jm + processes   4

How To Measure the Working Set Size on Linux
A nifty metric:
The Working Set Size (WSS) is how much memory an application needs to keep working. Your app may have populated 100 Gbytes of main memory, but only uses 50 Mbytes each second to do its job. That's the working set size. It is used for capacity planning and scalability analysis.

You may never have seen WSS measured by any tool (I haven't either). OSes usually show you virtual memory and resident memory, shown as the "VIRT" and "RES" columns in top. Resident memory is real memory: main memory that has been allocated and page mapped. But we don't know how much of that is in heavy use, which is what WSS tells us.

In this post I'll introduce some new things I've developed for WSS estimation: two Linux tools, and WSS profile charts. The tools use either the referenced or the idle page flags to measure a page-based WSS, and were developed out of necessity for another performance problem.


(via Amy Tobey)
via:amytobey  memory  linux  rss  wss  proc  ps  processes  metrics  working-set-size  ram 
january 2018 by jm
How Completely Messed Up Practices Become Normal
on Normalization of Deviance, with a few anecdotes from Silicon Valley. “The gradual process through which unacceptable practice or standards become acceptable. As the deviant behavior is repeated without catastrophic results, it becomes the social norm for the organization.”
normalization-of-deviance  deviance  bugs  culture  ops  reliability  work  workplaces  processes  norms 
december 2015 by jm
Peek and poke in the age of Linux
Neat demo of using ptrace to inject into a running process, just like the good old days ;)
Some time ago I ran into a production issue where the init process (upstart) stopped behaving properly. Specifically, instead of spawning new processes, it deadlocked in a transitional state. [...] What’s worse, upstart doesn’t allow forcing a state transition and trying to manually create and send DBus events didn’t help either. That meant the sane options we were left with were:
restart the host (not desirable at all in that scenario);
start the process manually and hope auto-respawn will not be needed.
Of course there are also some insane options. Why not cheat like in the old times and just PEEK and POKE the process in the right places? The solution used at the time involved a very ugly script driving gdb which probably summoned satan in some edge cases. But edge cases were not hit and majority of hosts recovered without issues.
debugging  memory  linux  upstart  peek  poke  ptrace  gdb  processes  hacks 
march 2013 by jm

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