3993
The Turk, a chess-playing robot, was a hoax that started an early conversation about AI.
This was one of the big questions rattling around the young mind of Charles Babbage when he first saw the Turk play when it toured England under Maelzel in 1819. Three years later, Babbage began working on the Difference Engine, a machine designed to calculate and tabulate mathematical functions automatically. It was an early step on the path toward artificial intelligence.

"Unlike the new machines of the industrial revolution, which replaced human physical activity, this fragment of the Difference Engine, like the Turk, raised the possibility that machines might eventually be capable of replacing mental activity too," writes Tom Standage in The Turk.
automation  history  mechanicalturk  chess  artificialintelligence  charlesbabbage  mind 
7 days ago
Early Facebook and Google Employees Form Coalition to Fight What They Built - The New York Times
“The largest supercomputers in the world are inside of two companies — Google and Facebook — and where are we pointing them?” Mr. Harris said. “We’re pointing them at people’s brains, at children.”
google  facebook  technology  social  children  society 
14 days ago
How I Read | Joseph Dumit
How we approach reading is important and reflect on our own reading styles - be able to reflect on ourselves and our work and purposes as we do the reading
phd  reading  kindsofreading  closereading 
19 days ago
Holacracy - Wikipedia
Holacracy is a method of decentralized management and organizational governance developed by HolacracyOne, in which authority and decision-making are distributed throughout a holarchy of self-organizing teams rather than being vested in a management hierarchy.[1] Holacracy has been adopted by for-profit and non-profit organizations in several countries
management  system  definition  holocracy  decentralized  organization  selforganization 
21 days ago
Rules of Card Games: 66
2 player pinocle like game that Mom's grandpa used to play
pinocle  germany  2player  cards 
5 weeks ago
Don't Be Afraid of the Future of Artificial Intelligence | Time
The real magic of AI, in the end, won’t be magic at all. It will be technology that adapts to people. This will be profoundly transformational for humans and for humanity.
lilicheng  artificialintelligence  ai  machinelearning  userexperience 
5 weeks ago
The Internet Is Dying. Repealing Net Neutrality Hastens That Death. - The New York Times
a network in which business development deals, rather than innovation, determine what you experience, a network that feels much more like cable TV than the technological Wild West that gave you Napster and Netflix
netneutrality  internet  politics 
9 weeks ago
Remembering Red Burns — Foossa
On Friday we received the sad news that our teacher and inspiration Red Burns had passed passed away. Red was the founder of ITP, the Interactive Telecommunications Program at NYU, where several members of the Foossa collective earned our graduate degrees.

ITP is a magical place where creativity and collaboration flourish. It is a place that encourages innovation through play. It is a supportive environment where we can cultivate and integrate our multiple interests and identities: as artists, as designers, as technologists, as entrepreneurs, and as humans.

Thank you for everything Red. You opened up my eyes to new worlds and changed my life, just like you did for so many other fellow students who walked through your doors at ITP. None of my work with Foossa would have been possible if I had never met you.

Red taught a required course for all 100+ members of the first-year ITP cohort called "Applications of Interactive Technologies," or as we called it, simply "Applications." My classmate Ari Joseph discusses the purpose of Applications in an essay he shared on Facebook and with the ITP Alumni email list:

The only constant is the word application. You can’t learn the right way to use an Arduino, or the right way to use Processing, or the right way to use a Sony Portapac, or the right way to use a Pic card, or the right way to use Macromedia Shockwave, or the right way to use javascript. An application only makes sense within the context of a problem (“I want to help refugee family members be able to reunite with one another more efficiently”), or with a message to communicate (“I want to remind people who unexpectedly become caretakers that they aren’t alone”). "Applications" is a reminder that without a problem to solve or a message to convey, a skill is void of meaning and direction. (emphasis added)
Every week in Applications, an eminent guest speaker from the world of art, technology, design, or other field would give a presentation to our class. The following week, an assigned small group of students would have to present in class their creative response to the work of the previous week's guest speaker.

I had the honor and the horror of being in the first group. Our group's presentation was a creative response to the work of the first week's guest, artist/designer/landscape architect Vito Acconci (Wikipedia). (Learn more about Acconci on Artsy).

Our group presented our ideas for reinventing public space, making it playful and multifunctional, much like our interpretation of Acconci's work. We chose Central Park as the venue, and each member of the team chose a different site in the park to reinvent.

Through the process of doing the group assignment for Applications, I built lasting bonds with my teammates and also developed a new interest in public space. I had gone to ITP with an interest in building online communities in cyberspace, but Red and Vito Acconci helped me see the importance of shared physical public space as well, which sparked my curiosity and shifted the trajectory of my work.

During the first session of Applications, Red would present to the incoming class of new students a list of what she wanted us to know and what she hoped for us in our time at ITP. Luis Daniel, a fellow ITPer, has published a version of this list on his site. Below is an abridged version of that list, all points that I am reflecting upon today, and which I would like to share with you.

What I want you to know:

That the biggest danger is not ignorance, but the illusion of knowledge.
That there is a knowledge shift from static knowledge to a dynamic searching paradigm.
That creativity is not the game preserve of artists, but an intrinsic feature of all human activity.
That there is a complex connection between social and technological trends. It is virtually impossible to unravel except by hindsight.
That you ask yourself what you want and then you work backwards.
What I hope for you:

That you combine that edgy mixture of self-confidence and doubt.
That you think of technology as a verb- not a noun.
That you remember the issues are usually not technical.
That you create opportunities to improvise.
That you observe, imagine and create.
That you look for the question, not the solution.
That you are not seduced by speed and power.
That you don’t see the world as a market, but rather a place that people live in – you are designing for people – not machines.
That you have a stake in magic and mystery and art.
That you understand the value of pictures, words, and critical thinking.
That poetry drives you, not hardware.
That you are willing to risk, make mistakes, and learn from failure.
That you embrace the unexpected.
That you value serendipity.
That you listen. That you ask questions.That you speculate and experiment.
That you play. That you are spontaneous.That you collaborate.
That each day is magic for you.
That you turn your thinking upside down.
That you make whole pieces out of disparate parts.
That you develop a moral compass.
That you welcome loners, cellists, and poets.
That you are flexible. That you are open.
That you can laugh at yourself. That you are kind.
That you consider why natural phenomena seduce us.
I'm still processing my feelings, gathering my thoughts, and remembering old stories about Red, working on making "whole pieces out of disparate parts." Today I had a magical day, doing some of things that Red hoped for us. I played, embraced serendipity, pondered nature while observing and listening to the waves lap onto the shore. I will continue to look for the question, not the solution.

Perhaps it is time for me to pick up the cello again.

Rest in peace Red. Thanks again for the the opportunities that you gave us.

We can honor Red's legacy by contributing to the Red Burns Scholarship Fund.
redburns 
11 weeks ago
hello yes this is luis » Blog Archive » Red Burns
Red Burns
I’m pretty bad at words as it is, and in moments like these, I’m especially bad at words. So I usually don’t say anything, out of fear that whatever I say will sound stupid. So instead of mine, here are hers.

Red would present this on the first day of her Applications to the incoming ITP class. (Transcribed by Chris Selleck, posted to the ITP Alumni list by Michael Colombo)



What I want you to know:
That there is a difference between the mundane and the inspired.
That the biggest danger is not ignorance, but the illusion of knowledge
That any human organization must inevitably juggle internal contradictions – the imperatives of efficiency and the countervailing human trade-offs
That the inherent preferences in organizations are efficiency, clarity, certainty, and perfection.
That human beings are ambiguous, uncertain, and imperfect.
That how you balance and integrate these contradictory characteristics is difficult
That imagination, not calculation, is the “difference” that makes the difference
That there is constant juggling between the inherent contradictions of a management imperative of efficiency and the human reality of ambiguity and uncertainty
That you are a new kind of professional – comfortable with analytical and creative modes of learning
That there is a knowledge shift from static knowledge to a dynamic searching paradigm
That creativity is not the game preserve of artists, but an intrinsic feature of all human activity
That in any creative endeavor you will be discomfited and that is part of learning
That there is a difference between long term success and short term flash
That there is a complex connection between social and technological trends. It is virtually impossible to unravel except by hindsight.
That you ask yourself what you want and then you work backwards.
In order to problem solve and observe, you ought to know how to: analyze, probe, question, hypothesize, synthesize, select, measure, communicate, imagine, initiate, reason, create
That organizations are really systems of cooperative activities and their coordination requires something intangible and personal that is largely a matter of relationships
What I hope for you:
That you combine that edgy mixture of self-confidence and doubt
That you have enough self-confidence to try new things
That you have enough self doubt to question
That you think of technology as a verb- not a noun
It is subtle but important difference
That you remember the issues are usually not technical
That you create opportunities to improvise.
That you provoke it. That you expect it.
That you make visible what, without you, might never have been seen
That you communicate emotion
That you create images that might take a writer ten pages to write
That you observe, imagine and create
That you look for the question, not the solution
That you are not seduced by speed and power
That you don’t see the world as a market, but rather a place that people live in – you are designing for people – not machines
That you have a stake in magic and mystery and art
That sometimes we fall back on Rousseau and separate mind from body
That you understand the value of pictures, words, and critical thinking
That poetry drives you, not hardware
That you are willing to risk, make mistakes, and learn from failure
That you develop a practice founded in critical reflection
That you build a bridge between theory and practice
That you embrace the unexpected
That you value serendipity
That you reinvent and re-imagine
That you listen. That you ask questions.That you speculate and experiment
That you play. That you are spontaneous.That you collaborate.
That you welcome students form other parts of the world and understand we don’t live in a monolithic world
That each day is magic for you
That you turn your thinking upside down
That you make whole pieces out of disparate parts
That you find what makes the difference
That your curiosity knows no bounds
That you understand what looks easy is hard
That you imagine and re-imagine
That you develop a moral compass
That you welcome loners, cellists, and poets
That you are flexible. That you are open.
That you can laugh at yourself. That you are kind.
That you consider why natural phenomena seduce us
That you engage and have a wonderful time
That this will be 2 years for you to expand- take advantage of it
Appolinaire said: – Come to the edge, -It’s too high, – Come to the edge, – We might fall, – Come to the Edge, – And he pushed them and they flew



R.I.P. Red Burns
redburns 
11 weeks ago
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