petej + discrimination   224

Is fair play in running more important than fairness to Caster Semenya as a human? | Gaby Hinsliff | Opinion | The Guardian
But both are different expressions of the same basic problem, which is that sport relies on strict binary divisions between men and women to create a level playing field. Yet society is drifting away from them, thanks not only to the shifting sands of gender identity but to greater medical understanding. There have almost certainly been elite sportswomen in the past with naturally sky-high testosterone levels that we simply didn’t know about. Semenya’s bad luck – and in some ways that of the experts asked to pass judgment on her – was to be born into a generation equipped with a more sophisticated but still incomplete scientific understanding of body chemistry, and vast anxiety about what it all means. Suddenly, sport’s sexual sorting hat is throwing up confused answers, and untangling them is a job for ethicists as much as for doctors.
SemenyaCaster  sport  sex  intersex  athletics  SouthAfrica  testosterone  transgender  fairness  ethics  discrimination 
may 2019 by petej
Ctrl-Alt-Delete: The Planned Obsolescence of Old Coders
Because of their deep knowledge and broad experience, older programmers are able to translate their knowledge into ordinary terms, which puts them in a position to act as ambassadors to the nonprogramming world.
developers  programming  work  jobs  management  ageing  discrimination  change  skills  training  coding 
march 2019 by petej
Amazon’s Home Security Company Is Turning Everyone Into Cops - Motherboard
Ring sells a very particular message: while you shouldn’t trust your neighbors, you can trust Amazon to help police it. The Neighbors app is free. But the more unsafe the app makes you feel the most inclined you would feel to dole out money for a Ring home security system.
Amazon  CCTV  surveillance  Neighbors  policing  crime  suspicion  Ring  NextDoor  racism  theft  discrimination  trust  distrust  fear  bias 
february 2019 by petej
Runnymede Trust / Islamophobia
Islamophobia is any
distinction, exclusion or restriction towards, or
preference against, Muslims (or those perceived
to be Muslims) that has the purpose or effect
of nullifying or impairing the recognition,
enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of
human rights and fundamental freedoms in the
political, economic, social, cultural or any other
field of public life.
UK  Islamophobia  hatred  racism  RunnymedeTrust  prejudice  discrimination  Muslims 
january 2019 by petej
Monthly Review | Marx on Immigration
Marx did not elaborate on his reasons for writing that Irish immigration reduced English workers’ wages. He implied that the cause was an oversupply of manual laborers, but his other statements indicate that he considered English xenophobia and the resulting antagonism among workers an even greater problem. The important point, however, is that he was not blaming lower wages on the immigrants themselves; for him the culprits were the colonial system that drove Irish workers to England, and the exploitation of these workers once they arrived.

The same considerations apply in the United States today. The main difference is the addition of legal status as a factor in setting wage levels—the laws that now make work “illegal” for millions of immigrant workers. Immigrant rights advocates may feel it is expedient to cite academic economists like Peri who downplay or deny the downward pressure exerted on wages by the exploitation of undocumented workers. It is not. As Columbia University economist Moshe Adler has noted, this approach does nothing to convince the many U.S. citizens who work in occupations with large numbers of undocumented immigrants and therefore “know firsthand that [exploitation of immigrant workers] puts direct downward pressure on their own wages.”16 Far from helping the movement, citing Peri only adds to these workers’ distrust and resentment toward middle-class immigrant rights advocates.17 More importantly, this approach distracts attention from efforts to address the real issues: the root causes of immigration in U.S. foreign policy, the super-exploitation of immigrant workers, and the common interests of immigrant and native-born workers.

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In his 1870 letter, Marx described what he then considered the overriding priority for labor organizing in England: “to make the English workers realize that for them the national emancipation of Ireland is not a question of abstract justice or humanitarian sentiment but the first condition of their own social emancipation.” His closing words of advice to Meyer and Vogt were similar: “You have wide field in America for work along the same lines. A coalition of the German workers with the Irish workers (and of course also with the English and American workers who are prepared to accede to it) is the greatest achievement you could bring about now.” This internationalist and class-based perspective has lost none of its good sense in the century and a half since it was written.
Marx  immigration  Ireland  England  USA  Mexico  CentralAmerica  migration  pay  wages  competition  supply  demand  language  skills  racism  discrimination  legal  deportation  workingClass  xenophobia  employers  sanctions  tradeUnions  internationalism  rights 
november 2018 by petej
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