warrenellis + history   155

Where bread began: Ancient tools used to reconstruct—and taste—prehistoric cuisine
"Using 12,500-year-old conical mortars carved into bedrock, they reconstructed how their ancient ancestors processed wild barley to produce groat meals, as well as a delicacy that might be termed "proto-pita" - small loaves of coal-baked, unleavened bread. In so doing, they re-enacted a critical moment in the rise of civilization: the emergence of wild-grain-based nutrition, some 2,000 to 3,000 years before our hunter-gatherer forebears would establish the sedentary farming communities which were the hallmark of the "Neolithic Revolution"."
food  history 
2 days ago by warrenellis
UK marine researchers receive 'oldest message in a bottle'
"Tossed into the North Sea sometime between 1904 and 1906, the bottle washed up on the beach on the German island of Amrum, and was found by a couple in April. Inside they found a postcard asking that it be sent to the Marine Biological Association of the U.K.—which they did."
history 
4 days ago by warrenellis
Untouched cave to provide clues to Black Hills history
"On Monday, a team of scientists led by East Tennessee State University professor Jim Mead will begin unearthing the entrance of the cave, hauling out bags of sediment and animal bones to be carefully analyzed. They have already found bones dating back nearly 11,000 years and the remains of at least three species that hadn't been found in the region before—the pika, pine marten and platygonus, an extinct relative of the modern-day peccary."

"Persistence Cave"
history  geo 
11 weeks ago by warrenellis
Research challenges the view that Neolithic societies were egalitarian
"The data obtained by Teresa Fernández-Crespo in seven megalithic graves in La Rioja and Araba-Álava suggest that certain individuals were excluded from burial on the basis of "criteria relating to age and possibly sex". So the existence of a funerary recruitment system that marginalised a considerable proportion of the population, according to the UPV/EHU researcher, could be pointing to the fact that the collective use of a shared burial area, which has often been understood as an egalitarian sign of megalithic societies, could in actual fact be masking the privileges of communities that were starting to become hierarchized."
history 
may 2015 by warrenellis
Group wants to bring back Native Hawaiian burial traditions
"Traditional "clean burials" involve cleansing the deceased by fire in a pit and then compressing the skeletal remains, wrapping them in a cloth woven from trees, and burying them in a basket."
history  death 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Neanderthals manipulated the bodies of adults and children shortly after death
"Neanderthals from the French region of Poitou-Charentes cut, beat and fractured the bones of their recently deceased companions, as revealed by the fossil remains of two adults and a child found at the Marillac site. These manipulations have been observed at other Neanderthal sites, but scientists still do not know whether they did this for food or ceremony."
history 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Did Richard III manage to keep his scoliosis a secret up until his death in 1485?
"In a new study published in Medical Humanities this month (April), Dr Mary Ann Lund, of the University of Leicester's School of English, argues that as with all monarchs Richard's body image in life was carefully controlled and he probably kept any signs of his scoliosis hidden outside of the royal household - up until his death."
history 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Abandoned Rails: Home
"Thousands of miles of railroads have been abandoned in the United States, much of it in the last 40 years. All of these abandoned railways have a history and a story. This web site is dedicated to the preservation of the history of each of these former railroad lines and the companies that operated them."
history 
april 2015 by warrenellis
Inspired By Monks, A Writer Embraces His Life Of Solitude : NPR
"Brother Fenton, after whom I was named, brought his fruitcake recipe to the monastery, partly as a way of getting lots of whiskey into the monastery. He devised a recipe that had a lot of whiskey in it."
history  writing 
march 2015 by warrenellis
The Collection and the Cloud – The New Inquiry
"The concept of a “dark age” implies that there is a singular body of canonical knowledge worth preserving, evoking an idea of erasure from history that’s familiar to anyone else besides a distinguished white man accustomed to historical centrality. For everyone else, erasure from history is political struggle. Even today, women, people of color, transgender and disabled people, sex workers, care workers are all struggling to have their stories told and represented fairly. Any discussion of internet archiving has to, at some point, confront this problem: How do we talk about the politics of cultural records? If we cannot preserve everything, who defines what is worth saving?"
pol  tech  web  history  social 
march 2015 by warrenellis
LiveLeak.com - Russia:EXCLUSIVE - Drone captures Tesla Tower - the Soviet era “lightning machine”
Normally hidden from prying eyes, Ruptly was allowed take exclusive drone footage of the stunning 'Tesla Tower' in the Moscow region, Wednesday. The vast research site is home to general enormous voltage impulse generators that potentially have the capacity to equal Russia's entire electricity output
video  tech  history 
february 2015 by warrenellis
New tattoos discovered on Oetzi mummy
"The newly discovered tattoos on the ribcage have now reopened the debate about the role of tattoos in prehistoric times. This investigation has given researchers a new piece to add to the jigsaw puzzle when trying to tease out whether prehistoric tattoos had a therapeutic, symbolic or religious significance."
history  tattoos  bodymod 
january 2015 by warrenellis
The Doves Type Revival | The Casual Optimist
"Between August 1916 and January 1917 Cobden-Sanderson, a printer and bookbinder, dropped more than a tonne of metal printing type from the west side of the bridge. He made around 170 trips in all from his bindery beside the pub, a distance of about half a mile, and always after dusk. At the start he hurled whole pages of type into the river; later he threw it like bird seed from his pockets. Then he found a small wooden box with a sliding lid, for which he made a handle out of tape—perfect for sprinkling the pieces into the water, and not too suspicious to bystanders."
printing  history  crime  weird 
january 2015 by warrenellis
55,000-year-old skull links modern man in vicinity of Neanderthals
"Characteristics of a partial skull recently discovered in Manot Cave in Israel's West Galilee provide the earliest evidence that modern humans co-inhabited the area with Neanderthals and could have met and interbred 55,000 years ago."
history 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Ancient Sea Rise Tale Told Accurately for 10,000 Years - Scientific American
"Without using written languages, Australian tribes passed memories of life before, and during, post-glacial shoreline inundations through hundreds of generations as high-fidelity oral history. Some tribes can still point to islands that no longer exist—and provide their original names."
history 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Long-necked 'dragon' discovered in China
"Qijianglong (pronounced "CHI-jyang-lon") is about 15 metres in length and lived about 160 million years ago in the Late Jurassic. The name means "dragon of Qijiang," for its discovery near Qijiang City, close to Chongqing. The fossil site was found by construction workers in 2006, and the digging eventually hit a series of large neck vertebrae stretched out in the ground. Incredibly, the head of the dinosaur was still attached. "It is rare to find a head and neck of a long-necked dinosaur together because the head is so small and easily detached after the animal dies," explains Miyashita."
history 
january 2015 by warrenellis
A Visit to Pendle Hill – Hybridity Tales (Part 1)
"When the old witch had been sent to Lancaster, a grand convocation of seventeen witches and three wizards was held at Malkin Tower on Good Friday, at which it was determined to kill Mr. M’Covell, the governor of the castle, and blow up the building, to enable the witches to make their escape."
history 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Would You Like Some History With Your News? - ReadWrite
"Timeline was born out of personal frustration with the lack of historic and geographic context in current affairs: so much sensationalism couple with almost no depth," CEO Tamer Hassanein said in a press release.
apps  news  history 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Study casts doubt on mammoth-killing cosmic impact
"Rock soil droplets formed by heating most likely came from Stone Age house fires and not from a disastrous cosmic impact 12,900 years ago, according to new research from the University of California, Davis. The study, of soil from Syria, is the latest to discredit the controversial theory that a cosmic impact triggered the Younger Dryas cold period."
history 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Intensive agriculture may have exacerbated drought in ancient Maya city
"The ancient Maya city of Tikal may have used intensive agricultural practices to maintain its large population, according to a study by David Lentz of the University of Cincinnati and colleagues. While these practices enabled sustainable population growth for some time, they may eventually have exacerbated a drought that caused the abandonment of the city."
history 
january 2015 by warrenellis
Scientists discover oldest stone tool ever found in Turkey
"Scientists have discovered the oldest recorded stone tool ever to be found in Turkey, revealing that humans passed through the gateway from Asia to Europe much earlier than previously thought, approximately 1.2 million years ago."
history 
december 2014 by warrenellis
Ancient New Zealand 'Dawn Whale' identified
"The two whales, which lived between 27-25 million years ago, were preserved in a rock formation near Duntroon in North Otago. At that time the continent of Zealandia was largely or completely under water and the whales were deposited on a continental shelf that was perhaps between 50 to 100 metres deep."
history 
november 2014 by warrenellis
Has one of Harald Bluetooth's fortresses come to light?
"When the discovery was published back in September, we were certain that we had found a Viking ring fortress, but since then there have been intense discussions online and amongst archaeologists about whether we were right. Now we know without doubt that we have found a fortress from the 10th century," says archaeologist Nanna Holm, curator of the Danish Castle Centre.
history 
november 2014 by warrenellis
World's oldest weather report could alter Egyptian history - Futurity
The stela’s text describes the “sky being in storm” with “a tempest of rain” for a period of days. The passages also describe bodies floating down the Nile like “skiffs of papyrus.”
history  extinction 
november 2014 by warrenellis
What would the tube map look like if it ONLY contained ghost stations? - Us Vs Th3m
"Ghost stations is the usual English translation for the German word Geisterbahnhöfe. This term was used to describe certain stations on Berlin’s U-Bahn and S-Bahn metro networks that were closed during the period of Berlin’s division during the Cold War. Since then, the term has come to be used to describe any disused station on an underground railway line, especially those actively passed through by passenger trains."
history  architecture  hauntology  maps 
november 2014 by warrenellis
Seikilos Epitaph - Song of Seikilos - YouTube
The Seikilos epitaph is the oldest surviving example of a complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world. The song, the melody of which is recorded, alongside its lyrics, in the ancient Greek musical notation, was found engraved on a tombstone, near Aidin, Turkey (not far from Ephesus). The find has been dated variously from around 200 BC to around AD 100.
history  music 
november 2014 by warrenellis
Timescape 1200AD
To argue that the 13th century brings us to the threshold of the modern world might seem strange at first, but let’s imagine the economic world of Africa and Eurasia and think back a mere few hundred years.
maps  history 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Archeologists unearth 3,300 year old complex in Israel
"Initial examination of the ruins suggests the site was an ancient cult complex—a rather large one at that with side walls measuring up to 52x52 feet. Thus far archeologists have uncovered mask fragments (parts that covered the nose), connected cups (their purpose has yet to be discovered), scarabs (stone representations of the beetle typically used as an amulet) and very large vessels known as pithoi."
history  cult 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Father of philosophy comes under forensic scrutiny
""Biographers have not described such symptoms in Rene Descartes, apart from one possible isolated episode of migraine with aura on the night of November 10 1619," characterised by sudden visual and auditory hallucinations, the letter in The Lancet said."
history  visions  neuro 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Mapping the Republic of Letters
"Before email, faculty meetings, international colloquia, and professional associations, the world of scholarship relied on its own networks: networks of correspondence that stretched across countries and continents; the social networks created by scientific academies; and the physical networks brought about by travel. These networks were the lifelines of learning, from the age of Erasmus to the age of Franklin. They facilitated the dissemination&emdash;and the criticism&emdash;of ideas, the spread of political news, as well as the circulation of people and objects."
history  net 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Ello | m1k3y - eXtinction Files: Humanity
"The study suggests that at one point there may have been only 2,000 individuals alive as our species teetered on the brink."
history  doom  extinction 
october 2014 by warrenellis
Innovative Stone Age tools were not African invention, research says
""The discovery of thousands of stone artefacts preserved at this unique site provides a major new insight into how Stone Age tools developed during a period of profound human behavioural and biological change", said Dr Blockley. "The people who lived there 325,000 years ago were much more innovative than previously thought, using a combination of two different technologies to make tools that were extremely important for the mobile hunter-gatherers of the time."
history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
7,000 years older than Stonehenge: the site that stunned archaeologists | Science | The Guardian
"As a child, Klaus Schmidt used to grub around in caves in his native Germany in the hope of finding prehistoric paintings. Thirty years later, a member of the German Archaeological Institute, he found something infinitely more important: a temple complex almost twice as old as anything comparable on the planet."
history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Route Master: A Biography of the London Map | Speedbird
"I very much doubt that there is a city on the face of this Earth better mapped, over a longer period of time — nor more potently associated with the image of the map, as cultural and practical artifact — than London."
cities  maps  history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
New digital map reveals stunning hidden archaeology of Stonehenge
"A host of previously unknown archaeological monuments have been discovered around Stonehenge as part of an unprecedented digital mapping project that will transform our knowledge of this iconic landscape – including remarkable new findings on the world's largest 'super henge', Durrington Walls."
history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Albrecht Dürer, Apocalyptic Self-Publishing Pioneer
"Familiar are Albrecht Dürer’s “Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse” (c.1497–98) — pestilence, war, famine, and death charging down on the bewildered masses, all cross-hatched in a meticulously detailed woodcut. Less known is that this illustrated 15th century Book of Revelation was self-published by a 27-year-old who saw the potential for the developing book market."
publishing  history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Enigmatic Viking fortress discovered in Denmark
"By measuring small variation in the earth's magnetism we can identify old pits or features without destroying anything. In this way we achieved an amazingly detailed 'ghost image' of the fortress in a few days"
history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Scarlet Imprint: Babalon - Embodiment of Mystery
"Her lovers include gods, men, women, beasts; thus in her love-making she: shatters the boundaries that differentiate the species, those between divine and human, divine and animal, human and animal.[4]How revealing it is when Gilgamesh rejects her that he lists her past conquests and the fates they suffered,[5]and with harsh disapproval rebukes her:

"And what will happen to me when your heart turns elsewhere and your lust burns out? […]Which of your husbands did you love forever? Which could satisfy your endless desires?

"Her desire for power seems never to be sated by the slaking of her desire nor attainment of power: there is always a conquest beyond."
magic  myth  history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Archaeologists Confirm That Stonehenge Was Once A Complete Circle
"Now, thanks to a dry summer and a watering hose that was too short, the answer has unexpectedly emerged in the form of ghostly outlines — patches of parched grass where the megaliths once lay. Usually, the ground around the ancient structure is watered by stewards, but this year their hose was too short to reach the entire site. Quite by chance, the incomplete section of the inner stone circle was left to dry out."
history 
september 2014 by warrenellis
Ancient metal workers were not slaves but highly regarded craftsmen
"The result of this analysis, published in the journal Antiquity, indicates that the laborers operating the furnaces were in fact skilled craftsmen who enjoyed high social status and adulation. They believe their discovery may have ramifications for similar sites across the region"
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
New Evidence Suggests The Arctic's First Settlers Died In Isolation
"...the Dorset, the last vestige of Paleo-Eskimo culture, disappeared roughly 700 years ago in the span of a few decades. This, after inhabiting the region successfully for some 4,000 years."
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
What Lies Beneath Stonehenge? | History | Smithsonian
"the researchers have found buried evidence of more than 15 previously unknown or poorly understood late Neolithic monuments: henges, barrows, segmented ditches, pits. To Gaffney, these findings suggest a scale of activity around Stonehenge far beyond what was previously suspected. “There was sort of this idea that Stonehenge sat in the middle and around it was effectively an area where people were probably excluded,” Gaffney told me, “a ring of the dead around a special area—to which few people might ever have been admitted...."
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Stone-tipped spears lethal, may indicate early cognitive and social skills
"The authors also posit that the manufacture of the stone-tipped spears may represent the origin of new cognitive and social development in our human ancestors. Working memory (the ability to hold attention to multiple tasks in order to collect, prepare and combine different kinds of raw materials into a weapon), and constructive memory (the ability to imagine and plan for future tasks), were mental capacities required for tipped spear construction. In addition, since a stone-tipped spear is a skill likely to have been learned by being passed from generation to generation through social or group learning, stone-tipped technology is evidence of the evolutionary impact of "cumulative culture.""
history  war  weapons 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Study provides new look at ancient coastline, pathway for early Americans
"The central Oregon shelf, for example, was thought to be characterized by a series of small islands some 14,000 years ago. However, the models run by Clark and her colleagues suggest that much of the continental shelf was exposed as a solid land mass, creating an extensive coastline. In some areas, the change in estimated sea level may have been as much as 100 feet."
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Ancient Arabian Stones Hint at How Humans Migrated Out of Africa
"stone artifacts recently unearthed in the Arabian Desert date to at least 100,000 years ago. This could be evidence of an early modern-human exodus out of Africa, scientists say. However, it's possible that these artifacts weren't created by modern humans; a number of now-extinct human lineages existed outside Africa before or at the same time when modern humans migrated there."
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Paranthropology Vol. 5 No. 2
"Profane Illuminations: Machines, Indian Ghosts, and Boundless Flights through Nature at Contemporary Paranormal Gatherings in America"
weird  parapolitics  history  magazine  shamanism 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Neanderthals: Bone technique redrafts prehistory : Nature News & Comment
early humans arrived in southwestern England2 and Italy’s ‘heel’3, for example, well over 40,000 years ago. They have now applied the technique to Neanderthal occupations across Europe, which are associated with stone tools known as Mousterian artefacts. From the Black Sea to the Atlantic coast of France, these artefacts and Neanderthal remains disappear from European sites at roughly the same time, 39,000–41,000 years ago, Higham’s team conclude.
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Before they left Africa, early modern humans were 'culturally diverse'
"Researchers have carried out the biggest ever comparative study of stone tools dating to between 130,000 and 75,000 years ago found in the region between sub-Saharan Africa and Eurasia. They have discovered there are marked differences in the way stone tools were made, reflecting a diversity of cultural traditions. The study has also identified at least four distinct populations, each relatively isolated from each other with their own different cultural characteristics."
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
US dig unearths tomb of previously unknown pharaoh
"The discovery by a team from the University of Pennsylvania provides new evidence that at least part of Egypt may have escaped the rule of the Hyksos, invaders from what is now Syria who dominated the Nile Delta between the 18th and 15th centuries BC, the officials said. A royal cartouche bearing the full name of pharaoh Senebkay was found on the sarcophagus and on a wall of the tomb unearthed in the ancient city of Abydos"
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Ancient Man Used “Super-Acoustics” to Alter Consciousness (... and speak with the dead?)
"Sound in a Basso/Baritone range of 70 – 130 hz vibrates in a certain way as a natural phenomenon of the environment in the Hypogeum, as it does in Newgrange passage tomb, megalithic cairns and any stone cavity of the right dimensions. At these resonance frequencies, even small periodic driving forces can produce large amplitude oscillations, because the system stores vibrational energy. Echoes bounce off the hard surfaces and compound before they fade. Laboratory testing indicates that exposure to these particular resonant frequencies can have a physical effect on human brain activity."
sound  archaeoacoustics  history  neuro 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Council of the North - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"The Council of the North was an administrative body set up in 1472 by King Edward IV of England, the first Yorkist monarch to hold the Crown of England, to improve government control and economic prosperity, to benefit all of Northern England."
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Erbil Revealed - Archaeology Magazine
"How the first excavations in an ancient city are supporting its claim as the oldest continuously inhabited place in the world"
history  cities 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Marianne Faithfull claims her ex-boyfriend killed The Doors' Jim Morrison , page 1
"In a new interview with MOJO, the singer has said that her former lover, heroin dealer Jean de Breteuil, was behind the frontman's death, though she says it was 'accidental.'"
history 
august 2014 by warrenellis
Atlantropa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Atlantropa, also referred to as Panropa,[1] was a gigantic engineering and colonization project devised by the German architect Herman Sörgel in the 1920s and promulgated by him until his death in 1952. Its central feature was a hydroelectric dam to be built across the Strait of Gibraltar, which would have provided enormous amounts of hydroelectricity[2] and would have led to the lowering of the surface of the Mediterranean Sea by up to 200 metres (660 ft), opening up large new lands for settlement, for example in a now almost totally drained Adriatic Sea."
history  engineering  geoengineering  geo 
july 2014 by warrenellis
Homo Sacer | booktwo.org
"“Homo Sacer” is Latin for “the accursed man”, and a figure in Ancient Roman law, one who has been banned, or exiled, and may be killed by anyone, without penalty.?"
history  philosophy 
july 2014 by warrenellis
History of 1953 CIA Covert Action in Iran to be Published - Secrecy News
"The publication of the 1989 Iran volume was a milestone in the history of U.S. government secrecy that prompted widespread outrage and ridicule, but it also inspired remedial efforts that had some lasting impact."
pol  spook  history 
april 2014 by warrenellis
Gem discovered on Australian sheep farm is oldest piece of the planet | Science | theguardian.com
"Scientists using two different age-determining techniques have found that a tiny zircon crystal discovered on a sheep station in Western Australia is the oldest known piece of our planet, dating to 4.4bn years ago."
history  geo 
february 2014 by warrenellis
Prehistoric forest arises in Cardigan Bay after storms strip away sand | UK news | The Guardian
"A prehistoric forest, an eerie landscape including the trunks of hundreds of oaks that died more than 4,500 years ago, has been revealed by the ferocious storms which stripped thousands of tons of sand from beaches in Cardigan Bay."
history  weird 
february 2014 by warrenellis
The Vikings were not the first colonizers of the Faroe Islands
"There is now firm archaeological evidence for the human colonisation of the Faroes by people some 300-500 years before the large scale Viking colonisation of the 9th century AD, although we don't yet know who these people were or where they came from.
history 
august 2013 by warrenellis
U.S. deserts can reveal past climate change clues
The deserts of Utah and Nevada have not always been dry. Between 14,000 and 20,000 years ago, when large ice caps covered Canada during the last glacial cooling, valleys throughout the desert southwest filled with water to become large lakes, scientists have long surmised. At their maximum size, the desert lakes covered about a quarter of both Nevada and Utah.
eco  history 
august 2013 by warrenellis
Johannes Trithemius - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This book is in three volumes, and appears to be about magic—specifically, about using spirits to communicate over long distances. Since the publication of the decryption key to the first two volumes in 1606, they have been known to be actually concerned with cryptography and steganography. Until recently, the third volume was widely still believed to be solely about magic, but the "magical" formulae have now been shown to be covertexts for yet more cryptography content.[5] H
code  magic  spook  history 
august 2013 by warrenellis
The Phantom Time Hypothesis • Damn Interesting
The Phantom Time Hypothesis suggests that the early Middle Ages (614-911 A.D.) never happened, but were added to the calendar long ago either by accident, by misinterpretation of documents, or by deliberate falsification by calendar conspirators.
history  weird  mad 
august 2013 by warrenellis
Archaeologists unearth carved head of Roman god in ancient rubbish dump
"Antenociticus is one of a number of gods known only from the northern frontier, a region which seems to have had a number of its own deities.
history  cult 
july 2013 by warrenellis
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