petej + protectionism   65

The Suffocation of Democracy | by Christopher R. Browning | The New York Review of Books
The fascist movements of that time prided themselves on being overtly antidemocratic, and those that came to power in Italy and Germany boasted that their regimes were totalitarian. The most original revelation of the current wave of authoritarians is that the construction of overtly antidemocratic dictatorships aspiring to totalitarianism is unnecessary for holding power. Perhaps the most apt designation of this new authoritarianism is the insidious term “illiberal democracy.” Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in Turkey, Putin in Russia, Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines, and Viktor Orbán in Hungary have all discovered that opposition parties can be left in existence and elections can be held in order to provide a fig leaf of democratic legitimacy, while in reality elections pose scant challenge to their power. Truly dangerous opposition leaders are neutralized or eliminated one way or another.

Total control of the press and other media is likewise unnecessary, since a flood of managed and fake news so pollutes the flow of information that facts and truth become irrelevant as shapers of public opinion. Once-independent judiciaries are gradually dismantled through selective purging and the appointment of politically reliable loyalists. Crony capitalism opens the way to a symbiosis of corruption and self-enrichment between political and business leaders. Xenophobic nationalism (and in many cases explicitly anti-immigrant white nationalism) as well as the prioritization of “law and order” over individual rights are also crucial to these regimes in mobilizing the popular support of their bases and stigmatizing their enemies.
USA  politics  history  1920s  1930s  fascism  TrumpDonald  nationalism  isolationism  protectionism  authoritarianism  Nazism  Hitler  polarisation  Weimar  democracy  McConnellMitch  KavanaughBrett  judiciary  Germany  Italy  totalitarianism  misinformation  control  funding  lobbying  tradeUnions  illiberalism 
october 2018 by petej
The mystery of ‘populism’ finally unveiled | openDemocracy
Let’s call things by their rightful names. Giving in to racism and xenophobia instead of dealing with the seemingly intractable problem of millions becoming ‘superfluous populations’ because of technological development (digitalization, robotization, automation) and of financial crisis and of the retrenchment of global demand; putting up fences to stop these millions trying to escape starvation and war instead of spreading the benefits universally; making deals with tyrants such as Erdogan, Modi or al-Sisi; being silent about the predicament of groups like the Rohingya; becoming more and more similar to the enemy – this is what the official Left are doing, and the name for this is treason.

It isn’t true that there is no difference between Left and Right, but it is true that the Left is disappearing fast, like it did in 1914.
Hungary  politics  OrbanViktor  populism  protectionism  TrumpDonald  immigration  anti-elitism  egalitarianism  politicalCorrectness  racism  xenophobia  fascism  dctagged  dc:creator=TamasGM 
march 2018 by petej
Jobs for all? In the US that idea is about to be tested to destruction | John Harris | Opinion | The Guardian
Across the world, in fact, what remains of the left and centre-left remains stubbornly wedded to visions of crowded production lines and the glories of the archetypal worker.

A more future-fit politics, built around the declining importance of paid employment and the need to rebuild policy accordingly, has yet to take shape; for the moment, the left and the hard right are awkwardly united not just in their disdain for globalisation, but also in their belief that politicians can get their countries back to an idyll of factories extending to the horizon and jobs for all.
USA  TrumpDonald  jobs  employment  manufacturing  infrastructure  protectionism  deregulation  automation  technology  delusion  nostalgia  post-work  dctagged  dc:creator=HarrisJohn 
january 2017 by petej
Trump's first speech in office was unapologetic appeal to nationalism | Gary Younge | World news | The Guardian
It is also why many in the US, and beyond, are not simply concerned about what comes next; they are genuinely terrified. An impulsive braggart and bigot is now in control of the world’s most powerful military and economy. Fear and malevolence won. The hands that once grabbed pussy now have access to the nuclear launch codes.
USA  politics  TrumpDonald  inauguration  speech  nationalism  authoritarianism  protectionism  racism  misogyny  bigotry  dctagged  dc:creator=YoungeGary 
january 2017 by petej
Farage v. Le Pen « LRB blog
"Like Farage, Marine Le Pen is exercised by corporate tax, but unlike him she wouldn’t cut it. Actually she’d hike it up as share values rose and lower it when profits were ploughed back into jobs and plant. She wants to close the loopholes in social security but wouldn’t withdraw the safety net; she’d create burgeoning, benefit-financed families of little French persons. She’d fight the enemy out there in the globalised economy and the free-market henchmen in Brussels who trash the lives of her compatriots with austerity policies and ‘ultra-liberal’ doctrines that enrich ‘international finance’. She is a full-on protectionist, or what’s politely called an economic nationalist, opposed to the privatisation of state assets and in favour of a labour-heavy civil service. She believes the national bank should lend to government at preferential rates and shield it from borrowing on the open markets.

She has turned her party around from the days of her father’s brief flirtation with market-liberal theology to formulate a kind of national socialist programme as coherent as Ukip’s is vague and contradictory. The only antipathies they have in common are for immigrants and European union as it stands. Neither looks like a serious programme for the future but hers has one conspicuous advantage over Ukip’s: consistency. A party that argues against the free movement of money, jobs, goods and services is well placed to make a case against freedom of movement for human beings, whether it hides its racism – as the FN tries to do – or proclaims it from the rooftops."
EU  EuropeanParliament  election  France  UK  LePenMarine  FarageNigel  FrontNational  politics  UKIP  policy  immigration  protectionism 
may 2014 by petej

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