Alexa and Siri Can Hear This Hidden Command. You Can’t. - The New York Times
Over the past two years, researchers in China and the United States have begun demonstrating that they can send hidden commands that are undetectable to the human ear to Apple’s Siri, Amazon’s Alexa and Google’s Assistant. Inside university labs, the researchers have been able to secretly activate the artificial intelligence systems on smartphones and smart speakers, making them dial phone numbers or open websites. In the wrong hands, the technology could be used to unlock doors, wire money or buy stuff online — simply with music playing over the radio.
ee  IoT  surveillance 
10 days ago
Ten Machine Learning Algorithms You Should Know to Become a Data Scientist - ParallelDots
That said, no one can deny the fact that as practicing Data Scientists, we will have to know basics of some common machine learning algorithms, which would help us engage with a new-domain problem we come across. This is a whirlwind tour of common machine learning algorithms and quick resources about them which can help you get started on them.
machinelearning  ee  algorithms 
11 days ago
How an A.I. ‘Cat-and-Mouse Game’ Generates Believable Fake Photos - The New York Times
As it built a system that generates new celebrity faces, the Nvidia team went a step further in an effort to make them far more believable. It set up two neural networks — one that generated the images and another that tried to determine whether those images were real or fake. These are called generative adversarial networks, or GANs. In essence, one system does its best to fool the other — and the other does its best not to be fooled.
ee  ai  fake  deepfake  neural 
12 days ago
Should the Fed Create ‘FedCoin’ to Rival Bitcoin? A Former Top Official Says ‘Maybe’ - The New York Times
It’s clear that central banks weighing use of blockchain technology don’t share the more anarchist impulses of some of the most die-hard cryptocurrency enthusiasts. But there may be more commonality than it might seem. As Mr. Warsh argues, if people really do believe that digital currencies in some form are the future of money, it would behoove central banks to treat them as more than a novelty.
ee  blockchain  cryptocurrency 
13 days ago
Fraudulent claims made by IBM about Watson and AI | Roger Schank
I started a company called Cognitive Systems in 1981. The things I was talking about then clearly have not been read by IBM (although they seem to like the words I used.) Watson is not reasoning. You can only reason if you have goals, plans, ways of attaining them, a comprehension of the beliefs that others may have, and a knowledge of past experiences to reason from. A point of view helps too. What is Watson’s view on ISIS for example?

Dumb question? Actual thinking entities have a point of view about ISIS. Dogs don’t but Watson isn't as smart as a dog either. (The dog knows how to get my attention for example.)
ee  ai  watson  natural_language  NLP 
13 days ago
Forget Killer Robots—Bias Is the Real AI Danger - MIT Technology Review
The problem of bias in machine learning is likely to become more significant as the technology spreads to critical areas like medicine and law, and as more people without a deep technical understanding are tasked with deploying it.
ai  ethics  machinelearning  bias  apple  ee 
13 days ago
IRIN | Eyes Wide Shut: The challenge of humanitarian biometrics
This statement makes clear that biometric registration is driven by the interests of national governments, technology companies and aid agencies – in that order.This fits with a wider and more worrying pattern in the field of biometrics: it's marginalised groups who are used as guinea pigs for new biometric applications, always with claims that it's for their own benefit. Privacy International has identified that in countries where democratic processes – such as parliamentary oversight and the rule of law – function more effectively, biometric schemes have been repeatedly challenged and rolled back by informed citizens. The real issue here is accountability – or lack thereof – precisely because humanitarian biometrics are being implemented in countries where those factors are weak to non-existent.
ee  biometrics  privacy  refugees  vulnerable 
17 days ago
Cambridge Analytica executives launch new company
Senior executives and investors from Cambridge Analytica (including the Mercer family) have registered a new company Emerdata at Companies House in London.
17 days ago
Facebook Civil Rights Audit Announcement ‘A Necessary First Step’, Civil Rights Groups Say -- But More Work Needs To Be Done: Center for Media Justice
Leading racial justice organizations push Facebook to center the voices of people of color in a fully independent, public, and actionable civil rights audit
ee  racial_justice  facebook  audit 
18 days ago
A pioneer in predictive policing is starting a troubling new project - The Verge
Wilson also pointed out that the paper fails to incorporate documented approaches to evaluating biased outcomes in machine learning: “The authors could have [looked at] whether their algorithm achieves statistical parity across races and ethnicities … They also could have looked for so-called disparate mistreatment by looking to see if the classification errors are evenly spread across these groups. But they did none of this, even though the methods to do so are well-known in the fair algorithms and even the predictive policing literature.”

As for Brantingham’s and his co-authors’ insistence of how preliminary this research is, Wilson noted a similar defense was used for controversial research using AI to identify sexual orientation or criminality. Like Brantingham’s paper, “both of these studies also had fundamental methodological problems. But that doesn’t obviate the essential ethics of the research itself: should we be doing this research at all?”
ee  ai  crime  predictive_policing  gangs 
19 days ago
White House Considers Restricting Chinese Researchers Over Espionage Fears - The New York Times
Mr. Liu did not respond to interview requests, but in past interviews, he has maintained that he did nothing wrong, beyond taking advantage of an open and collaborative university atmosphere. Like many projects in the United States, most of Mr. Smith’s work at Duke was early-stage research that was not classified or categorized as a deemed export.

Daniel Golden, who tells Mr. Liu’s story in his book, “Spy Schools,” said Mr. Liu exploited a gray area that allows a large amount of sensitive, taxpayer-funded technology to flow to foreign governments. “Globalization has transformed American universities into a front line for espionage,” Mr. Golden said.
ee  china  universities  academic 
19 days ago
The Surprisingly Solid Mathematical Case of the Tin Foil Hat Gun Prepper
And it’s not just tin foil hat equipped right wingers thinking about this stuff. There’s a widely reported trend of Silicon Valley billionaires building apocalypse bunkers, as many as 50% according to Steve Huffman, the guy who founded Reddit. Yishan Wong, another former Reddit CEO, goes through a conceptual ROI analysis with The New Yorker.
ee  silicon_valley  prepper  disaster  gun_control 
19 days ago
How Slack Got Ahead in Diversity - The Atlantic
Recruiters are trained to look at skills rather than a candidate’s university pedigree. In 2015, Slack worked with Textio, a company that analyzes job descriptions to ensure they appeal to the widest possible audience. (Slack’s job descriptions feature phrases like “care deeply” and “lasting relationships,” which statistically draw more applications from women. Microsoft’s, by contrast, feature words like “insatiably” and “competing.” Amazon’s keywords: “maniacal” and “wickedly.")

The company has also worked to eliminate opportunities for bias to creep into its hiring process. The “whiteboard interview,” for instance, is a classic part of software hiring in which candidates are asked to solve a coding problem in real time. But tracing one’s thought process with a dry-erase marker in front of a live, skeptical audience can create extra stressors for people from underrepresented groups. Interpersonal phenomena like stereotype threat, in which people from stigmatized groups spend mental energy grappling with negative stereotypes about those groups, can lead women and minorities with the same skills to perform more poorly.
diversity  twitter  ee  slack 
20 days ago
Say Goodbye To The Information Age: It’s All About Reputation Now
In a hyper-specialized system of the production of knowledge, it makes no sense to try to investigate on our own, for example, the possible correlation between vaccines and autism. It would be a waste of time, and probably our conclusions would not be accurate. In the reputation age, our critical appraisals should be directed not at the content of information but rather at the social network of relations that has shaped that content and given it a certain deserved or undeserved ‘rank’ in our system of knowledge.
ee  verification  reputation  technology  trust 
20 days ago
Analysis: ZTE's Collapse Reveals China's Huge Dependence On U.S. Technologies
And at its current pace, with extensive government subsidies, China could reach its objective of becoming self-sufficient in core technologies like processors, memories, storage, networking or wireless in the next 7-years, and even perhaps in just 5 years.
China  US  trade  bh 
24 days ago
Facebook earnings: Business surpasses Wall Street expectations in Q1 - Recode
Facebook user growth was also solid. The company added 49 million daily users, and now 1.45 billion people use the service every day. It added a million users in the U.S. and Canada, reversing a small but troubling dip last quarter when that group of users shrank for the first time.
Facebook  bh 
24 days ago
Opinion | How the Human Rights Movement Failed - The New York Times
At the most, activists distance themselves from free-market fundamentalism only by making clear how much inequality undermines human rights themselves. Minimum entitlements, like decent housing and health care, require someone to pay. Without insisting on more than donations from the rich, the traditional companionship of human rights movements with neoliberal policies will give rise to the allegation that the two are in cahoots. No one wants the human rights movement to be remembered as a casualty of a justifiable revolt against the rich.
ee  humanrights  inequality  AI 
26 days ago
Amazon is reportedly working on its first home robot - The Verge
From such scant details, it’s difficult to know exactly what Amazon is planning, but it’s safe to say that a home robot in this case does not mean some sort of “robot butler able to perform a variety of household chores.” The technology needed for this sort of device just doesn’t exist yet in the commercial sphere (although companies like Boston Dynamics are working on it).
Home robots are often devices like Kuri (above), which is essentially a virtual assistant housed in a mobile robot frame. Image: Mayfield Robotics

Instead, “home robot” more likely means a virtual assistant housed in some sort of mechanical exterior. Plenty of these have been unveiled in recent years, including LG’s Hub bot, Mayfield Robotics’ Kuri, and the Pixar-like Jibo. These devices are intended to act as a central point of contact for users’ smart home and as personal companions. They let users control Wi-Fi-connected devices, perform tasks like setting timers and searching the web, and have a greater number of interactive games for younger children. Reviews of these “robots” stress that they promise more than they deliver, and indeed, Amazon’s Echo devices already offer the same functionality with less hype.
ee  robotfriends  robots  boston_dynamics  robot-abuse 
27 days ago
Opinion | It’s Westworld. What’s Wrong With Cruelty to Robots? - The New York Times
After all, if we do manage to create machines as smart as or smarter than we are — and, more important, machines that can feel — it’s hardly clear that it would be ethical for us to use them to do our bidding, even if they were programmed to enjoy such drudgery. The notion of genetically engineering a race of willing slaves is a standard trope of science fiction, wherein humankind is revealed to have done something terrible. Why would the production of sentient robot slaves be any different?
ee  robot  robotfriends  ethics 
27 days ago
Meet the Russian-Owned Firm Creating an Army of Traveling ‘Proxies’ – Foreign Policy
Ilya Zaslavskiy, the head of Underminers.info, a research project on post-Soviet kleptocracy, argues that Virtravel could well be a legitimate business, but “if necessary the Russian state could use them” for intelligence purposes.

The company’s business model would have “plausible deniability” for those who might want to film strategic places in the United States or other countries, he says. (The most recent post to the company’s Instagram account is of a trip to the Strategic Air Command and Aerospace Museum, which focuses on nuclear missiles and military aircraft, in Nebraska.)
ee  russia  virtual_reality 
4 weeks ago
Institute for Practitioners in Advertising calls for moratorium on micro targeted political ads
The IPA has called for a moratorium on micro targeted political ads and for political advertising creative work to be available for public display to increase transparency.
4 weeks ago
Palantir Knows Everything About You
A detailed description of the activities of the privately owned company Palantir and how it relates to the Facebook and Cambridge Analytica scandal.
4 weeks ago
Richard Stallman, RMS, on Privacy, Data, and Free Software
What is data privacy? The term implies that if a company collects data about you, it should somehow protect that data. But I don’t think that’s the issue. I think the problem is that it collects data about you period. We shouldn’t let them do that.
privacy  facebook  ee  business 
4 weeks ago
Meet the Woman Who Leads NightWatch, Google’s Internal Privacy Strike Force
Kissner has worked to make sure that diversity is reflected not just at OURSA but at NightWatch. The team recruits people with as many different skill sets and backgrounds as possible so that they’ll be better at recognizing privacy problems that others might not see.

Still, though, there are limits that NightWatch can’t recruit its way out of, Kissner concedes. For instance, the team won’t be able to have members that are currently experiencing unemployment, obviously, since they would need to be employed by Google to review its unreleased products.

“I think it’s incredibly important to have a lot of different ideas when you are designing security and privacy,” Kissner says. “You are taking care of the incredibly diverse set of people in the world and it’s hard to understand what they need and take care of that unless you have voices from all different backgrounds and skill sets.”
ee  privacy  google  workroom  diversity 
4 weeks ago
Report for America aims to get 1,000 journalists in local newsrooms in next 5 years | Poynter
Sennott and Steven Waldman co-founded RFA, which comes from a partnership between Google News Labs and the Groundtruth Project. RFA also gets support, and its reporters will get training, from the Center for Investigative Journalism, the Lenfest Institute for Journalism, the Solutions Journalism network and the Knight Foundation (which funds my job covering local news at Poynter. Poynter also gets funding from Lenfest and Google News Labs).RFA's thinking carefully about how newsrooms can do that and not put themselves or their reporter in conflict or question because of that funding, Sennott said. GroundTruth Project adopted guidelines that adhere to PBS' funding guidelines, which ensure editorial independence at every step, he said. RFA also has a paid advisor who was formally the head of standards at PBS.
ee  journalism  rural  google 
4 weeks ago
Battle over college course material is a textbook example of technological change - The Washington Post
please include in digest, specifically the $5 million secured in the US budget for open textbooks, a victory which can be attributed to Nicole Allen of our grantee, SPARC.
OER  SPARC 
4 weeks ago
Leveraging the Power of Bots for Civil Society
t’s not enough to make sure that people are heard; we now have to make sure that technology adds value to human interactions, rather than replacing them or steering social good in the wrong direction. If technology creates value in a human-centered way, then we will have more time to be people-centric.

So before the bots become involved with almost every facet of our lives, it is incumbent upon those of us in the nonprofit and social-change sectors to start a discussion on how we both hold on to and lead with our humanity, as opposed to allowing the bots to lead. We are unprepared for this moment, and it does not feel like an understatement to say that the future of humanity relies on our ability to make sure we’re in charge of the bots, not the other way around.
bots  ee 
5 weeks ago
IRIN | A LinkedIn to combat rights abuse?
He explained how a new website, Who Was in Command, has made his work a lot easier by publishing the names, ranks, and command responsibilities of security forces in Nigeria, Egypt, and Mexico.Victims of human rights abuses and their families often don’t know the names of the individual security officers they accuse of violating their rights, but their bosses can be held liable for their actions. However, according to Obiagwu, commanders tend not to stay in the same place for more than six months, which makes it time-intensive to find out who is responsible for the troops’ actions.Having all this information gathered from public sources on one website and made into a reference database has revolutionised his work. Now, “if I want to know the name of the person who is in charge… it can easily be gotten from that website,” he said.
ee  grantee  security-force-monitor  military 
5 weeks ago
When Terrorists Run City Hall - The New York Times
Individually, each piece of paper documents a single, routine interaction: A land transfer between neighbors. The sale of a ton of wheat. A fine for improper dress.

But taken together, the documents in the trove reveal the inner workings of a complex system of government.
ee  archives  isis  database  humanrights 
6 weeks ago
Signal >> Blog >> Signal Foundation
We’re glad those are the choices we’ve made. Today, we are launching the Signal Foundation, an emerging 501(c)(3) nonprofit created and made possible by Brian Acton, the co-founder of WhatsApp, to support, accelerate, and broaden Signal’s mission of making private communication accessible and ubiquitous. In case you missed it, Brian left WhatsApp and Facebook last year, and has been thinking about how to best focus his future time and energy on building nonprofit technology for public good.

Starting with an initial $50,000,000 in funding, we can now increase the size of our team, our capacity, and our ambitions. This means reduced uncertainty on the path to sustainability, and the strengthening of our long-term goals and values. Perhaps most significantly, the addition of Brian brings an incredibly talented engineer and visionary with decades of experience building successful products to our team.
ee  signal  software  privacy  crypto 
7 weeks ago
Can an App Track Sexual Predators in the Theatre? | The New Yorker
“a tool to remove serial predators from our workplaces.” The assembled performers, writers, and other creative types were there to learn about Callisto, an online nonprofit startup that seeks to leverage the power of tech to fight sexual harassment and assault. Using Callisto, a victim can create a secure, time-stamped record of her assault, a so-called “information escrow.”...(Last week, after the meeting, the Actors’ Equity Association Council voted against adopting Callisto for its members.)
ee  callisto  sexual_assault  information_escrow 
7 weeks ago
ICE Uses Facebook Data to Find and Track Suspects, Internal Emails Show
Palantir is a controversial data analytics firm co-founded by billionaire investor Peter Thiel. The company, which does business with the military and major intelligence agencies, has contracted with ICE since 2014. As journalist Spencer Woodman reported last year, the company developed a special system for ICE to access a vast “ecosystem” of data to facilitate immigration officials in both discovering targets and then creating and administering cases against them.
ee  palantir  ICE  immigration  facebook 
7 weeks ago
Recode Daily: Facebook turns to print to apologize for its data debacle - Recode
which stands for “machine learning, (home) automation, robotics and space exploration,” but Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos calls it “summer camp for geeks.” The three-day Palm Springs confab brings together global power players to talk about Big Issues — gravitational waves, cutting-edge robot grasping technology, hyperefficient 3-D-printed rocket engines and AI, always AI. The magazine noticed a conspicuous absence of anyone from Google, Microsoft, Apple or Facebook, and suggests a “pop-up book club” recommending what the smartest scientists and technologists in the world like to read
ee 
7 weeks ago
Facebook must be restructured. Here are 9 steps the FTC should take
An opinion piece from 2 members of the Open Markets Institute (an OSF grantee) giving practical advice on how to address the issues surrounding Facebook.
8 weeks ago
YouTube May Add to the Burdens of Humble Wikipedia - The New York Times
Wikipedia’s lopsided relationships can also amplify pre-existing internal problems. Its contributors skew white and male, for example, leading to predictable outcomes — just 17 percent of the subjects of biographies on the site are women. Wikipedia is taking steps to address the issue, but the next generation of consumer tech is being built on top of it — and its gaps and biases — in the meantime.
ee  wikipedia  youtube  fact 
8 weeks ago
Digital media pioneer urges radical rethink of copyright
In his keynote speech in Wellington this week, Canadian author, journalist and digital pioneer Cory Doctorow said propping up existing businesses in news, media and entertainment is like trying to reward the winners of last year’s lottery all over again.

“Freezing old business models” will mean “ending up at war” with the forces of innovation and change, he warned.   
copyright  reform  mh 
8 weeks ago
Facebook bans far-right group Britain First for ‘inciting hatred against minorities’ - The Verge
Facebook has been struggling for years now with how to deal with extremist content on its platform, but rarely intervenes in such a direct manner. Still, the ban is more symbolic than it is the beginning of an effective campaign against hate groups. One recent investigation from Wired UK found a whole network of Facebook pages linked to Britain First sharing the same content. At the time of writing these pages are still online.
ee  facebook  hatespeech 
9 weeks ago
Privacy for Whom? – The New Inquiry
Two new books show that for the poor, privacy has never been on offer
privacy  poverty 
9 weeks ago
Muslim Cyber Army: a fake news operation designed to derail Indonesia's leader
Interesting article about fake news and political interference in Indonesia
9 weeks ago
The Rise of Internet & Society Centers—and a New Interdiscipline – Jeff Pooley
There’s a new academic meta-field, centered on digital life, that doesn’t look anything like a traditional discipline. The field is more like an estuary, fed by a number of existing disciplines—library and information science, law, sociology, science and technology studies, and communication. It’s an interdisciplinary mashup of fields whose domains (“media”, “information,” “technology”) have merged.
9 weeks ago
Joshua Topolsky, Former Verge Editor, Raises Funding for Digital Media Venture - WSJ
Instead, with The Outline, Mr. Topolsky said he is aiming to reach roughly 10 to 15 million users, most of whom come directly to his site. “This has to be a real brand,” he said. The site’s content will focus on three areas: power, as it relates to subjects like politics and business; culture; and the future. He said he’s aiming for a smart, influential readership.

The plan is to produce roughly 15 to 20 pieces of content a day, including text articles, more visual stories and video.

“I really want to move away from the impressions-based way of judging success,” he said. “We want to focus on the best way to tell a story. Digital media has millions of colors to paint with, and most of the time we only use like four.”
ee  digital_media  media  narrative 
10 weeks ago
Here Come the Fake Videos, Too - The New York Times
He said he had created FakeApp as a creative experiment and was chagrined to see Reddit’s deepfake community use it for ill.

“I joined the community based around these algorithms when it was very small (less than 500 people),” he wrote, “and as soon as I saw the results I knew this was brilliant tech that should be accessible to anyone who wants to play around with it. I figured I’d take a shot at putting together an easy-to-use package to accomplish that.”

N. said he didn’t support the use of FakeApp to create nonconsensual pornography or other abusive content. And he said he agreed with Reddit’s decision to ban explicit deepfakes. But he defended the product.

“I’ve given it a lot of thought,” he said, “and ultimately I’ve decided I don’t think it’s right to condemn the technology itself — which can of course be used for many purposes, good and bad.”
ee  ai  truthiness  video  pornography  verification 
10 weeks ago
Consent in the Digital Age: Can Apps Solve a Very Human Problem? - The New York Times
A profile update is an event we store on the blockchain and will subsequently update the live contract,” Rick Schmitz, a co-creator of LegalFling, recently said. The transaction is encrypted, timestamped and stored. (A blockchain is a collection of digital transactions that are registered in a sequence of “blocks” of data.)
ee  blockchain  harassment 
10 weeks ago
« earlier      
a2k accesstocommunications accesstomedicines accountability acta activism advertising advocacy africa agnotology agriculture ai algorithms amazon analysis anonymous apple audio bh big bigdata bigdata; blocking blogging book books brazil businessmodels canada censorship china circumvention citizenmedia competition conference copyright copyright_enforcement creativecommons crowdsourcing crypto cybercrime cybersecurity cyberwar darius data data-driven_journalism data; dataprotection dataretention datavisualisation david dc ddos development digest digitalgurus dns drm drones education ee eff egypt elections em encryption enforcement ethics eu europe europeancommission event events facebook facialrecognition fairuse fakenews filetype:pdf filtering foe foi france freeexpression freespeech fta funding futureofthebook generics genetics genomics germany globalvoices google governance government grantee grantees hacking hacktivism health healthcare hjd humanrights identity india innovation intermediary_liability internet internet_governance internetfreedomtm interview ip ipr iran jc jerzy jh journalism kenya killswitch km latinamerica law legal_cases legislation libraries lobbying mapping media media:document mexico mh microsoft mobile moocs mysociety netneutrality networked-public-sphere news nigeria nki nsa oa oer ogp okf oped open openaccess opendata opengovernment openscience opensource p2p pakistan patent patents philanthropy piracy podcast policy politics politicsofalgorithms prism privacy protest public_sphere publicdomain publicsphere publishing reform regulation report research resources robots russia science search security socialmedia sopa southafrica spectrum surveillance technology threestrikes tools tpp trade transparency tunisia tvi twitter uk un us usa ushahidi vf video visualization whistleblowing wikileaks wikipedia wipo youth youtube

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: