owenblacker + history   224

The fantasy of Britain at war could be nearing its last hurrah
Banks was born in 1966; Johnson and Farage in 1964. Mark Francois, the Conservative MP who needs no encouragement to hold forth about his father’s wartime service and the necessity of standing up to Germany, entered the world in 1965. By the time they were even aware of such things, the end of the second world war was a quarter of a century away, and what remained of the empire was being mocked on TV by David Frost (“Fiji, Mauritius, Swaziland, the New Hebrides Condominium … and sweet Rockall”). But more than 50 years on, their secondhand nostalgia seems to have found a ready audience, as keen as them on the idea that Britannia could once again rule the waves and stick it to the continentals, if only the people Johnson calls “the doomsters and the gloomsters” would let her.

That the prime minister often presents this stuff wrapped in a sense of the absurd only highlights how ludicrously misplaced it all is. This is not just because of our impossible historical distance from the events these people eulogise and the social transformations that have happened in the meantime (self-evidently, to yearn for the spirit of pre-50s Britain runs the risk of celebrating a country that was monoculturally white and ridden with bigotry, and an imperial ideal racist in both theory and practice). Decades of cultural history have also undermined just about every aspect of the Brexiteers’ view of things.
¶¶

Yet the old illusions refuse to die. To state the obvious, much of the blame for this country’s enduring mixture of hubris, nostalgia and Europhobia can be laid at the door of the tabloid press. It is responsible for framing everything from Germany v England football matches to Jacques Chirac’s opposition to the Iraq war in terms of unfinished business from 1939-45, and the idea that many European countries owe us a debt of gratitude they have never paid off. But there are also other, more insidious influences at work. When the likes of Farage and Francois talk about the war, I hear not an authentic echo of the struggles and victories of 1939-45, but the big-selling and very stupid comics I used to buy as a child in the late 70s: Warlord and Victor, replete with stories of “Jerries” and “Japs”, such characters as Union Jack Jackson and Bomber Braddock, and the basic message they carried — that there was no finer expression of Britishness than charging at the enemy, hoping for the best.
by:JohnHarris  from:CommentIsFree  Brexit  imperialism  history  politics  race  geo:UnitedKingdom  BorisJohnson  ArronBanks  NigelFarage  MarkFrancois 
7 days ago by owenblacker
Tate Modern fountain tells 'jarring' history of British empire
Kara Walker’s Fons Americanus fountain, which opens to the public on Wednesday 2 October and is the latest Turbine Hall commission at Tate Modern, was inspired by the Queen Victoria memorial outside Buckingham Palace.

The Tate Modern curator Clara Kim said the hope was the work would ignite fresh debate of public monuments in Britain. “We hope that it encourages people to visit the commission itself, and then go back out into the city to look at where these monuments come from and the official accounts of our histories,” she said.

Described as a “sardonic counterprogram to the celebration of empire”, Walker was inspired by the Queen Victoria memorial after seeing it from her taxi window on the way to Heathrow, after accepting the Tate commission. The huge monument was also inspired by the Trevi fountain in Rome, and contains references to Damien Hirst’s formaldehyde shark, Winslow Homer’s Gulf Stream and JMW Turner’s Slave Ship.
by:LanreBakare  from:TheGuardian  KaraWalker  ClaraKim  TateModern  imperialism  colonialism  history  art 
20 days ago by owenblacker
Spain's Historic Offer of Citizenship to Sephardic Jews
Spain’s offer of citizenship to Sephardic Jews is a powerful gesture of atonement. The country today has one of the smallest Jewish populations in Europe: about 15,000 to 45,000 in a country of more than 46 million people. Yet, like so much of Spain’s complicated history with the Sephardim, the citizenship offer raises a host of questions. How many Sephardim would apply? What would be their reasons? And, if the law’s intent is to open “forever the doors of their homeland,” why does it have an expiration date?
¶¶

Hopes were high when the citizenship law was enacted. Members of the Spanish government and representatives of Jewish organizations in Spain predicted that 100,000 to 200,000 Sephardic Jews would apply. (Around the same time, Portugal enacted its own law welcoming the Sephardim to become citizens.)

The actual number approved for citizenship by the Spanish Ministry of Justice under the 2015 law has been surprisingly small—only 5,937 as of this month, according to the ministry. The total is still climbing as thousands of applications, including ours, are in the pipeline. But even optimistic predictions suggest the approval figure is unlikely to exceed 20,000.

Why so few?
by:KikuAdatto  from:TheAtlantic  geo:Spain  Judaism  Sephardim  immigration  genocide  history  antisemitism 
28 days ago by owenblacker
Lost empire: it’s a myth that Britain stood alone against Hitler
Fundamental to the way the war is now remembered is the idea that between 1940 and 1941 Britain “stood alone”. The myth of national isolation is particularly potent because it is one of the central pillars of the broader fantasy of British exceptionalism, a delusion that can only be maintained by wilful historical amnesia.

In a David Low cartoon, drawn as France was falling, and appearing in the Evening Standard on 18 June 1940, a British Tommy is shown standing by the coast. Rough seas hammer against the rocks and the bombers of the Luftwaffe thunder overhead. With a rifle in one hand, the Tommy raises his fist at the enemy aircraft. “Very Well, Alone” reads the caption.

Stirring stuff but Britain was not alone in June 1940. Indeed, over the six years of the war, Britain endured solitude for a matter of hours: on the same day Britain declared war both Australia and New Zealand issued their own declarations. Three days later South Africa entered the conflict and, the day after that, Canada.

By 1945 Britain had been joined in supposed solitude not just by the forces of the old “white” dominions, but by 2.25 million Indian soldiers (the largest volunteer army on earth) and a third of a million African servicemen. Almost 7,000 men from the Caribbean had joined the RAF and thousands of seamen from across the empire had served in the merchant navy. The empire sent money as well as men. Canada spent $1.6bn churning out RAF pilots and navigators, and the citizens of the distant Nigerian city of Kano, on the southern fringes of the African Sahel, raised £10,290. That money was sent to the British Treasury to purchase a Spitfire.
by:DavidOlusoga  from:TheGuardian  WW2  mythology  geo:UnitedKingdom  history  nationalism 
7 weeks ago by owenblacker
Britain’s Reichstag Fire moment
But if Hitler’s rise teaches us anything, it’s that the establishment trivialises demagogues at its peril. One disturbing aspect of the present crisis is the extent to which mainstream parties, including US Republicans and British Conservatives, tolerate leaders with tawdry rhetoric and simplistic ideas, just as Papen, Hindenburg, Schleicher and the rest of the later Weimar establishment tolerated first Hitler and then his dismantling of the German constitution. He could not have done it in the way he did without their acquiescence. Republicans know Trump is a charlatan, just as Conservatives know Johnson is lazy, chaotic and superficial, but if these men can get them votes, they’ll lend them support.

Weimar’s democracy did not exactly commit suicide. Most voters never voted for a dicatorship: the most the Nazis ever won in a free election was 37.4 per cent of the vote. But too many conservative politicians lacked the will to defend democracy, either because they didn’t really believe in it or because other matters seemed more pressing. As for rule by emergency decree, few people thought Hitler was doing anything different from Ebert or Brüning when he used Hindenburg’s powers to suspend civil liberties after the Reichstag Fire on 28th February 1933. That decree was then renewed all the way up to 1945. In this sense, democracy was destroyed constitutionally.
¶¶

For all the disturbing echoes, we are not reliving the 1930s. Strongmen like Orbán or Jair Bolsonaro (and those like Trump who seem to want to emulate them) don’t need violence to achieve their goals. They have been elected into office, not necessarily by masses disillusioned with democracy—voters, in other words, who are waiting for someone to start giving them orders—but by those who believe that the democracy we’ve had is a sham: that politicians do not listen to the common people, and that elites control everything.

It’s only after they’ve been elected that men like Orbán begin to dismantle the very system that brought them to power—muzzling a free press, attacking independent courts, even seeking to overturn election results they don’t like (as we’ve seen recently with the Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in Istanbul’s mayoral contest). The drive of Trump’s Republicans to impose onerous voter registration rules in the US, designed to depress turnout by African-Americans and others, also reveals an alarming contempt for basic democratic values. So too does the determination of Johnson and Dominic Cummings and their unelected, hard-right government to force through a disastrous no-deal Brexit without parliamentary approval and against the wishes of the majority of the population.
by:RichardJEvans  from:Prospect  Brexit  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:UnitedStates  BorisJohnson  DonaldTrump  fascism  democracy  history 
7 weeks ago by owenblacker
Britain’s story of empire is based on myth. We need to know the truth
Brexiter ideology is contradictory. It simultaneously insists on pride in the British empire (accompanied by the delusion that former colonies are eager for a close bond with their erstwhile masters) and stokes harsh anti-immigrant sentiment. The Runnymede Trust’s report, however, points to the simple fact that the history of migration cannot be separated from that of empire. The presence of African, Caribbean and Asian communities in this country is tied to the great and lasting upheavals of British colonialism including economic hardship, land dispossession, ethnic and social cleansing, labour exploitation and wealth loss, often caused by the migration of large numbers of Britons to colonial possessions where they sought to escape poverty in Britain or to enrich themselves further. As late as the 1950s, advertisements were encouraging Britons to move to Kenya for cheap land and farm labour. The British Nationality Act of 1948 was intended mainly to facilitate immigration from the “white” dominions of New Zealand and Australia but also enabled the arrival of black and Asian migrants such as the “Windrush generation” who came here from the Caribbean as British subjects and filled a desperate labour shortage. Some understanding of this backstory would help when black and Asian Britons are asked to account for their presence in Britain as they all too frequently are.

Here’s the irony. While discussions of the British empire invariably generate toxic divides, it is in fact this very history that can provide sought-after “common ground” on which to examine the necessarily complex question of what it means to be British today. All Britons, white and ethnic minority, are touched every day by imperial legacies, from what we eat and drink – coffee, cocoa, sugar, tea – to the multinational corporations and banks we work for or buy from, to our basic assumptions and categories of thought including concepts such as race, development, free trade and globalisation which were forged in the crucible of empire. Colonial history also provides context for many contemporary British concerns from identity, multiculturalism and humanitarianism to foreign aid, hard borders and sovereignty.

Moreover, the history of the empire shows us not only that there is nothing especially “British” about values such as tolerance, freedom, human rights or democracy but that often what we call “British values” were influenced by both empire and resistance to empire. The oft-told story of a benevolent Britain “bestowing” freedom on her colonies when they were deemed ready for it is largely myth. In reality, resistance, often violent resistance alongside famous non-violent movements, was a central part of the story. Colonial subjects often had their own ideas about the meaning of “freedom” – like the Jamaican rebels of 1865, who rejected the notion that they were “free” to sell their labour to plantation owners after being released from bondage, and demanded small plots of land in which they could be truly independent. “Freedom”, it became clear, has many meanings and today we are often presented with a rather narrow version mainly to do with consumer choice.

An honest and informed understanding of the British empire and its afterlife is also vital because it can help us go beyond the questionable model where ethnic and cultural minorities in Britain are required to “integrate” into a static model of “Britishness” owned by white Britons.
by:PriyamvadaGopal  from:CommentIsFree  imperialism  colonialism  history  geo:UnitedKingdom  race 
july 2019 by owenblacker
Scotland on the brink: the nation's final years of independence
What was life like in Scotland as it considered union with England in 1707? Karin Bowie takes the pulse of a nation as its people faced a seismic decision.
by:KarinBowie  from:HistoryExtra  geo:Scotland  history 
may 2019 by owenblacker
How Britain’s dark history with Ireland haunts Brexit
Overall though, Irish people certainly can’t help but breathe a long sigh at the historical irony of the current predicament. Northern Ireland  – a legacy of both King James VI’s colonisation in the early 17th century, and of Ireland’s exit from the United Kingdom in the early 20th century is now the thing that comes back to bite the UK in the political ass.

This, during a Brexit project driven in large part by English nationalists who hark back to the old days of the British empire, built on false or faulty foundations about what the EU is, and on idealised and shaky notions of the historical positive effects of the British empire on countries like Ireland.  

As a result of our history, the attitude in Ireland towards the UK is sometimes “you reap what you sow”, with a certain sense of schadenfreude thrown in. Were he alive my own grandfather would get no end of joy out of watching the “old enemy” self destruct.
by:GavinSheridan  from:NewStatesman  geo:Ireland  geo:UnitedKingdom  Brexit  famine  history  imperialism  colonialism 
february 2019 by owenblacker
Bill Gates tweeted out a chart and sparked a debate on global poverty
Not so fast. In a Guardian article titled “Bill Gates says poverty is decreasing. He couldn’t be more wrong,” Hickel raises a variety of objections to the chart:

1️⃣ The $1.90-a-day line is “obscenely low,” and “earning $2 per day doesn’t mean that you’re somehow suddenly free of extreme poverty.” A minimum of $7.40 per day, at least, is necessary for “basic nutrition and normal human life expectancy.”
2️⃣ Using the percentage of people in poverty is misleading, and we should instead focus on the absolute number of people in poverty, which according to Hickel’s preferred $7.40-a-day line has increased since 1981.
3️⃣ All the numbers before 1981, when the World Bank began collecting detailed survey data on poverty, are illegitimate: “Anything before that is extremely sketchy, and to go back as far as 1820 is meaningless. Roser draws on a dataset that was never intended to describe poverty, but rather inequality in the distribution of world GDP — and that for only a limited range of countries.”
4️⃣ The chart erases the toll of colonialism, particularly in the 1820 to 1981 period. “The world went from a situation where most of humanity had no need of money at all to one where today most of humanity struggles to survive on extremely small amounts of money,” Hickel writes. “The graph casts this as a decline in poverty, but in reality what was going on was a process of dispossession that bulldozed people into the capitalist labour system, during the enclosure movements in Europe and the colonization of the global south.”
5️⃣ Related to point 4, it’s not clear that going from a pre-monetary society to a monetary society — even if that monetary society is cutting monetary poverty at a rapid rate — represents an improvement in living standards, especially when that transition happened in large part due to violence and coercion by Western powers.
6️⃣ “Virtually all” the reduction in extreme poverty occurred in China, which relied on extensive state support for industry and exports. “It is disingenuous, then, for the likes of Gates and [Steven] Pinker to claim these gains as victories for Washington-consensus neoliberalism,” Hickel writes.
by:DylanMatthews  from:Vox  BillGates  poverty  economics  JasonHickel  MaxRoser  from:OurWorldInData  history 
february 2019 by owenblacker
We can’t wait for a people’s vote: make the case against Brexit right now
The 10th-century court of Æthelstan was a cosmopolitan magnet to scholars from all over the continent. And need we mention that the Anglo-Saxons were themselves migrants from northern Europe? The Faragiste tendency, which imagines a British past pure and unsullied by the taint of Europe, imagines a past that did not exist.

So there should be no apologies for clanging the church bells and crying havoc at the prospect of Brexit on 29 March. Viewed one way, that date became a tad less scary this week, thanks to Jeremy Corbyn, whose letter to Theresa May, offering Labour approval for an exit path out of the EU via a permanent customs union, makes a no-deal crash-out less likely. For inching us away from that catastrophe, Corbyn deserves credit. On the other hand, for inching us closer to Brexit happening at all, and with Labour’s blessing, he deserves blame.
by:JonathanFreedland  from:CommentIsFree  Brexit  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom  NigelFarage  TheresaMay  JeremyCorbyn  history  Æthelstan 
february 2019 by owenblacker
The idea of deep continuity in British history is absurd. We’ve always been in flux
After 40 years in the EEC/EU, the economy has changed radically again. London is where world capitalism does business, no longer one where British capitalism did the world’s business, as before 1914. Foreign capitalists own the infrastructures and factories of the UK, rather than the other way around. The world owed the British rich a living – they now depend on the capital of foreigners. Politics have changed radically, too. …

Too many commentators have asserted that the Brexit vote represented an imperial throwback. A more plausible explanation is that it was an inchoate cry of nationalist rage from inner England, largely from those who grew up in a national age when there was national industry making national goods. There has also been far too much emphasis on the ideas of Brexiter politicians as imperialist or nationalist. Far more significant is a pining for Edwardian unilateral free trade. Rather than rebuild what is left of the British nation’s industry and agriculture, they would destroy it.
by:DavidEdgerton  from:CommentIsFree  Brexit  economics  history  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom 
november 2018 by owenblacker
✊🏿Black Aziz aNANsi✊🏿 on Twitter: "Ok y'all I'm sick and tired of folks saying that racism will eventually go away when the older generation dies off. It won't & I'll prove it"
Ok y'all I'm sick and tired of folks saying that racism will eventually go away when the older generation dies off. It won't & I'll prove it

First I wanna state that racism has not changed at all. Racist white folks have been using the same tired arguments for over 100 years
from:Twitter  race  history  reference 
october 2018 by owenblacker
LGBT History Is the Instagram Account Making Queer History More Accessible
While there always has been a great deal of joy in our work, we are ultimately propelled by an angry determination to learn the details of queer history, as well as to expand, add nuance to, and correct the public record of that history. Being denied history is a fundamental part of queer persecution; dominant cultures work very hard to diminish the importance of our lives and our stories, and that absolutely includes the erasure by queer people of women, people of color, trans people, disabled people, those with non-normative body types, femmes, butches, radicals, undereducated individuals, and anyone else who doesn’t “fit the mold” cast by heteronormative forces from within and outside the queer community.

Despite the incredible work of many academics, archivists, photographers, and grassroots historians, the community has only begun to understand its own story. We know what we’ve sought out and we know what we’ve heard (the former tends to be that which the individual wants to hear, and the latter that which people with access to the machines of power want us to hear). But it’s nearly impossible to find broadly inclusive, accessible guides to queer history, ones that present the interrelated stories of the countless subcommunities that make up our past, present, and future.

That should piss you off.
by:MatthewRiemer  by:LeightonBrown  QueerHistory  Instagram  history 
september 2018 by owenblacker
Historical nonsense underpins UK’s Brexit floundering
Like former UK foreign secretary Boris Johnson in a Burmese temple, one cannot help but think of the words of Rudyard Kipling. “They are whimpering to and fro,” he lamented in his 1891 poem The English Flag, “what should they know of England who only England know?” Very little, it appears, as the pied pipers of Brexit have peddled a past that blinds Britain to reality. Politicians, public, and press need remedial history lessons before it’s too late.

The Brexiteers’ historical narrative begins by mangling the medieval. “The first Eurosceptic,” according to Tory Brexiteer Jacob Rees-Mogg, was the ninth-century Anglo-Saxon King Alfred the Great, who defeated the Norse ‘great heathen army’ in 865. Rees-Mogg likens the European Union to the Vikings, opposing a financial settlement with Brussels by quoting Kipling’s warning: “If once you have paid him the Danegeld, you never get rid of the Dane.”

The absurd anachronisms keep coming: the Guardian offers us Anglo-Danish “King Canute’s lessons for Brexit”, while MEP Daniel Hannan christens the Battle of Hastings “England’s Nakba” (the Arabic term for the Palestinian exodus of 1948), the beginning of centuries of “oppression” (of England, in case you’re confused).
by:ChristopherKissane  from:IrishTimes  Brexit  history  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom 
september 2018 by owenblacker
The New Passport-Poor
In Casablanca, the ex-lovers Rick Blaine (Humphrey Bogart) and Ilsa Lund (Ingrid Bergman) reunite in the Moroccan port city where Ilsa and her husband, Victor Laszlo, have fled. Most people remember the movie as a story about love during wartime, and at first glance, it is: the pair ultimately renounce their love to help Laszlo, a Czech resistance leader, stick it to the Nazis. But the film’s entire plot—and, indeed, the very condition for Ilsa and Rick’s reunion—hinges on something much more mundane: Ilsa and Laszlo’s pursuit of travel documents. The papers themselves aren’t much to look at—just two folded sheets marked with an official’s signature—but in the film, as in real life, they can make the difference between life and death.
by:AtossaAraxiaAbrahamian  from:TheNewYorkReviewOfBooks  passport  history  politics  biometrics 
september 2018 by owenblacker
East Germany: Hitler Era? Someone Else’s Past
One of the remarkable discoveries on a journey through East Germany is that virtually no one holds himself accountable in any way for the Germany of the past—or even related to it.

When conversation turns to Hitler and history, it becomes evident that East German Communists and intellectuals regard themselves as citizens not only of a separate German state but of a new one. They speak of their society not as a piece of Germany but as if it were a ‘healthy’ mutation of the still ailing parent nation in the West.
from:TheNewYorkTimes  geo:EastGermany  fascism  history 
august 2018 by owenblacker
Walter Hood: How urban spaces can preserve history and build community
Can public spaces both reclaim the past and embrace the future? Landscape architect Walter Hood has explored this question over the course of an iconic career, with projects ranging from Lafayette Square Park in San Francisco to the upcoming International African American Museum in Charleston, South Carolina. In this inspiring talk packed with images of his work, Hood shares the five simple concepts that guide his approach to creating spaces that illuminate shared memories and force us to look at one another in a different way.
by:WalterHood  from:TED  urbanism  slavery  race  geo:UnitedStates  geo:Charleston_NC  geo:SanFrancisco  geo:NewYork  history 
august 2018 by owenblacker
Is the gun the basis of modern Anglo civilisation?
Colonial officials in particular feared that Indians would acquire knowledge leading to improved weapons-manufacturing. Facilitating or allowing the spread of knowledge of metalworking among South Asian colonials presented a simple danger. The ‘step from a knowledge of smelting Metals and the manner of casting them into certain forms to that of casting Cannon Shot and Shells is so inconsiderable that if the Natives once acquired the former art they would soon become Masters of the latter’, wrote a company official. The EIC’s leadership likewise insisted that its ammunition laboratories at Fort William remain a mystery:

“No Indian, black or person of mixed breed, nor any Roman Catholic of what nation soever, shall, on any pretence, be admitted or set foot in the Laboratory or any of the military magazines, either out of curiosity or to be employed in them, or to come near them so as to see what is doing or contained therein.”

This was the European culture of knowledge-sharing.

In 1813, the EIC considered closing the Fort William foundry out of fear that knowledge about casting might spread. Thus, while EIC arms purchases stimulated industrial revolution in England, the EIC prevented analogous stimulation of metalworking in the subcontinent, and took steps to counter it. EIC officials were sure that arms manufacture lay at the heart of industrial progress, and they helped create the divergence between East and West. In their ad hoc decisions lie the beginnings of global industrial disparities. That was what empire was about. As British industrialism took off, Indian economic development was reoriented to serve it.

Preventing exposure to British knowledge and suppressing Indian development was a big part of the battle, but the British also strove to suppress existing Indian knowledge and close down relationships in which other Europeans might share skills and knowledge with Indian states.
by:PriyaSatia  from:Aeon  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:BritishRaj  geo:India  imperialism  colonialism  industry  history 
february 2018 by owenblacker
First modern Britons had 'dark to black' skin, Cheddar Man DNA analysis reveals
Tom Booth, an archaeologist at the Natural History Museum who worked on the project, said: “It really shows up that these imaginary racial categories that we have are really very modern constructions, or very recent constructions, that really are not applicable to the past at all.”

Yoan Diekmann, a computational biologist at University College London and another member of the project’s team, agreed, saying the connection often drawn between Britishness and whiteness was “not an immutable truth. It has always changed and will change”.
¶¶
The results pointed to a Middle Eastern origin for Cheddar Man, suggesting that his ancestors would have left Africa, moved into the Middle East and later headed west into Europe, before eventually crossing the ancient land bridge called Doggerland which connected Britain to continental Europe. Today, about 10% of white British ancestry can be linked to this ancient population.
by:HannahDevlin  from:TheGuardian  history  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:Europe  race 
february 2018 by owenblacker
Britain’s imperial fantasies have given us Brexit
For while the Brexit vote was certainly underpinned by a melancholic longing for a glorious past, the era it sought to relive was less the second world war than the longer, less distinguished or openly celebrated period of empire. For if memories of the war made some feel more defiant, recollections of empire made them deluded. Our colonial past, and the inability to come to terms with its demise, gave many the impression that we are far bigger, stronger and more influential than we really are. At some point they convinced themselves that the reason we are at the centre of most world maps is because the Earth revolves around us, not because it was us who drew the maps.
¶¶
Douglas Carswell, the sole Ukip MP during the referendum, was raised in Uganda; Arron Banks, who bankrolled Ukip and the xenophobic Leave.EU campaign, spent his childhood in South Africa, where his father ran sugar estates, as well as in Kenya, Ghana and Somalia; Henry Bolton, the current head of Ukip, was born and raised partly in Kenya; Robert Oxley, head of media for Vote Leave, has strong family ties to Zimbabwe.
¶¶
But if echoes of empire reverberated through the campaign, they have also framed our negotiating strategy. The past 18 months have illustrated the journey from hubris to humiliation. For a couple of generations, we have seen our attributes and others’ weaknesses through the wrong side of a magnifying glass; now our diminished state is becoming fully apparent, and, like Boris Johnson, the foreign secretary, reciting Kipling in Myanmar, we are struggling to adjust.
¶¶
Lacking authority and coherence, haemorrhaging relevance and credibility, May is a faithful reflection not only of her government but of the country at this moment. Brexiteers have ostensibly got what they want: Brexit. They assumed we could dictate the terms; we can’t. They assumed we could just walk away; we can’t. They had no more plans for leaving than a dog chasing a car has to drive it. They are now finding out how little sovereignty means for a country the size of Britain in a neoliberal globalised economy beyond blue passports (which we could have had anyway).
by:GaryYounge  from:CommentIsFree  Brexit  political  imperialism  history  geo:UnitedKingdom  TheresaMay 
february 2018 by owenblacker
'People are starting to understand': huge Invasion Day protest stuns Melbourne
The events start at the same time, and until a few years ago only one was accommodated. Before 2015, the Invasion Day rally was seen as just a group of hardcore activists; they didn’t register in the minds of the flag-waving crowd that turned out to watch the official proceedings. That was then. On Friday, when the Invasion Day march reached the barricades that had been pushed aside after the parade moved on, it significantly outnumbered the Australia Day event. Crowd estimates were between 40,000 and 60,000 people. It stretched the length of four city blocks, picking up stragglers and people who were on the street only because they had watched the official parade.
by:CallaWahlquist  from:TheGuardian  geo:Australia  InvasionDay  politics  decolonisation  imperialism  history  AboriginalPeoples  race 
january 2018 by owenblacker
Mexico: 500 years later, scientists discover what killed the Aztecs | World news | The Guardian
Within five years as many as 15 million people – an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language. Its cause, however, has been in questioned for nearly 500 years.

On Monday scientists swept aside smallpox, measles, mumps, and influenza as likely suspects, identifying a typhoid-like “enteric fever” for which they found DNA evidence on the teeth of long-dead victims.
from:AgenceFrancePresse  history  epidemiology  Aztecs  geo:Mexico 
january 2018 by owenblacker
Scotland's historic sites at high risk from climate change, report says | Environment | The Guardian
Historic Environment Scotland (HES), the agency which oversees nearly 340 of the country’s most important castles, abbeys, Neolithic sites and ruins, has for the first time issued red warnings for nearly a fifth of its sites and put amber, high risk warnings against another 70%.

Of those, 28 sites are identified as at the greatest risk because they are not yet properly protected. Those include Fort George , a vast fortress built near Inverness after the battle of Culloden, 800-year-old Inchcolm abbey and Inchcolm island on the Firth of Forth, and the Brough of Birsay, a Pictish and Viking-settled island in Orkney’s world heritage site, threatened by sea level rises and storms.
by:SeverinCarrell  from:TheGuardian  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:Scotland  ClimateChange  history 
january 2018 by owenblacker
Louise Michel, héroïne de la Commune
Louise Michel est morte un 9 janvier
il y a 113 ans

c'était une très très très grande dame

alors je vais (une fois de plus je sais, mais elle le mérite) vous raconter sa vie
by:MathildeLarrere  from:Twitter  LouiseMichel  history  geo:France  ParisCommune  anarchism  revolution 
january 2018 by owenblacker
Why do archive files on Britain’s colonial past keep going missing?
It is deeply concerning, therefore, to discover that about 1,000 files have gone missing after being removed by civil servants. Officially, the archives describe them as “misplaced while on loan to a government department”.

The files, each containing dozens of pages, cover subjects such as the Troubles in Northern Ireland, the British colonial administration in Palestine, tests on polio vaccines and territorial disputes between the UK and Argentina. It is unclear whether duplicates exist.
¶¶
Many Britons have grown up believing their homeland saved and civilised the world, while atrocities, genocide and human rights abuses often go unmentioned. Successive governments have failed to narrow this knowledge gap, whether by setting up truth commissions, establishing a museum of colonialism or teaching schoolchildren about colonialism as part of the standard curriculum.
by:SiobhanFenton  from:CommentIsFree  imperialism  colonialism  genocide  history 
december 2017 by owenblacker
Travel guides to segregated US for black Americans reissued
“The heart of the book is a fairly short list of places where black people could have stayed. You look up your home town, and maybe there’s no places listed, or maybe there’s three … and two of them are ‘tourist homes’, basically the Airbnb of the day, private residences that would rent you one of their rooms to crash for the night. There’s this certain expectation that the book might be filled with angry polemics about how unfair this all is, or explaining why this guide was needed, but there’s little of that. The person buying this understood very well what the situation was, they were living it every day. So there were things like Victor Green writing about how he expected that some day this guide would no longer be needed – he didn’t live to see that day, alas – but for the bulk of the book it is just practical information, listings and ads.”
by:AlisonFlood  from:TheGuardian  apartheid  geo:UnitedStates  history  date:1950s  date:1960s  race 
december 2017 by owenblacker
A mission for journalism in a time of crisis
What is becoming clear is that the way things have been run is unsustainable. We are at a turning point in which, in writer Naomi Klein’s words, “the spell of neoliberalism has been broken, crushed under the weight of lived experience and a mountain of evidence”. (Klein defines neoliberalism as “shorthand for an economic project that vilifies the public sphere”.) Perhaps the markets don’t have all the answers after all. The Financial Times columnist Martin Wolf, who says that many had not understood how “radical the implications” of worsening inequality would be, suggests that the political backlash to globalisation could possibly produce a “fundamental transformation of the world – at least as significant as the one that brought about the first world war and the Russian revolution.”
¶¶
This is a dangerous moment: these are fertile grounds for authoritarianism and fascistic movements, and it’s no surprise that people feel anxious and confused. The desire to belong can just as easily find a home in dark places; new ways of participating can just as easily be used to foster hate.

But it is the presence of all these crises that recalls AJP Taylor’s remark that Peterloo “began the breakup of the old order” – and I cannot help wondering if this is another such moment. After the fever of Peterloo, amid mass demands for the vote, the Manchester Guardian caught the mood of the people, and found a way to respond – not to deny what was happening or minimise it, but to acknowledge it, contextualise it, analyse it, try to understand it, to “turn it to beneficial account”.

The urgent question now, then, is how the Guardian should do that today.
by:KatharineViner  from:TheGuardian  journalism  history  geo:UnitedKingdom  neoliberalism  globalisation 
november 2017 by owenblacker
I used to lead tours at a plantation. You won’t believe the questions I got about slavery.
Up until about a year ago, I worked at a historic site in the South that included an old house and a nearby plantation. My job was to lead tours and tell guests about the people who made plantations possible: the slaves.

The site I worked at most frequently had more than 100 enslaved workers associated with it— 27 people serving the household alone, outnumbering the home's three white residents by a factor of nine. Yet many guests who visited the house and took the tour reacted with hostility to hearing a presentation that focused more on the slaves than on the owners.
by:MargaretBiser  from:Vox  slavery  history  geo:UnitedStates  race  education 
september 2017 by owenblacker
How Germany responds to “blood and soil” politics
Commentators and politicians guard this boundary carefully, for example by eschewing the register and language of the far right. They tend not to brand critics and opponents “traitors”, “saboteurs” or the like. Migrants are rarely denominated in “swarms” or “floods”. The Bild Zeitung, a right-wing tabloid and Germany's most-read newspaper, has criticised elements of the government's handling of the refugee crisis. But it proudly stands up for the principle of welcoming foreigners in need; in 2015 its then editor-in-chief even pointedly took in refugees to his home. The result is a decidedly sober and unemotional style of public debate less prone than that of other countries to grandstanding or furious invective. The Berlin terrorist attack in December was reported factually and without panic; frothing reactions in the Anglo-Saxon press (and on Mr Trump's Twitter feed) contrasting with the stoical mood here.
from:TheEconomist  race  history  fascism  geo:Germany  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:UnitedStates  geo:Charlottesville  HateSpeech  Shoah  from:Twitter 
august 2017 by owenblacker
Black people have had a presence in our history for centuries. Get over it
What we’re seeing is a backlash against any attempt, whether from the world of scholarship or popular culture, to paint non-white people back into the British past. Those of us who write about this history have long been familiar with this. In the 1990s, an assistant in a London bookshop informed the African American historian Gretchen Gerzina that there “were no black people in England before 1945”. Gerzina rather effectively disproved that assertion by going on to write the classic book on black people in Georgian London, Black London.

The deeper, more fundamental question is why? Why are some people so affronted by the very idea that the black presence in Britain stretches back so many centuries? Why, even when historical evidence is presented and the opinions of experts given, are they determined to dismiss the facts and, as we have seen in this case, seek to trash the reputation of respected scholars? The refusal to accept that the black presence in Britain has a long and deep history is not just a symptom of racism, it is a form of racism. It is part of a rearguard and increasingly unsustainable defence of a fantasy monochrome version of British history.
by:DavidOlusoga  from:CommentIsFree  race  history  geo:UnitedKingdom  MaryBeard  abuse  trolling  from:Twitter 
august 2017 by owenblacker
British Women's Emancipation since the Renaissance
Before the 1832 Reform Act, hardly any men had the right to vote for MPs. Between 1754 and 1790, only 17% of males could vote, which constituted only 4% of the population of England and Wales. Most MPs were elected by rich landowners and some were entirely controlled by them; working people had no representation at all. Nothing in the constitution said women could not vote, nothing to that effect appeared in the statute books. In Acts of parliament regarding voting, the word 'people' was used and there were repeated statements that no person who paid taxes ought to be excluded from voting and that no person who was subject to the laws should be excluded from a voice in making them. Few women owned enough property to qualify them to vote and perhaps for those few heiresses it was not considered 'ladylike' to get involved with politics.
geo:UnitedKingdom  history  ElectoralReform  elections  via:AdamMacGreggor 
august 2017 by owenblacker
How diverse was Roman Britain?
A heated conversation arose on social media on Wednesday surrounding the question of the racial diversity of Roman Britain, or the Roman empire more generally.

There is plenty of evidence that the Roman empire was relatively diverse, as might be expected from an empire that encouraged trade and mobility across a territory that extended from Hadrian’s Wall to north Africa, the Rhine, and the Euphrates (and which, less positively, enslaved and moved conquered populations around by force).

Rome itself was a melting pot of people from all over the Mediterranean and beyond (satirical poets moan about it, and we have the evidence of tombstones). Outside Italy the Roman army in particular acted as medium for change and movement in several ways.
by:MatthewNicholls  from:UniversityOfReading  history  RomanEmpire  diversity  race  fascism  geo:UnitedKingdom  representation 
july 2017 by owenblacker
Paul Engelhard on representation of diversity in historical fiction
1. Okay, let me tell you why PoC representation in fantasy narratives is so incredibly important. Y'all saw PJW's idiocy about Romans, right?

2. Because somehow, these alt-right know-nothing mouth-breathers have this ridiculous image of Europe in their heads. Guess why.

3. Because I can promise you none of the smelly incels have ever read an actual fucking history book. All they consume is fiction & YouTube.

4. So ALL of their notions about European history are based on 300, Gladiator, LotR, and Game of Thrones. Which are lily fucking white, natch.
by:PaulEngelhard  from:Twitter  history  RomanEmpire  diversity  race  fiction  literature  representation 
july 2017 by owenblacker
Mike Stuchbery continues to school the fascist @PrisonPlanet on ethnic diversity in Roman Britain
1. Alright, Paulie. Let me tell you what you did that took you all day yesterday. I'm going to take this slow…

2. First up, fuzzy lad, you took some facts from a right-wing website that couldn't get the names of authors straight & claimed consensus.
by:MikeStuchbery  from:twitter  history  RomanEmpire  diversity  race  fascism  geo:UnitedKingdom  representation 
july 2017 by owenblacker
Mike Stuchbery schools the fascist @PrisonPlanet on ethnic diversity in Roman Britain
1. Seriously, are you somehow suffering an acquired brain injury, or are you just playing a role for your mouthbreather followers?

2. Roman Britain was ethnically diverse, almost by design. To begin, occupying legions were drawn from other parts of the Empire.
by:MikeStuchbery  from:twitter  history  RomanEmpire  diversity  race  fascism  geo:UnitedKingdom  representation 
july 2017 by owenblacker
Evidence of 'upper class' Africans living in Roman York
Using the latest techniques in forensic archaeology, the University of Reading has revealed a new image of multi-cultural Roman Britain. New research demonstrates that 4th century AD York had individuals of North African descent moving in the highest social circles.

The research conducted by the University of Reading's Department of Archaeology used modern forensic ancestry assessment and isotope (oxygen and strontium) analysis of Romano-British skeletal remains such as the 'Ivory Bangle Lady', in conjunction with evidence from grave goods buried with her.

The ancestry assessment suggests a mixture of 'black' and 'white' ancestral traits and the isotope signature indicates that she may have come from somewhere slightly warmer than the UK.

Taken together with the evidence of an unusual burial rite and grave goods, the evidence all points to the Bangle Lady's high status in Roman York. It seems likely that she is of North African descent, and may have migrated to York from somewhere warmer, possibly the Mediterranean.
by:AnnWuyts  from:TheIndependent  history  RomanEmpire  diversity  race  geo:UnitedKingdom  representation 
july 2017 by owenblacker
Ashdown 'horrified' by parallels between UK and 1930s Germany | Politics | The Guardian
“The way that we have retreated from internationalism to ugly nationalism in Britain. The way that we have retreated from international trade to protectionism. The sense that somehow or other democracy is failing.

“The habit of lying in our public discourse. What was it Goebbels said? Tell it often, tell it big ... stick it on the side of a bus perhaps and drive it around the country. I’m not saying Hitler is around the corner, of course I’m not, although you might conclude the conditions for something like that to emerge are there.”
¶¶
Asked about May’s refusal to take part in a live TV debate, Ashdown said he was astonished. “I thought it was shocking and the extraordinary thing is, she’s got away with it. If this was Italy, we’d be stringing people from the lamp-posts.

“We are the only advanced democracy in the world in which the leader of our nation can get away with not turning up to have a proper debate with the opposition. I think it is extraordinary and we don’t seem to be kicking up a fuss about it.” "
by:MarkBrown  from:TheGuardian  politics  democracy  geo:UnitedKingdom  Brexit  TheresaMay  PaddyAshdown  history 
may 2017 by owenblacker
Stripped village homes expose a hollowing out of France’s heritage
Throughout the French countryside, especially in less visited rural areas of eastern and central France, some homes have fallen victim to speculators who strip their architectural treasures and sell them, often abroad, leaving once graceful historic structures little more than empty shells behind gaily painted facades. In other cases, the owners themselves sell the architectural elements to raise some cash.

Joinville’s losses are anything but an exception. The sales are for the most part legal, but the phenomenon is an element in the gradual depopulation of many of France’s villages, and what some fear is an ebbing away of French traditions and culture. The issue of French identity and heritage is at the heart of the presidential campaign, and it is among the issues that have helped propel the right-wing populist Marine Le Pen to the status of a front-runner.
by:AlissaJRubin  by:BenoîtMorenne  from:TheNewYorkTimes  geo:France  architecture  culture  history  housing 
april 2017 by owenblacker
Poo, friendships and hairy privates: what graffiti was like in Ancient Pompeii
They might have been very clever people, but they were people just like us – people who loved and drank and screwed and, seemingly, as this piece of graffiti found on a brothel wall suggests, dealt very badly with break-ups:

“Weep, you girls. My penis has given you up. Now it penetrates men’s behinds. Goodbye, wondrous femininity!”
by:AmyJones  from:ThePool  graffiti  RomanEmpire  history  art  society  geo:Pompeii 
march 2017 by owenblacker
When It’s Too Late to Stop Fascism, According to Stefan Zweig
The Austrian émigré writer Stefan Zweig composed the first draft of his memoir, “The World of Yesterday,” in a feverish rapture during the summer of 1941, as headlines gave every indication that civilization was being swallowed in darkness. Zweig’s beloved France had fallen to the Nazis the previous year. The Blitz had reached a peak in May, with almost fifteen hundred Londoners dying in a single night. Operation Barbarossa, the colossal invasion of the Soviet Union by the Axis powers, in which nearly a million people would die, had launched in June. Hitler’s Einsatzgruppen, mobile killing squads, roared along just behind the Army, massacring Jews and other vilified groups—often with the help of local police and ordinary citizens.

Zweig himself had fled Austria preëmptively, in 1934. During the country’s brief, bloody civil war that February, when Engelbert Dollfuss, the country’s Clerico-Fascist Chancellor, had destroyed the Socialist opposition, Zweig’s Salzburg home had been searched for secret arms to supply the left-wing militias. Zweig at the time was regarded as one of Europe’s most prominent humanist-pacifists, and the absurd crudity of the police action so outraged him that he began packing his things that night. From Austria, Zweig and his second wife, Lotte, went to England, then to the New World, where New York City became his base, despite his aversion to its crowds and abrasive competitiveness. In June of 1941, longing for some respite from the needs of the exiles in Manhattan beseeching him for help with money, work, and connections, the couple rented a modest, rather grim bungalow in Ossining, New York, a mile uphill from Sing Sing Correctional Facility. There, Zweig set to furious work on his autobiography—laboring like “seven devils without a single walk,” as he put it. Some four hundred pages poured out of him in a matter of weeks. His productivity reflected his sense of urgency: the book was conceived as a kind of message to the future. It is a law of history, he wrote, “that contemporaries are denied a recognition of the early beginnings of the great movements which determine their times.” For the benefit of subsequent generations, who would be tasked with rebuilding society from the ruins, he was determined to trace how the Nazis’ reign of terror had become possible, and how he and so many others had been blind to its beginnings.
by:GeorgeProchnik  from:TheNewYorker  StefanZweig  Nazi  fascism  DonaldTrump  history  geo:UnitedStates  geo:Germany  WW2 
february 2017 by owenblacker
World War Three, by Mistake
My book “Command and Control” explores how the systems devised to govern the use of nuclear weapons, like all complex technological systems, are inherently flawed. They are designed, built, installed, maintained, and operated by human beings. But the failure of a nuclear command-and-control system can have consequences far more serious than the crash of an online dating site from too much traffic or flight delays caused by a software glitch. Millions of people, perhaps hundreds of millions, could be annihilated inadvertently. “Command and Control” focusses on near-catastrophic errors and accidents in the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union that ended in 1991. The danger never went away. Today, the odds of a nuclear war being started by mistake are low—and yet the risk is growing, as the United States and Russia drift toward a new cold war. The other day, Senator John McCain called Vladimir Putin, the President of the Russian Federation, “a thug, a bully, and a murderer,” adding that anyone who “describes him as anything else is lying.” Other members of Congress have attacked Putin for trying to influence the Presidential election.  On Thursday, Putin warned that Russia would “strengthen the military potential of strategic nuclear forces,” and President-elect Donald Trump has responded with a vow to expand America’s nuclear arsenal.  “Let it be an arms race,” Trump told one of the co-hosts of MSNBC’s “Morning Joe.” “We will outmatch them at every pass and outlast them all.”

The harsh rhetoric on both sides increases the danger of miscalculations and mistakes, as do other factors. Close encounters between the military aircraft of the United States and Russia have become routine, creating the potential for an unintended conflict. Many of the nuclear-weapon systems on both sides are aging and obsolete. The personnel who operate those systems often suffer from poor morale and poor training. None of their senior officers has firsthand experience making decisions during an actual nuclear crisis. And today’s command-and-control systems must contend with threats that barely existed during the Cold War: malware, spyware, worms, bugs, viruses, corrupted firmware, logic bombs, Trojan horses, and all the other modern tools of cyber warfare. The greatest danger is posed not by any technological innovation but by a dilemma that has haunted nuclear strategy since the first detonation of an atomic bomb: How do you prevent a nuclear attack while preserving the ability to launch one?
by:EricSchlosser  ColdWar  NuclearWar  geo:UnitedStates  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:SovietUnion  geo:Russia  DonaldTrump  GeorgeHWBush  RonaldReagan  from:TheNewYorker  hacking  software  VladimirPutin  history  date:1960s  date:1970s  date:1980s  date:1990s  GeorgeWBush 
january 2017 by owenblacker
The events of 1498 changed our world
In 1492, Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic, claiming to have found untold riches and the gates of Paradise itself.

Although his initial pickings were meagre, it was not long before the gold and silver of the Aztec and Inca world were flooding back to Europe.

That was important.

But the really decisive moment came in 1498, when Vasco da Gama rounded the southern tip of Africa and opened up trade routes with the Gulf, India and eventually beyond into South East Asia.
¶¶
I think that when we look back at 2016 in years to come, it will not be seen as anything like as pivotal a moment as 1498 — though much depends on decisions taken in the next year or two in Europe, the US, Russia, Iran, China and the rest of Asia.
by:PeterFrankopan  from:BBCNOL  history  geo:Europe  geo:Asia  geo:Americas 
december 2016 by owenblacker
Why the President Needs a Council of Historical Advisers - The Atlantic
To address this deficit, it is not enough for a president to invite friendly historians to dinner, as Obama has been known to do. Nor is it enough to appoint a court historian, as John F. Kennedy did with Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. We urge the next president to establish a White House Council of Historical Advisers. Historians made similar recommendations to Presidents Carter and Reagan during their administrations, but nothing ever came of these proposals. Operationally, the Council of Historical Advisers would mirror the Council of Economic Advisers, established after World War II. A chair and two additional members would be appointed by the president to full-time positions, and respond to assignments from him or her. They would be supported by a small professional staff and would be part of the Executive Office of the President.
by:GrahamAllison  by:NiallFerguson  history  politics  geo:UnitedStates  from:TheAtlantic 
august 2016 by owenblacker
History tells us what will happen next with Brexit & Trump
What can we do? Well, again, looking back, probably not much. The liberal intellectuals are always in the minority. See Clay Shirky’s Twitter Storm on this point. The people who see that open societies, being nice to other people, not being racist, not fighting wars, is a better way to live, they generally end up losing these fights. They don’t fight dirty. They are terrible at appealing to the populace. They are less violent, so end up in prisons, camps, and graves.
Brexit  DonaldTrump  VladimirPutin  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:UnitedStates  geo:EuropeanUnion  stupid  democracy  fascism  history  from:Medium  by:TobiasStone  USElection2016 
july 2016 by owenblacker
Munich, Turkey, Baton Rouge, Nice, Brexit, Trump: It’s all connected
A “period of instability” is upon us, historian Margaret MacMillan told me this week, one that has parallels to the pre-war periods of the 20th century that she’s written acclaimed books about.

Future historians are likely to judge today’s leaders on whether they seek to calm – or simply take advantage of – the choppy waters that we’re in.
by:MarkMcKinnon  Brexit  globalisation  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:UnitedStates  geo:Turkey  geo:France  Daesh  history  from:TheGlobeAndMail 
july 2016 by owenblacker
1983: the biggest myth in Labour Party history
Thatcher won in 1983 because of the Falklands War. The ‘Falklands factor’ could not be clearer from opinion polls. Prior to the war of April-June 1982, the Conservative Party was slumped at a consistent 27 per cent throughout late 1981, with a slight recovery in early 1982. But the Tories’ popularity shot up spectacularly with the war, hitting 51 per cent in May and remaining above 40 per cent right through to the general election. Labour under Michael Foot supported the government’s Falklands action; the Tory boost was not because Labour was anti-war.
MargaretThatcher  MichaelFoot  TonyBenn  date:1983  FalklandsWar  Labour  politics  history  geo:UnitedKingdom  from:RedPepper  by:AlexNunns  GeneralElection1983 
july 2016 by owenblacker
Brexit: A Lesson from Yugoslavia
The UK has a lot in common with Yugoslavia. Like Yugoslavia, the UK is a complicated multinational state born out of a contentious historical project that often overlapped with the imperial project of the country that would form the core of the multinational federation. For Yugoslavia, this was Serbia, and for the UK, this was England. Like the English in Scotland and Ireland, the Serbs in Croatia, Kosovo and Bosnia were sometimes perceived as brute conquerors.

Like the English, the Serbs felt misunderstood by the populations they were trying to integrate, accusing them of ungratefulness at all the sacrifices they are making for the common cause. Like the non-English in the UK, the non-Serbs in Yugoslavia felt patronised, bullied, and colonised by their more powerful big brother. The creations of both unions were preceded by periods of terrible interethnic and inter-religious violence.

And yet, despite the pull of history, the elites managed over time to assemble messy, but durable, multinational experiments. Complicated compromises were hammered out and historical animosities became more predictable and controllable, if not entirely extinguished. Local self-rule and autonomy to ethnically distinct regions was the modus operandi in both the UK and Yugoslavia.
by:FedjaBuric  from:SheffieldUniversity  Brexit  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:Yugoslavia  history 
july 2016 by owenblacker
Navigating the Green Book
The NYPL Labs has extracted the text and coordinate data (via OCR) from the high-resolution images of The Negro Motorist Green Book: 1947. The Scribe framework was then used to correct and normalize the data generated from the OCR processing.

The data from The Negro Travelers' Green Book: Spring 1956 was provided by the Green Book map created by the SC Digital Academy and the Digital Collections and African American Studies departments of the University of South Carolina.
from:NYPL  history  slavery  maps  transport  PublicDomain  race 
april 2016 by owenblacker
The Government Is Stopping Us Writing About Spies And The Royal Family, Say Historians
“This particular flouting of FOI legislation doesn’t surprise me because it is commonplace throughout govt though the Cabinet Office, supposedly responsible for supervising FOI across Whitehall, are one of the worst offenders. The govt’s withholding records going back to the Victorian period. How can historians write accurate history if documents are not made available?” ¶ He says that his efforts to research Burgess have also been frustrated by the way the government “brazenly” flouts both FOI and the Public Records Act, which requires govt documents to be placed in the National Archives within 20 years, unless they pose a threat to national security. ¶ He said: “This is not just a matter for historians but any concerned citizen. Making govt records publicly available is an essential part of any democracy. It is perhaps not surprising therefore that trust in our institutions is at such an all time low when they so flagrantly ignore both FOI legislation and the Public Records Act.”
FreedomOfInformation  geo:UnitedKingdom  espionage  history  royalty  AnthonyLownie  RoryCormac  MI5  MI6  from:Buzzfeed  by:AlanWhite 
february 2016 by owenblacker
Why is the UK still printing its laws on vellum?
There's an excellent example of how a digital archive can quickly run into problems. Between 1984–86 the BBC Domesday Project engaged more than a million people from around Britain. Children at more than 9,000 schools helped compile a statistical survey, personal thoughts and memories. ¶ The data was stored on special laserdiscs, then seen as a technology of the future. Nearly two decades later, there were virtually no extant disc players able to read the specially formatted discs. After a lot of work, the data was made readable, but the case for digital archiving had suffered a setback. …¶ Mike Tibbetts, one of the two creators of the Domesday Project, wrote in 2008 that “the fault in all this lies not in the lack of vision or foresight by the technologists but that, at least in the UK, the national systems of data preservation and heritage archiving simply don't work reliably or consistently.”
DomesdayProject  date:1980s  MyWork  history  vellum  Parliament  geo:UnitedKingdom  FutureTech 
february 2016 by owenblacker
Remembering Reagan’s Record on Civil Rights and the South African Freedom Struggle
Early in his political career Reagan opposed every major piece of civil rights legislation, including the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act and the Fair Housing Act. And even if one tries to explain away this opposition on the grounds that it came early in the civil rights movement or was motivated by reluctance to empower the federal govt, his record in office is tough to justify. As President, Reagan supported tax breaks for schools discriminating by race, opposed the extension of the VRA, vetoed the Civil Rights Restoration Act and decimated the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. When you combine his political record with his symbolic stance on race issues—his deriding welfare recipients as “welfare queens,” his employing “states rights” rhetoric in the same county where 3 of the most infamous murders of civil rights workers occurred, his initial opposition to establish a national holiday to commemorate MLK—the Reagan legacy begins to lose much of its luster.
RonaldReagan  history  race  geo:UnitedStates  geo:SouthAfrica  apartheid  from:TheNation  by:PedroNoguera  by:RobertCohen 
february 2016 by owenblacker
Unionist Assembly member writes in January An Phoblacht on the challenges of the ‘Decade of Centenaries’
Unionism and Republicanism both have a responsibility to demonstrate a spirit of generosity if a greater, more authentic reconciliation is to be achieved in the “Decade of Centenaries”, writes unionist Assembly member John McCallister in the January issue of An Phoblacht. ¶ The former deputy leader of the Ulster Unionist Party says that the “Decade of Centenaries” – including the Ulster Covenant of 1912, the outbreak of the First World War, the 1916 Easter Rising and Battle of the Somme, the first meeting of Dáil Éireann in 1919, the Government of Ireland Act 1920, the first meeting of the Stormont Parliament in 1921 – “poses significant challenges both for unionists and republicans”.
geo:Ireland  geo:NorthernIreland  history  from:AnPhoblacht  politics  interesting  by:JohnHedges  JohnMcCallister 
january 2016 by owenblacker
Secrets of mediæval Europe's large-scale publishing industry revealed
The new scientific research—led by Dr Sarah Fiddyment and Prof Matthew Collins, both of the University of York—has involved protein analysis and hair follicle pattern analysis in order to determine the species of the animals used and how old they were when slaughtered. The revelation that parchment was mainly manufactured from eight week old calves and adult sheep and goats and not from new-born calves shows for the first time that 13th century bible production  was actually a lucrative by-product of the food industry.
books  publishing  date:1200s  date:1300s  geo:Europe  history  archæology  from:TheIndependent  via:SuwCharmanAnderson  by:DavidKeys 
november 2015 by owenblacker
On plausible television and implausible history
But then there are some shows that go completely beyond the pale of enjoyability, until they become nothing more than overwritten collections of tropes impossible to watch without groaning. ¶ I think the worst offender here is the History Channel and all their programs on the so-called "World War II".
history  satire  TV  plausibility  SpeculativeFiction  via:CharlieStross 
october 2015 by owenblacker
The newly discovered tablet V of the Epic of Gilgamesh
After the US-led invasion and the dramatic looting of Iraqi and other museums, the Sulaymaniyah Museum (directed by the council of ministers of Iraqi Kurdistan) started an initiative, paying smugglers to ‘intercept’ archæological artifacts on their journey to other countries. No questions were asked about who was selling the piece or where it came from. The Museum believed this condition kept smugglers from selling their merchandise to other buyers, as they would have otherwise done so ‘with ease and without legal consequences.’ ¶¶ While the seller negotiated prices, Farouk al-Rawi of SOAS rapidly examined each item in terms of content and originality. He even found a few fakes! The seller wanted a large sum of money for the tablet of the Epic of Gilgamesh. He did not know what it represented, he only knew it was relatively large. Still, this tablet captured the attention of Prof al-Rawi when he skimmed the cuneiform inscriptions. He immediately intervened and told Mr Hashim to buy it, “just give him what he wants, I will tell you later,” al-Rawi said to Abdullah. The final price was $800.
geo:Mesopotamia  history  Cuneiform  Gilgamesh  via:RoyClarkIsserlis 
september 2015 by owenblacker
How the Manchester Guardian reported Queen Victoria's record reign in 1896
On 23 September 1896, Queen Victoria became Britain’s longest reigning monarch. The next day, the Manchester Guardian published Congratulations To Her Majesty — reports of the demonstrations of loyalty from various dignitaries and members of the clergy.
QueenVictoria  geo:UnitedKingdom  history  from:TheGuardian  date:1896 
september 2015 by owenblacker
The Middle Eastern century that wasn’t
As the century-old post-Ottoman regional order collapses all around us, I began to wonder what would have happened had Turkey not taken its disastrous decision to enter World War I or had emerged victorious from that murderous conflict. Would the Middle East be a better or worse place than it is today, or just different?
geo:OttomanEmpire  history  AlternateHistory  geo:NearEast  from:alJazeera  by:KhaledDiab  from:Medium  WW1  genocide  ArmenianGenocide 
september 2015 by owenblacker
Hunt for 'Napster of good causes'
From 31 October 2003: Good ideas that use technology to improve life offline are being sought by a new non-profit organisation. ¶ MySociety is looking to turn the ideas into working projects that help people get involved with their community or make a contribution to civil society.
from:BBCNOL  mySociety  history  date:2003-10-31  SocialSoftware  via:TomSteinberg 
august 2015 by owenblacker
Museum in Cable St about women and suffragettes turns out to be ‘Jack the Ripper’
The original planning application to Tower Hamlets Council last summer included pictures of suffragettes and 1970s Asian women campaigning against racist murders around Brick Lane. ¶ "The application said: “The museum will recognise and celebrate the women of the East End who have shaped history, telling the story of how they have been instrumental in changing society. It will analyse the social, political and domestic experience from the Victorian period to the present day.” ¶¶ “But Cable Street had nothing to do with Jack the Ripper—that was in Whitechapel, not here. It’s misleading to tourists. Cable Street has “a glorious history about resisting Mosley’s fascists in 1936,” Jemima points out. They don’t want that “muddled up by Ripper mythology”.
geo:CableStreet  geo:London  via:IanMansfield  Suffragettes  history  museum 
july 2015 by owenblacker
Greece is the latest battleground in the financial elite’s war on democracy
The crushing of political choice is not a side-effect of this utopian belief system but a necessary component. Neoliberalism is inherently incompatible with democracy, as people will always rebel against the austerity and fiscal tyranny it prescribes. Something has to give, and it must be the people. This is the true road to serfdom: disinventing democracy on behalf of the elite.
by:GeorgeMonbiot  from:CommentIsFree  geo:Greece  geo:EuropeanUnion  austerity  neoliberalism  economics  politics  GoldStandard  famine  history  IrishFamine  IndianFamine  democracy  inequality 
july 2015 by owenblacker
White Terrorism is as old as America
This is the privilege of whiteness: While a terrorist may be white, his violence is never based in his whiteness. A white terrorist has unique, complicated motives that we will never comprehend. He can be a disturbed loner or a monster. He is either mentally ill or pure evil. The white terrorist exists solely as a dyad of extremes: Either he is humanized to the point of sympathy or he is so monstrous that he almost becomes mythological. Either way, he is never indicative of anything larger about whiteness, nor is he ever a garden-variety racist. He represents nothing but himself. A white terrorist is anything that frames him as an anomaly and separates him from the long, storied history of white terrorism.
terrorism  geo:Charleston_SC  geo:UnitedStates  from:TheNewYorkTimes  KuKluxKlan  history  slavery  race 
june 2015 by owenblacker
C3TV - No Neutral Ground in a Burning World
The news of the past few years is one small ripple in what is a great wave of culture and history, a generational clash of civilizations. If you want to understand why governments are acting and reacting the way they are, and as importantly, how to shift their course, you need to understand what they're reacting to, how they see and fail to see the world, and how power, money, and idea of rule of law actually interact.
video  30c3  by:EleanorSaitta  by:QuinnNorton  politics  technology  history  culture 
january 2015 by owenblacker
8 Things The History Books Don't Tell Us About Native People — Everyday Feminism
1. Columbus NEVER landed in the Upper 48—Ever 2. Basically Everything About Pocahontas 3. The First Thanksgiving 4. What is a Redskin? 5. Lincoln Ordered a Mass Execution 6. Hitler Studied Reservations 7. There Are 566 Federally Recognized Tribes in the U.S. 8. Unwritten History of African Americans and Natives
NativeAmericans  geo:UnitedStates  history  Thanksgiving  AbrahamLincoln  from:EverydayFeminism 
december 2014 by owenblacker
Signs of fascism in Israel reached new peak during Gaza op, says renowned scholar - Features Israel News | Haaretz
“Democracy is not defined by the right to vote every few years. It is tested every day in terms of human rights. All the rest is secondary, because you can easily, by casting a ballot, establish a dictatorial regime here, or vote to kick the Arabs out of the Knesset. You have to remember that democracy ceased to exist in the territories long ago. The Palestinians there have no human rights, you rule them by force, and after three [Jewish] boys are murdered you can make the life of the population hell, because you can do as you please. That has been the case for decades, and it corrupts.”
geo:Israel  geo:Palestine  fascism  ZeevSternhell  history  interesting  from:Haaretz  via:NicolasChinardet  from delicious
august 2014 by owenblacker
Une visualisation des lieux de la vie intellectuelle depuis 2.000 ans | Slate.fr
L’équipe du Center for Complex Network Research de l’université Northeastern a comparé les lieux de naissance et de décès de plus de 150.000 intellectuels et artistes, obtenus grâce à plusieurs bases de données. L’évolution entre les lieux où naissent les individus et ceux où ils meurent (ce qui implique qu’ils y ont passé une partie de leur vie adulte et de leur carrière) permet de situer des «hubs» majeurs de la vie culturelle à travers l’histoire. En guise de teasing, les auteurs ont publié deux vidéos qui permettent de visualiser l’évolution de ces mobilités.
from:Slate  visualisation  cool  history  lang:français  from delicious
august 2014 by owenblacker
An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie
American hyperpower dominance by public & private agencies has replaced British Imperial domination 1815–1914. Snowden's revelations have given rise to several papers examining geographical & territorial limits of the Net, comparing it to the imperial telegraph & the Roman imperial road. This paper recalls earlier telegraphy research, explaining how the British Empire was able to control communications to extend its extraterritorial application of domestic law. I explain that the 19th century ‘cables that girdled the Earth’ were sunk into the sea in Cornwall and today's internet fibres are in the same places—with the result that the greatest NSA operation is a joint US/UK op from the small town of Bude. Add to that the invention of encryption, devices from Babbage's Difference Engine to Turing & Flower's Colossus that broke both Enigma and Lorenz in WW2. The recipe now exists for what the NSA calls Total Information Awareness. But it existed before—and we should learn from the past.
geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:UnitedStates  history  imperialism  surveillance  from delicious
june 2014 by owenblacker
Identity cards in Britain: past experience and policy implications
This paper examines the two experiences of identity cards in British history and identifies features relevant to contemporary debate. The first national register (1915-1919), and accompanying identity card, was a failure, and the second (1939-1952) a partial success. The success of the second system was secured by analysing the causes of the failure of the first. Universal registration systems have repeatedly been proposed as solutions to short-lived moral panics. But there is little evidence that national registers effectively resolve such panics.
history  by:JonAgar  from:HistoryAndPolicy.org  geo:UnitedKingdom  date:1910s  date:1940s  WW1  WW2  IdentityCards  from:FileCabinet  from delicious
april 2014 by owenblacker
Most of you have no idea what Martin Luther King actually did
So anyway, I was having this argument with my father about Martin Luther King and how his message was too conservative compared to Malcolm X's message. My father got really angry at me. It wasn't that he disliked Malcolm X, but his point was that Malcolm X hadn't accomplished anything as Dr. King had. I was kind of sarcastic and asked something like, so what did Martin Luther King accomplish other than giving his "I have a dream speech." My father told me with a sort of cold fury, "Dr. King ended the terror of living in the south." Please let this sink in and and take my word and the word of my late father on this. If you are a white person who has always lived in the U.S. and never under a brutal dictatorship, you probably don't know what my father was talking about. But this is what the great Dr. Martin Luther King accomplished. Not that he marched, nor that he gave speeches. He ended the terror of living as a black person, especially in the south.
MartinLutherKing  geo:UnitedStates  history  politics  race  from delicious
february 2014 by owenblacker
The Evolution of the Area Code - Megan Garber - The Atlantic Cities
I want to tell you about the controversy the Bell System's embrace of numeracy provoked—how resentful some people became when their familiar method of making phone calls was taken from them. I want to tell you about why the change was necessary, and how it still informs our conception of phone calls and text messages. I want to tell you about the future of the phone number. But first I want to tell you about the Central Coast of California.
geo:UnitedStates  geo:Canada  NANP  from:TheAtlantic  interesting  history  telephony  from delicious
february 2014 by owenblacker
Why did the BBC cast a black Porthos in The Musketeers?
"What the black Porthos does, helpfully, is challenge the increasingly implausible myth of a Europe that was altogether white before large-scale 20th-century immigration from former colonies."

"The casting of Porthos works as a homage to the parentage and race of Alexandre Dumas père, author of The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo. Alexandre père's father, General Alexandre Dumas, was black Haitian, the son of an aristocratic French father, Marquis Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie, and a freed slave, Marie-Cesette Dumas. And he was a general in Napoleon's grande armée."
AlexandreDumasPère  date:1600s  geo:Europe  geo:France  history  race  from delicious
january 2014 by owenblacker
Did AIDS Kill New York City Opera? | Perry Brass
The Metropolitan Opera was stupid, stodgy—fat, old people with fat, old money. At the New York State Theater you saw Samuel Ramey's naked chest in Boito's Mefistofeles. You met your friends at intermission; no cellphones, so you talked to people. Opera was high art that sometimes dickered with the dirt; where kings and the common people mixed. That was what made opera so spectacular—it took you to that white-light-post-orgasmic place that bypassed most of the brain but still, strangely enough, came through the intellect. New York City Opera tried to expand it. Years before the Met went experimental, they did a Traviata where Violetta, the courtesan with a heart of gold, dies of AIDS. Opera was not supposed to do this. It was scary to the point of revolting. We were sure that we could see Apollo in tears. But we were the ones in tears. A whole generation was dying—the guys who lived for New York City Opera—and the question, never answered, was who would take their place.
HIV/AIDS  geo:NewYork  opera  society  history  QueerHistory  from delicious
january 2014 by owenblacker
Disaster Centennial: The Disturbing Relevance of World War I
While our deluded govt seeks to celebrate our triumphant victory (at the cost of a generation), Germany has a much more appropriate and sober approach.

This article by Der Spiegel is a long but excellent guide to the immoral carnage that was The Great War.
WW1  from:DerSpiegel  history  long-read  war  from delicious
january 2014 by owenblacker
« earlier      
per page:    204080120160

related tags

!to-buy  30c3  AboriginalPeoples  AbrahamLincoln  abuse  ajax  Alamo  AlexandreDumasPère  also:Pinterest  AlternateHistory  america  anarchism  AngloSaxon  AnthonyLownie  antisemitism  apartheid  architecture  archæology  ArmenianGenocide  ArronBanks  art  assassination  asteroid  austerity  Aztecs  BarackObama  BBC  Beowulf  Bible  BillGates  biography  biometrics  blog  Bodleian  books  BorisJohnson  Brexit  BrianWood  browser  business  by:AdamCurtis  by:AlanWhite  by:AlexNunns  by:AlisonFlood  by:AlissaJRubin  by:AmyJones  by:AnnWuyts  by:AtossaAraxiaAbrahamian  by:BenoîtMorenne  by:BruceSchneier  by:CallaWahlquist  by:ChristopherKissane  by:DanielYorkLo  by:DavidEdgerton  by:DavidKeys  by:DavidOlusoga  by:DylanMatthews  by:EleanorSaitta  by:EricSchlosser  by:FedjaBuric  by:GaryYounge  by:GavinSheridan  by:GeorgeMonbiot  by:GeorgeProchnik  by:GrahamAllison  by:HannahDevlin  by:JeannetteNg  by:JohnHarris  by:JohnHedges  by:JonAgar  by:JonathanFreedland  by:KarinBowie  by:KatharineViner  by:KhaledDiab  by:KikuAdatto  by:LanreBakare  by:LeightonBrown  by:MargaretBiser  by:MarkBrown  by:MarkMcKinnon  by:MathildeLarrere  by:MatthewNicholls  by:MatthewRiemer  by:MikeStuchbery  by:NewYorkTimes  by:NiallFerguson  by:PatrickLSmith  by:PaulEngelhard  by:PedroNoguera  by:PeterFrankopan  by:PriyamvadaGopal  by:PriyaSatia  by:QuinnNorton  by:RichardJEvans  by:RobertCohen  by:SamuelSinyangwe  by:SeverinCarrell  by:SiobhanFenton  by:StrangeMaps  by:TheNewYorkTimes  by:TobiasStone  by:WalterHood  by:ZachCarter  by:吳志麗  capitalism  cartography  castle  catholicism  CelticChristianity  censorship  ChristianAppy  christianity  CivilLiberties  ClaraKim  ClimateChange  Cold  ColdWar  collapse  colonialism  comics  commemoration  commentary  communism  computers  cool  copyfight  copyright  coup  crafts  crime  crypto  culture  Cuneiform  Daesh  DannyOBrien  date:44BC  date:336BC  date:550BC  date:565  date:600BC  date:600s  date:610  date:612  date:664  date:721BC  date:750  date:795  date:802  date:820  date:1050BC  date:1097  date:1100  date:1140  date:1180  date:1187  date:1200s  date:1216  date:1272  date:1279  date:1300  date:1300s  date:1340BC  date:1360  date:1450BC  date:1450s  date:1500s  date:1593  date:1600s  date:1648  date:1683  date:1700  date:1750  date:1798  date:1800s  date:1811  date:1841-02-05  date:1842-04-06  date:1896  date:1898  date:1900s  date:1905  date:1910s  date:1912  date:1914  date:1918  date:1920  date:1923  date:1930  date:1932  date:1933  date:1936  date:1939  date:1939-09-01  date:1940s  date:1945  date:1946-02-22  date:1948  date:1950s  date:1960s  date:1970s  date:1974  date:1979  date:1980  date:1980s  date:1983  date:1990s  date:1995  date:1997-02-07  date:2000s  date:2003-10-31  decolonisation  democracy  demographics  design  development  dinosaurs  diversity  documentary  DomesdayProject  DonaldTrump  download  e-books  economics  education  elections  ElectoralReform  email  environment  epidemiology  EricHobsbawm  espionage  essay  FalklandsWar  famine  fascism  feminism  fiction  filetype:gif  filetype:jpeg  filetype:jpg  filetype:pdf  filetype:png  Film  flickr  flood  fonts  food  fraktur  FreedomOfInformation  FreeStuff  Freyja  from:Aeon  from:AgenceFrancePresse  from:alJazeera  from:AnPhoblacht  from:BBC  from:BBCNOL  from:BeyondPositive  from:BoingBoing  from:BruceSchneier  from:Buzzfeed  from:CasglurTlysau  from:CommentIsFree  from:cultureslave  from:DerSpiegel  from:EverydayFeminism  from:FileCabinet  from:firefox-home  from:fontshop  from:GlynMoody  from:google  from:Haaretz  from:HistoryAndPolicy.org  from:HistoryExtra  from:IrishTimes  from:JamesHeaver  from:JordanHarper  from:Londonist  from:Medium  from:MinistryOfType  from:NewStatesman  from:NYPL  from:OurWorldInData  from:Prospect  from:Quora  from:RedPepper  from:Salon.com  from:SheffieldUniversity  from:Slate  from:StefMagdalinski  from:TED  from:TheAtlantic  from:TheEconomist  from:TheGlobeAndMail  from:TheGuardian  from:TheIndependent  from:TheNation  from:TheNewYorker  from:TheNewYorkReviewOfBooks  from:TheNewYorkTimes  from:TheObserver  from:ThePool  from:twitter  from:UniversityOfReading  from:Vox  from:wikipedia  from:wilwheaton  funny  FutureTech  gadget  games  GasLamp  geek  GeneralElection1983  genetics  genocide  geo:Africa  geo:Americas  geo:Arabia  geo:Armenia  geo:Asia  geo:Australia  geo:AustriaHungary  geo:Balkans  geo:Berlin  geo:BritishRaj  geo:BroMorgannwg  geo:CableStreet  geo:Canada  geo:Castile  geo:Ceuta  geo:Charleston_NC  geo:Charleston_SC  geo:Charlottesville  geo:Cymru  geo:Denmark  geo:Dolgellau  geo:EastGermany  geo:Egypt  geo:England  geo:Europe  geo:EuropeanUnion  geo:France  geo:Germany  geo:Gibraltar  geo:Greece  geo:Haïti  geo:HolyRomanEmpire  geo:India  geo:iran  geo:iraq  geo:Ireland  geo:israel  geo:Kurdistan  geo:León  geo:London  geo:Mainz  geo:Mediterranean  geo:Meirionydd  geo:Melilla  geo:Mesopotamia  geo:Mexico  geo:NearEast  geo:NewYork  geo:NorthernIreland  geo:OttomanEmpire  geo:Palestine  geo:PapalStates  geo:Poland  geo:Pompeii  geo:Rome  geo:Russia  geo:SanFrancisco  geo:SaudiArabia  geo:SavileRow  geo:Scandinavia  geo:Scotland  geo:Serbia  geo:SixCounties  geo:SouthAfrica  geo:SovietUnion  geo:Spain  geo:Sweden  geo:Texas  geo:Turkey  geo:UnitedKingdom  geo:UnitedStates  geo:Venice  geo:Yorkshire  geo:Yugoslavia  geography  geopolitics  GeorgeHWBush  GeorgeWBush  GerdArntz  Gilgamesh  globalisation  GoldStandard  Google  graffiti  GreatFrenchWar  guns  GutenbergBible  hacking  Haddock  Hansard  HateSpeech  Henry3  history  HIV/AIDS  HolyRomanEmpire  homosexuality  horse  housing  HTML  HTTP  HumanRights  icons  IdentityCards  images  immigration  imperialism  IndianFamine  industry  inequality  inspiration  Instagram  intelligence  interesting  InterfaceDesign  internet  interview  InvasionDay  IrishFamine  Islam  ISO  JasonHickel  JeremyCorbyn  JimmyWales  JohnBattelle  JohnMcCallister  journalism  Judaism  KaraWalker  KuKluxKlan  Labour  lang:Deutsch  lang:français  lang:Latin  language  lego  LGBTQ  literature  Loki  long-read  LouiseMichel  magazine  maps  MargaretThatcher  MarkFrancois  MartinLuther  MartinLutherKing  MaryBeard  mashup  MaxRoser  media  media:document  media:image  mediæval  MI5  MI6  MichaelFoot  microsoft  military  milk  monarchy  Monotype  museum  mySociety  mythology  MyWork  NANP  Napoléon  nationalism  NativeAmericans  Nazi  neoliberalism  NigelFarage  NorseMythology  NuclearWar  obit  obituary  Odin  opera  OttomanEmpire  OwainGlyndŵr  PaddyAshdown  palæography  ParisCommune  Parliament  passport  patriarchy  PDF  philosophy  photography  plausibility  political  politics  Pope  poverty  propaganda  PublicDomain  publishing  QueenVictoria  QueerHistory  race  reenactment  reference  religion  representation  republic  resources  revolution  RomanEmpire  RonaldReagan  RoryCormac  royalty  sabotage  satire  science  security  Sephardim  Shoah  slavery  socialism  SocialSoftware  society  software  SpeculativeFiction  spirituality  standards  startups  StefanZweig  stupid  Suffragettes  surveillance  survival  TateModern  technology  telephony  terrorism  Thanksgiving  TheDreamOfTheRood  TheresaMay  TheyWorkForYou  thomasmacaulay  Titanic  to-buy  to-read  TonyAgeh  TonyBenn  transport  trolling  tube  TV  Twitter  typography  unemployment  urbanism  useful  USElection2016  UserAgent  vampires  vellum  via:AdamMacGreggor  via:BruceSchneier  via:CharlieStross  via:GoogleBookmarks  via:IanMansfield  via:JamesHeaver  via:NicolasChinardet  via:RoyClarkIsserlis  via:SuwCharmanAnderson  via:TomSteinberg  video  VietnamWar  vikings  visualisation  VladimirPutin  voting  war  web2.0  webdev  Wikipedia  Wired  WiredUK  WW1  WW2  xmlhttprequest  YouTube  ZeevSternhell  Æthelstan  Óðinn  ՄեծԵղեռն 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: