jm + integers   6

lemire/JavaFastPFOR: A simple integer compression library in Java

a library to compress and uncompress arrays of integers very fast. The assumption is that most (but not all) values in your array use much less than 32 bits, or that the gaps between the integers use much less than 32 bits. These sort of arrays often come up when using differential coding in databases and information retrieval (e.g., in inverted indexes or column stores).

Please note that random integers are not compressible, by this library or by any other means. If you ever had the means of systematically compressing random integers, you could compress any data source to nothing, by recursive application of your technique.

This library can decompress integers at a rate of over 1.2 billions per second (4.5 GB/s). It is significantly faster than generic codecs (such as Snappy, LZ4 and so on) when compressing arrays of integers.

The library is used in LinkedIn Pinot, a realtime distributed OLAP datastore. Part of this library has been integrated in Parquet ( A modified version of the library is included in the search engine Terrier ( This libary is used by ClueWeb Tools ( It is also used by Apache NiFi.
compression  java  pfor  encoding  integers  algorithms  storage 
11 days ago by jm
Elias gamma coding
'used most commonly when coding integers whose upper-bound cannot be determined beforehand.'
data-structures  algorithms  elias-gamma-coding  encoding  coding  numbers  integers 
april 2016 by jm
Why Gandhi Is Such An Asshole In Civilization
When a player adopted democracy in Civilization, their aggression would be automatically reduced by 2. Code being code, if Gandhi went democratic his aggression wouldn't go to -1, it looped back around to the ludicrously high figure of 255, making him as aggressive as a civilization could possibly be.
civ  civilization  funny  videogames  bugs  gandhi  nuclear-war  integers  overflow 
november 2014 by jm
Lectures in Advanced Data Structures (6.851)
Good lecture notes on the current state of the art in data structure research.
Data structures play a central role in modern computer science. You interact with data structures even more often than with algorithms (think Google, your mail server, and even your network routers). In addition, data structures are essential building blocks in obtaining efficient algorithms. This course covers major results and current directions of research in data structures:

TIME TRAVEL We can remember the past efficiently (a technique called persistence), but in general it's difficult to change the past and see the outcomes on the present (retroactivity). So alas, Back To The Future isn't really possible.
GEOMETRY When data has more than one dimension (e.g. maps, database tables).
DYNAMIC OPTIMALITY Is there one binary search tree that's as good as all others? We still don't know, but we're close.
MEMORY HIERARCHY Real computers have multiple levels of caches. We can optimize the number of cache misses, often without even knowing the size of the cache.
HASHING Hashing is the most used data structure in computer science. And it's still an active area of research.
INTEGERS Logarithmic time is too easy. By careful analysis of the information you're dealing with, you can often reduce the operation times substantially, sometimes even to constant. We will also cover lower bounds that illustrate when this is not possible.
DYNAMIC GRAPHS A network link went down, or you just added or deleted a friend in a social network. We can still maintain essential information about the connectivity as it changes.
STRINGS Searching for phrases in giant text (think Google or DNA).
SUCCINCT Most “linear size” data structures you know are much larger than they need to be, often by an order of magnitude. Some data structures require almost no space beyond the raw data but are still fast (think heaps, but much cooler).

(via Tim Freeman)
data-structures  lectures  mit  video  data  algorithms  coding  csail  strings  integers  hashing  sorting  bst  memory 
april 2013 by jm
Brooklyn Integers | Integers as a service
Integers artisanally hand-crafted for you. See also the sister site, "Each of our bespoke numbers is created just for you in San Francisco’s historic Mission District. What will you use it for? A letter-pressed receipt. A special touch of latte art. A globally-unique user ID. A woolen hat. The possibilities are as infinite as the space of 64-bit unsigned ints." (via John Allspaw)
via:allspaw  humour  funny  integers  artisan  satire  hand-crafted 
july 2012 by jm

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