jerryking + robert_gates   17

Andrew Marshall, Pentagon’s Threat Expert, Dies at 97 - The New York Times
By Julian E. Barnes
March 26, 2019

Andrew Marshall, a Pentagon strategist who helped shape U.S. military thinking on the Soviet Union, China and other global competitors for more than four decades, has died. He was 97. Mr. Marshall, as director of the Office of Net Assessment, was the secretive futurist of the Pentagon, a long-range thinker who prodded and inspired secretaries of defense and high-level policymakers.......Marshall was revered in the DoD as a mysterious Yoda-like figure who embodied an exceptionally long institutional memory.......... Marshall's view of China as a potential strategic adversary, an idea now at the heart of national defense strategy....Through his many hires and Pentagon grants..... Mr. Marshall trained a coterie of experts and strategists in Washington and beyond.....he cultivated thinking that looked beyond the nation’s immediate problems and sought to press military leaders to approach long-term challenges differently......His gift was the framing of the question, the discovery of the critical question..... always picking the least studied and most strategically significant subjects....Marshall’s career as a strategic thinker began in 1949 at the RAND Corporation, where his theory of competitive strategies took root. Borrowing from business school theories of how corporations compete against each other, Mr. Marshall argued that nations are also in strategic competition with one another. “His favorite example was if you can pit your strengths against someone else’s weakness and get them to respond in a way that makes them weaker and weaker, you can put them out of business without ever fighting,”....He had early insight into the economic troubles the Soviet Union was having, and helped develop strategies to exacerbate those problems and help bring about the demise of the Soviet Union....In 2009, Robert M. Gates, the defense secretary at the time, asked Mr. Marshall to write a classified strategy on China with Gen. Jim Mattis, the future defense secretary.
adversaries  assessments_&_evaluations  China  China_rising  economists  éminence_grise  future  futurists  inspiration  institutional_memory  long-range  long-term  obituaries  Pentagon  policymakers  problem_framing  RAND  rising_powers  Robert_Gates  SecDef  security_&_intelligence  strategic_thinking  threats  trailblazers  uChicago 
march 2019 by jerryking
Gates Silences Strategy Talk - WSJ.com
OCTOBER 6, 2009 | WSJ | By PETER SPIEGEL and ANAND GOPAL

Defense Secretary Robert Gates on Monday called on the U.S. government's civilian and military leadership to keep their advice to President Barack Obama on Afghanistan private amid an increasingly public debate over a White House review of war strategy.

-- provide your best advice to the president candidly but privately,"
Robert_Gates  advice  howto  Hamid_Karzai  Afghanistan  Stanley_McChrystal  SecDef 
october 2011 by jerryking
Basic Training: How Gates Grew - WSJ.com
JUNE 20, 2011 | WSJ | By JULIAN E. BARNES. Basic Training: How Gates Grew
Robert_Gates  lessons_learned  SecDef 
june 2011 by jerryking
The Gates Farewell Warning
MAY 28, 2011 |- WSJ.com |..As Reagan knew, America's global
power begins at home, with a strong economy able to generate wealth. The
push for defense cuts reflects the reality of a weak recovery and a
national debt that has doubled in the last two years. But the Obama
Administration made a conscious decision to squeeze defense while
pouring money on everything else.
***"More perhaps than any other Secretary of Defense, I have been a
strong advocate of soft power—of the critical importance of diplomacy
and development as fundamental components of our foreign policy and
national security," Mr. Gates said at Notre Dame. "But make no mistake,
the ultimate guarantee against the success of aggressors, dictators and
terrorists in the 21st century, as in the 20th, is hard power—the size,
strength and global reach of the United States military."
Robert_Gates  speeches  Pentagon  soft_power  debt  editorials  rogue_actors  U.S._military  hard_power  SecDef 
may 2011 by jerryking
U.S., China to Rebuild Military Ties - WSJ.com
SEPTEMBER 29, 2010 | Wall Street Journal | By ADAM ENTOUS. U.S., China To Rebuild Military Relations
PLA  maritime  security_&_intelligence  U.S.foreign_policy  Pentagon  China  Robert_Gates  Taiwan  SecDef 
september 2010 by jerryking
Be More Like Ike: Republicans should heed Robert Gates
August 16, 2010 | Newsweek | by Fareed Zakaria. "Robert
Gates’s latest efforts at reforming the Pentagon are modest. He is not
trying to cut the actual defense budget; he merely wants to increase
efficiency while reducing bureaucracy, waste, and duplication. The
savings he is trying to achieve are perfectly reasonable: $100 billion
over five years, during which period the Pentagon will spend
approximately $3.5 trillion. And yet he has aroused intense opposition
from the usual suspects—defense contractors, lobbyists, the military
bureaucracy, and hawkish commentators. He faces spirited opposition from
his own party, but it is the Republicans, not Gates, who are abandoning
their party’s best traditions in defense strategy."
Robert_Gates  Pentagon  Fareed_Zakaria  conservatism  GOP  cost-cutting  bureaucracies  SecDef  military-industrial_complex 
september 2010 by jerryking
http://www.newsweek.com/2010/09/12/what-gates-plans-to-do-before-he-leaves-office.print.html
September 12, 2010 | Newsweek | by John Barry and Evan Thomas.
Gates is not trying to cut the actual defense budget; he merely wants
to increase efficiency while reducing bureaucracy, waste, and
duplication.
Robert_Gates  overhead  Pentagon  efficiencies  bureaucracies  SecDef 
september 2010 by jerryking
The Transformer - By Fred Kaplan
SEPT. / OCT. 2010 | Foreign Policy | BY FRED KAPLAN
Robert_Gates  Fred_Kaplan  SecDef  Pentagon 
september 2010 by jerryking
Gates Seeks to Slash Military Bureaucracy - WSJ.com
MAY 10, 2010 | Wall Street Journal | By YOCHI J. DREAZEN.
Gates Talks of Tough Choices Ahead . Defense Secretary Robert Gates said
the U.S.'s worsening economic problems meant the Pentagon had to slash
its bloated bureaucracy and purchase cheaper weapons systems, moves that
would dramatically change the DoD's normal ways of doing business.
Gates warned that the long run-up in defense spending in the aftermath
of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks was coming to an end, forcing
the Pentagon and the nation's military services to become far more
disciplined about how they spent money on manpower and materiel.
Pentagon  Robert_Gates  cutbacks  bureaucracies  SecDef  hard_choices  military-industrial_complex 
may 2010 by jerryking
Gates Says U.S. Lacks a Policy to Thwart Iran - NYTimes.com
April 17, 2010 | New York Times | By DAVID E. SANGER and THOM
SHANKER. In an interview on Friday, General Jones declined to speak
about the memorandum. But he said: “On Iran, we are doing what we said
we were going to do. The fact that we don’t announce publicly our entire
strategy for the world to see doesn’t mean we don’t have a strategy
that anticipates the full range of contingencies — we do.”

But in his memo, Mr. Gates wrote of a variety of concerns, including the
absence of an effective strategy should Iran choose the course that
many government and outside analysts consider likely: Iran could
assemble all the major parts it needs for a nuclear weapon — fuel,
designs and detonators — but stop just short of assembling a fully
operational weapon.
Iran  Obama  Robert_Gates  memoranda  James_Jones  nuclear  contingency_planning  Michael_Mullen  David_Sanger  SecDef 
april 2010 by jerryking
Lockheed Eyes Broader Role in Liberia Under Government's "Smart Power" Plan - WSJ.com
MARCH 21, 2010 | Wall Street Journal | by By AUGUST COLE.
Defense Industry Pursues Gold in 'Smart Power' Deals. The U.S.
government is hiring the defense contractors to test an emerging tenet
of its security policy. Called "smart power," it blends military might
with nation-building activities, in hopes of boosting political
stability and American influence in far-flung corners such as Liberia.
Secretaries Clinton and Gates have called for more funding and more
emphasis on our soft power, and I could not agree with them more," Adm.
Mullen said. "Should we choose to exert American influence solely
through our troops, we should expect to see that influence diminish in
time." The economic and political tenets of smart power are in many ways
a modern extension of past U.S. foreign endeavors such as the Marshall
Plan that helped rebuild Europe after World War II.
Lockheed  security_&_intelligence  Michael_Mullen  nation_building  Africa  soft_power  Liberia  U.S.foreign_policy  SecDef  Robert_Gates 
march 2010 by jerryking
Robert Gates - Defense Secretary - International Relations - Politics - Iraq - Iran - New York Times
February 10, 2008 | New York Times | By FRED KAPLAN

* Importance of forward thinking/planning: “I learned to ask the
question, What’s Chapter 2?” he said. “If we do this, what will they do?
Then what? Then what? Try to think two, three, four moves out.”
* Making the boss successful.
* Meetings imply an action--a policy decision.
security_&_intelligence  profile  meetings  action-oriented  Robert_Gates  anticipating  Fred_Kaplan  forward_looking  managing_up  APNSA  SecDef 
april 2009 by jerryking

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