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The Psychology That Makes Japanese Trains Work
To address the Japanese fear of loitering and vandalism by young riders, some train stations deploy ultrasonic deterrents—small, unobtrusive devices that emit a high-frequency tone. The particular frequency used—17 hertz—can generally only be heard by those under the age of 25. (Older people can’t detect such frequencies, thanks to the age-related hearing loss known as presbycusis.) These devices—the brainchild of a Welsh inventor and also used to fend off loitering teens in the U.S. and Europe—have been enthusiastically adopted in Japan.
from instapaper
3 minutes ago by shadowsun7
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Alcohol and Alcoholism Advance Access; https://ift.tt/2IfNUND; May 25, 2018 at 11:13PM; ;

Abstract

Aim

To examine dual trajectories of anxiety/depression symptoms and alcohol use among drug-using youth seeking care from an urban emergency department (ED), their baseline correlates and co-occurring trajectories of severe violence.

Short summary

There were five characteristic dual trajectories of alcohol use and depression/anxiety symptoms. Community violence exposure was highest among individuals with high-depression/anxiety symptom trajectories. Individuals with concurrently high-alcohol use and depression/anxiety symptom trajectories reported that the most delinquent peer affiliations, and had the highest rates of severe violence over time.

Methods

We analyzed data from 599 drug-using (primarily marijuana) youth ages 14–24 (349 assault-injured) recruited from December 2009 to September 2011 into a 24-month longitudinal study at a Level-1 ED in Flint, Michigan. Youth self-reported substance use, depression and anxiety symptoms, peer/parental behaviors, and severe violence involvement at baseline and four biannual follow-up assessments. Bivariate latent trajectory models identified homogeneous groups with similar trajectories on alcohol use and anxiety/depression symptoms; we compared baseline characteristics of each trajectory group and concurrent trajectories of severe violence (victimization and aggression).

Results

Our model identified five trajectory groups: Low drinking/No symptoms (LN; 10.4%; n = 62), No drinking/Moderate symptoms (NM; 15.7%; n = 94), Low drinking/Moderate symptoms (LM; 30.2%; n = 181), Low drinking/High symptoms (LH; 16.4%; n = 98) and High drinking/High symptoms (HH; 27.5%; n = 164). The HH group was characterized by more delinquent peer associations, and rates of community violence were higher among the high symptom groups. The HH group had the highest severe violence perpetration and victimization rates across time points; the LH group had similar violence rates to the LM and NM groups and the LN group had the lowest violence rates across time.

Conclusions

Among drug-using youth, alcohol use interventions could benefit from a focus on peer influences, and those with a joint focus on violence involvement may be improved via inclusion of content related to mental health and community violence exposure.
Addiction 
3 minutes ago by wbennett
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Alcohol and Alcoholism Advance Access; https://ift.tt/2IfNUND; May 25, 2018 at 11:13PM; ;

Abstract

Background and aims

Given ongoing community concern about high rates of alcohol-related crimes (ARCs) experienced by disadvantaged populations, a more specific and nuanced understanding of factors associated with ARCs would help inform the development of more sophisticated programs and policies aimed at reducing ARCs. This study estimates rates of ARCs across all communities in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, using routinely collected police data; investigates whether there are differences between communities; and identifies individual and community characteristics that are significantly associated with higher rates of ARCs.

Short summary

This study analysed routinely collected police data in New South Wales, Australia, to identify individual and community characteristics associated with alcohol-related crimes. Young people, Aboriginal Australians, socio-economically disadvantaged communities, remote and regional communities and communities with higher per capita rate of on-venue liquor licenses are at risk of alcohol-related crimes.

Methods

Age standardized rates of ARCs were calculated. A multi-level Poisson regression analysis was conducted to investigate the individual and community factors that were statistically significantly associated with higher rates of ARC, separately for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians.

Results

Rates of ARCs were statistically significantly higher for Aboriginal Australians, young people (aged 13–37 years) and on weekends. ARCs varied significantly across communities, and were significantly higher in remote or regional communities, in communities with a higher per capita rate of on-venue licences, and for socio-economically disadvantaged communities for non-Aboriginal Australians, but not for Aboriginal females.

Conclusion

This analysis shows that the impact of national-level and jurisdictional-level legislation and policies is uneven across communities and defined populations, leaving young people, socio-economically disadvantaged communities and Aboriginal Australians at increased risk of ARCs. To more equitably reduce the exposure of all Australians to ARC, mechanisms that effectively engage vulnerable communities and defined populations, need to be developed in consultation with them, implemented and evaluated.
Addiction 
3 minutes ago by wbennett
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Alcohol and Alcoholism Advance Access; https://ift.tt/2IfNUND; May 25, 2018 at 11:13PM; ;

Abstract

Aims

This study examines the biomarker ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in various alcoholic beverages.

Short summary

The biomarker EtG was consistently found to be a natural compound of wine, whereas it was not detected in any of the other tested alcoholic beverages, which included various distilled spirits, liqueurs and beer of different types and geographical origins.

Methods

Alcoholic beverages (n = 114) were analyzed by a validated liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry assay. Beverages included samples from beer, wine, liqueurs and spirits from different manufacturers and geographical origins.

Results

EtG was not detected in any kind of distilled alcoholic beverages, regardless of the type of spirit (rum, gin, vodka, whiskey, fruit brandy, corn brandy, cordial) or liqueur (n = 52). EtG was also not detected in any of the analyzed samples of beer, which included pilsener, weissbier, lager beer and ale from different origins (n = 20). In contrast, EtG was detected in every of the analyzed samples of wine (n = 42) without exception. Highest amounts were found in red wine and ranged from 1425 to 3720 μg/l (n = 16). Significantly, lower concentrations of EtG were observed for white wine (347–1685 μg/l, n = 14) and sparkling wine (281–1447 μg/l, n = 10).

Conclusions

Wine is an external source of EtG. It has been shown that milligram amounts of the biomarker can be contained in a bottle of wine. This should be considered in biomarker testing, especially in EtG hair analysis, which is susceptible to external contamination.
Addiction 
3 minutes ago by wbennett
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Alcohol and Alcoholism Advance Access; https://ift.tt/2IfNUND; May 25, 2018 at 11:13PM; ;

Abstract

Aim

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF-23) and α-Klotho (Klotho) levels may be altered in inflammatory conditions, possibly as compensatory mechanisms. Klotho exerts a protective effect on neurodegeneration and improves learning and cognition. No data exist about the association of Klotho and FGF-23 levels with brain atrophy observed in alcoholics. The aim of this study is to explore these relationships.

Short summary

FGF-23 and Klotho levels are altered in inflammation, possibly as compensatory mechanisms. Klotho enhances learning, but its role in ethanol-mediated brain atrophy is unknown. We found higher FGF-23 and lower Klotho levels in 131 alcoholics compared with 41 controls. Among cirrhotics, Klotho was higher and inversely related to brain atrophy.

Methods

The study was performed on 131 alcoholic patients (54 cirrhotics) and 41 age- and sex-matched controls, in whom a brain computed tomography (CT) was performed and several indices were calculated.

Results

Marked brain atrophy was observed among patients when compared with controls. Patients also showed higher FGF-23 and lower Klotho values. However, among cirrhotics, Klotho values were higher. Klotho was inversely related to brain atrophy (for instance, ventricular index (ρ = −0.23, P = 0.008)), especially in cirrhotics. Klotho was also directly related to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha (ρ = 0.22; P = 0.026) and inversely to transforming growth factor (TGF)-β (ρ = −0.34; P = 0.002), but not to C-reactive protein (CRP) or malondialdehyde levels. FGF-23 was also higher among cirrhotics but showed no association with CT indices.

Conclusions

Klotho showed higher values among cirrhotics, and was inversely related to brain atrophy. FGF-23, although high among patients, especially cirrhotics, did not show any association with brain atrophy. Some inflammatory markers or cytokines, such as CRP or TGF-β were related to brain atrophy.
Addiction 
3 minutes ago by wbennett
Chocolatey - The package manager for Windows
Chocolatey builds on technologies you know - unattended installation and PowerShell. Chocolatey works with all existing software installation technologies like MSI, NSIS, InnoSetup, etc, but also works with runtime binaries and zip archives.
cli  terminal  utilities  software  opensource  powershell  windows 
4 minutes ago by shannonlucas
Scoop
A command-line installer for Windows
cli  terminal  utilities  powershell  software  opensource  windows 
5 minutes ago by shannonlucas
Respect matters more than money for happiness in life -- ScienceDaily
Psychological scientist Cameron Anderson of the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley, and his co-authors explore the relationship between different types of status and well-being in a new article published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Ps via Pocket
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7 minutes ago by rjp
Flâneur - Wikipedia
Flâneur (pronounced [flɑnœʁ]), from the French noun flâneur, means "stroller", "lounger", "saunterer", or "loafer". Flânerie is the act of strolling, with all of its accompanying associations. A near-synonym is boulevardier. via Pocket
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7 minutes ago by rjp
The final insult: Donald Trump is a bore - The Washington Post
If he doesn’t ultimately win the election and shred our Constitution, the most annoying thing about Donald Trump may end up being this: He forced us to devote so much of our lives to a man who is, fundamentally, a bore. via Pocket
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7 minutes ago by rjp
Before Uber revolutionizes labor, it's going to have to explain these embarrassing emails - The Verge
Earlier this week, New York Times columnist Farhad Manjoo predicted that Uber's biggest impact on the world would not be in transforming transportation, but in changing the labor market and the way we think about work. He may be right. Uber's explosion is the envy of employers everywhere. via Pocket
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7 minutes ago by rjp
Officials describe components in Marathon bombs - The Boston Globe
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and his now-deceased brother used parts from Christmas lights and model cars to build the bombs that they allegedly detonated near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, federal prosecutors said in a court filing Wednesday. via Pocket
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8 minutes ago by rjp
Watch what happens when you put 20,386 cars into Trackmania / Boing Boing
Trackmania is a highly-customizable car-racing game renowned for the insane videos players generate, showing off feats that would be impossible or absurdly dangerous in real life. Feats such as showing 20,000 cars racing simultaneously around the track. via Pocket
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8 minutes ago by rjp
Life in the Valley of Death - The New York Times
Amor Masovic has the gaze and mournful air of a man who never gets enough sleep. For nearly two decades, his job has been to find the mass graves containing thousands who disappeared during the Bosnian war. He is very good at what he does, and he has a mind for numbers. via Pocket
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8 minutes ago by rjp
Comedy’s Cost | City Journal
Comedy, they say, is tragedy plus time. It may take a while for the world to laugh again at the comic genius of Robin Williams, who died this week, apparently at his own hand, after what he himself called a long struggle with addiction and depression. via Pocket
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8 minutes ago by rjp
GOP presidential debate: Chris Christie knocks Marco Rubio off balance at GOP debate - POLITICO
MANCHESTER, N.H. — Marco Rubio knew exactly what he was doing on Saturday night. Marco Rubio knew exactly what he was doing on Saturday night. via Pocket
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8 minutes ago by rjp
pbs.twimg.com
timeline Twitter RSS Feed from Twools
IFTTT  Triberr  timeline  Twitter  RSS  Feed  from  Twools 
8 minutes ago by iagdotme
Real Monstrosities — cool-critters: Bird poop frog (Theloderma...
Theloderma asperum is a frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is the smallest frog of the genus, reaching no more than 3 centimeters long. The main color of the frog is red-brown. The sides of the frog are mud-white with red spots. The frog has dark red eyes. via Pocket
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8 minutes ago by rjp
Mental health care: where did it all go so wrong? | Society | The Guardian
When Costa award-winning novelist Nathan Filer worked as a psychiatric nurse, he felt he was making a real difference. via Pocket
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8 minutes ago by rjp
HandBrake: Open Source Video Transcoder
HandBrake is a tool for converting video from nearly any format to a selection of modern, widely supported codecs.
video  software  opensource  windows  linux  macos 
9 minutes ago by shannonlucas
Tables
多伦多住房支出对比
9 minutes ago by microhoo
Hugin - Panorama photo stitcher
With Hugin you can assemble a mosaic of photographs into a complete immersive panorama, stitch any series of overlapping pictures and much more.
photography  software  opensource  windows  linux  macos 
10 minutes ago by shannonlucas
Web Developer Security Checklist – Simple Security – Medium
Developing secure, robust web applications in the cloud is hard, very hard. If you think it is easy, you are either a higher form of life or you have a painful awakening ahead of you. If you have…
security  checklist 
10 minutes ago by lionslair
Camposol boekt hogere omzet Q1 door blauwe bessen
Camposol boekt hogere omzet Q1 door blauwe bessen May 26, 2018 at 02:10AM https://ift.tt/2KY3hMn

Camposol boekt hogere omzet Q1 door blauwe bessen  AGF.nlFull coverage

via Camposol AND (avocado OR IPO) - Google News https://ift.tt/2nthM12
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10 minutes ago by leconeyc
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