Robin Dunbar: Is There A Limit To How Many Friends We Can Have? : NPR
Anthropologist Robin Dunbar believes the evolutionary structure of social networks limits us to 150 meaningful relationships at a time — even with the rise of social media
sociology  Video  Psychology  Social  Media 
10 days ago
Live Salsa & Jazz Wednesday July 18, 2018 at Ball & Chain
Salsa dancing: noon to 6pm
Live jazz: 6pm to 8:30pm
10 days ago
Some Colleges Have More Students From the Top 1 Percent Than the Bottom 60. Find Yours. - The New York Times
Students at elite colleges are even richer than experts realized, according to a new study based on millions of anonymous tax filings and tuition records.

At 38 colleges in America, including five in the Ivy League – Dartmouth, Princeton, Yale, Penn and Brown – more students came from the top 1 percent of the income scale than from the entire bottom 60 percent.
education  class  inequalities  design 
11 days ago
Opinion | America Started Over Once. Can We Do It Again? - The New York Times
The 14th Amendment, in particular, “hit the reset button on American democracy,” as Sherrilyn Ifill, director of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, put it recently. It extended the protections in the Bill of Rights, which applied only against the federal government, to cover people in their dealings with the states. Its best known and most litigated provision, Section 1, went even further, guaranteeing for the first time the basic equality of all people, no matter their skin color, station in life or citizenship.
history  race  constitution 
11 days ago
The Lore Of Big Thief : NPR
She didn't have the money to attend the College full-time, but while she was at the summer program, her guitar teacher arranged a meeting with the Dean of Admissions Damien Bracken. He expected a discussion, but she brought her guitar and played him her songs. He was floored. He knew that Susan Tedeschi, the famed singer, had been tasked with helping to find a student for a Berklee scholarship — that student would be Lenker. When Tedeschi, an accomplished belter, heard her play, she counseled Lenker on how to project her voice more, but Bracken told her not to change a thing. To this day, Lenker sings like she speaks — soft but strong, a bit over a whisper, as if she's right beside you.
bands  history 
13 days ago
Big Thief Capitalize on Critical Momentum with 'Capacity'
"Masterpiece is a photo of my mom and her two brothers," she explains. "She was probably about 16, give or take a year. My sister sent it to me and it just resonated with everybody. It was the right cover. On the back cover of Masterpiece, there are two little boys and one of them is on the cover of Capacity. That's my uncle Adam, and he was about 14. Both photos make me ask questions, and I like that feeling. I feel like a lot of the work is asking questions, rather than giving answers. They've been very generous and excited about being part of it. They're really important people in my life, so it's great to look at them on the albums."
bands  photos  art 
13 days ago
How 'The Battle Hymn Of The Republic' Became Everybody's Anthem : NPR
A quick bit of history: It's the middle of the Civil War. Union soldiers are sitting around a campfire, goofing off, singing songs — and they're ribbing on this one guy. "One of the members of the singing group is a Scottish immigrant named John Brown," Harvard professor John Stauffer says.

To be clear, he's not talking about the famous abolitionist, who was executed before the war even began; this John Brown was just a regular soldier. Stauffer, who co-authored the book The Battle Hymn of the Republic: A Biography of the Song that Marches On, says the soldiers were making up new lyrics to the tune of an old hymn, "Say Brothers, Will You Meet Us."

"So when they start making up songs to pass the time, comrades needle him and say, 'You can't be John Brown — John Brown's dead.' And then another soldier would add, 'His body's moulderin' in the grave,' " Stauffer explains. Though their impromptu rewrite was inspired by a regular soldier, the ghost of the abolitionist loomed large — and a marching song called "John Brown's Body" was born.
history  Music  War 
16 days ago
The Risks of Social Media Use by Employees, and How Public Employers Can Create Strong Social Media Policies: Foster Swift

Over the years, courts have made a clear distinction between the rights entitled to a private citizen, and a public sector employee. Social media has blurred the lines between professional and personal life. The First Amendment guarantees free speech rights, but it is not without limits. This is true both online and offline.

In order to challenge an employment-related decision under the First Amendment, a public sector employee must (1) show their speech addresses a matter of public concern, and (2) show free-speech interests outweigh the employer’s efficiency interests.

If an employee can show that comments made through social media involve a matter of public concern, courts will evaluate whether the speech:

Impairs discipline or harmony among co-workers.
Has a detrimental impact on close working relationships for which personal loyalty and confidence are necessary.
Interferes with the normal operation of the employer’s business.
free  Speech  Social  Media  constitution 
17 days ago
Public Employees, Private Speech: 1st Amendment doesn't always protect government workers
Nonetheless, public employees often lose free speech cases because courts defer to an employer’s judgment that the employee’s inflammatory posts will cause disharmony or make the public view the public employer with derision or disrespect.

When a public employee’s posts create a real fear of backlash from the community, courts often defer to the employer’s judgments. “For example, I think such concerns are especially strong where a police officer’s off-duty speech—on social media or elsewhere—undermines a police department’s ability credibly to communicate its commitment to evenhanded law enforcement regardless of race,” Norton explains. “For example, consider the message sent to the public if a police chief were to march in a Klan parade while off duty—or sends a series of racist tweets.”
free  Speech  constitution  Social  Media 
17 days ago
To Tweet or not to Tweet: Government Employees and Social Media | Freedom Forum Institute
1) First of all, government employees are only protected by the First Amendment when they are speaking as private citizens. If their speech is part of their official job duties, then they can be fired or disciplined for it.

This rule comes from a 2006 Supreme Court case, Garcetti v. Ceballos. Obviously, it isn’t always easy to differentiate when a government employee is speaking as a private citizen, and when they are speaking as a government employee.

The Supreme Court established this as a necessary element for a government employee’s speech to be protected by the First Amendment in Pickering v. Board of Education. In a later case, Connick v. Myers, the Supreme Court instructed that the question of whether an employee’s speech addresses a matter of public concern should be determined by looking at the content, form, and context of a given statement, as revealed by the whole record, and not by applying a common, standardized rule. The Court also said that this was a question of law, meaning that it should be left to the court to decide, not a jury.

3) If a government employee was speaking as a private citizen on a matter of public concern, the next question is whether the government employer’s interest in efficiently fulfilling its public services is greater than the employee’s interest in speaking freely.

4) Special Note: Federal government employees have extra restrictions on their speech, which are imposed by the Hatch Act.

The Hatch Act, or the Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities, was passed in 1939. The purpose of the Hatch Act was to prevent federal employees from engaging in partisan political activities, such as endorsing particular political candidates.
Speech  constitution  Social  Media 
17 days ago
Government Employees Get to Have Opinions, Too | American Civil Liberties Union
What do federal employees remain free to say? The Supreme Court has stated clearly that public employees cannot be fired for speaking on issues of public concern as private individuals. Practically speaking, this means that – with the possible exception of certain high-ranking government officials – an employee can speak on personal time and in a personal capacity about matters that affect the public. Their protections are strongest when they are speaking about issues that do not relate to their job duties. For example, a scientist who works at the Environmental Protection Agency is free to research and write academic papers on her own time, which she can then publish under her own name. A State Department employee can attend a local school board meeting and express support for a measure being proposed. To the extent their speech meets the above requirements, employees can even speak anonymously. (One Twitter account that launched last night seems to be run by a handful of National Park Service rangers apparently writing during their personal time.)


DEMAND TRANSPARENCY These are general rules, and there are exceptions, such as when an employee’s speech causes disruption to the workplace. But properly construed, any exceptions should apply only in those cases where the government’s interest in carrying out its duties is truly impaired by what an employee has said.  
Social  Media  constitution  Speech 
17 days ago
Public Employee’s Offensive Social Media Comments Unprotected
Although the court resolved the balancing test in favor of the employer in this case, it emphasized that government employees do not necessarily lose their right to free speech by working for the government and expressly cautioned that an employer's interest in maintaining efficiency will not always outweigh the interests of an employee in speaking on matters of public concern.

Grutzmacher v. Howard County, Md., 4th Cir., No. 15-2066 (March 20, 2017).

Professional Pointer: While the employer won this case, employers nevertheless should be careful when drafting and enforcing social media policies so that they do not interfere unnecessarily with employees' First Amendment rights.  
Social  Media  Speech  constitution 
17 days ago
Students Boycott High School's Required 'Racial Identity' Day
"Two staff members and two students also defended the program. One, Spiro Bolos, discussed the seminar he had given, “TV Tokenism,” which criticized portrayals of minorities in media. Another, Michael Christensen, talked about her seminar, “Drawing Lines: Housing Segregation and Redlining in Chicagoland Neighborhoods.” The class apparently did not consider a variety of political views, though housing is a current topic of local political debate."
race  newtrier 
18 days ago
Lemmings Tavern
Bucktown bar that features local artists
chicago  restaurants  art  photography 
23 days ago
Opinion | How Entitled Parents Hurt Schools - The New York Times
With economic segregation in the United States worsening, there is likely to be a growing number of school districts where poor children, and poor parents, predominate.

Yet, economic segregation, which is more pronounced among families with children, also creates public school districts where affluent families predominate. This can lead to trouble in schools, but of a distinct kind. Motivated by a fierce desire to protect their children and themselves from difficulty, and armed with a robust sense of entitlement as well as ample economic, cultural and social resources, affluent parents can create conflict and interfere with school districts on a scale that is rarely acknowledged.
class  education  inequalities  Money 
25 days ago
How the baby boomers — not millennials — screwed America - Vox
This is a generation that is dominated by feelings, not by facts. The irony is that boomers criticize millennials for being snowflakes, for being too driven by feelings. But the boomers are the first big feelings generation. They’re highly motivated by feelings and not persuaded by facts. And you can see this in their policies.

Take this whole fantasy about trickle-down economics. Maybe it was worth a shot, but it doesn’t work. We know it doesn’t work. The evidence is overwhelming. The experiment is over. And yet they’re still clinging to this dogma, and indeed the latest tax bill is the latest example of that.

Time after time, when facts collided with feelings, the boomers chose feelings.
politics  inequalities  history 
25 days ago
Therieau Art and Frame
Scanning services? Recommended by Andy at Transistor
photos  shopping 
25 days ago
The Digital Convert - High Quality Photo, Slide and Album Scanning Services in Chicago, IL
200 - 1,500 prints = 29¢/ea
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photos  shopping 
25 days ago
Why Laura Bush speaking up on separating families matters so much - The Washington Post
Some leading women writers deployed this strategy in the decade before the Civil War. In their efforts to end slavery, abolitionists in the 1850s described children being ripped apart from their mothers, an act so immoral that it moved previously disengaged people to take a stand against slavery.
women  history 
29 days ago
Search: chicago | Flickr
Use Library of Congress links for high resolution TIFF
photos  history  chicago 
4 weeks ago
Parents’ Screen Time Is Hurting Kids - The Atlantic
Yet for all the talk about children’s screen time, surprisingly little attention is paid to screen use by parents themselves, who now suffer from what the technology expert Linda Stone more than 20 years ago called “continuous partial attention.” This condition is harming not just us, as Stone has argued; it is harming our children. The new parental-interaction style can interrupt an ancient emotional cueing system, whose hallmark is responsive communication, the basis of most human learning. We’re in uncharted territory.
children  shallows  Technology 
4 weeks ago
Bryan Stevenson and the Legacy of Lynching | The New Yorker
Jordan Steiker, the professor who convened the meeting, told me, “In one sense, the death penalty is clearly a substitute for lynching. One of the main justifications for the use of the death penalty, especially in the South, was that it served to avoid lynching. The number of people executed rises tremendously at the end of the lynching era. And there’s still incredible overlap between places that had lynching and places that continue to use the death penalty.” Drawing on the work of such noted legal scholars as David Garland and Franklin Zimring, Steiker and his sister Carol, a professor at Harvard Law School, have written a forthcoming book, “Courting Death: The Supreme Court and Capital Punishment,” which explores the links between lynching and state-sponsored executions.
history  race  inequalities  sociology 
4 weeks ago
Quote by Frederick Douglass: “I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, wom...”
“I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, women-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of the land.
history  Books  religion 
4 weeks ago
Space Images
from NASA and the JPL
images  history 
4 weeks ago
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