petej + openaccess   265

Against capital – STUART LAWSON
Capitalism is the economic system that we all live in, and that all of our interactions as researchers, as students, and as people take place within. Methods of capitalist organisation – resources being given a price to be exchanged in markets to produce a profit for the owners – have become so deeply engrained in our cultural imaginary that it’s sometimes a struggle to remember that things can be otherwise. Neoliberalism is a political project to re-shape all social relations so that they conform to the logic of capital.1

Under neoliberal regimes, policy is designed to encourage us to think in a self-interested transactional way about how we all interact with each other. It turns us all not into capitalists, but rather into mini-capital ourselves, to act as what has been termed ‘entrepreneurs of ourselves’.2 In higher education, this is reflected in the quantification and metricisation of every aspect of life in universities, whether that’s through the tuition fees that – south of the border – put a price on the supposed value of education and turn students into ‘consumers’ who supposedly make decisions on what and where to study based on rational indicators of projected future earned income – the new Longitudinal Education Outcomes, or LEO, data is all about this; or through the rankings that pit universities against each other, in just one of the many ways that academics are forced to act competitively amongst themselves rather than co-operatively. Neoliberalism in education is not just about the overtly financial things like tuition fees, it’s about enforcing a market-like way of thinking about every aspect of our behaviour. When you’re told you need to publish in journals with a high impact factor and improve your h-index, you need to measure the impact of your research by tracking metrics of your research outputs, purely to demonstrate your value in the marketplace to get that job or grant rather than having anything to do with the actual quality of the work, that’s all part of it too.
openAccess  scholarlyCommunication  publishing  publishers  capitalism  neoliberalism  metrics  dctagged  dc:creator=LawsonStuart 
july 2017 by petej
Open access will remain a half-revolution – interview with richard Poynder
"In the end, the key question is whether the research community has the commitment, the stamina, the organisational chops and/or the resources to reclaim scholarly communication. While I would love to end on a positive note, I am personally doubtful that it has. The fact is that, OA advocates aside, there does not appear to be much appetite in the research community for giving up publishing in prestigious journals, and abandoning the notorious Impact Factor. More importantly, university managers and funders do not want to see anything that radical occur. We live in an age of bureaucratic scrutiny, and scrutineers crave simple and standard ways of practising their dark arts. That is exactly what the IF and legacy journals provide. If I am right, OA will surely remain a half-revolution, for now at least."
scholarlyCommunication  openAccess  research  publishers  publishing  journals  impact  APC  goldOA  funding  advocacy  HEFCE  mandates  repositories  greenOA 
march 2016 by petej
Sci-Hub is a scholarly litmus test | Sauropod Vertebra Picture of the Week
Sandy Thatcher rightly says “It is not the purpose of private enterprises to serve the public interest; it is to serve the interests of their stockholders”. That is precisely why private enterprises must not be handed control over scholarship.

What we see at the Scholarly Kitchen is that Esposito’s post is the work of someone who believes the whole purpose of scholarly publishing is to make money for publishers. At least you have to credit him for not hiding his position: as he’s argued before, “Scientific and technical publishing is a business.” But we simply cannot entrust the critical process of scholarly communication to people who don’t, or won’t, see that it’s a mission — and that the publishers are servants of that mission, not its masters.
Sci-Hub  scholarlyCommunication  copyright  publishing  publishers  ethics  research  openAccess  business  dctagged  dc:creator=TaylorMike 
march 2016 by petej
Impact of Social Sciences – Should you #DeleteAcademiaEdu? On the role of commercial services in scholarly communication.
"The key reasons why authors should choose first to work with their scholarly communities rather than purely commercial enterprises isn’t that making money is bad – we all have to earn a living – but that the goals and values aren’t necessarily in alignment."
education  higherEducation  universities  research  academia  VIVO  openSource  openAccess 
february 2016 by petej
Reason, Risk, and Reward: Models for Libraries and Other Stakeholders in an Evolving Scholarly Publishing Ecosystem — Cultural Anthropology
"In most discussions about scholarly publishing, we start from the premise that the way it is now is the way it has always been, and must continue to be. This is not only false but self-defeating—or maybe just lazy. We are where we are because we, or our predecessors, made it this way, and we can un-make it or re-make it to meet changing needs, and perhaps more important, to take advantage of new opportunities. The inertia to continue on the current path is strong, and the risks of change to the current established patterns and its beneficiaries are great. But in the end we have to ask whether our goal is to protect established patterns and interests or to serve the goals of scholarship, and where these are not in alignment, whether we are willing to make the effort toward making the system better serve the goals of academics and academia, as well as the public good.

Ultimately, we can either control and manage these changes ourselves or be beholden to, or even become victims of, those who do control and manage them. As those who produce the essential components of this ecosystem and who are their primary users—authors and readers—as well as those whom this ecosystem was primarily designed to serve, academics should reassert themselves in the scholarly communication and publishing system, and ensure that the ecosystem returns to its original goal of serving scholarship first."
scholarlyCommunication  journals  publishing  research  openAccess  publishers  businessModels  repositories  universities  libraries  greenOA  goldOA  APC  rights  licensing 
may 2014 by petej
The Conservative Social Scientist: What AcademicTorrents Says About the Social Sciences » Cyborgology
"As for why social scientists are always slow to pick up on important trends like Open Access journals or torrent data distribution systems, I can only imagine it has something to do with an embattled sensibility among social science departments that are afraid to take risks with their tenuously funded departments. Who can afford to fight a copyright battle with Elsevier when they’re losing their last staff member? Its a sullen and admittedly boring reason for such a fascinating problem but there you have it. We can, however, rejoice in the near-limitless possibilities that are just on the horizon. Imagine what could happen if fed-up adjuncts and freshly-minted PhDs started living their “undoable” dissertations."
education  higherEducation  universities  academia  socialSciences  humanities  science  openAccess  culture  technology 
february 2014 by petej
Why do academics blog? It's not for public outreach, research shows | Higher Education Network | Guardian Professional
"In our sample of blogs, this common room was, by and large, a friendly and safe space. There was a generosity of spirit that marked many of the blogs we read: information and assistance were freely provided and the usual barriers of disciplines, seniority and higher education ranking effects did not seem to apply, at least in obvious ways."
blogging  academia  scholarlyCommunication  openAccess 
december 2013 by petej
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