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Where do Conservatives and Liberals come from - liberal
First, the Creed talks about what philosophers back then called “the state of nature.” The state of nature is the condition man would find himself in if there were no government. Critics sometimes mistake this to mean some ancient time when we all wore fig leaves and ate only what we could find on the ground or club over the head. They misunderstand the term “state of nature” to mean a time before government ever existed anywhere on earth. That’s not correct.
The state of nature can occur anywhere and anytime, wherever and whenever there is no effective government to enforce law and order. Think “Lord of the Flies.” But it doesn’t have to be on a desert island, either. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke observed that all princes existed in a state of nature relative to each other, because there was no government over them.
The Creed says that in the state of nature we are all equal and have certain rights. These rights come from our Creator and are inherent. They aren’t granted to us by any government. These rights are also “unalienable,” meaning they cannot be taken away. Neither can we surrender them ourselves. Unalienable rights are as much a part of us as our own skins.
ideology  Political  political_theory  Pol.11  Pol.12 
22 hours ago by Jibarosoy
Donald Trump Is Weak and Afraid—The Mueller Report Proves It | Time
The Mueller report stands as a monument to reality. It plainly and clearly makes the case that Donald Trump is not the man his supporters think he is. He’s not bold. He’s afraid. They attributed to him a primitive form of loyalty, where he was good to people who were good to him. Instead, he’d harm his own son to win a single news cycle. His foolish hiring decisions have come back to haunt him time and again.

President Trump is weak — too weak even to commit the acts of obstruction he desired. As the Mueller report stated, Trump’s attempts to influence the investigation “were mostly unsuccessful,” but it’s “largely because the persons who surrounded the President declined to carry out orders or accede to his requests.” He’s not strong. He’s not wise. He’s not honorable. And sometimes, when his subordinates disregard is orders, he’s not even truly the president. Regardless of his potential criminality, there is nothing revealed in the report that is admirable — or alpha — about Donald Trump.
latino  fear  Trump  Leadership  state  rulers  Power_in_America  Pol._147  Pol._120  Pol.11  Pol.12 
3 days ago by Jibarosoy
Distinguishing between description and analysis in academic writing – Raul Pacheco-Vega, PhD
Now, when I read student essays, or Masters/PhD theses, I find myself writing similar comments: “this is a very good description, but lacks real analysis“. I asked both the Political Scientists Facebook group (of which I’m proud of being part of) and the Research Companion Facebook group (a fantastic resource created by Dr. Petra Boynton, author of the book “The Research Companion”).

I received A LOT of really good feedback on both groups (who said that Facebook was only good for posting photos of your kids?) which I am detailing here (I’ve asked for permission to attribute whoever recommended a particular book or reading).
Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185  writing  analysis  questioning  teaching_pol_theory  Learning 
7 days ago by Jibarosoy
Description vs. analysis - Research & Learning Online
Some students make the mistake of thinking that reflective writing simply requires you to recount an event or describe a scenario. Reflection within university assignments pushes beyond this. It requires you not only to narrate or describe, but also to analyse.

Consider the differences in the following examples between describing what happened, and analysing what happened. One simply recounts what took place, while the other explores why events unfolded as they did. It considers theories that help explain what happened, and the significance of these things for your teaching and learning.
critical_thinking  analysis  writing  Pol.11  Pol.12  Teaching  Learning  questioning 
7 days ago by Jibarosoy
Advice on Alternative History Assignment | Music and Social Protest, New College '13
By Sunday evening, I expect to receive 4-5 double-spaced pages that present an alternative history of one of the revolutions we have covered in this module. Since students have asked numerous questions on the nature of the assignment, I thought I would explain this in more detail here on the blog.

The task at hand is to present an alternative history. To do this properly, you need to demonstrate that you have a solid working knowledge of whatever revolution you want to discuss and its relationship to music. In Monday’s class, I recommended spending more or less a page explaining what actually happened. If you want to spread out this knowledge throughout your 4-5 pages, you may do so.
Pol.12  Pol.11  history  methods  Power_in_America  Teaching  Learning 
14 days ago by Jibarosoy
A World Without World War I, Featuring Health-Nut Hitler : NPR
Without the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, there would have been no need for rulers in Vienna to threaten Serbia, no need for Russia to come to Serbia's defense, no need for Germany to come to Austria's defense — and no call for France and Britain to honor their treaties with Russia.
Pol.12  Pol.11  history  methods  Power_in_America  Teaching  Learning 
14 days ago by Jibarosoy
The Best Resources For Teaching “What If?” History Lessons | Larry Ferlazzo's Websites of the Day...
I’m a longtime fan of “alternate history,” and last year was thrilled to read about how some teachers applied that concept in their classes.

This is how Carla Federman (who borrowed the idea from Diana Laufenberg) introduced her lesson to students:

You are to identify one specific point in American history for which you are interested in changing the outcome. Once you have identified your point of divergence, you will need to consider both the immediate changes and the long-term impacts that divergence would have on modern society. You will present your “revised history” through the creation of “new” primary sources and a multimedia project.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Teaching  Learning  history  methods  Learning_Communities_activities 
14 days ago by Jibarosoy
Skills Practice | Alternative History as Narrative - The New York Times
What if the British won the Revolutionary War? What if the Cuban Missile Crisis had started World War III? What if John Lennon had not died when he was shot?

These might seem like silly questions, but they and others like them have inspired an entire genre of writing. These alternate histories allow writers to develop scenarios based on historic events, but with some major changes. What if Karl Marx had not written the Communist Manifesto in 1848? Would there have been a Cold War in the twentieth century?
Pol.12  Pol.11  Power_in_America  writing  Teaching  Learning  history  methods 
14 days ago by Jibarosoy
(2) Where to Sit at a Conference Table for Your Next Meeting - YouTube
Increase your confidence and persuasiveness by learning where to sit in a meeting, networking event, or classroom. In this video, I am going to teach you the science behind where to sit at a conference table to get your boss to listen, to get ahead and to be taken seriously.
Power_materials  Political_Geography  Pol.11  Pol.12  Teaching 
15 days ago by Jibarosoy
Power, Sociologically Speaking - The Society Pages
That powerful actors have the capacity to create or invoke structure in their own interests while the less powerful are more constrained is an important sociological point, yet it is typically hidden by our everyday understandings of how organizations and institutions operate. Indeed, we tend to see contemporary structures and rules as more or less bureaucratic, rational, and neutral. And, to be sure, they are presented that way. Yet, significant inequalities exist across most institutional domains, including politics. Consider, for instance, who is represented, who has voice, who benefits from policies, and which agendas reach the table.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  Power_materials  teaching_pol_theory  Teaching  Learning 
17 days ago by Jibarosoy
POWER - a multiplayer american political simulation game
Power is a global political and economic simulation game where you can play as a powerful politician or businessman in a number of countries. Starting from nothing, you can seize the highest offices in the land through free and fair elections, or dirty tricks and deals. You can rise up the ranks
games  Simulations  Power_materials  Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120 
22 days ago by Jibarosoy
The Faces of American Power, Nearly as White as the Oscar Nominees - The New York Times
We reviewed 503 of the most powerful people in American culture, government, education and business, and found that just 44 are minorities. Any list of the powerful is subjective, but the people here have an outsize influence on the nation’s rules and culture.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  Power_in_America  data  pol.185  Leadership 
23 days ago by Jibarosoy
Who Rules America: Power at the National Level
Who has predominant power in the United States? The short answer, from 1776 to the present, is: Those who have the money have the power. George Washington was one of the biggest landowners of his day; presidents in the late 19th century were close to the railroad interests; for George W. Bush, it is oil and other natural resources, agribusiness, and finance. But to be more exact, those who own income-producing property -- corporations, real estate, and agribusinesses -- set the rules within which policy battles are waged.

While this may seem simple and/or obvious, the reasons behind it are complex. They involve an understanding of social classes, the role of experts, the two-party system, and the history of the country, especially Southern slavery. In terms of the big world-historical picture, and the Four Networks theory of power advocated on this site, money rules in America because there are no rival networks that grew up over a long and complex history:
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power  Methodology 
23 days ago by Jibarosoy
Opinion | Why Trump Reigns as King Cyrus - The New York Times
Today’s Christian nationalists talk a good game about respecting the Constitution and America’s founders, but at bottom they sound as if they prefer autocrats to democrats. In fact, what they really want is a king. “It is God that raises up a king,” according to Paula White, a prosperity gospel preacher who has advised Mr. Trump.

Ralph Drollinger, who has led weekly Bible study groups in the White House attended by Vice President Mike Pence and many other cabinet members, likes the word “king” so much that he frequently turns it into a verb. “Get ready to king in our future lives,” he tells his followers. “Christian believers will — soon, I hope — become the consummate, perfect governing authorities!”

The great thing about kings like Cyrus, as far as today’s Christian nationalists are concerned, is that they don’t have to follow rules. They are the law. This makes them ideal leaders in paranoid times
Trump  state  Religion  Power_in_America  nations  Violence_y_Power  authority  Pol.11  Pol.12 
24 days ago by Jibarosoy
Hectored by Netanyahu, Israeli Arabs Could Have the Final Say - The New York Times
Mr. Netanyahu has been fanning the flames of anti-Arab sentiment almost daily.

He has warned Israelis that his main challenger, the retired army chief Benny Gantz, would “hand over parts of the homeland to the Arabs” and that he would make alliances with Arab parties that “want to destroy” Israel. Mr. Netanyahu has also joined forces with a racist faction whose leaders support expelling Arab citizens and call them “the enemy.”

Such appeals have worked for Mr. Netanyahu in the past. This time they might backfire.

Small Arab communities like the Druze, who prize their loyalty to the state and often vote for right-wing parties, show signs of deserting Mr. Netanyahu en masse
Pol.11  Pol.12  state  nations  Violence_y_Power  Power_materials 
24 days ago by Jibarosoy
(PDF) Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Their Diversity and Evolutionary Processes | Serge Svizzero and Clement Tisdell - Academia.edu
It is argued that attributes which have been widely used to typify hunter-gatherer societies are inadequate for several reasons. One is that they fail to capture the full extent of the diversity of these societies. We suggest some additional attributes which should be taken into account in characterizing these societies. Linear (unidirectional) models of the development of  prehistoric societies are criticized and multi-linear models are discussed. Currently, three main stereotypes of the nature of hunter-gatherer societies exist. While these indicate that they were diverse, they fail to capture the full extent of their diversity. It is suggested that this diversity increased with the passage of time and was shaped by the varied local eco-geographic conditions (local resource endowments) in which these societies existed. This raises the question of whether this development had the same basis as speciation in the  biological theory of natural selection. This is discussed and then particular attention is given to Adam Smith’s vision of the evolution of human societies. In conclusion, it is suggested that the evolutionary path of modern societies has diverged from that of prehistoric societies.
SON  state  Violence_y_Power  civilization  teaching_pol_theory  Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Would we all be better off if we returned to hunting and gathering?
The idea the decision to abandon our hunter-gatherer lifestyle was a terrible misstep isn’t some crazy hippy notion either, but one supported by academics like James C. Scott, Christopher Ryan and Cacilda Jethá, and Jared Diamond, the latter of whom famously called the decision to abandon hunter-gatherer societies the “worst mistake in the history of the human race.”
Of course, we couldn’t have known any better. Evolution had crafted minds that were capable of future planning, but without the ability to foresee or even contemplate the notion of unintended consequences.
SON  Pol.11  Pol.12  state  Violence_y_Power  Power_materials  civilization  Technology 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
How Trump Gets Away with Lying, as Explained by a Magician
Now you can spot these five techniques used by both magicians and politicians to get away with lying. These techniques don’t have to be used for deception, though. They can be used for good. If you want an audience to gain your trust, make sure you use these ideas. If you need proof it works, just look at how I wrote this article.
I dressed for the occasion by using a colloquial writing style I knew was appropriate for my audience. Not too formal, not too casual.
I separated myself from the liars by telling you I was a former card magician, and by seemingly betraying the rest of the magicians by breaking our code and letting you in on our secrets.
I didn’t predict the future, I pretended to have predicted the past when I explained how Trump’s ability to lie ushered him to the presidency. In truth, I didn’t expect Trump to win either. I was only able to write this article in retrospect.
I told you things you wanted to hear when I expressed my frustration with politicians, especially with our current Administration, and when I told you there was a learnable method to the dishonesty of politicians.
The only technique I didn’t use was diversion, because it’s rather difficult to divert attention in writing.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Power_in_America  Trump  Political 
6 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
U.S. Foreign Policy: Here is my first principle of foreign policy: good government at home. -William E. Gladstone. - ppt download
Becoming a Nation continued… The Declaration of Independence would be the first document of American foreign policy. It described the United States’ relationship with Great Britain. To make up for their comparative weakness in the war, Americans sought aid from other nations. The nation’s first treaty would be concluded in 1778: The Franco- American (Alliance) Treaty of 1778. A separate trade treaty with France was also signed.
Pol.12  presidents  international  politics  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
12.7 Chapter 12 Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation Essential Question: To what extent should the United States have become involved in world affairs. - ppt video online download
What was President Washington’s foreign policy?
How did President Adams keep peace with France?
What was Thomas Jefferson’s foreign policy with dealing with piracy?
What did President Madison do to protect sailors and settlers?
Why did President Monroe create an isolationist foreign policy for the US?
Key Terms:
neutrality, isolationism, embargo, blockade, Monroe Doctrine
Chapter 12: Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation
EQ: “To what extent should the United States have become
involved in world affairs in the early 1800s?”
Pol.12  presidents  international  policy  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy

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