snearch + erlernte_hilflosigkeit   3

The burglar with the lemon juice disguise « Mind Hacks
We bring up the unfortunate affairs of Mr. Wheeler to make three points. The first two are noncontroversial. First, in many domains in life, success and satisfaction depend on knowledge, wisdom, or savvy in knowing which rules to follow and which strategies to pursue. This is true not only for committing crimes, but also for many tasks in the social and intellectual domains, such as promoting effective leadership, raising children, constructing a solid logical argument, or designing a rigorous psychological study. Second, people differ widely in the knowledge and strategies they apply in these domains (Dunning, Meyerowitz, & Holzberg, 1989; Dunning, Perie, & Story, 1991; Story & Dunning, 1998), with varying levels of success. Some of the knowledge and theories that people apply to their actions are sound and meet with favorable results. Others, like the lemon juice hypothesis of McArthur Wheeler, are imperfect at best and wrong-headed, incompetent, or dysfunctional at worst.

Perhaps more controversial is the third point, the one that is the focus of this article. We argue that when people are incompetent in the strategies they adopt to achieve success and satisfaction, they suffer a dual burden: Not only do they reach erroneous conclusions and make unfortunate choices, but their incompetence robs them of the ability to realize it. Instead, like Mr. Wheeler, they are left with the mistaken impression that they are doing just fine. As Miller (1993) perceptively observed in the quote that opens this article, and as Charles Darwin (1871) sagely noted over a century ago, “ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge” (p. 3).
print!  Dunning-Kruger_effect  Psychologie  self_improvement  Selbstbewusstsein  erlernte_Hilflosigkeit  Kompetenz  Inkompetenz  blinder_Fleck  blind_spot 
september 2012 by snearch
Believe you can change (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought)
The successful kids believed precisely the opposite: that everything came through effort and that the world was full of interesting challenges that could help you learn and grow. (Dweck called this the “growth mindset.”)
...
“I think intelligence is something you have to work for…it isn’t just given to you… Most kids, if they’re not sure of an answer, will not raise their hand… But what I usually do is raise my hand, because if I’m wrong, then my mistake will be corrected. Or I will raise my hand and say… ‘I don’t get this. Can you help me?’ Just by doing that I’m increasing my intelligence.”
Einstellung_geistige  growth_mindset  print!  Intelligenz  veränderbar  Pflichtprogramm_täglich  fixed_mindset  deliberate_practice  wachsen  Wachstum  Dweck_Carol  erlernte_Hilflosigkeit  Depressionen  Erfolgsprinzip  Hilfe_gegen 
august 2012 by snearch
A Conversation with Peter Thiel - The American Interest Magazine
When I taught at Stanford Law School last year, I asked students what they planned to do with their lives. Most were headed to big law firms but didn’t expect to become partners and didn’t know the next step after that. They didn’t have long-term plans about what they wanted to achieve in their lives. I think the educational system has become a major factor stopping people from thinking about the future
TOP  Inspiration  Thiel_Peter  Profession  Occupation  education  Lernen_lernen  print  Fukuyama_Francis  erlernte_Hilflosigkeit  Depressionen  Unternehmer  Libertarismus  Entrepreneurship  higher_quality  Hilfe_gegen 
april 2012 by snearch

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