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Full Comparison: Agile vs Scrum vs Waterfall vs Kanban
Scrum is a subset of Agile and one of the most popular process frameworks for implementing Agile. It is an iterative software development model used to manage complex software and product development. Fixed-length iterations, called sprints lasting one to two weeks long, allow the team to ship software on a regular cadence. At the end of each sprint, stakeholders and team members meet to plan next steps. 
scrum  vs  agile  methodology  kanban  software  development  framework  process  dev  team  waterfall 
7 hours ago by 44sunsets
Home | ColourLex
The first part of ColourLex consists of information on paintings with emphasis on pigment analysis.
The second key part of ColourLex are pages about the individual pigments.
The last part is a collection of resources on paintings, painters, pigments and the scientific methods used in the investigation of paintings.
analysis  art  colour  forensic  methodology 
23 hours ago by kintopp
Why read old philosophy? | Meteuphoric
(This story would suggest that in physics students are maybe missing out on learning the styles of thought that produce progress in physics. My guess is that instead they learn them in grad school when they are doing research themselves, by emulating their supervisors, and that the helpfulness of this might partially explain why Nobel prizewinner advisors beget Nobel prizewinner students.)

The story I hear about philosophy—and I actually don’t know how much it is true—is that as bits of philosophy come to have any methodological tools other than ‘think about it’, they break off and become their own sciences. So this would explain philosophy’s lone status in studying old thinkers rather than impersonal methods—philosophy is the lone ur-discipline without impersonal methods but thinking.

This suggests a research project: try summarizing what Aristotle is doing rather than Aristotle’s views. Then write a nice short textbook about it.
ratty  learning  reading  studying  prioritizing  history  letters  philosophy  science  comparison  the-classics  canon  speculation  reflection  big-peeps  iron-age  mediterranean  roots  lens  core-rats  thinking  methodology  grad-school  academia  physics  giants  problem-solving  meta:research  scholar  the-trenches  explanans  crux  metameta  duplication  sociality  innovation 
6 days ago by nhaliday
Relational Approaches to Policy Analysis: Knowing, Intervening and Transforming in a Precarious World
Relational, non-dualist, approaches to policy analysis are important in addressing some of the most vexing issues of our age. A central feature of relational approaches to policy analysis is that they operate in close interaction with the everyday world of public policy and society. Cultivating such a politically and socially relevant policy analysis both involves revealing the often taken-for-granted, cognitive and practical horizons of social and policy issues and enabling and facilitating groups to free themselves from oppressive conditions or practices by jointly designing workable alternatives. This implies that the methodological and ethical imperatives of relational approaches are to engage in theoretically innovative and empirically grounded research that is both appreciative and critical of daily policy practice and the practical and discursive processes that constitute it. Relationality also aims to integrate an analysis of power relations within policy networks and fields.
Angelo  policy  NILP_Board  Methodology  data  Power_materials  Sanchez 
8 days ago by Jibarosoy
19 lessons for political scientists from the 2016 election.
The ground game is overrated, the parties don’t decide (and neither do sharks), and other things we’ll need to rethink going forward.
Angelo  political_science  Sanchez  Methodology  NILP_Board  policy 
8 days ago by Jibarosoy
On advocacy, activism and political science | Duck of Minerva
scholars on the positivist-end of epistemology spectrum accept that we can observe “objective” social facts, study reality in terms of stable meanings and believe that neither prevalent ideologies nor the researcher’s own judgments have a significant impact on the resulting analysis. By contrast, scholars on the post-positivist end of spectrum view social facts as “inter-subjective”; meanings are constructed by dominant actors, contested and inherently unstable. Scholars that adopt post-positivist methods, such as ethnography, participant-observation, or active research, already reject the notion that they are objective observers when conducting research. They understand that by observing and studying social phenomena they impact and influence what they are studying.
Angelo  NILP_Board  Sanchez  political_science  Science  Methodology  political_theory  data  Power_materials 
8 days ago by Jibarosoy
Science Has Always Been Inseparable from Politics - Scientific American Blog Network
We use the scientific method to minimize bias and maximize objectivity. That is what’s rational and unbiased. The scientific enterprise, however, is not, and it’s nothing short of clinging to a fanciful myth to suggest that it ever was.
The reality is that engaging in scientific research is a social activity and an inherently political one. Imagine for a moment that you were going to start a new country today. There are things you’d be compelled to do by default; coming up with laws, for example. Funding science is not a default position when creating a country, it’s a decision we made once as a society, and continue to revisit as we make new policies and pass budgets. Science has been linked to the politics of society since the first person thought it was a good idea to do research, and then convinced their neighbors to give them money to do it.
Angelo  NILP_Board  policy  Science  Methodology  Pol._185  political_science  politics 
9 days ago by Jibarosoy
Why Your Design Sprints Always End in Tears (ONE Design Community)
Shaun Archer из Capital ONE описывает типовые проблемы при планировании и проведении дизайн-спринтов.
UX  sprints  issue  problems  methodology 
11 days ago by jvetrau
Surrogate endpoints in oncology: when are they acceptable for regulatory and clinical decisions, and are they currently overused? | BMC Medicine | Full Text
Surrogate outcomes are not intrinsically beneficial to patients, but are designed to be easier and faster to measure than clinically meaningful outcomes. The use of surrogates as an endpoint in clinical trials and basis for regulatory approval is common, and frequently exceeds the guidance given by regulatory bodies.
healthcare  cancer  trial  evaluation  methodology  metrics 
12 days ago by PieroRivizzigno
The New Ethnographer – a space for sharing and analysing the contemporary challenges of anthropological research
We are the new ethnographers. All of the contributors to this blog are by researchers in the midst of, or who have recently completed fieldwork. All of us have navigated complex, challenging encounters in the process. Crucially, few of us have received adequate support, guidance or solidarity from supervisors or institutions.

We did not embark on fieldwork without some trepidation, and in some cases the process of conducting risk assessments and ethics clearance creates enough space to think through what the challenges of fieldwork might entail.  Indeed, junior scholars often seek out controversial, proverbially uncharted territories for their doctoral fieldwork, aware of the ever-shrinking job market and the need to have a topic that stands out from the crowd. But in our experience, and indeed as evidence suggests (see Pollard 2009), University risk assessments and ethics procedures are often seen by both doctoral students and their supervisors as hoops to jump through rather than meaningful exercises. It’s always tricky to get ethnographic fieldwork signed off; Only tell them what they need to know; You don’t want them to stop you from doing it. Words to this effect are words that many of us were told before beginning fieldwork. Furthermore, we are asked to rely on data far removed from our projects before we leave for the field, such as our national Foreign Office reports or news briefings that often do not reflect the real political situations on the ground .

Our point of departure here is to ask why it is that academic institutions are seemingly so unwilling to engage with these challenges critically, supportively, constructively – frankly, unwilling to engage at all. We are among many of our peers whose challenges have been met with a quite literal silence from our institutions. We find support and solidarity among our friends and peers, in the field and at home, none of whom are ‘qualified’ to really help us navigate these issues with the weight of the academy in mind. Nor is it their job to do so. Often supervisors are instructed to direct any “emotional” or “health related” concerns to university counselling staff or healthcare professions, to protect themselves for legal reasons.
ethnography  methodology 
13 days ago by shannon_mattern
Richard Smith: Medical research—still a scandal - The BMJ
Twenty years ago this week the statistician Doug Altman published an editorial in the BMJ arguing that much medical research was of poor quality and misleading. In his editorial entitled, “The Scandal of Poor Medical Research,” Altman wrote that much research was “seriously flawed through the use of inappropriate designs, unrepresentative samples, small samples, incorrect methods of analysis, and faulty interpretation.” Twenty years later I fear that things are not better but worse.
medicine  argument  science  stats  methodology  read-later 
16 days ago by kmt
The English question: Young are less proud to be English - BBC News
The opinion poll was conducted by YouGov who questioned 20,081 people. The poll has a margin of error of plus or minus 1%.
The council level estimates shown in the search box above are based on the poll and a statistical procedure called multilevel regression and post-stratification or MRP. The technique produces estimates for small areas based on a limited amount of data. It uses the people from each local authority to predict that area's results, but to ensure that this small amount of data is representative of the wider population the estimates are balanced out using comparable data from the poll from the rest of the country and the census on the demographic make-up of the local authority in question. As with all models the figures are subject to uncertainty. The analysis was run by Dr Kevin Cunningham working with Dr Ian Warren of @ElectionData. More details on MRP are available from YouGov.
bbcvj  Englishness  dj  statistics  methodology 
16 days ago by paulbradshaw
[no title]
they make it clear that the murder rate varies greatly and that most of the variation is unlikely to be related to the execution rate, yet neither they nor the papers they discuss pay at- tention to modeling all this variation. They argue that this variation swamps death penalty deterrence effects and suggest that this makes estimating those effects hope- less.
methodology  econometrics  _classroom_  _RM_ 
16 days ago by JWMason

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