osi_info_program + competition   34

Are Those Who Ignore History Doomed to Repeat it? by Peter Decherney, Nathan Ensmenger, Christopher Yoo :: SSRN
In The Master Switch, Tim Wu argues that four leading communications industries have historically followed a single pattern that he calls “the Cycle.” Because Wu’s argument is almost entirely historical, the cogency of its claims and the force of its policy recommendations depends entirely on the accuracy and completeness of its treatment of the historical record. Specifically, he believes that industries begin as open, only to be transformed into closed systems by a great corporate mogul until some new form of ingenuity restarts the Cycle anew. Interestingly, even taken at face value, many of the episodes described in the book do not actually follow the Cycle. More importantly, a review of the broader historical literature on these industries reveals that the actual patterns are far more complex and interesting than the Cycle thesis suggests. Indeed, the theoretical literature identifies a number of supply-side, demand-side, and institutional factors that can cause industries to follow a wide range of patterns with respect to openness. The book also largely overlooks the role of advertising and the nature of the government intervention, which can create characteristic distortions and can introduce actors that can serve as counterweights to the industry moguls on which the book focuses. A complete assessment of openness also requires engaging the rich theoretical and empirical literature examining the tradeoffs inherent in open, modular architectures. A more nuanced exploration of variations across these industries and their fit with the hypotheses suggested by the theoretical literature would provide greater insight into the forces that shape and reshape industries over time than would forcing the histories of these four industries to fit into a single, Procrustean pattern.
research  wu  competition  master_switch  bh  book_review 
february 2012 by osi_info_program
Digital Media and Learning Competition
The MacArthur and Mozilla foundations have issued a call for proposals for the research and design of certification and recognition schemes to promote lifelong learning. Grants range from $5,000 to $200,000.
education  certification  grants  competition  jerzy 
september 2011 by osi_info_program
Merger of Indian Generic Company with Big pharma | Don't trade our lives away
"As another generic company – Sun pharma has join hands with multinational pharma -Merck to push for branded generics in developing countries, the availability of cheap and affordable generic medicines is further threatened."
india  business  generics  accesstomedicines  competition 
april 2011 by osi_info_program
Safaricom – A Modest Proposal «Many Possibilities
Great blog post from Steve Song calls on Safaricom to open up their spectrum to non-profit players if they can't cope with making less than 50% profit on supplying connectivity to rural Kenyans.
competition  accesstocommunications  longtail  kenya  oped  openbts 
february 2011 by osi_info_program
OFT launches inquiry into e-book industry - Business News, Business - The Independent
"The consumer protection watchdog has launched an investigation into the fast-growing electronic book market, over claims that pricing deals between publishers and retailers may have breached competition rules. The move follows a similar inquiry launched in the US last year."
futureofthebook  ebooks  competition 
february 2011 by osi_info_program
EU Raids Drugmakers Over Generic Deals // Pharmalot
"Once again, European Commission antitrust regulators have raided the offices of several drugmakers seeking evidence that they struck anticompetitive deals or used their dominant market positions to squeeze rivals. So far, though, only AstraZeneca has confirmed that it received a visit.
“The Commission has reason to believe that the companies concerned may have acted individually or jointly, notably to delay generic entry for a particular medicine,” the commission says in a statement. This could be a potential violation of EU antitrust rules.”"
accesstomedicines  eu  competition  generics 
december 2010 by osi_info_program
Google search investigation sparked by complaint from British site | Technology | The Guardian
"A tiny British shopping comparison site has triggered an investigation by the European Commission into whether Google is abusing its monopoly position by deliberately lowering rivals' sites in its search results.
The European Commission announced today that it will carry out an investigation into Google's business practices – the first such in the world and one certain to be watched with interest."
google  search  competition  news 
december 2010 by osi_info_program
Edward Elgar - Competition Law, Technology Transfer And The Trips Agreement
New book: "‘This is the first ever book that addresses the important issue of the competition law, intellectual property and trade interface in a developing world context. The book’s unique contribution is a set of comparative case studies on this complex interface.’
– D. Daniel Sokol, University of Florida Levin College of Law, US"
TRIPS  a2k  competition  book  resources 
november 2010 by osi_info_program
Webcast: Points of Control: The Battle for the Internet Economy
Jon Batelle and Tim O'Reilly on points of control in digital business and rent-seeking.
businessmodels  competition  us  talk  video  digest1105 
november 2010 by osi_info_program
Major U.S. Networks Block Google TV | OpenNet Initiative
Follow up to last week's story on Google's letter to the RIAA/MPAA - broadcasters refusing to license rights for content to Google TV
businessmodels  restrictionsoftrade  competition  broadcast  google 
october 2010 by osi_info_program
Apps <4> Africa
US State Department and others launch Apps 4 Africa contest: "Apps 4 Africa is a contest to highlight the talent of local developers in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania and to leverage the power of digital technology to make a better world. The challenge is to build the best digital tools to address community challenges in areas ranging from healthcare to education and government transparency to election monitoring."
tech4transparency  africa  internetfreedomTM  competition 
july 2010 by osi_info_program
New complaints filed against Google in Europe
The European Commission has begun a preliminary investigation into bringing antitrust proceedings against Google
Google  competition  search  antitrust  news  Europe  europeancommission 
february 2010 by osi_info_program
Toward a Competition Policy Agenda for Agriculture Markets
DOJ discussion paper on competition in agricultural markets (Monsanto / anti-trust)
GM  competition  antitrust 
january 2010 by osi_info_program
How the World Works - Salon.com
The U.S. versus Monsanto? Big Agriculture better watch its back. Obama's antitrust lawyers just rode into town
GM  competition 
january 2010 by osi_info_program

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