vocalization   36

Speed Reading Tips: 5 Ways to Minimize Subvocalization | Iris Reading
Subvocalization (also known as auditory reassurance) is a very common habit among readers. It involves saying words in your head while reading and it’s one of
speed  reader  sub  vocalization  reduction 
july 2018 by matteo.orefice
Auction chant - Wikipedia
"The chant consists of at least the current price and the asking price to outbid. Auctioneers typically develop their own style..."
auction  vocalization  audio 
july 2018 by jwh
A Conversation With Whales - The New York Times
Next, the researchers will create artificial clicks containing three-dimensional sonographic images of things in our world — a tree, a human — and send these as well, prompting, perhaps, a kind of dialogue.
whales  sound  clicks  communication  sound  shape  audio  signal  vocalization  3D 
november 2016 by pagecarr
Clever Test Shows Meerkat Voices Are Personal
By using audio trickery to present meerkats with a puzzling situation, biologists have demonstrated that the adorable African critters recognize each other by voice.

The findings are based on tests in which calls from the same individual were played near-simultaneously in two different locations. The implications go beyond meerkats.

Humans and many primates clearly recognize individual voices, a capacity considered fundamental for rich social lives. Some mammals, such as dolphins, have demonstrated the ability in captive settings. But while recognizing voices seems obvious — how else could Meerkat Manor make sense? — it’s been surprisingly difficult to design quantitative studies for truly wild animals other than primates, leaving an important aspect of animal social life in empirical shadow.

“Understanding how animals experience the individuals within their social worlds is key to deciphering the evolution of social and communicative capacities,” write researchers led by University of Zurich ethologist Simon Townsend in their new meerkat study, published Oct. 11 in Biology Letters.

Hear one of Townsend's recordings of a single meerkat foraging call:

Of course, many animals clearly recognize individuals by scent and sight. But those abilities are considered less cognitively-demanding than vocalizations, which can be highly complex and imply mental representations of other individuals. The late, great ethologist Donald Griffin called vocalizations a window into animal minds.

For primates, the best-studied vocalizers, social relationships are often so complex and self-evident that it’s possible to play recordings of individual voices, then see how animals respond. A chimp will, for example, react differently to the voice of each different member of his group.

As for other mammals, experiments in natural settings have tended to involve tests of whether individuals respond to their kin, as with leopard seals recognizing their pups’ cries, or to general social categories.

In one unpublished study, meerkats responded differently to the voices of a group’s dominant female, but it wasn’t clear whether they recognized the individual or simply some categorical sign of dominance.

But Townsend’s team came up with a deceptively simple test that posed a physically impossible scenario to any meerkat capable of recognizing individual voices.

Using hidden speakers, they played recorded calls from one individual on one side of a target meerkat, and then from the other. The situation was similar to hearing a friend shout from the kitchen, then from the second-floor bathroom just a second later.

The meerkats reacted with a prolonged vigilance, paying much closer attention than they did to other recorded calls. The situation didn’t compute.

According to Townsend, the methodology could be applied to other animals that haven’t yet been studied, producing an animal kingdom-wide picture of individual voice recognition. That picture could help show what makes humans special — or, conversely, what seemingly special abilities are actually widespread.

“You see this ability in primates, which you’d expect,” said Townsend. “But the fact that we can show this in non-primate social mammals suggests the skill is omnipresent. It suggests that humans aren’t so unique.”

Images: 1) Stephen Le Quesne/KMP 2) Beke Graw/KMP

Citation: A simple test of vocal individual recognition in wild meerkats.” By Simon W. Townsend, Colin Allen and Marta B. Manser. Biology Letters, Oct. 11, 2011.”

See Also:

Sperm Whale Voices Are Personal
Monkeys Don’t Go For Music — Unless It’s Made for Them
Humans and Chimpanzees Share Roots of Language
Human Laughter Echoes Chimp Chuckles
Rudiments of Language Discovered in Monkeys
Meerkats Don’t Spoil Their Mind-Numbingly Cute Babies
Animals  Brains_and_Behavior  communication  Meerkats  vocalization  from google
october 2011 by spavis
IPA - The International Phonetic Alphabet (revised to 1993)
Includes vowel charts and MP3 files to describe the sound of various phonemes in spoken human languages.
linguistics  vocalization  vowel  consonant  language  speech  audio 
may 2009 by Tonti
go west
vocalization of phrase "go west"
audio  vocalization  phrase  command  tag  go.west  filetype:mp3  media:audio 
april 2006 by jwh
go east
vocalization of phrase "go east"
audio  command  tag  vocalization  phrase  go.east  filetype:mp3  media:audio 
april 2006 by jwh
go north
vocalization of phrase "go north"
audio  tag  command  phrase  vocalization  go.north  filetype:mp3  media:audio 
april 2006 by jwh
go south
vocalization of phrase "go south"
phrase  vocalization  audio  tag  command  go.south  filetype:mp3  media:audio 
april 2006 by jwh

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