6775
The Systems Thinker – A Lifetime of Systems Thinking - The Systems Thinker
"
Here is a very small sample of the obvious things I have found to be wrong:

Improving the performance of the parts of a system taken separately will necessarily improve the performance of the whole. False. In fact, it can destroy an organization, as is apparent in an example I have used ad nauseum: Installing a Rolls Royce engine in a Hyundai can make it inoperable. This explains why benchmarking has almost always failed. Denial of this principle of performance improvement led me to a series of organizational designs intended to facilitate the management of interactions: the circular organization, the internal market economy, and the multidimensional organization.
Problems are disciplinary in nature. Effective research is not disciplinary, interdisciplinary, or multidisciplinary; it is transdisciplinary. Systems thinking is holistic; it attempts to derive understanding of parts from the behavior and properties of wholes, rather than derive the behavior and properties of wholes from those of their parts. Disciplines are taken by science to represent different parts of the reality we experience. In effect, science assumes that reality is structured and organized in the same way universities are.

This is a double error. First, disciplines do not constitute different parts of reality; they are different aspects of reality, different points of view. Any part of reality can be viewed from any of these aspects. The whole can be understood only by viewing it from all the perspectives simultaneously.

Second, the separation of our different points of view encourages looking for solutions to problems with the same point of view from which the problem was formulated. Quoting Einstein: “Without changing our pattern of thought, we will not be able to solve the problems we created with our current patterns of thought.” When we know how a system works, how its parts are connected, and how the parts interact to produce the behavior and properties of the whole, we can almost always find one or more points of view that lead to better solutions than those we would have arrived at from the point of view from which the problem was formulated. For example, we do not try to cure a headache by brain surgery, but by putting a pill in the stomach. We do this because we understand how the body, a biological system, works. When science divides reality up into disciplinary parts and deals with them separately, it reveals a lack of understanding of reality as a whole, as a system.

Systems thinking not only erases the boundaries between the points of view that define the sciences and professions, it also erases the boundary between science and the humanities. Science, I believe, consists of the search for similarities among things that are apparently different; the humanities consist of the search for differences among things that are apparently similar. Science and the humanities are the head and tail of reality—viewable separately, but not separable. It is for this reason that I have come to refer to the study of systems as part of the “scianities.”
The best thing that can be done to a problem is to solve it. False. The best thing that can be done to a problem is to dissolve it, to redesign the entity that has it or its environment so as to eliminate the problem. Such a design incorporates common sense and research, and increases our learning more than trial-and-error or scientific research alone can.
"
systems  philosophy  essay  design 
12 hours ago
Binder (beta)
This seems like it would be great for creating a data science portfolio.
github  python  notebook  programming  datascience  useful  presentation  portfolio 
13 hours ago
William Davies · Leave, and Leave Again · LRB 16 January 2019
Leave, and Leave Again It is received wisdom about referendums that ‘yes’ has an advantage over ‘no’. Added January 22, 2019 at 05:28PM
Pocket 
yesterday
Welcome to the Westminster apocalypse. Have you thought about theocracy instead? | Marina Hyde | Opinion | The Guardian
"After Stanley Baldwin, then prime minister, had made the abdication announcement in the House in 1936, the MP Harold Nicolson bumped into him in a corridor outside the chamber. The moment was obviously one of electrifying historic drama, yet Nicolson’s diary entry archly conveys Baldwin’s self-centric take on it.

“I detected in [Baldwin] that intoxication which comes to a man, even a tired man, after a triumphant success … ‘I had a success, my dear Nicolson, at the moment I most needed it …’ No man has dominated the House as Baldwin did tonight,” Nicolson concluded, “and he knows it.”

The same could not be said of Theresa May, who rose to the occasion like a replicant Anglepoise lamp. Basic shambles model. Indeed, speaking of the abdication, it’s grimly amusing to consider that Theresa May’s big intervention in the 2015 general election campaign was to warn that “if we saw a Labour government propped up by the SNP, it could be the biggest constitutional crisis since the abdication”. As it turned out, madam would have something rather bigger up her own sleeve."
brexit  humour  guardian  opinion  politics  UK 
4 days ago
tom watson MP: She cannot confuse pity with political legitimacy - YouTube
Amazing speech and amazing, complete burnination of May.

(She went on to survive the vote.)
speech  video  uk  brexit  politics 
5 days ago
Crafting a life | 1843
Crafting a life The One Eight distillery occupies a stretch of a low-slung brick warehouse in Ivy City, a bedraggled, industrial neighbourhood two miles north-east of the Capitol, in Washington, DC. Added January 10, 2019 at 04:35PM
Pocket 
13 days ago
Father Time, by David Sedaris | The New Yorker
Father Time The night before his ninety-fifth-birthday party, my father fell while turning around in his kitchen. My sister Lisa and her husband, Bob, dropped by hours later to hook up his new TV and discovered him on the floor, disoriented and in pain. Added January 10, 2019 at 04:02PM
Pocket 
13 days ago
The French Burglar Who Pulled Off His Generation’s Biggest Art Heist | The New Yorker
The French Burglar Who Pulled Off His Generation’s Biggest Art Heist Long before the burglar Vjeran Tomic became the talk of Paris, he honed his skills in a graveyard. Père Lachaise, the city’s largest cemetery, is a Gothic maze of tombstones, in the Twentieth Arrondissement, that covers more than a hundred acres. Added January 10, 2019 at 03:59PM
Pocket 
13 days ago
Whale Watching in Kvaløya - Tomorrow Bear
Whale Watching in Kvaløya Through November to January and during the Polar Night, Humpback Whales are passing the shores of Northern Norway. Added January 10, 2019 at 03:59PM
Pocket 
13 days ago
Why People in Cities Walk Fast - CityLab
Why People in Cities Walk Fast Late last week our own Richard Florida wondered on Twitter whether pedestrian walking speeds might indicate a city's economic activity — reflecting some sort of "urban metabolism," as he put it. Added January 10, 2019 at 02:08PM
Pocket 
13 days ago
Twenty Rules for Writing Detective Stories By S.S. Van Dine
Twenty Rules for Writing Detective Stories By S.S. Van Dine EDITOR'S NOTE S.S. Van Dine (1888-1939, real name Willard Huntington Wright) was one of the most popular American mystery writers of the twenties and thirties, and his wealthy amateur sleuth Philo Vance remains one of the great fictional detectives, if not also one of the most insufferable. Added January 10, 2019 at 09:58AM
Pocket  writing  storytelling 
13 days ago
Cory Doctorow: Disruption for Thee, But Not for Me – Locus Online
Cory Doctorow: Disruption for Thee, But Not for Me “If you’re not reading Locus you’re way out of touch with science fiction and fantasy worldwide. Whether you’re an old hand or looking to break in, Locus is where you’ll find out what’s happening with your friends, colleagues, idols and organizations in the field. Added January 10, 2019 at 09:54AM
Pocket 
13 days ago
The Hand Licking Incident
The Hand Licking Incident When my oldest son was seven and in second grade, we were living in Kansas. Some time after the school year started, he began licking his hands. He soon was doing so all day, every day. His teacher wanted it to stop. So did his dad, my husband. Added January 10, 2019 at 09:57AM
Pocket 
13 days ago
What's HTTP? Explain HTTP Request and HTTP Response | Geek Explains: Java, J2EE, Oracle, Puzzles, and Problem Solving!
"Format of an HTTP Request

It has three main components, which are:-

HTTP Request Method, URI, and Protocol Version - this should always be the first line of an HTTP Request. As it's quite evident from the name itself, it contains the HTTP Request method being used for that particular request, the URI, and the HTTP protocol name with the version being used. It may look like 'GET /servlet/jspName.jsp HTTP/1.1' where the request method being used is 'GET', the URI is '/servlet/jspName.jsp', and the protocol (with version) is 'HTTP/1.1'.
HTTP Request Headers - this section of an HTTP Request contains the request headers, which are used to communicate information about the client environment. Few of these headers are: Content-Type, User-Agent, Accept-Encoding, Content-Length, Accept-Language, Host, etc. Very obvious to understand what info do these headers carry, isn't it? The names are quite self-explanatory.
HTTP Request Body - this part contains the actual request being sent to the HTTP Server. The HTTP Request Header and Body are separated by a blank line (CRLF sequence, where CR means Carriage Return and LF means Line Feed). This blank line is a mandatory part of a valid HTTP Request.

Format of an HTTP Response

Similar to an HTTP Request, an HTTP Response also has three main components, which are:-
Protocol/Version, Status Code, and its Description - the very first line of a valid HTTP Response is consists of the protocol name, it's version, status code of the request, and a short description of the status code. A status code of 200 means the processing of request was successful and the description in this case will be 'OK'. Similarly, a status code of '404' means the file requested was not found at the HTTP Server at the expected location and the description in this case is 'File Not Found'.
HTTP Response Headers - similar to HTTP Request Headers, HTTP Response Headers also contain useful information. The only difference is that HTTP Request Headers contain information about the environment of the client machine whereas HTTP Response Headers contain information about the environment of the server machine. This is easy to understand as HTTP Requests are formed at the client machine whereas HTTP Responses are formed at the server machine. Few of these HTTP Response headers are: Server, Content-Type, Last-Modified, Content-Length, etc.
HTTP Response Body - this the actual response which is rendered in the client window (the browser window). The content of the body will be HTML code. Similar to HTTP Request, in this case also the Body and the Headers components are separated by a mandatory blank line (CRLF sequence)."
webapp  development 
13 days ago
Coolest Things I Learned In 2018 — David Perell
"The Placebo Effect May Be Overstated

"Probably placebo effects rode on the coattails of a more important issue, regression to the mean. That is, most sick people get better eventually. This is true both for diseases like colds that naturally go away, and for diseases like depression that come in episodes which remit for a few months or years until the next relapse. People go to the doctor during times of extreme crisis, when they’re most sick. So no matter what happens, most of them will probably get better pretty quickly.”"

"Quality of Conversation Increases with Time

Rather than spending two or three hours with somebody, I prefer to spend two or three days with them. More, if possible. Time has the effect of pushing conversation deeper. After 24 hours, the smalltalk disappears, and after 48 hours, philosophizing is inevitable. The quality of conversation and the persistence of shared memories increases exponentially with time."
interesting  quotes  conversation 
13 days ago
The 'Busy' Trap - The New York Times
The ‘Busy’ Trap Anxiety: We worry. A gallery of contributors count the ways. If you live in America in the 21st century you’ve probably had to listen to a lot of people tell you how busy they are. It’s become the default response when you ask anyone how they’re doing: “Busy!” “So busy. Added January 10, 2019 at 03:59PM
Pocket 
13 days ago
Which License Should I Use? MIT vs. Apache vs. GPL | Exygy
"The MIT, BSD, and ISC licenses are “permissive licenses”. They are extremely short and essentially say “do whatever you want with this, just don’t sue me.”

The Apache license says “do whatever you want with this, just don’t sue me” but does so with many more words, which lawyers like because it adds specificity. It also contains a patent license and retaliation clause which is designed to prevent patents (including patent trolls) from encumbering the software project.

The GPL licenses (GPLv3, GPLv2, LGPL, Affero GPL) all contain some kind of share-alike license. They essentially say “if you make a derivative work of this, and distribute it to others under certain circumstances, then you have to provide the source code under this license.” The important thing to know here is that “derivative work” and “certain circumstances” both require some legal analysis to understand the meaning and impact for your project."
law  software  opensource  free  article 
15 days ago
How Millennials Became The Burnout Generation
How Millennials Became The Burnout Generation I couldn’t figure out why small, straightforward tasks on my to-do list felt so impossible. The answer is both more complex and far simpler than I expected. Added January 07, 2019 at 04:44PM

"Every graduating senior is scared, to some degree, of the future, but this was on a different level. When my class left our liberal arts experience, we scattered to temporary gigs: I worked at a dude ranch; another friend nannied for the summer; one got a job on a farm in New Zealand; others became raft guides and transitioned to ski instructors. We didn’t think our first job was important; it was just a job and would eventually, meanderingly lead to The Job."
Pocket  essay  life  internet  work  philosophy 
16 days ago
All you need to know about servers as a python developer
"The Http Server( a program ) will accept this request and will let your python script get the Http Request Method and URI. The HTTP server will handle many requests from images and static resources. What about the dynamically generated urls ?

@app.route('\displaynews\<name_of_category>',methods=['GET'])
You might have used this decorator in Flask. Flask is a microframework for python. Flask will pattern match this route with the request from the browser. But how does flask parse the http request from the browser? The Http Server passes the dynamically generated urls to the application server. Whoa ! wait .... What are application servers now?

Apache HTTPD and nginx are the two common web servers used with python.

##Application Servers Most HTTP servers are written in C or C++, so they cannot execute Python code directly – a bridge is needed between the server and the program. These bridges, or rather interfaces, define how programs interact with the server. This is the application server. The dynamically generated urls are passed from the WebServer to the Application server. The application servers matches to url and runs the script for that route. It then returns the response to the WebServer which formulates an HTTP Response and returns it to the client."

...

"##Rise of WSGI A Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) server implements the web server side of the WSGI interface for running Python web applications. WSGI scales and can work in both multithreaded and multi process environments. We can also write middlewares with WSGI. Middlewares are useful for session handling, authentication and many more. You can read about how to write your WSGI implementation on Armin's blog. A comparison between different WSGI implementations is given at this link.

####Gunicorn and uWSGI Gunicorn and uWSGI are two different application servers.
Gunicorn 'Green Unicorn' is a Python WSGI HTTP Server for UNIX. It is very simple to configure, compatible with many web frameworks and its fairly speedy. This article by digitalocean shows how to configure gunicorn with nginx.

uWSGI is another option for an application server. uWSGI is a high performance and a powerful WSGI server. There are many configuration options available with uWSGI. This article by digitalocean shows how to configure uWSGI with nginx.

##Apache vs Nginx Anturis has explained quite lucidly the differences between the two on their blog. This post explains how apache and nginx work.

To summarize:

Apache creates processes and threads to handle additional connections. While Nginx is said to be event-driven, asynchronous, and non-blocking.
Apache is powerful but Nginx is fast. Nginx serves up static content quicker.
Nginx includes advanced load balancing and caching abilities.
Nginx is a lot lighter than Apache
The organicagency benchmarked the performances of Apache and nginx. The results are available here

##What I use I use Nginx because it is fast , light and I find the configuration to be much easy. Gunicorn is very simple to configure. So I use gunicorn. uWsgi is also used a lot instead of gunicorn."
python  webapp  article 
16 days ago
Some Thoughts on Education and Political Priorities | Politics | theguardian.com
From the first page of some 200+:

"The education of the majority even in rich countries is between awful and mediocre. In England, few are well-trained in the basics of extended writing or mathematical and scientific modelling and problem-solving."

Alas. If only someone would/could (should?) have the bravery to write an extended rambling coherentless screed on the topic of bad writing and poor education.

I'll give Cummings this: he's had a lot of free time to read, make notes on, and be impressed by the first paragraphs of the Wikipedia entries about other peoples' ideas.

Unfortunately he lacks the ability to make any sense or draw any conclusions or have any of his own. The appendices include a list of pictures he found impressive.

Cummings is a living representation of the Dunning–Kruger effect and I move to rename it after him.
essay  pdf  politics  UK 
17 days ago
HOME - Giovanni's
IMO one of the best Italians in London. Nice and simple.
london  italy  restaurant 
19 days ago
Episode 22: A Better Way to Say Sorry
"We found that there are really six components to an effective apology. First, an expression of regret. The second is an explanation—just a statement for which the reasons for the offenses are described to the victim. The third is an acknowledgement of responsibility. The fourth is a statement in which the violator expresses their promise not to repeat the offense. Fifth is an offer of repair. And the sixth is a request for forgiveness"
conversation  transcript  podcast  people 
22 days ago
自主制作アニメーション『the TV show』 - YouTube
I still think this is one of the greatest animation/music combinations ever. Previously linked.
animation  music  video 
26 days ago
When someone steals your ideas - Azzarello Group
“Thank you for bringing that up again… as I was saying when I stated that 10 minutes ago…”
post  management 
4 weeks ago
Masterpiece - The Art of Conversation - BBC Sounds
The Oxford Muse / Conversation Dinners / Theodore Zeldin
uk  society  oxford  conversation  radio  philosophy 
5 weeks ago
Why Chinese Is So Damn Hard
Discussed here: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=18670031

"The problem of reading is often a touchy one for those in the China field. How many of us would dare stand up in front of a group of colleagues and read a randomly-selected passage out loud? Yet inferiority complexes or fear of losing face causes many teachers and students to become unwitting cooperators in a kind of conspiracy of silence wherein everyone pretends that after four years of Chinese the diligent student should be whizzing through anything from Confucius to Lu Xun, pausing only occasionally to look up some pesky low-frequency character (in their Chinese-Chinese dictionary, of course). Others, of course, are more honest about the difficulties. The other day one of my fellow graduate students, someone who has been studying Chinese for ten years or more, said to me "My research is really hampered by the fact that I still just can't read Chinese. It takes me hours to get through two or three pages, and I can't skim to save my life." This would be an astonishing admission for a tenth-year student of, say, French literature, yet it is a comment I hear all the time among my peers (at least in those unguarded moments when one has had a few too many Tsingtao beers and has begun to lament how slowly work on the thesis is coming)."
language  culture  learning  opinion  essay  China 
5 weeks ago
For all the noise, the Brexiteers’ mane man could only growl | News | The Times
"If the moggie was chipper, the lion was sulking. Boris Johnson, whose supporters have been likening him to Aslan in the Narnia novels, apparently on the grounds that a recent haircut has unleashed some of that old magic, was said to have been chuntering throughout May’s address. His reaction on leaving the room was a throaty growl.

He had been similarly disengaged during prime minister’s questions. “They say Aslan is on the move,” the eager beavers on the Eurosceptic wing had been whispering but here Aslan was more on the slouch. He sat on the fringe, his arms folded huffily across his chest before finally plonking his head in his paws.

His fellow Brexiteers had similarly glum expressions — Iain Duncan Smith looked as if he was chewing a wasp — as Mrs May grappled with Jeremy Corbyn’s exceedingly angry Mr Tumnus. They appeared to be pessimistic about toppling the White Queen, fearing that it will be always winter and never Brexmas.

Mrs May, who took six attempts to get out of her car in Berlin the day before, needed two goes to drive into parliament. Just after 11am a convoy of cars and police motorbikes came down Whitehall and attempted to turn into New Palace Yard. Alas, no one had warned the guards and while they fumbled with the gate, Mrs May’s security detail decided not to linger and went for another lap of Parliament Square."
uk  politics  humour 
5 weeks ago
Are Pop Lyrics Getting More Repetitive?
Using the lyrics and their zip compressibility, by decade and artist.
analysis  music  data  visualisation 
5 weeks ago
Human Terrain
Based upon the Global Human Settlement Layer (2016).

See:
- http://www.statsmapsnpix.com/2016/10/the-global-human-settlement-layer.html
- https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Us_1QBHShdMe8-laKhGh_mjkXxOw-74-9mxJAx_DvKE/edit
- Duncan Smith's paper, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17445647.2017.1400476 "Visualising world population density as an interactive multi-scale map using the global human settlement population layer"
data  graphics  maps  visualisation  world  geography  humans 
5 weeks ago
AHUGH - Emperor's New Groove - YouTube
This comes to mind so frequently so I'm bookmarking it for quick reference.
video  humour  film  disney 
6 weeks ago
Daniel Hannan: We still have time to switch course from disaster. Just. It’s up to Conservative MPs to act now. | Conservative Home
In which Daniel Hannan forgets who is actually in government, and who isn't.

"The best way to stop Brexit, they reasoned, was to ensure that the terms on which it was offered were so dreadful that even Leavers would see them as a deterioration of our current position. They encouraged Brussels to take the hardest possible line. “You don’t need to worry that Britain might walk away”, they whispered to Eurocrats. “We’ll make sure that Parliament won’t allow a no-deal Brexit”.

Does that sound like a conspiracy theory? Am I alleging that British politicians would side with EU negotiators against their own country? That they would actively work against a mutually advantageous deal? Yes, that’s precisely what I’m alleging, but it’s not a conspiracy – except possibly in the sense of what H.G. Wells once called “an open conspiracy”. On the contrary, it has been brazen. Two months ago, for example, John Major, Nick Clegg and Michael Heseltine – a former Prime Minister and two former Deputy Prime Ministers – co-authored an article in a German newspaper urging the EU to hang tough."

Yeah Dan. It sounds like a conspiracy theory.

"If there is a second referendum, Leavers will surely organise a boycott."

Oh please. Oh please.

"And in the meantime? In the meantime, Britain would have suffered a reputational collapse worse than Suez, having tried and failed to recover its independence. Our democracy would go through its worst trauma since 1832. And – it seems almost a small thing given the scale of the national tragedy, but for what it’s worth – the Conservative Party would be finished."

Guess who helped to organise it all, Dan?
brexit  brexitlies  conservatism  opinion 
6 weeks ago
Public fears about immigration have driven Brexit | Comment | The Times
"Other EU states are champing at the bit to toughen up migration rules. But Britain, with its referendum result, has issued the greatest challenge to Brussels, going where others fear to tread. As well as limiting migrants coming from poor or ungovernable parts of north Africa and the Middle East, we should incentivise them to rebuild their home countries. We took part in military operations that disrupted their way of life and have a moral duty to press the EU to give them more in development funding.

Other nations in Europe are coming round to our way of thinking. They increasingly realise we all need a strategy that puts control of borders above freedom of movement. We have four Brexit options: a government compromise deal; no deal; a referendum on the existing terms; or one on new terms that take account of immigration. If Brussels refuses to accommodate legitimate concerns in renegotiated terms, we should avoid a second referendum that risks another Leave victory. We should go for a compromise deal and then try to persude them from the outside.

If Brussels sees sense even at this late stage, we could turn around public opinion and win a second referendum for Remain. That would be a powerful signal to Britain and to Europe that the people’s voice has been heard. Europe needs our help to defeat the resurgent forces of racism. We ignore them at our peril."
opinion  brexit  immigration  racism  europe 
6 weeks ago
The best way out of the Brexit mess - The case for a second referendum
"Today’s paralysis is the result of Britain’s inability to reconcile its tradition of representative democracy with its more recent experiments in the direct sort."

...

"A second referendum would cause lasting resentment and would fuel populist parties peddling the stab-in-the-back theory. Yet to rule it out on this basis ignores how any softish Brexit deal would also be denounced as a betrayal and a sell-out. Hardline Leavers describe Mrs May’s plan as “vassalage”, a “national humiliation” and a “cheating” of those who voted to leave. Likewise, the belief that approving the deal will get the whole divisive episode over and done with ignores the fact that, after Brexit day, Britain faces perhaps a decade of trade negotiations with the eu, involving more of the painful trade-offs between prosperity and control that the public have grown so sick of. All the while, the country will be falling further behind its potential. It is true that a second referendum would cause lasting anger and undermine faith in politics. But so would pushing through a deal in the name of the people amid evidence that the people were unconvinced.

Brexit is often likened to a divorce. In fact the two years since the referendum have been more like a rocky engagement. Voters were swept off their feet by the promises of the Leave campaign, only to discover that the future relationship was not going to be as they had imagined. Calling it off would be mortifying. Yet seeing it through could be a serious, permanent mistake. If the British are determined to plough on, that is their right. But now that they know what Brexit really means, they deserve the chance to say whether they still want it."
brexit  uk  politics  economist 
6 weeks ago
In this Brexit soap opera, it’s time for Emmerdale-plus-plus | Marina Hyde | Opinion | The Guardian
"Even in the event of remain winning this notional second vote, another story trope feels much more analogous: the scene where someone wakes up and realises it was all a dream. But then they open their hand and find a tiny keepsake from the experience that says, OR WAS IT? That’s going to be us. And we’re going to unfurl our fingers and find a small broken country, as if to say: Hey! That shit was real. Enjoy your cold civil war!"
brexit  humour  opinion  guardian 
6 weeks ago
Brexit: Arron Banks firm has 'no address' - BBC News
It's almost as if Arron Banks, anti-semite and general lowlife, is a criminal!
brexit  brexitlies  uk  bbc  crime 
6 weeks ago
The betrayal of the Brexit bunch | Coffee House
"I have always feared where the right’s rhetoric will take it. Brexit was always going to produce a stab-in-the-back myth because no one could make the impossible possible. The real world was always going to betray the Brexit right, as it had betrayed the communist left. As anyone who knows the histories of Germany and Russia will realise, dishonest politicians never accept the ruin of their fantasies. Anything is better than admitting their errors. They talk instead of the people betrayed and march their followers, and their country, towards a dark future."
brexit  history  uk  politics  antisemitism  fascism  conservative 
7 weeks ago
Theresa May’s fixation on immigration is her fatal flaw | Comment | The Times
"For the Brexiteers there is also a dilemma. They won the 2016 referendum by playing the race card, taking out what Dominic Cummings later referred to as the “baseball bat” of immigration, but they don’t want to admit that to themselves now. “They unleashed an abhorrent rise in hate crime, people felt able to shout ‘get out’,” says one senior Tory. “Now it’s distasteful for them to acknowledge that. In their minds it’s all about sovereignty.”"
brexit  opinion  uk  racism 
7 weeks ago
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