jm + spaceflight   6

A Soyuz "ballistic re-entry" which subjected the crew to 21 g
At the time when the safety system initiated separation the spacecraft was already pointed downward toward Earth, which accelerated its descent significantly. Instead of the expected acceleration in such an emergency situation of 15 g (147 m/s²), the cosmonauts experienced up to 21.3 g (209 m/s²).[2] Despite very high overloading, the capsule's parachutes opened properly and slowed the craft to a successful landing after a flight of only 21 minutes.
spaceflight  soyuz  accidents  history  cosmonauts 
4 weeks ago by jm
7% of Scott Kelly's Genes Changed After a Year in Space - Universe Today
The study took into account possible genomic and cognitive changes between the two [twin] brothers. These findings were recently clarified by NASA, which indicated that 93% of Scott Kelly’s genes returned to normal after he returned to Earth while the remaining 7% points were missing. These were attributed to “longer-term changes in genes related to his immune system, DNA repair, bone formation networks, hypoxia, and hypercapnia.”

In other words, in addition to the well-documented effects of microgravity – such as muscle atrophy, bone density loss and loss of eyesight – Scott Kelly also experienced health effect caused by a deficiency in the amount of oxygen that was able to make it to his tissues, an excess of CO2 in his tissues, and long-term effects in how his body is able to maintain and repair itself.
nasa  space  iss  spaceflight  scott-kelly  zero-gravity  future  microgravity  health  via:elliot 
march 2018 by jm
APOLLO 13 EARTH ORBITAL CHART | Artsy
Some nice catalogue details around this Apollo 13 AEO:
Apollo Earth Orbit Chart (AEO), Apollo Mission 13 for April 1970 Launch Date. March 3, 1970. Color Earth map, first edition. 13 by 42 inches.

From the Catalogue:
SIGNED and INSCRIBED: “JAMES LOVELL, Apollo 13 CDR and FRED HAISE, Apollo 13 LMP." Additionally INSCRIBED by HAISE with mission events: "Launch at 2:13 pm EST, April 11, 1970" and "Splash – April 17, 1970." He has marked the splashdown area with an "X."

Circular plots in black represent the ground station communication coverage areas with the red circle being the tracking ship Vanguard in the Atlantic Ocean. Orbital paths show the full launch range azimuths of 72 to 108 degrees. The first orbit is plotted in light blue with the second orbit in dark blue. The planned TLI (TransLunar Injection) burn occurred on time during the mission and is plotted with a red dashed line. The point above the Earth as Apollo 13 headed toward the Moon is shown with a brown line and continues for 24 hours of mission elapsed time. This line moves over the Pacific Ocean and into the continental United States. Then it moves backwards (relative to the Earth’s rotation) over the Pacific Ocean and ends near the west coast of Africa. The Service Module explosion occurred some 32 hours after end point of the TLI brown line tracking plot.
aeo  apollo  history  spaceflight  collectibles  antiques  james-lovell  fred-haise  1970  apollo-13  charts 
august 2017 by jm
How Curiosity, Luck, and the Flip of a Switch Saved the Moon Program | Motherboard
"SCE to off?" someone said. The switch was so obscure that neither of his bosses knew what he was talking about. "What the hell's that," blurted out Gerald Carr, who was in charge of communicating with the capsule. The rookie flight director, Gerry Griffin, didn't know either.

Sixty seconds had passed since the initial lightning strike. No one else knew what to do. The call to abort was fast approaching. 

Finally, Carr reluctantly gave the order in a voice far cooler than the moment. "Apollo 12, Houston, try SCE to Auxiliary, over."
spaceflight  stories  apollo  sce-to-aux  power  lightning  weather  outages  simulation  training  nasa 
november 2014 by jm
Little-known Apollo 10 incident
'Apollo 10 had a little known incident in flight as evidenced by this transcript.' http://pic.twitter.com/NCZy7OdxDU
poo  turds  space  spaceflight  funny  history  apollo-10  apollo  accidents 
january 2014 by jm

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