osi_info_program + facebook   203

How Connected Is Your Community to Everywhere Else in America? - The New York Times
“This gives us the first way to systematically look at some of those relationships,” said Mark Granovetter, a sociologist at Stanford who has written influential papers on the value of social networks. “They have just scratched the surface here.”
ee  weak_ties  facebook  bubbles 
12 weeks ago by osi_info_program
A Facebook War: Libyans Battle on the Streets and on Screens - The New York Times
The New York Times found evidence of military-grade weapons being openly traded, despite the company’s policies forbidding such commerce. Human traffickers advertise their success in helping illegal migrants reach Europe by sea, and use their pages to drum up more business. Practically every armed group in Libya, and even some of their detention centers, have their own Facebook page.
ee  libya  facebook 
september 2018 by osi_info_program
The Unlikely Activists Who Took On Silicon Valley — and Won - The New York Times
The surveillance capitalists didn’t just sell more deodorant; they had built one of the most powerful tools ever invented for winning elections. Roughly the same suite of technologies helped elect Obama, a pragmatic liberal who promised racial progress and a benevolent globalism, and Trump, a strident nationalist who adeptly employs social media to stoke racial panic and has set out to demolish the American-led world order.
privacy  surveillance  ee  facebook  google  activism  ashkan 
august 2018 by osi_info_program
Facebook Civil Rights Audit Announcement ‘A Necessary First Step’, Civil Rights Groups Say -- But More Work Needs To Be Done: Center for Media Justice
Leading racial justice organizations push Facebook to center the voices of people of color in a fully independent, public, and actionable civil rights audit
ee  racial_justice  facebook  audit 
may 2018 by osi_info_program
Facebook earnings: Business surpasses Wall Street expectations in Q1 - Recode
Facebook user growth was also solid. The company added 49 million daily users, and now 1.45 billion people use the service every day. It added a million users in the U.S. and Canada, reversing a small but troubling dip last quarter when that group of users shrank for the first time.
Facebook  bh 
april 2018 by osi_info_program
Richard Stallman, RMS, on Privacy, Data, and Free Software
What is data privacy? The term implies that if a company collects data about you, it should somehow protect that data. But I don’t think that’s the issue. I think the problem is that it collects data about you period. We shouldn’t let them do that.
privacy  facebook  ee  business 
april 2018 by osi_info_program
ICE Uses Facebook Data to Find and Track Suspects, Internal Emails Show
Palantir is a controversial data analytics firm co-founded by billionaire investor Peter Thiel. The company, which does business with the military and major intelligence agencies, has contracted with ICE since 2014. As journalist Spencer Woodman reported last year, the company developed a special system for ICE to access a vast “ecosystem” of data to facilitate immigration officials in both discovering targets and then creating and administering cases against them.
ee  palantir  ICE  immigration  facebook 
march 2018 by osi_info_program
Facebook bans far-right group Britain First for ‘inciting hatred against minorities’ - The Verge
Facebook has been struggling for years now with how to deal with extremist content on its platform, but rarely intervenes in such a direct manner. Still, the ban is more symbolic than it is the beginning of an effective campaign against hate groups. One recent investigation from Wired UK found a whole network of Facebook pages linked to Britain First sharing the same content. At the time of writing these pages are still online.
ee  facebook  hatespeech 
march 2018 by osi_info_program
Selective Exposure to Misinformation: Evidence from the consumption of fake news during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign
-heavily concentrated among w/most conservative info diets
-Facebook key vector of exposure
-fact-checks did not reach those exposed
FakeNews  elections  facebook  research  km 
january 2018 by osi_info_program
Can Facebook and Google Be Disrupted?
“I’ve just been in sort of a state of frustration for a decade over this stuff,” Pasquale says. “Because I think it’s just so obvious that unless you have massive intervention at this point, you just have a massive, self-reinforcing accumulation of data, money, and power at these companies.”

“Self-reinforcing” is the key problem of the power dynamic inside Silicon Valley. Google’s size is inextricable from its success; the more people that search, the better its results are. A similar loop plays out on Facebook: The more friends that sign on, the better it is to use; the better it is to use, the more people sign on to it.

Both network effects and path dependence derive from the same simple fact: The major players in contemporary Silicon Valley aren’t just software service providers, or purveyors of consumer technology, but “platforms” — that is, whole marketplaces unto themselves. As Pasquale puts it, “There’s no natural market force that’s going to replace these companies,” in part because “essentially they are not participants in markets, they make markets.”
monopoly  facebook  Google  km 
december 2017 by osi_info_program
Facebook Launches New Messenger App for Young Kids—What Could Possibly Go Wrong?
A Facebook spokesperson said in an email to Gizmodo, “We’ve built automated systems that can detect things like nudity, violence, and child exploitative imagery to help limit that content from being shared on Messenger Kids. We also have blocking and reporting mechanisms, and have a dedicated team of human reviewers that review all content that is reported.”
ee  facebook 
december 2017 by osi_info_program
Hey, Mark Zuckerberg: My Democracy Isn’t Your Laboratory - The New York Times
But for us, changes like this can be disastrous. Attracting viewers to a story relies, above all, on making the process as simple as possible. Even one extra click can make a world of difference. This is an existential threat, not only to my organization and others like it but also to the ability of citizens in all of the countries subject to Facebook’s experimentation to discover the truth about their societies and their leaders.
ee  facebook  serbia  journalism  occrp 
november 2017 by osi_info_program
Soothsayer in the Hills Sees Silicon Valley’s Sinister Side - The New York Times
“The whole internet thing was supposed to create the world’s best information resource in all of history,” he says. “Everything would be made visible. And instead we’re living in this time of total opacity where you don’t know why you see the news you see. You don’t know if it’s the same news that someone else sees. You don’t know who made it be that way. You don’t know who’s paid to change what you see. Everything is totally obscure in a profound way that it never was before.
facebook  ee  algorithms  elections  big_four  privacy  google  microsft 
november 2017 by osi_info_program
What Reality TV Teaches Us About Russia’s Influence Campaign - The New York Times
But pretty much everyone in the world of reality TV acknowledges it happens to some degree on most shows, and that there are certain basic ways to manufacture drama. Sarah Gertrude Shapiro, a former producer on “The Bachelor” who later created “Unreal,” a scripted show about the reality industry, said the key to manipulating contestants into acting a certain way is to “tap into their fears, passions and ego.”

On reality TV, producers can do that because they keep detailed dossiers on everyone on set. But guess what? Russian trolls had detailed dossiers too — and they could consult them at scale. Using Facebook’s exquisitely detailed ad-targeting and viral propagation systems, trolls could create content that perfectly matched your fears, passions and ego.
ee  facebook  Russia 
november 2017 by osi_info_program
Guardians of White Innocence
A small team of engineers in Menlo Park. A panel of anonymous power users around the world. And, increasingly, you. [Good article from January 2016]
facebook  algorithms 
september 2017 by osi_info_program
Facebook Figured Out My Family Secrets, And It Won't Tell Me How
What makes the results so unsettling is the range of data sources—location information, activity on other apps, facial recognition on photographs—that Facebook has at its disposal to cross-check its users against one another, in the hopes of keeping them more deeply attached to the site. People generally are aware that Facebook is keeping tabs on who they are and how they use the network, but the depth and persistence of that monitoring is hard to grasp. And People You May Know, or “PYMK” in the company’s internal shorthand, is a black box.
algorithms  privacy  facebook  km 
september 2017 by osi_info_program
A Taxpayer-Supported Version of Facebook - The Atlantic
So, haven’t we just replaced one tech-centric explanation with another? Not quite. If the combination of online news, social media, and echo chambers led to political polarization and ideological capture, we’d expect to see the same phenomenon on the left as on the right. We don’t. In our study, people who read far-left sources like Daily Kos or Mother Jones are generally also engaged with center and center-left sources like the New York Times, The Washington Post, and CNN. The new right’s echo chamber is hermetically sealed, while the left’s is not. (Of course, if you’re within that hermetically sealed chamber, you’re likely to see CNN as just as left-leaning at The Nation.)
facebook  fakenews  elections  hjd 
may 2017 by osi_info_program
“Google Is as Close to a Natural Monopoly as the Bell System Was in 1956"
Media scholar Jonathan Taplin, author of the new book Move Fast and Break Things, on the rent-seeking and regulatory capture of digital platforms.
antitrust  Google  Facebook 
may 2017 by osi_info_program
Donald Trump’s risky plan to use the Internet to suppress Hillary Clinton’s turnout - The Washington Post
What's not known is if Facebook nudges will actually affect how and when people vote. Facebook ran an experiment in 2010, showing that social cues on the social network could boost voter turnout. But that's different than getting particular people to take action or not based on a targeted ad. (Green and Issenberg note that the effect of trying to suppress the vote could just as easily be to inspire people to go to the polls; it's simply not clear how people will react.) This isn't about Trump trying to sell his brand to as many people as possible. It's about Trump trying to sell his brand to particular people.
facebook  election  bigdata  ee  algorithms 
october 2016 by osi_info_program
Forget Apple vs. the FBI: WhatsApp Just Switched on Encryption for a Billion People | WIRED
Mountain View is home to WhatsApp, an online messaging service now owned by tech giant Facebook, that has grown into one of the world’s most important applications. More than a billion people trade messages, make phone calls, send photos, and swap videos using the service. This means that only Facebook itself runs a larger self-contained communications network. And today, the enigmatic founders of WhatsApp, Brian Acton and Jan Koum, together with a high-minded coder and cryptographer who goes by the pseudonym Moxie Marlinspike, revealed that the company has added end-to-end encryption to every form of communication on its service.
encryption  security  WhatsApp  facebook  moxin_marlinspike  ds 
april 2016 by osi_info_program
Brazilian police arrest Facebook's Latin America vice-president | Technology | The Guardian
Police in São Paulo have detained the regional vice-president of Facebook for failing to provide information requested by a criminal investigation. Diego Dzodan was taken into custody at Garulhos airport on Tuesday and is now being questioned about Facebook subsidiary WhatsApp’s alleged non-compliance with a court order. According to the court, WhatsApp had been ordered for more than a month to reveal messages relating to a suspected drug-trafficking ring.
whatsapp  facebook  brazil  data_requests  ds 
march 2016 by osi_info_program
Tech’s ‘Frightful 5’ Will Dominate Digital Life for Foreseeable Future - The New York Times
Farhad Manjoo article for his "State of the Art" NYT column on technology, business and society. The largest tech companies on earth - Google/Alphabet, Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Microsoft -, here named the "frightful 5", like to describe their industry as being risky and disruptive (“someone, somewhere in a garage is gunning for us,” Eric Schmidt once said). But in the larger picture, none of these companies seem to be "losing" the game anytime soon — not in comparison with the rest of the tech industry, the rest of the economy and certainly not in the influence each of them holds over our lives.
platforms  power  business  technology  industry  google  apple  facebook  microsoft  amazon  ds 
january 2016 by osi_info_program
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