jerryking + doug_saunders   80

Can we ever knock down the walls of the wealthy ghetto?
Jul. 15, 2017 | The Globe and Mail | DOUG SAUNDERS.

Fifty-two years ago, sociologist John Porter demonstrated, in his bestseller The Vertical Mosaic, that Canada's economy, its politics and its culture were controlled by a cloistered elite from the same schools and neighbourhoods, and only 3 per cent of Canadians had any access to this circle. Social mobility has improved dramatically thanks to half a century of immigration, growth and better social policies. But the top ranks remain closed and self-protective.

There are two factors in particular that make Canada's cycle of privilege a closed loop that excludes outsiders.

The first is Canada's lack of an inheritance tax. Estates (including houses) are taxed as income upon their owner's death, then can be passed on to children – removing incentives to put that wealth to better and more productive use. As a result, the higher rungs on the ladder are less open to people who have developed creative, profitable companies and ideas, and more so to people who have simply had the right parents.

The second is Canada's lax policy on private schools. The 6 per cent of Canadians who attend fee-charging schools are overwhelmingly there because their families are wealthy (studies show that their advantages are entirely found in their connections, not in their academic performance).
Canada  Canadians  high_net_worth  privilege  Doug_Saunders  cumulative  social_mobility  social_classes  private_schools  inheritance_tax  elitism  compounded  inequality  geographic_sorting  college-educated  super_ZIPs  self-perpetuation  upper-income 
july 2017 by jerryking
Our Trump moment might not be so white - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Feb. 18, 2017

Could Trump happen here in Canada? .....We like to think not. Canadians are more attuned to diversity, less prone to ethnic nationalism. Our parliamentary system prevents demagogues from gaining a foothold. And we’ve generally voted for moderate parties of centre-right or centre-left.

Better to ask: When it happens, what will it look like? Being Canada, if the new extremism catches on here, it probably won’t have the same complexion.....This week, the marketing agency Edelman released its annual “Trust Barometer” survey under the headline Canada At Populism, Trust Crisis Tipping Point. That might be an overstatement, but their numbers do show a rise in the same factors that have led Americans, French and Britons to support Mr. Trump, Marine Le Pen and the Brexit politicians.

The survey found large and growing numbers (eight in 10) believing that distant “elites” are out of touch with regular Canadians and are causing harm; almost half believe that “globalization” is hurting Canada; more than a quarter fear immigrants rather than regarding them as neighbours. And, tellingly, on trust in institutions (government, media, business) there is a 15-per-cent gap – twice as high as last year – between the “informed public” and the “mass population.”....Since the eighties, new Canadians and their families have tended to live in the low-cost, poorly transit-connected high-rise suburbs; they are more likely to be excluded from the housing boom and the secure new-economy jobs that have buoyed Canada; they are generally not white. Mr. Ford spoke their specific language of outsider resentment; he stoked the anger felt by many marginal Caribbean, African, South Asian and East Asian Canadians, and worked their Evangelical and Pentecostal churches. He knew their sense of exclusion could be turned into angry intolerance and he gave his voters a mythic “them” to be angry about. And it worked.......This doesn’t mean minorities in Canada have turned to the far right – they haven’t, any more than anyone else has. It does mean that anger and exclusion and paranoia in Canada, and even racial intolerance and xenophobia in Canada, are just as likely to entrap minority Canadians. The places where I most often hear overtly pro-Trump opinions are on Toronto’s black-music radio station or in the suburban flea markets: His outsider message works there....Canada has traditionally avoided extremism by offering hope: If you start on the bottom rung, you can make it higher. But the second and third rungs are no longer so secure. If they fail, we could wind up electing the world’s most diverse form of self-destructive intolerance.
Doug_Saunders  Donald_Trump  Rob_Ford  ethnic_communities  Toronto  Canada  Edelman  racial_resentment 
february 2017 by jerryking
In 1967, the birth of modern Canada - The Globe and Mail

1967 is the hinge upon which modern Canadian history turns and, in certain respects, the key to understanding the challenges of the next half-century.

Today, we live in the country shaped by the decisions and transformations of 1967, far more than by the events of 1867.

Let me make the case, then, that 1967 was Canada’s first good year. We should spend this year celebrating not the 150 th year of Confederation, but the 50th birthday of the new Canada.

But let me also make the case that our conventional story about the birth of second-century Canada is largely wrong. We like to believe that starting in the late 1960s, a series of political decisions, parliamentary votes, court rulings and royal commissions descended upon an innocent, paternalistic, resource-economy Canada and forced upon it an awkward jumble of novelties: non-white immigration, bilingualism, multiculturalism, refugees, indigenous nationhood, liberation of women and gays, the seeds of free trade, individual rights, religious diversity.

But the explosions of official novelty that were launched in and around 1967 weren’t a cause; they were an effect of profound changes that had taken place in Canadians themselves during the two decades after the war, in their thinking and their composition and their attitude toward their country, in Quebec and English Canada and in indigenous communities.

There is a solid line leading from the events of 1967 to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982: It was impossible to have a Canada of multiple peoples, as we discovered was necessary in the late 1960s, without having a Canada of individual people and their rights.

....Individual rights, Quebecois consciousness, indigenous shared-sovereignty status and cultural plurality weren’t the only inevitable outcomes of the 1967 moment. What Canada witnessed over the next two decades was a self-reinforcing spiral of events that often sprung directly from the centennial-era awakening of a postcolonial consciousness.
Doug_Saunders  anniversaries  1967  nostalgia  nationalism  '60s  turning_points  centenaries  pride  Pierre_Berton  Canada  Canada150  national_identity  aboriginals  postcolonial  symbolism  John_Diefenbaker  Lester_Pearson  multiculturalism  Quebecois  Quiet_Revolution  monoculturalism  land_claim_settlements  immigration  royal_commissions  sesquicentennial  Charter_of_Rights_and_Freedoms  Confederation  retrospectives 
january 2017 by jerryking
Why black Canadians are facing U.S.-style problems - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Jul. 16, 2016

What’s the root of this discrimination, which takes place even when officials are racially diverse and liberal-minded? In part, it’s institutional path dependency: Police and judges have always responded to suspects based on traditional patterns (and on patterns learned from the U.S. media and justice system), and it’s hard to break those ugly traditions.

That’s dangerous, because black Canadians are also inordinately excluded from home ownership, neighbourhoods with good public transit and key employment markets. That’s partly due to the timing and economic circumstances of Caribbean immigration, partly due to racism.

Either way, it creates a spiral of discrimination: A group of Canadians who live in fringe rental-only neighbourhoods, with less secure employment and access to resources, who face a more hostile police and justice system, hurting their chances of advancement.
African_Canadians  Canadian  Doug_Saunders  geographic_segregation  racial_disparities  systemic_discrimination  systemic_racism  racial_discrimination  institutional_path_dependency  exclusion  marginalization 
july 2016 by jerryking
It's time to erect the anti-Trump cordon - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Jun. 11, 2016

Cordon sanitaire-- in the face of an extremist electoral threat to the physical safety of minority groups, there is an agreement among the major political parties, morally serious candidates, voters and the media to come together to prevent the extremist politician’s campaign from becoming a normal part of the political process.
Donald_Trump  Campaign_2016  cordon_sanitaire  extremism  Doug_Saunders 
june 2016 by jerryking
Obama is ending his presidency with a bang - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Aug. 08, 2015
Doug_Saunders  Obama  legacies 
august 2015 by jerryking
A half-century of progress and black America’s still burning - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, May. 09 2015

When it comes to race relations, America is better than it’s ever been,” the Washington journalist Jamelle Bouie writes. “With that said, we shouldn’t confuse optimism about race relations (or, again, how whites view blacks and other groups) with optimism about racial progress, or how groups fare in relation to each other. There, the news isn’t just bad – it’s bleak.”

Why have the huge improvements in American racial attitudes and general social measures not brought about an improvement in racial equality? Why do police attack and discriminate against black Americans disproportionately – even when, as is the case in Baltimore, most of the police force, its chief, its mayor and its president are African-American?

This is the paradox of the United States today: A population of voters and leaders who have largely moved beyond racial discrimination continue to produce often grotesquely racist results. Why does the reality not change with the attitudes toward it?

The answer is found in the cities and towns where these explosions of violence and deprivation are taking place: Once an institution (a city, a police force, a school system, an economy) is set up to create a racial divide, it will continue to do so, regardless who’s running it, unless there’s a dramatic intervention.
Doug_Saunders  African-Americans  race_relations  institutions  institutional_path_dependency  systemic_discrimination  disproportionality  institutional_racism  deprivations 
may 2015 by jerryking
Hasta la vista, employment - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, May. 02 2015

Next week, right on time, will see the publication of Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future, by the Silicon Valley software guru Martin Ford. It doesn’t mention Mr. Rifkin, but it argues that new, even smarter technology is now impinging on the medical and educational work forces.

Our era “will be defined by a fundamental shift in the relationship between workers and machines,” Mr. Ford writes. “That shift will ultimately challenge one of our most basic assumptions about technology: That machines are tools that increase the productivity of workers. Instead, machines themselves are turning into workers, and the line between the capability of labour and capital is blurring as never before.” As a result, he concludes in a déjà vu-inducing passage, “the virtuous feedback loop between productivity, rising wages and increasing consumer spending will collapse.”
Doug_Saunders  unemployment  middle_class  productivity  consumer_spending  books  joblessness  automation  robotics  artificial_intelligence 
may 2015 by jerryking
Our East-West lines are just artifices - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Feb. 14 2015
Doug_Saunders  Russia 
february 2015 by jerryking
Anti-austerity looks less cartoonish by the day - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Jan. 31 2015

Greece has overwhelmingly elected a government run by the left-wing, anti-austerity coalition Syriza. New Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras tellingly described the country’s bailout program, which directs the devastated Greek economy entirely toward debt repayment at any cost, as “fiscal waterboarding” and said he will demand a writedown of the debt.
Greece  elections  austerity  Doug_Saunders  Greek  stimulus  debt  debt_foregiveness  structural_change 
february 2015 by jerryking
That’s the puzzle of sanctions - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Dec. 06 2014

sanctions: When they work, subjected citizens see themselves as victims not of the sanctions themselves, but of the dubious leaders who triggered them. Getting that message right isn’t easy. It’s the medal-winning manoeuvre of modern economic warfare.
Doug_Saunders  sanctions  economic_warfare 
december 2014 by jerryking
Is Islamic State the best possible enemy? - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Aug. 23 2014
ISIS  Doug_Saunders 
august 2014 by jerryking
MH17: Putin’s four big excuses - The Globe and Mail
Doug Saunders
MH17: Putin’s four big excuses Add to ...
The Globe and Mail
Published Friday, Jul. 18 2014
Doug_Saunders  MH17  Vladimir_Putin 
july 2014 by jerryking
Why Congress, India’s political elephant, fell from grace - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, May. 17 2014

The world’s political elephants are slowly dying off – those huge, all-encompassing political parties that dominated nations for decades.

If there was any doubt that the age of the mega-party is over, observe the fall of grace this week of the mighty Indian National Congress. It is the world’s most elephantine political party; no other is so large, so old, so possessed of long memory, so respected for its stability and grace, and so plodding, slow-moving and changeless....What unites these parties is that they were generally celebrated for having ushered in their countries’ independence, then provided people with security against outside threats, oversaw the establishment of industry and the birth of a middle class, and provided at least some unity among competing clans, faiths and factions. Then, they stalled and turned inward.

Most became protective of their ruling families and cossetted bureaucracies, employing the language of progressive change to deliver regressive stagnation.
Doug_Saunders  India  politics  ANC  clans  bureaucracies 
may 2014 by jerryking
Why some see big potential in tiny farms - The Globe and Mail
Doug Saunders

Oxford, England — The Globe and Mail

Published Saturday, Apr. 12 2014,

TechnoServe, a long-established Washington-based non-profit whose 1,400 employees provide technical assistance to small developing-world farmers....Those small farmers don’t produce much food in part because they can’t afford to buy decent seeds and fertilizer. They can’t afford seeds or fertilizer because they can’t borrow money based on their future crop sales. And, Mr. Masha notes, that’s because lending them money can be so expensive: Interest rates on tiny loans are already, by definition, very high; add to that the cost of servicing loans across regions, and the considerable cost of hedging those loans against volatile developing-world currencies, and, he says, “you’ve priced them right out of the credit market.”

Banks and micro-credit agencies are also reluctant to lend because small farmers often have no collateral: Property ownership is ambiguous and few countries have small-claims courts to deal with defaults. (Brazil, an exception, owes a lot of its development success to the creation of such institutions.)

While the potential in these farms is huge, few want to take the risk of building agricultural supply and value chains in the developing world. Such investments take many years to generate returns, which tend to be very modest – rendering them uninteresting to corporations and venture capitalists, but increasingly appealing to Chinese state enterprises and a few people with local knowledge.
smallholders  farming  agriculture  size  scaling  Doug_Saunders  TechnoServe  poverty  tacit_data  supply_chains  value_chains  fertilizers  seeds  SOEs  China  interest_rates  microfinance  microlending  property_ownership  developing_countries  institutions 
april 2014 by jerryking
Why some countries are winning and others are losing in school rankings - The Globe and Mail
Why some countries are winning and others are losing in school rankings Add to ...
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The Globe and Mail

Published Tuesday, Dec. 03 2013,
rankings  high_schools  mathematics  Doug_Saunders  PISA  test-score_data 
december 2013 by jerryking
Fear the military with a timetable of its own - The Globe and Mail
Doug Saunders

The Globe and Mail

Published Saturday, Nov. 30 2013

We used to think that wars were triggered by heated tribal animosities, by the hubris of madmen, by struggles for resources or by powerful economic forces. None of these ideas have been much use in explaining the wars of the past century. All of them were swept away, during my student years, by the new concept formulated by British historian A.J.P. Taylor: the “timetable theory.”

Studying the First World War, Mr. Taylor found that none of Europe’s political leaders had sought a larger war, nor did it serve any of their national interests to enter one. But their huge military bureaucracies had drawn elaborate, clockwork plans to mobilize millions of soldiers on multiple fronts at short notice, and a minor confrontation in Bosnia set all these plans in motion on a continental scale.

This theory is given its ultimate test in Margaret MacMillan’s new book The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914, in which the Oxford University historian provides a definitive (and gripping) examination of the factors that led Europe into 30 years of largely unnecessary war. The timetable theory remains important though not crucial to her interpretation, but Dr. MacMillan adds a new dimension.

The danger, she finds, is a military that sees itself as autonomous from the country’s political leadership and civil service, combined with political leaders who are weak, self-interested or too eager to acquiesce to the military’s demands.
Doug_Saunders  timelines  WWI  Margaret_MacMillan  books  clockwork  history  bureaucracies  national_interests 
december 2013 by jerryking
Four reasons why the Iran deal really matters - The Globe and Mail
Doug Saunders
Four reasons why the Iran deal really matters Add to ...
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The Globe and Mail

Published Monday, Nov. 25 2013,
Doug_Saunders  Iran  nuclear  negotiations 
november 2013 by jerryking
Syria has blown a region-wide political crater -
Sep. 07 2013 | The Globe and Mail |Doug Saunders

Istanbul — The Globe and Mail

Published Saturday,
Doug_Saunders  Syria 
september 2013 by jerryking
A new challenge for the new Mandelas
Jun. 29 2013 | The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders.

Most of this improvement is propelled by the continent’s extremely rapid economic growth. Economies and real incomes have grown about 5 per cent annually for most of the past decade, and are now beating China and are projected to grow even faster in the coming years. At least some of this is reaching the people: Three out of four Africans now own a cellphone, a significant possession in poor countries.

All this being said, there is a disturbing lack of more lasting progress on the ground. It has become popular to claim that there are now 300 million “middle-class consumers” in Africa, almost a third of the population. This is not true in any meaningful way.

“Across Africa,” Ghanaian businessman Bright Simons wrote recently in the Harvard Business review, “incomes are rising fastest among those engaged in brokering trade in goods and services across fragmented markets … These people are rarely well-educated, though, and they share none of the cultural traits seen in the West and Asia as prerequisite to middle-class life.” Meanwhile, young and educated Africans are unable to earn anything close to the incomes that would be considered “middle class” elsewhere.

In other words, almost nobody in Africa is actually middle class: most countries are sharply polarized between a very wealthy elite and a poor who, while rising just above the level of hand-to-mouth poverty, are still unable to purchase more than the most rudimentary goods....Africa’s problems are largely self-created. Much of the continent’s new wealth comes from resource extraction (which is twice the size of any other industry). But, with a few important exceptions, governments remain unable or unwilling to keep much of this wealth within their borders or use it to create other, more lasting economies.

Now that Africa is close to solving the old problems of absolute poverty and democratic stability, it needs to overcome the new challenge of creating a real middle class – a challenge that will require another generation of Mandelas.
Doug_Saunders  Africa  middle_class  movingonup  natural_resources  resource_extraction  commodities  cultural_values  leaders  politicians  fragmented_markets 
june 2013 by jerryking
Is your wardrobe killing Bangladeshis, or saving them? - The Globe and Mail
Apr. 27 2013 |The Globe and Mail | DOUG SAUNDERS.

1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, in which 146 Jewish and Italian immigrants, many under 18, roasted or plunged to their deaths after the owner of the Manhattan clothing factory ignored fire-safety warnings and locked workers inside...led to a changing of the shape of North American cities, factories and working lives: It’s the reason why fire-escape stairs and sprinklers are now ubiquitous; it’s also part of the reason why blue-collar wages, working conditions and child-labour laws improved in the decades that followed, creating the last great period of upward mobility.

There’s good reason to hope for a similar transformation in Bangladesh – especially if consumers demand high standards from their brands, as they have done with considerable success in China.

Garment-factory w orkers in Bangladesh, China, India, Mexico and other corners of the developing world are not victims. They have sought out this work, and they want to be agents of their own fate. They often get a raw deal, but they’re enduring these jobs because the jobs are an improvement over any other alternative – and their engagement with the West’s consumer markets can be the vehicle to greater empowerment.
Doug_Saunders  Bangladesh  Loblaws  exploitation  apparel  unintended_consequences  workplaces  safety  developing_countries 
may 2013 by jerryking
First, they came for the smokers ...
Jun. 05 2004 | The Globe and Mail | by DOUG SAUNDERS.

Toronto this week became the latest city to force-sanitize its people, in a total butt ban that has managed to erase two years of pot cafés and gay weddings and restore its reputation as the City of Grey Displeasure.

Why have so many Canadians, who are not at all anti-pleasure zealots, allowed this petty tyranny to take place? Well, because most Canadians, like me, don't smoke. But why, then, didn't a whole lot of us pink-lunged abstainers stand up for the rights of our nicotine-besotted friends and relatives -- not to endorse their habit, but to suggest that perhaps they shouldn't be forbidden from being indoors with us?

Because that's not the Canadian way. We consider ourselves a tolerant people, above all else, but at the end of the day, our tolerance extends only to people who are just like us. Canadians, over and over, fail to raise a finger for people who may not share their views and customs. To most of the world, this would be called intolerance.

The failure of non-smokers to speak up for smokers fits into a long and depressing trend. Smoking is a small and petty example. But in recent years, Canadians have been subjected to an alarming sequence of laws that place menacing limits on expression, political behaviour and the rights of ideological and religious minorities. Why was this so easy? Because we did the dividing in advance, so the conquering could be so much easier.
Doug_Saunders  nanny_state  intolerance 
march 2013 by jerryking
Doug Saunders: Killer quinoa? Time to debunk these urban food myths - The Globe and Mail
Jan. 19 2013 |The Globe and Mail |by Doug Saunders.

Behind the killer-quinoa meme you’ll find three modern fallacies of food. First is the idea that success must be bad for the poor. Surely, we think, the quinoa-eating people of the Andes are going to be hurt if they can no longer afford their own crop. There is the second fallacy: That people are better off consuming food grown near them. The “locavore” ideology holds that Montrealers should eat Quebec potatoes and people in La Paz should consume quinoa – and that if they don’t, because their success has made it expensive, they should be forced to eat some other local crop.

But why wouldn’t they use the rising incomes to purchase imported beans, rice, cheese and chicken? In fact, this is exactly what they do. Food is expensive everywhere this year; Peruvians and Bolivians are economizing....That leads to the third fallacy of food: Authenticity. The Incas ate quinoa centuries ago, so their descendants should. Now the whole world wants to eat their healthy crop, and they’re turning to chicken. Doesn’t that somehow make them less authentically Andean?

I have relatives on the Nova Scotian side of my family who can remember when lobster was strictly for the dirt-poor – in the eyes of better-off maritimers, it was akin to eating insects.
quinoa  Doug_Saunders  myths  food 
february 2013 by jerryking
Canada’s African adventure takes a colonial turn - The Globe and Mail
Feb. 02 2013 | The Globe and Mail | by DOUG SAUNDERS.

Even though Ottawa had shifted its foreign-aid focus away from Africa a few years ago, the government has come back in force, with a new large-scale aid strategy in which its agencies work with resource companies, alongside charities and private aid groups, in a way that, in the words of International Co-operation Minister Julian Fantino, “addresses social and environmental issues of extractive sector development” and helps countries “use resource rents and investment to spur economic diversification in local communities, often focused on agricultural and agribusiness development.” It makes some sense: Canada ought to be providing this sort of aid to the people it’s contacting – sometimes beneficially, sometimes otherwise – with its resource-taking activities.

But the end effect is that Canada has landed in Africa in a big way: tearing up the land, building new towns, creating roads and pipelines and airports, and bringing in new forms of government and administration to create new economies and enforce human rights and democratic standards.

This bears a strong resemblance to what the military calls counterinsurgency: To make the local population tolerate your forceful acts and embrace your cause, you win over their hearts and minds by building roads, schools, water supplies and better farms. In the process, though, you become something like a colonial government.

Canada, not yet fully free from its own years as a colony, is far from comfortable with this role. We ought to find some other name, and some other shape, for our African project.
Africa  counterinsurgency  CSR  economic_development  economic_diversification  natural_resources  mining  Canada  Doug_Saunders  foreign_aid  corruption  oil_industry  engineering  colonialism  large-scale  resource_extraction 
february 2013 by jerryking
Doug Saunders: Peak Oil? More like Peak Canada - The Globe and Mail

LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. — The Globe and Mail

Published Saturday, Nov. 17 2012
peak_oil  overconfidence  Doug_Saunders 
february 2013 by jerryking
What kind of nation is a first nation? We need to decide
Doug Saunders

The Globe and Mail (includes correction)

Published Saturday, Jan. 12 2013,

Whatever form it takes, an indigenous nation will generally be what is known as a rentier state: its degree of independence hinges on the extent to which it can extract natural-resource and property rents from its land, as well as grants from outside. So environmentalists who have joined this movement in hopes that sovereign native bands will be better ecological stewards than Ottawa may be disappointed: The most independent and successful post-Indian Act nations could well resemble other post-colonial states with natural resources. The Inuit of Greenland, for example, have concluded that their independence from Denmark can best be achieved through aggressive deep-sea oil drilling.
Doug_Saunders  aboriginals  national_identity  resource_extraction  natives  disappointment  natural_resources  rent-seeking  Greenland  ethno­nationalism 
january 2013 by jerryking
Conservatives face new reality: Embrace immigrants and gays, or lose power - The Globe and Mail
Dec. 26 2012 | The Globe and Mail | DOUG SAUNDERS
Conservative analysts in many countries watched the Republican presidential candidate decisively lose last month, and were then horrified to learn that his party had largely disappeared from the electoral landscape because it had been abandoned by visible minorities, religious minorities, young women and well-off urbanites.

Then they examined their own voting base. Ms. Merkel’s Christian Democrats have lost elections in 18 of the 20 largest German cities during the past two years. Those four million Muslims had remained loyal to the Social Democrats and the Greens, whose co-leader, Cem Ozdemir, is from a Turkish family. Britain’s Prime Minister has expressed fear at the Conservatives’ image as “the nasty party,” and watched chunks of the younger, more urban electorate shift to Labour despite its weak leadership.

They realized something significant: A new generation of voters has come of age in most Western countries, and they simply don’t care about the old hot-button conservative warnings on minorities, gays and birth control. They’ve grown up with ethnic and sexual minorities around them and don’t have the taste for identity politics.
conservatism  Angela_Merkel  Doug_Saunders  Germany  identity_politics 
december 2012 by jerryking
In case you missed it: This is the ‘African century’ - The Globe and Mail
Doug Saunders

The Globe and Mail

Published Saturday, Nov. 24 2012

After decades of rising poverty and malnutrition, Africa is moving the other way: For the first time since 1981, fewer than half of Africans live in absolute poverty (defined as an income of less than $1.24 per day). About three million Africans a year escape absolute poverty.
Africa  Doug_Saunders 
november 2012 by jerryking
Elect your local hypocrite
June 12, 2004 | G&M | Doug Saunders.

Hypocrisy now has the backing of science. Keith Stanovich, a cognitive scientist at the University of Toronto, has built a strong scientific case in defence of hypocn'sy

Mr. Stanovich, in his fascinating book The Robot's Rebellion, defines hypocrisy as the collision of first-order and second-order thought. First-order thought consists of the basic, animal desires promoted by our genes — reproduction, self-preservation, mate-finding, nest-building, self-aggrandizement and personal defence

People whose thoughts are mostly first-order are known as wantons: Their personal desires and aspirations are their only goals, and their principles consist of remaking the world to suit those goals People who vote for right-wing parties entirely because they want to pay less tax are wantons. So are people who vote for left-wing parties just because they want their organizations to get more grants.

Second-order thought looks beyond personal needs into rational calculations of larger principles and goals: If I give up this desire right now, it says, we all could be better off. It is higher, more principled intelligence. It constantly battles with our first-order desires, tending to require an even higher order of thought to reconcile those collisions. in Mr. Stanovich's system, the people who engage in this kind of thinking are known as strong evaluators.
Hypocrisy is a product of strong evaluation.
Doug_Saunders  decision_making  politics  hypocrisy  thinking  political_expediency  instant_gratification  delayed_gratification  wisdom  books  first-order  second-order  tradeoffs  self-preservation  mate-finding  nest-building  self-aggrandizement 
september 2012 by jerryking
Tear down those mountains of cash
Jul. 21 2012 | The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders.

Corporations/multinationals are hoarding cash, which is strange, because this should be a great time for companies to invest: low prices, low interest rates, cheaper labour costs. A sensible company would build up cash during boom times – when investments are more expensive – and spend it during recessions, when consumer demand is weak and capital is cheap....Saunders argues for taxing those cash reserves.
Doug_Saunders  debt  cash_reserves  multinationals  interest_rates  idle_funds 
july 2012 by jerryking
Racial equality looks different from behind bars - The Globe and Mail
Jun. 09 2012 | The Globe and Mail | by Doug Saunders.

What if the statistics are wrong? What if, instead of solving its greatest social problem, the United States has quite literally removed the victims of inequality from public records and put them in a box?...All of the data used to measure the social well-being of the country, from the national census on downward, is collected by surveying households. It does not count anyone who is not in a household – that is, who is in military service, in medical institutions or in prison....starting with the hyperbolic sentencing policies of Ronald Reagan, the U.S. prison system expanded at an astonishing rate. Before, prison was for violent and repeat offenders. After the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 broadened its use, the prison population expanded fivefold....Prison has now supplanted education and welfare as the main social service provided to the disenfranchised. Blacks are seven times more likely than whites to be in prison. It’s self-perpetuating, because imprisonment increases rates of criminality, poverty, educational failure and family breakup.

But Americans do not see these effects. Prisoners don’t appear on the census, the unemployment-rate, educational-attainment records or the voting rolls.

What happens if you include them? That is exactly what Dr. Pettit has done in her new book, Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress...There genuinely have been great gains for black Americans with education. But instead of expanding these gains, the United States has used prisons to freeze half the black population out of them. Canada is in danger of doing the same to its native population under new tough-on-crime laws – and as the U.S. example shows, sticking a country’s social problems in a box does not make them go away.
race_relations  African-Americans  statistics  prisons  undercounting  incarceration  Doug_Saunders  books  racial_disparities  mass_incarceration  myths  self-perpetuation 
june 2012 by jerryking
Don’t blame microcredit – blame its distortion - The Globe and Mail
Doug Saunders | Columnist profile | E-mail
London— From Saturday's Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Mar. 17, 2012
microfinance  Doug_Saunders 
may 2012 by jerryking
China won’t be riding to the rescue any time soon - The Globe and Mail
Doug Saunders | Columnist profile | E-mail
London— From Saturday's Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Nov. 19, 2011
Doug_Saunders  China 
november 2011 by jerryking
New urban design plays a heady game of risk
Mar 12, 2005 | The Globe and Mail pg. F.3|
Doug Saunders.

The slogan of the new movement that is overtaking Europe's cities: "To make it safe, you need to make it dangerous." Iain Borden, director of the Bartlett School of Architecture in London and a leader of this new movement. Its members recently published an intriguing report titled "What Are We Scared of: The Value of Risk in Designing Public Space."

In recent months, a school of architects and urban planners has picked up disparate cues from the urban experiments taking place in northern Europe and given them a name -- risk. Our cities, they believe, are now designed predominantly to minimize risk, and this has made them dull, homogeneous, repetitious and, paradoxically, often quite dangerous.

(Risk is more than an intellectual puzzle — it invokes a profoundly physical experience. A small amount of danger surrounding the use of public spaces might act much like a vaccine immunizing the population against complacency).
Doug_Saunders  urban  design  risks  safety  public_spaces  counterintuitive  urban_planning  uncertainty  complacency  biology  psychology  dangers  life_skills  coming-of-age  risk-assessment  high-risk  low-risk  soul-enriching  physical_experiences 
october 2011 by jerryking
A Palestinian state is Israel’s best path to security


From Saturday's Globe and Mail

Last updated Friday, Sep. 23, 2011
Doug_Saunders  Israel  Mideast_Peace  Palestinian 
september 2011 by jerryking
The importance of national shame - The Globe and Mail
DOUG SAUNDERS | Columnist profile | E-mail
From Saturday's Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Apr. 09, 2011
Doug_Saunders  atonement  apologies  shame 
april 2011 by jerryking
Look east and south: Witness the end of post-colonialism -
jan 8, 2011 The Globe and Mail Doug Saunders | Columnist profile | E-mail
London— From Saturday's Globe and Mail
Doug_Saunders  Brazil 
january 2011 by jerryking
Don’t outlaw human smugglers – drive them out of business
Dec. 4, 2010 | The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders.
We can drive the worst of the smugglers (who are also the most
expensive) out of business by making our legitimate pathways work as
they should. This efficiency doesn’t raise the number of refugees coming
in; rather, by killing the market for private-sector alternatives, it
can reduce them....Canada has less of a problem than other countries in
large part because we know how to pre-empt the smugglers at their own
racket. The largest “smuggling” operation in this country is the one
overseen by the Department of Citizenship, Immigration and
Multiculturalism, in which Ottawa authorizes private agents (i.e.,
charities and church groups) to bring in 11,000 sponsored refugees from
United Nations camps every year. The minister, Jason Kenney, a huge
proponent of the program and its record of integration success, raised
the number this summer by 2,000 more. This does more to make smuggling
marginal than any further criminalization would.
human_trafficking  Doug_Saunders  problems  outlaws  problem_solving  migrants  illicit  piracy  pre-emption  smuggling 
december 2010 by jerryking
Inuit of Greenland have weather on their side
Oct. 02, 2010 | The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders. To the
mainly Inuit people of Greenland, global warming is a gift from the
heavens, and not just for the obvious reason. These children of hunters
and fishermen have, for much of the past century, lived a version of the
humiliating life of dependence that has befallen most of the ex-nomadic
peoples of the world, struggling to hold on to traditions while living
in enforced and subsidized marginality.

The retreating ice is salvation: It opens fields of treasure and
promises to end that humiliation. Among the many troubled ex-nomads of
the world, the Inuit of Greenland have the atmosphere on their side.
Greenland  Artic  Inuit  climate_change  Doug_Saunders  humiliation 
october 2010 by jerryking
Review: Arrival City: The Final Migration and Our Next World, by Doug Saunders
Sep. 25, 2010 | Globe & Mail | Review by Mark Kingwell of
Arrival City: The Final Migration and Our Next World, by Doug Saunders,
Knopf Canada, 368 pgs., $34.95. Saunders, the European bureau chief for
the G&M, has surveyed a series of 20 urban areas around the world,
from Liu Gong Li and North Mumbai to South LA and Toronto’s Thorncliffe
Park, in order to understand “the final migration.” Most humans on the
planet now live in cities, and over the next decades another 1/4 to a
1/3 of the world will join them. Saunders calls this shift the most
decisive social and cultural change since the Enlightenment and its
legacies, including the French and Industrial revolutions, and it is
difficult to deny it. Urban migration has not just been massive; it is
proving to be one-way, fast and final with consequences affecting
everything from governance systems and financial markets to climate
conditions and fuel resources. Saunders claims that we are not paying
sufficient attention to this truth.
book_reviews  Doug_Saunders  Thorncliffe_Park  migrants  immigration  cities  urban 
september 2010 by jerryking
How slums can save the world
Sept. 25, 2010 | The Globe & Mail | Doug Saunders.
Thorncliffe Park, despite having the outward trappings (family incomes
average $20K and the poverty rate est. @ 44 %) of an ethnic ghetto, is,
and has always served as a highly successful engine of economic &
social integration, churning people out as fast as it takes them in,
constantly renewing itself with fresh arrivals. Unlike nearby Flemingdon
Park which remains isolated and violence-plagued. In neglected
neighbourhoods, people are poor because they are trapped. In a thriving
arrival city/spring-board/ or gateway communities like Thorncliffe Park,
they are moving onward--the trick being to look not at the wealth of
the residents, but at their trajectories.
Doug_Saunders  immigrants  arrival_cities  social_integration  Thorncliffe_Park  Toronto  migrants  urban  Flemingdon_Park  isolated  violence  poverty  geographic_segregation 
september 2010 by jerryking
State capitalists are having their day
Jun. 25, 2010 | The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders. "The world
is no longer a contest between the pure state and the pure market; it
is a contest between two very different state-market compacts, one free
and risky and the other restricted and regime-controlled. "
state_capitalism  Doug_Saunders  schadenfreude 
june 2010 by jerryking
No 'culture of poverty' here
June 18, 2010 | The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders
poverty  Brazil  Rio_de_Janeiro  Doug_Saunders 
june 2010 by jerryking
Force, fear keep Iran together
Jun. 12, 2010 | - The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders.
Iran  Ahmadinejad  Doug_Saunders  Revolutionary_Guards 
june 2010 by jerryking
Let's refocus: Kashmir, not Kabul
Feb. 20, 2010 | The Globe & Mail | by Doug Saunders.
Throughout most of the Afghan war, Pakistan's military had argued that,
while it was worth using its soldiers to expel the Pakistan-based
Taliban from places such as the Swat valley and North Waziristan, they
weren't interested in going after the Afghan Taliban leaders
headquartered along the border in Pakistan...The Indian threat is a
constant and popular trope in Pakistani politics. It is used by every
elected leader to gain victory, and by every military dictator to
justify seizing power. It's a national obsession.
Doug_Saunders  Pakistan  India  conspiracies 
february 2010 by jerryking
Don't bomb Iran's hopes for change
Jan. 08, 2010 | The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders
Iran  Ahmadinejad  nuclear  Doug_Saunders  Basij  IAEA  NIE 
january 2010 by jerryking
Rummy's war
Apr 5, 2003 | The Globe & Mail. pg. F.1 | Barrie McKenna & Doug Saunders. "In the highest reaches of power, the people who have
influence are the ones who bring the president solutions, not problems,"
the former White House insider explained. "When Rumsfeld says we are
going to overthrow the Taliban and I don't need 100,000 troops to do it,
and it happens, that adds to your influence."
Donald_Rumsfeld  profile  rules_of_the_game  Doug_Saunders  Iraq  indispensable  influence  problem_solving  generating_strategic_options  solutions  solution-finders 
december 2009 by jerryking
Where are the world's poor finding hope? Under the table -
May 30, 2009 | The Globe and Mail | by Doug Saunders. A
generation ago, informal work was on the fringes of the poorest and most
authoritarian countries. Now, according to a study by a group of
economists from the OECD, the majority of the world's jobs are
"informal" or officially non-existent, and that proportion is increasing
rapidly. "Informality is increasingly becoming normal," they conclude,
"not least in middle- and even high-income countries." Dr. Deepa
Narayan and her team of analysts at the World Bank have authored
"Moving Out of Poverty: Success from the Bottom Up". Are informal labour
markets a cause of rising fortunes or an unfortunate byproduct?
Doug_Saunders  informal_economy  OECD  Bottom_of_the_Pyramid  ProQuest 
june 2009 by jerryking

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