kmt + history   626

Erik Loomis on Twitter: "This Day in Labor History: December 28, 1973. Astronauts at Skylab go on strike in space! Yes, space has a labor history! Let's talk about this unusual strike.…"
Carr and his crew demanded a day off. NASA refused. So Carr simply shut off the radio and the astronauts took the day off they wanted. Effectively, they went on a 1-day strike against their working conditions.

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Erik Loomis

28 Dec 2018
They relaxed, took pictures of the Earth, and just hung out. NASA went ballistic. But there was nothing they could do at the time. After all, the only people who really controlled what happened at Skylab was the astronauts themselves.

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Erik Loomis

28 Dec 2018
After the 1-day strike, NASA came to terms with the astronauts. The next day, December 29, NASA agreed to quit micromanaging the astronauts, allowed them to take their full meal breaks, and just send them a list of tasks for the day and let them figure out how to get it done.

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Erik Loomis

28 Dec 2018
Imaging, treating workers like adults! And it worked. All the projects got done before the mission ended. The last 6 weeks went without a hitch.
labour-movement  history  space  americana 
10 hours ago by kmt
How McDonald's Works | HowStuffWorks
That all changed in 1956 when he hired Sonneborn, who convinced him that the real money was in real estate. Sonneborn's idea was to have the McDonald's company lease a plot of land and the building for each restaurant. The company would then sublease to the franchisee who would run the restaurant. Sonneborn further developed the plan to eventually take out mortgages to own both the building and the land. [source: Love]. Kroc soon established the Franchise Realty Corp. to find willing landowners.
finance  money  strategy  business  history  capitalism 
11 hours ago by kmt
MT 2002/11 2
Mi - valami hatan voltunk - a Hanfordi reaktort terveztük, amit a mi terveink alapján a duPont társaság épített. Így annak a vállalatnak az embereivel - többnyire szintén vegyészmérnökökkel - szoros összeköttetésbe léptünk. Ez számomra különösen érdekes volt, mert így megtudtam, hogy az itteni vegyészmérnökképzés egészen más, mint az Németországban volt, ahol én tanultam. A duPont mérnökök tudták hogy lehet ezt meg azt beszerezni, melyik vállalat gyártja a különböző árukat, de absztrakt kémiát sokkal kevesebbet ismerték mint én. És ez jóvá tette az én kémiai mérnöki tanulásomat - több súlyos hibát követtek volna el, ha én nem óvtam volna őket. Többek között nátrium-bikarbonátot akartak a hűtővízhez adni, hogy ne marja meg az alumíniumcsöveket, amikor a hűtővíz folyik. De a sugárzás által létrehozott hidrogénperoxid redukálná a bikarbonátot és az csapadékot hozna létre, ami az uránoszlopokra rakódna és nagyon csökkentené a meleg folyását belőlük, pedig ez az, ami a víznek a feladata. Így lebeszéltem őket, mert mint vegyészmérnök ezt a bajt előreláthattam, ha beteszik a bikarbonátot és ez jó volt. Így és más hasonló módokon a vegyészmérnöki tudásom hasznos volt - jó volt végeredményképpen ezen, és más alkalmakkal, hogy tudtam kémiát - az apám tanácsa, hogy vegyészmérnökséget tanuljak végeredményképpen hasznos volt - ezen és több más alkalommal is. Ezekből is hálás lehetek iránta, és voltam is és őrzöm emlékét.
physics  magyar  history  people 
6 days ago by kmt
The Curious Wavefunction: Book review: "John von Neumann" by Norman Macrae
His philosophy was simple: keep on doing good work and be a decent person and then don’t worry about anything else. You are not responsible for what others think about you; a philosophy that Richard Feynman said he imbibed from Johnny.
book  review  science  history  math  physics  magyar 
9 days ago by kmt
The Philosophy of Fasting » IAI TV
In seeking to explain this, Bynum began from the observation that women in medieval Europe, as in most pre-modern cultures, were responsible for the preparation of food. So it was the one resource they could control directly, and the one thing they could readily renounce. Food-related miracles also allowed them to challenge the religious authority claimed by men. Only male priests could administer the sacraments, but the various visions and wonders connected to the Eucharist allowed women their own special role in this holy encounter with Christ. Above all, and contrary to assumptions that female asceticism involved a hatred of the body, Bynum pointed out the centrality of God’s incarnation to medieval Christianity. By emphasising and relentlessly shaping their own embodied nature, women could identify more fully with the Saviour and participate in his suffering.

Why would female religious fasting be relevant to us today? For a few reasons, from exploring power dynamics between men and women to attitudes towards food – the power it has over us and the way we sometimes exercise power in the way we eat it – and all this in a culture that laid the foundations for modern Western society.
fasting  philosophy  history  religion  food 
9 days ago by kmt
The British Royals Have Always Been Scum
It’s amazing how much image-polishing the British ruling class has gotten away with, when you think about it! Generations of imperial murder, torture, rape, and plunder around the globe, and they’re rewarded with an endless procession of fawning tributes favoring their most prominent genocidal warthogs such as Queen Victoria and Winston Churchill.

And how about that ridiculous Windsor clan still cluttering up the British Isles? As the great Irish revolutionary Michael Collins once asked with justifiable irritation, “How did those people ever get an empire?”
british-empire  history  politics  sociology  cinema 
12 days ago by kmt
A Wang folyó versei: Kösz a halakat
1540-ben itt nyílt meg az első állandó festmény- és metszetgaléria, amelyre a város háromszáz mestere szállította termékeit, s ezek olyan messze eljutottak, mint például az iszfaháni örmény székesegyház, amelynek falait antwerpeni bibliai metszetek után készült jelenetekkel díszítették.
history  magyar  art  reference 
4 weeks ago by kmt
Peter Turchin Another Clever Proxy for Quantitative History - Peter Turchin
countries did not start growing immediately after the cessation of plague outbreaks. In our book Secular Cycles we discuss the possible reasons for late medieval England and France, and come to the conclusion that the factor that held back populat
history  data-analysis  esoteric 
4 weeks ago by kmt
The Curious Wavefunction: Lessons on management styles from Edward Teller, Hans Bethe and Robert Oppenheimer: A question of temperament
Teller, having lived and breathed the bomb, having contributed to both its politics and its science, having seen the vision of its even more powerful descendant (a bomb drawing its energy from nuclear fusion), thinks of himself as a logical choice to head the division.

Oppenheimer instead picks Bethe. It's an omission Teller will not forget.

The decision would have far-reaching consequences for the organization of the Manhattan Project. It would sow the seeds of discontent that would fracture the community of American physicists a decade later. And it would drive home the interplay between management philosophies and the mechanics of complex technological projects that is relevant to this day.
history  science  management  advice  negotiation 
5 weeks ago by kmt
California Class War History: Meet The Oligarch Family That’s Been Scamming Taxpayers For 150 Years, And Counting! - By Yasha Levine - The eXiled
It’s been about a hundred years since his empire crumbled, but his family retained a good chunk of his vast land wealth, including perpetual rights to a massive amount of water. A good part of the Miller clan is now sitting pretty just by exploiting and selling their hereditary water rights on the California water market for millions of dollars a year. In fact, it’s safe to say that the family has successfully leveraged grandpa Miller’s vast real estate and agricultural holdings into creating one of California’s largest water merchant businesses, which sells water at exorbitant rates to cities, counties, real estate developers, farmers and even the state itself.
history  capitalism  americana  business  exploitation 
5 weeks ago by kmt
It might be a pseudo science, but students take the threat of eugenics seriously
While hecklers derided the protest as an overreaction, students have good reason for taking eugenics seriously. UCL has a long history of support for scientific racism, beginning with Francis Galton, the Victorian polymath who, among other achievements, founded the science of eugenics. UCL’s Galton Chair in National Eugenics, which survived under that name until 1996, was first held by Karl Pearson, another ardent racial eugenicist. Pearson talked about creating a nation from “the better stocks” while conducting war with the “inferior races”, and in 1925 co-authored an article published in the Annals of Eugenics warning of the dangers of allowing Russian and Polish Jewish children into Britain. The London Conference on Intelligence was held in a building named in Pearson’s honour.
eugenics  history  politics  intelligence 
5 weeks ago by kmt
Everyone loves Paul Volcker. Everyone is wrong.
But Volcker's solution destroyed the American working class for a generation. Unemployment peaked as high or higher than in the Great Recession. Unions, already in decline, went into free fall. Volcker explicitly viewed breaking the power of organized labor as a critical piece of his anti-inflation crusade. "The standard of living of the average American has to decline," Volcker declared shortly after becoming Fed Chair. Trace the modern trends in wage stagnation and inequality, and they lead back to Volcker's recession.
economics  history  politics  labour-movement  finance 
5 weeks ago by kmt
Oral Tradition - The Oldest True Stories in the World - SAPIENS
Australia's iconic Opera House is lit up with an art installation called Songlines during a festival in 2016. For Aboriginal Australians, songlines are memories of routes through landscapes—which highlight their histories and associations—that have been orally passed on for hundreds of generations.
anthropology  history  language  esoteric  australia  tradition 
6 weeks ago by kmt
A People's History of Computing in the United States: Joy Lisi Rankin: 9780674970977: Books
Silicon Valley gets all the credit for digital creativity, but this account of the pre-PC world, when computing meant more than using mature consumer technology, challenges that triumphalism.

The invention of the personal computer liberated users from corporate mainframes and brought computing into homes. But throughout the 1960s and 1970s a diverse group of teachers and students working together on academic computing systems conducted many of the activities we now recognize as personal and social computing. Their networks were centered in New Hampshire, Minnesota, and Illinois, but they connected far-flung users. Joy Rankin draws on detailed records to explore how users exchanged messages, programmed music and poems, fostered communities, and developed computer games like The Oregon Trail. These unsung pioneers helped shape our digital world, just as much as the inventors, garage hobbyists, and eccentric billionaires of Palo Alto.

By imagining computing as an interactive commons, the early denizens of the digital realm seeded today’s debate about whether the internet should be a public utility and laid the groundwork for the concept of net neutrality. Rankin offers a radical precedent for a more democratic digital culture, and new models for the next generation of activists, educators, coders, and makers.
book  computing  history  esoteric  business  politics 
6 weeks ago by kmt
This Day in Labor History: August 11, 1911 - Lawyers, Guns & Money
On August 11, 1911, workers at the Watertown Arsenal in Watertown, Massachusetts walked off the job as the scientific management ideas of Frederick Winslow Taylor began to be applied to their work. This resistance of corporate micromanagement of work was a last ditch attempt by American industrial workers to remain masters of their own labor, even within the factory system that had already degraded their skills and independence.

Frederick Winslow Taylor was an aristocratic Philadelphian who after a few years working as a manual laborer, chose to dedicate his life to making industrial labor more efficient and streamlined. He began managing some Maine paper mills before starting his own efficiency practice in Philadelphia in 1893. His first big job was with Bethlehem Steel between 1898 and 1901, when he was forced out for clashing with other managers, a frequent problem for the bullheaded Taylor.
history  labour-movement  sources  argument  capitalism  politics 
7 weeks ago by kmt
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