pw201 + psychology   97

Your smartphone is making you stupid, antisocial and unhealthy. So why can’t you put it down? - The Globe and Mail
We're doomed! Interesting for this bit: "It takes office workers an average of 25 minutes to get back on task after an interruption, he notes, while workers who are habitually interrupted by e-mail become likelier to "self-interrupt" with little procrastination breaks". That's true of me: if I'm constantly getting interrupted I give up and procastinate in anticipation of the next interruption.
technology  culture  psychology  smartphones  facebook  work 
january 2018 by pw201
You Are the Product
John Lanchester reviews 3 books on Facebook and Google, and comes to the conclusion that Facebook does things because it can, without considering whether it should.
facebook  advertising  psychology  Internet  zuckerberg  google 
august 2017 by pw201
The Google Memo: What Does the Research Say About Gender Differences? | HeterodoxAcademy.org
"1. Gender differences in math/science ability, achievement, and performance are small or nil...
2. Gender differences in interest and enjoyment of math, coding, and highly “systemizing” activities are large. ...
3. Culture and context matter, in complicated ways. Some gender differences have decreased over time as women have achieved greater equality, showing that these differences are responsive to changes in culture and environment. But the cross-national findings sometimes show “paradoxical” effects: progress toward gender equality in rights and opportunities sometimes leads to larger gender differences in some traits and career choices. Nonetheless, it seems that actions taken today by parents, teachers, politicians, and designers of tech products may increase the likelihood that girls will grow up to pursue careers in tech, and this is true whether or not biology plays a role in producing any particular population difference."
feminism  google  diversity  psychology  gender  politics 
august 2017 by pw201
Why the economy can't explain Trump or Brexit - OpenLearn - Open University
Authoritarian social attitudes and the rate of change of minority population in an area are better predictors of Trump/Brexit voting than poverty.
trump  brexit  psychology  authoritarianism  politics 
november 2016 by pw201
Locked doors, headaches, and intellectual need | Affording Play
You're more likely to understand what a key is for if you've already encountered a locked door.
education  psychology  programming  learning 
november 2015 by pw201
How Trigger Warnings Are Hurting Mental Health on Campus - The Atlantic
American identity politics and the attempt to curtail academic freedom with talk of triggers and microaggressions and all that jazz. "You might call this impulse vindictive protectiveness." (Via Mefi, where the mods deleted a posting someone made linking to this, disappointingly: Mefi's mods seem to have crossed the ID politics event horizon recently)
ptsd  trigger  psychology  university  america  academia  microagression. 
august 2015 by pw201
Faith vs. Facts - NYTimes.com
"a broad group of scholars is beginning to demonstrate that religious belief and factual belief are indeed different kinds of mental creatures. People process evidence differently when they think with a factual mind-set rather than with a religious mind-set. Even what they count as evidence is different. And they are motivated differently, based on what they conclude. On what grounds do scholars make such claims?"
faith  facts  psychology  religion  anthropology  scott-atran 
april 2015 by pw201
All You Need to Know About the 'Learning Styles' Myth, in Two Minutes | WIRED
Apparently, there's no evidence that people actually have different learning styles.
learning  myths  pedagogy  psychology  education  teaching 
january 2015 by pw201
Why IS liberal Protestantism dying, anyway?
Religions/denominations which are stricter in their requirements for adherents actually do better.
religion  anthropology  psychology 
december 2014 by pw201
Robot makes people feel like a ghost is nearby | Science/AAAS | News
You can induce sensed presences by having a robot poke you in the back.
emotions  ghosts  robots  psychology 
november 2014 by pw201
A Parable On Obsolete Ideologies - Less Wrong
Yvain/Scott Alexander on why it might be a bad idea to continue to espouse a belief in God, the Devil and whatnot while having a sort of private understanding of what that means, even if that understanding is more palatable than the original theology.
psychology  religion  rationality  hitler 
october 2014 by pw201
TAM2014 - Carol Tavris - Who's Lying Who's Self-Justifying - YouTube
"Social psychologist and author Carol Tavris on "Who's Lying? Who's Self-Justifying?: Origins of the He Said/She Said Gap in Sexual Communications". Discusses sexual assault but is mainly about discussions of sexual assault and dissonance.
sex  sexism  psychology  scepticism  cognitive-bias  evidence 
august 2014 by pw201
Postcards From the Edge of Consciousness - Issue 16: Nothingness - Nautilus
"Sensory deprivation goes from CIA torture manuals to a yoga studio near you." Via andrewduck.
psychology  meditation  floatation  deprivation  consciousness 
august 2014 by pw201
What Can We Learn About Human Psychology from Christian Apologetics? - Less Wrong
Chris Hallquist tries to work out what's going on with apologetics. It's Less Wrong, so *do* read the comments.
religion  christianity  less-wrong  psychology  apologetics  chris-hallquist 
october 2013 by pw201
Can You Call a 9-Year-Old a Psychopath? - NYTimes.com
No, but you can note that some of them are Callous-Unemotional and may grow up to be psychopaths.
psychology  sociopath  children  brain  psychopath 
september 2013 by pw201
6 Harsh Truths That Will Make You a Better Person | Cracked.com
The antitode to Nice Guy-ism, among other stuff. Via andrewducker.
psychology  advice  nice  guy 
april 2013 by pw201
Power of Suggestion - The Chronicle Review - The Chronicle of Higher Education
"The amazing influence of unconscious cues is among the most fascinating discoveries of our time­—that is, if it's true." Attempts to replicate some of the classic experiments in psychological priming have failed. Interesting article about the role of reputations in science (as well as about priming).
priming  psychology  science 
february 2013 by pw201
Spitzer Retracts his 2001 Paper – Kind Of… | An Exercise in the Fundamentals of Orthodoxy
Peter Ould again, this time on the retraction of the main paper people quote as evidence that homosexuals can change orientation.
science  ex-gay  psychology  homosexuality  peter-ould 
april 2012 by pw201
On Spitzer’s “Change” « Limning the Psyche
"People are asking me about Robert Spitzer’s reported desire to retract his study of 200 people who claimed to have experience change of their sexual orientation. "
homosexuality  psychology 
april 2012 by pw201
The Fireplace Delusion : Sam Harris
"I recently stumbled upon an example of secular intransigence that may give readers a sense of how religious people feel when their beliefs are criticized. It’s not a perfect analogy, as you will see, but the rigorous research I’ve conducted at dinner parties suggests that it is worth thinking about. We can call the phenomenon “the fireplace delusion.”"
sam-harris  wood  health  psychology  fireplace  samharris  religion 
march 2012 by pw201
What Nonbelievers Believe | Psychology Today
"Common sense, not complex philosophy, often drives religious skepticism."
belief  psychology  atheism  science  humanism  religion 
march 2012 by pw201
deconversion | Black, White and Gray
Some Christian sociologists did some research into why people leave, by looking at 50 de-conversion "testimonies". Results: intellectual problems (hell, suffering, reliability of the Bible); God's failure to answer prayer; other Christians responding to doubt in trite or unhelpful ways. Contact with unbelievers wasn't often cited as a cause of de-conversion.
psychology  de-conversion  christianity  religion  sociology 
february 2012 by pw201
Hegemonic Heterosexuality
"hegemonic heterosexuality is the vast cultural conspiracy to describe all heterosexual relationships as the unending war between stupid people and crazy people." Good observation of the view of the world promoted by TV and film. Via auntysarah.
psychology  relationships  sex 
february 2012 by pw201
The Americanization of Mental Illness - NYTimes.com
The expression of mental illness is cultural: anorexia was more or less introduced to Hong Kong by newspaper articles. A view in which mental illness is caused by brain problems rather than childhood experiences or demons actually makes people less sympathetic to those with mental illness, because they're perceived as being unfixable.
anorexia  schizophrenia  culture  science  psychiatry  psychology 
january 2012 by pw201
Cow Clicker Founder: If You Can't Ruin It, Destroy It : NPR
Bloke makes spoof Facebook game to mock the grinding required by Facebook games. Facebook users play it for real.
games  zynga  facebook  cow  psychology 
november 2011 by pw201
Boys’ brains, girls’ brains: How to think about sex differences in psychology. - Slate Magazine
"Fear of sexism has produced a bias against conceding sex differences, which gets in the way of frank discussion and investigation." "Beware any explanation that relies on a single factor. Hormones matter, but so does socialization." "The fishy part of neuroscience isn’t the data. It’s the spin we put on the data in the guise of explanation."
gender  neuroscience  psychology  feminism 
november 2011 by pw201
The Marvels And The Flaws Of Intuitive Thinking Edge Master Class 2011 | Conversation | Edge
The Edge also did a feature on Kahneman a while back. Here it is, with more examples of ways in which our thinking fails, but also things we can do which we're finding difficult to program computers to do.
psychology  intuition  daniel-kahneman  cognition  cognitive-bias  rationality 
november 2011 by pw201
Michael Lewis on the King of Human Error | Business | Vanity Fair
Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky did ground breaking work on cognitive biases: the ways in which human thinking systematically fails. Fascinating article. Via andrewducker.
psychology  rationality  bias  cognition  cognitive-bias  daniel-kahneman  amos-tversky 
november 2011 by pw201
Lost Garden: Rules of Productivity Presentation
"How do we get more work done? It is a question that every manager and every passionate worker faces. Yet, for the most part, teams operate on gut instinct and habit. The results are less than optimal. Over the years I've been collecting small pieces of research on various factors that actually seem to improve productivity. I've assembled eight of these experiments into a PowerPoint presentation. Feel free to use the graphs and data within to spread these practical ideas throughout your own teams." Via andrewducker.
psychology  programming  software  development  overtime  scrum  productivity 
september 2011 by pw201
The Reason We Reason | Wired Science | Wired.com
"new theory of reasoning put forth by Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber. In essence, they argue that human reason has nothing to do with finding the truth, or locating the best alternative. Instead, it’s all about being able to argue with others" And that's why we have confirmation bias. There's some dialogue in the comments about how it's not as hopeless as it may sound.
science  psychology  research  cognition  rationality  brain  bias 
may 2011 by pw201
What Do Women Want? - Discovering What Ignites Female Desire - NYTimes.com
Interesting stuff on the differences between male and female sexual responses.
sex  psychology  women  science 
april 2011 by pw201
The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science | Mother Jones
"How our brains fool us on climate, creationism, and the vaccine-autism link." Amusing for the number of comments which say "But vaccines really do cause autism" etc. etc.
science  psychology  belief  neuroscience  rationality  bias 
april 2011 by pw201
Is long-term solitary confinement torture? : The New Yorker
"The United States holds tens of thousands of inmates in long-term solitary confinement. Is this torture?" Well, yes.
psychology  torture  prison  politics 
march 2011 by pw201
Why Facebook makes you sad
Makes you think everyone else is having more fun than you.
facebook  internet  psychology 
february 2011 by pw201
Inside the Battle to Define Mental Illness | Magazine
The controversy surrounding the proposed new edition of the DSM.
psychology  science  criticism  dsm 
january 2011 by pw201
Epiphenom: The cult of Theoi: sacrificing to the god of uncertainty
"What this study shows is that these students seem inherently resistant to learning that the forces at work are random. They started off with the assumption that Theoi would reward sacrifices, and they just didn't seem able to shake that assumption, despite all the evidence."
randomness  religion  science  psychology 
december 2010 by pw201
Verbal Judo: Diffusing Conflict Through Conversation
An ex-English Professor and ex-Cop, George Thompson, who now teaches a method he calls "Verbal Judo", a primer on communications techniques, focusing on defensive & redirection tactics. This is a link to the Less Wrong thread where there's a comment giving a summary, though the video is good too (but long, as 1:30).
language  psychology  rationality  video  lectures  negotiation  persuasion 
august 2010 by pw201
On Self-Delusion and Bounded Rationality
or "Flowers for Carl Sagan", or something. A short story on whether it's always a good idea to know the truth.
psychology  rationalism  rationality  philosophy  reason  science  fiction  humour 
july 2010 by pw201
Out with pink and blue: Don't foster the gender divide - opinion - 19 July 2010 - New Scientist
Neurologist Lise Eliot argues that, while there are some differences innate differences between males and females, there's also a lot of plasticity in human brains.
gender  science  neuroscience  brains  psychology 
july 2010 by pw201
Alt Text: Enter the Brave New World of Internet Psychology | Underwire | Wired.com
"The main symptom of a severely damaged person is that they don’t agree with you, so how can you convince them you’re right?" Via andrewducker.
funny  internet  psychology  wired 
july 2010 by pw201
Johann Hari: Did the media help to pull the trigger? - Johann Hari, Commentators - The Independent
"Every time there is a massacre by a mentally ill person, like Derrick Bird's last month, journalists are warned by psychologists that, if we are not very careful in our reporting, we will spur copycat attacks by more mentally ill people. We ignored their warnings. We reported the case in precisely the way they said was most risky. Are we now seeing the result?"
murder  psychology  crime  ethics  guns  journalism  media  violence  uk  suicide 
july 2010 by pw201
The bright side of wrong - The Boston Globe
Article which argues that cognitive biases may be the price we pay for being able to jump to probable conclusions.
psychology  neuroscience  cognition  rationality  cognitive-bias 
june 2010 by pw201
You Are Not So Smart
Blog recommendation. Journalist David McRaney writes about cognitive biases and whatnot in a straightforward and funny way.
psychology  science  blog  cognition  cognitive-bias  rationality 
june 2010 by pw201
Living in denial: Why sensible people reject the truth - opinion - 19 May 2010 - New Scientist
"...denialism, the systematic rejection of a body of science in favour of make-believe. There's a lot of it about, attacking evolution, global warming, tobacco research, HIV, vaccines - and now, it seems, flu. But why does it happen? What motivates people to retreat from the real world into denial?"
climate  conspiracy  creationism  epistemology  politics  psychology  religion  science  denialism  denial 
june 2010 by pw201
Why We Haven’t Met Any Aliens § SEEDMAGAZINE.COM
They're too busy playing computer games. Wasn't that the explanation in Charles Stross's "Accelerando", too?
evolution  aliens  alien  fermi  science  psychology  space  future 
april 2010 by pw201
Nothing New Under The Sun - The biggest problem imo with organized religion
is that it validates the very human impulse to think that we can "make up" for things - rewrite the past, undo what we have done, magic away the reality with something else - that we can fix our misdeeds and harms done by harming ourselves in some way.
religion  atonement  psychology  morality 
april 2010 by pw201
Meta-Atheism: Religious Avowal as Self-Deception
Georges Rey:"I find myself taking seriously the following hypothesis, which (for lack of a better name) I call meta-atheism: Despite appearances, many Western adults who’ve been exposed to standard science and sincerely claim to believe in God are self-deceived; at some level they believe the claim is false." Shades of Yudkowsky's stuff about the invisible dragon and the people who know in advance what excuses to make for its absence: in what sense do they believe there's a dragon?
atheism  rationality  religion  meta-atheism  avowal  psychology 
march 2010 by pw201
Dr. Marlene Winell speaks about indoctrination by authoritarian religion
Dr Winell speaks to Valeria Tarico. Winell's experiences and those of her clients were much more traumatic than mine, because their churches really did deserve the "fundamentalist" label, but it's still an interesting video on the psychology of leaving a religion. The part about how if something doesn't work for you it's your fault and you must try harder rang some bells. Via Debunking Christianity.
video  religion  valerie-tarico  indoctrination  hell  rapture  psychology  fundamentalism  christianity 
february 2010 by pw201
The ex-gay files: The bizarre world of gay-to-straight conversion - This Britain, UK - The Independent
Indy journalist goes undercover to Christian counsellors who try to cure him of Teh Gay. Apparently, gayness can be caused by Freemasonry: who knew?
psychology  uk  homosexuality  quacks  lolxians  religion 
february 2010 by pw201
LRB · Anne Enright · Diary
Iris Robinson, madness, corruption and Protestantism. Anne Enright's stark, evocative article on the latest turn in Northern Irish politics.
psychology  corruption  politics  depression  religion  ireland  iris-robinson 
january 2010 by pw201
Accept Defeat: The Neuroscience of Screwing Up | Magazine
"The fact is, we carefully edit our reality, searching for evidence that confirms what we already believe. Although we pretend we’re empiricists — our views dictated by nothing but the facts — we’re actually blinkered, especially when it comes to information that contradicts our theories. The problem with science, then, isn’t that most experiments fail — it’s that most failures are ignored."
science  psychology  neuroscience  brain  failure  research  kuhn 
december 2009 by pw201
Creating God in one's own image
Research in the psychology of religion shows that people tend to think God thinks what they think: "People may use religious agents as a moral compass, forming impressions and making decisions based on what they presume God as the ultimate moral authority would believe or want. The central feature of a compass, however, is that it points north no matter what direction a person is facing. This research suggests that, unlike an actual compass, inferences about God's beliefs may instead point people further in whatever direction they are already facing."
religion  psychology  science  politics  god  morality 
december 2009 by pw201
Valerie Tarico: Christian Belief Through The Lens of Cognitive Science: Part 6 of 6
The final part of Tarico's series, which links to the others. "Despite its boundaries, cognitive science, does offer what is rapidly becoming a sufficient explanation for the supernaturalism that underlies organized religion."
christianity  science  religion  brain  psychology  cognitive-bias  cognition 
november 2009 by pw201
Out of LSD? Just 15 Minutes of Sensory Deprivation Triggers Hallucinations
Interesting stuff. Reminded me of Carl Sagan's "The Demon Haunted World", where he talks about how common hallucinations are.
psychology  science  hallucinations  wired  brain  neuroscience 
october 2009 by pw201
Understanding Sarah Palin: Or, God Is In The Wattles
Peter Watts gives his grand theory for why religion hasn't died out. It's all about preventing free-loading once societies get above a certain size.
peter-watts  religion  evolution  sarah-palin  politics  psychology  signalling 
september 2009 by pw201
Why We Believe in Gods - Andy Thomson
How human cognitive faculties give rise to religious beliefs. Not a proof that religion in false, of course, but explanation for how it persists despite it.
atheism  religion  video  psychology  youtube  cognition  cognitive-bias 
april 2009 by pw201
Nerds are nuts
On the link between engineering and fundamentalism.
religion  science  fundamentalism  psychology  engineering 
march 2009 by pw201
Born believers: How your brain creates God - science-in-society - 04 February 2009 - New Scientist
Summary of psychology of religion results, and some debate about whether religion is adaptive.
religion  science  psychology  god  pascal-boyer  scott-atran 
march 2009 by pw201
The Psychology of Apologetics: Biblical Inerrancy
'..the “updating” of our belief system in the light of new information or evidence does not occur in a vacuum. It occurs, rather, in the context of a very large and complex array of “background beliefs”'

Some interesting stuff on Quine and what constitutes evidence. The comments are good too.
theology  psychology  apologetics  quine  evidence  belief  positivism  empiricism 
december 2008 by pw201
Gods who know everything live in children's imaginations. | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk
"God knows what's in the biscuit tin. Small children have no trouble believing in omniscient beings and they do so after they have learned that humans are fallible." - part of Brown's continual, and quite convincing, argument that atheism is unnatural.
andrew-brown  justin-l-barrett  pascal-boyer  anthropology  psychology  religion  atheism 
november 2008 by pw201
Religion: Bound to believe? : Article : Nature
Atheism will always be a harder sell than religion, Pascal Boyer explains, because a slew of cognitive traits predispose us to faith.
science  psychology  evolution  cognition  religion  anthropology  brain  cognitive-bias  pascal-boyer  boyer 
october 2008 by pw201
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