rvenkat + united_states_of_america   205

Saez and Zucman on Warren tax plan
-- a favorable evaluation by Krugman here
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/28/opinion/elizabeth-warren-tax-plan.html

-- a more cautious evaluation by Noah Smith here
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-01-29/u-s-economy-populist-plans-to-soak-the-rich-could-backfire

-- a critical take by Mankiw here
http://gregmankiw.blogspot.com/2019/01/who-is-prototypical-rich-person.html

and the Saez-Zucman op-ed in the times
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/22/opinion/ocasio-cortez-taxes.html

and Zucman's paper on questions of tax evasion and avoidance here
http://gabriel-zucman.eu/files/AJZ2018b.pdf

-- Smith's caution is based on allusion to institutional economic thinking, lack of empirical support and overt populist dog-whistle rhetoric.
wealth  income  inequality  public_policy  united_states_of_america  us_politics  us_elections 
21 days ago by rvenkat
How the entire scientific community can confront gender bias in the workplace | Nature Ecology & Evolution
-- At some point, scholars worrying about these issues must take a look at how such policies were implemented in post-independence India. They may not like what they find but at least they can avoid mistakes that we made. Overall, a good summary of existing findings.
gender  discrimination  sociology_of_science  united_states_of_america 
11 weeks ago by rvenkat
A Horrifying Path to America for Hotel Workers - The Atlantic
--Their stories sound remarkably similar to the H1B holding Indian techies. Of course, the living conditions, pay and a basic freedom to leave do exist, unlike the people featured here.
labor  regulation  slavery  immigration  united_states_of_america  the_atlantic 
march 2018 by rvenkat
Wealth, Slave Ownership, and Fighting for the Confederacy: An Empirical Study of the American Civil War
How did personal wealth affect the likelihood southerners fought for the Confederate Army in the American Civil War? We offer competing accounts for how we should expect individual wealth, in the form of land, and atrociously, in slaves, to affect white men’s decisions to join the Confederate Army. We assemble a dataset on roughly 3.9 million white citizens in Confederate states, and we show that slaveowners were more likely to fight in the Confederate Army than non-slaveowners. To see if these links are causal, we exploit a randomized land lottery in 19th-century Georgia. Households of lottery winners owned more slaves in 1850 and were more likely to have sons who fought in the Confederate Army than were households who did not win the lottery. Our results suggest that for wealthy southerners, the stakes associated with the conflict’s threat to end the institution of slavery overrode the incentives to free-ride and to avoid paying the costs of war

-- very, very counterintuitive to my worldview. Interesting if these results hold up in other conflicts. Anybody studying demographics of East India Company or the subsequent British Army?
economic_history  political_sociology  causal_inference  rational_choice  slavery  civil_war  united_states_of_america  19th_century  dmce  teaching  ?  via:nyhan 
february 2018 by rvenkat
Homeward | RSF
In the era of mass incarceration, over 600,000 people are released from federal or state prison each year, with many returning to chaotic living environments rife with violence. In these circumstances, how do former prisoners navigate reentering society? In Homeward, sociologist Bruce Western examines the tumultuous first year after release from prison. Drawing from in-depth interviews with over one hundred individuals, he describes the lives of the formerly incarcerated and demonstrates how poverty, racial inequality, and failures of social support trap many in a cycle of vulnerability despite their efforts to rejoin society.

Western and his research team conducted comprehensive interviews with men and women released from the Massachusetts state prison system who returned to neighborhoods around Boston. Western finds that for most, leaving prison is associated with acute material hardship. In the first year after prison, most respondents could not afford their own housing and relied on family support and government programs, with half living in deep poverty. Many struggled with chronic pain, mental illnesses, or addiction—the most important predictor of recidivism. Most respondents were also unemployed. Some older white men found union jobs in the construction industry through their social networks, but many others, particularly those who were black or Latino, were unable to obtain full-time work due to few social connections to good jobs, discrimination, and lack of credentials. Violence was common in their lives, and often preceded their incarceration. In contrast to the stereotype of tough criminals preying upon helpless citizens, Western shows that many former prisoners were themselves subject to lifetimes of violence and abuse and encountered more violence after leaving prison, blurring the line between victims and perpetrators.

Western concludes that boosting the social integration of former prisoners is key to both ameliorating deep disadvantage and strengthening public safety. He advocates policies that increase assistance to those in their first year after prison, including guaranteed housing and health care, drug treatment, and transitional employment. By foregrounding the stories of people struggling against the odds to exit the criminal justice system, Homeward shows how overhauling the process of prisoner reentry and rethinking the foundations of justice policy could address the harms of mass incarceration.
book  ethnography  economic_sociology  poverty  development_economics  united_states_of_america 
january 2018 by rvenkat
Deaths of Despair or Drug Problems?
The United States is in the midst of a fatal drug epidemic. This study uses data from the Multiple Cause of Death Files to examine the extent to which increases in county-level drug mortality rates from 1999-2015 are due to “deaths of despair”, measured here by deterioration in medium-run economic conditions, or if they instead are more likely to reflect changes in the “drug environment” in ways that present differential risks to population subgroups. A primary finding is that counties experiencing relative economic decline did experience higher growth in drug mortality than those with more robust growth, but the relationship is weak and mostly explained by confounding factors. In the preferred estimates, changes in economic conditions account for less than one-tenth of the rise in drug and opioid-involved mortality rates. The contribution of economic factors is even less when accounting for plausible selection on unobservables, with even a small amount of remaining confounding factors being sufficient to entirely eliminate the relationship. These results suggest that the “deaths of despair” framing, while provocative, is unlikely to explain the main sources of the fatal drug epidemic and that efforts to improve economic conditions in distressed locations, while desirable for other reasons, are not likely to yield significant reductions in drug mortality. Conversely, the risk of drug deaths varies systematically over time across population subgroups in ways that are consistent with an important role for the public health environment related to the availability and cost of drugs. Put succinctly, the fatal overdose epidemic is likely to primarily reflect drug problems rather than deaths of despair.
epidemiology  economic_sociology  causal_inference  public_policy  united_states_of_america  via:noahpinion 
january 2018 by rvenkat
Patashnik, E.M., Dowling, C.M. and Gerber, A.S.: Unhealthy Politics: The Battle over Evidence-Based Medicine (Hardcover and eBook) | Princeton University Press
The U.S. medical system is touted as the most advanced in the world, yet many common treatments are not based on sound science. Treatments can go into widespread use before they are rigorously evaluated, and every year patients are harmed because they receive too many procedures—and too few treatments that really work. Unhealthy Politics sheds new light on why the government’s response to this troubling situation has been so inadequate, and why efforts to improve the evidence base of U.S. medicine continue to cause so much political controversy and public trepidation.

This critically important book draws on public opinion surveys, physician surveys, case studies, and political science models to explain how political incentives, polarization, and the misuse of professional authority have undermined efforts to tackle the medical evidence problem and curb wasteful spending. It paints a portrait of a medical industry with vast influence over which procedures and treatments get adopted, and a public burdened by the rising costs of health care yet fearful of going against “doctor’s orders.” The book shows how the government’s efforts to promote evidence-based medicine have become mired in partisan debates. It also proposes sensible solutions that can lead to better, more efficient health care for all of us.

https://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2017/12/28/16823266/medical-treatments-evidence-based-expensive-cost-stents
health  public_policy  united_states_of_america  via:nyhan 
december 2017 by rvenkat
Inside Trump’s Cruel Campaign Against the U.S.D.A.’s Scientists | Vanity Fair
-- By far, the most justifiably sympathetic profiles of bureaucrats in the federal government. The article reminds me of all the good work done by career bureaucrats of the Indian Civil Service.

-- exemplary old fashioned journalism.
administrative_state  bureaucracy  united_states_of_america  governance  regulation  american_machine  via:? 
december 2017 by rvenkat
How the legal system fails victims of sexual harassment - Vox
--One of the better articles from Vox, describes the narrow definitions used by US Federal Courts to throw out sexual harassment suits. Yes, cognitive biases work against the accusers. Yes, definitions of toxic workplace environment are subjective interpreted against the accusers. But law relies on legal evidence; unless we give up privacy and allow surveillance everywhere, victims might find themselves on the wrong side of the law . And top-down recommendations or changes in laws, like they did on Title IX is bound to backfire (see Jeannie Suk Gersen's article).

And all this is just workplace harassment law, I have no idea what could be done about social interactions outside the workplace, work related or not. And how it could be empirically evaluated.
norms  legal_system  united_states_of_america  labor  law  bias  discrimination  vox  gender 
december 2017 by rvenkat
Unity in Diversity: The Nascent Political Identity of Indian-Americans | Harvard Political Review
-- if you've ever lived in India among us, the observations are no-brainers; the article hits the nail on the head. It is interesting how the Indian-American immigrants have managed to retain their socio-economic identities as they re-rooted themselves in this continent but then again, it is not surprising.
political_economy  immigration  us_politics  civic_engagement  political_sociology  india  united_states_of_america  via:noahpinion 
december 2017 by rvenkat
Locking More People Up is Counterproductive - The Atlantic
-- article is dated (obviously given it was published in 2015) but still provides a good summary
crime  united_states_of_america  causal_inference  the_atlantic  public_policy 
december 2017 by rvenkat
The Geography of Poverty and Nutrition: Food Deserts and Food Choices Across the United States
We study the causes of “nutritional inequality”: why the wealthy tend to eat more healthfully than the poor in the U.S. Using two event study designs exploiting entry of new supermarkets and households' moves to healthier neighborhoods, we reject that neighborhood environments have economically meaningful effects on healthy eating. Using a structural demand model, we find that exposing low-income households to the same food availability and prices experienced by high-income households would reduce nutritional inequality by only 9%, while the remaining 91% is driven by differences in demand. In turn, these income-related demand differences are partially explained by education, nutrition knowledge, and regional preferences. These findings contrast with discussions of nutritional inequality that emphasize supply-side issues such as food deserts.
geography  poverty  health  development_economics  united_states_of_america  via:noahpinion 
december 2017 by rvenkat
Becoming White: How Mass Warfare Turned Immigrants into Americans
How do groups on the social periphery assimilate into the social core of a nation? I develop a theory of cultural assimilation that highlights the way in which mass mobilization around warfare can reduce ethnic stratifications by incorporating low-status ethnic groups into the dominant national culture. To test the theory, I hone in on the case of World War I in the United States–a period that closely followed a massive wave of immigration into the United States. Using an instrumental variables strategy exploiting the combination of the exogenous timing of the war and features of the draft system, I show that individuals of foreign, European nativity–especially, the Italians and Eastern Europeans–were more likely to assimilate into American society. I also provide evidence of backlash against Germans despite their service for the United States in World War I. The theory and results contribute to our understanding of the ways in which states make identity and the prospects for immigrant assimilation in an age without mass warfare.

-- Ta-nehisi Coates argues that such processes somehow never really happened for Blacks in these United States. Wonder if there is similar data on that.
political_sociology  historical_sociology  immigration  united_states_of_america  via:nyhan 
november 2017 by rvenkat
Why the U.S. Is So Good at Turning Immigrants Into Americans - The Atlantic
-- the general idea is backed up by comparative labor market studies and in comparative studies of radicalization in Europe and United States
(reference?)
immigration  migration  world_trends  united_states_of_america  the_atlantic 
november 2017 by rvenkat
The Impact of Price Caps and Spending Cuts on U.S. Postsecondary Attainment
Increasing the postsecondary attainment rate of college-age youth is an important economic priority in the U.S. and in other developed countries. Yet little is known about whether different forms of public subsidy can increase degree completion. In this paper, we compare the impact of the marginal taxpayer dollar on postsecondary attainment when it is spent on lowering tuition prices versus increasing the quality of the college experience. We do so by estimating the causal impact of changes in tuition and spending on enrollment and degree completion in U.S. public postsecondary institutions between 1990 and 2013. We estimate these impacts using a newly assembled data set of legislative tuition caps and freezes, combined with variation in exposure to state budget shocks that is driven by differences in historical reliance on state appropriations. We find large impacts of spending on enrollment and degree completion. In contrast, we find no impact of price changes. Our estimates suggest that spending increases are more effective per-dollar than price cuts as a means of increasing postsecondary attainment.
education  university  microeconomics  public_goods  united_states_of_america  via:dynarski 
november 2017 by rvenkat
Frontier Culture: The Roots and Persistence of "Rugged Individualism" in the United States
In a classic 1893 essay, Frederick Jackson Turner argued that the American frontier promoted individualism. We revisit the Frontier Thesis and examine its relevance at the subnational level. Using Census data and GIS techniques, we track the frontier throughout the 1790-1890 period and construct a novel, county-level measure of historical frontier experience. We document skewed sex ratios and other distinctive demographics of frontier locations, as well as their greater individualism (proxied by infrequent children names). Many decades after the closing of the frontier, counties with longer historical frontier experience exhibit more prevalent individualism and opposition to redistribution and regulation. We take several steps towards a causal interpretation, including an instrumental variables approach that exploits variation in the speed of westward expansion induced by national immigration inflows. Using linked historical Census data, we identify mechanisms giving rise to a persistent frontier culture. Selective migration contributed to greater individualism, and frontier conditions may have further shaped behavior and values. We provide evidence suggesting that rugged individualism may be rooted in its adaptive advantage on the frontier and the opportunities for upward mobility through effort.
political_sociology  norms  historical_sociology  causal_inference  18th_century  19th_century  united_states_of_america  via:nyhan 
november 2017 by rvenkat
Communism Through Rose-Colored Glasses - The New York Times
-- some(two) states in India thrived under communism but they probably functioned well because they were economically and politically embedded within a democracy.
communism  socialism  critique  20th_century  world_history  left  united_states_of_america  NYTimes 
october 2017 by rvenkat
Violent Crime, Killings by the Police and the Overmilitarization of US Law Enforcement
Withdrawal from the Afghan and Iraqi wars has led to the arrival of vast quantities of military equipment to the US. Much of this equipment, now unused by the military, has been redis-tributed to police departments via a program called the 1033 Program. In this paper, I study the causal effect on criminal activity and police behavior of the militarization of the police through this program. I do so by taking into account that military equipment is stored in various disposition centers. Police departments do not pay for the cost of these items but must cover all transportation costs. I then use the distance to a disposition center and the timing of the US withdrawal from the wars in an instrumental variable setting. Estimates show that military equipment reduces violent crime and is responsible for half of the rapid drop observedsince 2007. More than one third of this effect is caused by the displacement of violent crime to neighboring areas. Because police departments do not consider this externality when making militarization decisions, they overmilitarize. Finally, I show that police militarization increases the number of people killed by the police. Estimates imply that all of the recent increases in killings by the police are due to police militarization.
crime  policing  geography  spatial_statistics  causal_inference  united_states_of_america  via:nyhan 
october 2017 by rvenkat
The Politics of Selecting the Bench from the Bar: The Legal Profession and Partisan Incentives to Introduce Ideology Into Judicial Selection
Using a new dataset that captures the ideological positioning of nearly half a million U.S. judges and lawyers who have made campaign contributions, we present evidence showing how ideology affects the selection of U.S. judges across the state and federal judicial hierarchies. We document that the higher the court, the more it deviates ideologically from the overall population of attorneys, suggesting an even stronger role of ideology in judicial selection. We show similarly stronger findings in jurisdictions where judges are selected via political appointments or through partisan elections. Our findings therefore suggest that ideology is an important component of judicial selection primarily when (1) doing so leads to expected benefits to political parties, (2) when the jurisdiction’s selection process affords them the opportunity to do so, and (3) when it concerns the most important courts. The study is the first to provide a direct ideological comparison across tiers of the judiciary and between judges and lawyers and to document how—and why— American courts are politicized.
law  legal_system  united_states_of_america  polarization  data  political_science  via:nyhan  dmce  teaching 
october 2017 by rvenkat
The Effects of Pre-Trial Detention on Conviction, Future Crime, and Employment: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges
Over 20 percent of prison and jail inmates in the United States are currently awaiting trial, but little is known about the impact of pre-trial detention on defendants. This paper uses the detention tendencies of quasi-randomly assigned bail judges to estimate the causal effects of pre-trial detention on subsequent defendant outcomes. Using data from administrative court and tax records, we find that pre-trial detention significantly increases the probability of conviction, primarily through an increase in guilty pleas. Pre-trial detention has no net effect on future crime, but decreases formal sector employment and the receipt of employment- and tax-related government benefits. These results are consistent with (i) pre-trial detention weakening defendants' bargaining positions during plea negotiations and (ii) a criminal conviction lowering defendants' prospects in the formal labor market.
race  discrimination  criminal_justice  law  empirical_legal_studies  civil_rights  observational_studies  legal_system  bias  economic_sociology  inequality  united_states_of_america  via:nyhan 
october 2017 by rvenkat
The Rise and Fall of Violent Crime in America - Encounter Books
A compelling case can be made that violent crime, especially after the 1960s, was one of the most significant domestic issues in the United States. Indeed, few issues had as profound an effect on American life in the last third of the twentieth century. After 1965, crime rose to such levels that it frightened virtually all Americans and prompted significant alterations in everyday behaviors and even lifestyles. The risk of being mugged was a concern when Americans chose places to live and schools for their children, selected commuter routes to work, and planned their leisure activities. In some locales, people were afraid to leave their dwellings at any time, day or night, even to go to the market. In the worst of the post-1960s crime wave, Americans spent part of each day literally looking back over their shoulders.

The Rise and Fall of Violent Crime in America is the first book to comprehensively examine this important phenomenon over the entire postwar era. It combines a social history of the United States with the insights of criminology and examines the relationship between rising and falling crime and such historical developments as the postwar economic boom, suburbanization and the rise of the middle class, baby booms and busts, war and antiwar protest, the urbanization of minorities, and more.
book  sociology  violence  crime  criminal_justice  united_states_of_america  20th_century 
october 2017 by rvenkat
Does Race Affect Access to Government Services? An Experiment Exploring Street-Level Bureaucrats and Access to Public Housing - Einstein - 2016 - American Journal of Political Science - Wiley Online Library
While experimental studies of local election officials have found evidence of racial discrimination, we know little about whether these biases manifest in bureaucracies that provide access to valuable government programs and are less tied to politics. We address these issues in the context of affordable housing programs using a randomized field experiment. We explore responsiveness to putative white, black, and Hispanic requests for aid in the housing application process. In contrast to prior findings, public housing officials respond at equal rates to black and white email requests. We do, however, find limited evidence of responsiveness discrimination toward Hispanics. Moreover, we observe substantial differences in email tone. Hispanic housing applicants were 20 percentage points less likely to be greeted by name than were their black and white counterparts. This disparity in tone is somewhat more muted in more diverse locations, but it does not depend on whether a housing official is Hispanic.
race  discrimination  field_experiments  causal_inference  united_states_of_america  economic_sociology 
october 2017 by rvenkat
Post-racial rhetoric, racial health disparities, and health disparity consequences of stigma, stress, and racism | Equitable Growth
We explore the paradox of why high achieving black Americans, as measured by education, still exhibit large health disparities. We discuss how the post-racial, politics of personal responsibility and “neoliberal paternalism” troupes discourage a public responsibility for the conditions of the poor and black Americans, and, instead, encourage punitive measures to “manage…surplus populations” of the poor and black Americans. We introduce an alternative frame and integrate it with John Henryism as a link to better understand the paradox above – the added efforts and stigma imposed upon high achieving blacks that threaten the relative position of the dominant white group translates in deleterious health for high achieving blacks. Ultimately, we explore how the potential physical and psychological costs of stigma and, ironically, exerting individual agency, which in the context of racist or stigmatized environment, may explain the limited role of education and income as protective health factors for blacks relative to whites.
health  inequality  race  mediation_analysis  sociology  united_states_of_america  for_friends 
october 2017 by rvenkat
Access to Health Care and Criminal Behavior: Short-Run Evidence from the ACA Medicaid Expansions by Jacob Vogler :: SSRN
I investigate the causal relationship between access to health care and criminal behavior following state decisions to expand Medicaid coverage after the Affordable Care Act. Many of the newly eligible individuals for Medicaid-provided health insurance are adults at high risk for crime. I leverage variation in both insurance eligibility generated by state decisions to expand Medicaid and county-level treatment intensity measured by changes in insurance rates. My findings indicate that the Medicaid expansions have resulted in significant decreases in annual rates of reported crime, including both property and violent crime, by between 3 to 5 percent per 100,000 people. A within-state heterogeneity analysis suggests that crime impacts are more pronounced in counties that experienced larger gains in insurance rates among individuals newly eligible for Medicaid coverage. The estimated decrease in reported crime amounts to an annual cost savings of nearly $400 million.
ACA  health  crime  poverty  causal_inference  ?  united_states_of_america  i_remain_skeptical 
october 2017 by rvenkat
Racial Discrimination in Local Public Services: A Field Experiment in the US by Corrado Giulietti, Mirco Tonin, Michael Vlassopoulos :: SSRN
Discrimination in access to public services can act as a major obstacle towards addressing racial inequality. We examine whether racial discrimination exists in access to a wide spectrum of public services in the US. We carry out an email correspondence study in which we pose simple queries to more than 19,000 local public service providers. We find that emails are less likely to receive a response if signed by a black-sounding name compared to a white-sounding name. Given a response rate of 72% for white senders, emails from putatively black senders are almost 4 percentage points less likely to receive an answer. We also find that responses to queries coming from black names are less likely to have a cordial tone. Further tests suggest that the differential in the likelihood of answering is due to animus towards blacks rather than inferring socioeconomic status from race.

--useful summary and context here
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/06/business/economy/racial-discrimination-government-officials.html
race  discrimination  field_experiments  causal_inference  united_states_of_america  economic_sociology 
october 2017 by rvenkat
The Economics of Non-Marital Childbearing and The "Marriage Premium for Children"
A large literature exists on the impact of family structure on children’s outcomes, typically focusing on average effects. We build on this with an economic framework that has heterogeneous predictions regarding the potential benefit for children of married parents. We propose that the gains to marriage from a child’s perspective depend on a mother’s own level of resources, the additional net resources that her partner would bring, and the outcome-specific returns to resources. Data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics are consistent with the heterogeneous predictions of this framework. In terms of high school completion or avoiding poverty at age 25, the “marriage premium for children” is highest for children of mothers with high school degrees and mothers in their early/mid-20s. For the more advanced outcomes of college completion or high income at age 25, the marriage premium is monotonically increasing with observed maternal age and education.
economic_sociology  microeconomics  human_capital  labor  children  education  poverty  united_states_of_america 
september 2017 by rvenkat
When Work Disappears: Manufacturing Decline and the Falling Marriage-Market Value of Men
The structure of marriage and child-rearing in U.S. households has undergone two marked shifts in the last three decades: a steep decline in the prevalence of marriage among young adults, and a sharp rise in the fraction of children born to unmarried mothers or living in single-headed households. A potential contributor to both phenomena is the declining labor-market opportunities faced by males, which make them less valuable as marital partners. We exploit large scale, plausibly exogenous labor-demand shocks stemming from rising international manufacturing competition to test how shifts in the supply of young ‘marriageable’ males affect marriage, fertility and children's living circumstances. Trade shocks to manufacturing industries have differentially negative impacts on the labor market prospects of men and degrade their marriage-market value along multiple dimensions: diminishing their relative earnings—particularly at the lower segment of the distribution—reducing their physical availability in trade-impacted labor markets, and increasing their participation in risky and damaging behaviors. As predicted by a simple model of marital decision-making under uncertainty, we document that adverse shocks to the supply of `marriageable' men reduce the prevalence of marriage and lower fertility but raise the fraction of children born to young and unwed mothers and living in in poor single-parent households. The falling marriage-market value of young men appears to be a quantitatively important contributor to the rising rate of out-of-wedlock childbearing and single-headed childrearing in the United States.
inequality  united_states_of_america  economic_sociology  historical_sociology  microeconomics 
september 2017 by rvenkat
Intolerance and Political Repression in the United States: A Half Century after McCarthyism - Gibson - 2008 - American Journal of Political Science - Wiley Online Library
What consequences for political freedom arise from high levels of political intolerance among the American public? Comparing surveys from 1954 to 2005, I document the level of perceived freedom today and consider how it has changed since the McCarthy era. Levels of intolerance today and in 1954 are also compared. Next assessed is whether restrictions on freedom are uniformly perceived or whether some subsections of the population are more likely to feel repressed than others. I find that while intolerance may have declined somewhat since 1954, perceived constraints on individual freedom have actually increased. These findings produce telling consequences for the subtheory of pluralistic intolerance. During McCarthyism, intolerance focused on the Left; today, many groups are not tolerated, so the loss of freedom is more widespread. Heretofore, many thought that pluralistic intolerance tended to be benign. At least in the case of the contemporary United States, it seems not to be.
united_states_of_america  democracy  freedom_of_expression  freedom_of_speech  public_opinion  political_science 
september 2017 by rvenkat
Americans misperceive racial economic equality
Race-based economic inequality is both a defining and persistent feature of the United States that is at odds with national narratives regarding progress toward racial equality. This work examines perceptions of Black–White differences in economic outcomes, both in the past and present. We find that Americans, on average, systematically overestimate the extent to which society has progressed toward racial economic equality, driven largely by overestimates of current racial equality. Notably, White Americans generated more accurate estimates of Black–White equality when asked to consider the persistence of race-based discrimination in American society. The findings suggest a profound misperception of and misplaced optimism regarding contemporary societal racial economic equality—a misperception that is likely to have important consequences for public policy.

A blown-out-of-proportion media piece

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/09/18/white-people-are-really-confident-things-are-getting-better-for-black-people/

evening news, talk shows, identity politicians bullet points next?

somebody ought to study the diffusion process of university press release to politician's bullet points someday.
united_states_of_america  race  discrimination  inequality  economic_sociology  social_psychology  dmce  teaching 
september 2017 by rvenkat
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