pw201 + philosophy   151

Quine's Naturalism - 3:AM Magazine
"Sense data, Quine came to realize, are just as much theoretical posits as the electrons, bacteria, and chromosomes we supposedly construct from them. We do not see ‘patches of green, brown, and grey’ when we are walking through a forest; we see trees, logs, and squirrels. This is why it requires severe training to teach amateur painters to reproduce their everyday three-dimensional view of the world on a two-dimensional canvas."
quine  philosophy  naturalism  science  epistemology 
16 days ago by pw201
Hume is the amiable, modest, generous philosopher we need today | Aeon Essays
Hume believed we were nothing more or less than human: that’s why he’s the amiable, modest, generous philosopher we need now
philosophy  hume 
august 2018 by pw201
Ask HN: Which books have made you introspect? | Hacker News
Someone does mention Jordan Peterson the woo-meister, but the rest sound interesting.
books  introspection  philosophy 
may 2018 by pw201
Epistemic extremism – UseOfReason
Contra Internet ("shoe") atheism: I don't need to be able to prove a thing to you before I can rationally believe it.
philosophy  belief  epistemology  Atheism  proof 
march 2018 by pw201
How evolutionary biology makes everyone an existentialist | Aeon Essays
"Each variant of human desire is ‘natural’, not in the sense of being required, but only of being made possible by nature. And it is in what nature makes possible, not in what it necessitates, that we should look for the answer to the question about what we should be or do."
philosophy  ethics  existentialism  evolution  biology 
january 2018 by pw201
Recommendations please: Is there more to Belief than Credence above a certain threshold? : askphilosophy
Apparently, the thesis that this is all there is to belief is known as the Lockean thesis and is regarded as wrong. Some interesting references to dig into.
philosophy  epistemology  belief 
january 2018 by pw201
Inspiring Philosophy and the Laws of Logic: Part 1 – UseOfReason
What could apologists be talking about when they speak of "the laws of logic"? (This is usually part of an argument that God is needed for there to be such laws). Discusses various different logics, what Godel really proved, and a bunch of other stuff.
philosophy  mathematics  logic  presuppositionalism  apologetics  godel 
november 2017 by pw201
Buddhism Is More ‘Western’ Than You Think - NYTimes.com
Argues that incomprehensible genomic sayings are a Western stereotype of what Eastern philosophy is.
meditation  buddhism  philosophy  paradox 
november 2017 by pw201
CAN GOD’S GOODNESS SAVE THE DIVINE COMMAND THEORY FROM EUTHYPHRO?
Koon's paper in response to Alston's response to the Euthyphro dilemma. tl;dr: if God is the exemplar of goodness, his goodness is not explained by his virtues (rather, vice versa). But, bracketing the virtues, why would we then say he was good?
Euthyphro  euthypro-dilemma  philosophy  good  religion 
february 2017 by pw201
Responding to Tim Keller's "Making Sense of God" Talk
A shorter and better version than my own rebuttal of the book the talk was based on.
tim-keller  Religion  philosophy  Atheism 
november 2016 by pw201
I assert that God is omnipotent, omniscient, but also all-Evil. How would you disprove this contention? : DebateAChristian
Someone takes Law's Evil God Challenge over to /r/DebateAChristian, and makes a pretty good showing of it. Amusing for all the Thomists complaining that the poster doesn't get it, without quite being able to say what it is OP doesn't get.
theodicy  stephen-law  theology  philosophy  god  good  evil  thomist  aquinas 
october 2016 by pw201
Video & Audio: Is the Universe Designed? - an Atheist's View
Stephen Law talks at the Faraday Institute. Evil God Challenge gets most of the time, plus a bit of the new X-claim stuff.
stephen-law  theodicy  evil  god  faraday-institute  lecture  philosophy 
september 2016 by pw201
Who Was David Hume? by Anthony Gottlieb | The New York Review of Books
"David Hume, who died in his native Edinburgh in 1776, has become something of a hero to academic philosophers. In 2009, he won first place in a large international poll of professors and graduate students who were asked to name the dead thinker with whom they most identified. The runners-up in this peculiar race were Aristotle and Kant. Hume beat them by a comfortable margin. Socrates only just made the top twenty."
philosophy  hume  david-hume  books  review 
may 2016 by pw201
Critically Examining the doctrine of gender identity - YouTube
A presentation by Rebecca Reilly-Cooper for Coventry Skeptics. The Q&A (linked from the description) is interesting too.

A concept of gender identity which is entirely exhausted by "I am what I say I am" doesn't stand up to the scrutiny of a professional philosopher like Reilly-Cooper, and I hadn't realised that people were saying things like "my penis is a female sex organ, because I am female" (as opposed to saying "it's a woman's, because I am a woman").

I do wonder how much harm is being done by people believing wacky things in this case, though: is it common for males to cynically claiming to be women in order to harass women?
gender  sex  feminism  identity  identity-politics  biology  philosophy 
march 2016 by pw201
Which God Do Atheists Reject?: David Hume on Straw Gods
The theist will say that there is Something or Other that Created the universe, but they cannot tell us what this Something or Other was (other than that they call it ‘God’) nor can they say what it means for the Something or Other to Create. At most, as Anthony Kenny argues, they can say that ‘Create’ specifies some unknown and incomprehensible relationship between the Something or Other and the universe.
The atheist can agree to this much. There is some explanation for the universe’s origins. Perhaps future inquiry will reveal the explanation and we’ll be able to fill in the details.
hume  david-hume  philosophy  theology  god  atheism 
march 2016 by pw201
Doing Mathematics Differently | Articles | Inference: International Review of Science
"Explanation is a form of compression. If a theory is smaller than the data, then in that case, as in so many others, less is more. A successful explanation is a matter of covering a large debt with a much smaller one."
mathematics  philosophy  science  computation 
february 2016 by pw201
Just why can’t we atheists see that religious belief is reasonable? Some religious answers
"Why do we atheists reject religious belief, and consider it irrational? Here is a survey of some of the explanations that have been offered by the religious. They're not good. "
atheism  religion  philosophy  stephen-law  belief  rationality 
december 2015 by pw201
Stephen Law: 'Skeptical Theism and the Pandora's Box Question' - YouTube
Stephen Law did a half hour talk on the sceptical theist response to the Problem of Evil ("you can't know that God doesn't have good reasons for allowing some apparently gratuitous evils merely because you can't think of such reasons"), and how adopting such a response leads to more general scepticism about just about everything (the Pandora's Box objection, as he calls it).
theodicy  theology  religion  philosophy  problem-of-evil  stephen-law  epistemology 
july 2015 by pw201
Is a ‘lack of belief’ the best we can do? | The Philosopher's Groan
"There is a common view – one you yourself may hold – that the only intellectually honest position for an atheist to have is a ‘lack of belief’ in gods. Today I’m going to argue that this definition is confused, and should be retired. It is too broad to be useful, and that we ought to reserve the word ‘atheist’ for active disbelief in the existence of gods. Furthermore, I’ll try to demonstrate that we have a much stronger positive philosophical case for rationally believing that no god – theistic or deistic – exists."
atheism  philosophy  agnosticism  belief 
may 2015 by pw201
David Hume and the sensible knave | Ask a Philosopher
Is there a response to Hume's "sensible knave", who does evil only when he can be reasonably sure of not getting found out?
david-hume  hume  morality  knave  philosophy  glaucon 
may 2015 by pw201
60 Years On: Academic Atheist Philosophers Then & Now : The Critique
Graham Oppy reviews 60 years of atheist thought in philosophy. Interesting stuff. Is it true to say that people think sceptical theism means that a theist should not be convinced by the evidential problem of evil? I thought that sceptical theism had problems of its own, but I rely on people like John Danaher to digest the literature for me rather than reading journals or anything...
graham-oppy  atheism  philosophy  theodicy  religion 
april 2015 by pw201
Peter Boghossian vs Tim McGrew - YouTube
Here's an "Unbelievable" show in which Boghossian ("A Manual For Creating Atheists") talks to Tim McGrew, who's reasonably well known for his arguments in favour of belief in miracles. I've linked to a set of comments from "MrShamuto" where he undertakes more or less the process Boghossian describes in the books, of Socratic dialogue with "AdeToz", a Christian. It is long and occasionally interrupted by other people who are bonkers, but it's interesting to see Boghossian's stuff in action.
street-epistemology  epistemology  peter-boghossian  tim-mcgrew  philosophy  evidence  unbelievable  premier  christian  radio  socratic 
april 2015 by pw201
Stephen Law in Stockholm 7 nov 2012 on Vimeo
Stephen Law talking to some Swedes about his "Believing Bullshit" book.
stephen-law  epistemology  rationality  philosophy  bullshit 
february 2014 by pw201
Our quantum reality problem – Adrian Kent – Aeon
An article about quantum theory and the philosophy of science.
physics  quantum  research  philosophy  science  everrett 
february 2014 by pw201
The Philosophers' Mail
It's the Daily Mail as if written by philosophers: "We look at the stories of the mass media, then put our own philosophical gloss on them, in the direction of truth, wisdom and complexity." I'm not sure how long they'll be able to keep it up, but currently it's pretty good.
mail  philosophy  stoicism  paparazzi  daily-mail 
january 2014 by pw201
The Core of ‘Mind and Cosmos’
Thomas Nagel wrote a short outline of his book "Mind and Cosmos" for the New York Times. He attributes a lot of the criticism he's been getting to people worried that he's giving comfort to theism. If so, that reflects badly on the critics, because arguments are not soldiers, etc. etc. Via Massimo Pigliucci.
nagel  philosophy  consciousness  thomas-nagel  science 
august 2013 by pw201
A plea for politeness; or, a call for kindness | Slave of the Passions
"politeness is something you owe to me not in virtue of my natural superiority over you, but in virtue of our equality. You should be polite to me, not in deference to my authority, but in recognition of our shared humanity, according to which I, like you, am a human being with feelings, weaknesses and frustrations; I am vulnerable and capable of being hurt, just as you are." But are people who are systematically better off than others as vulnerable?
argument  politeness  privilege  philosophy 
august 2013 by pw201
On the stupidity of asking, “but where’s the evidence we need evidence for things?”
"it’s a mistake to think that if someone thinks maybe you should have some evidence for a particular thing you believe, they are therefore committed to a sweeping philosophical doctrine about needing evidence for absolutely everything."
evidence  philosophy  epistemology 
may 2013 by pw201
Bad ideas from dead Germans | Meaningness
"Outside of traditional Christianity, most of what counts as religion and “spirituality” in America nowadays is actually recycled German academic philosophy from two hundred years ago. This might sound absurd, or irrelevant. In this metablog series, I hope to show that it is true, and that it matters."
german  philosophy  spirituality  idealism 
may 2013 by pw201
Hume 10 —Atheists Nil
Simon Blackburn on Hume's Dialogues: "So is Hume himself an atheist? The word does not fit, and he never so described himself. He is much too subtle. Philo the sceptic says that we cannot understand or know anything about a transcendent reality that explains or sustains the ongoing order of nature, while the theists like Demea say that we cannot understand or know anything about the transcendent reality, which is God, that explains or sustains the ongoing order of nature. Since the inserted clause does not help us in the least, the difference between them is merely verbal. And this is Hume’s conclusion."
religion  hume  atheism  philosophy  david-hume  simon-blackburn 
may 2013 by pw201
The Euthyphro Dilemma - Greatplay.net
Nice survey of the arguments and counterarguments, in relation to William Lane Craig's Moral Argument for the existence of God.
religion  william-lane-craig  euthypro-dilemma  Euthyphro  philosophy  morality 
february 2013 by pw201
Web of Beliefs 2012: Complete Edition - Greatplay.net
Peter Hurford's summary of his beliefs, which links to a lot of his interesting essays. I should do myself one of these, I reckon.
religion  belief  philosophy  epistemology  science 
february 2013 by pw201
Dungeons and Discourse revision - help with spells?
Yvain wants suggestions for spell names and effects in his Dungeons and Discourse games. These should be horrible puns on scientific, mathematical or philosophical concepts.There are some good ones in the comments.
mathematics  maths  funny  humour  philosophy  magic 
december 2012 by pw201
God & Sandy Hook | Talking Philosophy
Mike LaBossiere wrote my blog post for me: he talks about Mike Huckabee's response and the two ways to take it (either as an assertion that God judged America or as a statement about moral education) and notes that in either case, God doesn't really come out well.
huckabee  mike-huckabee  violence  shooting  sandy-hook  philosophy  christian  religion  theodicy 
december 2012 by pw201
Interview: Russell Blackford on Atheism, Philosophy and Morality – Rational Hub Blogs
Longish (written) interview with the philosopher Russell Blackford. I enjoyed the bits about the supposed incompatibility between science and religion, and the stuff about moral error theory.
scientism  science  scie  error-theory  religion  morality  ethics  philosophy  russell-blackford 
october 2012 by pw201
A Logical Argument from Evil and Perfection
"I began this essay by looking at Plantinga's God, Freedom, and Evil, where we find a suggested form of a successful argument from evil. I made two adjustments to this form: first, by eschewing talk of the proper elimination of evil in favor of its prevention; and second, by bringing in the notions of good-making and evil-making properties. With these changes, I proposed a valid argument from evil. I then noted that, as the other premises seemed unobjectionable, the weight of the argument fell on premise (3), the proposition that "Every evil-making property (EMP) is such that its instantiation is not entailed by the instantiation of some greater good-making property (GMP)." I offered a subargument for this premise making use of the possibility of God's existing alone, together with his perfection, to show that from the perspective of perfect-being theism, (3) would be true. But if (3) is accepted by perfect-being theists, then the argument from evil succeeds."
free-will  alvin-plantinga  plantinga  argument  logical  theodicy  philosophy  evil 
august 2012 by pw201
The Worst Argument In The World
which is: "If we can apply an emotionally charged word to something, we must judge it exactly the same as a typical instance of that emotionally charged word." Yvain is just on fire lately: read his LJ and LessWrong posts.
equivocation  worst  philosophy  argument  rhetoric  yvain 
august 2012 by pw201
Philosophy Bro
Excellent summaries of philosophical works in bro-speak, plus readers' questions answered. Fist-bump!
aristotle  descartes  religion  morality  kant  david  hume  bro  funny  philosophy 
august 2012 by pw201
One True Morality
Muflax attempts to come up with a classification for morality, as clearly no-one knows what we mean by "objective" or "subjective" in this context.
subjective  objective  muflax  philosophy  metaethics  morality 
july 2012 by pw201
Unspeakable Conversations - New York Times
"He insists he doesn't want to kill me. He simply thinks it would have been better, all things considered, to have given my parents the option of killing the baby I once was, and to let other parents kill similar babies as they come along and thereby avoid the suffering that comes with lives like mine and satisfy the reasonable preferences of parents for a different kind of child." A disability rights lawyer meets Peter Singer.
infanticide  euthanasia  singer  peter-singer  ethics  philosophy  utilitarianism  disability 
june 2012 by pw201
What Thomas Kuhn Really Thought about Scientific “Truth” | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network
"To commemorate the 50th anniversary of Structure, I’m posting an edited version of my write-up of Kuhn in The End of Science (Addison Wesley, 1996), which draws heavily on my meeting with him. I hope that this profile—which is longer and more critical of Kuhn than “Reluctant Revolutionary,” my May 1991 profile for Scientific American—provides insights into the complicated views of this complicated man."
epistemology  paradigm  science  Kuhn  philosophy 
june 2012 by pw201
On God As The Source Of Being But Not Of Evil | Camels With Hammers
"Very often we atheists are dismissed as ignorant of serious theology and theistic metaphysics or as picking on theologically unsophisticated versions of Christianity because it’s simply an easier target than trying to refute the more profound religious philosophers. In what follows, I will cut to the core of what traditional Roman Catholicism since Thomas Aquinas genuinely thinks is going on philosophically, and not merely metaphorically, when they talk about God’s goodness."
theodicy  metaethics  evil  good  catholicism  catholic  philosophy  thomist  aquinas 
june 2012 by pw201
On God and Our Ultimate Purpose
Stephen Maitzen argues that introducing a God does not solve the question of what, if anything, makes life meaningful.
god  purpose  stephen-maitzen  maitzen  atheism  philosophy 
may 2012 by pw201
‘A Universe From Nothing,’ by Lawrence M. Krauss - NYTimes.com
David Albert, a professor of philosophy at Columbia who also has a physics PhD, points out that Krauss hasn't really explained why there's something rather than nothing by . Via Jerry Coyne.
theology  philosophy  religion  krauss  science  quantum  universe 
april 2012 by pw201
The Art of Controversy - Schopenhauer
Machiavelli for arguments, illustrated here by someone with a keen knowledge of internet memes.
trolling  controversy  schopenhauer  philosophy  argument  logic  fallacy 
march 2012 by pw201
The Crazyist Metaphysics of Mind by Eric Schwitzgebel
"Crazyism about X is the view that something that it would be crazy to believe must be among the core truths about X. In this essay, I argue that crazyism is true of the metaphysics of mind. A position is “crazy” in the intended sense if it is contrary to common sense and we are not epistemically compelled to believe it. .... Well developed metaphysical theories will inevitably violate common sense, I argue, because common sense is incoherent in matters of metaphysics. No coherent and detailed view could respect it all. Common sense is thus impaired as a ground of choice. Nor can scientific evidence or abstract theoretical virtue compellingly favor any one moderately specific metaphysical approach over all competitors. Something bizarre must be true about the mind, but which bizarre propositions are the true ones, we are in no good position to know."
crazyism  david-chalmers  epistemology  descartes  dualism  idealism  materialism  consciousness  metaphysics  philosophy 
march 2012 by pw201
Stephen Law vs. William Lane Craig Debate: Argument map » » The Polemical MedicThe Polemical Medic
"there’s lots of debate over who won the Law/Craig debate. Instead of joining that, I though I’d do something niftier: I’ve mapped the whole of the debate in argument form, to give a more intuitive way of seeing how all the arguments and objections interact". This is excellent stuff.
religion  theodicy  philosophy  christianity  atheism  debate  william-lane-craig  stephen-law 
february 2012 by pw201
Evangelism, disbelief, and being 'without excuse' » » The Polemical MedicThe Polemical Medic
"Christians who indulge in evangelism and apologetics often hold to a thesis of disbelief as epistemic pathology – that disbelief is the result of some culpable error of judgment. Such an attitude is a poor fit for the facts and counter productive to the cause of evangelism. Ironically, the urge of these people to pathologize disagreement is diagnostic of their own epistemic pathology." I've mentioned this attitude (inspired by Romans 1) before: Thrasymachus neatly dissects it.
philosophy  epistemology  christianity  religion  apologetics  evangelicalism  evangelism 
february 2012 by pw201
How not to attack Intelligent Design Creationism: Philosophical misconceptions about Methodological Naturalism - Maarten Boudry
"In recent controversies about Intelligent Design Creationism (IDC), the principle of methodological naturalism (MN) has played an important role. In this paper, an often neglected distinction is made between two different conceptions of MN, each with its respective rationale and with a different view on the proper role of MN in science. According to one popular conception, MN is a self-imposed or intrinsic limitation of science, which means that science is simply not equipped to deal with claims of the supernatural (Intrinsic MN or IMN). Alternatively, we will defend MN as a provisory and empirically grounded attitude of scientists, which is justified in virtue of the consistent success of naturalistic explanations and the lack of success of supernatural explanations in the history of science. (Provisory MN or PMN). Science does have a bearing on supernatural hypotheses, and its verdict is uniformly negative."
creationism  intelligent-design  religion  science  naturalism  philosophy 
february 2012 by pw201
Angra Mainyu's blog: The Moral Argument: Why Craig's metaethical case for theism fails
A pretty comprehensive attempt to refute William Lane Craig's Moral Argument for the existence of God.
moral  argument  philosophy  religion  morality  theism  william-lane-craig 
january 2012 by pw201
A Positive Account of Property Rights
Vladmir M on Lesswrong linked to this as a good explanation of what Schelling points are. It's also an interesting theory about how property rights could arise out of a Hobbesian state of nature, although I'm not familiar enough with the literature to know whether that part of it makes any obvious errors.
game  theory  philosophy  Hobbes  Schelling  politics  Friedman  economics 
january 2012 by pw201
Talking Philosophy | Religion and science: the issue that won't go away
This is great, and has productive discussion in the comments too. Subscribed!

"Recall that the rise of science did not subtract from our pre-existing resources for investigating the world. Rather, it added to them; and the old pragmatic and scholarly methods and the new, distinctively scientific, ones can always be used together in any given case. We need to know whether such claims as that Jesus rose from the dead and that the universe was created by God are plausible when set against what we know overall about how the world works, both through methods that we could have employed anyway and through the distinctive methods developed by science.

When the question is framed like that, surely we don't think that these claims come under no pressure at all from our best empirical investigations of the world?"
resurrection  russell-blackford  philosophy  science  religion 
december 2011 by pw201
Good Minus God: The Moral Atheist - NYTimes.com
Louise M. Antony writes a reasonable introduction to the idea that being an atheist does not lead to moral nihilism. Mentions the Euthyphro dilemma but doesn't deal directly with apologetical responses about "God's nature" (but then we've dealt with those here before, I think).
Euthyphro  morality  ethics  philosophy  religion  atheism 
december 2011 by pw201
Of Hume and Bondage - NYTimes.com
Simon Blackburn defends Hume from some sillier criticisms, and wonders what philosophy is for.
simon-blackburn  hume  david-hume  philosophy 
december 2011 by pw201
Times Higher Education - Divine irony
Blackburn's summary of Hume's "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion".
simon-blackburn  david-hume  hume  history  religion  philosophy  atheism 
december 2011 by pw201
Scientific presuppositions and the supernatural « Just Another Deisidaimon
Konrad Talmont-Kaminski on the metaphysical/methodological naturalism distinction, which he thinks is a distortion of actual naturalist views: "it effectively assumes the primacy of ontology over epistemology... assumes that to understand science one must begin with the ontology of science. This is very much understandable from the point of view of someone who was brought up on a Christian religion that is presented as having its basis in a number of ontological claims that must be taken as true. It is also a profound misunderstanding of what science is. It would be better to think of science in terms of various methods that are used to investigate the world. The scientific ontology is an a posteriori result of the application of those methods to the world. To put it in other terms again, ontological naturalism is the a posteriori result of accepting epistemic naturalism. Yet, even that is not quite right as it suggests that science can be identified in terms of some set of methods."
philosophy  science  religion  epistemology  naturalism 
december 2011 by pw201
King Under The Mountain: Soundtrack and Adventure Log
Someone actually ran a Dungeons and Discourse game (see the Dresden Codak cartoon). This is what happened. "In the middle of the Cartesian Plain at the confluence of the rivers Ordinate and Abcissa stands the mightiest of all, the imperial city of Origin. At the very center of the city stands the infinitely tall Z-Axis Tower, on whose bottom floor lives the all-seeing Wizard of 0=Z."
betrand-russell  philosophy  roleplaying  dungeons-and-dragons  funny 
november 2011 by pw201
Why I refuse to debate with William Lane Craig | Richard Dawkins | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk
Dawkins now says he won't debate with Craig because Craig defends the genocide of the Canaanites in the Old Testament. Craig's views, like those of other evangelicals who share them, are pretty odious, but I don't quite see why that means Dawkins should not debate with Craig: "no platform" principles are there so people can't put forward their odious views, but a debate on the existence of God isn't likely to revolve around what God did to the Canaanites. I think I'd just prefer to say "Craig is a better public speaker, I'd lose" and offer to debate in written form.
richard-dawkins  william-lane-craig  debate  religion  philosophy 
october 2011 by pw201
Stephen Law: GOING NUCLEAR
A chapter from Law's "Believing Bullshit" about the tactic he calls "going nuclear": when the argument is going against you, blow everyone away by saying that "all arguments rest on faith" or "everything is relative" or some other such nonsense. Law anatomises the various forms of this tactic.
philosophy  rationality  argument  stephen-law  presuppositionalism 
september 2011 by pw201
CPBD 089: John Shook – Dewey, Quine, and Some Varieties of Naturalism
John Shook talks to Luke Muehlhauser about philosophical naturalism (with a transcript, for those of you who hate podcasts). Interesting to find about the various naturalistic philosophies, and to see the responses to the supernaturalist "you naturalists think everything is just atoms" argument.
philosophy  naturalism  science  physics  materialism 
september 2011 by pw201
A. J. Ayer to the rescue! « Measure of Doubt
Ayer vs Mike Tyson, apparently really happened. "A. J. Ayer is known for writing "Language, Truth, and Logic." Lesser known is his sequel, "Language, Truth, and Being a Friggin' Badass.""
philosophy  a.j.-ayer  positivism  funny  biography 
september 2011 by pw201
Why Philosophers Should Care About Computational Complexity
"One might think that, once we know something is computable, how efficiently it can be computed is a practical question with little further philosophical importance. In this essay, I offer a detailed case that one would be wrong. In particular, I argue that computational complexity theory---the field that studies the resources (such as time, space, and randomness) needed to solve computational problems---leads to new perspectives on the nature of mathematical knowledge, the strong AI debate, computationalism, the problem of logical omniscience, Hume's problem of induction, Goodman's grue riddle, the foundations of quantum mechanics, economic rationality, closed timelike curves, and several other topics of philosophical interest. I end by discussing aspects of complexity theory itself that could benefit from philosophical analysis."
philosophy  programming  complexity  compsci  turing 
september 2011 by pw201
A Sketch of an Anti-Realist Metaethics - Less Wrong
Nice explanation of the map/territory distinction, and seems to accord pretty closely with my own views on morality.
hume  philosophy  metaethics  ethics  morality  less-wrong  lesswrong 
august 2011 by pw201
Mr. Deity and the Philosopher - YouTube
"Well, if I did order genocide, I'd have a pretty good reason, or at least, an apologist could make one up." Nice. The begging bit at the end is funny too.
euthypro-dilemma  philosophy  funny  mr-deity  religion 
august 2011 by pw201
philosophy bites: Nick Bostrom on the Simulation Argument
"Nick Bostrom doesn't rule out the possibility that he might be part of a computer simulation. Find out why in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast." Hard to fault the argument, as far as I can tell, though I should probably check how people have responded to it.
philosophy  computers  consciousness  simulation  nick-bostrom  transhumanism 
august 2011 by pw201
Unequally Yoked: Guestblogging Challenge: Take the Ideological Turing Test!
A suggestion: if you want to show that you understand the other side's position, test whether you can be distinguished from a genuine advocate of that position in a suitably anonymous test.
philosophy  debate  turing 
july 2011 by pw201
Theodicy: Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal
Nice metaphor for "solutions" to the Problem of Evil.
theodicy  philosophy  comic  religion 
june 2011 by pw201
A field guide to bullshit - opinion - 13 June 2011 - New Scientist
"How do people defend their beliefs in bizarre conspiracy theories or the power of crystals? Philosopher Stephen Law has tips for spotting their strategies." A bit similar to my Bad Arguments stuff: Law has "everything is based on faith" as the so-called "nuclear option". An interesting article, might buy the book he's plugging.
religion  science  empiricism  sceptism  philosophy  new-age 
june 2011 by pw201
« earlier      
per page:    204080120160

related tags

a.j.-ayer  ad-hominem  aging  agnosticism  aisha  alvin-plantinga  anselm  antony-flew  apologetics  apophatic  appeal  aquinas  argument  aristotle  atheism  audio  auschwitz  authority  bart-ehrman  belief  betrand-russell  bible  big-bang  bigbang  biography  biology  blackburn  books  brain  bro  buddhism  bullshit  c.s.-lewis  cancer  carrier  cartoon  catholic  catholicism  cave  charles-taylor  christian  christianity  christopher-hitchens  comic  comics  community  complexity  compsci  computation  computers  consciousness  controversy  Copleston  cosmology  craig  crazyism  creation  creationism  culture  d&d  daily-mail  daniel-dennett  david  david-chalmers  david-hume  dawkins  death  debate  debunking  deism  dementia  dennett  descartes  disability  disenchantment  don-loeb  dualism  dungeons-and-dragons  eagleton  economics  education  ehrman  eliezer-yudkowsky  empiricism  enchantment  enlightenment  epicurus  epistemology  equivocation  error-theory  esr  ethics  euthanasia  Euthyphro  euthypro-dilemma  evangelicalism  evangelism  everrett  evidence  evil  evolution  existentialism  explanation  fallacy  faraday-institute  feminism  fiction  filetype:pdf  flew  food  free-will  freedom  freud  Friedman  fundamentalism  funny  game  games  gaps  gastronomic  gender  german  glaucon  god  godel  good  graham-oppy  grayling  guardian  harris  harvard  heaven  history  hitchens  Hobbes  huckabee  humanism  hume  humour  idealism  identity  identity-politics  ignosticism  induction  infanticide  intelligence  intelligent-design  introspection  isaiah-berlin  islam  jaron-lanier  jerry-coyne  johann-hari  john-passmore  justice  kafka  kalam  kant  karen-armstrong  knave  knowledge  krauss  Kuhn  language  larmer  lecture  less-wrong  lesswrong  libertarianism  logic  logical  mackie  magic  mail  maitzen  martha-nussbaum  marxism  materialism  mathematics  maths  matt-mccormick  media:document  meditation  metaethics  metafilter  metaphysics  mike-huckabee  miracles  modernity  mohammed  moral  morality  motorcycle  mr-deity  muflax  nagel  naturalism  neuroscience  new-age  newton  nick-bostrom  objectification  objective  occam  ockham  Onfray  ontological  paparazzi  paradigm  paradox  parody  pascal  pascal's-wager  penrose  peter-boghossian  peter-singer  philosophy  physics  pirsig  plantinga  plato  pleasure  politeness  politics  positivism  post-modernism  premier  presuppositionalism  primo-levi  privilege  problem-of-evil  programming  proof  psychology  purpose  putnam  qualia  quality  quantum  quine  racism  radio  rationalism  rationality  razor  realism  reason  reductionism  reformed  religion  research  respect  resurrection  review  rhetoric  richard-carrier  richard-dawkins  rieff  rob-lovering  robert-larmer  roleplaying  roy-varghese  Russell  russell-blackford  sagan  sam-harris  sandy-hook  satire  scepticism  sceptism  Schelling  schopenhauer  scie  science  scientism  scott-aaronson  sean-carroll  sex  sexism  shooting  simon-blackburn  simulation  singer  Singularity  socratic  spirituality  stephen-law  stephen-maitzen  stoicism  street-epistemology  subjective  suffering  supernatural  television  terry-eagleton  TGD  the-good-place  theism  theodicy  theology  theory  thomas-nagel  thomist  tim-keller  tim-mcgrew  transhumanism  trolley-problem  trolling  turing  unbelievable  universe  university  utilitarianism  video  violence  william-lane-craig  wittgenstein  worst  writing  wrongbot  yvain  zen  zombies 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: