zzkt + systems   29

Legal Systems Very Different From Ours
Medieval Icelandic crime victims would sell the right to pursue a perpetrator to the highest bidder. 18th century English justice replaced fines with criminals bribing prosecutors to drop cases. Somali judges compete on the free market; those who give bad verdicts get a reputation that drives away future customers.

“Anarcho-capitalism” evokes a dystopian cyberpunk future. But maybe that’s wrong. Maybe we’ve always been anarcho-capitalist. Maybe a state-run legal system isn’t a fact of nature, but a historical oddity as contingent as collectivized farming or nationalized railroads. Legal Systems Very Different From Ours, by anarcho-capitalist/legal scholar/medieval history buff David Friedman, successfully combines the author’s three special interests into a whirlwind tour of exotic law.
analysis  history  law  legal  systems  jurisprudence 
november 2017 by zzkt
Using the Plan9 plumber utility
Plumbing is a new mechanism for inter-process communication in Plan 9, specifically the passing of messages between interactive programs as part of the user interface. Although plumbing shares some properties with familiar notions such as cut and paste, it offers a more general data exchange mechanism without imposing a particular user interface. From Plumbing and other utilities by Rob Pike
plan9  plumber  operating  systems  IPC  acme  emacs  vim  intertwingularity 
january 2015 by zzkt
Genre Evolution Project
Biologists study how organisms evolve and adapt to their environments. In the Genre Evolution Project, we approach literature in a similar way. We study literature as a living thing, able to adapt to society’s desires and able to influence those desires. Currently, we are tracking the evolution of pulp science fiction short stories published between 1926 and 1999. Just as a biologist might ask the question, “How does a preference for mating with red-eyed males effect eye color distribution in seven generations of fruit flies?” the GEP might ask, “How does the increasing representation of women as authors of science fiction affect the treatment of medicine in the 1960s and beyond?”
research  systems  genre  complexity  literature  evolution  sci-fi  science  fiction 
may 2014 by zzkt
China's toxic air pollution resembles nuclear winter
China's toxic air pollution resembles nuclear winter, say scientists. Air pollution now impeding photosynthesis and potentially wreaking havoc on country's food supply
pollution  environment  photosynthesis  food  systems  china 
february 2014 by zzkt
Provenance and Trust
Provenance refers to the origins of objects. Software systems should generate provenance records for their results, containing assertions about the entities and activities involved in producing and delivering or otherwise influencing that object. By knowing the provenance of an object, we can for example make assessment about its validity and whether it can be trusted, we can decide how to integrate it with others, and can validate that it was generated according to specifications.
Provenance  trust  systems  science  Yolanda  Gil  traces 
january 2014 by zzkt
Distributed Autonomous Corporations
Distributed Autonomous Corporations (DACs) are a generalization of the concept of a crypto-currency where the currency is backed by the services its miners perform rather than a real-world commodity like gold, oil, or, ahem, thin air. If we can barter for goods and services, why can’t we back currencies with goods or services? DACs may be simultaneously viewed as crypto-currencies and unmanned businesses. As businesses, they perform services intended to be valuable to their customers. Such services might include money transmission (Bitcoin), asset trading (BitShares), domain name services (DomainShares), or a thousand other business models sure to emerge as people realize that DACs are not mere “altcoins”.
DAC  bitcoin  computation  distributed  systems 
november 2013 by zzkt
When does a physical system compute?
Computing is a high-level process of a physical system. Recent interest in non-standard computing systems, including quantum and biological computers, has brought this physical basis of computing to the forefront. There has been, however, no consensus on how to tell if a given physical system is acting as a computer or not; leading to confusion over novel computational devices, and even claims that every physical event is a computation. In this paper we introduce a formal framework that can be used to determine whether or not a physical system is performing a computation. We demonstrate how the abstract computational level interacts with the physical device level, drawing the comparison with the use of mathematical models to represent physical objects in experimental science. This powerful formulation allows a precise description of the similarities between experiments, computation, simulation, and technology.
arxiv  computation  unconventional  computing  physical  systems  computing 
october 2013 by zzkt
John Hagel: Getting Stronger through Stress
In thinking about system design, it’s important to avoid the temptation to develop detailed top down blueprints for systems. Taleb observes that “if about everything top-down fragilizes and blocks antifragility and growth, everything bottom-up thrives under the right amount of stress and disorder.” Nevertheless, there are certain design principles that emerge from Taleb’s work that can help reduce the fragility of the systems we design.
Taleb  Hagel  Black  Swan  Antifragility  system  thinking  design  adaptive  systems 
august 2013 by zzkt
Resiliency, Risk, and a Good Compass: Tools for the Coming Chaos
There are nine or so principles to work in a world like this:

Resilience instead of strength, which means you want to yield and allow failure and you bounce back instead of trying to resist failure.
You pull instead of push. That means you pull the resources from the network as you need them, as opposed to centrally stocking them and controlling them.
You want to take risk instead of focusing on safety.
You want to focus on the system instead of objects.
You want to have good compasses not maps.
You want to work on practice instead of theory. Because sometimes you don’t why it works, but what is important is that it is working, not that you have some theory around it.
It disobedience instead of compliance. You don’t get a Nobel Prize for doing what you are told. Too much of school is about obedience, we should really be celebrating disobedience.
It’s the crowd instead of experts.
It’s a focus on learning instead of education.
resilience  joi  ito  compass  systems  failure  principles  risk  education  learning  innovation 
september 2012 by zzkt
PILOT: A Step Toward Man-Computer Symbiosis
PILOT is a first step toward computer systems that will help man to formulate problems in the same way they now help him to solve them. Experience with it supports the claim that such "symbiotic systems" allow the programmer to attack and solve more difficult problems.
programming  lisp  pilot  AI  MIT  AITR  computing  systems 
august 2012 by zzkt
Twelve leverage points
The twelve leverage points to intervene in a system were proposed by Donella Meadows, a scientist and system analyst focused on environmental limits to economic growth. The leverage points, first published in 1997, were inspired by her attendance at a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) meeting in the early 1990s where she realized that a very large new system was being proposed but the mechanisms to manage it were ineffective. Meadows, who worked in the field of systems analysis, proposed a scale of places to intervene in a system. Awareness and manipulation of these levers is an aspect of self-organization and can lead to collective intelligence. Her observations are often cited in energy economics, green economics and human development theory.
resilience  resilients  ecology  leverage  12  leverage  points  limits  to  growth  analysis  systems-thinking  systems 
march 2012 by zzkt
There's no such thing as trash in Antarctica!
Here in Antarctica, there is no such thing as trash. There are no garbage dumps or trash cans or garbage haulers. The U.S. Antarctic program ships over 300 containers of waste back to the United States every year. Over 60% of that material is recycled. That's a better average than any city in the United States. Every bit of waste generated here is sorted and put into the proper bin so it can be recycled. Cans and bottles are easy, but plastic items can be confusing. Does a plastic food wrapper go in with plastic bottles or is that considered a burnable item? There are bins for construction debris, computer parts and batteries. At the end of every meal in the dining room, all McMurdo residents even sort out the paper napkins from the food scraps.
recycling  waste  antarctica  environment  process  trash  closed  systems 
november 2011 by zzkt
Programming in CellOS
An international team of synthetic biologists, led by professor of computer science Natalio Krasnogor at the University of Nottingham, hopes to change that by creating the first cell-based “operating system”. Krasnogor was quoted in a University of Nottingham press release as saying:

“We are looking at creating a cell’s equivalent to a computer operating system in such a way that a given group of cells could be seamlessly re-programmed to perform any function without needing to modify its hardware.  We are talking about a highly ambitious goal leading to a fundamental breakthrough that will, —ultimately, allow us to rapidly prototype, implement and deploy living entities that are completely new and do not appear in nature, adapting them so they perform new useful functions.”
cellos  programmable  matter  biology  syntheticbiology  tools  systems  programming 
november 2011 by zzkt
Systems Esthetics
In an advanced technological culture the most important artist best succeeds by liquidating his position as artist vis-a-vis society. Artistic nihilism established itself through this condition. At the outset the artist refused to participate in idealism through craft. "Craft-fetishism," as termed by the critic Christopher Caudwell, remains the basis of modern formalism. Instead the significant artist strives to reduce the technical and psychical distance between his artistic output and the productive means of society. Duchamp, Warhol, and Robert Morris are similarly directed in this respect. Gradually this strategy transforms artistic and technological decision-making into a single activity-at least it presents that alternative in inescapable terms. Scientists and technicians are not converted into "artists," rather the artist becomes a symptom of the schism between art and technics.
art  society  systems  aesthetics  ethestics  patterns  history 
october 2011 by zzkt
Falsehoods Programmers Believe About Names | Kalzumeus Software
So, as a public service, I’m going to list assumptions your systems probably make about names.  All of these assumptions are wrong.  Try to make less of them next time you write a system which touches names.
names  naming  nyms  nymwars  assumptions  programming  systems 
august 2011 by zzkt
Systems psychology
Systems psychology is a branch of applied psychology that studies human behaviour and experience in complex systems. It is inspired by systems theory and systems thinking, and based on the theoretical work of Roger Barker, Gregory Bateson, Humberto Maturana and others
wikipedia  psychology  systems  bateson  maturana  cybernetics  lirec 
may 2011 by zzkt
SBML Software Guide
This page lists software known to us to provide some degree of support for reading, writing, or otherwise working with SBML. For an at-a-glance matrix summarizing key features of these software packages, please see our SBML Software Matrix page.
SBML  software  systems  systems-biology 
march 2011 by zzkt
International Society for the Systems Sciences
The International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS) is among the first and oldest organizations devoted to interdisciplinary inquiry into the nature of complex systems, and remains perhaps the most broadly inclusive. The Society was initially conceived in 1954 at the Stanford Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences by Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Kenneth Boulding, Ralph Gerard, and Anatol Rapoport. In collaboration with James Grier Miller, it was formally established as an affiliate of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1956. Originally founded as the Society for General Systems Research, the society adopted its current name in 1988 to reflect its broadening scope.
ISSS  cybernetics  systems  systems-thinking  systems-science  organization 
september 2010 by zzkt

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