owenblacker + health   84

How Well Do U=U and PrEP Work? The CDC Updates Its Answers
The federal agency tasked with protecting and promoting our country’s health wants you to know that U=U is 100% effective at preventing HIV transmission and that PrEP reduces the risk of acquiring the virus by 99% in men who have sex with men (MSM). 

That’s according to updated data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on its website. Specifically, the numbers are found on a page titled “Effectiveness of Prevention Strategies to Reduce the Risk of Acquiring or Transmitting HIV,” which was updated July 18. The page also includes risk data on male condoms and male circumcision.
by:TrentonStraube  from:Poz.com  HIV/AIDS  CDC  health 
7 weeks ago by owenblacker
Billions of air pollution particles found in hearts of city dwellers
The hearts of young city dwellers contain billions of toxic air pollution particles, research has revealed.

Even in the study’s youngest subject, who was three, damage could be seen in the cells of the organ’s critical pumping muscles that contained the tiny particles. The study suggests these iron-rich particles, produced by vehicles and industry, could be the underlying cause of the long-established statistical link between dirty air and heart disease.

The scientists said the abundance of the nanoparticles might represent a serious public health concern and that particle air pollution must be reduced urgently. More than 90% of the world’s population lives with toxic air, according to the World Health Organization, which has declared the issue a global “public health emergency”.
by:DamianCarrington  from:TheGuardian  AirPollution  health  urbanism  WorldHealthOrganisation 
10 weeks ago by owenblacker
Everything You Know About Obesity Is Wrong - The Huffington Post
For 60 years, doctors and researchers have known two things that could have improved, or even saved, millions of lives. The first is that diets do not work. Not just paleo or Atkins or Weight Watchers or Goop, but all diets. Since 1959, research has shown that 95 to 98 percent of attempts to lose weight fail and that two-thirds of dieters gain back more than they lost. The reasons are biological and irreversible. As early as 1969, research showed that losing just 3 percent of your body weight resulted in a 17 percent slowdown in your metabolism—a body-wide starvation response that blasts you with hunger hormones and drops your internal temperature until you rise back to your highest weight. Keeping weight off means fighting your body’s energy-regulation system and battling hunger all day, every day, for the rest of your life.

The second big lesson the medical establishment has learned and rejected over and over again is that weight and health are not perfect synonyms. Yes, nearly every population-level study finds that fat people have worse cardiovascular health than thin people. But individuals are not averages: Studies have found that anywhere from one-third to three-quarters of people classified as obese are metabolically healthy. They show no signs of elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance or high cholesterol. Meanwhile, about a quarter of non-overweight people are what epidemiologists call “the lean unhealthy.” A 2016 study that followed participants for an average of 19 years found that unfit skinny people were twice as likely to get diabetes as fit fat people. Habits, no matter your size, are what really matter. Dozens of indicators, from vegetable consumption to regular exercise to grip strength, provide a better snapshot of someone’s health than looking at her from across a room.
by:MichaelHobbes  from:Highline  from:HuffPost  obesity  health 
may 2019 by owenblacker
Gay men in New York rate an undetectable viral load as less effective than PrEP
“If an HIV-negative man and an HIV-positive man have anal sex together without condoms, how much protection would the following strategies provide against HIV transmission?” Five strategies were presented.

◼ Daily PrEP: 70% believed this provided “a lot of” or “complete” protection. Current or former PrEP users were more likely to perceive this efficacy (86%) than other HIV-negative men (64%) or HIV-positive men (68%).
◼ Treatment as prevention (defined as, “the HIV-positive man maintains an undetectable viral load”): 39% believed it offered “a lot of” or “complete” protection. Ratings were higher among HIV-positive men (58%) and PrEP users (49%) than other HIV-negative men (28%).
◼ Intermittent PrEP (“the HIV-negative man takes PrEP/Truvada only soon before or after sex – like a day or two before and a day or two after”): 17% believed it offered protection.
◼ Strategic positioning (“the HIV-negative man limits himself to the top position and the positive man to the bottom position”): 16% said this would give “a lot of” or “complete” protection.
◼ Withdrawal (“if the HIV-positive man is the top, he makes sure to pull out before ejaculation”): 11% said this provided protection.
by:RogerPebody  from:NAMaidsmap  HIV/AIDS  PrEP  barebacking  TasP  geo:NewYork  interesting  health 
april 2019 by owenblacker
Air pollution deaths are double previous estimates, finds research
The number of early deaths caused by air pollution is double previous estimates, according to new research, meaning toxic air is killing more people than tobacco smoking.

The scientists used new data to estimate that nearly 800,000 people die prematurely each year in Europe because of dirty air, and that each life is cut short by an average of more than two years. The health damage caused by air pollution in Europe is higher than the global average. Its dense population and poor air results in exposure that is among the highest in the world.
by:DamianCarrington  from:TheGuardian  AirPollution  environment  geo:Europe  health 
march 2019 by owenblacker
Comparative efficacy and acceptability of 21 antidepressant drugs for the acute treatment of adults with major depressive disorder: a systematic review and network meta-analysis - The Lancet
We identified 28 552 citations and of these included 522 trials comprising 116 477 participants. In terms of efficacy, all antidepressants were more effective than placebo, with ORs ranging between 2·13 (95% credible interval [CrI] 1·89–2·41) for amitriptyline and 1·37 (1·16–1·63) for reboxetine. For acceptability, only agomelatine (OR 0·84, 95% CrI 0·72–0·97) and fluoxetine (0·88, 0·80–0·96) were associated with fewer dropouts than placebo, whereas clomipramine was worse than placebo (1·30, 1·01–1·68). When all trials were considered, differences in ORs between antidepressants ranged from 1·15 to 1·55 for efficacy and from 0·64 to 0·83 for acceptability, with wide CrIs on most of the comparative analyses. In head-to-head studies, agomelatine, amitriptyline, escitalopram, mirtazapine, paroxetine, venlafaxine, and vortioxetine were more effective than other antidepressants (range of ORs 1·19–1·96), whereas fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, reboxetine, and trazodone were the least efficacious drugs (0·51–0·84). For acceptability, agomelatine, citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, sertraline, and vortioxetine were more tolerable than other antidepressants (range of ORs 0·43–0·77), whereas amitriptyline, clomipramine, duloxetine, fluvoxamine, reboxetine, trazodone, and venlafaxine had the highest dropout rates (1·30–2·32). 46 (9%) of 522 trials were rated as high risk of bias, 380 (73%) trials as moderate, and 96 (18%) as low; and the certainty of evidence was moderate to very low.
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32802-7  from:TheLancet  depression  medicine  reference  by:AndreaCipriani  health 
february 2018 by owenblacker
What is life really like for disabled people? The disability diaries reveal all
Grant sums it up: “I think we like to think [as a country] we’re making progress. But in reality, we still get turned away from buses. We still have nowhere to live.”

Some of the solutions to this inequality require large-scale change, often involving government policy – from requiring a certain proportion of new-build houses to be wheelchair accessible, to stricter enforcement of equality legislation on pubs and shops that aren’t meeting their legal access requirements.

But what the diaries underline is that seemingly minor measures can be just as important: shop owners ensuring access buttons for automatic doors are actually working, for example; more dropped kerbs on pavements; shop staff ensuring non-disabled people aren’t using the accessible changing room.
by:FrancesRyan  from:TheGuardian  disability  geo:UnitedKingdom  politics  health 
november 2017 by owenblacker
Revealed: every Londoner breathing dangerous levels of toxic air particle
The research, based on the latest updated London Atmospheric Emissions Inventory, shows that every area in the capital exceeds World Health Organisation (WHO) limits for a damaging type of particle known as PM2.5.

It also found that 7.9 million Londoners – nearly 95% of the capital’s population – live in areas that exceed the limit by 50% or more. In central London the average annual levels are almost double the WHO limit of 10 µg/m³.
by:MatthewTaylor  from:TheGuardian  pollution  geo:London  environment  health 
october 2017 by owenblacker
Diane Abbott reveals illness and hits out at 'vicious' Tory campaign
“During the election campaign, everything went crazy – and the diabetes was out of control, the blood sugar was out of control,” she told the Guardian, saying that she was badly affected after facing six or seven interviews in a row without eating enough food.
But she hit out at the relentless attacks against Corbyn, Labour and her, claiming that she felt as if she was in a “vortex” as it dawned on her that she had been chosen to be singled out for targeting by the prime minister and the Conservative’s chief strategist. “Clearly I was part of Lynton Crosby’s grid,” she said.

Abbott, who revealed that a number of Tory MPs had approached her since returning to parliament to express their distaste at the tone of the campaign, said the Labour party had considered legal action at one point.
by:AnushkaAsthana  by:HeatherStewart  from:TheGuardian  DianeAbbott  health  politics  disability  GeneralElection2017  Labour  Conservatives 
june 2017 by owenblacker
America’s Hidden H.I.V. Epidemic
Last year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, using the first comprehensive national estimates of lifetime risk of H.I.V. for several key populations, predicted that if current rates continue, one in two African-American gay and bisexual men will be infected with the virus. That compares with a lifetime risk of one in 99 for all Americans and one in 11 for white gay and bisexual men. To offer more perspective: Swaziland, a tiny African nation, has the world’s highest rate of H.I.V., at 28.8 percent of the population. If gay and bisexual African-American men made up a country, its rate would surpass that of this impoverished African nation — and all other nations.

The crisis is most acute in Southern states, which hold 37 percent of the country’s population and as of 2014 accounted for 54 percent of all new H.I.V. diagnoses. The South is also home to 21 of the 25 metropolitan areas with the highest H.I.V. prevalence among gay and bisexual men.
“It is no coincidence that new rates of H.I.V. infection among gay men, especially gay black men, began to spike sharply from 2000 on, because of an anti-science campaign that allowed for little or nothing to be done for a maligned community simply due to ideology and bigotry,” Millett said. “The hostile environment made funding effective H.I.V.-prevention programs, messages or research impossible for U.S. communities most impacted by H.I.V.”
As the center of the epidemic has moved from New York and San Francisco to the smaller cities in the South, and from gay white men of means to poorer people of color, L.G.B.T. advocacy and fund-raising has shifted to marriage equality. In 2013, H.I.V. activists persuaded 35 L.G.B.T. leaders to sign a statement and create a video imploring the greater gay community to recommit to the AIDS struggle. The message: “We need you to come back.”
by:LindaVillarosa  geo:Mississippi  geo:UnitedStates  hiv/aids  health 
june 2017 by owenblacker
HIV-positive smokers who quit cut their risk of numerous cancers
The researchers found that for about the first year or so after quitting cigarettes, the participants’ risk of smoking-related cancers, save for lung cancer, fell dramatically and after that hit a level comparable to that of nonsmoking people with HIV. This drop in risk was unaffected by participants’ age, CD4 count or sex.

With regard to lung cancer, after the researchers adjusted the data for various factors, they found that the risk remained 8.26-fold higher for ex-smokers for as long as five years after they quit cigarettes compared with HIV-positive never smokers. HIV-negative smokers, on the other hand, start to realize a decline in risk of lung cancer within five years of quitting.
cancer  hiv/aids  from:Poz.com  health 
march 2017 by owenblacker
Iceland knows how to stop teen substance abuse but the rest of the world isn’t listening
State funding was increased for organised sport, music, art, dance and other clubs, to give kids alternative ways to feel part of a group, and to feel good, rather than through using alcohol and drugs, and kids from low-income families received help to take part. In Reykjavik, for instance, where more than a third of the country’s population lives, a Leisure Card gives families 35,000 krona (£250) per year per child to pay for recreational activities.

Crucially, the surveys have continued. Each year, almost every child in Iceland completes one. This means up-to-date, reliable data is always available.

Between 1997 and 2012, the percentage of kids aged 15 and 16 who reported often or almost always spending time with their parents on weekdays doubled – from 23 per cent to 46 per cent – and the percentage who participated in organised sports at least four times a week increased from 24 per cent to 42 per cent. Meanwhile, cigarette smoking, drinking and cannabis use in this age group plummeted.
by:EmmaYoung  from:MosaicScience  narcotics  alcohol  youth  geo:Iceland  parenting  health 
january 2017 by owenblacker
NHS England fudges PrEP access and delays on-demand access to PrEP by years; blocks doctors from prescribing PrEP now
After almost a year of turmoil, requiring NHS England to face court challenges for what has now been proven to be an illegal decision to block access to PrEP, a new press statement still fails to allow a single doctor to protect the health of their patients by prescribing PrEP based on clinical need.
It is difficult to be impressed with this compromise. Rather than meet the real need of people currently at highest risk, it will further delay access to an option to prevent HIV transmission that has clearly passed the criteria for safety, efficacy and effectiveness laid out for other NHS treatments. PrEP has not only been available in the US since July 2012, but has been part of a strategy to overcome the HIV pandemic recommended in guidelines from the World Health Organization since 2015.
by:SimonCollins  from:IBase  PrEP  HIV/AIDS  health  geo:England  NHS  homophobia 
december 2016 by owenblacker
The billions of wasted NHS cash no-one wants to mention
In 2010 the Health Select Committee found that running the NHS as a ‘market’ cost the NHS 14% of its budget a year.

The Select Committee noted that the NHS would have some administration expenses even if it didn’t run itself as a ‘market’. But they noted evidence from the NHS Chief Historian, Professor Charles Webster that in the pre-market late-80s, the NHS spent only 5% of its budget on administration.

The difference in administration costs pre- and post-market - 9% of the NHS budget - is over £10billion a year of the current £120bn budget. That’s more than the entire cost of every GP in the land.
by:CarolineMolloy  from:OpenDemocracy  NHS  health  economics  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom 
november 2016 by owenblacker
Raw sex: what the research says about risk when you’re HIV undetectable
We now have conclusive evidence that people living with HIV, who maintain an undetectable viral load, are not very likely to transmit HIV to sex partners. For many people, this new biomedical method of HIV prevention offers a renewed sense of freedom, brings less anxiety around sex, and reduces stigma associated with HIV.

“I think people these days take a lot of confidence in the fact that it is possible to have a serodiscordant relationship, and to make it work,” said John. “These days, if someone else want to use a condom, I’d respect their preference. But I don’t feel like it’s something I’m obligated to do now. I don’t feel like I’m putting anyone at risk by having sex with them.”
hiv/aids  barebacking  prevention  TasP  health  from:BetaBlog  reference  by:EmilyNewman  undetectable 
november 2016 by owenblacker
Jeremy Hunt must listen to junior doctors. The NHS can’t afford a strike
Let’s remember who these “juniors” are. They are not rebellious reckless youth, but 50,000 of the cleverest and most hardworking adults of their generation; the cream of their school science classes, serious-minded grown-ups in their 20s and 30s. Doctors are not known for political radicalism, either, so the health department’s statement that they are “playing politics” is well off the mark. They are angry, very angry, that the most dedicated workhorses of the NHS have been picked on at random to have their weekend pay and working conditions worsened. Why? It isn’t even going to save money for the NHS.

What started as an electioneering stunt has turned into a full-on confrontation from which the government now feels it cannot retreat. Theresa May had a long talk with Hunt before reappointing him, arguing for the need to see off these strikers as a matter of her authority. That was a bad mistake. What she needed was a fresh, open mind, someone whose pride was not at stake.
by:PollyToynbee  from:CommentIsFree  health  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom  NHS  JeremyHunt  TheresaMay  privatisation 
september 2016 by owenblacker
It’s fun to be at the Central YMCA! Join ‘the Positive Health Scheme’
The Positive Health scheme is run by central London’s biggest gym; the Central YMCA close to Tottenham Court Road tube station, it is a dedicated exercise referral scheme for individuals living with HIV that is designed, says Positive Health programme coordinator Victoria Brown, to improve “fitness, self-esteem and quality of life.” Catering for all levels of ability, the initial 12-week programme includes an assessment, a gym induction, a personalised fitness programme that’s based on your goals and aspirations, sessions with a personal trainer and access to a weekly series of dedicated Positive Health classes that Include Oi Gong, badminton, yoga, aerobics, core strength classes, meditation and swimming lessons. These are not only a great way to kick-start your fitness reverie but also a fun means of building an extended family of HIV positive friends.
hiv/aids  geo:London  YMCA  health 
september 2016 by owenblacker
NHS needs EU employees to avoid collapse, says thinktank
The NHS would collapse without its 57,000 workers who are EU nationals and they must be offered free British citizenship so they don’t leave the country after Brexit, according to a leading thinktank.
Chris Murray, who compiled the report, said: “It is critical to public health that these workers do not seek jobs elsewhere. All EU nationals who work for the NHS, or as locums in the NHS system, should be eligible to apply for British citizenship. This offer should be organised by the regional NHS and mental health trusts, who would be responsible for writing to all NHS staff who are EU nationals to inform them of their eligibility.”
immigration  Brexit  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom  IPPR  NHS  health  by:AlanTravis  from:TheGuardian 
august 2016 by owenblacker
Ads add to boys' body-image pressure
The subsequent report, Picture of Health?, revealed that 53% of boys felt advertising was a major source of pressure to look good; only social media (57%) and friends (68%) exerted more influence, while celebrities (49%) were slightly less persuasive.

And while most (80%) were aware of image-manipulation in the media, most appeared to associate this with the female form, as the study reported that they were surprised at the extent to which male images are altered.

Two thirds (67%) said it was not acceptable for brands to use digital techniques to change the body image of a model in their advertising.
advertising  MentalHealth  health  from:Warc  Photoshop 
august 2016 by owenblacker
Sham Poo Washes Out: Fecal Transplant Pill Fails Clinical Trial
This continued for months. “The chief hospital administrator discovered what was up,” Falkow later wrote. “He confronted me and exclaimed: Falkow, is it true you’ve been feeding the patients shit?” Yes, Falkow confessed, and was fired—only to be re-hired two days later.
health  interesting  via:JennyBlacker  from:TheAtlantic  by:EdYong 
august 2016 by owenblacker
Apollo astronauts dying of heart disease at 4–5× the rate of normal humans
Apollo astronauts who have ventured out of the protective magnetosphere of mother Earth appear to be dying of cardiovascular disease at a far higher rate than their counterparts—both those that have stayed grounded and those that only flew in the shielding embrace of low-Earth orbit. Though the data is slim—based on only 77 astronauts total—researchers speculate that potent ionizing radiation in deep space may be to blame. That hypothesis was backed up in follow-up mouse studies that provided evidence that similar radiation exposure led to long-lasting damage to the rodents’ blood vessels. All of the data was published Thursday in the journal Scientific Reports.

The study, while not definitive, may add an extra note of caution to the potential hazards of future attempts to fly to Mars and elsewhere in the cosmos.
space  health  from:ArsTechnica  by:BethMole 
july 2016 by owenblacker
Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet
In conclusion, in this primary prevention trial, we observed that an energy-unrestricted Mediterranean diet, supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts, resulted in a substantial reduction in the risk of major cardiovascular events among high-risk persons. The results support the benefits of the Mediterranean diet for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
health  diet  food  geo:Mediterranean  geo:Spain  from:NEJM 
june 2016 by owenblacker
Three things you think you know about gay men and HIV
Critics of PrEP, the daily pill that stops people getting HIV, say that gay men just need to change their behaviour, not take a preventative medicine. Here is why that alone is not the answer.
hiv/aids  health  PrEP  from:TheIndependent  by:SuziPrice  barebacking 
may 2016 by owenblacker
E-cigs shut down hundreds of immune system genes—regular cigs don’t
After comparing genetic information swabbed from the noses of smokers, vapers, and non-users of both, researchers found that smoking suppresses the activity of 53 genes involved in the immune system. Vaping also suppressed those 53 immune genes—along with 305 others. The results were presented Friday at the annual conference of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Washington. ¶ Though research on the significance of that gene suppression is still ongoing, the initial results suggest that e-cig users may have compromised immune responses, making them potentially more vulnerable to infections and diseases.
by:BethMole  from:ArsTechnica  health  e-cigarettes 
february 2016 by owenblacker
This NHS crisis is not economic. It's political
Give the NHS less money, get less healthcare. Give it more, and the opposite happens. As Rowena Crawford at the Institute for Fiscal Studies says: “Financial stability just requires that healthcare demand and expectations are constrained to match the available funding.” ¶ And that right there is the rub. Because the NHS is enduring the sharpest and most prolonged spending squeeze in its history—even while the government pretends no such thing is happening and the public expect the same service. Our health service is where all the paradoxes of austerity come home to roost. ¶¶ This is the paradox of austerity: pretending that you can scrap and scrimp on the services and institutions that make you a civilised country, without making your country less civilised.
by:AdityaChakrabortty  geo:UnitedKingdom  austerity  NHS  health  from:CommentIsFree  politics 
february 2016 by owenblacker
Activists charge Hepatits C conference demanding access to medication
The ACT UP London activists were demanding Gilead and other drug companies drop the prices of the new medicines which can cure hepatitis C. The companies are charging extortionate prices—tens of thousands of pounds for pills that cost just a few hundred pounds to make. ¶ Gilead were revealed last week by US Congress to have sent internal emails saying “let’s hold our price higher regardless of the uproar.” Kevin Young, Gilead’s executive vice president for commercial operations, wrote to colleagues in November 2013: “Two sincere requests … Let’s not fold to advocacy pressure in 2014. Let’s hold our position whatever competitors do or whatever the headlines”.
ACTUP  geo:London  Gilead  sofosbuvir  hepatitis  activism  health 
december 2015 by owenblacker
Notes on headache self-care
I have a history of headaches. Not full blown migraines (usually), but long nagging low-grade ones. It’s almost guaranteed that some of this is caused by spending too much time in front of the computer, but what am I going to do? Spend less time in front of the computer? Pfft. ¶ I have a variety of self-care strategies and was talking to a friend about them earlier. It occurred to me that they might be useful to share more broadly.
health  by:DavidMacIver  reference 
november 2015 by owenblacker
Why Affirming Bisexuality Is A Public Health Concern
The health of bi women is impacted by their ability to identify in ways with the sexual partners they have. ¶ Bi men face mental health consequences because they cannot find others like them with whom to commune. ¶ Both bi men and women experience depression, anxiety, self harm, and suicidal thinking at higher rates than gays and lesbians. ¶ Bi women are strikingly more vulnerable to rape, partner violence, and stalking than women who are straight or lesbian.
bisexuality  health  MentalHealth  from:ThinkProgress  by:ZackFord 
october 2015 by owenblacker
The NHS Certified These Health Apps for Privacy, Yet They're Anything But
The Health App Library is a list of apps that have been reviewed by the NHS for their relevance to people living in England, whether they use information from a verifiable and trusted source, and, importantly, whether they comply with the UK's Data Protection Act, “to make sure that they hold and user your information appropriately,” according to an NHS website. ¶ That sounds all well and good, but the researchers found that out of 70 apps that send data over the internet, 23 of those sent identifying information without encryption. On top of this, of the 38 apps that had an accompanying privacy policy and transmitted data over the web, the policy did not indicate would personal info would be sent.
from:Vice  NHS  DataProtection  health  by:JosephCox 
september 2015 by owenblacker
Poo shaming: You never know who you’re shitting next to
There were more tests for infections and parasites, including a particularly undignified procedure involving collecting my shit sample at its freshest. I had to go to the hospital, clenching and sweating and seeping – and poo in a sample pot in the public toilet next to the pathology lab before handing it in. (Those IVF dads who have to crack off to some well-thumbed issues of Razzle have it EASY.) ¶ And the results? IBS, probably associated with anxiety. Or ‘no one knows what is wrong with you’, which I think is more clinically accurate.
from:StandardIssue  via:JennyBlacker  stomach  health  IrritableBowel 
july 2015 by owenblacker
Younger gay men have much lower risk of acquiring HIV than previous generations, but racial disparities persist
An innovative analysis of HIV trends in the Seattle area has found that gay men born in the early 1960s had the highest lifetime risk of acquiring HIV, but that this risk has declined dramatically in subsequent generations. While black gay men born in the 1970s and 1980s have a much lower risk of acquiring HIV than their forebears, racial disparities remain stark. ¶… Galant au Chan of the University of Washington said that the results are probably not generalisable across the United States. ¶ Seattle has high-quality services, good access to effective HIV treatment and a well-informed population. Dr Chan is planning to conduct similar analyses of the epidemic in other parts of the country to compare results.
HIV/AIDS  from:NAMaidsmap  race  health  geo:UnitedStates  geo:Seattle 
july 2015 by owenblacker
London's air pollution 'is making thousands more people die early each year'
The report by academics from King’s College, London, estimated that once all this loss of life is added together it was the equivalent to 5,879 deaths a year in 2010. ¶ Previous research on the health impact of PM2.5, tiny particulates of pollution suspended in the air, put the annual death toll at 4,267 in 2008. ¶ The updated study, commissioned by City Hall and Transport for London, found this had fallen to 3,537 in 2010, partly due to air quality improvements. ¶ But the combination of premature deaths from NO2 and PM2.5 was estimated by the experts to amount to 9,416 fatalities in the capital in 2010 - or more than 25 a day.
pollution  geo:London  BorisJohnson  from:EveningStandard  environment  health  death 
july 2015 by owenblacker
Provision of PrEP in the UK will be cost-effective for gay men at high risk of HIV, model finds
A cost-effectiveness model of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for gay men based on the data from the PROUD study, and adapted to the UK epidemic, finds that providing PrEP from 2016 will be cost-effective if gay men continue to test for HIV at the current rate, are referred for PrEP using the same criteria as PROUD, and do not substantially reduce their existing rates of condom use.

In this base-case scenario, PrEP would cost £9466 for each additional healthy life year gained (quality-adjusted life year or QALY), compared with not introducing PrEP.

This is the case if current list prices of drugs remain as they are. However, the two drugs in Truvada (tenofovir and emtricitabine), the pill used in PROUD, come off patent from 2017. If these drugs and other drugs used to treat HIV are halved in price when their patents expire then PrEP could even be cost-saving, resulting in the NHS paying less than it would have done had PrEP not been introduced.
PrEP  HIV/AIDS  economics  health  from:NAMaidsmap  by:GusCairns  geo:UnitedKingdom 
july 2015 by owenblacker
Dietary advice from the 1970s found to be a big fat mistake
Dietary advice issued by health officials to millions of Britons almost 40 years ago to reduce fat consumption was not based on solid scientific evidence and should not have been introduced, researchers have concluded. ¶ A study found that guidelines issued as early as 1977 suggesting that fat should form no more than 30 per cent of daily food intake to reduce the risk of heart disease were based on data from “a small number of unhealthy men” and were not justified by the research available at the time.
by:CahalMilmo  from:TheIndependent  diet  food  health  date:1970s  obesity  exercise 
june 2015 by owenblacker
How to talk to your doctor about side effects
If you want your doctor to understand your side effects and how they affect you, you need to be able to describe them clearly. ¶ Your doctor can then check for other possible causes. For example, that diarrhoea is not related to food poisoning, or that sexual problems are not related to low testosterone. ¶ The best way to do this is to keep a side effects diary from when you start a new drug. Record everything until you next see your doctor.
health  reference 
may 2015 by owenblacker
Exercise vs. Diet: Which Is More Important for Weight Loss?
Spending 2–3 minutes a day with a food diary is likely to have a bigger impact on your weight than 30 minutes a day in the gym.
by:DickTalens  from:Lifehacker  exercise  diet  health  obesity  via:JennyBlacker 
april 2015 by owenblacker
Scientists issue call for urgent controls on e-cigarette sales to children
"In a survey of more than 16,000 teenagers in north-west England, the researchers found that one in five students aged 14 to 17 had bought or tried e-cigarettes. Many of those who dabbled with vaping were already regular smokers. ¶ Nearly one in 20 of the teenagers who bought or tried e-cigarettes had never smoked conventional cigarettes before, suggesting that vaping may have become a new activity to experiment with. ¶¶ The Liverpool survey, published in the journal BMC Public Health, found a strong link between e-cigarettes and alcohol use. Underaged drinkers were more likely to have obtained e-cigarettes than non-drinkers, while among the non-smokers, binge drinkers were four times more likely to have bought or tried e-cigarettes.
e-cigarettes  health  from:TheGuardian  by:IanSample  parenting 
march 2015 by owenblacker
You Can Be Fat and Fit — or Thin and Unhealthy
The researchers examined data on 43,265 participants enrolled in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study between 1979 and 2003, who filled out questionnaires about their lifestyle and medical history and also underwent physical exams, blood tests and a treadmill test to gauge their cardiovascular fitness. The researchers categorized obese participants as “metabolically healthy” if, aside from their weight, they didn’t suffer from insulin resistance, diabetes, low levels of good cholesterol, high triglycerides and high blood pressure. Nearly half of the obese participants in the study qualified as metabolically fit. ¶… In fact, those who were fat but fit had no higher death risk than metabolically healthy normal weight participants.
health  from:Time  obesity 
march 2015 by owenblacker
Reintroducing FODMAPs — Living Happy with IBS
The low FODMAP diet is not a life-long diet that you must adhere to… thank goodness! It’s a diet that is designed to identify the causes of your IBS symptoms and give the knowledge to design your future diet. However, the low FODMAP diet is always a safe eating plan to return to when you experience IBS symptoms. So, after you’ve done the FODMAP eliminate phase for 6-8 weeks or so, now what?
Fodmap  food  reference  health  via:JennyBlacker 
february 2015 by owenblacker
Everything You Need to Know About Running In the Cold
A lot of people think that at a certain temperature your lungs will freeze and you'll die. Except in very extreme conditions (a cold day for the Yukon) that's not something you need to worry about. "The pulmonary system is very very good at warming air," said Daniels. "That doesn't mean it's going feel good to go running at 40 below, but it probably won't freeze your lungs." He cited a study, done many years ago, in which doctors measured the temperature in dogs' lungs while they were inhaling air that was negative 40 °F. The air they exhaled matched the dogs' body temperatures. At the same time, Daniels points out that when it's really cold there is virtually no moisture in the air. So even though you're not freezing your lungs, you can certainly dry them out. Your throat and lungs can even crack and bleed if you dry them out enough.
by:JackDaniels  by:BrentRose  from:Gizmodo  running  health  weather  winter 
december 2014 by owenblacker
How to use a foam roller: a runner's guide
Most runners will have at least heard of the foam roller, or encountered it in a gym. But many of us – myself included – are a little clueless when it comes to actually using it. The same applies to other things beneficial to running, that don't actually involve running itself – such as dynamic stretching, core work and exercises to target and strengthen the knee. We'll look at these areas later on in these series of workouts to target everything-but-the-running. But let's start with learning the basics of the foam roller.
health  running  from:TheGuardian  via:JennyBlacker  massage 
december 2014 by owenblacker
Ashya King: This story isn't quite what it seems - Comment - Voices - The Independent
The problem is that [the media narrative] simply isn't true, starting with this basic fact: Ashya isn't dying. Despite headlines using the hugely emotive phrase, he isn't "terminally ill". In fact, his chances of surviving five years are between 70 and 80%, as long as he receives prompt chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. His tumour, which is called a medulloblastoma, was removed at a major teaching hospital, Southampton General, just over six weeks ago. To maximise his chances of recovery, chemotherapy should have started within four to six weeks of surgery. It didn't, because his parents fell out with doctors in Southampton. The treatment they want is available at a private clinic in Prague, but that isn't where they headed when they left the UK. They actually returned to the south of Spain, where they have a holiday home, and where they were staying when Ashya first showed symptoms earlier in the summer.
NHS  health  AshyaKing  propaganda  geo:UnitedKingdom  cancer  from:TheIndependent  by:JoanSmith  from delicious
september 2014 by owenblacker
A longitudinal study of electronic cigarette users
OBJECTIVE: To assess behavior change over 12 months in users of e-cigarettes ("vapers"). METHODS: Longitudinal Internet survey, 2011 to 2013. Participants were enrolled on websites dedicated to e-cigarettes and smoking cessation. We assessed use of e-cigarettes and tobacco among the same cohort at baseline, after one month (n=477) and one year (n=367). CONCLUSIONS: E-cigarettes may contribute to relapse prevention in former smokers and smoking cessation in current smokers.
health  interesting  from:Pubmed  from delicious
september 2014 by owenblacker
Previously Uncontacted Tribe Have Contracted Influenza
Earlier this month, Brazil’s National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) confirmed that an Amazonian tribe that had never before had contact with the outside world had made voluntary contact; a rare event that is usually brought on by threats of violence. Rather than be excited to learn more about the group’s ways and customs, anthropologists have been fearful that the tribe would be exposed to diseases for which they have no immunity. Their worst fears were confirmed when FUNAI announced that those who made contact have indeed contracted the flu, which has annihilated entire tribes in the past.
geo:Brazil  geo:Peru  health  influenza  uncontacted  from delicious
july 2014 by owenblacker
Imagining the Post-Antibiotics Future — Medium
After 85 years, antibiotics are growing impotent. So what will medicine, agriculture and everyday life look like if we lose these drugs entirely? 
antibiotics  medicine  health  food  farming  from:Medium  from delicious
june 2014 by owenblacker
Debating the value and effectiveness of mammograms
Mammograms don't make any difference to the death rates of women and, unless you have a family history of breast cancer or you carry the gene Brca1, you shouldn't bother getting them.
health  WomensHealth  cancer  from:PBS  date:2014-02  from delicious
february 2014 by owenblacker
Mammogram Study Questions Regular Screening: 4 Takeaways | TIME.com
What the results suggest is that previous advice that all women get regular mammograms may be misguided. For most women with average risk of breast cancer, even detecting small growths, as the current study found, does not necessarily lead to lower death rates from the disease. (There will always be exceptions, of course, such as broadcaster Amy Robach, who had no family history of the disease and only discovered her cancer after a mammogram screening.) Mammograms are still recommended, and could be life-saving, however, for women with a family history of breast cancer or who have the BRCA mutations that confer an up to 65% increased risk of developing the disease.
cancer  health  WomensHealth  from:Time  from delicious
february 2014 by owenblacker
Truvada and PrEP: Why Is No One On the First Treatment To Prevent H.I.V.?
In November, 2010, the New England Journal of Medicine published the results of a three-year clinical trial, funded by the National Institutes of Health, announcing the arrival of a treatment that could reduce the risk of contracting HIV by more than 90%. On the day the NIH announced the results of the study, Dr Robert Grant, a professor at UCSF and the NIH study lead, braced for a stampede: “The evening before we announced, we had meetings with the leadership of public health in California, and they were thinking, as we were, that there was going to be a rush, that everyone was going to descend on the clinics.” But, in fact, adoption has been slow. According to Dawn Smith, at the CDC’s epidemiology branch, at least half a million Americans are good candidates for PrEP—meaning that they are at high risk for contracting HIV through sexual activity—yet only a few thousand Americans are receiving the treatment.
HIV/AIDS  PrEP  from:TheNewYorker  health  prevention  from delicious
october 2013 by owenblacker
Children's Cancer Center Rebrands Chemotherapy "Superformula"
The A.C.Camargo Cancer Center in São Paulo, is a client of the Brazilian office of worldwide ad agency JWT. Warner Bros. is also a client of JWT. Out of these business arrangements, a truly inspiring idea was created. Covers for intravenous bags were constructed based on characters from the Justice League, creating…a child-friendly version of the treatment. Co-developed with doctors, the covers are easy to sterilize and handle and meet all hospital hygiene standards.
DCComics  chæmotherapy  advertising  children  health  from delicious
june 2013 by owenblacker
Learn How to Shave Like Your Grandpa | The Art of Manliness
Proper shaving has become a lost art. Today’s average male has no clue about the fine art of the traditional wet shave that their grandfathers and some of their fathers used to take part in. Instead, they’re only accustomed to the cheap and disposable shaving products that companies market. I’m not sure when or why it happened, but the tradition of passing down the secrets of a clean shave abruptly stopped. Thankfully, this glorious male ritual is making a comeback.
reference  useful  howto  personal  health 
august 2010 by owenblacker
The Tinnitus and Hyperacusis Centre: home of TRT
This site is all about tinnitus (and hyperacusis) retraining therapy (TRT). In the 1980s Pawel Jastreboff, a neuroscientist now working in Atlanta, worked out the real mechanism of tinnitus. Until then, all the accounts of tinnitus in textbooks said it was all due to ear damage which couldn't be fixed.

The simple ear model just didn't answer any of the puzzles about tinnitus, and Pawel was able to use his neuro-science background, with a wide knowledge of behavioural neurophysiology to work out what was really happening. He published the 'neuro-physiological model' in 1990, and this important work has never been challenged or criticized. However it does turn conventional wisdom on its head.

Once you know that the important parts of tinnitus and hyperacusis distress are NOT due to damage that can't be fixed, then you can figure out treatments that will work.
tinnitus  to-do  hearing  health 
december 2009 by owenblacker
Why we do not vaccinate — Reclaiming the Home
Essay by one of "the girls" on why she won't vaccinate her younger daughter.
vaccination  autism  Thiomersol  interesting  health  from:JenBlacker  science  via:JennyBlacker 
june 2009 by owenblacker
The woman falsely labelled alcoholic by the NHS | Society | The Guardian
Helen Wilkinson was mistakenly labelled an alcoholic after a simple computer error by the NHS. An unknown official at a hospital was updating her medical records and inputted a wrong code. This is the start of what's wrong with the NHS Platform for IT…
NHS  health  politics  privacy  HelenWilkinson  geo:UnitedKingdom  reference  NO2ID 
june 2008 by owenblacker
Victim of attack should ’seek help for being gay’
Iris Robinson MP, MLA, is a stupid bigot who thinks gay people can be "cured". What the fuck is this stupid bitch doing running the Health Committee of the government of Northern Ireland?!
homophobia  stupid  geo:SixCounties  DUP  IrisRobinson  politics  health 
june 2008 by owenblacker
Comic Book Resources > CBR News: Josh Medors Benefit Auction @ ECCC
Unknown to the general public, FRANK FRAZETTA'S SWAMP DEMON, RUNES OF RAGNAN, WILLOW CREEK, GI JOE and 30 DAYS OF NIGHT artist Josh Medors has been fighting cancer for the past several months. In his time of need, Image Comics and Frazetta Comics have ste
cool  JoshMedors  cancer  fundraising  ImageComics  health 
april 2008 by owenblacker
British TV crew 'spread deadly flu to remote Peruvian tribe' - Telegraph
A British production company making a reality television show in the Peruvian Amazon has been accused of starting a flu epidemic which allegedly killed four members of a remote native tribe and left many others seriously ill.
stupid  RealityTV  television  from:TheDailyTelegraph  health  anthropology 
march 2008 by owenblacker
Science|Business Tel Aviv University licenses cinnamon extract as HIV, flu cure
The comprehensive research performed in Professor Ovadia’s laboratory demonstrated the extract’s ability to rapidly neutralize a broad range of viruses that cause infectious diseases in both humans and animal, such as human and avian influenza, herpes
InterfaceDesign  health  HIV/AIDS 
march 2008 by owenblacker
How a neuroanatomist studied her own stroke as it happened - Boing Boing
Neuroanatomist Jill Bolte Taylor talks about how, in 1996, she "woke up to discover that ... a blood vessel had exploded in the left half of my brain. In the course of four hours I watched my brain completely deteriorate in its ability to process all info
stroke  health  InterfaceDesign  to-read  video  science  from:BoingBoing 
march 2008 by owenblacker
BBC NEWS | Health | New hope for tinnitus sufferers
New approaches to the treatment of tinnitus - a buzzing or ringing in the ears - are being pioneered and may hold the promise of a future cure. Awesome!
health  tinnitus  news 
january 2008 by owenblacker
Blue Shield, scum suckers
Kos, of the Daily Kos writes about how shitty the US healthcare system is — notably how his insurers Blue Shield, are lying cheating arseholes, apparently
BlueShield  health  insurance  geo:UnitedStates  stupid  from:BoingBoing 
november 2007 by owenblacker
How does it feel to die? - New Scientist
Interesting article on what it would feel like to experience each of ten modes of death. Morbid, but fascinating.
death  health  science  InterfaceDesign  psychology 
october 2007 by owenblacker
Essential Tremors - Overview, Risks, Symptoms, Diagnosis - neurologychannel
Tremor is involuntary trembling in part of the body. Essential tremor is associated with purposeful movement (e.g., holding a glass to drink, shaving, writing, buttoning a shirt). It occurs most often in the hands and head and also may affect the arms, vo
health  RSI  tremor  reference 
october 2007 by owenblacker
Doctors save man with vodka drip
Australian doctors have kept an Italian tourist alive by feeding him vodka through a drip for three days, medical staff in Queensland say.
InterfaceDesign  health  alcohol  geo:Australia 
october 2007 by owenblacker
More funds for talking therapies
The government is to spend millions more on "talking treatments" for depression and anxiety in England. About fucking time. The mental health services of the NHS are entirely broken in East London, from my personal experience.
health  news  politics  geo:UnitedKingdom  MentalHealth  anxiety  depression  NHS 
october 2007 by owenblacker
Shock at archbishop condom claim
"The head of the Catholic Church in Mozambique has told the BBC he believes some European-made condoms are infected with HIV deliberately." Fucking idiot. The Pope *really* needs to sort out this lethal, irresponsible, unChristian policy urgently.
geo:africa  geo:Europe  health  hiv/aids  catholicism  geo:Mozambique  stupid  politics 
september 2007 by owenblacker
WorkRave — Lifehacker download of the day (Windows/Linux)
Prevent RSI from setting in after long, uninterrupted hours on your PC with the free WorkRave timed break application.
FreeStuff  health  productivity  utilities  ergonomics  lifehacking 
june 2007 by owenblacker
Childhood Safety vs. Childhood Health
Although statistics show that rates of child abduction and sexual abuse have marched steadily downward since the early 1990s, fear of these crimes is at an all-time high.
culture  health  security  psychology  parenting 
april 2007 by owenblacker
Comment is free: Therapy on the cheap
Madeleine Bunting: "The health service has seized on CBT to treat mental illness — not even with a shrink but via the web. Because it works or because it's low-cost?"
to-read  therapy  CBT  health  MentalHealth 
march 2007 by owenblacker
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