the affect of healthcare on mortality.
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  mcardle  klein  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
What Do "Rightwingers" Really Think? - Megan McArdle
"But the core question for me is not whether there's any effect--I'm willing to consider the possibility there isn't, but I tend to assume there is. The question is, how big? Because if it exists, but it's too small to measure, it might not be the issue our government should be most focused on. Particularly when you consider that there are costs, as well as benefits, to a national health care system".
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  uninsured  ObamaCare  yglesias  mcardle  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
More on Medicare Mortality - Megan McArdle
"Taken together, these three studies of Medicare paint a surprisingly consistent picture: Medicare increases consumption of medical care and may modestly improve self reported health, but has no effect on mortality, at least in the short run. "
healthcare  uninsured  medicare  lifeexpectancy  card  mcardle  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
Super-Economy: Tyler Cowen was right and Paul Krugman was wrong about life expectancy.
"Second the pattern of large differences at birth but small differences at 65 existed well before the introduction of Medicare in the U.S, refuting Yglesias and Krugmans automatic attribution of differences in outcomes to the differences to policy."
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  uninsured  denmark  netherlands  europe  usa  medicare  cowen  krugman  yglesias  SuperEconomy  sidebar 
february 2010 by HispanicPundit
Matters of Life and Death - Ross Douthat Blog - NYTimes.com
On whether the healthcare bill before congress is a "matter of life and death", and whether saying so is good politics.
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  ObamaCare  klein  yglesias  douthat  sidebar 
december 2009 by HispanicPundit
Life Extension and the Budget, Arnold Kling | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty
"Social Security benefits have to be indexed to longevity. That is, the age of eligibility should rise about 3 months per year, which is the average rate of increase in longevity. It needs to be increased faster if we get better at extending life."
social-security  medicare  lifeexpectancy  kling  sidebar 
december 2009 by HispanicPundit
Greg Mankiw's Blog: Obesity and Healthcare Costs
Just obesity differences alone could explain the differences in life expectancy rates.
lifeexpectancy  healthcare  europe  canada  mankiw  sidebar 
september 2009 by HispanicPundit
CARPE DIEM: US vs. Europe: Life Expectancy and Cancer Survival
"shows both: a) unadjusted life expectancies for the U.S. and other OECD countries, and b) standardized life expectancies which are adjusted for the effects of premature death resulting from non-health-related fatal injuries. For unadjusted life expectancy, the U.S. ranks #14 out of 16 countries, but for the adjusted standardized life expectancy the U.S. ranks #1. "
healthcare  sicko  lifeexpectancy  europe  usa  perry  sidebar 
august 2009 by HispanicPundit
Marginal Revolution: A new paper on life expectancy
"We show that the US has had significantly faster declines in mortality from these two diseases than comparison countries. We conclude that the low longevity ranking of the United States is not likely to be a result of a poorly functioning health care system. "
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  cowen  sidebar 
august 2009 by HispanicPundit
Marginal Revolution: Interpreting life expectancy statistics and other health care issues
"Medicare for everyone" doesn't simply replicate current Medicare outcomes across a broader swathe of the population. Medicare works as well as it does, in part, because not everyone is on Medicare or something comparable. The U.S. split system makes Medicare, at the same time, both more effective in terms of outcomes and more costly in dollar price terms.
healthcare  medicare  lifeexpectancy  costs  single-pay  obamaAdministration  ObamaFailures  cowen  sidebar 
august 2009 by HispanicPundit
IBDeditorials.com: Editorials, Political Cartoons, and Polls from Investor's Business Daily -- Canada's Single-Prayer Health Care
"A critically ill premature baby is moved to a U.S hospital to get the treatment she couldn't get in the system we're told we should emulate. Cost-effective care? In Canada, as elsewhere, you get what you pay for."
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  mortalityrates  sicko  canada  sidebar 
july 2009 by HispanicPundit
Greg Mankiw's Blog: International Health Comparisons
"The next time you hear someone cavalierly point to international comparisons in life expectancy as evidence against the U.S. healthcare system, you should be ready to explain how schlocky that argument really is."
healthcare  lifeexpectancy  statistics  world  europe  Becker  mankiw  sidebar 
june 2009 by HispanicPundit
EconLog, Government Dependency, Arnold Kling: Library of Economics and Liberty
"I cannot think of any policy change that I have advocated for longer or more often than that of raising the age of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare. Keeping the age of government dependency at 65 is the most insidious and quantitatively important reason for government expansion and the pending rise in tax rates."
social-security  medicare  lifeexpectancy  Kling  sidebar 
august 2008 by HispanicPundit
CARPE DIEM: Life Expectancy at RECORD HIGH 78.1 Years
"Record high life expectancy was recorded for both white males and black males (76 years and 70 years respectively) as well as for white females and black females (81 years and 76.9 years)."
lifeexpectancy  Blacks  perry  sidebar 
june 2008 by HispanicPundit
Growing Disparities in Life Expectancy | Capital Gains and Games
"The Congressional Budget Office is to be commended for calling attention to a disturbing trend in life expectancy disparities between the rich and the poor that could have strong budgetary effects for Social Security and Medicare."
cbo  lifeexpectancy  sidebar 
april 2008 by HispanicPundit
Greg Mankiw's Blog: Life Expectancy as a Gauge of Healthcare
"When you adjust for these "fatal injury" rates, U.S. life expectancy is actually higher than in nearly every other industrialized nation."
lifeexpectancy  healthcare  mankiw  sidebar 
august 2007 by HispanicPundit
Heritage Policy Blog - Economic freedom and life expectancy
"As you might expect, those in freer economies like the United States and Britain enjoy longer life expectancies, while those in more economically repressive countries like Belarus have shorter lifespans. The correlation isn't perfect, but it nicely demon
capitalism  lifeexpectancy 
december 2005 by HispanicPundit

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