osi_info_program + research   289

Older People Are Worse Than Young People at Telling Fact From Opinion
Given 10 statements, five each of fact and opinion, younger Americans correctly identified both the facts and the opinions at higher rates than older Americans did. Forty-four percent of younger people identified all five opinions as opinions, while only 26 percent of older people did. And 18-to-29-year-olds performed more than twice as well as the 65+ set. Of the latter group, only 17 percent classified all five facts as factual statements.
10 weeks ago by osi_info_program
Selective Exposure to Misinformation: Evidence from the consumption of fake news during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign
-heavily concentrated among w/most conservative info diets
-Facebook key vector of exposure
-fact-checks did not reach those exposed
FakeNews  elections  facebook  research  km 
january 2018 by osi_info_program
The 2013 ‘Global Congress on IP and the Public Interest’ Research Survey » infojustice
List of mainly research projects being undertaken by people in the IP reform community
ip  research  resources  bh 
december 2013 by osi_info_program
UK Court Censors Security Researchers for Reverse Engineering Publicly Available Software
EFF examines the ruling of a UK court barring two well-respected academic researchers from presenting the results of their work describing fundamental flaws in car lock systems at the upcoming USENIX security conference in Washington, DC. In the court's view, the researchers failed to demonstrate that the software they used, Tango Programmer, did not contain confidential business secrets. The court argued that with "the security of millions of cars" at stake, academic freedom had to take a back seat.
security  eff  academia  research  censorship  uk  law 
august 2013 by osi_info_program
Open Data Research • About
Public launch of ODDC project, looking at the impacts of open data around the world
open_data  research  idrc  w3f 
april 2013 by osi_info_program
The Hidden Biases in Big Data - Kate Crawford - Harvard Business Review
While massive datasets may feel very abstract, they are intricately linked to physical place and human culture. And places, like people, have their own individual character and grain. For example, Boston has a problem with potholes, patching approximately 20,000 every year. To help allocate its resources efficiently, the City of Boston released the excellent StreetBump smartphone app, which draws on accelerometer and GPS data to help passively detect potholes, instantly reporting them to the city. While certainly a clever approach, StreetBump has a signal problem. People in lower income groups in the US are less likely to have smartphones, and this is particularly true of older residents, where smartphone penetration can be as low as 16%. For cities like Boston, this means that smartphone data sets are missing inputs from significant parts of the population — often those who have the fewest resources.
research  data 
april 2013 by osi_info_program
Report on the reach of non-profit technical assistance providers (NTEN)
US-focused, but an interesting set of data about how technology-focused assistance to non-profits is happening
nten  ntap  research 
march 2013 by osi_info_program
China’s Army Is Seen as Tied to Hacking Against U.S. - NYTimes.com
The New York Times reports on new findings that many individual members of China's most sophisticated hacking groups have close ties to the Chinese military.
China  hacking  research  bh 
february 2013 by osi_info_program
Interview with Peter Norvig, by Wendy M. Grossman
In this Guardian interview, Google research director Peter Norvig discusses self-driving cars, the Singularity, and managing research.
robots  research  Google  AI 
december 2012 by osi_info_program
The Pre-Network - Research Network on Open Government
A nascent research network on reinventing government for the digital age, supported by MacArthur and convened by Beth Noveck
opengovernment  opengovernmentdata  research 
october 2012 by osi_info_program
Contrary to Rhetoric, Study Shows Teens Benefit from Use of Pseudonyms | Center for Democracy & Technology
The study is worth a read in its entirety, but this paragraph stood out:

"The sense of anonymity and invisibility experienced by Internet users promotes their confidence to express thoughts and feelings. Furthermore, users do not feel committed to the offline social codes—including attire, nonverbal gestures, and eye contact—when interacting online with other people; therefore, they can pay more attention to written content and to themselves. These characteristics induce the therapeutic value of venting emotions and releasing pressure (Suler, 2010). Such disclosures may subsequently enhance a writer’s feelings of well-being (Ko & Kuo, 2009). Online writing enables free expression, easy rereading and editing, and convenient (synchronous or asynchronous) communication with others (individually or collectively). Consequently, such psychologically relevant processes as personal reflection (Sharma, 2010) and interpersonal projections (Nagel & Anthony, 2009; Suler, 2010; Turkle, 2004) are common and frequently produce various emotions and behaviors."
youth  research  anonymity  cyberbullying  bh 
april 2012 by osi_info_program
Confirmed: The Internet Does Not Solve Global Inequality - Alexis Madrigal - Technology - The Atlantic
"Many commentators speculated that [the Internet] would allow people outside of industrialised nations to gain access to all networked and codified knowledge, thus mitigating the traditionally concentrated nature of information production and consumption," she writes. "These early expectations remain largely unrealised."
ict4dev  research  bh 
march 2012 by osi_info_program
Why WikiLeaks' bid for radical transparency failed - Alasdair Roberts
"WikiLeaks: the illusion of transparency" by Alasdair Roberts, 23 March 2012, International Review of Administrative Sciences. http://ras.sagepub.com/
The significance of the 2008-2010 WikiLeaks disclosures has been overstated, according to new research which highlights four key reasons why radical transparency is hard to achieve, and why a technological fix alone will not achieve it. One key reason is that the radical transparency vision neglects the significance of intermediation – organizing, interpreting, and drawing attention to information. WikiLeaks released a series of US military counterinsurgency manuals in 2008, anticipating a strong reaction and press attention. In reality it garnered little reaction because the material was too complex, and there was no clear story to grasp. “There is no such thing, even in the age of the Internet, as the instantaneous and complete revelation of the truth. In its undigested form, information has no transformative power at all. Raw data must be distilled; the attention of a distracted audience must be captured; and that audience must accept the message that is put before it.”
transparency  wikileaks  public_sphere  abstract_only  research 
march 2012 by osi_info_program
Paper: States Need To Be Cautious With Internet Intermediary Liability | Intellectual Property Watch
A new paper from a Yale Law lecturer has outlined some general principles that governments must consider when imposing liability for internet intermediaries amid the lack of an international law covering online third-party liability.
intermediary_liability  research  bh  copyright_enforcement 
march 2012 by osi_info_program
Are Those Who Ignore History Doomed to Repeat it? by Peter Decherney, Nathan Ensmenger, Christopher Yoo :: SSRN
In The Master Switch, Tim Wu argues that four leading communications industries have historically followed a single pattern that he calls “the Cycle.” Because Wu’s argument is almost entirely historical, the cogency of its claims and the force of its policy recommendations depends entirely on the accuracy and completeness of its treatment of the historical record. Specifically, he believes that industries begin as open, only to be transformed into closed systems by a great corporate mogul until some new form of ingenuity restarts the Cycle anew. Interestingly, even taken at face value, many of the episodes described in the book do not actually follow the Cycle. More importantly, a review of the broader historical literature on these industries reveals that the actual patterns are far more complex and interesting than the Cycle thesis suggests. Indeed, the theoretical literature identifies a number of supply-side, demand-side, and institutional factors that can cause industries to follow a wide range of patterns with respect to openness. The book also largely overlooks the role of advertising and the nature of the government intervention, which can create characteristic distortions and can introduce actors that can serve as counterweights to the industry moguls on which the book focuses. A complete assessment of openness also requires engaging the rich theoretical and empirical literature examining the tradeoffs inherent in open, modular architectures. A more nuanced exploration of variations across these industries and their fit with the hypotheses suggested by the theoretical literature would provide greater insight into the forces that shape and reshape industries over time than would forcing the histories of these four industries to fit into a single, Procrustean pattern.
research  wu  competition  master_switch  bh  book_review 
february 2012 by osi_info_program
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