HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS + 1951   13

"You Know How Fast Money Goes These Days” - JPG
In September 1951, the United States Senate prepared an investigation into Chiang Kai-shek’s use of bribery to maintain congressional backing for his government in Taiwan. Herblock compares the Nationalist Chinese lobbying for economic aid with the reality that they had excellent resources to support their government. He depicts Chinese capitalists bloated with the dollars they had received from the United States.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"I Hear We Might Volunteer to Go Home” - JPG
On July 10, 1951, the United Nations opened peace talks with North Korean and Chinese representatives in Kaesong, North Korea. Ironically, the war did not stop for the negotiations—it entered a bloody phase that had devastating effects on communist troops. Herblock shows two Chinese soldiers, weary, cold, and poor, wondering at the news. Herblock’s caption takes a jab at the Chinese government’s fiction that “volunteers” filled the ranks of its army.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
Thinker - JPG
Chinese men, impoverished by World War II and the civil war that engulfed China in its aftermath, found themselves “volunteering” to participate in the Korean War. There, they became entrenched in a war that neither the East nor West could win. Seeing the stalemate, Stalin began advocating an end to the war. Here, Herblock depicts a man in tattered clothing balancing the knowledge of the Chinese casualties of war with the Soviet propaganda encouraging negotiations for peace.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
Full-scale War with China - JPG
General Douglas MacArthur, having been recalled from Korea by President Harry Truman, testified before the Senate on May 3, 1951, on his intention to involve China in a full-scale war. When asked if bombing China would start another world war, he deflected the question, saying that it was not in his area of expertise. Herblock uses the metaphor of a swamp to describe the mire in which Americans would find themselves if they went to war against China.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
Formosa! Formosa! Formosa! - JPG
As Iran and India formed governments independent of colonial rule, the United States feared that nationalized industries equaled communism. Herblock depicts Uncle Sam focusing on Formosa, now called Taiwan, and the nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek who had fled there. At the same time, he portrays Soviet leader Joseph Stalin eagerly reaping benefits from Iran and India. Herblock felt that aid to Chiang Kai-shek prevented the United States from protecting other global interests.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"I Don't Think You Quite Got the Idea, Senator” - JPG
As United Nations forces fought the Chinese for possession of Seoul, President Harry S. Truman (1884–1972) recalled General Douglas MacArthur to the United States. Fear of communism led many conservative senators, including Harry P. McCain (1906–1979) of Washington state to support MacArthur’s call for war against China. Herblock depicts a divided Republican Party by using the Republican elephant to repudiate Cain’s snarling Asian tiger, his symbol for war against China.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"Always Glad to Loan My Neighbor a Shovel" - JPG
The Soviet Union supplied the Chinese People’s Liberation Army with weapons during the Korean War but did not send ground troops. Chinese soldiers occupied Seoul because the large army willingly pursued the United Nations troops southward despite the high rate of Chinese casualties. Herblock depicts Soviet leader Joseph Stalin looking over Mao Zedong’s shoulder as the Chinese leader shovels his soldiers into a cannon, an assessment of their Korean War roles.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"I’ll Make the Down Payment For You” - JPG
As the South Korean city of Seoul changed hands for the third time in six months, General Douglas MacArthur (1880–1964) advocated using nuclear weapons against China. Herblock uses the common visual metaphor of the Chinese dragon, a formidable foe from which Uncle Sam shrinks as Chiang Kai-shek eagerly pulls him forward. He depicts Soviet leader Joseph Stalin (1878–1953) with a bemused look, perhaps eager to watch the United States attempt to fight communism throughout the world.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"Tell You What—If I Stand On Your Shoulders—" - JPG
In 1949 China plunged into civil war, as the communist forces of Mao Zedong (1893–1976) faced the nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-shek (1887–1975). Chiang Kai-shek lost and fled to the island of Formosa, now known as Taiwan, where he demanded international aid. Herblock depicts Uncle Sam gingerly testing the murky swamp, symbolic of the proposed United States entry into the war. He accuses the Chinese leader of letting the United States do all the dirty work.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"I Can’t Stand to See You Suffer Like This” - JPG
Conservative Republican senator Robert A. Taft (1889–1953) of Ohio felt that President Harry Truman’s foreign policy during the Korean War had failed and accepted General Douglas MacArthur’s argument that war with China was necessary. Here, Herblock accuses Taft of pushing an already wounded Uncle Sam into an abyss, his metaphor for war with China. Herblock truly feared that another world war would erupt if China were bombed.
1951 
july 2011 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"Say, what ever happened to 'freedom-from-fear'?" - JPG
As Senator Joseph McCarthy's campaign against State Department and Justice Department officials continued, President Harry Truman spoke against "scaremongers and hatemongers" who "are trying to create fear and suspicion among us by the use of slander, unproved accusations, and just plain lies."
1951 
september 2010 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"We've been using more of a roundish one" - JPG
President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of his Far Eastern command for publicly undercutting the president's Korean War policies, and the general returned to Washington, where he and Defense Secretary George Marshall provided conflicting testimonies to congressional committees. MacArthur continued to propose more aggressive tactics against communist China. Marshall argued that MacArthur's tactics would draw the United States into a third world war.
1951 
september 2010 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS
"Mink is for peasants" - JPG
Herb Block used the mink coat, a familiar symbol of unethical conduct in public office, as a point of departure for a scathing denunciation of congressmen in collusion with big business. The title, voiced by his smug, crowned figures in ermine-trimmed robes decorated with dollar signs, makes the point that corruption has reached a grandiose scale previously unseen. Block highlighted his objections to the tidelands quitclaim bills, whereby Congress could vote to claim submerged oil lands off the coastlines of three states, and the continuation of tax loopholes for special interests including the oil and utilities industries.
1951 
september 2010 by HERBLOCK_POLITICAL_CARTOONS

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