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徐賁:「強制說服」下的羊群變異──五七幹校與中國知識分子|深度|探索學院|端傳媒 Initium Media
思想改造是一種 「強制說服」(coercive persuasion),在各國普遍存在於一些強制社會化程序中(如罪犯改造、戒毒、反邪教、心理治療等)。而在中國語境裏,強制說服則是一種意識形態主導的大規模思想改造,其涉及面之廣、強制手段之發達是其他國家難以相比的。



德熱拉斯(M. Djilas)在著名的《新階級》一書裏指出,無論為意識形態的思想改造投入多少人力物力,「這一切手段所收穫的效果並不大。在任何情況下,效果與所花費的力量及方法都不相稱」,它之所以還在繼續,不是因為它真能改變人們的思想和信念,而是因為它能「使一切與官方不同的意識都不可能表現出來」。
opinion  history  china  mao  intelligentsia  mind  education 
2 days ago by aries1988
Resilience and ingenuity – a Tajik teacher's hydroelectric station made from Soviet scraps | Aeon Videos
In doing so, the film is both a chronicle of his remarkable life and a robust reminder that genius is not confined to the places where it is most lavishly rewarded and popularly celebrated.
stans  life  soviet  history  engineer  village  electricity  invention  mind 
4 days ago by aries1988
papers —
The MIND Group is an independent, international body of early-stage researchers, founded in 2003. It is formed of young philosophers and scientists with a strong interest in questions concerning the mind, consciousness, and cognition. They come from various disciplines such as philosophy, psychology, cognitive science, and neuroscience.
Philosophy  mind  consciousness  knowledge  epistemology 
4 days ago by gnf00x
The Importance Of Exercise For Your Sate Of Mind - Viral Topic Feed
It's a common assumption that exercise only affects your physical physique. While it certainly contributes to your appearance, it can ...
The  Importance  Of  Exercise  For  Your  Sate  Mind 
10 days ago by LocalBusiness
The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect | MetaFilter
To Build Truly Intelligent Machines, Teach Them Cause and Effect (Quanta) - "Judea Pearl, a pioneering figure in artificial intelligence, argues that AI has been stuck in a decades-long rut. His prescription for progress? Teach machines to understand the question why."
psychology  mind  ai  software  programming  machinelearning  deeplearning  philosophyofmind  philosophy 
10 days ago by msszczep
Overtaxed Working Memory Knocks the Brain Out of Sync | Quanta Magazine
Researchers find that when working memory gets overburdened, dialogue between three brain regions breaks down. The discovery provides new support for a larger
s  neuroscience  health  pocket  ifttt  memory  mind  science  sync  working 
10 days ago by xer0x

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