nhaliday + slides   55

Use and Interpretation of LD Score Regression
LD Score regression distinguishes confounding from polygenicity in genome-wide association studies: https://sci-hub.bz/10.1038/ng.3211
- Po-Ru Loh, Nick Patterson, et al.


Both polygenicity (i.e. many small genetic effects) and confounding biases, such as cryptic relatedness and population stratification, can yield inflated distributions of test statistics in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, current methods cannot distinguish between inflation from bias and true signal from polygenicity. We have developed an approach that quantifies the contributions of each by examining the relationship between test statistics and linkage disequilibrium (LD). We term this approach LD Score regression. LD Score regression provides an upper bound on the contribution of confounding bias to the observed inflation in test statistics and can be used to estimate a more powerful correction factor than genomic control. We find strong evidence that polygenicity accounts for the majority of test statistic inflation in many GWAS of large sample size.

Supplementary Note: https://images.nature.com/original/nature-assets/ng/journal/v47/n3/extref/ng.3211-S1.pdf

An atlas of genetic correlations across human diseases
and traits: https://sci-hub.bz/10.1038/ng.3406


Supplementary Note: https://images.nature.com/original/nature-assets/ng/journal/v47/n11/extref/ng.3406-S1.pdf

ldsc is a command line tool for estimating heritability and genetic correlation from GWAS summary statistics. ldsc also computes LD Scores.
nibble  pdf  slides  talks  bio  biodet  genetics  genomics  GWAS  genetic-correlation  correlation  methodology  bioinformatics  concept  levers  🌞  tutorial  explanation  pop-structure  gene-drift  ideas  multi  study  org:nat  article  repo  software  tools  libraries  stats  hypothesis-testing  biases  confounding  gotchas  QTL  simulation  survey  preprint  population-genetics 
november 2017 by nhaliday
Fitting a Structural Equation Model
seems rather unrigorous: nonlinear optimization, possibility of nonconvergence, doesn't even mention local vs. global optimality...
pdf  slides  lectures  acm  stats  hypothesis-testing  graphs  graphical-models  latent-variables  model-class  optimization  nonlinearity  gotchas  nibble  ML-MAP-E  iteration-recursion  convergence 
november 2017 by nhaliday
Accurate Genomic Prediction Of Human Height | bioRxiv
Stephen Hsu's compressed sensing application paper

We construct genomic predictors for heritable and extremely complex human quantitative traits (height, heel bone density, and educational attainment) using modern methods in high dimensional statistics (i.e., machine learning). Replication tests show that these predictors capture, respectively, ~40, 20, and 9 percent of total variance for the three traits. For example, predicted heights correlate ~0.65 with actual height; actual heights of most individuals in validation samples are within a few cm of the prediction.


I'm in Mountain View to give a talk at 23andMe. Their latest funding round was $250M on a (reported) valuation of $1.5B. If I just add up the Crunchbase numbers it looks like almost half a billion invested at this point...

Slides: Genomic Prediction of Complex Traits

Here's how people + robots handle your spit sample to produce a SNP genotype:

study  bio  preprint  GWAS  state-of-art  embodied  genetics  genomics  compressed-sensing  high-dimension  machine-learning  missing-heritability  hsu  scitariat  education  🌞  frontier  britain  regression  data  visualization  correlation  phase-transition  multi  commentary  summary  pdf  slides  brands  skunkworks  hard-tech  presentation  talks  methodology  intricacy  bioinformatics  scaling-up  stat-power  sparsity  norms  nibble  speedometer  stats  linear-models  2017  biodet 
september 2017 by nhaliday
Flows With Friction
To see how the no-slip condition arises, and how the no-slip condition and the fluid viscosity lead to frictional stresses, we can examine the conditions at a solid surface on a molecular scale. When a fluid is stationary, its molecules are in a constant state of motion with a random velocity v. For a gas, v is equal to the speed of sound. When a fluid is in motion, there is superimposed on this random velocity a mean velocity V, sometimes called the bulk velocity, which is the velocity at which fluid from one place to another. At the interface between the fluid and the surface, there exists an attraction between the molecules or atoms that make up the fluid and those that make up the solid. This attractive force is strong enough to reduce the bulk velocity of the fluid to zero. So the bulk velocity of the fluid must change from whatever its value is far away from the wall to a value of zero at the wall (figure 7). This is called the no-slip condition.

The fluid property responsible for the no-slip condition and the development of the boundary layer is viscosity.
org:junk  org:edu  physics  mechanics  h2o  identity  atoms  constraint-satisfaction  volo-avolo  flux-stasis  chemistry  stat-mech  nibble  multi  q-n-a  reddit  social  discussion  dirty-hands  pdf  slides  lectures  qra  fluid  local-global  explanation 
september 2017 by nhaliday
Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle
solar flux, albedo, greenhouse effect, energy balance, vertical distribution of energy, tilt and seasons
pdf  slides  nibble  physics  electromag  space  earth  sky  atmosphere  environment  temperature  stock-flow  data  magnitude  scale  phys-energy  distribution  oscillation  cycles  lectures  geography 
august 2017 by nhaliday
[1705.03394] That is not dead which can eternal lie: the aestivation hypothesis for resolving Fermi's paradox
If a civilization wants to maximize computation it appears rational to aestivate until the far future in order to exploit the low temperature environment: this can produce a 10^30 multiplier of achievable computation. We hence suggest the "aestivation hypothesis": the reason we are not observing manifestations of alien civilizations is that they are currently (mostly) inactive, patiently waiting for future cosmic eras. This paper analyzes the assumptions going into the hypothesis and how physical law and observational evidence constrain the motivations of aliens compatible with the hypothesis.


simpler explanation (just different math for Drake equation):
Dissolving the Fermi Paradox: http://www.jodrellbank.manchester.ac.uk/media/eps/jodrell-bank-centre-for-astrophysics/news-and-events/2017/uksrn-slides/Anders-Sandberg---Dissolving-Fermi-Paradox-UKSRN.pdf
Overall the argument is that point estimates should not be shoved into a Drake equation and then multiplied by each, as that requires excess certainty and masks much of the ambiguity of our knowledge about the distributions. Instead, a Bayesian approach should be used, after which the fate of humanity looks much better. Here is one part of the presentation:

Life Versus Dark Energy: How An Advanced Civilization Could Resist the Accelerating Expansion of the Universe: https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.05203
The presence of dark energy in our universe is causing space to expand at an accelerating rate. As a result, over the next approximately 100 billion years, all stars residing beyond the Local Group will fall beyond the cosmic horizon and become not only unobservable, but entirely inaccessible, thus limiting how much energy could one day be extracted from them. Here, we consider the likely response of a highly advanced civilization to this situation. In particular, we argue that in order to maximize its access to useable energy, a sufficiently advanced civilization would chose to expand rapidly outward, build Dyson Spheres or similar structures around encountered stars, and use the energy that is harnessed to accelerate those stars away from the approaching horizon and toward the center of the civilization. We find that such efforts will be most effective for stars with masses in the range of M∼(0.2−1)M⊙, and could lead to the harvesting of stars within a region extending out to several tens of Mpc in radius, potentially increasing the total amount of energy that is available to a future civilization by a factor of several thousand. We also discuss the observable signatures of a civilization elsewhere in the universe that is currently in this state of stellar harvesting.
preprint  study  essay  article  bostrom  ratty  anthropic  philosophy  space  xenobio  computation  physics  interdisciplinary  ideas  hmm  cocktail  temperature  thermo  information-theory  bits  🔬  threat-modeling  time  scale  insight  multi  commentary  liner-notes  pdf  slides  error  probability  ML-MAP-E  composition-decomposition  econotariat  marginal-rev  fermi  risk  org:mat  questions  paradox  intricacy  multiplicative  calculation  street-fighting  methodology  distribution  expectancy  moments  bayesian  priors-posteriors  nibble  measurement  existence  technology  geoengineering  magnitude  spatial  density  spreading  civilization  energy-resources  phys-energy  measure  direction  speculation  structure 
may 2017 by nhaliday
Quantum Supremacy: Office of Science and Technology Policy QIS Forum, Eisenhower Executive Office Building, White House Complex, Washington DC, October 18, 2016. Another version at UTCS Faculty Lunch, October 26, 2016. Another version at UT Austin Physics Colloquium, Austin, TX, November 9, 2016.

Complexity-Theoretic Foundations of Quantum Supremacy Experiments: Quantum Algorithms Workshop, Aspen Center for Physics, Aspen, CO, March 25, 2016

When Exactly Do Quantum Computers Provide A Speedup?: Yale Quantum Institute Seminar, Yale University, New Haven, CT, October 10, 2014. Another version at UT Austin Physics Colloquium, Austin, TX, November 19, 2014; Applied and Interdisciplinary Mathematics Seminar, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, November 25, 2014; Hebrew University Physics Colloquium, Jerusalem, Israel, January 5, 2015; Computer Science Colloquium, Technion, Haifa, Israel, January 8, 2015; Stanford University Physics Colloquium, January 27, 2015
tcstariat  aaronson  tcs  complexity  quantum  quantum-info  talks  list  slides  accretion  algorithms  applications  physics  nibble  frontier  computation  volo-avolo  speedometer  questions 
may 2017 by nhaliday
Strings, periods, and borders
A border of x is any proper prefix of x that equals a suffix of x.

...overlapping borders of a string imply that the string is periodic...

In the border array ß[1..n] of x, entry ß[i] is the length
of the longest border of x[1..i].
pdf  nibble  slides  lectures  algorithms  strings  exposition  yoga  atoms  levers  tidbits  sequential 
may 2017 by nhaliday
Information Processing: The joy of Turkheimer
In the talk Turkheimer gives the following definition of social science, which emphasizes why it is hard:

Social science is the attempt to explain the causes of complex human behavior when:
- There are a large number of potential causes.
- The potential causes are non-independent.
- Randomized experimentation is not possible.
hsu  scitariat  genetics  genomics  causation  hypothesis-testing  social-science  nonlinearity  iidness  correlation  links  slides  presentation  audio  things  lens  metabuch  thinking  GxE  commentary 
february 2017 by nhaliday
China invents the digital totalitarian state | The Economist
PROGRAMMING CHINA: The Communist Party’s autonomic approach to managing state security: https://www.merics.org/sites/default/files/2017-12/171212_China_Monitor_44_Programming_China_EN__0.pdf
- The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has developed a form of authoritarianism that cannot be measured through traditional political scales like reform versus retrenchment. This version of authoritarianism involves both “hard” and “soft” authoritarian methods that constantly act together.
- To describe the social management process, this paper introduces a new analytical framework called China’s “Autonomic Nervous System” (ANS). This approach explains China’s social management process through a complex systems engineering framework. This framework mirrors the CCP’s Leninist way of thinking.
- The framework describes four key parts of social management, visualized through ANS’s “self-configuring,” “self-healing,” “self-optimizing” and “self-protecting” objectives.

China's Social Credit System: An Evolving Practice of Control: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3175792

The Chinese government is not the only entity that has access to millions of faces + identifying information. So do Google, Facebook, Instagram, and anyone who has scraped information from similar social networks (e.g., US security services, hackers, etc.).

In light of such ML capabilities it seems clear that anti-ship ballistic missiles can easily target a carrier during the final maneuver phase of descent, using optical or infrared sensors (let alone radar).

China goes all-in on technology the US is afraid to do right.
US won't learn its lesson in time for CRISPR or AI.

Artificial intelligence is developing fast in China. But is it likely to enable the suppression of freedoms? One of China's most successful investors, Neil Shen, has a short answer to that question. Also, Chinese AI companies now have the potential to overtake their Western rivals -- we explain why. Anne McElvoy hosts with The Economist's AI expert, Tom Standage

the dude just stonewalls when asked at 7:50, completely zipped lips

What you’re looking at above is the work of SenseTime, a Chinese computer vision startup. The software in question, called SenseVideo, is a visual scenario analytics system. Basically, it can analyse video footage to pinpoint whether moving objects are humans, cars, or other entities. It’s even sophisticated enough to detect gender, clothing, and the type of vehicle it’s looking at, all in real time.


Even China’s Backwater Cities Are Going Smart: http://www.sixthtone.com/news/1001452/even-chinas-backwater-cities-are-going-smart

remember that tweet with the ML readout of Chinese surveilance cameras? Get ready for the future (via @triviumchina)

XI praised the organization and promised to help it beef up its operations (China
- "China will 'help ... 100 developing countries build or upgrade communication systems and crime labs in the next five years'"
- "The Chinese government will establish an international law enforcement institute under the Ministry of Public Security which will train 20,000 police for developing nations in the coming five years"

The Chinese connection to the Zimbabwe 'coup': http://www.cnn.com/2017/11/17/africa/china-zimbabwe-mugabe-diplomacy/index.html

China to create national name-and-shame system for ‘deadbeat borrowers’: http://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2114768/china-create-national-name-and-shame-system-deadbeat-borrowers
Anyone who fails to repay a bank loan will be blacklisted and have their personal details made public

China Snares Innocent and Guilty Alike to Build World’s Biggest DNA Database: https://www.wsj.com/articles/china-snares-innocent-and-guilty-alike-to-build-worlds-biggest-dna-database-1514310353
Police gather blood and saliva samples from many who aren’t criminals, including those who forget ID cards, write critically of the state or are just in the wrong place

Many of the ways Chinese police are collecting samples are impermissible in the U.S. In China, DNA saliva swabs or blood samples are routinely gathered from people detained for violations such as forgetting to carry identity cards or writing blogs critical of the state, according to documents from a national police DNA conference in September and official forensic journals.

Others aren’t suspected of any crime. Police target certain groups considered a higher risk to social stability. These include migrant workers and, in one city, coal miners and home renters, the documents show.


In parts of the country, law enforcement has stored DNA profiles with a subject’s other biometric information, including fingerprints, portraits and voice prints, the heads of the DNA program wrote in the Chinese journal Forensic Science and Technology last year. One provincial police force has floated plans to link the data to a person’s information such as online shopping records and entertainment habits, according to a paper presented at the national police DNA conference. Such high-tech files would create more sophisticated versions of paper dossiers that police have long relied on to keep tabs on citizens.

Marrying DNA profiles with real-time surveillance tools, such as monitoring online activity and cameras hooked to facial-recognition software, would help China’s ruling Communist Party develop an all-encompassing “digital totalitarian state,” says Xiao Qiang, adjunct professor at the University of California at Berkeley’s School of Information.


A teenage boy studying in one of the county’s high schools recalled that a policeman came into his class after lunch one day this spring and passed out the collection boxes. Male students were told to clean their mouths, spit into the boxes and place them into envelopes on which they had written their names.


Chinese police sometimes try to draw connections between ethnic background or place of origin and propensity for crime. Police officers in northwestern China’s Ningxia region studied data on local prisoners and noticed that a large number came from three towns. They decided to collect genetic material from boys and men from every clan to bolster the local DNA database, police said at the law-enforcement DNA conference in September.

China is certainly in the lead in the arena of digital-biometric monitoring. Particularly “interesting” is the proposal to merge DNA info with online behavioral profiling.



This is the thing I find the most disenchanting about the current political spectrum. It's all reheated ideas that are a century old, at least. Everyone wants to run our iPhone society with power structures dating to the abacus.
Thank God for the forward-thinking Chinese Communist Party and its high-tech social credit system!


INSIDE CHINA'S VAST NEW EXPERIMENT IN SOCIAL RANKING: https://www.wired.com/story/age-of-social-credit/

The government thinks "social credit" will fix the country's lack of trust — and the public agrees.

To be Chinese today is to live in a society of distrust, where every opportunity is a potential con and every act of generosity a risk of exploitation. When old people fall on the street, it’s common that no one offers to help them up, afraid that they might be accused of pushing them in the first place and sued. The problem has grown steadily since the start of the country’s economic boom in the 1980s. But only recently has the deficit of social trust started to threaten not just individual lives, but the country’s economy and system of politics as a whole. The less people trust each other, the more the social pact that the government has with its citizens — of social stability and harmony in exchange for a lack of political rights — disintegrates.

All of which explains why Chinese state media has recently started to acknowledge the phenomenon — and why the government has started searching for solutions. But rather than promoting the organic return of traditional morality to reduce the gulf of distrust, the Chinese government has preferred to invest its energy in technological fixes. It’s now rolling out systems of data-driven “social credit” that will purportedly address the problem by tracking “good” and “bad” behavior, with rewards and punishments meted out accordingly. In the West, plans of this sort have tended to spark fears about the reach of the surveillance state. Yet in China, it’s being welcomed by a public fed up of not knowing who to trust.

It’s unsurprising that a system that promises to place a check on unfiltered power has proven popular — although it’s… [more]
news  org:rec  org:biz  china  asia  institutions  government  anglosphere  privacy  civil-liberty  individualism-collectivism  org:anglo  technocracy  authoritarianism  managerial-state  intel  sinosphere  order-disorder  madisonian  orient  protocol  n-factor  internet  domestication  multi  commentary  hn  society  huge-data-the-biggest  unaffiliated  twitter  social  trust  hsu  scitariat  anonymity  computer-vision  gnon  🐸  leviathan  arms  oceans  sky  open-closed  alien-character  dirty-hands  backup  podcast  audio  interview  ai  antidemos  video  org:foreign  ratty  postrat  expansionism  developing-world  debt  corruption  anomie  organizing  dark-arts  alt-inst  org:lite  africa  orwellian  innovation  biotech  enhancement  GWAS  genetics  genomics  trends  education  crime  criminal-justice  criminology  journos-pundits  chart  consumerism  entertainment  within-group  urban-rural  geography  org:mag  modernity  flux-stasis  hmm  comparison  speedometer  reddit  discussion  ssc  mobile  futurism  absolute-relative  apple  scale  cohesion  cooperate-defect  coordinati 
january 2017 by nhaliday
Convex Optimization Applications
there was a problem in ACM113 related to this (the portfolio optimization SDP stuff)
pdf  slides  exposition  finance  investing  optimization  methodology  examples  IEEE  acm  ORFE  nibble  curvature  talks  convexity-curvature 
december 2016 by nhaliday
"Design Patterns" Aren't
The "design patterns" movement in software claims to have been inspired by the works of architect Christopher Alexander. But an examination of Alexander's books reveals that he was actually talking about something much more interesting.

patterns in Alexander sense = vocabulary not dogma
thinking  architecture  design  programming  engineering  carcinisation  models  slides  presentation  techtariat  structure  conceptual-vocab  systematic-ad-hoc 
november 2016 by nhaliday
Crypt on Twitter: ">the murder rate is down >yes but violent assault is up, medical advancements keep more people alive post-violence https://t.co/nJwgKOPxpw https://t.co/yfy1LB7diW"
Medical advances mask epidemic of violence by cutting murder rate: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1124155/
The far east finds the western tolerance of crime and public disorder bewildering.
Firearms and the Decline of Violence in Europe: 1200-2010: http://economics.wm.edu/wp/cwm_wp158.pdf
MAKE BRITAIN SAFER: BRING BACK PISTOLS: https://www.adamsmith.org/blog/liberty-justice/make-britain-safer-bring-back-handguns
Look at these breakpoints in violence trend when innovations made guns much cheaper
^ Sarah Perry: as crime increases it gets more male

The History of Homicide in the U.S.: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/cs/groups/dbassesite/documents/webpage/dbasse_083892.pdf

Pinker: https://quod.lib.umich.edu/h/humfig/11217607.0002.206/--decivilization-in-the-1960s?rgn=main;view=fulltext

From Swords to Words: Does Macro-Level Change in Self-Control Predict Long-Term Variation in Levels of Homicide?: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264402032_From_Swords_to_Words_Does_Macro-Level_Change_in_Self-Control_Predict_Long-Term_Variation_in_Levels_of_Homicide
Over the past decade the idea that Europe experienced a centuries-long decline in homicide, interrupted by recurrent surges and at different speeds in different parts of the continent, became widely acknowledged. So far explanations have relied mostly on anecdotal evidence, usually broadly relying on Norbert Elias's theory of the "civilizing process." One major general theory of large-scale fluctuations in homicide rates, self-control theory, offers a wide range of hypotheses that can be tested with rigorous quantitative analyses. A number of macro-level indicators for so-cietal efforts to promote civility, self-discipline, and long-sightedness have been examined and appear to be strongly associated with fluctuations in homicide rates over the past six centuries.

By the way, for those of you who haven't seen the statistics first hand:
(Warning, spreadsheet)
Population has doubled.
"more serious wounding" has gone up 60 times. (So, 30 times per cap.)
Murder has only doubled. 300ish to 700ish. So, roughly in line with population. However, WWI and WWII dramatically improved trauma medicine. That's why 'wounding' can go up 30 times and murder stays constant.
twitter  discussion  social  trends  contrarianism  anomie  gnon  insight  🐸  hmm  crime  multi  links  albion  anglo  usa  britain  wonkish  carcinisation  gender  stylized-facts  mostly-modern  history  sociology  douthatish  order-disorder  clown-world  unaffiliated  criminology  right-wing  nihil  peace-violence  anarcho-tyranny  rot  zeitgeist  cold-war  pinker  data  analysis  attaq  demographics  age-generation  roots  chart  org:edu  essay  org:ngo  org:mag  early-modern  gender-diff  org:anglo  org:gov  death  medicine  time-series  social-norms  pdf  slides  big-picture  econotariat  article  arms  law  regulation  incentives  technology  supply-demand  innovation  discovery  equilibrium  shift  civil-liberty  regression  correlation  pro-rata  confounding  intricacy  flux-stasis  europe  EU  self-control  discipline  gallic  mediterranean  nordic  urban-rural  domestication  medieval  the-bones 
october 2016 by nhaliday

bundles : meta

related tags

aaronson  absolute-relative  academia  accretion  acm  acmtariat  adversarial  advertising  advice  africa  age-generation  ai  ai-control  albion  alesina  algorithms  alien-character  alignment  alt-inst  altruism  analysis  analytical-holistic  anarcho-tyranny  anglo  anglosphere  anomie  anonymity  anthropic  antidemos  aphorism  apple  applications  approximation  architecture  arms  article  asia  atmosphere  atoms  attaq  attention  audio  authoritarianism  automation  average-case  axelrod  backup  bayesian  behavioral-gen  berkeley  best-practices  biases  big-picture  big-surf  bio  biodet  bioinformatics  biophysical-econ  biotech  bits  blowhards  boolean-analysis  bostrom  bounded-cognition  brands  britain  broad-econ  business  c(pp)  caching  calculation  carcinisation  causation  characterization  chart  checking  chemistry  china  civic  civil-liberty  civilization  clown-world  cocktail  code-dive  coding-theory  cog-psych  cohesion  cold-war  commentary  community  comparison  competition  complement-substitute  complex-systems  complexity  composition-decomposition  compressed-sensing  computation  computer-vision  concentration-of-measure  concept  conceptual-vocab  concurrency  conference  confounding  conquest-empire  constraint-satisfaction  consumerism  context  contrarianism  control  convergence  convexity-curvature  cool  cooperate-defect  coordination  corporation  correlation  corruption  cost-benefit  course  cracker-econ  crime  criminal-justice  criminology  critique  crooked  crypto  cs  curiosity  curvature  cybernetics  cycles  dark-arts  data  data-science  data-structures  death  debate  debt  debugging  decentralized  decision-making  decision-theory  deep-learning  deep-materialism  deepgoog  defense  democracy  demographics  density  design  detail-architecture  developing-world  devtools  dimensionality  diogenes  direct-indirect  direction  dirty-hands  discipline  discovery  discussion  disease  distributed  distribution  domestication  douthatish  DP  dropbox  duality  dynamic  early-modern  earth  econ-metrics  econ-productivity  econometrics  economics  econotariat  eden-heaven  education  efficiency  egalitarianism-hierarchy  electromag  elegance  elite  embeddings  embodied  embodied-pack  empirical  endo-exo  endogenous-exogenous  energy-resources  engineering  enhancement  entertainment  entrepreneurialism  environment  environmental-effects  epidemiology  epistemic  equilibrium  ergodic  error  essay  estimate  ethical-algorithms  ethics  EU  europe  events  examples  existence  exocortex  expansionism  expectancy  experiment  expert  expert-experience  explanation  exploratory  explore-exploit  exposition  facebook  features  fermi  feynman  finance  fluid  flux-stasis  flynn  foreign-lang  formal-methods  fourier  frontier  futurism  gallic  game-theory  games  garett-jones  gender  gender-diff  gene-drift  generalization  generative  genetic-correlation  genetics  genomics  geoengineering  geography  geometry  georgia  giants  gnon  golang  google  gotchas  government  grad-school  gradient-descent  graph-theory  graphical-models  graphs  ground-up  growth-econ  guilt-shame  GWAS  gwern  GxE  h2o  hard-tech  hardness  hari-seldon  hashing  heterodox  heuristic  high-dimension  high-variance  history  hive-mind  hmm  hn  homo-hetero  housing  hsu  huge-data-the-biggest  human-bean  human-capital  human-ml  hypothesis-testing  icml  ideas  identity  identity-politics  ideology  idk  IEEE  iidness  incentives  individualism-collectivism  inequality  info-dynamics  information-theory  init  innovation  insight  instinct  institutions  intel  intelligence  interdisciplinary  internet  interpretability  intervention  interview  intricacy  intuition  investing  iq  iron-age  iteration-recursion  japan  jargon  journos-pundits  jvm  korea  labor  latent-variables  law  learning  learning-theory  lecture-notes  lectures  lens  let-me-see  levers  leviathan  libraries  linear-algebra  linear-models  liner-notes  links  list  local-global  long-short-run  longitudinal  lower-bounds  machine-learning  macro  madisonian  magnitude  managerial-state  map-territory  marginal-rev  market-failure  markets  martingale  matching  math  math.CA  math.DS  math.GR  matrix-factorization  meaningness  measure  measurement  mechanics  medicine  medieval  mediterranean  metabuch  methodology  metric-space  micro  midwest  migration  mihai  military  missing-heritability  mit  ML-MAP-E  mobile  model-class  models  modernity  moloch  moments  monte-carlo  mostly-modern  motivation  multi  multiplicative  mutation  n-factor  nationalism-globalism  nature  network-structure  neuro  neurons  new-religion  news  nibble  nihil  nitty-gritty  noahpinion  noble-lie  noblesse-oblige  nonlinearity  nordic  norms  objektbuch  oceans  ocw  off-convex  online-learning  open-closed  open-problems  openai  optimization  order-disorder  orders  ORFE  org:anglo  org:biz  org:bleg  org:bv  org:edu  org:foreign  org:gov  org:health  org:junk  org:lite  org:mag  org:mat  org:nat  org:ngo  org:rec  organizing  orient  orwellian  oscillation  oss  outcome-risk  outdoors  overflow  oxbridge  p:*  p:whenever  papers  paradox  parametric  parasites-microbiome  parsimony  path-dependence  paul-romer  pdf  peace-violence  performance  pessimism  phase-transition  phd  philosophy  phys-energy  physics  pic  pinboard  pinker  plots  podcast  polanyi-marx  policy  polis  polisci  political-econ  politics  pop-structure  population-genetics  positivity  postmortem  postrat  prediction  preprint  presentation  priors-posteriors  privacy  pro-rata  probability  programming  project  proofs  propaganda  proposal  protocol  prudence  psychology  public-goodish  public-health  python  q-n-a  qra  QTL  quantum  quantum-info  questions  rand-approx  random  ranking  rationality  ratty  reading  realness  reddit  reduction  reflection  regression  regularizer  regulation  reinforcement  repo  reputation  research  retention  rhetoric  rhythm  right-wing  risk  roots  rot  rounding  rsc  s-factor  s:*  saas  sampling  scale  scaling-up  scholar  sci-comp  science  scitariat  SDP  security  self-control  sequential  shift  signum  simulation  sinosphere  skunkworks  sky  slides  social  social-choice  social-norms  social-science  society  sociology  software  space  sparsity  spatial  spearhead  speculation  speedometer  spreading  ssc  stackex  stagnation  stanford  startups  stat-mech  stat-power  state-of-art  stats  status  stochastic-processes  stock-flow  straussian  stream  street-fighting  strings  structure  study  stylized-facts  success  sulla  summary  supply-demand  survey  systematic-ad-hoc  systems  tails  talks  tcs  tcstariat  teaching  technocracy  technology  techtariat  telos-atelos  temperature  the-bones  the-classics  the-great-west-whale  the-self  the-south  the-trenches  the-watchers  the-west  the-world-is-just-atoms  thermo  thesis  things  thinking  threat-modeling  thurston  tidbits  time  time-complexity  time-series  todo  tools  topics  tradeoffs  trees  trends  tribalism  tricks  trivia  trust  turing  tutorial  tutoring  twitter  UGC  unaffiliated  unintended-consequences  unit  unsupervised  urban-rural  usa  utopia-dystopia  video  visual-understanding  visualization  volo-avolo  washington  wealth  wealth-of-nations  web  west-hunter  westminster  wiki  within-group  wonkish  world  wormholes  worrydream  xenobio  yoga  zeitgeist  zero-positive-sum  🌞  🎓  🎩  🐸  🔬  🖥 

Copy this bookmark: