ethics   43666

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Barney Carroll: the conscience of psychiatry | The BMJ
> Barney was also publicly critical of top-down bureaucratic initiatives from NIMH (for example, research domain criteria) that interfere with the natural flow of scientific inquiry. He especially deplored the hijacking of nosology by the American Psychiatric Association and felt that DSM-5 sacrificed scientific improvement in its pursuit of sales
DSM  psychiatry  ethics  biography  rdoc 
13 minutes ago by porejide
Umdenken in der Forschung: Medizin ohne Tierversuche?
Drei Millionen Tiere verbraucht die Forschung jährlich. In der Medizin setzt ein Umdenken ein - nicht nur aus ethischen Gründen: Sind Tierversuche wirklich aussagekräftig? Von Anna Loll und Thilo Schmidt

MP3: http://avdlswr-a.akamaihd.net/swr/swr2/wissen/sendungen/2018/10/swr2-wissen-20181008-medizin-ohne-tierversuche.m.mp3

[audio src="http://avdlswr-a.akamaihd.net/swr/swr2/wissen/sendungen/2018/10/swr2-wissen-20181008-medizin-ohne-tierversuche.m.mp3"]
nca  ncpin  Podcasts  Medics  Animals  Ethics  Science 
2 hours ago by walt74
Resistance Is Futile: Uber Loves a Good Fight | Inc.com
Recently, some of the world's fastest-growing tech companies have been pushing ahead with their ideas without pausing to ask for permission. As a result, they're behaving in ways lawmakers aren't quite comfortable with. Consider that on your phone, you can purchase luggage (say, on Amazon), find someone to carry said luggage (TaskRabbit), rent an apartment for a couple of days (Airbnb), and hail a luxury sedan (you get the picture). But when the luggage retailer doesn't pay state sales tax, the employment provider doesn't pay minimum wage, the renter doesn't hold the lease, and the sedan driver doesn't charge a fixed rate? The government is pissed.
ESB6  ch3  ETHICS  fairpay  uber  strategy  disruption  problems  Amazon  airbnb 
16 hours ago by jeromekatz
After losing to Uber, cities are squeezing scooters and bike-shares.
Kalanick and Uber rode outside the law in many of the cities they entered, operating without permission (or straight-up illegally) until the service had made itself so indispensable to the public that regulation was politically impossible. (Various taxi regulators have been sued by medallion owners for basically letting Uber get away with it.) The company used a tool called Greyball to thwart inquisitive city officials. Politicians who challenged the company were humiliated. Company lobbyists swarmed state legislatures to help override municipal laws they didn’t like. Uber’s strategy struck observers then (and still does) as the prototypical brash, careless, and entitled entrance of a Silicon Valley startup—a crystallization of Facebook’s now-discredited “move fast and break things” catchphrase. With mild-mannered Dara Khosrowshahi at the wheel, Uber is suddenly running good-government campaigns. “We were probably trading off doing the right thing for growth, and thinking about competition maybe a bit too aggressively, and some of those things were mistakes,” he told the New Yorker this spring about the Kalanick era.
ESB6  ch3  ETHICS  uber  strategy  problems  disruption 
16 hours ago by jeromekatz
The Aggressive Processes Uber Uses for Global Expansion | Process Street
Describes Uber's strategy for going into new markets and recruiting drivers, including hiring them from Lyft. Gives Kalancik's history with prior businesses (including file sharing services, hence "Uber is the Napster of Driving-as-a-service").
ESB6  ch3  ETHICS  uber  problems  strategy  competition 
16 hours ago by jeromekatz
How Uber conquers a city in seven steps | Technology | The Guardian
(1) Bulldoze the market, (2) Recruit drivers aggressively, (3) Convert riders into a political base, (4) Buy political influence, (5) Ignore/fight regulations, (6) remain bullish despite protests, (7) Reduce fare, increase commissions
ESB6  ch3  ETHICS  uber  strategy  problems 
16 hours ago by jeromekatz
Is an Uber Ride Any Better Than a Gypsy Cab? - Motherboard
If Uber allegedly employs rapists and recruits unlicensed drivers, does that make the chauffer service any different than the gypsy cabs your mom always told you not to take?
It's complicated. Uber has faced nothing but resistance from local governments and taxi companies (especially in DC) since it launched in 2011, but it's contested those challenges by demonstrating a demand for a smartphone-powered private car service, or, as it calls itself, "Everyone's Private Driver." 
ESB6  ch3  ETHICS  disruption  uber  gypsycabs  problems 
16 hours ago by jeromekatz
“The four ways that ex-internet idealists explain where it all went wrong”, by Tim Hwang for MIT Technology Review
Among the [Depressed Former Internet Optimists (DFIO)], this process is giving rise to a boomlet of distinct cliques with distinct views about how the internet went wrong and what to do about it. As an anxiety-­ridden DFIO myself, I’ve been morbidly cataloguing these strains of thinking and have identified four main groups: the Purists, the Disillusioned, the Hopeful, and the Revisionists.
internet  ethics  politics 
17 hours ago by beep
L'esercito ha fatto un robot che può "mangiare" organismi per ricaricarsi
...e direttamente da un futuro distopico, alla Matrix, assistiamo a macchine che si "alimentano" utilizzando una base organica. E ad un enorme problema etico.
ethics  robot  cyberwarfare  top 
20 hours ago by mgpf
Google Wants China. Will Chinese Users Want Google? | WIRED
“Google CEO Sundar Pichai was upbeat Monday when he told WIRED about internal tests of a censored search engine designed to win approval from Chinese officials. It will take more than a government nod for Google to succeed, however.

That’s not only because of the political tensions raised by President Trump’s tariffs on Chinese goods, which analysts say make Google’s expansion unlikely. China’s competitive—and cooling—search market doesn’t seem to offer much space for a US entrant. “Because Google has been absent for years, it has a lot of distance to make up,” says Raymond Feng, director of research at Pacific Epoch in Shanghai, which tracks China’s internet markets. Google declined to comment on its strategy around search in China.

Google offered a censored version of its search engine for China’s tightly regulated internet between 2006 and 2010. The company shut it down after complaining that its corporate network was subject to a sophisticated attack from inside China, targeting the Gmail accounts of human rights activists.

During Google’s absence, China’s internet population swelled by nearly 70 percent, to 772 million. One challenge for Google is that it knows relatively little about those consumers.”
google  Technology  ethics 
yesterday by lukemperez
Evil Online and the Moral Fog | Practical Ethics
I see Evil Online as in the same tradition as Hannah Arendt’s crucially important book The Banality of Evil, which attempted to explain and characterize the behaviour of apparently ‘ordinary’ people – rather than probable psychopaths like Himmler – in the Holocaust. As Cocking and van den Hoven note, whether their idea of a moral fog is a development of the banality thesis or something entirely new doesn’t matter much, since even if it is a development they are taking it further and using the idea of a moral fog to elucidate the way that the online environment we are in can make us insensitive to moral facts we’re otherwise perfectly capable of recognizing. Certainly the particular mechanisms of totalitarianism identified by Arendt aren’t straightforwardly going to explain evil online, but the general issues at stake do have similarities. How is it that Eichmann and the non-psychopathic perpetrators of evil online come to ignore their duty, or arrive at such a distorted view of what duty requires?

The book is also in some ways analogous to Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan, first published in 1651, in which Hobbes tries to explain how the natural state of human beings is amoral – a war of all against all – and how morality can be seen as a human creation enabling us to escape that state and build a civilization. The online world is something like a state of nature, but the difference between the Hobbesian situation and our own is that we already have a morality. The puzzle is how to disperse the fog, and it is a puzzle we need urgently to think about before it is too late and the fog begins to thicken and drift even further than it is already doing from the online into the real world.
cultural-dynamics  ethics  internet  politics  to-read 
yesterday by Vaguery
Stripe: Proposition C
"Today, the world is pulling us towards polarized discourse and emotionally-charged, soundbite analysis. We’re all familiar with the forces at play. We think this is important to resist."
Tech companies are well aware of the need to take responsibility in ethical questions.
ethics 
yesterday by glueckpress

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