nhaliday + akrasia   72

Relative Effects of Forward and Backward Planning on Goal PursuitPsychological Science - Jooyoung Park, Fang-Chi Lu, William M. Hedgcock, 2017
Compared with forward planning, backward planning not only led to greater motivation, higher goal expectancy, and less time pressure but also resulted in better goal-relevant performance. We further demonstrated that this motivational effect occurred because backward planning allowed people to think of tasks required to reach their goals more clearly, especially when goals were complex to plan. These findings suggest that the way people plan matters just as much as whether or not they plan.
study  psychology  cog-psych  intervention  self-control  discipline  the-monster  gtd  productivity  social-psych  gotchas  decision-making  workflow  bootstraps  akrasia  mindful  prioritizing  procrastination  🦉  environmental-effects 
september 2017 by nhaliday
dk on Twitter: "Fall of paternalistic environment/institutions 4 helping ppl stop procrastinate disproportionately hurt low SES ppl: https://t.co/8EW0R1AkMs https://t.co/9LKnU8kjeb"
twitter  social  commentary  links  gnon  right-wing  society  culture  individualism-collectivism  attention  self-control  akrasia  the-monster  procrastination  decision-making  institutions  time-preference  embedded-cognition  water  unintended-consequences  🎩  wonkish  polisci  political-econ  multi  sociology  civil-liberty  class  race  demographics  authoritarianism  social-structure  order-disorder  malaise  cohesion  temperance  egalitarianism-hierarchy  info-dynamics  social-capital  allodium  social-norms  madisonian  coming-apart  dignity  article  life-history  rot  the-bones  tradition  counter-revolution  modernity  antidemos  polanyi-marx  microfoundations  bootstraps  open-closed  patience  organizing  long-short-run 
march 2017 by nhaliday
Overcoming Bias : On the goodness of Beeminder
There is a lot of leeway in what indicators you measure, and some I tried didn’t help much. The main things I measure lately are:

- number of 20 minute blocks of time spent working. They have to be continuous, though a tiny bit of interruption is allowed if someone else causes it
- time spent exercising weighted by the type of exercise e.g. running = 2x dancing = 2 x walking
- points accrued for doing tasks on my to-do list. When I think of anything I want to do I put it on the list, whether it’s watching a certain movie or figuring out how to make the to do list system better. Some things stay there permanently, e.g. laundry. I assign each task a number of points, which goes up every Sunday if it’s still on the list. I have to get 15 points per day or I lose.
ratty  core-rats  hanson  rationality  money-for-time  akrasia  productivity  workflow  webapp  tools  review  software  exocortex  decision-making  working-stiff  the-monster  🦉  beeminder  skeleton  summary  gtd  time-use  quantified-self  procrastination 
january 2017 by nhaliday
Hyperbolic discounting - Wikipedia
Individuals using hyperbolic discounting reveal a strong tendency to make choices that are inconsistent over time – they make choices today that their future self would prefer not to have made, despite using the same reasoning. This dynamic inconsistency happens because the value of future rewards is much lower under hyperbolic discounting than under exponential discounting.
psychology  cog-psych  behavioral-econ  values  time-preference  wiki  reference  concept  models  distribution  time  uncertainty  decision-theory  decision-making  sequential  stamina  neurons  akrasia  contradiction  self-control  patience  article  formal-values  microfoundations  constraint-satisfaction  additive  long-short-run 
january 2017 by nhaliday
Thought Patterns: Marginal · Alex Guzey
Problem: you have a certain action you want to be doing but when the moment comes you forget about it or the trigger just never fully comes to your attention.

Example: Instead of postponing small tasks (e.g. taking out the trash) I want to do them immediately, but when they actually come, I forget about this intention and continue with whatever I was doing before i.e. telling myself I’ll do them later.

How to solve? Make these if-else action plans to always be somewhere at the back of the mind, preferably not far from the working memory, always on the edge of awareness.

Solution: Anki deck with the maximum card interval of 1 day and long initial learning curve.
ratty  advice  lifehack  rationality  akrasia  hmm  discipline  neurons  habit  workflow  🦉  wire-guided  skeleton  gtd  time-use  s:*  metabuch 
december 2016 by nhaliday
Why Constant Learners All Embrace the 5-Hour Rule – The Mission – Medium
better than the title suggests, eg, Ben Franklins personal routine looks a lot like what I arrived at independently
growth  akrasia  advice  vulgar  habit  org:med  productivity  learning  creative  wire-guided  practice  time-use  studying 
august 2016 by nhaliday
Genetic Relations Among Procrastination, Impulsivity, and Goal-Management Ability: Implications for the Evolutionary Origin of Procrastination : slatestarcodex
First, both procrastination and impulsivity were moderately heritable (46% and 49%, respectively). Second, although the two traits were separable at the phenotypic level (r=.65), they were not separable at the genetic level (rg=1.0). Finally, variation in goal-management ability accounted for much of this shared genetic variation. These results suggest that procrastination and impulsivity are linked primarily through genetic influences on the ability to use their high-priority goals effectively to regulate their action.

An Investigation of Genetic and Environmental Influences Across The Distribution of Self-Control: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316292004_An_Investigation_of_Genetic_and_Environmental_Influences_Across_The_Distribution_of_Self-Control
Subsequent biometric quantile regression models revealed that genetic influences on self-control were maximized in the 50th and 60th percentiles and minimized in the tails of the distribution. Shared environmental influences were nonsignificant at all examined quantiles of self-control with only one exception.

The Heritability of Self-Control: a Meta-Analysis: https://sci-hub.tw/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.02.012
The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to provide a quantitative overview of the heritability of self-control. A systematic search resulted in 31 included studies, 17 reporting on individual samples, based on a sample size of >30,000 twins, published between 1997 and 2018. Our results revealed an overall monozygotic twin correlation of .58, and an overall dizygotic twin correlation of .28, resulting in a heritability estimate of 60%. The heritability of self-control did not vary across gender or age. The heritability did differ across informants, with stronger heritability estimates based on parent report versus self-report or observations.


The MZ correlation was twice as large as the DZ correlation, indicating little to no evidence for shared environmental effects. Rather, these results suggest that environmental effects on self-control, that explain 40% of the variance, are unique to individuals. This is in line with the standardized variance estimates reported by the studies, where76% of the studies reported no or very little influence of the shared environment on the variance in self-control.
reddit  commentary  akrasia  genetics  cog-psych  psychology  gwern  discipline  ssc  ratty  variance-components  twin-study  genetic-correlation  study  correlation  aversion  decision-making  the-monster  biodet  🌞  self-control  focus  inhibition  procrastination  behavioral-gen  multi  environmental-effects  curvature  null-result  convexity-curvature  piracy  pdf  meta-analysis 
august 2016 by nhaliday
The Influence of Glycemic Index on Cognitive Functioning: A Systematic Review of the Evidence
The primary outcome measure was the effect on cognitive function (CF) after the consumption of meals varying in GI. Eleven eligible studies were identified. The age range of the participants varied from 6 to 82 y old. Overall, the findings were inconsistent, with some studies showing benefits toward either the high-GI or the low-GI meal, others not finding any differences between the 2 meals, and other studies showing a positive or negative effect on performance on only some cognitive domain or domains after consumption of 1 of the 2 meals. A number of methodologic and confounding factors were identified that could explain these inconsistencies.
study  meta-analysis  food  health  neuro  intelligence  productivity  akrasia  evidence-based  embodied-cognition  confounding  stamina  neuro-nitgrit  replication  ego-depletion  psychology  cog-psych  discipline  solid-study 
july 2016 by nhaliday
orthonormal comments on Where to Intervene in a Human? - Less Wrong
The highest-level hack I've found useful is to make a habit of noticing and recording the details of any part of my life that gives me trouble. It's amazing how quickly patterns start to jump out when you've assembled actual data about something that's vaguely frustrated you for a while.
lifehack  productivity  workflow  rationality  advice  akrasia  quantified-self  growth  habit  discipline  lesswrong  ratty  rat-pack  biases  decision-making  🦉  wire-guided  time-use  s:null 
july 2016 by nhaliday

bundles : disciplinegrowthsoft

related tags

80000-hours  :/  academia  acm  acmtariat  additive  advice  ai-control  akrasia  allodium  ama  analysis  antidemos  aphorism  app  article  asia  attention  authoritarianism  aversion  bangbang  barons  beeminder  behavioral-econ  behavioral-gen  being-right  best-practices  betting  biases  big-yud  biodet  books  bootstraps  bots  bounded-cognition  brands  browser  business  career  causation  chart  cheatsheet  checklists  civil-liberty  clarity  class  clever-rats  cog-psych  cohesion  collaboration  coming-apart  commentary  community  compensation  concept  confounding  constraint-satisfaction  contradiction  contrarianism  convexity-curvature  core-rats  correlation  counter-revolution  creative  critique  culture  curiosity  curvature  data  database  decision-making  decision-theory  definite-planning  demographics  desktop  developmental  dignity  discipline  discussion  distribution  egalitarianism-hierarchy  ego-depletion  eh  embedded-cognition  embodied-cognition  emotion  empirical  endo-exo  engineering  environmental-effects  epistemic  error  essay  ethical-algorithms  evidence-based  exocortex  experiment  expert  expert-experience  explore-exploit  faq  field-study  flux-stasis  focus  food  formal-values  genetic-correlation  genetics  gnon  gotchas  graphical-models  graphs  growth  gtd  guide  gwern  habit  hanson  happy-sad  health  hi-order-bits  hmm  hn  howto  human-ml  humility  idk  impact  impro  increase-decrease  individualism-collectivism  info-dynamics  info-foraging  inhibition  insight  institutions  integration-extension  intelligence  internet  intervention  intricacy  ios  iteration-recursion  journos-pundits  labor  latent-variables  learning  left-wing  legibility  len:long  len:short  lesswrong  life-history  lifehack  links  list  long-short-run  long-term  longform  low-hanging  machine-learning  madisonian  malaise  math  meaningness  measurement  meta-analysis  metabuch  metameta  microbiz  microfoundations  mindful  minimum-viable  miri-cfar  mit  models  modernity  money-for-time  multi  music  near-far  neuro  neuro-nitgrit  neurons  news  nibble  nitty-gritty  notetaking  null-result  oly  open-closed  optimate  order-disorder  org:bleg  org:health  org:local  org:mag  org:med  org:rec  organization  organizing  osx  p:**  p:***  p:whenever  parenting  paste  patience  paying-rent  pdf  phd  philosophy  piracy  planning  play  polanyi-marx  polisci  political-econ  poll  pop-diff  postrat  practice  pragmatic  pre-2013  prediction  prediction-markets  preprint  presentation  prioritizing  priors-posteriors  problem-solving  procrastination  productivity  programming  psychology  q-n-a  qra  quantified-self  quixotic  race  rat-pack  rationality  ratty  realness  reason  reddit  reference  reflection  regularizer  reinforcement  religion  replication  research  research-program  review  rhetoric  rhythm  right-wing  robust  roots  rot  s:*  s:**  s:***  s:null  sanctity-degradation  scholar  science  self-control  sequential  serene  shipping  signal-noise  sinosphere  skeleton  skunkworks  social  social-capital  social-norms  social-psych  social-structure  society  sociology  software  solid-study  spearhead  spock  ssc  stamina  startups  stats  stoic  stories  strategy  stream  stress  study  studying  subculture  success  summary  tactics  tech  techtariat  temperance  the-bones  the-monster  things  thinking  time  time-preference  time-use  tools  top-n  track-record  tracker  tradeoffs  tradition  trends  tutorial  twin-study  twitter  ui  uncertainty  unintended-consequences  usa  ux  vague  values  variance-components  vgr  video  virtu  visualization  vitality  volo-avolo  vulgar  water  web  webapp  weird-sun  wiki  wire-guided  within-without  wkfly  woah  wonkish  workflow  working-stiff  worrydream  writing  yc  yvain  🌞  🎓  🎩  🖥  🤖  🦉 

Copy this bookmark: