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Ancient Greek Color Vision | Serendip Studio
(1). Homer calls the sky "bronze" and the sea and sheep as the color of wine, he applies the adjective chloros (meaning green with our understanding) to honey, and a nightingale (2). Chloros is not the only color that Homer uses in this unusual way. He also uses kyanos oddly, "Hector was dragged, his kyanos hair was falling about him" (3). Here it would seem, to our understanding, that Hector's hair was blue as we associate the term kyanos with the semi-precious stone lapis lazuli, in our thinking kyanos means cyan (4). But we cannot assume that Hector's hair was blue, rather, in light of the way that Homer consistently uses color adjectives, we must think about his meaning, did he indeed see honey as green, did he not see the ocean as blue, how does his perception of color reflect on himself, his people, and his world.

Homer's odd color description usage was a cultural phenomenon and not simply color blindness on his part, Pindar describes the dew as chloros, in Euripides chloros describes blood and tears (5). Empedocles, one of the earliest Ancient Greek color theorists, described color as falling into four areas, light or white, black or dark, red and yellow; Xenophanes described the rainbow as having three bands of color: purple, green/yellow, and red (6). These colors are fairly consistent with the four colors used by Homer in his color description, this leads us to the conclusion that all Ancient Greeks saw color only in the premise of Empedocles' colors, in some way they lacked the ability to perceive the whole color spectrum.
ancient  greek  homer  color  language  grade_A 
8 days ago by Marcellus
Fairy Tales Could Be Older Than You Ever Imagined | | Smithsonian
cf. wondering if tales about Trolls, Ogres, and Giants could be even more ancient folklore re: Neanderthals, Denisovans, etc.
History_of_now  mythology  grade_A 
26 days ago by Marcellus
Everything you need to know about the Green New Deal | Popular Science
The Green New Deal is non-binding—its passage wouldn’t itself create new laws or programs. It would be up to lawmakers—and pressure from their constituents—to approve legislation that would put the 10-year plan in action.
Still, with 67 co-sponsors and many democratic presidential candidates showing their support, the groundbreaking measure is poised to reframe how we talk about addressing climate change—and how we might avoid the worst-case scenario that we’re currently hurtling toward.
AOC_Alexandria_Ocasio-Cortez  Politics  green  green_energy  greenhouse  grade_A  2019 
5 weeks ago by Marcellus

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