robertogreco + web2.0 + maps   6

a brief history of participation
"These activities were not always congenial to the program of government reform towards democratization. Many of them used participatory methods instead to net poor peoples into networks of debt and reliance on hierarchical authorities.

The reasons for the failures of participatory technology are actually quite specific.

Participation was appropriated during the 1970s as a means of cheap development without commitment of resources from above. The theme of participatory ownership of the city, pioneered in discussions about urban planning in the West, remained strong in the context of the developing world, and even grew in a context of spiraling urbanization. In India, the Philippines, and much of Africa and Latin America, postwar economies pushed peasants off of the land into cities, where the poor availability of housing required the poor to squat on land and build their own homes out of cheap building materials. At first, the governments of these towns collaborated with the World Bank to take out loans to provide expensive, high-rise public housing units. But increasingly, the World Bank drew upon the advice of western advocates of squatter settlements, who saw in western squats the potential benefits of self-governance without interference from the state. In the hands of the World Bank, this theory of self-directed, self-built, self-governed housing projects became a justification for defunding public housing. From 1972 forward, World Bank reports commended squatters for their ingenuity and resourcefulness and recommended giving squatters titles to their properties, which would allow them to raise credit and participate in the economy as consumers and borrowers.

Participatory mechanisms installed by the Indian government to deal with water tanks after nationalization depend on principles of accountability at the local level that were invented under colonial rule. They install the duty of the locality to take care of people without necessarily providing the means with which to do so.

We need developers who can learn from the history of futility, and historians who have the courage to constructively encourage a more informed kind of development. "
peertopeer  web2.0  joguldi  2013  conviviality  participation  participatory  government  centralization  centralizedgovernment  self-rule  history  1960s  democracy  democratization  reform  networks  mutualaid  peterkropotkin  politics  activism  banks  banking  patrickgeddes  urban  urbanism  urbanplanning  planning  self-governance  worldbank  dudleyseers  gandhi  robertchambers  neelamukherjee  india  thailand  philippines  gis  geography  latinamerica  1970s  squatters  economics  development  africa  cities  resources  mapmaking  cartography  maps  mapping  googlemaps  openstreetmap  osm  ushahidi  crowdsourcing  infrastructure 
march 2013 by robertogreco
Everywhere: Travel is All Around You
"Designed for people looking for authentic world experiences, Everywhere gives a voice to travelers worldwide who wish to tell their stories and share their favorite places."
magazines  travel  everywhere  place  geography  international  photography  web2.0  maps  mapping  collaboration  writing  crowdsourcing 
july 2009 by robertogreco
The city in the age of web 2.0 a new synergistic relationship between place and people - Information, Communication & Society
"how development of Web 2.0 resources is providing new ways of seeing, experiencing & understanding the city...particular focus on increasing role of user-generated geolocational data & opportunities this affords to reimagine & experience metropolis"
via:grahamje  cities  urbanism  urban  academia  geography  locative  location-based  experience  mapping  maps  research  web2.0 
march 2008 by robertogreco
Yahoo! MapMixer
"The world is a big place. There are thousands of maps out there that provide unique details about any given destination. MapMixer is a new site that combines those maps with Yahoo! Maps to give you a better view of the world."
maps  mapping  yahoo  usability  usergenerated  mashup  geography  geotagging  googlemaps  cartography  api  webapps  web2.0 
september 2007 by robertogreco

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