diplomacy   5265

« earlier    

池享谈东亚与日本近世国家的形成_上海书评_澎湃新闻-The Paper

对明朝的关系方面,日本始终没有与之恢复邦交,但又想要获取相关情报,就转而寻求琉球的帮助。琉球之于明朝与日本,就相当于对马藩之于朝鲜与日本。琉球一直是明朝的朝贡国之一,而日本的萨摩藩十七世纪初就已征服琉球,并保持着对琉球的影响,与此同时,也依然认可琉球与明朝以及后来的清朝之间的朝贡关系。有趣的是,中日之间对此保持着相当程度的默契。明清和萨摩藩都会向琉球派遣使节,两面的使者即便相遇,也彼此视而不见,装作不知道对方是谁。

“华夷秩序”可以看作一种以自我为中心的国家立场,这在当时的东亚国家之中很普遍。除中国之外,日本、朝鲜都持这一立场。对日本来说,朝鲜侵略失败以后,不得不从以中国为中心的秩序之中脱离出来,而脱离之后,如何确定自身在东亚的地位,就成了一个核心命题。也正因如此,日本才会创造一整套“日本型华夷秩序”。江户时期,德川幕府曾经在江户召集朝鲜半岛和琉球的使者,意图就在于重新定位自己在东亚的位置。到了幕末,华夷秩序面临解体,因为东亚各国都受到来自西方的冲击,也都承受打开国门的压力。这个时候,很早就脱离中国的华夷秩序、建立自己的华夷秩序的日本,相对就拥有较大的主动权了,也有很高的灵活性。一些涉外事务,如果幕府难以决定,就会把朝廷推到前面。
当然,东亚其他国家也有自己的应对方式。比如,朝鲜虽然不像日本这样,拥有较大主动权,但朝鲜也会反过来利用自己的从属国身份,来与西方交涉。就日本而言,这种“日本型华夷秩序”,对幕末与西方的交涉起到了很大的正面作用,但同时与蔑视包括朝鲜在内的其他地域相结合,也成为近代帝国主义侵略的出发点。
diplomacy  east-asia  japan  korea  china  ming  book  from instapaper
3 days ago by aries1988
Trump and the End of Smugness
 Like most Democrats, I reacted to the stunning 2016 election of Donald Trump with a combination of confusion and dread. After all, Hillary Clinton was the favorite and, to Democrats like me, a Trump victory seemed to portend certain economic disaster, nuclear war, and pretty much the end of America as we knew it.

But now nearly two years into his administration, Trump has presided over a “winning streak” that includes a booming economy and stock market, an unemployment level at a nearly 50-year low, two Supreme Court appointments, no new foreign wars or domestic terrorist attacks emanating from abroad, a significant degree of progress on trade relations with Canada and Mexico, a “needed reset” on the China relationship, and the prospect of peace on the Korean Peninsula.

Perhaps it is time that even his opponents reconsider Trump. Does Trump have a strategy that we can describe? Is Trump a return of Richard Nixon, of Ronald Reagan, or of something else entirely? After several months of watching the news without gaining any answers, I finally canceled my cable subscription and sought out other sources. I found some insights in unexpected places.

Trump’s presidency marks a return to realpolitik and great power politics. No one knows what goes on in Trump’s mind or if even he believes he has a strategy. What matters is what Trump does, so this essay looks at his actions, considers the bias of his critics, and seeks a new way to understand his policies. It considers the possibility that Trump has a method to his madness.
USA2016  americana  politics  argument  strategy  diplomacy  economics 
5 days ago by kmt
梁文道:中國用不着窗口
为什么中央要这么做?难道他们不怕这个行动会在西方媒体和政界留下一个坏印象,让全世界更加相信「香港已死」的说法?难道他们没有想过在新冷战开打的今天,香港可以再度扮演国家对外窗口的角色吗?答案其实很简单,他们还真的不怕,而且也根本用不着香港再去做什么窗口了。

中国在这场新冷战早就做好了最坏打算,完全可以走上一条和西方对决的道路,同时以此对内激励民心,让他们知道未来几年的苦日子全是西方人搞鬼,从而凝聚向心力和稳定合法性。再大不了,也只是重新闭关锁国,靠着自己内部庞大的市场和政府在民间汲取的资源熬过去。而且别忘了中国早非吴下阿蒙,尽管「一带一路」陆续传来受挫的消息,但它无论如何也太不可能在国际上被彻底孤立到当年只能依靠香港的地步。
hongkong  diplomacy  future  from instapaper
8 days ago by aries1988
Ivan Rogers on Cameron’s Brexit referendum
Cameron’s focus, as I hope I have demonstrated, throughout all his years in office, was in defending and enhancing British exceptionalism, and in carving out a permanent niche, within the market project, but outside the monetary, banking, fiscal and political union. He believed strongly that this was in the U.K.’s best interests, and believed the post financial crisis drive towards further integration imperiled the viability of the U.K.’s position unless he secured permanent changes to entrench it. But he thought life outside the single market project carried major risks and, by definition, meant we could no longer secure the protections much of his tenure was about entrenching.
EU  UK  policy.making  politics  diplomacy  democracy 
9 days ago by ondrejr
Khashoggi case is test for UK-Saudi relationship | Patrick Wintour | Politics | The Guardian
Critics of Saudi regime are at risk – wherever they may be
Disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi shows Riyadh has little respect for borders - https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/10/critics-of-saudi-regime-are-at-risk-wherever-they-may-be
&
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7cv0SN6KxI - Remarkable Call From Army Consultant On Why UK Doesn't Intervene On Saudi Arabia
Turkey  Saudi  Arabia  foreign  policy  diplomacy  Russia 
12 days ago by asterisk2a
王戴勃:央视记者英国闹场,折射中国外交“亮剑”困局|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
针对宣传工作,习近平强调“敢抓敢管,敢于亮剑”。在外宣系统中,这句话被引申为“必须始终站在党和国家的立场,旗帜鲜明、理直气壮地发出中国声音、阐明中国观点、讲明中国立场,绝不能失语、缺位。”在针对敏感问题时,要“正面交锋、敢于亮剑、坚决批驳、严厉回击,绝不能当左右迎合的‘摇摆人’、态度暧昧的‘两面派’、独善其身的‘老好人’。外宣工作, 需要的是‘战士’,绝不需要‘绅士’。”

无论是王天安、瑞典游客还是孔琳琳事件,都凸显出中国在处理外交争议时缺乏有效的沟通方式,不会也不愿运用西方人广为接受的公关手段为自己争取道义和情感支持,而这其实正是中国政府眼中的“敌对势力”最擅长的。
china  pr  diplomacy  today 
14 days ago by aries1988
U.S. would destroy banned Russian warheads if necessary: NATO envoy
“At that point, we would be looking at the capability to take out a (Russian) missile that could hit any of our countries,” she told a news conference.

“Counter measures (by the United States) would be to take out the missiles that are in development by Russia in violation of the treaty,” she added. “They are on notice.” // maybe don't put it that way?
cruisemissile  russia  diplomacy  nukes 
20 days ago by yorksranter

« earlier    

related tags

1890s  1900s  a  a:gardiner-harris  about  affairs  afghanistan  africa  age  aid  aiddata  algeria  america  americana  amid  annankofi  anti-lula  arabia  argument  article  asia  assholes  at  atlanticism  binsalmanmohammed  blockade  board  board_games  boardgames  book  bookies  bookmarks  bookmarks_bar  bookmarks_menu  brand  brazil  brexit  business  canada  canpoli  career  catholic  cdnforces  china  classof2005  climate  coldwar  complexity  contemporary-history  corruption  cps  crime  cruisemissile  csis  cuba  culture  cyber_security  d:2018.09.02  daraa  democracy  deterrent  deutschland  disaster  discrimination  dodoma  donald-trump  donald  donald_trump  donaldtrump  dprk  east-asia  ecology  economics  elections  em-português  embassiesdc  engineering  erdogan  eritrea  espionage  ethiopia  ethniccleansing  eu  europe  explained  extradition  fakenews  finance  foreign  foreign_policy  foreign_relations  foreignaffairs  foreignfighters  france  fsa  future  g-zero  game  games  gaza  geopolitics  george-steinmetz  germany  global-warming  gop  government  grimmeathookfuture  guns  hacking  hamas  hipocrisy  history  homophobia  homs  hongkong  human_rights  humanrights  idiots  idlib  immigration  imported  in  india  infrastructure  int'l_relations  intelligence  international-relations  international  internet  interventionism  ipcc  iran  iraq  islamists  israel  japan  john_bolton  johnsonboris  journalism  khansadiq  khashoggijamal  kissinger  korea  last  legal  libya  lifeimitatessf  london  longform  macalumni  magazine-articles  magufuli  majaliwa  mar15  massacre  maytheresa  media  middle_east  middleeast  mideast  military  ming  murder  myth  nathaniel-rich  nationalism  nato  negotiation  neoliberalism  netanyahu  neuroscience  new_yorker  news  newyork  north-korea  north_korea  northkorea  novichok  nuclear  nuclearweapons  nukes  nytimes  obituary  of  on  online  onlinegames  p:the-new-york-times★★  palestine  people  play  plo  poisoning  policy.making  policy  politics  pompeomike  pr  predatory  propaganda  protest  putin  qatar  qing  quneitra  read-later  reconciliation  reconstruction  reference  relationship  remembrance  republican  republicans  research  revisionism  rouhani  rupoli  russia  russiagate  russian  salisbury  sanctions  saudi  saudi_arabia  saudiarabia  say  secretary  security  shandong  shielding  skripalsergei  soft_power  sources  space  special  statedept  statesmanship  strategy  syria  talks  tanzania  terrorism  the  thequeen  thesun  threats  today  trade  trump's  trump  trump_administration  trumpdonald  try  turkey  twitter  u.k.  uae  uk  ukpoli  un  united-states  united_states  unitedstates  usa  usa2016  uspoli  velociraptor  visit  w:1000  war  warfighting  warmbier  warnings  weapons  what  worldpoli  wto  ww1  xi  yemen 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: