kmt + history   422

Crimes of Britain – Revisiting and monitoring the crimes of Britain
Crimes of Britain is a platform that was set up in 2015 dedicated to monitoring British imperialism of the present day and revisiting it of the past. British Foreign policy of today is rooted in that of the British Empire.

As it stands Britain is currently waging war on Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, and Yemen. Rarely, if ever, does the British media report on these conflicts. If they do, Britain’s true role is often mitigated or presented as heroic.

Today at least 500 British troops remain in Afghanistan advising and assisting Afghan forces. The British media frequently misinform the general public that Britain withdrew from Afghanistan in 2014.
colonial-era  history  argument  british-empire  genocide  reference  read-later 
yesterday by kmt
Ian Hacking reviews ‘For and against Method’ by Imre Lakatos and Paul Feyerabend, edited by Matteo Motterlini · LRB 20 January 2000
English-language philosophy of science is still dominated by ideas brought to it by refugees. In the first wave, England got the Austrians, including Karl Popper and Otto Neurath (not to mention Wittgenstein), and later got Paul Feyerabend from Vienna and Imre Lakatos from Budapest. The United States got the Germans, including Rudolf Carnap and Hans Reichenbach. The famous Vienna Circle, or Wiener Kreis, was established by Moritz Schlick, a German, who brought other Germans to Vienna. Neither of the two most memorable Viennese philosophers, Wittgenstein and Popper, was a member of this discussion club, although there were various kinds of interaction between them all. The Germans who went to the United States were a solemn lot, at least in print, who have cast a sombre shadow of propriety over American philosophy of science to this day. The Austro-Hungarians, in contrast, were a wild bunch, never comfortable anywhere, but finding England the best refuge. Lakatos really was a refugee; he remained stateless and had to travel on a British Travel Document in lieu of a passport. Feyerabend was in no literal sense a refugee, but he never found a geographical home, even when, at the end of his career, he settled in Switzerland. He was adored by a generation of students in California, but he despised the philosophy practised there by his colleagues, and his spiritual home was certainly London, at least until Lakatos’s death.
methodology  philosophy  history  philosophy-of-science  read-later  book  review 
19 days ago by kmt
CABINET // Inside Jobs
When the police were finally notified, they chose not to perform an exorcism. Being a secular institution, they instead installed a hidden surveillance camera, and, in May 2002, the truth came to light. It was not a ghost at all, but an engineering teacher from Strasbourg. He had been entering the room through a long-forgotten secret passage, access to which was hidden inside one of the bookcases. Unseen—indeed entirely unsuspected—he was able to remove the library’s priceless collection piece by piece, emerging from the walls to take entire shelves of books at a time.
architecture  history  crime  books  essay 
5 weeks ago by kmt
Terrorists 'helped by CIA' to stop rise of left in Italy | World news | The Guardian
US intelligence services instigated and abetted rightwing terrorism in Italy during the 1970s, a former Italian secret service general has claimed.
The allegation was made by General Gianadelio Maletti, a former head of military counter-intelligence, at the trial last week of rightwing extremists accused of killing 16 people in the bombing of a Milan bank in 1969 - the first time such a charge has been made in a court of law by a senior Italian intelligence figure.
politics  history  terrorism  americana  cia 
6 weeks ago by kmt
The House of Government: A Saga of the Russsian Revolution: Slezkine, Yuri: Hardcover: 9780691176949: Powell's Books
In this mammoth and profusely researched work Slezkine (The Jewish Century) professor of history at UC Berkeley recounts the Russian revolution through the activities and inhabitants of the House of Government Europe’s largest residential building. Built in 1931 in a central Moscow swamp the house was home to hundreds of Communist Party officials their dependents and maintenance workers. The community lasted just over a decade; Stalin purged many residents in the 1930s and the rest were evacuated in 1941 as the Nazis advanced. Slezkine finds the story of the House of Government worth telling because it was “where revolutionaries came home and the revolution came to die.” This is a family saga of the “Old Bolsheviks” the men and women who midwifed the revolution and guided its early steps before falling victim to Stalin’s paranoid excesses. Slezkine illuminates myriad aspects of these lives including fashion choices and intellectual schisms. He also analyzes Bolshevism’s failure so soon after its apparent triumph inviting controversy by describing the Bolsheviks as “millenarian sectarians preparing for the apocalypse.” Slezkine asserts that the cosmopolitanism and humanism of postrevolutionary culture undermined the single mindedness necessary to maintain their ideology. It’s a work begging to be debated; Slezkine aggregates mountains of detail for an enthralling account of the rise and fall of the revolutionary generation.
russian  history  book  read-later 
6 weeks ago by kmt
Peter Turchin The New Machiavelli - Peter Turchin
Thus I looked to reading The Dictator’s Handbook: Why Bad Behavior Is Almost Always Good Politics by Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and Alastair Smith with great anticipation. I had an inkling that I would disagree on much with the authors, but I was looking forward not to agree, but to learn.

I was mistaken. The book fails, and fails badly, on both theoretical and empirical grounds. It’s so bad, I almost decided not to review it. However, it has been enormously successful. It sold a lot of copies, and garnered more than 200 reviews on the Amazon, most of them glowingly positive (average rating 4.6 out of 5). It also inspired a very popular info-video by CGP Grey (over 6 million views).
politics  book  review  argument  history 
6 weeks ago by kmt
The Creative Class Gets Organized
The staff of The New Yorker—the people behind the scenes: editors, fact checkers, social media strategists, designers—are unionizing. They’ve even got a logo: Eustace Tilly with his fist raised. If you’re a loyal reader of the magazine, as I am, you should support the union in any way you can. Every week, they bring us our happiness; we should give them some back. They’re asking for letters of solidarity; email them at
journalism  history  argument  read-later  new-yorker  labour-movement 
6 weeks ago by kmt
The Committee | Issue 21 | n+1
IN THE EARLY 1970S, the New Yorker, like many other magazines, went through two or three years of difficult financial times — a significant decrease in advertising pages and revenues. In the editorial department, management — William Shawn, the longtime editor of the magazine, the executive editor, Robert Bingham, and the magazine’s counsel and vice president and “liaison” with the business department, Milton Greenstein — responded to the slump with stingy measures. To many staff members it gave minuscule raises or no raises at all. It eliminated a long-standing cost-of-living adjustment — theretofore automatic and annual. It cut the lifetime psychiatric-benefit amount in half — from $20,000 to $10,000. It’s true that many people who worked for the New Yorker not only went to the couch themselves but sent their wives or husbands and children to the couch, too, and that was said to be the reason for the new, draconian rule. The result of this particular cutback was that people had to terminate their analyses on the brink of discovering whom they more deeply resented, Mom or Dad, and, perhaps just as important, which of them William Shawn more closely resembled.
journalism  history  argument  read-later  new-yorker  labour-movement 
6 weeks ago by kmt
Gunfight at the Cubic Corral | The Renaissance Mathematicus
Cardano did not steal Tartaglia’s solution and in my naivety I had assumed that everybody with an interest in the history of mathematics already knew the true story, obviously this is not the case so I have decided to retell it here, for once dealing with a couple of real life Renaissance Mathematicae.
math  history  reference  science 
6 weeks ago by kmt
The Yale Law Journal - Forum: The Ideological Roots of America's Market Power Problem
Mounting research shows that America has a market power problem.1 In sectors ranging from airlines and poultry to eyeglasses and semiconductors, just a handful of companies dominate.2 The decline in competition is so consistent across markets that excessive concentration and undue market power now look to be not an isolated issue but rather a systemic feature of America’s political economy.3 This is troubling because monopolies and oligopolies produce a host of harms. They depress wages and salaries, raise consumer costs, block entrepreneurship, stunt investment, retard innovation, and render supply chains and complex systems highly fragile.4 Dominant firms’ economic power allows them, in turn, to concentrate political power, which they then use to win favorable policies and further entrench their dominance.5
law  history  argument  read-later  capitalism  politics  americana 
6 weeks ago by kmt
Remembering When Only Barbarians Drank Milk - Gastro Obscura
For centuries, this was the norm in many parts of the world: People who ate butter and drank milk were uncivilized outsiders.
food  history  book 
6 weeks ago by kmt
Here’s another Jeremy Thorpe scandal – its chilling legacy in law | Geoffrey Robertson | Opinion | The Guardian
As the BBC TV dramatisation of the Thorpe scandal reaches its denouement this Sunday, millions will ask: why was Jeremy Thorpe acquitted of conspiring to kill Norman Scott? Because the judge was biased in his favour; because of the skill of his barrister, George Carman; or because he was innocent?

None of the above. He was acquitted because of the dirtiest deal in media history, made by a rightwing newspaper. The significance of this deal was revealed by a jury member in the New Statesman, which was then itself prosecuted by the Thatcher government for contempt of court. The magazine’s victory for free speech was reversed when that government passed a law that today remains the only legacy of the Thorpe trial: creating the very British crime of refusing to cover up wrongdoing, at least when it takes place in the jury room. That, along with the verve and panache of the TV show, should now be central to our debate.
law  history  read-later 
6 weeks ago by kmt
International Institute of Social History | socioeconomic history
Conducts research and collects data on the global history of labour, workers, and labour relations
sociology  science  history  reference 
6 weeks ago by kmt
Erik Visits an American Grave, Part 245 - Lawyers, Guns & Money
This is the grave of Tom Girdler, a terrible horrible no good American and a name you probably do not know at all.
history  capitalism  people 
6 weeks ago by kmt
Drag Her by the Hair and Heart – EIDOLON
Hermias’ fantasy of Titerous asks for more than just sex: he demands her submission. He wants her humbled, whipped, and obsessed with him; he wants access to her body, her property, her emotions, even her dreams; he wants her to be punished for not already being his. And she had better be happy about it.

The form of Hermias’ spell is ancient, but the aggrieved entitlement is all too familiar. The ambivalent language of love curses — sometimes violently misogynistic, sometimes almost wistful, has eerie modern parallels in the discourse of the so-called manosphere: MRAs (“men’s rights activists”), “incels” (“involuntarily celibate”, a moniker adopted by some bitterly anti-feminist groups who feel women unfairly withhold sex from them), MGTOWs (“men going their own way”), PUAs (“pick up artists”), and similar groups loosely affiliated with the alt-right, who are having something of a moment here in 2018. (Alek Minassian, the driver who killed 10 people with a van in Toronto in April, identified as an incel.)

The description of Titerous as arrogant, calculating, shameful, and unwomanly for not being interested in Hermias seems out of place in the modern MRA movement only because of its restraint. Compare this post on the late and unlamented r/incels subreddit, which catalogues “Reasons why women are the embodiment of evil”. (r/incels was finally banned by Reddit in November 2017 for inciting violence.) Whiny dudes, it seems, whine in much the same way across the millennia.
feminism  classics  read-later  magic  history  metafilter 
7 weeks ago by kmt
Lies to children
It seems that in the early 20th century, Elbert Hubbard wrote a series of historical fiction pieces aimed at children, collected in his 14-volume Little Journeys to the Homes of Great Teachers. One of the volumes (first published in 1908) includes a story about Hypatia. We don’t know much about Hypatia’s actual life, so Hubbard’s story is almost entirely made up from Hubbard’s own imagination: the training regimen her father set her, her journey to Athens to visit Plutarch, the 20th-century rationalist doctrines her father instilled in her (later to be attributed as quotes to her), all fiction.
history  gender  math  reference 
8 weeks ago by kmt
Homer and Hatred: On Jordan Peterson’s Mythology – BLARB
It seems he feels the effect of feminine chaos everywhere. On Joe Rogan’s podcast, he says today’s world could be “what a female totalitarianism would look like.” He calls for a return to  “mythology,” which will re-stabilize us in these times of great uncertainty. But for someone apparently obsessed with the power of myth, Peterson does not include a single collection of myths among the books he says are most important to him, a list of which appears on his web site. (For what it’s worth, here is the Peterson canon: Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, 1984 and Road to Wigan Pier by George Orwell, Crime and Punishment and Demons by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Beyond Good and Evil by Friederich Nietzsche, Ordinary Men by Christopher Browning, The Painted Bird by Jerzy Kosinski, The Rape of Nanking by Iris Chang, The Gulag Archipelago by Aleksander Solzhenitzyn, Man’s Search For Meaning by Viktor Frankl, Modern Man in Search of a Soul by Carl Jung, Maps of Meaning by Jordan B. Peterson, A History of Religious Ideas by Mircea Eliade, Affective Neuroscience by Jaan Panskepp.)

People are always the same, he implies; women are always crazy and men are always trying to keep them in line. If we read myths through his quixotic Jungian lens, he says, we can learn to navigate the chaos — that is, the over-feminization — of our times. There is a larky whimsicality to this thought, an almost charming Da Vinci Code-style theory-of-everythingness, a yearning for magic answers.
literature  argument  books  review  psychology  history  philosophy  burn  reference 
9 weeks ago by kmt
General semantics - Wikipedia
it's rumored that GS influenced frank herbert, esp. regarding the bene gesserit
dune  history  psychology  science 
9 weeks ago by kmt
Waning crescent: meet the Polish-Muslim community settled in the heart of Europe — The Calvert Journal
The Podlasie region of north-eastern Poland is home to a small Sunni Muslim community called Polish Tatars or Lipka Tatars, who have settled there for over 300 years. Photographer Selim Korycki is one of the 3000 Poles with Tatar heritage. 
history  photography  poland  central-europe  islam  religion 
9 weeks ago by kmt
To Save California, Read “Dune”—The fictional planet has a lesson for the drought-stricken state.
Charles Ortloff, a specialist in fluid dynamics and author of Water Engineering in the Ancient World, has studied the Nabatean waterworks in depth. He says the Nabateans consolidated their position at the center of the regional caravan trade by constructing an elaborate system of catchment basins, pipelines, and storage cisterns. The Nabateans utilized “all possible above- and below-ground water supply and storage methodologies simultaneously,” writes Orloff—enabling them to capture, transport, and stow away every bit of rain that did fall. In Arabic, the word “nabat” means for water “to percolate from underground to the surface.”
dune  history  book  ecology  reference  technology 
9 weeks ago by kmt
Book review: The road to unfreedom | IRRUSSIANALITY
Timothy Snyder doesn’t like Donald Trump. Really, really doesn’t like him. He fears that under Trump, American (and also European) democracy may collapse into some sort of nasty fascist tyranny. And he wants us all to know who is to blame for this terrible state of affairs, so that we can defend ourselves against it while there is still time. And who is to blame? You know the answer, of course. It’s Russia.
history  argument  politics  book  review  read-later 
11 weeks ago by kmt
Timothy Snyder’s Bleak Vision | The Nation
Capitalizing on his credentials as a historian, over the past decade Snyder has positioned himself as a public intellectual, shifting from academic histories to more popular works, writing for magazines like The New Republic and The New York Review of Books, and appearing often on the national and international speaking circuits. His first popular success was 2010’s Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, which set out to tell the story of the millions of people—especially Jews, Ukrainians, and Poles—who were killed between 1933 and 1945 in the area between central Poland and western Russia. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Bloodlands offered a conceptual revision, grouping the victims of Hitler and Stalin together and arguing that the Nazi and Soviet governments spurred each other on to increased violence.

Among academics, Bloodlands was met with much praise but also with substantial criticism. The conflation of Stalinist and Nazi crimes seemed morally righteous to some but grossly reductive to others. The somewhat arbitrary temporal and geographical framework omitted important episodes of political violence in the region; by conflating Nazi and Soviet tactics, Snyder elided important differences between them—most notably that the Nazis explicitly planned to exterminate certain ethnic groups, while Soviet violence was more complex in its aims and methods, and more varied in its results. Snyder was also criticized for focusing on the intentions and actions of a select group of political leaders while giving short shrift to the many other historical forces at play, such as the actions of local governments and populations. Some critics bristled at his use of historical juxtapositions that implied connections without making clear arguments to establish them: for example, Bloodlands’ 1933 starting date, which suggested a link between Hitler’s seizure of power and the Ukrainian famine of that year.
history  argument  book  review  read-later 
11 weeks ago by kmt The Perfect War: Technowar in Vietnam (Military History Series) (9780871137999): James William Gibson: Books
In this groundbreaking book, James William Gibson shatters the misled assumptions behind both liberal and conservative explanations for America's failure in Vietnam. Gibson shows how American government and military officials developed a disturbingly limited concept of war -- what he calls "technowar" -- in which all efforts were focused on maximizing the enemy's body count, regardless of the means. Consumed by a blind faith in the technology of destruction, American leaders failed to take into account their enemy's highly effective guerrilla tactics. Indeed, technowar proved woefully inapplicable to the actual political and military strategies used by the Vietnamese, and Gibson reveals how U.S. officials consistently falsified military records to preserve the illusion that their approach would prevail. Gibson was one of the first historians to question the fundamental assumptions behind American policy, and The Perfect War is a brilliant reassessment of the war -- now republished with a new introduction by the author.
warfighting  strategy  history  management 
11 weeks ago by kmt
No Copyright Law: The Real Reason for Germany's Industrial Expansion? - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Did Germany experience rapid industrial expansion in the 19th century due to an absence of copyright law? A German historian argues that the massive proliferation of books, and thus knowledge, laid the foundation for the country's industrial might.
history  education  germany  law  argument 
april 2018 by kmt
BBC Blogs - Adam Curtis - BUGGER
The recent revelations by the whistleblower Edward Snowden were fascinating. But they - and all the reactions to them - had one enormous assumption at their heart.

That the spies know what they are doing.

It is a belief that has been central to much of the journalism about spying and spies over the past fifty years. That the anonymous figures in the intelligence world have a dark omniscience. That they know what's going on in ways that we don't.

It doesn't matter whether you hate the spies and believe they are corroding democracy, or if you think they are the noble guardians of the state. In both cases the assumption is that the secret agents know more than we do.

But the strange fact is that often when you look into the history of spies what you discover is something very different.
history  politics  intelligence  adam-curtis  read-later 
april 2018 by kmt
Surveillance Valley – a review | agger's Free Software blog
that, we should all boykot them. 

Most of us have heard that the Internet started as a research project initiated by the ARPA, the Advanced Research Projects Agency, an agency under the US military conducting advanced research, especially focusing on counter-insurgency and future war scenarios. A common version of this story is that the Internet was originally intended to be a decentralized network, a network with no central hub necessary for its operation, where individual nodes might be taken out without disrupting the traffic, which would just reroute itself through other nodes. A TCP/IP network may indeed work like that, but the true origins of the Internet are far darker.
book  review  survelliance  history  military  network  technology  politics 
april 2018 by kmt
'The Oligarchs Valley' by Yasha Levine and the parallels in India
Here is a short segue I request you to indulge me:

In 1998, the Delhi Jal (Water) Board (DJB) had approached the World Bank for a loan. The World Bank suggested that the DJB hire a consultant to help make recommendations for improvements, and even offered a $2.5 million loan to the DJB to do that same. Over the course of the next seven years, the World Bank agreed to provide a loan to the Delhi Jal Board for $150 million dollars for the privatization of water supply to the capital city. What made the saga intriguing was the insistence of the World Bank and its interference to ensure that Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC) got selected as the consultant to the project. Thousands of pages made available as a result of RTI (Right to Information) queries filed by activists, it emerged that despite PwC failing to make the cut in the technical and financial rounds, the World Bank insisted on changes to the evaluation criteria, that the marks were given by one particular member of the evaluation committee be excluded from the final evaluation so as to favour PwC, and so on.
history  politics  technology  india  argument 
april 2018 by kmt
"How Heritability Misleads about Race" by Ned Block
According to The Bell Curve, Black Americans are genetically inferior to Whites. That's not the only point in Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray's book. They also argue that there is something called "general intelligence" which is measured by IQ tests, socially important, and 60 percent "heritable" within whites. (I'll explain heritability below.) But the claim about genetic inferiority is my target here. It has been subject to wide-ranging criticism since the book was first published last year. Those criticisms, however, have missed its deepest flaws. Indeed, the Herrnstein/Murray argument depends on conceptual confusions that have been tacitly accepted to some degree by many of the book's sharpest critics.
genetics  eugenics  reference  argument  history  read-later 
april 2018 by kmt
Maths, Madness and the Manhattan Project: the Eccentric Lives of Steinhaus, Banach and Ulam | Article |
A recently published book – The Brilliant Ones by Mariusz Urbanek – sheds light on an unusual group of men brought together by their love for maths. It all began one summer day when a mathematician, Hugo Steinhaus, heard someone talking about the Lebesgue integration in Krakow's Planty Park. At that time, this calculus was only known by a handful of mathematicians. That someone turned out to be Stefan Banach, the son of an illiterate servant, a genius without a diploma, one of Poland's biggest scientific talents and the second most frequently invoked name in common mathematics after Euclid.
history  math  review  reference  poland 
march 2018 by kmt
Pando: A brief history of American gun nuts
the money quote:
Second Amendment cultists truly believe that guns are political power. That guns in fact are the only source of political power. That’s why, despite loving guns, and despite being so right-wing, they betray such a paranoid fear and hatred of armed agents of the government (minus Border Guards, they all tend to love our Border Guards). If you think guns, rather than concentrated wealth, equals political power, then you’d resent government power far more than you’d resent billionaires’ power or corporations’ hyper-concentrated wealth/power, because government will always have more and bigger guns. In fact you’d see pro-gun, anti-government billionaires like the Kochs as your natural political allies in your gun-centric notion of political struggle against the concentrated gun power of government.

How very convenient that works out to be.
weapons  politics  argument  history  reference 
march 2018 by kmt
The Cambridge Analytica Con | Yasha Levine
But this story is being covered and framed in a misleading way. So far, much of the mainstream coverage, driven by the Times and Guardian reports, looks at Cambridge Analytica in isolation—almost entirely outside of any historical or political context. This makes it seem to readers unfamiliar with the long history of the struggle for control of the digital sphere as if the main problem is that the bad actors at Cambridge Analytica crossed the transmission wires of Facebook in the Promethean manner of Victor Frankenstein—taking what were normally respectable, scientific data protocols and perverting them to serve the diabolical aim of reanimating the decomposing lump of political flesh known as Donald Trump.
technology  politics  argument  history  reference 
march 2018 by kmt
Primary Deposits: Steven Pinker and archaeology
Crow Creek, South Dakota. This is a notorious site. It is a mass grave, the remains of a massacre. Using this site as just automatically representative of prehistoric mortality is senseless, especially when your sample is already small and biased. There are no mass graves from Europe in the 20th century? What would Pinker’s state-level death rates look like if he used cemetery data (as he should have)?

Vedbaek, Denmark, and Boggebakken, Denmark. This is bad. Unless there are two Mesolithic sites with 17 burials in Vedbaek, these are the same site. Keeley calls it Vedbaek; Bowles calls it Boggebakken. The site is sometimes called Vedbaek-Boggebakken (e.g., Jochim 2011:127). If these are the same site (as they certainly seem to be), this is probably the most egregious error in Pinker’s data. The rest of the errors can be attributed to lack of understanding of the evidence and appropriate methods. But, this, THIS, is sheer laziness. He made no effort to clean his data.
argument  history  review  book  reference  stats  data-analysis  pinker 
march 2018 by kmt
NATO Expansion: What Yeltsin Heard | National Security Archive
Russian president led to believe Partnership for Peace was alternative to expanded NATO

Documents show early Russian opposition to “neo-containment;" more U.S. assurances to Russia: “inclusion not exclusion” in new European security structures
politics  diplomacy  history  russian  americana  cold-war 
march 2018 by kmt
The woman who invented abstract algebra | Cosmos
And as Emmy Noether taught us, whenever a symmetry is broken, that means something is being lost.
physics  history  algebra  math  people 
march 2018 by kmt
Primary Deposits: Steven Pinker and archaeology
This is my second post on Steven Pinker’s Better Angels of Our Nature (the first is here). This book is such a steaming pile, I need to vent but really don't want to spend time on it. So I am going to end this particular foray into the colonial mindset and finish up on Chapter 2, which is the main archaeological and anthropological section.
history  argument  whig-history  reference 
march 2018 by kmt
For Decades, National Geographic's Coverage Was Racist. To Rise Above Our Past, We Must Acknowledge It
We asked a preeminent historian to investigate our coverage of people of color in the U.S. and abroad. Here’s what he found.
history  slavery  americana  reference  read-later 
march 2018 by kmt
Darkest Hour at the Oscars | Random Thoughts of a Demented Mind
So what exactly did Churchill do? The sad thing is not many in India know this, far less those outside it. I will spare you the history lesson, but in brief, he made sure that all the food and clothes produced in Bengal  got sent away to feed and clothe European soldiers during World War II (yes the same war for which “Darkest Hour” presents him as the messiah) leaving the natives to starve. If that was not bad enough, he actively prevented humanitarian aid from reaching Bengal once millions had started dying. This was as much due to his desire to scorch-earth Bengal before it fell to the Japanese (that never ultimately happened) as well as the fact that he hated brown-skinned Indians, and considered them sub-human.

This is not conjecture. This is documented.

Churchill’s only response to a telegram from the government in Delhi about people perishing in the famine was to ask why Gandhi hadn’t died yet. (Tharoor, Time magazine)

“I hate Indians,” he told the Secretary of State for India, Leopold Amery. “They are a beastly people with a beastly religion.” The famine was their own fault, he declared at a war-cabinet meeting, for “breeding like rabbits.” (Tharoor, Time Magazine)

The prime minister believed that Indians were the next worst people in the world after the Germans. Their treachery had been plain in the Quit India movement. The Germans he was prepared to bomb into the ground. The Indians would starve to death as a result of their own folly and viciousness.(Harper and Bayley, Forgotten Armies: Brittan’s Asian Empire and War with Japan)
history  india  british-empire  colonial-era  genocide  reference 
march 2018 by kmt
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