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War and Reintegration – Yonatan Zunger – Medium
>The textbook success story is the de-Nazification of Germany after WWII. Only a very small fraction of the people who participated in actual killings were ever brought to trial; most people simply went on with their lives, living in the extremely uncomfortable world where you never knew which of the people you dealt with on a daily basis had a horrific past. But despite this, German society not only did not disintegrate, it thrived, rapidly turning into a pillar of the “community of nations.” >There are too many failures for there to be a textbook example.
>Essentially, people need the opportunity to exit the life they were living during the previous violence. If this opportunity is unavailable, they can fall back on what they know.
>The military has been encouraged to develop strong discipline, both to maximize its effectiveness as a fighting force, and to maximize its ability to integrate into society; police departments have been encouraged to develop extreme autonomy among individual officers, especially in their use of violence, in order to maximize people’s obedience.
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4 days ago by ReadingGeorgeFox
How Deinterlining Can Improve New York City Transit | Pedestrian Observations
>The reason complex branching reduces capacity is that, as delays propagate, the schedule needs to incorporate a greater margin of error to recover from unexpected incidents. It also slows down the trains, since the trains are frequently held at merge points. The general rule is that anything that increases precision increases capacity (such as automation and moving block signaling) and anything that reduces precision reduces capacity; reverse branching reduces timetable precision, because each train can be delayed by incidents on more than one line, making delays more common.
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4 days ago by ReadingGeorgeFox
The airline industry is sticking with its old flight simulators
>For now, I use a modified version of the Turing test called the “Oh shit” test. When something out of the ordinary happens in a low-fidelity sim, pilots usually laugh. When it happens in a Level D simulator, pilots invariably yell “Oh shit!
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4 days ago by ReadingGeorgeFox
field negro: When morals go missing.
>But I register no such pain. I’m from the Toni Morrison school of morality on the subject of race. As she once told Charlie Rose: 'I always knew that I had the high ground, all my life. I always thought those people who said I couldn’t come in the drugstore, and I had to sit in this funny place, and I couldn’t go in the park — —”
>Rose interjects: 'You felt morally superior to them from Day 1.'
>Morrison continued: 'I did. And I thought they knew that I knew that they were inferior to me, morally. I always thought that, and my parents always thought that.'
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6 days ago by ReadingGeorgeFox

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