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Elements of Typographic Style | Cool Tools
A guiding philosophy of type
For a long while I’ve been looking for an expert who could guide me through the complex world of typography. I didn’t need another artsy typographical design book. I wanted a reliable friend who could introduce me to the philosophy of type and then also practically guide me through the jungle of fonts to ones that work best. Mr. Bringhurst is that guru. Under his apprentice I understood for the first time how to architecturally shape a page with text, as if I were building a house. I figured out when to kern, or not. Now I find myself drawn back to his study every time I need to craft a book, a webpage, or format a report. The wisdom and experience in this book is astounding. It’s for anyone who makes words visible. That’s all of us. The book is regularly updated. Blessings on Bringhurst.
-- KK
books  language  grammar  cool_tools 
2 days ago by rgl7194
Trivium - Trivium
The Trivium method: (pertains to mind) – the elementary three.

[1] General Grammar, [2] Formal Logic, [3] Classical Rhetoric
education  grammar 
3 days ago by gdw
How to change emotions with a word - Language
DIPLOMATS the world over know that a well-chosen turn of phrase can make or break a negotiation. But the psychological effects of different grammatical structures have not been investigated as thoroughly as they might have been.
verb  rhetoric  grammar  reductivist  noun  limbic_system  emotion  activity  psycholinguistics  politics  control 
4 days ago by jbkcc
The Synonym Finder | Cool Tools
The best thesaurus ever
This is the best thesaurus there is. It supplies more synonyms, analogs, parallels, equivalents and comparable words in English than any other source, online or off. No other thesaurus comes near to it for completeness or breadth. Compiled in dictionary form, like the one in your word processors, there’s no index or cross-referencing. Just look up a word, any word, and it proceeds to overwhelm you with alternative choices (a total of 1.5 million synonyms are presented in 1,361 pages), including short phrases and only mildly related words. Rather than being a problem of imprecision, the Finder’s broad inclusiveness prods your imagination and prompts your recall.
Its single downside, however, is a major frustration: it is not available digitally, in a form compatible to the way most people write these days. It should live on your computer in a pull-down option, or plug-in for Word or the like. I’m totally baffled why it is not. As it is, it’s a huge fat book — a great book! — sitting within arms’ reach when I write, but not near enough for the power that it offers.
-- KK
(This is a Cool Tools Favorite from 2005 — editors)
Buy on Amazon
The Synonym Finder J.I. Rodale 1986, 1361 pages $12
books  grammar  language  cool_tools 
6 days ago by rgl7194
Italian Grammar Lessons: Pronominal Verbs Farcela & Andarsene
The Italian verb ‘farcela’ is a pronominal verb, which means that it is composed of a base verb, in this case ‘fare’, plus pronouns that modify the base verb’s meaning
italian  grammar 
8 days ago by backspaces
Select grammar and writing style options in Office 2016 - Office Support
(This page goes over what all the options in Word’s grammar checker do.)

“Academic Degrees targets the incorrect use of academic degrees. When discussing a type of degree, it should be lowercase. Bachelor’s and master’s degree types should be possessive. Note that doctorate is a degree type, while Doctor is used in a degree name. Example: She earned her doctorate of philosophy. is corrected to ‘She earned her Doctor of Philosophy’ Example: She earned a Bachelors degree will be corrected to ‘She earned a bachelor’s’

“Adjective Used Instead of Adverb targets the use of ‘real’ vs. ‘really’. ‘Real’ is used to modify a noun, ‘really’ to modify a verb. Example: He is driving real carefully would be corrected to He is driving really carefully.

“Agreement with Noun Phrases targets number agreement within noun phrases to make sure the words within a single noun phrase agree in number (singular or plural). Example: I would like to buy this apples would be corrected to I would like to buy these apples or I would like to buy this apple.

“Capitalization targets words with incorrect capitalization. Articles, short prepositions, and conjunctions that should be in lower case within titles. The first word in title is capitalized. Example: ‘Of Mice And Men’ is a novel would be corrected to ‘Of Mice and Men’ is a novel.

“Capitalization of March and May targets incorrectly lowercased words ‘May’ and ‘March’ when they are used as month names instead of verbs. The months ‘March’ and ‘May’ should always be capitalized. The verbs ‘march’ and ‘may’ are not capitalized. Example: Camping in may can be an enjoyable experience. would be corrected to Camping in May can be an enjoyable experience.

“Commonly Confused Words targets words that require special attention because they sound similar and may have related meanings. They often represent different parts of speech (word classes) and have different spellings. It also targets the incorrect use of ‘of’ rather than ‘have’ in constructions with modal auxiliaries. Use ‘have’ rather than ‘of’ in constructions with modal auxiliaries such as could, can’t, may, and will (i.e., verbs that express likelihood, ability, permission, obligation). Example: Could you please advice me? would be corrected to Could you please advise me? I could of known that. would be corrected to I could have known that.

“Commonly Confused Phrases targets words that are commonly used in combination with each other. You may have used a different preposition, helping verb, or other word than expected. Example: I do not see TV. would be corrected to I do not watch TV.

“Comparative Use targets the use of ‘more’ and ‘most’ with adjectives without comparatives. Don’t use comparatives like more, most, less, or least with comparative adjectives. Example: This is more bigger than I thought would be corrected to This is bigger than I thought.

“Hyphenation suggests a hyphen to link modifying words if a noun modifier consists of more than one word. Example: Our five year old son is learning to read would be corrected to Our five-year-old son is learning to read. This rule also covers numerals ‘twenty-one’ through ‘ninety-nine’.

“Incorrect Auxiliary targets auxiliaries (be, have) followed by incorrect verb forms. Make sure that the auxiliary you use is the correct one for the following verb. Example: We are not taken them to the movies before. would be corrected to We have not taken them to the movies before.

“Incorrect Inflection targets the incorrect use of two gerunds in a row. Some gerunds should be followed by past participles or infinitive verbs, instead.

“Example: Having misunderstanding the directions, she failed the test. is corrected to Having misunderstood the directions, she failed the test. Also targets expressions that require the use of ‘to’ as an infinitive marker and a specific verb form. Example: I would like to accepting the invitation. is corrected to I would like to accept the invitation

“Incorrect Verb Form after Auxiliary Targets an incorrect verb form after an auxiliary verb. Use the correct verb form after an auxiliary verb (verbs that describe a person, number, mood, tense, etc). Example: They had ate by the time she arrived would be corrected to They had eaten by the time she arrived.

“Indefinite Article Targets the use of ‘a’ before a word beginning with a consonant sound and ‘an’ before a word beginning with a vowel sound. Example: We waited for at least a hour would be corrected to We waited for at least an hour.

“Possessives and Plural Forms Targets the incorrect use of Possessive and Plural forms. Possessive nouns require an apostrophe. The possessive pronoun ‘its’ does not; the form ‘it’s’ is always a contraction of ‘it is’ (or ‘it has’). Example: As long as its doing it’s job, we’re happy would be corrected to As long as it’s doing its job, we’re happy.

“Question Mark Missing Targets a missing question mark at the end of an interrogative sentence. Write a question mark at the end of any sentence that asks a question (interrogative sentence). Example: How many cats does he have. would be corrected to How many cats does he have?

“Subject Verb Agreement targets number agreement between subject and verb. The subject and verb should agree in number. They should either both be singular, or both be plural. Example: The teacher want to see him would be corrected to The teacher wants to see him.

“Too Many Determiners targets certain determiners (articles, possessive pronouns, and demonstratives) that shouldn’t be combined. Example: I gave her a the carrot would be corrected to I gave her a carrot.

“Use of Plain Verb Form targets the use of an incorrect gerund or infinitive verb form, which depends on the verb it follows. An infinitive (to + verb) is used for an action that follows the main verb. A gerund (verb + -ing) is used after a preposition or for an action that occurs at the same time as the main verb. Example: I would like invite you. is corrected to I would like to invite you. Example: I do not mind rename the dog. is corrected to I do not mind renaming the dog.

“Use of the Word ‘Lack’ targets the incorrect use of the work ‘lack’. As a noun, it is usually followed by the preposition ‘of’ (e.g. ‘a lack of sleep’). As a verb, ‘lack’ should not be followed by any preposition. Example: The country was lacking of qualified medical staff is corrected to The country was lacking qualified medical staff.

“Use of Will and Would targets the incorrect use of the auxiliaries ‘will’ and ‘would’. Future tense sentences usually employ an auxiliary verb, except when referring to an imagined or desired situation (subjunctive phrase). Example: I request that you will join me is corrected to I request that you join me.”
word  grammar  options  software  2018 
8 days ago by handcoding

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