pierredv + politics   359

These 526 Voters Represent All of America. And They Spent a Weekend Together. - The New York Times
"These voters — 526 total, representative of Americans who are registered to vote — were invited to spend a weekend in a resort outside Dallas to prove that there might be a better way to disagree."
NYTimes  politics  USA  discussion 
19 days ago by pierredv
John Locke, the Fall, and the Origin Myth of Capitalism
"So begins one of the most significant stages in the development of the origin myth of capitalism. Locke inherited the myth from Hugo Grotius before him and would pass it onto to none other than Adam Smith and a host of later economists, so much so that it would become one of the most important stories ever told under capitalism. Refined and developed in each hand, that myth has become a vital underpinning for the capitalism itself, an ideological justification for a certain view of human nature that is ‘naturally’ predisposed to engage in commercial activity."
John-Locke  politics  philosophy  myths 
11 weeks ago by pierredv
How to save politically ‘mixed marriages’ in Trump era - The Christian Science Monitor Daily for July 8, 2019
"There was one person I interviewed who really embodied this, a young woman, and her father was a dear friend of mine. He died a very terrible death. He had five brothers and sisters, all of whom were progressives and she totally identified with these people. He had one brother who had moved to the South, converted to evangelical Christianity, and was in the military. Guess who was the only person who showed up to help her? And he left his wife and his five children far away and came. Not one of the progressives – she knew them well – lifted a finger. And this was not lost on her. "
CSMonitor  politics  love  stories  people  relationships 
july 2019 by pierredv
How Politicians Bend Time - The American Interest, Mar 2019
“As gravity bends light, so power bends time,” writes renowned historian Christopher Clark in his ambitious new book Time and Power: Visions of History in German Politics, from the Thirty Years’ War to the Third Reich.

Looking at four successive regimes in four successive epochs in one country, Clark describes how individual leaders are both shaped by their moment, and how their understanding of their circumstances allows them to sculpt their destiny and legacy.
AmericanInterest  podcasts  Germany  history  time  politics 
june 2019 by pierredv
The Ruin of the Digital Town Square - The New Atlantis - Spring 2019
"Across the political spectrum, a consensus has arisen that Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, and other digital platforms are laying ruin to public discourse. They trade on snarkiness, trolling, outrage, and conspiracy theories, and encourage tribalism, information bubbles, and social discord. How did we get here, and how can we get out? The essays in this symposium seek answers to the crisis of “digital discourse” beyond privacy policies, corporate exposés, and smarter algorithms."
TheNewAtlantis  internet  socialmedia  politics  Facebook  culture 
may 2019 by pierredv
A Celebrity Philosopher Explains the Populist Insurgency | The New Yorker
Via Pierre-Yves Saintoyant

"Peter Sloterdijk has spent decades railing against the pieties of liberal democracy. Now his ideas seem prophetic."

"Reverence for intellectual culture is waning in much of the world, but it remains strong in Germany. Sloterdijk’s books vie with soccer-star memoirs on the German best-seller lists. A late-night TV talk show that he co-hosted, “The Philosophical Quartet,” ran for a decade. He has written an opera libretto, published a bawdy epistolary novel lampooning the foundation that funds the country’s scientific research, and advised some of Europe’s leading politicians."
arts  politics  NewYorker  philosophy 
may 2019 by pierredv
157 | The Copernican Principle — Talking Politics
"David gives the third in his series of talks about the future of democracy. This one uses an idea from cosmology to work out where we might be in the story of democracy: are we at the beginning, in the middle or near the end? It all depends when and where we think the story starts. From Stonehenge to Les Miserables, from ancient Athens to Facebook, a simple idea turns out to have some surprising applications, and some important lessons for contemporary politics. "

For show notes, see https://play.acast.com/s/talkingpolitics/thecopernicanprinciple?autoplay
TalkingPolitics  podcasts  politics  stories  David-Runciman 
april 2019 by pierredv
How Tech Utopia Fostered Tyranny - The New Atlantis -Winter 2019
"Authoritarians’ love for digital technology is no fluke — it’s a product of Silicon Valley’s “smart” paternalism"

"ools based on the premise that access to information will only enlighten us and social connectivity will only make us more humane have instead fanned conspiracy theories, information bubbles, and social fracture. A tech movement spurred by visions of libertarian empowerment and progressive uplift has instead fanned a global resurgence of populism and authoritarianism."

"But what we are searching for — what we desire — is often shaped by what we are exposed to and what we believe others desire. And so predicting what is useful, however value-neutral this may sound, can shade into deciding what is useful, both to individual users and to groups, and thereby shaping what kinds of people we become, for both better and worse."

"As long as our desires are unsettled and malleable — as long as we are human — the engineering choices of Google and the rest must be as much acts of persuasion as of prediction."

"Each company was founded on a variation of the premise that providing more people with more information and better tools, and helping them connect with each other, would help them lead better, freer, richer lives."

"Moreover, because algorithms are subject to strategic manipulation and because they are attempting to provide results unique to you, the choices shaping these powerful defaults are necessarily hidden away by platforms demanding you simply trust them"

"We can see the shift from “access to tools” to algorithmic utopianism in the unheralded, inexorable replacement of the “page” by the “feed.” "

"By consuming what the algorithm says I want, I trust the algorithm to make me ever more who it thinks I already am."

"What’s shocking isn’t that technological development is a two-edged sword. It’s that the power of these technologies is paired with a stunning apathy among their creators about who might use them and how. Google employees have recently declared that helping the Pentagon with a military AI program is a bridge too far, convincing the company to cancel a $10 billion contract. But at the same time, Google, Apple, and Microsoft, committed to the ideals of open-source software and collaboration toward technological progress, have published machine-learning tools for anyone to use, including agents provocateur and revenge pornographers."

"They and their successors, based on optimistic assumptions about human nature, built machines to maximize those naturally good human desires. But, to use a line from Bruno Latour, “technology is society made durable.” That is, to extend Latour’s point, technology stabilizes in concrete form what societies already find desirable."
politics  surveillance  technology  TheNewAtlantis  Google  Facebook  AI  prediction  ethics  morality  search  trust  behavior 
april 2019 by pierredv
How the mythology of World War II shaped Brexit - The Christian Science Monitor Daily for March 28, 2019
"Inside the [Biggin Hill Memorial] museum, a retired police officer peers into a cabinet of medals, maps, and crockery. “This is why a lot of people voted to come away,” explains Robin, who didn’t want his surname used. “We would like to stand alone again. We’ve always been an island nation.”"

"But the mythmaking that connects the Battle of Britain to Brexit has a particular strain. In this narrative, Britain is forever battling alone, bereft of allies, against a dominant continental European power. And anyone who settles for less than victory is an appeaser on par with those of the 1930s, before Churchill led the nation to its “finest hour.”"

"In the hands of pro-Brexit politicians, myths of wartime derring-do fueled the 2016 referendum, which turned on ideas of sovereignty and EU overreach, as well as immigration and jobs."

“In many countries [the war is] recognized as a disaster and a cause of immense suffering. In Britain’s case it’s seen as a uniquely powerful moment of national success.”
CSMonitor  politics  mythology  Brexit  UK 
april 2019 by pierredv
Reparations, systemic racism, and white Democrats’ new racial liberalism - Vox, Apr 2019
"There’s also a certain paradox to the Awokening. As white liberals became more vocal about racial inequality, more racially conservative Democrats left the party and helped power Donald Trump’s electoral victory. This backlash gives the impression that there’s a surging tide of white racism in America."

"The exact implications of this for short-term electoral politics are dicey — older, more rural, less educated whites who are relatively untouched by the Awokening exert disproportionate influence in the political system."
IS  politics  race  polarization  Vox 
april 2019 by pierredv
The deep roots of America’s rural-urban political divide - CSMonitor.com Dec 2018
"Perhaps the problem is that too many social and cultural aspects of personal identity are becoming aligned with politics and geography. Rural voters are predominantly white Christian Republicans. Urban voters tend to be minorities, or more-educated whites, and on the whole younger and Democratic."
CSMonitor  politics  US  culture  society 
april 2019 by pierredv
The historical burden of antisemitism | In the Long Run - Helen Thompson, Mar 2019
"The Labour Party’s crisis over antisemitism under Jeremy Corbyn’s leadership has an air of inevitability. Yet the party’s tribulations brought about by Corbyn’s past and present political commitments are also in part the story of a struggle against the very idea that the past acts as a constraint on political beliefs."
antisemitism  politics  UK 
march 2019 by pierredv
133 | Talking Politics guide to ... Facebook — Talking Politics, Dec 2018
How did Facebook get to be so powerful and what, if anything, can we do to take some of that power back? David talks to John Naughton about the rise and possible fall of Mark Zuckerberg’s social media monolith.
politics  Facebook  TalkingPolitics 
january 2019 by pierredv
Google.gov - The New Atlantis, Adam White, Spring 2018
"Google exists to answer our small questions. But how will we answer larger questions about Google itself? Is it a monopoly? Does it exert too much power over our lives? Should the government regulate it as a public utility — or even break it up?"

"Rather, the ultimate source of the special bond between Google and the Obama White House — and modern progressive government more broadly — has been their common ethos. Both view society’s challenges today as social-engineering problems, whose resolutions depend mainly on facts and objective reasoning. Both view information as being at once ruthlessly value-free and yet, when properly grasped, a powerful force for ideological and social reform. And so both aspire to reshape Americans’ informational context, ensuring that we make choices based only upon what they consider the right kinds of facts — while denying that there would be any values or politics embedded in the effort."

"This approach, if Google were to accept it, could be immensely consequential. As we will see, during the Obama years, Google became aligned with progressive politics on a number of issues — net neutrality, intellectual property, payday loans, and others. If Google were to think of itself as a genuine public good in a manner calling upon it to give users not only the results they want but the results that Google thinks they need, the results that informed consumers and democratic citizens ought to have, then it will become an indispensable adjunct to progressive government. The future might not be U.S. v. Google but Google.gov."

"Google’s awkward moral dance with China offers a case study in what happens when its two core missions — providing objective searches of all the world’s information and Not Being Evil — come into conflict. It suggests an important and paradoxical lesson: Google is willing to compromise the neutrality of its search results, and itself, for the sake of what it deems the broader public good, a goal that is plainly morally driven to begin with."

"Nor does a vast gulf separate Google’s increasingly confident goal of answering questions you haven’t asked and Obama’s 2007 sketch of the American people as full of untapped common sense yet often ignorant, so that what they need is a president to give them the facts from the bully pulpit. The common theme is that we make wrong decisions not because the world is inherently complex but because most people are self-interested and dumb — except for the self-anointed enlighteners, that is."

This Obama comment is naive, because it's about the structure of the conversation not the curated content the conversation is based on: "He noted his belief that informational tools such as social media are a “hugely powerful potential force for good.” But, he added, they are merely tools, and so can also be used for evil. Tech companies such as Google “are shaping our culture in powerful ways. And the most powerful way in which that culture is being shaped right now is the balkanization of our public conversation.”"

"For search results are supposed to be objective in no small part because they’re based on massive amounts of data about what other people have actually looked for and clicked on. Google seems to have it backward: The vexing problem is that people are increasingly getting offensive, misleading search results because that’s increasingly what people are looking for."
TheNewAtlantis  Google  politics  regulation  culture  Adam-White 
january 2019 by pierredv
Internal Socialist Alternative documents show it runs Sawant's office and controls her vote
"SCC Insight has obtained a collection of internal documents from Socialist Alternative that were written over the past three years. Those documents provide a unique view into the organization’s internal — and sometimes acrimonious — debates on a wide range of topics, including Bernie Sanders, the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA), the Democratic Party, Donald Trump, the Black Lives Matter movement, its own organizational structure, and Seattle politics. But they also reveal the extent to which Seattle City Councilmember Kshama Sawant, a leading member of the organization, has handed over her Council responsibilities to Socialist Alternative – including deciding how to vote on items before the Council, and even the hiring and firing of government employees working in her office in City Hall. Beyond the fact that she has never disclosed to her constituents in District 3 that she has ceded these duties to Socialist Alternative, having done so likely violates several provisions of the city’s Ethics Code for government officials."
politics  Seattle  socialism  Kevin-Schofield 
january 2019 by pierredv
Economic shocks and clinging - Michael Strain & Stan Veuger, AEI, Jan 2019

During his first campaign for president, Barack Obama was criticized when he argued that residents of towns with poor local labor markets “cling to guns or religion or antipathy to people who aren’t like them or anti-immigrant sentiment or anti-trade sentiment as a way to explain their frustration.” We test empirically whether this is the case by examining the effect on social attitudes, as measured in the General Social Survey, of a local labor market’s exposure to import competition brought about by “the China shock,” from 1990 to 2007. We find that the economic effects of globalization do indeed change the attitudes of whites towards immigrants, minorities, religion and guns. More specifically, we find evidence of significant hardening of existing attitudes — that is, the impact of these import shocks appears concentrated in the tails of the distribution over attitudes.
AEI  economics  politics  culture  immigration  gun-control  Trade  globalization  religion 
january 2019 by pierredv
Voice of a nation: How Juba Arabic helps bridge a factious South Sudan - CSMonitor.com Nov 2018
"Juba Arabic isn’t just the language spoken by more South Sudanese than any other. It is a tongue that has grown up alongside the country, the witness and stenographer to its difficult history."
language  politics  Africa  CSMonitor 
december 2018 by pierredv
In Way Too Little We Trust - Adam Garfinkle, The American Interest, Dec 2017
Via Pierre-Yves Saintoyant

"The essence of all this is that people who share common mazeways from having lived together and been socialized generation to generation can anticipate what others are up to, and the result is a network or web of reciprocal shared expectations."

"The ballast provided by social trust enables a relatively light-handed government to do for a collection of communities in a larger country only what they cannot readily do for themselves."

"... seven factors [my numbering]— [1] immigration-driven heterogeneity, [2] the decline of traditional religious mores and related informal norms, [3] technology-driven isolation, [4] the backwash of institutional dysfunction and elite dethronement, [5] the media-driven “mean world syndrome,” [6] family instability and breakdown, and [7] the excessive intrusiveness of the state"

"This suggests that, however the problem arose, the decline of social trust has taken on a downward-spiraling life of its own, generating not only a compounding lack of trust but also an ambient pessimism about the future. So we have not just a problem, but a problem set defined by these seven causal elements."

"If we are driven nearly berserk politically by current levels of labor displacement—and we are—we will clearly enter the domain of full-frontal social unsustainability if the challenge more than quadruples in a single generation. And yet at present there is absolutely zero prospect that the American political class will do anything about this. Some people are terrified about what a rising deficit could mean, but compared to the existential threat to social order posed by an automation-driven political economy derangement of this magnitude, the deficit problem, serious as it is, seems like no more than a bad hangnail."
TheAmericanInterest  trust  Society  politics  US 
december 2018 by pierredv
Never before have I seen blind anger like this on the streets of Paris | John Lichfield | Opinion | The Guardian Dec 2018
"Even if a programme of negotiations emerges, it is unlikely to be accepted by the blindly angry people I saw on the streets of Paris last Saturday. Will Paris burn again? Quite probably."
TheGuardian  politics  Europe  France 
december 2018 by pierredv
Weaponizing the haters: The Last Jedi and the strategic politicization of pop culture through social media manipulation | Bay | First Monday
"this study examines a collection of tweets relating to a much-publicized fan dispute over the Star Wars franchise film Episode VII: The Last Jedi. This study finds evidence of deliberate, organized political influence measures disguised as fan arguments. The likely objective of these measures is increasing media coverage of the fandom conflict, thereby adding to and further propagating a narrative of widespread discord and dysfunction in American society. Persuading voters of this narrative remains a strategic goal for the U.S. alt-right movement, as well as the Russian Federation."
StarWars  FirstMonday  fakenews  socialmedia  politics 
november 2018 by pierredv
Artificial Intelligence and Democracy | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Oct 2018
Via Gabor Molnar

Paul Nemitz


Given the foreseeable pervasiveness of artificial intelligence (AI) in modern societies, it is legitimate and necessary to ask the question how this new technology must be shaped to support the maintenance and strengthening of constitutional democracy. This paper first describes the four core elements of today's digital power concentration, which need to be seen in cumulation and which, seen together, are both a threat to democracy and to functioning markets. It then recalls the experience with the lawless Internet and the relationship between technology and the law as it has developed in the Internet economy and the experience with GDPR before it moves on to the key question for AI in democracy, namely which of the challenges of AI can be safely and with good conscience left to ethics, and which challenges of AI need to be addressed by rules which are enforceable and encompass the legitimacy of democratic process, thus laws. The paper closes with a call for a new culture of incorporating the principles of democracy, rule of law and human rights by design in AI and a three-level technological impact assessment for new technologies like AI as a practical way forward for this purpose.
RoyalSociety  AI  democracy  politics 
october 2018 by pierredv
Large Majorities Dislike Political Correctness - The Atlantic Oct 2018
"On social media, the country seems to divide into two neat camps: Call them the woke and the resentful. "

"Reality is nothing like this. As scholars Stephen Hawkins, Daniel Yudkin, Miriam Juan-Torres, and Tim Dixon argue in a report published Wednesday, “Hidden Tribes: A Study of America’s Polarized Landscape,” most Americans don’t fit into either of these camps. They also share more common ground than the daily fights on social media might suggest—including a general aversion to PC culture."

"If you look at what Americans have to say on issues such as immigration, the extent of white privilege, and the prevalence of sexual harassment, the authors argue, seven distinct clusters emerge: progressive activists, traditional liberals, passive liberals, the politically disengaged, moderates, traditional conservatives, and devoted conservatives."

"According to the report, 25 percent of Americans are traditional or devoted conservatives, and their views are far outside the American mainstream. Some 8 percent of Americans are progressive activists, and their views are even less typical. By contrast, the two-thirds of Americans who don’t belong to either extreme constitute an “exhausted majority.” Their members “share a sense of fatigue with our polarized national conversation, a willingness to be flexible in their political viewpoints, and a lack of voice in the national conversation.”"

"Three quarters of African Americans oppose political correctness."

"If age and race do not predict support for political correctness, what does? Income and education. ... Political tribe—as defined by the authors—is an even better predictor of views on political correctness."

"The gap between the progressive perception and the reality of public views on this issue could do damage to the institutions that the woke elite collectively run. "

" As one 57- year-old woman in Mississippi fretted:

The way you have to term everything just right. And if you don’t term it right you discriminate them. It’s like everybody is going to be in the know of what people call themselves now and some of us just don’t know. But if you don’t know then there is something seriously wrong with you."
theAtlantic  US  politics  * 
october 2018 by pierredv
93 | How Democracy Ends - The Book — Talking Politics, May 2018
An extra episode this week to talk about David's new book How Democracy Ends, out next week. With a clip from the lecture we put out at the start of the year and a chat with Helen and Chris Bickerton.
podcasts  TalkingPoliticsPodcast  politics  democracy  David-Runciman 
september 2018 by pierredv
71 | How Democracy Ends — Talking Politics, Dec 2017
Worst-case scenarios for democracy - especially since Trump's victory - hark back to how democracy has failed in the past. So do we really risk a return to the 1930s? This week David argues no - if democracy is going to fail in the twenty-first century it will be in ways that are new and surprising. A talk based on his new book coming out next year. Recorded at Churchill College as part of the CSAR lecture series
podcasts  TalkingPoliticsPodcast  politics  democracy  David-Runciman 
september 2018 by pierredv
91 | James Williams — Talking Politics, Apr 2018
We catch up with James Williams, winner of the Nine Dots Prize, ahead of the publication of his prize-winning book Stand Out of Our Light: Freedom and Resistance in the Attention Economy. What is the relentless competition for our attention doing to our well-being? How can we fight back against the endless pull of the phone in our pocket? And what does it all mean for politics? The book will available free to download from Cambridge University Press on 31 May.
podcasts  TalkingPoliticsPodcast  politics  attention-economy 
september 2018 by pierredv
53 | The Nine Dots Winner — Talking Politics, Jul 2017
This week we talk to James Williams, winner of the inaugural Nine Dots Prize, which offered $100,000 for the best answer to the question: 'Are digital technologies making politics impossible?' James used to work at Google and he channeled his experiences for his prize-winning entry. He tells us what he learned there and what it means to live in the attention economy. Plus we discuss how Trump has managed to monopolise the attention of the entire world. Along with the money, James now has to write a book with his answer - we'll be checking in with him along the way to see how he's getting on. With John Naughton.
podcasts  TalkingPolitics  politics  Google 
september 2018 by pierredv
Congress must grow to check the administrative state - AEI Sep 2018
"The rise of the administrative state and the corresponding decline in power of the legislative branch is much lamented, often by political conservatives, and rightly so. The executive branch so dominates policymaking that Congress often stands by as major aspects of public policy get rewritten without any change to underlying law. The country’s founders wanted the people’s representatives in the House and Senate to serve as checks on an overly assertive executive branch. Congress’s persistent failure to properly fulfill this essential constitutional role in recent years is one reason the nation’s politics are out of balance."
AEI  opinion  governance  US  politics 
september 2018 by pierredv
Russ Roberts on the Information Revolution, Politics, Yeats, and Yelling – Econlib
via Phil Weiser

"EconTalk host Russ Roberts does a monologue on how political discourse seems to have deteriorated in recent years and the growth in outrage, tribalism, and intolerance for those with different views from one's own. Roberts suggests that part of the problem is the revolution of the market for information caused by the internet that allows people to customize what they see to fit their own political narratives and worldview. In short, the market for news works to make us feel good rather than to help us to discover the truth. The monologue closes with some suggestions for how we might improve the way we consume information and interact with those we disagree with."
podcasts  economics  politics  US 
september 2018 by pierredv
More Recycling Won't Solve Plastic Pollution - Scientific American Blog Network - Matt Wilkins, Jul 2018
The real problem is that single-use plastic—the very idea of producing plastic items like grocery bags, which we use for an average of 12 minutes but can persist in the environment for half a millennium—is an incredibly reckless abuse of technology. Encouraging individuals to recycle more will never solve the problem of a massive production of single-use plastic that should have been avoided in the first place.
recycling  environment  ScientificAmerican  plastic  politics  externalities 
july 2018 by pierredv
The merits of revisiting Michael Young - Bagehot, Feb 2018
AFTER much searching, Bagehot has found a book that at last explains what is going on in British politics. This wonderful volume not only reveals the deeper reasons for all the bizarre convulsions. It also explains why things are not likely to get better any time soon. The book is Michael Young’s “The Rise of the Meritocracy”—and it was published 60 years ago this year.
TheEconomist  politics  meritocracy  books  culture  opinion  education 
february 2018 by pierredv
Behind a corporate stirring on dubious social media content
Unilever has threatened to pull its ad spending from social media firms that don't do more to weed out offensive content. This looks like a shift "from a faith in algorithms and toward a more nuanced view of corporate responsibility." But, as the piece points out, "The replacement of techno-optimist ideals with corporate values may not be the ultimate answer, however, if the history of previous media disruptions is any guide." It's a recurring pattern, according to Victor Packard at Penn: new media becoming overly commercialized and socially irresponsible followed by a backlash from merchants and advertisers when profits are threatened.
CSMonitor  socialmedia  advertising  politics 
february 2018 by pierredv
He Predicted The 2016 Fake News Crisis. Now He's Worried About An Information Apocalypse.
That future, according to Ovadya, will arrive with a slew of slick, easy-to-use, and eventually seamless technological tools for manipulating perception and falsifying reality, for which terms have already been coined — “reality apathy,” “automated laser phishing,” and "human puppets."
politics  AI  trends  news  journalism  socialmedia 
february 2018 by pierredv
Can Washington Be Automated? - POLITICO Magazine - Feb 2018
Via Blake Reid

"This kind of data-crunching might sound hopelessly wonky, a kind of baseball-stats-geek approach to Washington. But if you’ve spent years attempting to make sense of the Washington information ecosystem—which can often feel like a swirling mass of partially baked ideas, misunderstandings and half-truths—the effect is mesmerizing. FiscalNote takes a morass of documents and history and conventional wisdom and distills it into a precise serving of understanding, the kind on which decisions are made."

"We aren’t far from a future where public commenting on regulations—the process for individual American citizens to offer feedback to their elected government—comes down to a bot vs. bot fight."
automation  politics  Politico  lobbying  AI 
february 2018 by pierredv
Wokeness and Myth on Campus - The New Atlantis Jan 2018
"The problem lies in a failure to grasp the true nature of the students’ position. If we are going to understand that position, we will need to draw on intellectual sources quite other than those typically invoked. What is required of us is the study of myth — and not in any pejorative or dismissive sense, but in the sense of an ineradicable element of human consciousness."

Polish philosopher Leszek Kołakowski's "technological core is analytical, sequential, and empirical. Another way to put this is to say that what belongs to the technological core is what we find to hand: whatever occupies the lifeworld we share, and is therefore subject to our manipulation and control, and to debates about what it is and what might be done with it. To this core belong instrumental and discursive reason, including all the sciences and most forms of philosophy — everything that reckons with the possible uses of human power to shape ourselves and our environment. The technological core undergirds and produces the phenomena we typically refer to as technological.

The “mythical core” of civilization, by contrast, describes that aspect of our experience “not revealed by scientific questions and beliefs.” It encompasses the “nonempirical unconditioned reality” of our experience, that which is not amenable to confirmation or disconfirmation."

"... as Kołakowski contends, the technological core and the mythical core will always come into regular and profound conflict with each other: “The futility of this clash would not in the end be so burdensome were it not that both points of view, incapable of synthesis and eternally in conflict, are after all present in [every one] of us, although in varying degrees of vitality. They have to coexist and yet they cannot coexist.”"
NewAtlantis  myth  politics  religion  technology  *  academia  education 
january 2018 by pierredv
Amid Evangelical decline, growing split between young Christians and church elders - CSMonitor.com, Nov 2017
"... there are signs that many of the same trends that decimated mainline Protestantism over the past few decades are now at work among evangelical denominations as well. According to a massive study by the Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) released in September, the number of white evangelical Protestants fell from about 23 percent of the US population in 2006 to 17 percent in 2016."

"For Andrew Walker, the current “post-Christian” state of American culture has posed a serious challenge to the faithful. For a variety of reasons, fewer and fewer Americans now have a grasp of the fundamentals of orthodox, biblical teachings, ... he notes, too, the dramatic rise of the so-called “nones,” especially among the young, who may believe in God, but have begun to refuse to identify with a particular religious group."

"Perhaps more than anything else, conservative Christians ... have had to confront the shock of the country’s evolving sexual mores."

“They grew up in a nominal Christian culture, where it’s no longer of a cultural or social benefit to identify as a Christian,” he says. “To add to that is, there’s often not only no social prestige to gain, there’s also social prestige to lose, if you say you are a Christian in our society.”

Yet narratives of danger and decline also help to motivate the faithful, notes Glenn Bracey, professor of sociology at Villanova University in Pennsylvania. “White Evangelicals often describe themselves as culturally embattled, and that perspective often increases members’ commitment to their organizations and politics.”

"Yet precisely because of such efforts [to reassert the fundamentals of Christian orthodoxy and ratchet up their political efforts], younger conservative Christians like Chelsie Maynard have been conflicted about their religious identities, and many say they no longer want to be associated with the evangelical demographic."

"Some Evangelicals have called for another retreat from society... The Christian thinker Rod Dreher has proposed a “Benedict Option,” suggesting that Christians forgo politics and adopt a kind of monastic shield from society."

"For many Evangelicals, the Nashville Statement was simply an affirmation of Christianity’s historic moral teachings and a pastoral document to guide the faithful. But critics noted that the statement went beyond condemning homosexuality and transgender identity: It also condemned those who affirm them."
CSMonitor  religion  politics  US  * 
january 2018 by pierredv
Pace Outlines Trump Administration’s Approach to Space Development and Law – SpacePolicyOnline.com Dec 2017
"Scott Pace, Executive Secretary of the White House National Space Council, today outlined the Trump Administration’s approach to space development and law, which includes “bringing American values to space.” Other features are creating programs and frameworks that lead other countries to align with the United States and striving to be an attractive place for private sector investment and innovation."
SpacePolicyOnline  space  politics 
december 2017 by pierredv
How Politics Stalls Wireless Innovation - WSJ, Oct 2017
Some of it is arguable, e.g.
• “LightSquared quickly spent about $4 billion” (it’s been a while since I dug around, but I couldn’t find any evidence in their bankruptcy filing that this much went out the door)
• “the FCC yanked LightSquared’s licenses” (it didn’t yank the license, it withdrew the ATC waiver that was conditional on not causing harmful interference).
• “To use radio spectrum, parties must stay in their lanes” (doesn’t seem to grok how overload works – or maybe he thinks parties have to assume infinite power in adjacent bands, and pay for reductions)

But there’s stuff to agree with, e.g. “the costliest spectrum conflicts emanate from overprotecting old services at the expense of the new.”

Interestingly, he says nothing about auctioning overlays (probably too hard to explain in an op-ed), preferring to ask for Ligado to get a pass, and sending border disputes to arbitration.
Tom-Hazlett  opinion  spectrum  politics  WSJ 
october 2017 by pierredv
Pax Technica | TALKING POLITICS on acast, Sep 2017
"John Naughton talks to Philip Howard of the Oxford Internet Institute about whether the digital revolution has been good or bad for democracy. Will the Internet of Things usher in an era of universal peace or universal surveillance? What happened to the hopes of tech liberation that came with the Arab Spring? Is there anything we can do about fake news? A fascinating conversation between two recovering utopians about the past, present and future of the internet age."
politics  TalkingPolitics 
september 2017 by pierredv
How to fix US politics? Maybe start by seeing it as an ‘industrial complex.’ - CSMonitor.com, Sep 2017
The political-industrial complex. Fascinating piece. Excerpts:

"The system is designed to deliver what it’s delivering. The challenge is that it’s not designed to deliver for citizens, for the public interest. Instead, our system has been designed and optimized over time to benefit the interests of our two political parties and all their associated industry allies."

"If you have two dominant competitors, the last thing they want to do is compete for the same customers. They’d rather divide up the customers, because then they can differentiate themselves. Their respective loyalists will then be very dedicated to support them and give money and vote."
CSMonitor  US  politics  interviews 
september 2017 by pierredv
The disaster that could follow from a flash in the sky - Economist Tech Quarterly, Jul 2017
Scenario: "Imagine a nuclear blast occurring somewhere above eastern Nebraska. "

" It permanently damages the grid’s multimillion-dollar high-voltage transformers. ... After the surge, telecom switches and internet routers are dead. Air-traffic control is down. Within a day, some shoppers in supermarkets turn to looting... Utilities can neither treat nor pump water or sewage. Raids on homes thought to have water become frequent and often bloody...Martial law ends six months after the original energy surge. Roughly 350,000 Canadians and 7m Americans have died. "

"Yet not much is being done. Barack Obama ordered EMP protection for White House systems, but FERC, the utilities regulator, has not required EMP-proofing. Nor has the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) pushed for a solution or even included EMP in official planning scenarios. (The Pentagon should handle that, DHS officials say; the Pentagon notes that civilian infrastructure is the DHS’s responsibility.) As for exactly what safeguards are or are not needed, the utilities themselves are best equipped to decide, says Brandon Wales, the DHS’s head of infrastructure analysis. But the utilities’ industry group, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), argues that, because EMP is a matter of national security, it is the government’s job. NERC may anyway be in no rush. ... NERC has repeatedly and successfully lobbied Congress to prevent legislation that would require EMP-proofing."
TheEconomist  EMP  Carrington-event  solar-storm  catastrophic-risk  politics  planning 
august 2017 by pierredv
The Rise of Antifa - The Atlantic
The Rise of the Violent Left
Antifa’s activists say they’re battling burgeoning authoritarianism on the American right. Are they fueling it instead?
theAtlantic  US  politics  extremism 
august 2017 by pierredv
More empathy isn't the right prescription to heal the planet | New Scientist, Paul Bloom, issue 3111, 4 Feb 2017
"I JUST wrote a book called Against Empathy, ..."

"One issue is that people use the term empathy differently; if seen as synonymous with kindness and altruism, it seems hard to object to. But what about when we mean the capacity to share others’ feelings? This has its upsides, but as a guide for moral and political decisions, it is a train wreck. Empathy makes the world worse."

1. biased ("relatively easy to put yourself in the shoes of someone close... But empathy for your enemies [is] a lot less natural")

2. zooms in on the individual

3. malleable ("can be abused to sway people into backing all sorts of positions, including cruel ones")
empathy  compassion  NewScientist  morality  politics 
june 2017 by pierredv
In Venezuela, we couldn’t stop Chávez. Don’t make the same mistakes we did. - The Washington Post
here is some advice on how to avoid Venezuela’s mistakes.

Don’t forget who the enemy is. . . What makes you the enemy? It’s very simple to a populist: If you’re not a victim, you’re a culprit.

Show no contempt.
Don’t feed polarization, disarm it. This means leaving the theater of injured decency behind.

Don’t try to force him out.
... Look, opponents were desperate. We were right to be. But a hissy fit is not a strategy.

Find a counterargument. (No, not the one you think.)
. . . Your challenge is to prove that you belong in the same tribe as them — that you are American in exactly the same way they are.
Venezuela  US  politics  populism  opinion 
february 2017 by pierredv
Database on Ideology, Money in Politics, and Elections (DIME) | SSDS Social Science Data Collection
The Database on Ideology, Money in Politics, and Elections (DIME) is intended as a general resource for the study of campaign finance and ideology in American politics. The database was developed as part of the project on Ideology in the Political Marketplace, which is an on-going effort to conduct a comprehensive ideological mapping of political elites, interest groups, and donors using the common-space CFscore scaling methodology (Bonica 2013). Constructing the database required a large-scale effort to compile, clean, and process data on contribution records, candidate characteristics, and election outcomes from various sources. The resulting database contains over 100 million political contributions made by individuals and organizations to local, state, and federal elections spanning a period from 1979 to 2012. A corresponding database of candidates and committees provides additional information on state and federal elections.
lobbying  ideology  politics  US  Stanford 
january 2017 by pierredv
Mapping the Ideological Marketplace - Bonica - 2013 - American Journal of Political Science - Wiley Online Library
I develop a method to measure the ideology of candidates and contributors using campaign finance data. Combined with a data set of over 100 million contribution records from state and federal elections, the method estimates ideal points for an expansive range of political actors. The common pool of contributors who give across institutions and levels of politics makes it possible to recover a unified set of ideological measures for members of Congress, the president and executive branch, state legislators, governors, and other state officials, as well as the interest groups and individuals who make political donations. Since candidates fundraise regardless of incumbency status, the method estimates ideal points for both incumbents and nonincumbents. After establishing measure validity and addressing issues concerning strategic behavior, I present results for a variety of political actors and discuss several promising avenues of research made possible by the new measures.
politics  ideology  lobbying  US  bias 
january 2017 by pierredv
Congress asserts itself | Global Policy Watch - Dec 2016
"Congress, and particularly the House of Representatives, appears poised to assert itself in a way not seen for decades."
Covington  politics  policy  regulation 
december 2016 by pierredv
Final Exams (Suggested Templates) | brazenandtenured–law politics nature and culture
In light of the recent election and the desire of professors to remain relevant, here are some suggested templates for use in drafting final exams within your department.
satire  politics  law  Pierre-Schlag  humor 
december 2016 by pierredv
How to trump group-think in a post-truth world : Nature News & Comment - Nov 2106
Here, Kahan tells Nature about the real-world consequences of group affinity and cognitive bias, and about research that may point to remedies.
"Hierarchical and individualistic people tend to have confidence in markets and industry: those represent human ingenuity and power. People who are egalitarian and communitarian are suspicious of markets and industry. They see them as responsible for social disparity.

It’s natural to see things you consider honourable as good for society, and things that are base, as bad. Such associations will motivate people’s assessment of evidence."
cognition  bias  psychology  Dan-Kahan  politics  NatureJournal 
december 2016 by pierredv
In the Heart of Trump Country - The New Yorker - Oct 2016
"Another important factor is immigration, but not for economic reasons. In West Virginia, there are practically no immigrants. But Trump has promoted the idea that someone who cares about the fate of people new to the country must care less about those who have been here longer—and this idea resonates among people who believe that the rest of the country doesn’t care about them at all, and doesn’t see them as kin. "

"Many people talk about a connection to the ground itself. West Virginia doesn’t look quite like any other place—hardly any flat land, because the densely wooded hills are crushed so close together there’s barely room for a road between them—and its confining closeness forms a kind of physical bond between people who find it familiar. "

"When Clinton talks about her family and her childhood, she describes a sense of deep rootedness in mainstream America. Obama, with his complicated background, doesn’t take roots for granted. ... Perhaps this is why Obama makes a point of saying that he understands that the desire for borders is not always, or only, racism but also a desire to belong to a group of people that is smaller and less cosmic than all mankind: in other words, to have a home. "

"After the old people died, he visited their graves, and he also visited the graves of the grandparents and the great-grandparents they had described to him. Some of these older graves were in small family cemeteries that were brambly and overgrown, because the people there had died so long ago that nobody remembered them, or if anyone did they were too old to climb up the mountain anymore. Many of those buried didn’t have proper headstones, only rocks with initials carved in them. He felt that the least he could do for the people whose stories meant so much to him was to care for their graves, so some days he would take tools and hike up to one of the half-hidden cemeteries and cut back the grass and the weeds, and straighten a headstone if there was one and it had fallen over, and leave flowers on the mounds. He liked doing it. It was peaceful there. "
NewYorker  geography  US  stories  people  politics 
october 2016 by pierredv
How the education gap is tearing politics apart | David Runciman | Politics | The Guardian
"Education does not simply divide us on the grounds of what is in our interests. It sorts us according to where we feel we belong."

"The education divide is never going to supplant traditional left-right politics. There is not going to be a “Graduate party” taking on a party of “School Leavers”. Instead the divide cuts across left and right, which is why it is proving so disruptive to our politics right now. . . . But the education divide derives from an alternative set of values, which is often characterised as the opposition between libertarians and authoritarians. Authoritarians are looking for order and control, libertarians want greater freedom and tolerance. "

"When Gove suggested that the experts should not be trusted because they have a vested interest in what they are saying, that was his point: once knowledge becomes a prerequisite of power, then it no longer speaks for itself. It appears to speak for the worldview of the people who possess it. At that point it ceases to be knowledge and simply becomes another mark of privilege."
"The education divide has the potential to break apart the careful ties that hold representative democracy together. Regardless of our different interests, we elect representatives to take decisions on our behalf on the understanding that we share certain basic values, including a respect for knowledge, wherever it comes from. Once knowledge is assumed to be just another one of the perks of power, then the basis to trust others to take decisions for us becomes eroded. Asserting the facts and asserting your privilege grow increasingly difficult to distinguish."
TheGuardian  education  politics  power  longreads 
october 2016 by pierredv
Us v Them: the birth of populism | John B Judis | The Long Read | Politics | The Guardian - Oct 2016
"Populist campaigns and parties often function as warning signs of a political crisis. In both Europe and the US, populist movements have been most successful at times when people see the prevailing political norms – which are preserved and defended by the existing establishment – as being at odds with their own hopes, fears, and concerns. The populists express these neglected concerns and frame them in a politics that pits the people against an intransigent elite. By doing so, they become catalysts for political change."

"During their heyday in the late 19th century, the populists of the People’s Party had a profound effect on American and – as it turned out – Latin American and European politics. It developed the logic of populism: the concept of a “people” arrayed against an elite that refused to grant necessary reforms. In American politics, the organisation was an early sign of the inadequacy of the two major parties’ views of government and the economy."

"In 1976, the Donald Warren published a study of “middle American radicals” (MARs). On the basis of extensive surveys conducted between 1971 and 72 and in 1975, Warren defined a distinct political group that was neither left nor right, liberal nor conservative. MARs “feel the middle class has been seriously neglected,” Warren wrote. They see “government as favouring both the rich and poor simultaneously”."
populism  politics  USA  history  progressivism  TheGuardian  longreads  radicalism 
october 2016 by pierredv
Trump poised to reshape GOP, no matter what - CSMonitor.com - Oct 2016
That’s because with both free trade and immigration Trump has exploited an existing split between GOP voters and leaders. He didn’t create it – just noticed it was there. In 2014, the Chicago Council on Global Affairs took a unique survey matching rank-and-file voters against their party elites. At the time, 55 percent of GOP voters said that immigrants and refugees coming into the US were a critical threat to the nation – but only 16 percent of Republican leaders held the same view. Only 27 percent of GOP voters said the US should accept Syrian refugees, while a whopping 71 percent of leaders said the US should accept them.

About a third of GOP voters opposed free trade pacts under almost all circumstances, according to the Chicago Council data. But 90 percent of GOP leaders disagreed, and supported such deals.

Demographic trends within the Republican Party underlie many of these attitudes. The GOP is becoming whiter, older, more male, and less educated than the nation as a whole, according to Pew Research data. During the years of the Obama presidency, GOP gains among whites and men have enabled the party to offset corresponding Democratic gains among nonwhites and women, according to Pew.

“Something else seems to be the primary motivator of GOP voters, something closer to the neighborhood of cultural conservatism and racial and economic grievance rather than a passion for small government,” wrote the data-oriented site FiveThirtyEight’s Clare Malone in July.
Trump  GOP  politics  USA  CSMonitor 
october 2016 by pierredv
Many donors to Clinton Foundation met with her at State (AP)
"At least 85 of 154 people from private interests who met or had phone conversations scheduled with Clinton while she led the State Department donated to her family charity or pledged commitments to its international programs, according to a review of State Department calendars released so far to The Associated Press. Combined, the 85 donors contributed as much as $156 million. At least 40 donated more than $100,000 each, and 20 gave more than $1 million."
AP  Clinton  corruption  politics 
august 2016 by pierredv
What the Ghosts of Candidates Past Can Tell Us About the General Election: Mapping America's Ideological Terrain, Part 2 | RAND Jul 2016
"A candidate needs to unite supporters and in-party castaways to mount a strong challenge in the general election. That candidate can win big by luring out-party castaways away from the opponent or converting inactives into supporters. By understanding where each voter group lies in our map of America's ideological terrain, we can gain a sense of how Clinton and Trump might fare in the general election."
RAND  politics  polling  USA  Trump  Clinton 
july 2016 by pierredv
Cordelia Fine
via Ljiljana Simic, June 2016
gender  politics 
june 2016 by pierredv
America Has Never Been So Ripe for Tyranny -- NYMag, Andrew Sullivan, May 2016
via John Helm
"Democracies end when they are too democratic. And right now, America is a breeding ground for tyranny."
". In the wake of his most recent primary triumphs, at a time when he is perilously close to winning enough delegates to grab the Republican nomination outright, I think we must confront this dread and be clear about what this election has already revealed about the fragility of our way of life and the threat late-stage democracy is beginning to pose to itself."
"Part of American democracy’s stability is owed to the fact that the Founding Fathers had read their Plato."
"Once, candidates built a career through experience in elected or Cabinet positions or as military commanders; they were effectively selected by peer review. That elitist sorting mechanism has slowly imploded. . . . This further widening of our democracy — our increased openness to being led by anyone; indeed, our accelerating preference for outsiders — is now almost complete."
"Sanders, who is sustaining his campaign all the way to California on the backs of small donors and large crowds, is, to put it bluntly, a walking refutation of his own argument."
"But it is precisely because of the great accomplishments of our democracy that we should be vigilant about its specific, unique vulnerability: its susceptibility, in stressful times, to the appeal of a shameless demagogue."
<On Eric Hoffer’s 1951 tract, The True Believer:>
"Hoffer’s core insight was to locate the source of all truly mass movements in a collective sense of acute frustration. Not despair, or revolt, or resignation — but frustration simmering with rage. Mass movements, he notes (as did Tocqueville centuries before him), rarely arise when oppression or misery is at its worst (say, 2009); they tend to appear when the worst is behind us but the future seems not so much better (say, 2016)."
"And so late-stage capitalism is creating a righteous, revolutionary anger that late-stage democracy has precious little ability to moderate or constrain — and has actually helped exacerbate."
"But elites still matter in a democracy. They matter not because they are democracy’s enemy but because they provide the critical ingredient to save democracy from itself."
"In terms of our liberal democracy and constitutional order, Trump is an extinction-level event. It’s long past time we started treating him as such."
politics  democracy  Plato  philosophy  NYMagazine  *  USA  longreads 
june 2016 by pierredv
Taking the American Pulse This Election Season | RAND
Background story
"For the past decade, a RAND survey has asked and answered that question on topics as diverse as the economic crisis, health care reform, and the political force of one Donald J. Trump.
It's called the RAND American Life Panel, and whereas many surveys present snapshots of public opinion, this one offers a stop-motion film of changing tastes and evolving attitudes. That approach helped make it one of the most accurate surveys in the 2012 presidential elections—and it's about to face another test in the crucible of 2016."
polling  surveys  RAND  USA  politics  statistics 
may 2016 by pierredv
The Governing Cancer of Our Time - The New York Times
As Bernard Crick wrote in his book, “In Defence of Politics,” “Politics is a way of ruling divided societies without undue violence.” "And in walks Donald Trump. People say that Trump is an unconventional candidate and that he represents a break from politics as usual. That’s not true. Trump is the culmination of the trends we have been seeing for the last 30 years: the desire for outsiders; the bashing style of rhetoric that makes conversation impossible; the decline of coherent political parties; the declining importance of policy; the tendency to fight cultural battles and identity wars through political means."
politics  us  David-Brooks  NYTimes 
february 2016 by pierredv
AEI: Trump’s America -- Charles-Murray
If you are dismayed by Trumpism, don’t kid yourself that it will fade away if Donald Trump fails to win the Republican nomination. Trumpism is an expression of the legitimate anger that many Americans feel about the course that the country has taken, and its appearance was predictable. It is the endgame of a process that has been going on for a half-century: America’s divestment of its historic national identity.
Charles-Murray  AEI  US  politics  class  elections 
february 2016 by pierredv
This is actually what America would look like without gerrymandering - The Washington Post
"From a technological standpoint it's fairly straightforward -- a software engineer in Massachusetts named Brian Olson wrote an algorithm to do it in his spare time. As I described it in 2014, Olson's algorithm creates "optimally compact" equal-population congressional districts in each state, based on 2010 census data."
politics  usa  gerrymandering  WashingtonPost 
january 2016 by pierredv
David Runciman · How can it work?: American Democracy · LRB 21 March 2013
"American democracy is an amazing, fascinating, bewildering thing. There has never been anything else like it. Even now, as democracy becomes an ever more familiar feature of our world, there is still nothing like the American version. . . . Still, the promise has never entirely dissipated. And now we have a mixture of all these views of American democracy: lingering ideas of the promise, a continuing sense of the power, an ongoing preoccupation with the violence, but behind it all a return to the thought that was there at the beginning. It is starting to look implausible again. Can you really do politics like this and expect it to last?"
David-Runciman  LRB  podcasts  politics  USA 
january 2016 by pierredv
Reproducibility will not cure what ails science : Nature News & Comment - Sep 2015
“As the spotlight shines on reproducibility, uncomfortable issues will emerge at the interface of research and 'evidence-based' policy.” “This battle for the soul of science is almost surreal in its avoidance of the true issue, which is ideological. One side believes that the government should introduce stricter environmental regulations; the other wants fewer restrictions on the marketplace. Science is the battleground, but it cannot adjudicate this dispute.” “More and more, science is tackling questions that are relevant to society and politics. The reliability of such science is often not testable with textbook methods of replication.”
scientific-method  reproducibility  politics  NatureJournal 
september 2015 by pierredv
The rich get government handouts just like the poor. Here are 10 of them. - The Washington Post
"In case you are still skeptical that many of the non-poor — and, in fact, a lot of the rich — receive benefits from government, too (for which we don't make them pee in a cup or promise not to buy luxuries), we've rounded up some more examples below."
WashingtonPost  politics  welfare  poverty 
april 2015 by pierredv
Ozone hole: How we are misled in the fight to cut smog - opinion - 02 February 2015 - New Scientist
"Republicans now control both houses of Congress and are all for throttling President Barack Obama's plans to lower the federal limit on ozone smog, announced by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) right after the elections. They say it is unachievable, except at vast cost. This might surprise Europeans, who have been living with a tougher limit for some time. However, an analysis for New Scientist suggests that Europe's limits are less stringent than they appear." - "In the US, being in breach of the regulations means exceeding the limit on four or more days in a year, averaged over three years. So 11 breaches in any three-year period is fine, but 12 is not. In Europe, the limit can be exceeded up to 25 days a year, again averaged over three years. So up to 75 bad-air days are allowed in that time. That's a lot, but even so large parts of southern Europe failed that test for the period 2011 to 2013, because of a spike during the hot summer of 2013."
NewScientist  pollution  politics  risk-assessment  measurement 
april 2015 by pierredv
Total safety an illusion for Japan's nuclear restart - opinion - 03 December 2014 - New Scientist
"Two key questions come to the fore in such an earthquake-prone region: which hazards can nuclear plants withstand, and can society as a whole live with the risks posed by hazards that plants cannot withstand? The latter is an inherently political question." "Both pro- and anti-nuclear advocates have argued that nuclear plants should be restarted if and only if they can withstand a "worst-case" scenario – albeit with each side trying to game the definition of the worst case. This may sound sensible, but it is logically flawed. When it comes to natural hazards there is no "worst case"."
NewScientist  risk-assessment  opinion  pollution  politics  worst-case  nuclear 
april 2015 by pierredv
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