nhaliday + project   93

Dimensions - Geert Hofstede



Individualism and Collectivism in Israeli Society: Comparing Religious and Secular High-School Students: https://sci-hub.tw/https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1016945121604
A common collective basis of mutual value consensus was found in the two groups; however, as predicted, there were differences between secular and religious students on the three kinds of items, since the religious scored higher than the secular students on items emphasizing collectivist orientation. The differences, however, do not fit the common theoretical framework of collectivism-individualism, but rather tend to reflect the distinction between in-group and universal collectivism.

Individualism and Collectivism in Two Conflicted Societies: Comparing Israeli-Jewish and Palestinian-Arab High School Students: https://sci-hub.tw/http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0044118X01033001001
Both groups were found to be more collectivistic than individualistic oriented. However, as predicted, the Palestinians scored higher than the Israeli students on items emphasizing in-group collectivist orientation (my nationality, my country, etc.). The differences between the two groups tended to reflect some subdistinctions such as different elements of individualism and collectivism. Moreover, they reflected the historical context and contemporary influences, such as the stage where each society is at in the nation-making process.

Religion as culture: religious individualism and collectivism among american catholics, jews, and protestants.: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17576356
We propose the theory that religious cultures vary in individualistic and collectivistic aspects of religiousness and spirituality. Study 1 showed that religion for Jews is about community and biological descent but about personal beliefs for Protestants. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity were intercorrelated and endorsed differently by Jews, Catholics, and Protestants in a pattern that supports the theory that intrinsic religiosity relates to personal religion, whereas extrinsic religiosity stresses community and ritual (Studies 2 and 3). Important life experiences were likely to be social for Jews but focused on God for Protestants, with Catholics in between (Study 4). We conclude with three perspectives in understanding the complex relationships between religion and culture.

Inglehart–Welzel cultural map of the world: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inglehart%E2%80%93Welzel_cultural_map_of_the_world
Live cultural map over time 1981 to 2015: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ABWYOcru7js

prof  psychology  social-psych  values  culture  cultural-dynamics  anthropology  individualism-collectivism  expression-survival  long-short-run  time-preference  uncertainty  outcome-risk  gender  egalitarianism-hierarchy  things  phalanges  group-level  world  tools  comparison  data  database  n-factor  occident  social-norms  project  microfoundations  multi  maps  visualization  org:junk  psych-architecture  personality  hari-seldon  discipline  self-control  geography  shift  developing-world  europe  the-great-west-whale  anglosphere  optimate  china  asia  japan  sinosphere  orient  MENA  reddit  social  discussion  backup  EU  inequality  envy  britain  anglo  nordic  ranking  top-n  list  eastern-europe  germanic  gallic  mediterranean  cog-psych  sociology  guilt-shame  duty  tribalism  us-them  cooperate-defect  competition  gender-diff  metrics  politics  wiki  concept  society  civilization  infographic  ideology  systematic-ad-hoc  let-me-see  general-survey  chart  video  history  metabuch  dynamic  trends  plots  time-series  reference  water  mea 
june 2017 by nhaliday
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017
Section 3.2, p. 39 has polarization data
A new way to chart ideological leanings in news media: https://www.axios.com/a-new-way-to-chart-ideological-leanings-in-news-media-2475716743.html
(using Twitter follows)
Exploring the Ideological Nature of Journalists’ Social Networks on Twitter and Associations with News Story Content: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B8CcT_0LwJ8QVnJMR1QzcGNuTkk/view
Visualizing Political Polarization on Twitter: http://www.theoutgroup.org/
Dear Mainstream Media: Why so liberal?: https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2017/01/27/dear-mainstream-media-why-so-liberal/
Political Leanings of US Journalists vs. the Public in 2002

Topline Results: 2017 Texas Media & Society Survey: https://moody.utexas.edu/sites/default/files/TMASS_2017Topline_final.pdf
Some interesting results from a poll about media & polarization that I presented today for @AStraussInst <THREAD>
pdf  news  org:lite  media  database  data  analysis  politics  polarization  poll  values  time-use  world  usa  europe  EU  britain  internet  tv  social  white-paper  org:ngo  org:edu  ideology  multi  visualization  spatial  exploratory  polisci  wonkish  network-structure  twitter  techtariat  ssc  neocons  info-dynamics  project  org:junk  journos-pundits  info-foraging  track-record  objektbuch  chart  commentary  backup  org:rec  distribution  biases  comparison  within-without  input-output  supply-demand 
june 2017 by nhaliday
Distribution of Word Lengths in Various Languages - Ravi Parikh's Website
Note that this visualization isn't normalized based on usage. For example the English word 'the' is used frequently, while the word 'lugubrious' is rarely used; however both words count the same in computing the histogram and average word lengths. A great idea for a follow-up would be to use language corpuses instead of word lists in order to build these histograms.
techtariat  data  visualization  project  anglo  language  foreign-lang  distribution  expectancy  measure  lexical 
june 2017 by nhaliday
Comprehensive Military Power: World’s Top 10 Militaries of 2015 - The Unz Review
gnon  military  defense  scale  top-n  list  ranking  usa  china  asia  analysis  data  sinosphere  critique  russia  capital  magnitude  street-fighting  individualism-collectivism  europe  germanic  world  developing-world  latin-america  MENA  india  war  meta:war  history  mostly-modern  world-war  prediction  trends  realpolitik  strategy  thucydides  great-powers  multi  news  org:mag  org:biz  org:foreign  current-events  the-bones  org:rec  org:data  org:popup  skunkworks  database  dataset  power  energy-resources  heavy-industry  economics  growth-econ  foreign-policy  geopolitics  maps  project  expansionism  the-world-is-just-atoms  civilization  let-me-see  wiki  reference  metrics  urban  population  japan  britain  gallic  allodium  definite-planning  kumbaya-kult  peace-violence  urban-rural  wealth  wealth-of-nations  econ-metrics  dynamic  infographic 
june 2017 by nhaliday
Lost and Found | West Hunter
I get the distinct impression that someone (probably someone other than Varro) came up with an approximation of germ theory 1500 years before Girolamo Fracastoro. But his work was lost.

Everybody knows, or should know, that the vast majority of Classical literature has not been preserved. Those lost works contained facts and ideas that might have value today – certainly there are topics that we understand much better because of insights from Classical literature. For example, Reich and Patterson find that some of the Indian castes have existed for something like three thousand years: this is easier to believe when you consider that Megasthenes wrote about the caste system as early as 300 BC.

We don’t put much effort into recovering lost Classical literature. But there are ways in which we could push harder – by increased funding for work on the Herculaneum scrolls, or the Oxyrhynchus papyri collection, for example. Some old-fashioned motivated archaeology might get lucky and find another set of Amarna cuneiform letters, or a new Antikythera mechanism.

Here we have yet another case in which a discovery was possible for a long time before it was actually accepted. Aristotle is the villain here: he clearly endorses spontaneous generation of many plants and animals. On the other hand, I don’t remember him saying that people should accept all of his conclusions uncritically and without further experimentation for the next couple of thousand years, which is what happened. So maybe we’re all guilty.


Part of the funny here (not even counting practical experience) is that almost every educated man over these two millennia had read, and indeed studied deeply, a work with a fairly clear statement of the actual fly->egg->maggot->fly process. As I as I can tell, only one person (Redi) seems to have picked up on this.

“But the more Achilles gazed, the greater rose his desire for vengeance, and his eyes flashed terribly, like coals beneath his lids, as he lifted the god’s marvellous gifts and exulted. When he had looked his fill on their splendour, he spoke to Thetis winged words; ‘Mother, the god grants me a gift fit for the immortals, such as no mortal smith could fashion. Now I shall arm myself for war. Yet I fear lest flies infest the wounds the bronze blades made, and maggots breed in the corpse of brave Patroclus, and now his life is fled, rot the flesh, and disfigure all his body.’ ”

You’d think a blind man would have noticed this.

Anyhow, the lesson is clear. Low hanging fruit can persist for a long time if the conventional wisdom is wrong – and sometimes it is.


Transmission of the Greek Classics: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmission_of_the_Greek_Classics

By way of comparison, the complete Loeb Classical Library (which includes all the important classical texts) has 337 volumes for Ancient Greek --- and those aren't 100,000 word-long door-stoppers.
$65/year for individuals (I wonder if public libraries have subscriptions?)


1/ Thinking about what Steven Greenblatt described in The Swerve as a mass extinction of ancient books (we have little of what they wrote)
2/ If I could go back in time to, say, 100 AD or 200 AD I would go with simple tech for making books last for a thousand years. Possible?

I’ve put a lot of content out there over the years. Probably on the order of 5 million words across my blogs. Some publications here and there. Lots of tweets. But very little of it will persist into future generations. Digital is evanescent.

But so is paper. I believe that even good hardcover books probably won’t last more than a few hundred years.

Perhaps we should go back to some form of cuneiform? Stone and metal will last thousands of years.

How long does a paperback book last?: https://www.quora.com/How-long-does-a-paperback-book-last

A 500 years vault for books?: https://worldbuilding.stackexchange.com/questions/137583/a-500-years-vault-for-books
There are about four solutions that have actually worked in history

1. The desert method
2. Give them to an institution which will preserve them
3. The opposite of secrecy: duplicate them extensively

4. Transcribe them to durable materials

It is hard to keep books for a really long time because paper, parchment and papyrus are easily destroyed. However books have been produced on much more durable materials. Nowadays a holographic copy can be laser etched into stainless steel. In Sumer, 5300 years ago they pressed them into clay tablets. If the document was important, they fired the clay; otherwise they just let it dry. The fired versions are close to indestructible.
west-hunter  scitariat  discussion  ideas  speculation  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  innovation  low-hanging  spreading  disease  parasites-microbiome  🔬  archaeology  discovery  epidemiology  canon  multi  literature  fiction  agriculture  india  asia  pop-structure  social-structure  ethnography  the-trenches  nihil  flux-stasis  science  medieval  europe  the-great-west-whale  letters  info-dynamics  being-right  scale  wiki  reference  trivia  cocktail  curiosity  enlightenment-renaissance-restoration-reformation  article  q-n-a  qra  data  database  project  toys  religion  christianity  civilization  twitter  social  gedanken  gnon  backup  time  volo-avolo  brands  money  gnxp  store  stackex  traces 
may 2017 by nhaliday
:feed v1 - /fora/posts/~2017.4.12..21.14.00..fe17~
The goal of this demo was to show that building a Twitter replacement actually isn't that hard at all; and it can be done almost entirely on the frontend. As shown, you don't even have to use React/Redux. But that's probably the way to go if you want to build the real thing.
techtariat  urbit  software  decentralized  twitter  social  internet  web  programming  tutorial  project  gnon 
april 2017 by nhaliday
Cryptpad: Zero Knowledge, Collaborative Real Time Editing | Hacker News
comments have interesting discussion of use of "zero-knowledge" in practice
commentary  hn  project  software  tools  crypto  privacy  hmm  engineering 
september 2016 by nhaliday
Spaceship Generator | Hacker News
some interesting discussion of the value of procedural generation in the comments
commentary  hn  graphics  games  programming  libraries  repo  oss  project  SIGGRAPH 
june 2016 by nhaliday
« earlier      
per page:    204080120160

bundles : engmeta

related tags

:/  accretion  accuracy  acm  acmtariat  adversarial  agriculture  ai  ai-control  alien-character  allodium  analogy  analysis  anglo  anglosphere  announcement  anonymity  anthropology  antiquity  app  archaeology  art  article  asia  atoms  audio  auto-learning  automata  backup  barons  bayesian  being-right  benchmarks  best-practices  biases  big-picture  bitcoin  blockchain  blog  books  bots  brands  britain  broad-econ  browser  c(pp)  canon  capital  chan  charity  chart  chemistry  china  christianity  civic  civilization  classic  classification  clever-rats  cliometrics  clojure  cocktail  code-dive  cog-psych  collaboration  comics  commentary  community  comparison  competition  compilers  compression  computer-vision  concentration-of-measure  concept  concurrency  contracts  cool  cooperate-defect  coordination  cost-benefit  critique  crypto  crypto-anarchy  cryptocurrency  cultural-dynamics  culture  curiosity  current-events  cycles  data  data-science  database  dataset  dbs  debugging  decentralized  deep-learning  deep-materialism  deepgoog  defense  definite-planning  developing-world  devtools  dimensionality  dirty-hands  discipline  discovery  discussion  disease  distributed  distribution  diy  draft  dropbox  drugs  dumb-ML  duplication  duty  dynamic  dynamical  early-modern  eastern-europe  econ-metrics  economics  econotariat  effective-altruism  egalitarianism-hierarchy  EGT  emacs  embeddings  emotion  energy-resources  engineering  enlightenment-renaissance-restoration-reformation  ensembles  envy  epidemiology  essay  ethnography  EU  europe  exegesis-hermeneutics  exocortex  expansionism  expectancy  experiment  explanation  exploratory  exposition  expression-survival  facebook  features  fiction  film  flexibility  flux-stasis  foreign-lang  foreign-policy  formal-methods  forum  french  frontend  gallic  games  gbooks  gedanken  gender  gender-diff  general-survey  generative  genetics  geography  geopolitics  germanic  git  github  glitch  gnon  gnxp  golang  google  gradient-descent  graphics  great-powers  group-level  growth-econ  guide  guilt-shame  gwern  hacker  haidt  hardware  hari-seldon  hci  heavy-industry  history  hmm  hn  homepage  homo-hetero  howto  human-ml  hypothesis-testing  ideas  identity-politics  ideology  india  individualism-collectivism  inequality  info-dynamics  info-foraging  infographic  init  innovation  input-output  integration-extension  internet  intricacy  iron-age  israel  japan  javascript  journos-pundits  judaism  kumbaya-kult  language  latent-variables  latin-america  len:long  let-me-see  letters  lexical  libraries  limits  linearity  liner-notes  links  list  literature  lived-experience  long-short-run  low-hanging  machine-learning  magnitude  maker  maps  matching  math.DS  matrix-factorization  meaningness  measure  measurement  media  medieval  mediterranean  memory-management  MENA  meta:science  meta:war  metabuch  metaprogramming  methodology  metrics  michael-nielsen  microbiz  microfoundations  military  minimum-viable  mit  model-class  models  modernity  money  morality  mostly-modern  multi  music  n-factor  neocons  network-structure  networking  neuro  news  nibble  nihil  nlp  noahpinion  nonparametric  nordic  notetaking  numerics  obama  objektbuch  occident  openai  optimate  orders  org:biz  org:bleg  org:data  org:edu  org:foreign  org:junk  org:lite  org:mag  org:med  org:nat  org:ngo  org:popup  org:rec  org:sci  organization  orient  oscillation  oss  outcome-risk  outliers  overflow  papers  parametric  parasites-microbiome  path-dependence  pdf  peace-violence  performance  personality  phalanges  philosophy  photography  physics  pic  pinboard  play  plots  pls  plt  polarization  polis  polisci  politics  poll  pop-structure  population  positivity  postmortem  power  ppl  pragmatic  prediction  prepping  privacy  probability  prof  programming  project  propaganda  property-rights  proposal  protestant-catholic  protocol  psych-architecture  psychedelics  psychology  python  q-n-a  qra  quixotic  quora  race  ranking  ratty  reading  realpolitik  rec-math  recommendations  reddit  reference  reflection  reinforcement  religion  repo  research  rhetoric  right-wing  roots  russia  rust  sampling  scale  scaling-tech  science  scitariat  search  self-control  shift  shipping  SIGGRAPH  signum  similarity  sinosphere  skunkworks  sleuthin  slides  smart-contracts  social  social-norms  social-psych  social-structure  society  sociology  software  spatial  speculation  speed  spreading  ssc  stackex  startups  state-of-art  stats  store  stories  strategy  stream  street-fighting  subculture  summary  supply-demand  sv  system-design  systematic-ad-hoc  systems  szabo  tails  talks  tcstariat  tech  techtariat  terminal  the-bones  the-classics  the-great-west-whale  the-trenches  the-world-is-just-atoms  theos  thesis  things  thucydides  time  time-complexity  time-preference  time-series  time-use  tip-of-tongue  todo  tools  top-n  toxoplasmosis  toys  traces  track-record  trends  tribalism  trivia  trump  turchin  tutorial  tv  twitter  ui  unaffiliated  uncertainty  unit  unix  urban  urban-rural  urbit  us-them  usa  values  vcs  vgr  video  virtualization  visualization  visuo  volo-avolo  war  water  wealth  wealth-of-nations  web  webapp  west-hunter  westminster  white-paper  wiki  wire-guided  within-group  within-without  wkfly  wonkish  workflow  world  world-war  worrydream  writing  yak-shaving  zeitgeist  🎩  🔬  🖥 

Copy this bookmark: