warrenellis + space   172

Found Objects: The Highdown Rocket Site IOW
"Under the instruction of architect John A. Strubbe, construction began in April 1956. The Needles Headland was transformed looking now like something out of Quatermass or James Bond."
space 
5 days ago by warrenellis
Could we live on Jupiter?
"The only thing that's lighter than hydrogen is hot hydrogen. Let's say you could make a balloon, and fill it with superheated hydrogen and float around the cloud tops of Jupiter suffering the crushing gravity. Is there anything else that might kill you?

"Did you leave Earth? Then of course there is. Everything is going to kill you, always. You might want to write that on the brass plaque next to your ship's wheel with the carving of Shiva in the center there, Captain Baron Cogsworth Copperglass."

phys.org getting snarky in its old age
space 
may 2015 by warrenellis
Multifractals suggest the existence of an unknown physical mechanism on the Sun
AN UNKNOWN PHYSICAL MECHANISM ON THE SUN

THEY WRITE THESE HEADLINES JUST FOR ME
space 
may 2015 by warrenellis
NuSTAR captures possible 'screams' from zombie stars
"Peering into the heart of the Milky Way galaxy, NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) has spotted a mysterious glow of high-energy X-rays that, according to scientists, could be the "howls" of dead stars as they feed on stellar companions."
space  doom 
may 2015 by warrenellis
Enormous hole in the universe may not be the only one
"Astronomers have found evidence of a giant void that could be the largest known structure in the universe. The "supervoid" solves a controversial cosmic puzzle: it explains the origin of a large and anomalously cold region of the sky. However, future observations are needed to confirm the discovery and determine whether the void is unique."

Ref. Laura Mersini-Houghton's multiversal impact theory
space 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Search for advanced civilizations beyond Earth finds nothing obvious in 100,000 galaxies
"After searching 100,000 galaxies for signs of highly advanced extraterrestrial life, a team of scientists using observations from NASA's WISE orbiting observatory has found no evidence of advanced civilizations in them. "The idea behind our research is that, if an entire galaxy had been colonized by an advanced spacefaring civilization, the energy produced by that civilization's technologies would be detectable in mid-infrared wavelengths—exactly the radiation that the WISE satellite was designed to detect for other astronomical purposes," said Jason T. Wright, an assistant professor of astronomy and astrophysics at the Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds at Penn State University, who conceived of and initiated the research."

#colduncaringvoid
space 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Russia to build own space station by 2023, says Putin
"Russia plans to build its own orbiting space station by 2023, President Vladimir Putin said Thursday during a marathon call-in session with the nation. "By 2023, we plan to create our own national space station in orbit," Putin said. "This is something far-off in the future, but also necessary for us from the point of view of our national economy.""

(Bullshit.)
space 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Sun experiences seasonal changes, new research finds
"The Sun undergoes a type of seasonal variability with its activity waxing and waning over the course of nearly two years, according to a new study by a team of researchers led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). This behavior affects the peaks and valleys in the approximately 11-year solar cycle, sometimes amplifying and sometimes weakening the solar storms that can buffet Earth's atmosphere."
space 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Russia 'busts satellite spy ring': space commander
""Very recently, specialists of the department of space intelligence centre uncovered a newly created group of space satellites... made for radio-technical reconnaissance of equipment on Russian territory," said the commander of Russian Space Command, Oleg Maidanovich."
space  war  pol 
april 2015 by warrenellis
What Are the Colors of Alien Life? - The New Yorker
"Rothschild has been collaborating with a team of undergraduates from Stanford and Brown to engineer an artificial extremophile called Hell Cell; the project, or one like it, may free future astronomers from their terracentricity by giving them access to the biosignatures of speculative, synthetic life-forms. "

HELL CELL
sci  space  bio 
april 2015 by warrenellis
The corrugated galaxy: Milky Way may be much larger than previously estimated
"The Milky Way galaxy is at least 50 percent larger than is commonly estimated, according to new findings that reveal that the galactic disk is contoured into several concentric ripples."
space 
march 2015 by warrenellis
Astronomers find unexpected 'storm' at galaxy's core
"It appears that a supermassive black hole is explosively heating and blasting around the gas in this galaxy and, as a result, is transforming it from an actively star-forming galaxy into one devoid of gas that can no longer form stars,"
space 
february 2015 by warrenellis
No Big Bang? Quantum equation predicts universe has no beginning
"The universe may have existed forever, according to a new model that applies quantum correction terms to complement Einstein's theory of general relativity. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once."
space 
february 2015 by warrenellis
Black holes do not exist where space and time do not exist, says new theory
"In gravity's rainbow, space does not exist below a certain minimum length, and time does not exist below a certain minimum time interval," Ali, a physicist at the Zewail City of Science and Technology and Benha University, both in Egypt, told Phys.org. "So, all objects existing in space and occurring at a time do not exist below that length and time interval [which are associated with the Planck scale]. As the event horizon is a place in space which exists at a point in time, it also does not exist below that scale."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
In theory, the Milky Way could be a 'galactic transport system'
"Obviously we're not claiming that our galaxy is definitely a wormhole, but simply that, according to theoretical models, this hypothesis is a possibility"
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Vega ready to launch spaceplane / Launchers / Our Activities / ESA
"On its first launch of the year, Europe’s Vega rocket will loft ESA’s unmanned spaceplane to test reentry technologies for future vehicles."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Galactic 'hailstorm' in the early universe
"Using a combination of data gathered from powerful radio telescopes and supercomputer simulations, the teams found that a quasar spits out cold gas at speeds up to 2000 kilometres per second, and across distances of nearly 200,000 light years - much farther than has been observed before."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
All Dressed Up For Mars and Nowhere to Go — Matter — Medium
"...from everything I can find, Mars One doesn’t appear to be in any way qualified to carry off the biggest, most complex, most audacious, and most dangerous exploration mission in all of human history. That they don’t have the money to do it. That 200,000 people didn’t actually apply. That, with all the good faith one can muster, I wouldn’t classify it exactly as a scam—but that it seems to be, at best, an amazingly hubristic fantasy: an absolute faith in the free market, in technology, in the media, in money, to be able to somehow, magically, do what thousands of highly qualified people in government agencies have so far not yet been able to do over decades of diligently trying, making slow headway through individually hard-won breakthroughs, working in relative anonymity pursuing their life’s work."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
New Parallel Universe Theory - Business Insider
"If it holds true for our actual universe, then the big bang could no longer be considered a cosmic beginning but rather only a phase in an effectively timeless and eternal universe. More prosaically, a two-branched arrow of time would lead to curious incongruities for observers on opposite sides. “This two-futures situation would exhibit a single, chaotic past in both directions, meaning that there would be essentially two universes, one on either side of this central state,” Barbour says. “If they were complicated enough, both sides could sustain observers who would perceive time going in opposite directions. Any intelligent beings there would define their arrow of time as moving away from this central state. They would think we now live in their deepest past.”"
time  space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
The Search for Starivores, Intelligent Life that Could Eat the Sun | Motherboard
"what astronomers may have taken to be two massive balls of plasma locked in a gravitational embrace could actually be a very large, very hungry civilization devouring a hapless star."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Hubble discovers that Milky Way core drives wind at 2 million miles per hour
"At a time when our earliest human ancestors had recently mastered walking upright, the heart of our Milky Way galaxy underwent a titanic eruption, driving gases and other material outward at 2 million miles per hour.

"Now, at least 2 million years later, astronomers are witnessing the aftermath of the explosion: billowing clouds of gas towering about 30,000 light-years above and below the plane of our galaxy."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Oceans on a Larger ‘Earth’
"Planets two to four times Earth’s mass turn out to be better at maintaining their oceans than Earth itself. Super-Earth oceans can persist for ten billion years unless destroyed by a red giant primary star as it nears the end of its life. The largest planet in these simulations — five times Earth’s mass — took a billion years to develop its ocean in the first place, however, the result of a thicker crust and lithosphere and the resultant delay in volcanic outgassing."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Before explosion, NASA knew aging Soviet engines could crack and leak fuel
"Years before an unmanned rocket erupted in a fireball in October, NASA officials knew the metal in its 50-year-old Soviet-made engines could crack, causing fuel to leak and ignite, government documents show."
space 
january 2015 by warrenellis
NASA considers possibilities for manned mission to Venus
"NASA's Systems Analysis and Concepts Directorate has issued a report outlining a possible way for humans to visit Venus, rather than Mars—by hovering in the atmosphere instead of landing on the surface. The hovering vehicle, which they call a High Altitude Venus Operational Concept (HAVOC), "

HAVOC

!!!
space 
december 2014 by warrenellis
Complex life may be possible in only 10% of all galaxies | Science/AAAS | News
"The universe may be a lonelier place than previously thought. Of the estimated 100 billion galaxies in the observable universe, only one in 10 can support complex life like that on Earth, a pair of astrophysicists argues. Everywhere else, stellar explosions known as gamma ray bursts would regularly wipe out any life forms more elaborate than microbes. The detonations also kept the universe lifeless for billions of years after the big bang, the researchers say."
space  extinction 
november 2014 by warrenellis
Spooky alignment of quasar axes across billions of light-years with large-scale structure | KurzweilAI
New observations with ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile have revealed alignments over the largest structures ever discovered in the Universe. A European research team has found that the rotation axes of the central supermassive black holes in a sample of quasars are parallel to each other over distances of billions of light-years. The team has also found that the rotation axes of these quasars tend to be aligned with the vast structures in the cosmic web in which they reside.
space  spooky 
november 2014 by warrenellis
Synthetic biology could be big boost to interplanetary space travel
In the cover story of today's issue of the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, four bioengineers describe how synthetic biology – what some have termed "genetic engineering on steroids" – could allow space travelers to use microbes to produce their own fuel, food, medicines and building materials from raw feedstocks readily available on Mars or the moon, instead of carrying all supplies aboard the spacecraft or making them at the destination with conventional non-biological methods.
sci  bio  space 
november 2014 by warrenellis
Scientists build first map of hidden universe
"A team led by astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy has created the first three-dimensional map of the 'adolescent' Universe, just 3 billion years after the Big Bang. This map, built from data collected from the W. M. Keck Observatory, is millions of light-years across and provides a tantalizing glimpse of large structures in the 'cosmic web' – the backbone of cosmic structure."
space 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Hubble maps temperature, water vapor on wild exoplanet
"the planet, called WASP-43b, is no place to call home. It's a world of extremes, where winds howl at the speed of sound from a 3,000-degree-Fahrenheit dayside to a pitch-black nightside when temperatures plunge to a relatively cool 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit, still hot enough to melt silver."
space 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Researcher studies possibility of metal snow on Venus
"My dissertation is focusing on metal condensates in planetary atmospheres," said Kohler, who is the only student in the Space and Planetary Sciences Center currently researching Venus. "I have been primarily looking at the stability of materials on Venus and determining what can exist at certain altitudes. I'm finding that there are different forms of iron compounds or mercury compounds that can exist at these conditions."

METAL SNOW
space 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Hugh Everett: The man who gave us the multiverse - physics-math - 25 September 2014 - New Scientist
"Hugh Everett's many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics arose from what must have been the most world-changing drinking session of all time. One evening in 1954, in a student hall at Princeton University, grad student Everett was drinking sherry with his friends when he came up with the idea that quantum effects cause the universe to constantly split."
sci  space 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Cassini watches mysterious feature evolve in Titan sea
"NASA's Cassini spacecraft is monitoring the evolution of a mysterious feature in a large hydrocarbon sea on Saturn's moon Titan. The feature covers an area of about 100 square miles (260 square kilometers) in Ligeia Mare, one of the largest seas on Titan. It has now been observed twice by Cassini's radar experiment, but its appearance changed between the two apparitions."
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Researcher shows that black holes do not exist
"But now Mersini-Houghton describes an entirely new scenario. She and Hawking both agree that as a star collapses under its own gravity, it produces Hawking radiation. However, in her new work, Mersini-Houghton shows that by giving off this radiation, the star also sheds mass. So much so that as it shrinks it no longer has the density to become a black hole."

Mersini-Houghton is a wild mind, and note this isn't peer-reviewed -- but if you're reading this, understand that I file mad ideas as research material, not post them as news
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
MIT School of Science
MIT NEWS OFFICE, Particle detector finds hints of dark matter in space, Sep 18, 2014
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Jellyfish flames on the ISS
"Unlike flames on Earth, which have a tear-drop shape caused by buoyant air rising in a gravitational field, flames in space curl themselves into tiny balls. Untethered by gravity, they flit around as if they have minds of their own. More than one astronaut conducting experiments for researchers on Earth below has been struck by the way flameballs roam their test chambers in a lifelike search for oxygen and fuel." [video]
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Europe readies 'space plane' for sub-orbital test flight
"Assembled in Italy, the Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV) is undergoing final ground tests at the ESA's headquarters in Noordwijk, north of The Hague, before being shipped to Kourou in French Guiana later this month."
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Interactive dark matter could explain Milky Way's missing satellite galaxies
"Scientists think clumps of dark matter – or halos – that emerged from the early Universe, trapped the intergalactic gas needed to form stars and galaxies."
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Japan space agency unveils asteroid hunting probe
"When it gets there, some time in 2018, it will release a powerful cannon which will fire a metal bullet at the asteroid's barren crust, once the probe itself has scuttled to safety on the far side of the rock."
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Plate tectonics found on Europa : Nature News & Comment
"...there may be giant plates of ice shuffling around on Europa — much as plates of rock do on Earth (S. A. Kattenhorn and L. M. Prockter Nature Geosci. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2245; 2014). Such active geology suggests that Europa’s icy surface is connected to its buried ocean — creating a possible pathway for salts, minerals and maybe even microbes to get from the ocean to the surface and back again."
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Sticky end for sex geckos sent into space by Russia
Five geckos sent into orbit to test the effect of weightlessness on the small lizards' sex lives have all died, the Russian space agency said on Monday.
space 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Leading expert on search for intelligent extra-terrestrial life optimistic
"The Fermi Paradox is a big extrapolation from a very local observation. We don't see any obvious evidence of galactic colonisation around here. So they couldn't be out there. Really? I don't see any evidence of mega fauna in my back yard, so maybe there aren't any …"

Interview that removes much of my last hope that SETI will prove to be of any use to anyone. Extant megafauna includes cows, probably not far from your own back yard, and evidencing themselves in your diet. Pleistocene megafauna are extinct, which, in your metaphor, DOES speak to Fermi -- you can't see them in your fucking back yard because they all died before you started looking.
space  seti 
september 2014 by warrenellis
How can we find tiny particles in exoplanet atmospheres?
"It may seem like magic, but astronomers have worked out a scheme that will allow them to detect and measure particles ten times smaller than the width of a human hair, even at many light-years distance.  They can do this by observing a blue tint in the light from far-off objects caused by the way in which small particles, no more than a micron in size (one-thousandth of a millimeter) scatter light."
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Evidence for supernovas near Earth
"It seems obvious that you wouldn't want a supernova exploding near Earth. Yet there is growing evidence that one did—actually, more than one. About 10 million years ago, a nearby cluster of supernovas went off like popcorn. We know because the explosions blew an enormous bubble in the interstellar medium, and we're inside it.

"Astronomers call it "the Local Bubble." It is peanut-shaped, about 300 light years long, and filled with almost nothing. Gas inside the bubble is very thin (0.001 atoms per cubic centimeter) and very hot (roughly a million degrees)—a sharp departure from ordinary interstellar material."
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
The star that exploded at the dawn of time | Science/AAAS | News
"An ancient star a mere thousand light-years from Earth bears chemical elements that may have been forged by the death of a star that was both extremely massive and one of the first to arise after the big bang. If confirmed, the finding means that some of the universe’s first stars were so massive they died in exceptionally violent explosions that altered the growth of early galaxies."
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Measurement Data from HEAT-2X Static Test | Copenhagen Suborbitals
¨The large red circle indicates the situation around the engine compartment at about T+8s. It is precisely at this point the data transmission from the engine controller ceases, which seems reasonable. The smaller circle represents the burning gases blowing out through the approx. 1 cm large gap between the concrete blocks. This is the side were many of the network and power cables were going and they burned at several places.¨
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Super-black nano-coating to be tested for the first time in space
"An emerging super-black nanotechnology that promises to make spacecraft instruments more sensitive without enlarging their size will be tested for the first time on the International Space Station within a year."

SUPER-BLACK
nano  space  tech 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Life in space? Sea plankton discovered attached to ISS outer hull — RT News
"Russian scientists say they made a “unique” discovery while analyzing samples from the exterior of the International Space Station – traces of tiny sea creatures on the station’s windows and walls. It remains unclear how marine plankton ended up in space."
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Life on Mars? Implications of a newly discovered mineral-rich structure
"A new ovoid structure discovered in the Nakhla Martian meteorite is made of nanocrystalline iron-rich clay, contains a variety of minerals, and shows evidence of undergoing a past shock event from impact, with resulting melting of the permafrost and mixing of surface and subsurface fluids. Based on the results of a broad range of analytical studies to determine the origin of this new structure, scientists present the competing hypotheses for how this ovoid formed, point to the most likely conclusion, and discuss how these findings impact the field of astrobiology"
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Astronomers discover Thorne-Zytkow hybrid star for first time | Descrier News
"Thorne-Żytkow objects (TZOs) are believed to be formed when a red supergiant star begins to swallow a neutron star, which spirals towards the red supergiant’s core, interrupting its ongoing fusion process."
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Nasa validates 'impossible' space drive (Wired UK)
"The drive's inventor, Guido Fetta calls it the "Cannae Drive", which he explains as a reference to the Battle of Cannae in which Hannibal decisively defeated a much stronger Roman army: you're at your best when you are in a tight corner. However, it's hard not to suspect that Star Trek's Engineer Scott -- "I cannae change the laws of physics" -- might also be an influence. (It was formerly known as the Q-Drive.)"
space 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Sprites: A Chip-Sized Spacecraft Solution
"Peck’s work at Cornell’s Space Systems Design Studio has led to the development of Sprites, fully functional spacecraft each weighing less than a penny. You can think of a Sprite as a spacecraft on a chip without any constraints from onboard fuel."
space 
july 2014 by warrenellis
A Manifesto for Expansion
"The interstellar advocacy is not yet taken seriously by the opinion leaders of any nation, and has yet to win support from any government. That advocacy might do well to reflect on the history of the successful spaceflight advocacy, which took decades to sell its ideas, and only won success in stages."
space 
july 2014 by warrenellis
Stars as Stellar Engines
"a modified Shkadov thruster, a way of moving entire stars that the physicist Leonid Shkadov first described in 1987. In both cases, we’re talking about what can be called ‘stellar engines’ that use the resources of the star itself to create their propulsion. Would such a vast structure be detectible by another civilization?"
space 
june 2014 by warrenellis
Deep Time: Targeting Another Galaxy
"The numbers get more and more mind-boggling as you continue to work the equations. With that same 1 g acceleration (and just how you achieve that is of course the grand question), you can make it all the way to the center of the Milky Way in about 21 years — tens of thousands of years would have passed on Earth by the time you arrived at the galactic core. Or go for the ultimate journey: A voyage to the Andromeda galaxy. To reach M31 in a ship of this sort would take 28 years ship-time as you nudged ever closer, but never reached, the speed of light."
space 
june 2014 by warrenellis
NASA wants to send a quadcopter drone to Titan | sUAS News
"NASA wants to search Saturn’s moon Titan for life but they’re having trouble coming up with a good way to cover a large territory and obtain samples. Now they think they may have a good solution: A 22-pound quadcopter that will work from a mothership."
space  drones 
june 2014 by warrenellis
A View of the Deepest Future
"How far can biological Life extend into the Long Dark? A study by Robin Spivey extends Life’s tenure, in neutrino-annihilation warmed Ocean Planets, to 1025 years – and Beyond. That’s 100 times longer than the 1023 years we’ve reported here previously and some 1,000 trillion times longer than the time the Universe has presently existed. If the current Age of the Universe was a clock tick – a second -, then those 1025 years would be 20 million years."
space 
june 2014 by warrenellis
We could travel to new worlds in NASA's starship Enterprise | The Verge
"Rademaker worked together with NASA's Dr. Harold White to produce visual concepts for the craft. White and his team at NASA are hoping to make "faster-than-light" travel possible with Alcubierre drives. The drives, named for physicist Miguel Alcubierre, theoretically work by distorting space-time. By expanding the space behind a ship and contracting the space in front of it, the IXS Enterprise could drastically speed up our space travel potential, making the 4.3 light-year journey to Alpha Centauri in around two weeks."
space  design+fiction 
june 2014 by warrenellis
A Glassy Sea on Titan
"The second largest sea on Titan is Ligeia Mare, made up of methane and ethane in a body of liquid that is larger than Lake Superior. Now we have word that the surface of Ligeia Mare is so utterly still that it would appear like glass. "
space 
march 2014 by warrenellis
Extraterrestrial Dispersal Vectors
"A recent paper on Superhabitable Worlds [2] has suggested that there may be planets or planetary systems more clement to life than the environment of Earth. This implies the possibility that, although Earth looks like a unique oasis in the darkness of space, it may represent a cosmic region of sub-optimal habitability"
space 
february 2014 by warrenellis
Project "Outernet" looking to bring free Internet to entire world
"A small team of workers at a New York based non-profit organization called Media Development Investment Fund (MDIF) has announced its intention to build an "Outernet"—a global network of cube satellites broadcasting Internet data to virtually any person on the planet—for free. The idea, the MDIF website says, is to offer free Internet access to all people, regardless of location, bypassing filtering or other means of censorship."
comms  space  net 
february 2014 by warrenellis
Cosmology in ghost-free bigravity theory with twin matter fluids: The origin of "dark matter" [CL] | arXiver
"We study dynamics of Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) spacetime based on the ghost-free bigravity theory. Assuming the coupling parameters guaranteeing the existence of de Sitter space as well as Minkowski spacetime, we find two stable attractors for spacetime with “twin” dust matter fields: One is de Sitter accelerating universe and the other is matter dominated universe. Although a considerable number of initial data leads to de Sitter universe, we also find matter dominated universe or spacetime with a future singularity for some initial data. The cosmic no-hair conjecture does not exactly hold..." Science writing as demented poetry. My favourite.
sci  space 
december 2013 by warrenellis
We may all be Martians: New research supports theory that life started on Mars
New evidence has emerged which supports the long-debated theory that life on Earth may have started on Mars.
space 
august 2013 by warrenellis
[1111.6131] The Fermi Paradox, Self-Replicating Probes, and the Interstellar Transportation Bandwidth
"We also consider several other models that seek to explain the Fermi Paradox, most notably percolation theory and two societal-collapse theories. In the former case, we find that it imposes unnatural assumptions which likely render it unrealistic. In the latter case, we present a new theory of interstellar transportation bandwidth which calls into question the validity of societal-collapse theories."
space 
may 2013 by warrenellis
Astronomers conduct first remote reconnaissance of another solar system
"The results are "quite strange," Oppenheimer said. "These warm, red planets are unlike any other known object in our universe. All four planets have different spectra, and all four are peculiar. The theorists have a lot of work to do now.""
space 
march 2013 by warrenellis
Team discovers adaptations to explain strategies for survival on Mars
"Research from the University of Maryland School of Medicine has revealed key features in proteins needed for life to function on Mars and other extreme environments."
space 
march 2013 by warrenellis
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