OpenCon
major conference for early career researchers on OA, OER, and Open Data, organized by OSF grantee, the Right to Research Coalition - for digest
OA  OER  conference 
2 days ago
Regulators Must Get Up To Speed On Financial AI - Law360
The report from law firm Baker & McKenzie LLP said that while banks have been putting such machines — which have the capacity to learn from new data in a way that is similar to what humans do — to work in trading, credit approvals, risk detection and other aspects of their operations, industry representatives believe regulators are not at this point capable of monitoring the machines that will soon be making many decisions in place of people.
ee  robots  finance  financialdata 
4 days ago
Perry Anderson · Crisis in Brazil · LRB 21 April 2016
A long, magisterial overview of the background to the crisis.
brazil 
10 days ago
Innovative Companies Get Their Best Ideas from Academic Research — Here’s How They Do It
Highlights the importance of federally funded research to business innovation, but mistakenly states that all federally funded research is openly available.
OA  Harvard  Business  Review 
10 days ago
You Pay to Read Research You Fund. That’s Ludicrous | WIRED
Opinion piece in Wired on Open Access by Ryan Merkley of Creative Commons
OA  Creative  Commons  Wired 
11 days ago
Automating power: Social bot interference in global politics | Woolley | First Monday
Over the last several years political actors worldwide have begun harnessing the digital power of social bots — software programs designed to mimic human social media users on platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Reddit. Increasingly, politicians, militaries, and government-contracted firms use these automated actors in online attempts to manipulate public opinion and disrupt organizational communication. Politicized social bots — here ‘political bots’ — are used to massively boost politicians’ follower levels on social media sites in attempts to generate false impressions of popularity. They are programmed to actively and automatically flood news streams with spam during political crises, elections, and conflicts in order to interrupt the efforts of activists and political dissidents who publicize and organize online. They are used by regimes to send out sophisticated computational propaganda. This paper conducts a content analysis of available media articles on political bots in order to build an event dataset of global political bot deployment that codes for usage, capability, and history. This information is then analyzed, generating a global outline of this phenomenon. This outline seeks to explain the variety of political bot-oriented strategies and presents details crucial to building understandings of these automated software actors in the humanities, social and computer sciences.
publicsphere  censorship 
12 days ago
EU action plan for Open Science
Outcome of EU meeting on Open Access
OA 
22 days ago
Forget Apple vs. the FBI: WhatsApp Just Switched on Encryption for a Billion People | WIRED
Mountain View is home to WhatsApp, an online messaging service now owned by tech giant Facebook, that has grown into one of the world’s most important applications. More than a billion people trade messages, make phone calls, send photos, and swap videos using the service. This means that only Facebook itself runs a larger self-contained communications network. And today, the enigmatic founders of WhatsApp, Brian Acton and Jan Koum, together with a high-minded coder and cryptographer who goes by the pseudonym Moxie Marlinspike, revealed that the company has added end-to-end encryption to every form of communication on its service.
encryption  security  WhatsApp  facebook  moxin_marlinspike  ds 
24 days ago
Super-rich caught out by children’s Instagram accounts 
They found the hidden money and assets by monitoring the location of his children’s social media posts.

"We monitored social media, particularly for his children, who were in their 20s, and found a lot of posts from the same geo-tagged sites," said Mr Beckett.

"Cross-referencing that with land registry and other similar bodies overseas, we found half a dozen properties that were registered in the name of this person
opendata  ee  socialmedia  corruption 
25 days ago
Can a Dress Shirt Be Racist? — Backchannel — Medium
“The algorithm doesn’t care what you really are,” he told me. “It matters what you choose, and what you think you are.”
ee  consumers  diversity  ethnic_profiling  algorithms 
26 days ago
Social Media Predator: How to Hack an Election
Mind boggling Bloomberg piece with the confessions of Colombian political hacker Andrés Sepúlveda, in which he claims to have done dirty campaign work for right-wing politicians across the region, including Mexico's Enrique Peña Nieto, Guatemala's PAN, and the Venezuelan opposition. "As for Sepúlveda, his insight was to understand that voters trusted what they thought were spontaneous expressions of real people on social media more than they did experts on television and in newspapers. He knew that accounts could be faked and social media trends fabricated, all relatively cheaply. He wrote a software program, now called Social Media Predator, to manage and direct a virtual army of fake Twitter accounts. The software let him quickly change names, profile pictures, and biographies to fit any need. Eventually, he discovered, he could manipulate the public debate as easily as moving pieces on a chessboard—or, as he puts it, 'When I realized that people believe what the Internet says more than reality, I discovered that I had the power to make people believe almost anything.'" (See Geoff Ramsay's Post on Sepúlveda's arrest in 2014 for illegally gathering information on the peace talks in Havana.)
platforms  elections  politics 
26 days ago
Knowledge Unbound | The MIT Press
Peter Suber's new book on OA, containing selected writings from 2002-2011.
Peter  Suber  OA 
4 weeks ago
Should All Research Papers Be Free? - NYTimes.com
News analysis by NYT on imbalance of the scholarly publishing industry w/quotes from leading OA advocates.
OA  SciHub 
7 weeks ago
How economic theory can help stop sexual assault | PBS NewsHour
the concept of "information escrow" to challenge the first mover disadvantage in reporting or accusing assault.
information  ee  information_escrow  data  building_blocks  empowerment 
7 weeks ago
Former Google CEO Schmidt to head new Pentagon innovation board | Reuters
Eric Schmidt, the former chief executive officer of Google, has agreed to head a new Pentagon advisory board aimed at bringing Silicon Valley innovation and best practices to the U.S. military, Defense Secretary Ash Carter said on Wednesday.

Carter is due to discuss the new Defense Innovation Advisory Board with Schmidt during the annual RSA cybersecurity conference in San Francisco. Schmidt is now the executive chairman of Alphabet Inc (GOOGL.O), the parent company of Google.
government  industry  pentagon  Google  eric_schmidt  cybersecurity  ds 
8 weeks ago
Brazilian police arrest Facebook's Latin America vice-president | Technology | The Guardian
Police in São Paulo have detained the regional vice-president of Facebook for failing to provide information requested by a criminal investigation. Diego Dzodan was taken into custody at Garulhos airport on Tuesday and is now being questioned about Facebook subsidiary WhatsApp’s alleged non-compliance with a court order. According to the court, WhatsApp had been ordered for more than a month to reveal messages relating to a suspected drug-trafficking ring.
whatsapp  facebook  brazil  data_requests  ds 
8 weeks ago
How to hold governments accountable for their algorithms.
Algorithms determine prison sentences and Social Security benefits. So we need to know how they work.
algorithms  foi  transparency  government  accountability  ds 
8 weeks ago
New Weapon in Day Laborers’ Fight Against Wage Theft: A Smartphone App - NYTimes.com
noteworthy for the details about the inclusivity of its development, implementation; q re safety and privacy, interaction with legal environment
ee  app  labor  inclusive-developer  civichacking 
8 weeks ago
Forget Trump and Clinton: IBM's Watson is running for president | PCWorld
Would we be better off with an algorithmically controlled overlord? If company CEOs can be replaced by computers, why not the president of the United States? That, in fact, is exactly what's been proposed for IBM's Watson.
Watson has already made quite a name for itself, of course, dating back to its 2011 victory on Jeopardy. Since then, it's gone on to make medical predictions, critique written text and offer insight on product performance, among other accomplishments.
Now, a group called The Watson 2016 Foundation -- which "has no affiliation with IBM," according to its Watson for President website -- has emerged to help promote the cognitive computer's presidential prospects.
algorithms  watson  ibm  public_opinion  ds 
9 weeks ago
Watson for President 2016
The Watson 2016 Foundation is an independent organization formed for the advocacy of the artificial intelligence known as Watson to run for President of The United States of America. It is our belief that Watson’s unique capabilities to assess information and make informed and transparent decisions define it as an ideal candidate for the job responsibilities required by the president.
algorithms  public_opinion  ibm  watson  ds 
9 weeks ago
Expensive Journals Drive Academics To Break Copyright Law : NPR
NPR interviewed our grantee, Heather Joseph re the scholarly publishing system and SciHub.
SPARC  SciHub  NPR 
10 weeks ago
Record Number of Investor-State Arbitrations Filed in 2015
Record Number of Investor-State Arbitrations Filed in 2015
TradeGovernance  ISDS 
10 weeks ago
A plea for open science on Zika | Science | AAAS
journal publishes pledge to made articles re the Zika virus OA.
OA  Zika  virus 
10 weeks ago
Nervous Systems: Quantified Life and the Social Question | Tactical Technology Collective
NERVOUS SYSTEMS: QUANTIFIED LIFE AND THE SOCIAL QUESTION is an exhibition by Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW) in Berlin – in collaboration with Tactical Technology Collective, co-curated by Stephanie Hankey, Marek Tuszynski and Anselm Franke. Nervous Systems takes place as part of the HKW's 100 Years of Now.

Exhibition: 11 March - 9 May 2016 
Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin

Opening: 10 March 2016, 7pm  - Please join us!
exhibition  TacticalTech  QuantifiedSociety 
10 weeks ago
Researcher illegally shares millions of science papers free online to spread knowledge - ScienceAlert
A researcher in Russia has made more than 48 million journal articles - almost every single peer-reviewed paper every published - freely available online. And she's now refusing to shut the site down, despite a court injunction and a lawsuit from Elsevier, one of the world's biggest publishers.
openaccess 
11 weeks ago
[Review] David Sasaki on "No Such Thing as a Free Gift" — Medium
David's review of Linsey McGoey’s "No Such Thing as a Free Gift: The Gates Foundation and the Price of Philanthropy".
philanthropy  philanthro-skepticism 
12 weeks ago
The Promise (and Threat) of Algorithmic Accountability - 01 - 2016 - Events - Public events - Home
Speaker: Professor Frank Pasquale
Respondent: Professor Evelyn Ruppert
Chair: Dr Alison Powell 

From search engine results to credit scores, software orders and weights hundreds of variables into clean, simple interfaces, taking us from question to answer in a fraction of a second. But the rise of big data and predictive analytics in media and finance has alarmed many academics, activists, journalists and legal experts. Three aspects of algorithmic ordering of information have provoked particular scrutiny. The data used may be inaccurate or inappropriate. Algorithmic modeling may be biased or limited. And the uses of algorithms are still opaque in many critical sectors.

Policymakers must address each of these problems, but face two major obstacles. First, how can regulators apply expert judgment given rapidly changing technology and business practices? Second, when is human review essential-and when will controversies over one algorithmic ordering merely result in a second computational analysis of a contested matter? Focusing on recent controversies over the "right to be forgotten" and alternative credit scoring (such as proposals to base loan approvals on qualities of the applicant's social network contacts), this talk will propose reforms essential to humane automation of new media and banking.
podcast  politics_of_algorithms  algorithms 
12 weeks ago
Amplifying the Impact of Open Access: Wikipedia and the Diffusion of Science
I missed this research this summer. The OA Signalling Project with Wikipedia we are supporting will further help to identify OA articles cited in Wikipedia references.
OA  Wikipedia 
12 weeks ago
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