paulbradshaw + factchecking   152

We're launching a podcast about fact-checking and misinformation | Poynter
We're launching a podcast about fact-checking and misinformation | Poynter
podcast  factchecking  t 
3 days ago by paulbradshaw
The red couch experiments: Early lessons in pop-up fact-checking » Nieman Journalism Lab
The participants saw four-minute excerpts of speeches by Barack Obama and Donald Trump that had been retrofitted with actual fact checks. We could manipulate the displays to show the checks in different formats — with a Truth-O-Meter rating from PolitiFact, with rating words such as “true” or “false,” or with just a “summary text” of facts that mostly left it to viewers to figure out if the claim was accurate.

RELATED ARTICLE
FactStream debuted live fact-checking with last night’s SOTU. How’d it go?
January 31, 2018
Our most important finding: People love this new form of TV fact-checking. Participants were unanimous that they would like a feature like this during political events such as debates and speeches. They said it would hold politicians more accountable for what they say. Some of the participants said they liked the service so much that they would choose a network that offered fact-checks over one that did not.
factchecking  Research 
7 days ago by paulbradshaw
An algorithmic nose for news - Columbia Journalism Review
The Duke University Tech & Check Cooperative has developed an algorithm called ClaimBuster to monitor CNN transcripts for claims that are fact-checkable — typically statements involving numbers — and send alerts about them to reporters. Every morning a list of “checkworthy” statements made on air is emailed to fact checkers at outlets such as The Washington Post and PolitiFact, and journalists can then determine their potential newsworthiness. “Algorithmic claim spotting is one of a growing number of applications of computational story discovery,” writes Nicholas Diakopoulos. “Whether monitoring political campaign donations, keeping an eye on the courts, surfacing newsworthy events based on social media posts, winnowing down hundreds of thousands of documents for an investigation, or identifying newsworthy patterns in large datasets, computational story discovery tools are helping to speed up and scale up journalists’ ability to surveil the world for interesting news stories.”
algorithms  ai  factchecking  t  alerts 
10 days ago by paulbradshaw
“Fact-Checking Africa”: Epistemologies, data and the expansion of journalistic discourse: Digital Journalism: Vol 6, No 8
The prominence of “fake news” today has sparked an open challenge to the legitimacy of traditional news media. As a result, a series of independent data-driven organisations are emerging to fact-check legacy news media as well as other news sources. This study examines how these actors advocate and adopt journalistic practice and the perceived impact they have on news journalism. We draw our data from in-depth interviews with 14 practitioners working in three organisations—Code for Africa, Open Up and Africa Check—that are currently leading major data and fact-checking operations in sub-Saharan Africa. Our findings show that while these non-journalistic actors are at the periphery of news media as institutions, their operations, activities and goals are at the heart of journalistic discourse. In their data strategies, they emerge as data advocates and activists seeking to reformulate fact-checking processes within news media.
Research  factchecking  africa 
4 weeks ago by paulbradshaw
Study finds neutral fact-checking doesn't convince voters to abandon ‘fake news’ | Tulane News
Tulane A-Z

News HomeNews Home /PR /Study finds neutral fact-checking doesn't convince voters to abandon ‘fake news’

Study finds neutral fact-checking doesn't convince voters to abandon ‘fake news’

October 30, 2018 1:30 PM

        

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Keith Brannon 
kbrannon@tulane.edu
504-862-8789

103018-clay-mholman533-pbc-5658.jpg



Study co-authors J. Celeste Lay (left) and Mirya Holman, associate professors of political science at Tulane. Photo by Paula Burch-Celentano.

 
If you’re having a political argument about voter fraud, you’d think that citing a nonpartisan, neutral source like Snopes or Politifact might be the best way to correct misinformation. 
Not so, according to a Tulane University study that found Republicans and Democrats weren’t persuaded to abandon false beliefs about election fraud after reading correct information from fact-checking organizations.
What did work? Surprisingly, both sides were most persuaded when the factual information was believed to be from conservative news source Breitbart.
“Our experimental results demonstrate that Republicans are more likely to correct their false information when cued with the ideologically consistent source, while Democrats were more persuaded by the ideologically inconsistent source,” said study co-authors Mirya Holman and J. Celeste Lay, associate professors of political science at Tulane’s School of Liberal Arts. “Neither group sharply corrected their beliefs when confronted with information from the fact-checking organization.”
The study was published in the Journal of Political Marketing.
factchecking  research  backfireeffect  s 
5 weeks ago by paulbradshaw
How Journalists and Social Media Users Perceive Online Fact-Checking and Verification Services: Journalism Practice: Vol 12, No 9
While services for fact-checking and verification to counter fake news in social media have increased, little research has investigated how journalists and the public perceive such services. This study reflects the outcomes of REVEAL, a three-year European Union research project investigating the use and impact of services for fact-checking and verification. Based on interviews with 32 young journalists and content analysis of social media users’ online conversations, we contribute new knowledge about the ways that journalists and social media users perceive online fact-checking and verification services. The findings suggest that, while young journalists were largely unfamiliar with or ambivalent about such services, they judged them as potentially useful in the investigative journalistic process. Yet, they were unwilling to rely exclusively on these tools for fact-checking and verification. A comparison of journalists’ perceptions with those of social media users reveals social media users are similarly ambivalent. Some accentuated the usefulness of such services, while others expressed strong distrust. However, the journalists displayed a more nuanced perspective, both seeing these services as potentially useful and being reluctant to blindly trust a single service. Design strategies to make online fact-checking and verification services more useful and trustworthy are suggested.
Research  factchecking  verification 
9 weeks ago by paulbradshaw
Stopping Fake News: The work practices of peer-to-peer counter propaganda: Journalism Studies: Vol 19, No 14
When faced with a state-sponsored fake news campaign propagated over social media, in a process we dub “peer-to-peer propaganda,” a group of volunteer Ukrainian journalistic activists turned fact checking into a counter-propaganda weapon. We document the history of StopFake, describe its work practices, and situate them within the literatures on fact checking and online news practices. Our study of its work practices shows that StopFake employs the online media monitoring characteristic of modern journalism, but rather than imitating new stories it applies media literacy techniques to screen out fake news and inhibit its spread. StopFake evaluates news stories for signs of falsified evidence, such as manipulated or misrepresented images and quotes, whereas traditional fact-checking sites evaluate nuanced political claims but assume the accuracy of reporting. Drawing on work from science studies, we argue that attention of this kind to social processes demonstrates that scholars can acknowledge that narratives are socially constructed without having to treat all narratives as interchangeable.
factchecking  Research  verification  fakenews  propaganda  ukraine 
9 weeks ago by paulbradshaw
These two chatbots will help you on your day-to-day work | dinfografia
Andrés Jiménez presents Facterbot as the first fact-checker chatbot on Facebook Messenger that helps to detect false stories on the internet. You can subscribe to occasional notifications, read a summary within the app or click on a call to action button to know more about it.
bots  factchecking  mcrosas  t 
11 weeks ago by paulbradshaw
Why Do People Share Fake News? A Sociotechnical Model of Media Effects – Georgetown Law Technology Review
fact-checking best resembles a movement for reform within journalism, particularly in a moment when many journalists and members of the public believe that news coverage of the 2016 election contributed to the loss of Hillary Clinton. However, fact-checking (and another frequently-proposed solution, media literacy) is ineffectual in many cases and, in other cases, may cause people to “double-down” on their incorrect beliefs, producing a backlash effect.
research  factchecking  backfireeffect  t 
july 2018 by paulbradshaw
iCheck: computationally combating "lies, d--ned lies, and statistics"
Are you fed up with "lies, d---ned lies, and statistics" made up from data in our media? For claims based on structured data, we present a system to automatically assess the quality of claims (beyond their correctness) and counter misleading claims that cherry-pick data to advance their conclusions. The key insight is to model such claims as parameterized queries and consider how parameter perturbations affect their results. We demonstrate our system on claims drawn from U.S. congressional voting records, sports statistics, and publication records of database researchers.
Research  statistics  automation  dj  factchecking 
july 2018 by paulbradshaw
Does factchecking have a women problem? - Full Fact
Some surveys have shown that women are more likely to say they avoid news than men and that women may have less political knowledge than men in countries around the world, although there is still an ongoing debate about why this is.
gender  factchecking  t 
july 2018 by paulbradshaw
Bayerischer Journalisten Verband
included in a list of twelve successful and courageous female journalists from Bavaria in the magazine of the Bavarian journalists’ association, mainly due to work in East Africa and the decision to create a media startup.
johannawild  factchecking  germany  studentwork 
june 2018 by paulbradshaw
WhatsApp is a black box for fake news. Verificado 2018 is making real progress fixing that. » Nieman Journalism Lab
We understand that WhatsApp is not like Twitter or Facebook — we see it as a private space for the users to interact with family and friends,” said Diana Larrea Maccise, content editor at Al Jazeera Media Institute. “So instead of using broadcast to spread our debunks, we opted for an individual relationship.” Verificado set up a WhatsApp line where users can send it information to verify; it then responds to those individual users. “We are not going to use our broadcast list to spread the debunk to people who aren’t actually inquiring about it,” she explained.
mexico  WhatsApp  chat  factchecking 
june 2018 by paulbradshaw
Explainers are tedious. Fact-checks can feel partisan. Is there a third way? » Nieman Journalism Lab
By moving the focus from misinformation (false information) to misperceptions (false beliefs), news organizations can simultaneously correct misperceptions among the public and potentially increase readers’ ability to meaningfully engage with the news. At the same time, by moving away from highly politicized “fact-checks,” they minimize the potential for partisan backlash.
explainers  factchecking  t 
april 2018 by paulbradshaw
Truth Goggles are back! And ready for the next era of fact-checking » Nieman Journalism Lab
Next you’re asked to read actual news articles that contain claims in PolitiFact’s database. In “highlight mode,” the claim in question is unobtrusively highlighted; click the text for PolitiFact’s evaluation. In “goggles mode,” all of the text that follows the first highlighted claim is blurred out, making it impossible to read on without engaging the claim first. In “safe mode,” all highlighted phrases are blocked out, forcing the user to reveal each one by one.
factchecking  tools 
april 2018 by paulbradshaw
Where Do Facts Matter?: The digital paradox in magazines’ fact-checking practices: Journalism Practice: Vol 12, No 4
Print magazines are unique among nonfiction media in their dedication of staff and resources to in-depth, word-by-word verification of stories. Over time, this practice has established magazines’ reputation for reliability, helped them retain loyal readers amid a glut of information sources, and protected them from litigation. But during the past decade, websites, mobile platforms, and social media have expanded the types of stories and other content that magazines provide for readers. Doing so has shortened the time between the creation and dissemination of content, challenging and in some cases squeezing out fact-checkers’ participation. This study examines the procedures applied to stories in magazines and their non-print platforms, seeking to discern what decisions were made in response to the speed of digital publication, what effects these decisions have had, what lessons have been learned and what changes have been made over time. The results suggest that fact-checking practices for print content remain solidly in place at most magazines, if executed with diminished resources; however, magazine media are also exploring new processes to ensure accuracy and protect their reputations in an accelerated media environment.
factchecking  Research  Magazines 
april 2018 by paulbradshaw
Boundaries Not Drawn: Mapping the institutional roots of the global fact-checking movement: Journalism Studies: Vol 19, No 5
The last five years have seen a global surge in political fact-checking, reporting that specializes in debunking political misinformation. A growing occupational movement, originating in the United States but increasingly international in scope, has sought to legitimize fact-checking as unbiased journalism, to establish common standards and practices, and to secure reliable funding for this emerging genre. As a genuinely transnational professional movement which includes practitioners from multiple journalistic cultures as well as other fields, fact-checking offers a new site to consider whether and how professional journalism is meaningfully becoming globalized. This paper models a novel approach to mapping a diverse organizational landscape in terms of institutional ties to the fields of journalism, academia, and politics. Drawing on fieldwork from two international gatherings of fact-checkers, I array fact-checking outlets on a ternary graph and review their competing understandings of the mission, the target, and the practices of fact-checking. I highlight areas of convergence as well as divergence in this organizational milieu, focusing particular attention on boundaries not drawn—the willingness of professional journalists in this global movement to share jurisdictional authority with non-journalists. I conclude with suggestions for a comparative research agenda focused on this emergent area of practice.
Research  factchecking 
march 2018 by paulbradshaw
Google suspends fact-checking feature over quality concerns | Poynter
Going forward, Google’s spokesperson said that they’re working to figure out how to improve the Reviewed Claims feature before re-launching it, adding that the company conducts about 150,000 experiments like that a year. While the feature won’t be scrapped entirely, they could not provide a timeframe for its reinstatement.
factchecking  google 
january 2018 by paulbradshaw
Automated, live fact-checks during the State of the Union? The Tech & Check Cooperative’s first beta test hopes to pull it off » Nieman Journalism Lab
Share the Facts was built originally as an embeddable widget for news articles but has evolved to an add-on for both Google Home and Amazon’s Alexa for users to ask the devices a question about a claim made by a celebrity, politician, or other newsmaker. The audio device can reply to the listener — if the statement aligned with the fact-check has already been processed by the fact-checking partners (including PolitiFact, The Washington Post, and Gossip Cop) and is in the database. But the user has to prompt the check: “One of the weaknesses of fact checking is that you basically have to do homework — you have to look it up,” Adair noted. There are more than 12,000 fact-checks in the Share the Facts database, but automation could be a clear opportunity to incessantly add more.
voice  alexa  factchecking  automation  live 
january 2018 by paulbradshaw
How (and why) to turn a fact check into a GIF | Poynter
Still, Chequeado would have the final say over the text used in the GIFs, so the fact-checkers agreed to a two month pilot. In what can only be described as a good deal, Chequeado gets paid from UNO for participating in this collaboration. In exchange, Chequeado credits them on Twitter, where the site has a strong following. (The GIFs are also uploaded to Facebook as short videos.)
gifs  factchecking 
december 2017 by paulbradshaw
Research on CrossCheck journalists and readers suggests positive impact for project
The process of working transparently, or having to ‘show your work’ to newsrooms that would otherwise be seen as competitors, resulted in higher quality journalism. Participants explained they were able to hold each other to account.
Collective, editorial decision-making allowed otherwise competitive newsrooms to make joint decisions about what to report and what to strategically ignore, so as not to provide oxygen to rumours.
Overall, the public’s contributions were useful and diverse, which provides an important (but hopefully an unnecessary) reminder to include the audience in future journalism collaborations.
research  factchecking  t  s  Transparency  collaboration 
december 2017 by paulbradshaw
After a rocky reception, Le Monde’s Décodex is almost a year into fighting <em>intox</em> (fake news) in France » Nieman Journalism Lab
Today, Décodex allows readers to search a database of around 1,000 websites and social media profiles (up from about 600 at launch in January). Sites are divided into four categories: those that regularly disseminate false information; those that are unreliable (occasionally publishing fake news, not citing sources); satire; and reliable. (The methodology is public, here.) There are also extensions for the Firefox and Chrome browsers, and a Facebook Messenger bot that users can ask to either verify a site or search for information on hoaxes that Le Monde has debunked (so far, about 160 hoaxes spread by more than 5,000 links).
factchecking  france  fakenews 
december 2017 by paulbradshaw
Factmata
A fact-checking community, leveraged by artificial intelligence
factchecking  ai 
november 2017 by paulbradshaw
This tool could help fact-checkers surface WhatsApp hoaxes | Poynter
With the browser extension installed, fact-checkers can highlight WhatsApp messages in Google Chrome or Firefox, right-click and add them directly to their Check workflow for their team to later debunk. Those workflows are not yet open to the public.
tools  factchecking  whatsapp  extension 
october 2017 by paulbradshaw
Veritable Flak Mill: A case study of Project Veritas and a call for truth: Journalism Studies: Vol 0, No 0
Flak may be concisely defined as political harassment and is detrimental to community for its strained ethical posture, cynicism, and corrosive impact on social and political bonds of trust. Following conceptualization of flak that differentiates it from scandal and activism, this investigation focuses on Project Veritas as its case study. Veritas is a right-wing flak mill that, using media, has set out to professionally damage people and organizations across almost a decade. The investigation telescopes in on two Veritas stunts that provoked reviews by the justice systems of California and Texas. In these cases, the California Attorney General and Texas special prosecutors delivered astringent criticisms of Veritas’ covertly-recorded “sting” videos, while largely or wholly exonerating their flak targets (Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now [ACORN], Battleground Texas). Along with conceptualizing and critiquing flak, the investigation concludes with a call for news that extends beyond fact-checking and the limited, complacent techniques of objectivity in favor of more ambitious pursuit of truth.
Research  ij  undercover  factchecking  objectivity 
october 2017 by paulbradshaw
These two studies found that correcting misperceptions works. But it’s not magic | Poynter
According to two recent studies, giving people corrective information about economic and political issues helps change their inaccurate views — in spite of partisan beliefs. This research joins other recent publications to find that people are not impossible to fact-check.
factchecking  t  Research 
october 2017 by paulbradshaw
Avoiding the 'sugar rush': Inside the BBC's 'slow news' operation - Digiday
RT @LouiseRidley: The BBC has invested in 'slow news' journalism - big fan of this approach via @digiday
bbc  slowjournalism  dj  ojjobs  s  factchecking 
september 2017 by paulbradshaw
Home | FactChecking Day
Scroll down to find resources on fact-checking, including a lesson plan for teachers, a fake news trivia quiz, a “hoax-off” among top debunked claims and a map of activities being held around the world in occasion of the day. For more tips & news about fact-checking, sign up to the API/Poynter weekly newsletter.
factchecking  tools  pedagogy  quiz 
september 2017 by paulbradshaw
Tech Lead - Full Fact
You at the Technical Lead at Full Fact. You design and build the scalable and reliable automated factchecking platform that powers our products. You also support a small team of developers.
ojjobs  factchecking 
september 2017 by paulbradshaw
Political Fact-Checking on Twitter: When Do Corrections Have an Effect?: Political Communication: Vol 0, No 0
In particular, we argue that strong social connections between fact-checkers and rumor spreaders encourage the latter to prefer sharing accurate information, making them more likely to accept corrections. We test this argument on real corrections made on Twitter between Janurary 2012 and April, 2014. As hypothesized, we find that individuals who follow and are followed by the people who correct them are significantly more likely to accept the correction than individuals confronted by strangers.
Research  factchecking  Twitter  t 
september 2017 by paulbradshaw
Reserarch (£) How Journalists and Social Media Users Perceive Online Fact-Checking and Verification Services
While services for fact-checking and verification to counter fake news in social media have increased, little research has investigated how journalists and the public perceive such services. This study reflects the outcomes of REVEAL, a three-year European Union research project investigating the use and impact of services for fact-checking and verification. Based on interviews with 32 young journalists and content analysis of social media users’ online conversations, we contribute new knowledge about the ways that journalists and social media users perceive online fact-checking and verification services. The findings suggest that, while young journalists were largely unfamiliar with or ambivalent about such services, they judged them as potentially useful in the investigative journalistic process. Yet, they were unwilling to rely exclusively on these tools for fact-checking and verification. A comparison of journalists’ perceptions with those of social media users reveals social media users are similarly ambivalent. Some accentuated the usefulness of such services, while others expressed strong distrust. However, the journalists displayed a more nuanced perspective, both seeing these services as potentially useful and being reluctant to blindly trust a single service. Design strategies to make online fact-checking and verification services more useful and trustworthy are suggested.
factchecking  Research  verification  t 
september 2017 by paulbradshaw
Are your Google search results another kind of filter bubble? The answer seems to be: Kind of » Nieman Journalism Lab
The AP is running a weekly listing of fake news stories that have gone viral, “Not Real News: A look at what didn’t happen this week.” (Sample listing: “Not real: Putin: ‘Pope Francis Is Not A Man of God.'”) I asked Amy Westfeldt, a manager at the AP Nerve Center who oversees the feature, how she compiles the listing and why links to the stories in question aren’t included in it:
fakenews  factchecking  homophily  google  Research 
august 2017 by paulbradshaw
The Facebook page of German daily Die Welt will talk to you like a friend — with gifs, jokes, and facts » Nieman Journalism Lab
“We’ve put more emphasis on what I’ve been calling counterspeech. If someone comments on our post with numbers, and the numbers they’re quoting are not from a credible source, we will respond. But we’re not just doing it for the person challenging us — you could argue that person is a troll who puts out fake numbers to get us to respond to them,” Salah-Eldin said. “We’re doing it for all the people on our page silently reading, who think, these numbers about refugees seem very high, but maybe it’s true? Then the comment stands there uncountered.” (ProPublica has taken a similar route on Twitter; its audience engagement team regularly tweetstorms facts and context around newsy issues, with the “no-bullshit-and-speaking-bluntly vernacular of social.”)
factchecking  germany  diewelt  fb  Comments  gifs 
august 2017 by paulbradshaw
“Stories may have political impact less by persuading than by reminding people which side they are on” » Nieman Journalism Lab
accounts that actively spread misinformation are significantly more likely to be bots.” Also, “humans do most of the retweeting, and they retweet claims posted by bots as much as by other humans. This suggests that humans can be successfully manipulated through social bots.” The paper offers a couple ideas on reducing bot activity; here’s one:
bots  Research  fakenews  factchecking  russia  whatsapp  chat 
july 2017 by paulbradshaw
Food allergies: True v False - BBC News
"VJ Jen Grieves put together a myth-busting video based on common beliefs around allergies. It had 48,000 10-second views on Facebook – just under half were on the BBC Good Food, which is great because it was the first time they have posted a lifestyle and health video. The video had had 5% engagement on the lifestyle page, and women aged 25-34 were the biggest audience group at 29%). On the website it had 86,288 plays. "
debunking  factchecking  video  bbc  allergies  health 
july 2017 by paulbradshaw
Brits and Europeans seem to be better than Americans at not sharing fake news » Nieman Journalism Lab
“A partisan divide in the reception of fact-checking.” A new report from the Duke Reporters’ Lab by Rebecca Iannucci and Bill Adair, written up by Poynter’s Alexios Mantzarlis, gives us more evidence of something we already knew: Conservative sites are way more likely to call fact-checking biased.
fakenews  factchecking  Research  elections  t 
june 2017 by paulbradshaw
Want to stop a spreading fake news story? Choose one of these four points of attack to fight back » Nieman Journalism Lab
Outlets that want to debunk fake news need to consider which of these four elements of a fake story is “the weak link in the chain” and attack from there, Nimmo said. “Is it a case where, for example, you see this story about the French election but that was posted online by an alt-right operative in the U.S.?”
fakenews  factchecking  t  corrections 
may 2017 by paulbradshaw
Le Monde is using Snapchat Discover to teach fake-news spotting - Digiday
The publisher has a 13-person fact-checking team, Les Décodeurs, which focuses on hard-nosed debunking — both stories and specific websites — on its own properties, Facebook and Twitter. On Snapchat, the approach is more educational, with Le Monde’s Discover team doing explainers and guides on how not to be fooled by fake news.

“The idea is not to point to one fake-news story after another, as there is so much of it, but to educate our audience to have good reflexes when they stumble on suspicious information,” said Le Monde’s Snapchat Discover editor Jean-Guillaume Santi.
factchecking  t  snapchat  fakenews 
april 2017 by paulbradshaw
UW professor: The information war is real, and we’re losing it | The Seattle Times
The mainstream press periodically waded into this swamp, but it only backfired. Its occasional fact checks got circulated as further evidence: If the media is trying to debunk it, then the conspiracy must be true.

Starbird is publishing her paper as a sort of warning. The information networks we’ve built are almost perfectly designed to exploit psychological vulnerabilities to rumor.

“Your brain tells you ‘Hey, I got this from three different sources,’ ” she says. “But you don’t realize it all traces back to the same place, and might have even reached you via bots posing as real people. If we think of this as a virus, I wouldn’t know how to vaccinate for it.”
fakenews  Research  factchecking  Twitter 
april 2017 by paulbradshaw
Is it time to completely rethink fact-checking? – Poynter
Fact-checking would start from the core issues that are being discussed in a campaign, or the big problems that face a community. The next step would be to find out what impressions people have that are correct and incorrect on those issues. Specific claims would be almost a third-order element in this system. The claims would be elements that have contributed to confusion or disagreement over an issue, but not the main story.

This approach would have a number of advantages...
factchecking  t  s  gatekeeping 
march 2017 by paulbradshaw
News Cultures or “Epistemic Cultures”?: News Cultures or “Epistemic Cultures”?: Journalism Studies: Vol 0, No 0
In order to gain an understanding of journalists’ conceptions of what being factual means, the present work supplements the existing insights of journalism studies and the sociology of knowledge and philosophy with data about journalists’ beliefs regarding the importance of detached observation and reporting things as they are, spanning 62 countries (N = 18,248). In essence, our goal is to contribute to a future theoretical account of why journalists possess the beliefs that they do vis-à-vis truth-seeking and knowledge-acquisition. Data point to a significant relationship between reporters’ level of freedom and their conceptions of knowledge and reality. We discuss the implications of these findings for the debate about the possibilities of universality and context-dependence of journalistic fact-finding.
Research  factchecking  culture  newsroom 
january 2017 by paulbradshaw
BBC sets up team to debunk fake news | Media | The Guardian
“We also need to explain what’s driving the news. We need slow news, news with more depth – data, investigations, analysis, expertise – to help us explain the world we’re living in.”
factchecking  t  bbc 
january 2017 by paulbradshaw
Hoaxy
Hoaxy visualizes the spread of claims and related fact checking online. A claim may be a fake news article, hoax, rumor, conspiracy theory, satire, or even an accurate report. Anyone can use Hoaxy to explore how claims spread across social media. You can select any matching fact-checking articles to observe how those spread as well.
Q: How does it work?
A: We track the social sharing of links to stories published by two types of websites: (1) Independent fact-checking organizations, such as snopes.com, politifact.com, and factcheck.org, that routinely fact check unverified claims. (2) Sources that often publish inaccurate, unverified, or satirical claims according to lists compiled and published by reputable news and fact-checking organizations.
fakenews  factchecking  tools  automation  verification 
january 2017 by paulbradshaw
How Le Monde is taking on fake news - Digiday
The plan is to build a hoax-busting database, which incorporates information on which sites are fake and which are verified, trusted sources, and readers can access via Google and Firefox Chrome extensions. The idea is that once a user has downloaded the extension, when they come across articles online a red flag will appear if the site or news is deemed fake, yellow if the source is unreliable or green if it’s ok.
verification  france  lemonde  fakenews  factchecking  automation 
november 2016 by paulbradshaw
“No one ever corrected themselves on the basis of what we wrote”: A look at European fact-checking sites » Nieman Journalism Lab
The report’s authors, Lucas Graves and Federica Cherubini, conducted interviews and did an online survey of fact-checking sites across European countries. Among their findings:

— “The legacy news media remain the dominant source of political fact-checking” — but that’s especially true in Western Europe. “In the East and the South, meanwhile, the practice is less a supplement to conventional journalism than an alternative to it, based almost entirely in NGOs and alternative media outlets.” For example:
factchecking  Research 
november 2016 by paulbradshaw
Facts We Can Believe In: How to Make Fact-Checking Better
RT : Wow! One of the best outlines of the field so far: How to make fact-checking better. via
factchecking  from twitter
october 2016 by paulbradshaw
Finally, fact-checking is the new black - American Press Institute
In terms of web traffic, debate-day was NPR’s best day ever. That is until Tuesday, which became its new best day ever, due to follow-up coverage of the debate. On debate day, NPR’s fact-checking content got 7.4 million views from more than 6 million users, along with 16,400 content “shares” using NPR.org’s share tools, said NPR publicist Ben Fishel. On Tuesday, 1 in 5 people who clicked on NPR’s annotated debate transcript read the entire 40-page document — a completion rate that is “something I’ve never seen, not only here but anywhere I’ve ever worked in journalism,” NPR developer David Eads told me.
The debate also sparked two days of record traffic at PolitiFact. The site had more page views on the day of the debate than any other day in PolitiFact’s 9-year history, said executive director Aaron Sharockman. “That record lasted one day. We beat it Sept. 27 and crossed more than 2 million page views,” Sharockman said in an e-mail. PolitiFact also reached 2.26 million people on Facebook on Monday, and added 18,500 followers in less than 24 hours to their brand-new Twitter account.
At The Washington Post, traffic to debate-night fact-checking was more than double the traffic from previous debates in this election cycle, Kessler said. He added that, in terms of unique visitors, the Post’s live fact-checking of Trump’s acceptance speech in July remains the Fact Checker blog’s biggest live event — “more than three times the entire best month of the 2012 [election] cycle,” Kessler said.  
factchecking  stats  seo  snapchat 
september 2016 by paulbradshaw
European Commission in the UK - European Commission
RT @thomasforth: @WoutervD the European Commission keeps a list of all the lies it has rebutted from the UK press. Depressing.
factchecking  eu  Hoax 
august 2016 by paulbradshaw
Boundaries Not Drawn - Journalism Studies -
The last five years have seen a global surge in political fact-checking, reporting that specializes in debunking political misinformation. A growing occupational movement, originating in the United States but increasingly international in scope, has sought to legitimize fact-checking as unbiased journalism, to establish common standards and practices, and to secure reliable funding for this emerging genre. As a genuinely transnational professional movement which includes practitioners from multiple journalistic cultures as well as other fields, fact-checking offers a new site to consider whether and how professional journalism is meaningfully becoming globalized. This paper models a novel approach to mapping a diverse organizational landscape in terms of institutional ties to the fields of journalism, academia, and politics. Drawing on fieldwork from two international gatherings of fact-checkers, I array fact-checking outlets on a ternary graph and review their competing understandings of the mission, the target, and the practices of fact-checking. I highlight areas of convergence as well as divergence in this organizational milieu, focusing particular attention on boundaries not drawn—the willingness of professional journalists in this global movement to share jurisdictional authority with non-journalists. I conclude with suggestions for a comparative research agenda focused on this emergent area of practice.
factchecking  Research 
june 2016 by paulbradshaw
From Nieman Reports: The future of political fact-checking » Nieman Journalism Lab
According to the Reporters’ Lab at Duke University, there are 96 active fact-checking projects in the U.S. and abroad, up by 50 percent since last year. And many are using advanced technologies to automate and accelerate the process. “The key to the future of fact-checking is getting the fact-checks virtually instant and making it so the fact-check is presented on the medium that the claim is made on,” says Bill Adair, director of the Reporters’ Lab and founder of PolitiFact.
factchecking  Research 
april 2016 by paulbradshaw
Will facts be victors or victims in the UK’s EU referendum campaign? – Poynter
I was interviewed by @poynter about #factchecking, #ddj and the UK's EU referendum campaign. Here's what I said:
cuttings  factchecking  eu  DJ 
march 2016 by paulbradshaw
Automated Fact Checking: The Holy Grail of Political Communication | Nordic APIs |
To this end, a number of applications may prove fruitful for automated fact-checking. Trooclick, for example, has developed an engine available as an API that extracts reported speech (both direct and indirect) from bodies of text, attributing it to the correct speaker and presenting the results as structured data. The engine can also be used to crawl news and social media platforms across the web, finding all instances of dialogue and delivering it to the user. It thus sources potentially “checkable” material for fact checkers without the laborious search process.
apis  factchecking  api 
march 2016 by paulbradshaw
There are 96 fact-checking projects in 37 countries, new census finds – Poynter
Fatigue of "he said/she said" reporting, disappointment with grossly inaccurate news and disenchantment with politicians of all stripes fuel reader demand for this form of journalism around the globe.

Outside the United States, a majority of fact-checking organizations are not affiliated with an established news organization. These fact-checkers are usually an expression of organized civil society and their distance from established media outlets is a part of their appeal to jaded readers.
factchecking  Research  GlobalFact 
february 2016 by paulbradshaw
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