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19 days ago by MamaSaucy
South Asian governments keep ordering internet shutdowns — and leaving users in the dark
Throughout India and in Bangladesh, governments in South Asia are increasingly shutting down the internet during times of political activity and protest, writes Afef Abrougui for Global Voices Advocacy: "When students in Dhaka, Bangladesh launched public protests demanding road safety after a speeding bus killed two students on July 29, mobile internet connections suddenly were no more. When the protests turned violent on August 3, after rumors of rape and kidnapping triggered confrontations between police and protesters, authorities resorted to shutting down 3G and 4G networks in and around Dhaka...The measures made it impossible to share multimedia and live video, which many protesters were using in an effort to show what actually was happening on the streets, in real time, and to debunk false claims. Telecom operators in Bangladesh gave subscribers no explanation of the cut in service. These measures are not unique to Bangladesh. They represent part of a growing trend across South Asia, where access to networks or platforms is restricted or completely shut down when protests or violence erupts, and the public is left in the dark, with little or no information about what causes these shutdowns."
otf  southasia  india  bangladesh  shutdown  access  blackout 
5 weeks ago by dmcdev
The Link Between More Internet Access and Frequent Internet Shutdowns
Shutting down internet access is an increasingly common tactic deployed by governments seeking to suppress free speech or discourage political movements. It is perhaps surprising that these shutdowns happen most frequently in countries where internet connectivity is rapidly rising, writes Conor Sanchez for the Council on Foreign Relations' Net Politics blog: "[M]any of the countries where shutdowns occur include places where the internet is growing fastest, especially ones that saw the number of users double between 2010 and 2016. Countries such as the Philippines, Bangladesh, and Cameroon recognize that expanding access is essential to compete in the digital economy and yet, they also seek to control it when it challenges authority."
otf  shutdown  access  policy  cfr  blackout 
7 weeks ago by dmcdev
Ethiopia internet shutdown in eastern Somali region
The Ethiopian government has again cut internet access in in the country, this time in several cities across the country's eastern Somali region amid increasingly violent political clashes between the federal and regional governments. The cities of Jijiga, Dire Dawa, and Harar are among the affected areas, which have been without mobile and broadband internet for several days, Quartz reports.

Quartz: "Over the past weekend, federal troops were deployed to the eastern Somali regional state, leading to a standoff with local police, lootings, and death. The region’s leader Abdi Mohamoud Omar, better known as Abdi Iley, was forced to resign and replaced by his finance minister Ahmed Abdi Mohammed. Following the unrest, officials cut off internet access to the region, with no explanation from either the ministry of communications or the sole mobile operator and internet provider Ethio Telecom. The move is indicative of an old Ethiopian government trick, blocking the internet or access to specific social media sites like Facebook and Twitter during anti-government protests or unease...'People in eastern Ethiopia deserve better from the federal government,' Berhan Taye, who leads digital rights group Access Now’s Keep It On campaign, said on Twitter. 'Access to information and freedom of expression are not a luxury dispensed at the convenience of the federal government. They are constitutional rights.'"

An Access Now-led coalition sent a letter to Ethiopia's Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) requesting that internet access be restored. https://www.accessnow.org/ethiopia-blocks-internet-in-eastern-part-of-country-again/
otf  ethiopia  africa  shutdown  access  blackout  censorship  somali 
9 weeks ago by dmcdev
.@accessnow Letter to IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde on possible breach of Cameroon loan term
In response to the Cameroon government's decision in 2017 to shut down internet access for months in the country's primarily Anglophone-inhabited regions, Access Now - along with Internet Sans Frontières and the University of Southern California School of Law International Human Rights Clinic - sent a letter this week to the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s Managing Director Christine Lagarde, arguing that the shutdown constituted a violation of the terms of an IMF loan to the country. Under the loan's terms, Cameroon was supposed to inform IMF of "[a]ny decision, decree, law, order or circular having economic or financial implications, from its publication date or effective date," which they allegedly did not do following the internet shutdown.

The letter reads, in part: "In at least two instances in 2017, one from January to April[6] (prior to the conclusion of the loan) and one beginning in October (after the conclusion of the loan), the Government of Cameroon shut or slowed down internet services in certain regions of the country...Internet access in the affected Anglophone regions has continued to be intermittently unavailable and problematically slowed or ineffective through 2018. We have not been able to locate information indicating that Cameroon reported these violations to the IMF and/or sought approval for these internet shutdowns...The result is that the Government’s unlawful interference with internet freedom has had a debilitating effect on the economy, affecting not only media companies but also businesses, as they are dependent upon internet for transactions and operations. A conservative estimate of the economic harm done places it at $3.2 million,[10] while others estimate that the costs may have been as high as $38.8 million...We understand that the IMF’s next review of Cameroon’s compliance with the terms of the loan is expected to be completed by 30 June 2018. We therefore respectfully request that the IMF ensure that Cameroon has complied with the terms of its loan by fully and accurately reporting '[a]ny decision, decree, law, order or circular having economic or financial implications, from its publication date or effective date.'"
otf  cameroon  africa  shutdown  access  blackout  imf 
june 2018 by dmcdev
Clio Awards GIF - Find & Share on GIPHY
GIF cars, quote, muse, blackout, clio, clio awards, muse by clio, quotable, quote card Giphy https://ift.tt/2KiLO4z ______ http://goo.gl/3oHDPV
cars  quote  muse  blackout  clio  awards  by  quotable  card  wynajem  samochody  auta 
june 2018 by architektura
Clio Awards GIF - Find & Share on GIPHY
GIF cars, quote, emotion, blackout, clio, clio awards, quoatable Giphy https://ift.tt/2MpMMZT ______ http://goo.gl/3oHDPV
cars  quote  emotion  blackout  clio  awards  quoatable  wynajem  samochody  auta 
june 2018 by architektura
Chad has blocked social messaging apps and BBC amid political and economic anxiety
Chad has again shut down the Internet in the face of opposition political activity, blocking Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp, Viber and BBC, Quartz reports, while pointing to OTF-supported OONI's confirmation of the blockage of the BBC website:

"From as early as Mar. 28, users started reporting a shutdown, according to the organization Internet Without Borders (IWB). The internet censorship watchdog, the Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI), also confirmed network measurement data showed the BBC’s news website was blocked. The cutoff comes after a national conference, boycotted by the opposition, recommended constitutional changes that could extend president Idriss Deby’s rule until 2033. Deby has ruled over the Central African nation since 1990...The current shutdown comes just days after advocacy groups submitted a report to the UN Human Rights Council detailing evidence of breaching freedom of expression, access to information, and the right to privacy. The violations included the January internet blackout ahead of demonstrations organized by civil society organizations, besides the eight-month social media cutoff following controversial elections in 2016. IWB estimates all these blackouts combined cost the Chadian economy €18 million ($22.1 million)."
otf  chad  africa  shutdown  access  blackout  social 
april 2018 by dmcdev
The fifth anniversary of the SOPA-PIPA protest internet blackout.
Five years ago, on Jan. 18, 2012, the internet went dark. Google, Craigslist, Wikipedia, Reddit, and more than 100,000 other websites all participated in an internet blackout on an unprecedented scale to protest the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Protect IP Act (PIPA).

And those calls, emails, and petitions were dramatically effective: Almost overnight, many of the bills’ initial supporters withdrew their support, including several original co-sponsors of the legislation

Then, on Jan. 20, the New York Times reported that the bills were dead in the water. SOPA’s backers have since made repeat attempts to achieve the bill’s aims by other means, but after 2012’s massive mobilization, Congress has not been eager to take up similar legislation.
Blackout 
january 2018 by thotw
The Sopa blackout protest makes history | Amy Goodman | Technology | The Guardian
Sopa would allow copyright holders to complain to the US attorney general about a foreign website they allege is "committing or facilitating the commission of criminal violations" of copyright law. This relates mostly to pirated movies and music. Sopa would allow the movie industry, through the courts and the US attorney general, to send a slew of demands that internet service providers (ISPs) and search engine companies shut down access to those alleged violators, and even to prevent linking to those sites, thus making them "unfindable"

EFF's McSherry said, "No one asked the internet – well, the internet is speaking now. People are really rising up and saying: 'Don't interfere with basic Internet infrastructure. We won't stand for it.'"
Blackout 
january 2018 by thotw
Protest, Cyberspace-Style, for New Law - The New York Times
Deep inside the complex legislation is a provision that its supporters say will keep pornographers and pedophiles from preying on children who use personal computers. But opponents say the provision, known as the Communications Decency Act, goes too far by placing unconstitutional restrictions on speech over the global computer network known as the Internet, including an apparent ban on discussions of abortion issues on public computer networks.

The act makes it a crime to transmit or allow indecent material to be transmitted over public computer networks to which minors have access.

Representative Henry J. Hyde of Illinois, a Republican and longtime abortion opponent, inserted language into the bill that would effectively extend into the electronic age a 123-year-old legal prohibition, the Comstock Act of 1873, against disseminating abortion information. In comments on the House floor, Mr. Hyde denied that his intent was to halt discussions of abortion on the Internet or on-line services.

plaintiffs in the suit liken more to newspapers and bookstores than to broadcast media. They maintain that the "indecency" and "patently offensive" definitions are overly broad and vague
Blackout 
january 2018 by thotw
Why Wikipedia went down at midnight - CNN.com
CNN: This is new, right, for Wikipedia to be taking a political action?
Wales: It's quite new. The only thing that's similar to it is that the Italian Wikipedia did do something similar that was the inspiration a few months back, against a law that was proposed by the Berlusconi government.

The issue here is that this law is very badly written, very broadly overreaching and, in at least the Senate version, would include the creation of a DNS (domain name system) blocking regime that's technically identical to the one that's used by China.

One of the provisions in the Senate version, which is still out there, is that under certain circumstances Internet providers would be required to block access to sites, by removing them from the DNS entry list. So if you type in the domain of a site that's been accused of being devoted to infringement of copyright you wouldn't get an answer of whether that site exists. That's exactly what China does. They do blocking at the DNS level.

It will be the English Wikipedia that is on strike, so to speak. Other language communities have done their own process of voting and polling. In general, I can say the Germans decided not to shut down their site but they are posting a banner in support ... Each language community makes their determination as to what they'd like to do.
Blackout 
january 2018 by thotw

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