janpeuker + society   207

Michael Schindhelm | LAVAPOLIS
In einer anderen Welt waeren sie vielleicht Feinde, auf Lavapolis aber sind sie Teil eines Projekts, in dessen Zentrum die Moeglichkeit steht, unterschiedlichste Lebensentwuerfe zu verwirklichen, die sich dank dieses politischen, wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen  Experiments unaufhoerlich erneuern. Michael Schindhelm entwirft mit Lavapolis eine moegliche Zukunft, einen Ausweg aus der scheinbaren Einbahnstraße nach dem Ende aller Utopien und der Diktatur des Wirklichen, und stellt die Frage: Was ist moeglich?
future  society  urbanism  art 
7 days ago by janpeuker
For Decades, Our Coverage Was Racist. To Rise Above Our Past, We Must Acknowledge It
Incredible. National Geographic breaks down decades of racist coverage in its own archives. Wow.
history  article  society  from twitter_favs
10 days ago by janpeuker
The rise of the superstar company
In the corporate economy, it is not gender or race that matters, but class Around superstar companies, there are clusters of superstar investors and workers. Note, in particular, the rise of “pass-through” corporations, which were given even more special tax preference under the Trump tax plan. Pass-through corporations are businesses that are taxed at the individual owner’s personal tax rate. They make up 50 per cent of all total US corporate income (twice the share than in 1980) and mostly represent people working in those intellectual property-rich areas such as tech, law and finance. They also represent about 40 per cent of the rise in income inequality recorded by academics such as Thomas Piketty. 
economics  diversity  society 
5 weeks ago by janpeuker
Parable of the Polygons - a playable post on the shape of society
Small individual bias can lead to large collective bias.

Equality is an unstable equilibrium. The smallest of bias can push a whole society past the tipping point. Well, what if we taught these shapes to have zero bias? (Or if you're feeling particularly nasty today, more bias?)
psychology  society  diversity  visualization  bias 
6 weeks ago by janpeuker
Conference 'Narrating and Constructing the Beach' - ProLit PhD Program in Literature - LMU Munich
The (European) »invention of the beach«, which Alain Corbin situates approximately in the 18th century, is connected to a myriad of discourses and practices, which crystallize at, and are projected onto, the beach. In this respect, the conference will trace the manifold, changing, and at times competing representations and experiences of the beach in artwork, culture, and society as well as the many cultural imaginaries of the beach in their global and historical diversity. One focal point will concern the techniques employed to narrate, construct and reshape ›the beach‹: It is our cultural, artistic, and perceptual practices that produce the beach as an ever changing aesthetic, sociocultural, political, historical, and also geographic space. As such, the beach is at once liminal and multiple, determined by the juxtaposition of land, ocean, and sky as well as the blurring of the lines that separate them. It can turn from a representational space to a living space, and is at times perceived as a non-place or a heterotopy.

Michael Taussig - The Beach - Disappearance of the Sea
history  society  art 
6 weeks ago by janpeuker
Amazon, Berkshire, JPMorgan Link Up to Form New Health-Care Company - Bloomberg
Three corporate giants are teaming up to combat what billionaire Warren Buffett calls a “hungry tapeworm” feasting on the U.S. economy: health care.

Amazon.com Inc., Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc. and JPMorgan Chase & Co. said they plan to collaborate on a way to offer health-care services to their U.S. employees more transparently and at a lower cost. The three companies plan to set up a new independent company “that is free from profit-making incentives and constraints,” according to a short statement on Tuesday.
society  health  startup  innovation 
7 weeks ago by janpeuker
Life In The Cloud – Modern Mythology
Walk around a city these days and you might find it strangely similar to the experience of wandering around Second Life in 2007. Amidst a random assortment of malls, casinos, and nightclubs, you see avatars mulling about, frequently freezing in place as the human behind the screen does something at their terminal, or heaven forbid, irl. Now our places have been reversed, we stop in place with the screen in our hand.
society  Mobile  urbanism  marketing 
7 weeks ago by janpeuker
Ethics in Machine Learning – Roya Pakzad – Medium
The other issue is the need for collaboration between social scientists and AI researchers. You know, you can’t expect AI researchers themselves to come up with a clear understanding of fairness. Not only we need people in social sciences to collaborate with us in defining these words, but also we need to keep this collaboration all along to the end of the product research and development.

“One very important issue is the lack of a concrete definition of fairness.”
But it’s important to note that some collaborations between AI researchers and social scientists are already underway. For example, Solon Barocas (Cornell University) and Moritz Hardt at UC Berkeley have been working on the issue of defining and modeling fairness in active collaboration with social scientists.
society  ai  philosophy 
8 weeks ago by janpeuker
Parents now spend twice as much time with their children as 50 years ago - Daily chart
PARENTS these days spend a lot more time with their offspring, or at least middle-class parents do. One analysis of 11 rich countries estimates that the average mother spent 54 minutes a day caring for children in 1965 but 104 minutes in 2012. Men do less than women, but far more than men in the past: their child-caring time has jumped from 16 minutes a day to 59.

At the same time a gap has opened between working-class and middle-class parents. In 1965 mothers with and without a university education spent about the same amount of time on child care. By 2012 the more educated ones were spending half an hour more per day. The exception is France, where the stereotype of a bourgeois couple sipping wine and ignoring their remarkably well-behaved progeny appears to be accurate.
world  feminism  society  visualization 
december 2017 by janpeuker
The sorry state of Arab men - Down and out in Cairo and Beirut
Ahmed’s outlook is widely shared throughout the region, where men dominate households, parliaments and offices. Chauvinist attitudes are reflected in laws that treat women as second-class citizens. A new survey by the UN and Promundo, an advocacy group, examines Arab men’s views on male-female relations. (One of the authors, Shereen El Feki, used to write for The Economist.) It finds that around 90% of men in Egypt believe that they should have the final say on household decisions, and that women should do most of the chores.
society  religion  world 
november 2017 by janpeuker
The World's Most Toxic Value System
The more I see it in action, the more convinced I become that societies that place personal "honor" before everything else are truly cursed. This value system has ramifications that pervade the societies infested with it. It is, in my view, the most toxic value system on the planet. The term toxic is carefully chosen and meant to be taken with the utmost literalness because societies pervaded by this value system are deeply poisoned spiritually.
Thar-dominated societies aren't merely male-dominated, but subject women to extreme degrees of degradation. Part and parcel of the thar mentality is extreme paranoia
society  article  culture 
november 2017 by janpeuker
The Western Elite from a Chinese Perspective - American Affairs Journal
So I came to the UK in 2001, when I was 16 years old. Much to my surprise, I found the UK’s exam-focused educational system very similar to the one in China. What is more, in both countries, going to the “right schools” and getting the “right job” are seen as very important by a large group of eager parents. As a result, scoring well on exams and doing well in school interviews—or even the play session for the nursery or pre-prep school—become the most important things in the world. Even at the university level, the undergraduate degree from the University of Cambridge depends on nothing else but an exam at the end of the last year.
society  culture  asia 
november 2017 by janpeuker
Bob Lutz: Kiss the good times goodbye
They don't trust traditional automakers, so the only autonomous car they'd buy would have to come from Apple or Google. Only then would they trust it.

My reply was that we don't need public acceptance of autonomous vehicles at first. All we need is acceptance by the big fleets: Uber, Lyft, FedEx, UPS, the U.S. Postal Service, utility companies, delivery services. Amazon will probably buy a slew of them. These fleet owners will account for several million vehicles a year. Every few months they will order 100,000 low-end modules, 100,000 medium and 100,000 high-end. The low-cost provider that delivers the specification will get the business.

These modules won't be branded Chevrolet, Ford or Toyota. They'll be branded Uber or Lyft or who-ever else is competing in the market.

The manufacturers of the modules will be much like Nokia — basically building handsets. But that's not where the value is going to be in the future. The value is going to be captured by the companies with the fully autonomous fleets.

The end of performance

These transportation companies will be able to order modules of various sizes — short ones, medium ones, long ones, even pickup modules. But the performance will be the same for all because nobody will be passing anybody else on the highway. That is the death knell for companies such as BMW, Mercedes-Benz and Audi. That kind of performance is not going to count anymore.
travel  future  marketing  society 
november 2017 by janpeuker
China wants to give all of its citizens a score – and their rating could affect every area of their lives | The Independent
In this world, anything from defaulting on a loan to criticising the ruling party, from running a red light to failing to care for your parents properly, could cause you to lose points. And in this world, your score becomes the ultimate truth of who you are – determining whether you can borrow money, get your children into the best schools or travel abroad; whether you get a room in a fancy hotel, a seat in a top restaurant – or even just get a date.

This is not the dystopian superstate of Steven Spielberg's Minority Report, in which all-knowing police stop crime before it happens. But it could be China by 2020. It is the scenario contained in China's ambitious plans to develop a far-reaching social credit system, a plan that the Communist Party hopes will build a culture of “sincerity” and a “harmonious socialist society” where “keeping trust is glorious.”
privacy  society  asia 
october 2017 by janpeuker
How Computers Do Genocide
SHIBBOLETH MACHINES: Simulations of our machines show initial levels of apparently random behavior giving way, around generation 300, to high rates of cooperation that coincide with near-complete domination by a single machine that drives others to extinction. This enforced cooperation collapses around generation 450. From then on, the system alternates between these two extremes. Green and yellow bands correspond to eras of high and low cooperation, respectively.
Francis Fukuyama might have been thinking along these lines when he penned his end-of-history thesis in 1992. Though Fukuyama’s argument was rooted in 19th-century German philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, we might rewrite it this way: A sufficiently complex simulation of human life would terminate in a rational, liberal-democratic, and capitalist order standing against a scattered and dispersing set of enemies.
Prisoner's Dilemma Cellular Automata
ai  society  innovation 
september 2017 by janpeuker
Panic Button: Why we are retiring the app | The Engine Room
Five years later and we have many stories of successes, failures and lessons learned. It would be worrying if we didn’t; it would mean that we hadn’t really tried anything new. We are proud of what we achieved with the PACT — and the training kit that supports it — which represent an innovative approach to emergency response planning with HRDs. This has been confirmed over and over again in the feedback we have received from activists in trainings (some of the testimony from HRDs can be found here in our training diary).

Unfortunately, despite a huge collective effort, we have had to come to terms with the fact that the Panic Button app has not become the tool we hoped it would be. That’s why today we are making the painful decision, after months of pursuing all other avenues, to cease our support for the Panic Button app.
innovation  society 
september 2017 by janpeuker
Anger, Anxiety, Resentment, Stress, and Basic Humanity | Psychology Today
Basic Humanity as Motivation

More important as a motivation than a feeling, basic humanity motivates respectful, helpful, valuing, nurturing, protective, and altruistic behaviors. In adversity it motivates sacrifice. In emergency it motivates rescue.
psychology  bias  society 
august 2017 by janpeuker
The Old Are Eating the Young - Bloomberg
A final revealing measure is the concept of lifetime net tax benefit, which measures the benefits received over a person’s life by calculating the difference between all taxes paid and all the government transfers that he or she has received and will receive. A 2010 study from the International Monetary Fund found that in the U.S. the lifetime tax burden was positive (tax paid was less than benefits received) for all age cohorts above 18 years, with the largest benefit accruing to those over age 50. But the figure for future generations is negative (benefits received will be less than taxes paid), meaning they’ll have to meet the obligations of their elders.
economics  future  society 
june 2017 by janpeuker
The Cheapest Generation - The Atlantic
Young people prize “access over ownership,” said Sheryl Connelly, head of global consumer trends at Ford. “I don’t think car-buying for Millennials will ever be what it was for Boomers. But we know if they have the opportunity to drive Ford, they’re more likely to choose Ford if they buy a car.”
Project -> Product (Service) -> Process -> Progress
marketing  society  history  agile 
june 2017 by janpeuker
The Amazon-Walmart Showdown That Explains the Modern Economy - The New York Times
If retail were the only industry becoming more concentrated, it would be one thing. But a relative few winners are taking a disproportionate share of business in a wide range of industries, including banking, airlines and telecommunications. A study by the Obama White House’s Council of Economic Advisers found that in 12 of 13 industry sectors, the share of revenue earned by the 50 largest firms rose between 1997 and 2012.

That in turn may help explain why the income gap has widened in recent years. Essentially, the corporate world is bifurcating between winners and losers, with big implications for their workers.

Research by Jae Song of the Social Security administration and four colleagues found that most of the rise of inequality in pay from 1978 to 2013 was because some companies were paying more than others — not because of a wider gap between high-paid and low-paid workers within a company.
economics  society  innovation 
june 2017 by janpeuker
How Developers Turned Graffiti Into a Trojan Horse For Gentrification | ArchDaily
What was once known as “the biggest countercultural movement since punk” has matured, and unfortunately lost some of its anarchic charm in the process. Banksy’s shtick remains interesting because the spontaneity of the field has grown scarce. It’s painful to concede, but street art has started to be associated with gentrification. The Tragedy of 5Pointz proves this: as justice for the artists remains to be seen, the developers announced the inclusion of a sanitized “40 by 80-foot edifice” and “designated mural walls” in the new complex. They just don’t get it.
history  urbanism  society 
june 2017 by janpeuker
Overview of Julian Jaynes Theory of Consciousness and the Bicameral Mind | Julian Jaynes Society
Jaynes asserts that consciousness did not arise far back in human evolution but is a learned process based on metaphorical language. Prior to the development of consciousness, Jaynes argues humans operated under a previous mentality he called the bicameral ('two-chambered') mind. In the place of an internal dialogue, bicameral people experienced auditory hallucinations directing their actions, similar to the command hallucinations experienced by many people who hear voices today. These hallucinations were interpreted as the voices of chiefs, rulers, or the gods.
psychology  society  bias  research 
june 2017 by janpeuker
Catapult | Catapult | What If We Cultivated Our Ugliness? or: The Monstrous Beauty of Medusa | Jess Zimmerman
Myth and folklore teem with frightening women: man-seducers and baby-stealers, menacing witches and avenging spirits, rapacious bird-women and all-devouring forces of nature. In our stories and our culture, we underline the idea that women who step out of bounds—who are angry or greedy or ambitious, who are overtly sexual or insufficiently sexy—aren’t just outside the norm: They’re monstrous. Women often try to tamp down those qualities that we’re told violate “natural” femininity. But what if we embraced our inner monsters?
feminism  culture  society  art  history 
june 2017 by janpeuker
ChaosBot is a social coding experiment to see what happens when the absolute direction of a software project is turned over to the open source community.
opensource  society  engineering 
may 2017 by janpeuker
I.O.U.: Leninism vs. Trotskyism: What's the Fundamental Difference?
Classical Leninism may not exactly have been without flaws, but at least it rooted itself in a sort of mass basis! Was that mass basis sufficiently wide? No. Was the classical Leninist outlook terribly dynamic and realistic by comparison to Maoism (or even, in some ways (as explained above), to Trotskyism)? No. Might the complement of a permanent revolutionary theory rooted in a mass basis have been a positive and worthy addition? Certainly! But here is the main point: without a mass basis, what you were inevitably left with as a vision of "socialism" was a nightmarish, warped, oppressive and exploitative puppet state. Or, in other words, you are left with a new variant of the old society. At least classical Leninism was comparatively mass-based.
history  society  philosophy 
may 2017 by janpeuker
Viele Kinder werden Narzissten
Bei mir in der Praxis sehe ich zehnjährige Anorektikerinnen, Kinder mit Depressionen und welche, die sich ritzen. Das ist eine Bankrotterklärung unserer Gesellschaft, die ihre Kinder so schlecht begleitet. Diese Kinder lassen sich nicht mehr von ihren Eltern führen. Ich hatte eine Achtjährige in meinem Wartezimmer, ein absolutes Wunschkind, die hat nur geschrien und mich nicht begrüßt, und als ich sie in mein Behandlungszimmer gebeten habe, ist sie wie eine Wahnsinnige auf meiner Couch herumgesprungen. Ich habe gesagt: „Setz dich.“ Und plötzlich war sie lammfromm. Im Laufe der Behandlung sagte sie dann immer wieder: „Ich komm’ so gern zu dir, hier kenn’ ich mich aus.“ Sie war froh über die Grenzen, die ich ihr vorgab.
education  learning  society 
may 2017 by janpeuker
Wasteland - brand eins online
Mitten im Schreiben dieses Textes fahre ich weg. Aufs Land. Ich sitze am Fenster und schaue in einen großen Garten, der an einem Torfteich endet. Seit Tagen liegt die Welt im Nebel, und auch heute schwebt ein Schleier über allem. Nichts passiert in diesem Garten, es geht kein Wind, es gehen keine Personen, es spricht niemand, es ist sehr still, und die Natur tut nichts, als das Wetter Wetter sein und alles seinen Gang gehen zu lassen Was ich sehe, ist das Gegenteil von Wasteland. Ich will für immer sitzen bleiben, denke ich.
Nach einer halben Stunde weiß ich, dass das nicht stimmt. Mir ist langweilig. Ich stehe auf und gehe.
society  world  literature 
may 2017 by janpeuker
The meaning of life in a world without work | Technology | The Guardian
As religions show us, the virtual reality need not be encased inside an isolated box. Rather, it can be superimposed on the physical reality. In the past this was done with the human imagination and with sacred books, and in the 21st century it can be done with smartphones.
society  religion  games  future 
may 2017 by janpeuker
Torching the Modern-Day Library of Alexandria - The Atlantic
It’s been estimated that about half the books published between 1923 and 1963 are actually in the public domain—it’s just that no one knows which half. Copyrights back then had to be renewed, and often the rightsholder wouldn’t bother filing the paperwork; if they did, the paperwork could be lost. The cost of figuring out who owns the rights to a given book can end up being greater than the market value of the book itself. “To have people go and research each one of these titles,” Sarnoff said to me, “It’s not just Sisyphean—it’s an impossible task economically.” Most out-of-print books are therefore locked up, if not by copyright then by inconvenience.
google  books  law  society 
may 2017 by janpeuker
Accelerationism: how a fringe philosophy predicted the future we live in | World news | The Guardian
Accelerationists argue that technology, particularly computer technology, and capitalism, particularly the most aggressive, global variety, should be massively sped up and intensified – either because this is the best way forward for humanity, or because there is no alternative. Accelerationists favour automation. They favour the further merging of the digital and the human. They often favour the deregulation of business, and drastically scaled-back government. They believe that people should stop deluding themselves that economic and technological progress can be controlled. They often believe that social and political upheaval has a value in itself.
philosophy  society  innovation 
may 2017 by janpeuker
Max Scharnigg - Grant. Oder: Keine Stadt, nirgends
Gibt’s irgendwas Neues, außer zweier bildschöner Tunnels? Gibt’s einen Fortschritt, eine Großzügigkeit, ein Experiment, gibt‘s irgendwas aus dem digitalen Zeitalter? Bist du auf irgendwas stolz, das die Stadt in den letzten zehn Jahren aus sich heraus geschaffen hat? Was zeigst du einem Gast, der in München zu Recht den Wohlstandsmotor Europas vermutet? Du zeigst ihm den SUV-Stau und die Burnout-Visagen.
urbanism  society 
may 2017 by janpeuker
Why Is Silicon Valley So Awful to Women? - The Atlantic
“Workplace conditions, a lack of access to key creative roles, and a sense of feeling stalled” are the main reasons women leave tech.
diversity  innovation  society 
april 2017 by janpeuker
All under one roof: how malls and cities are becoming indistinguishable | Cities | The Guardian
For Sorkin, that comes with a risk. “While the idea of the shopping mall becoming ‘urban’ has a certain appeal, the net effect is to turn the city into a shopping mall.”
Architecture  economics  society 
april 2017 by janpeuker
Anton Chekhov: How to Become a Cultured Person – The Polymath Project – Medium
They respect human personality, and therefore they are always kind, gentle, polite, and ready to give in to others. They do not make a row because of a hammer or a lost piece of india-rubber; if they live with anyone they do not regard it as a favour and, going away, they do not say “nobody can live with you.” They forgive noise and cold and dried-up meat and witticisms and the presence of strangers in their homes.
literature  society  reference 
march 2017 by janpeuker
Everything Is Broken – The Message – Medium
Computers don’t serve the needs of both privacy and coordination not because it’s somehow mathematically impossible. There are plenty of schemes that could federate or safely encrypt our data, plenty of ways we could regain privacy and make our computers work better by default. It isn’t happening now because we haven’t demanded that it should, not because no one is clever enough to make that happen.
security  privacy  society 
march 2017 by janpeuker
The Only Thing That's Curbed Inequality: Catastrophe - The Atlantic
Even the most progressive welfare states of continental Europe are now struggling to compensate for the widening income disparities that exist before taxes and transfers. In the coming decades, the dramatic aging of rich countries and the pressures of immigration on social solidarity will make it ever harder to ensure a fairly equitable distribution of net incomes. And on top of everything else, ongoing technological change might boost inequality in unpredictable ways, from more sophisticated automation that hollows out labor markets to genetic and cybernetic enhancements of the privileged human body.
article  history  society  cybernetics 
march 2017 by janpeuker
A Wealth Of Information Creates A Poverty Of Attention - Comprehensive EAP
We are buyers and sellers in an information economy. The brilliant economist and psychologist Herbert A. Simon was one of the first to precisely describe the relationship between information and attention: “….information consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention.” Attention is the psychological tool we use to tune out irrelevant information so we can focus on what is important to us. As the information available to us expands exponentially, our attention is increasingly strained and challenged.
psychology  society  book 
march 2017 by janpeuker
A note on our lawsuit against Otto and Uber – Waymo – Medium
We found that six weeks before his resignation this former employee, Anthony Levandowski, downloaded over 14,000 highly confidential and proprietary design files for Waymo’s various hardware systems, including designs of Waymo’s LiDAR and circuit board. To gain access to Waymo’s design server, Mr. Levandowski searched for and installed specialized software onto his company-issued laptop. Once inside, he downloaded 9.7 GB of Waymo’s highly confidential files and trade secrets, including blueprints, design files and testing documentation. Then he connected an external drive to the laptop. Mr. Levandowski then wiped and reformatted the laptop in an attempt to erase forensic fingerprints.
google  security  society 
february 2017 by janpeuker
We all have the ‘right to disconnect’ – but only some of us can afford it | Evgeny Morozov | Opinion | The Guardian
To be truly meaningful, the right to disconnect needs to be tied to a much broader, radical vision of how a data-rich society can retain some basic elements of equality and justice. In the absence of such a vision, this right will only protect those who are already well-off, forcing the rest to seek solutions – like mindfulness apps – in the marketplace.
society  privacy  future  article 
february 2017 by janpeuker
Mark Burgess Website - Banks, Brains, and Factories How rich information alters the economics of cooperation and work
In the future, the equalization of society, by the broad elimination of diversity that technology affords, may force us to rethink our interaction as individuals. In a sense, our striving to make universal access to goods and services, through integrated stores like Amazon, and online services, accessible though trusted third parties behind `smartphone apps' etc, undermines a part of the social contract on which we scale the modern world. When everything is available to us at the push of a button, by vending machine, replicator, or smart third party phone app, why would we even need to talk to each other, let alone work together? Would we evolve back into social amoebae, into technological hunter gathers, interacting only with faceless third party service providers? The answer here depends on the distribution of `wealth' or capacity to act and reward disinterested parties.
society  economics  future 
february 2017 by janpeuker
Comment: Vaporwave and the pop-art of the virtual plaza | Dummy Mag
Since capitalism is so omnivorous that defending the authentic no longer feels possible, accelerationist pop is lo-fi and avant-garde going on the offensive.
music  article  society  fashion 
february 2017 by janpeuker
The Next Big Blue-Collar Job Is Coding | WIRED
Now, to be sure, society does need some superstars! Serious innovators, at companies and in academia, are the ones who create new fields like machine learning. But that doesn’t preclude a new mainstream vision of what most programming work actually is. For decades, pop culture (and, frankly, writers like me) have overpromoted the “lone genius” coder. We’ve cooed over the billionaire programmers of The Social Network and the Anonymized, emo, leather-clad hackers of Mr. Robot. But the real heroes are people who go to work every day and turn out good stuff—whether it’s cars, coal, or code.
learning  engineering  society 
february 2017 by janpeuker
The AI Threat Isn't Skynet. It's the End of the Middle Class | WIRED
In the US, the number of manufacturing jobs peaked in 1979 and has steadily decreased ever since. At the same time, manufacturing has steadily increased, with the US now producing more goods than any other country but China. Machines aren’t just taking the place of humans on the assembly line. They’re doing a better job. And all this before the coming wave of AI upends so many other sectors of the economy. “I am less concerned with Terminator scenarios,” MIT economist Andrew McAfee said on the first day at Asilomar. “If current trends continue, people are going to rise up well before the machines do.”
society  economics  ai  reference 
february 2017 by janpeuker
Sustainable development goals - United Nations
UN Goals to Transform our World - No Poverty, Zero Hunger etc
society  world 
february 2017 by janpeuker
WeChat's App Revolution - Bloomberg View
WeChat isn't the only service to experiment with mini programs, but it's better positioned than any other to succeed. For one thing, it has 768 million daily users, half of whom spend at least 90 minutes per day on the service. It's increasingly synonymous with the internet in China: Drop into a subway train and everyone you see is using it.
society  innovation  economics 
february 2017 by janpeuker
The $99 Billion Idea: How Uber and Airbnb Won
At the end of every week and after every three months, he gave his parents a financial report. Naturally, Paul and Sheila Blecharczyk were mystified. “This was a whole new world,” Blecharczyk says. “I don’t think anyone really knew what to expect or what this was.”

The spam operation earned Blecharczyk close to $1 million, he says, and paid his college tuition and more. It also earned him a spot on an online blacklist called Register of Known Spam Operations, maintained by a London-based anti-spam organization called the Spamhaus Project. On its page devoted to Data Miners, Spamhaus alleged: “Data Miners (aka: Nathan Underwood Blecharczyk) is one of the main sources of broken/open e-mail relays (used by spammers), and the tools to help locate and exploit them,” meaning Blecharczyk was finding SMTP servers that had an open connection between sender and receiver, which allowed him to slip in spam e-mails. Blecharczyk says he shut his business down in 2002 to focus on his college studies, because the work was taking up all his time.
hacking  economics  society  startup 
february 2017 by janpeuker
The Human Toll of Protecting the Internet from the Worst of Humanity - The New Yorker
Regardless of the merits of Soto’s specific case, constant exposure to the worst of humanity on a daily basis takes an undeniable toll. One former moderator for Facebook described it to me: “Think like that there is a sewer channel and all of the mess/dirt/waste/shit of the world flow towards you and you have to clean it.” A former moderator for YouTube told me that constant exposure to brutal combat and animal-abuse videos sent him into a depression. Studies that examine the impact that exposure to disturbing content has on moderators are rare, but there have been a number of studies of law-enforcement officers who investigate computer crimes. A study, conducted by the U.S. Marshals Service, of six hundred employees of the Justice Department’s Internet Crimes Against Children task force, suggested that a quarter of the investigators surveyed displayed symptoms of secondary traumatic-stress disorder, which is akin to P.T.S.D., but is caused by indirect exposure to trauma.
society  culture  article 
february 2017 by janpeuker
When Roman “Barbarians” Met the Asian Enlightenment – Medium
The truth is, though, that Rome’s Asian contemporaries completely dwarfed Rome in many respects: heritage, population density, cultural diversity, technology, architecture, medicine, philosophy, poetry… I could go on, but you get the idea. During the Roman period, the Asian continent was by far the wealthiest, most advanced, most culturally diverse place on earth.
Imperial Rome was a dim backwater by comparison.
Ever since I’ve learned that fact, it’s always made me sad to think of the Romans being largely cut off from the main action on the world stage.
history  society 
january 2017 by janpeuker
INTRODUCTION | Reading Algorithms.
“The Age of The Algorithm”, and we have become homo algorithmus; for it is logically legible codes from DNA to FICO scores that often define and structure our subjectivities, agencies, and fates. It is also the logics of algorithmically driven finance and economies that introduce ideas and practices of “optimization” and “resilience” into our supply chains, extraction industries, urban spaces, and built environments
economics  algorithm  society 
january 2017 by janpeuker
Venture capital is going to murder Medium
It’s just that in Silicon Valley, you can’t merely make a better typewriter and sell that at a profit. No, you have to DISRUPT. You have to REINVENT. Well, at least you need the appearance of that, while you squeeze eyeballs until they pop out enough advertising dollars to give the VCs that 10x return.
startup  society  innovation 
january 2017 by janpeuker
Three minutes with Hans Rosling will change your mind about the world : Nature News & Comment
In 2005, Rosling, Ola and Anna founded the non-profit Gapminder Foundation in Stockholm to develop the ‘moving-bubble’ software, Trendalyzer, and to spread access to information and animated graphs depicting world trends. Google acquired Trendalyzer in 2007, and Gapminder has successfully pressured the World Bank to make its data free to the public. ... “Global health seems to have entered into a post-fact era, where the labelling of numerators is incorrectly tweaked for advocacy purposes,” he wrote in the Lancet article with Helena Nordenstedt, a colleague at the Karolinska Institute.
visualization  society  makeamerciagreatagain  research 
january 2017 by janpeuker
Who Will Command The Robot Armies?
On arrival there, you get a little card telling you you'll be killed for drug smuggling. Curiously, they only give it to you once you're already over the border.

But the point is made. Don't mess with Singapore.

Singaporeans have traded a great deal of their political and social freedom for safety and prosperity. The country is one of the most invasive surveillance states in the world, and it's also a clean, prosperous city with a strong social safety net.

The trade-off is one many people seem happy with. While Dubai is morally odious, I feel ambivalent about Singapore. It's a place that makes me question my assumptions about surveillance and social control.
future  society  urbanism  ai 
december 2016 by janpeuker
Ethan Zuckerman: Solving Other People's Problems With Technology - The Atlantic
The problem with the solutionist critique, though, is that it tends to remove technological innovation from the problem-solver’s toolkit. In fact, technological development is often a key component in solving complex social and political problems, and new technologies can sometimes open a previously intractable problem. The rise of inexpensive solar panels may be an opportunity to move nations away from a dependency on fossil fuels and begin lowering atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide, much as developments in natural gas extraction and transport technologies have lessened the use of dirtier fuels like coal.

But it’s rare that technology provides a robust solution to a social problem by itself. Successful technological approaches to solving social problems usually require changes in laws and norms, as well as market incentives to make change at scale.
society  innovation  startup 
december 2016 by janpeuker
Europeans greatly overestimate Muslim population, poll shows | Society | The Guardian
Bias - The French were not the only ones to hold such misconceptions: Italian, German and Belgian respondents all guessed that more than a fifth of the resident population was Muslim, while in reality the figure ranges from 3.7% in Italy to 7% in Belgium. All three countries also greatly overstated the expected proportion of Muslim residents in 2020.
politics  bias  society 
december 2016 by janpeuker
Can we open the black box of AI? : Nature News & Comment
Ultimately, these researchers argue, the complex answers given by machine learning have to be part of science's toolkit because the real world is complex: for phenomena such as the weather or the stock market, a reductionist, synthetic description might not even exist. “There are things we cannot verbalize,” says Stéphane Mallat, an applied mathematician at the École Polytechnique in Paris. “When you ask a medical doctor why he diagnosed this or this, he's going to give you some reasons,” he says. “But how come it takes 20 years to make a good doctor? Because the information is just not in books.”
ai  research  society 
october 2016 by janpeuker
Watch a Short Film Adam Curtis Made for VICE About Your Life | VICE | United States
HyperNormalisation—is to bring that new power into focus, and show its true dimensions. It ranges from a giant computer high up in the mountains of northeast America that manages and controls over 7 percent of the worlds total wealth, to the complex algorithms that constantly monitor every move and choice you make online, to modern scientific ideas about what the normal human being should be—in their weight and in their feelings and moods.
movie  society  cybernetics 
october 2016 by janpeuker
Rise of the new geeks: how the outsiders won | Fashion | The Guardian
Nerd/Geek Culture to Pop Culture - "Those T-shirts piss me off," he rage-typed shortly after Davies's appearance on The Voice, "mainly because throughout school me and my friends were called geeks, and now all the chavs that called us geeks have decided it'd be a good idea to start wearing them."
culture  society 
september 2016 by janpeuker
Wake Up, Geek Culture. Time to Die | WIRED
Nerd / Geek to Pop-Culture - I see Etewaf as the Balrog, the helter-skelter, the A-pop-alypse that rains cleansing fire down onto the otaku landscape, burns away the chaff, and forces us to start over with only a few thin, near-meatless scraps on which to build.
culture  society 
september 2016 by janpeuker
Understanding the rapid rise of Charismatic Christianity in Southeast Asia | Perspectives@SMU | Singapore Management University (SMU)
Koning noted that there are about 500 million charismatic Christians worldwide although nobody really knows the exact figure. Gifts of the Holy Spirit such as speaking in tongues, healing powers, prophesy and supernatural miracles are some of the trademarks associated with charismatic churches. They are also noted for their exuberant worship which includes music, sing-a-longs, and moving around. Their worship services are also usually emotional. Some people described “feeling electricity going through their hands”. The global attraction of charismatic Christianity also lies in the ‘theology of practice’, whereby theology is acted out rather than philosophised.
religion  society  asia 
july 2016 by janpeuker
107 Nobel laureates sign letter blasting Greenpeace over GMOs - The Washington Post
Virtually all crops and livestock have been genetically engineered in the broadest sense; there are no wild cows, and the cornfields of the United States reflect many centuries of plant modification through traditional breeding. Genetically modified crops started to become common in the mid-1990s; today, most of the corn, soybeans and cotton in the country have been modified to be resistant to insects or tolerant of herbicide, according to government statistics.
society  economics 
july 2016 by janpeuker
World Heritage Centre - Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village
The main characteristics of New Gourna Village consist of its reinterpretation of a traditional urban and architectural setting, its appropriate use of local materials and techniques, as well as its extraordinary sensitivity to climatic problems.
Architecture  society  nature 
june 2016 by janpeuker
Master of Applied Positive Psychology | The College of Liberal and Professional Studies (LPS)
The Institute for Applied Positive Research - Pursuit of Happiness - Scientology - Positive psychology differs from historical psychological approaches because of its unique emphasis on the empirical study of human flourishing
religion  society  psychology 
june 2016 by janpeuker
Archiving Our Online Communities — Medium
The nickel-plate book we’re making is unlike any other book you’ve seen. We’ve partnered with Norsam Technologies and Los Alamos Laboratories to utilize a special ion-etching process, capable of printing tens of thousands of pages onto a 2" × 2" plate.
The process does not produce “data.” It is not like a CD. It is not a composition of 0's and 1's representing the information. It is the information itself. The nickel plate is a medium, not media. And everything printed on the plate will be readable with an optical microscope.
history  http  society 
june 2016 by janpeuker
RECONSIDER — Signal v. Noise
All this may sound soft, like we have a lack of aspiration. I like to call it modest. Realistic. Achievable. It’s a designed experience and a deliberate pursuit that recognizes the extremely diminishing returns of life, love, and meaning beyond a certain level of financial success. In fact, not only diminishing, but negative returns for a lot of people.
society  psychology 
may 2016 by janpeuker
How we ended up with microservices.
Everything was going great, but my semi-random way of splitting teams had one big problem: a single team was responsible for most of the really fundamental features and objects in the ecosystem, things like track and users metadata and the social graph. This team was in constant firefighting mode, and had no incentive to migrate their modules to microservices as this would introduce even more risk and potential outages.
microservices  agile  society 
may 2016 by janpeuker
The Unexotic Underclass | The MIT Entrepreneurship Review
You should care because the unexotic underclass can help address one of the biggest inefficiencies plaguing  the startup scene right now: the flood of  (ostensibly) smart, ambitious young people desperate to be entrepreneurs; and the embarrassingly idea-starved landscape where too many smart people are chasing too many dumb ideas
economics  society  innovation 
april 2016 by janpeuker
Horizontal History - Wait But Why
I mentioned in a box in the first chart that Mozart wrote his Requiem the same year the US forefathers were writing the Bill of Rights and that Beethoven had a love-hate relationship with Napoleon—but using the lifespan diagram, you can see both of these stories visually.
history  visualization  society 
february 2016 by janpeuker
The Disappearance of Self in Japan | Pico Iyer
But Japan's gift is for taking principles and turning them into a code of etiquette; for, in fact -- rather like a Zen monastic's -- absorbing those principles they feel no need to articulate. Meditation, after all, is part of almost every culture in the world (one reason Tibetan Buddhists don't see it as the essence of their philosophy);
society  religion  psychology 
january 2016 by janpeuker
Web Design - The First 100 Years
Utopia - Consider how fundamentally undemocratic this vision of the Web is. Because the Web started as a technical achievement, technical people are the ones who get to call the shots. We decide how to change the world, and the rest of you have to adapt. There is something quite colonial, too, about collecting data from users and repackaging it to sell back to them. I think of it as the White Nerd's Burden.
future  conference  society  engineering 
january 2016 by janpeuker
TRENDSACTIVE – International Trend Interpretation Agency | Our-trends | Generation-trends
The millennials are very different from their predecessors, generation X, but surprisingly similar to the generation that comes immediately after them (digital natives). We sometimes call millennials the light version of the digital natives (in the sense of Coca-Cola Light).
communication  brand  society 
november 2015 by janpeuker
Resource vs. Flow Efficiency, Part 1: Seeing Your System - DZone Agile
it doesn’t matter what each person “knows.” The team optimizes its work to get features done. You can see this when teams limit the backlog coming into an iteration, when they pair, swarm, or mob to finish features
agile  engineering  society 
october 2015 by janpeuker
HERZOG & DE MEURON - 1111 Lincoln Road
A car park is a public facility, like a train station or an airport, where people change from one mode of transportation to another. Lincoln Road Mall is a very alive, urban experience, a pedestrian shopping street where small-scale restaurants and bars serve their customers day and night, all year round, under lush trees and stars.
architecture  society 
august 2015 by janpeuker
Complexity Summer School 2015 | EPFL
ANTHROPOLOGY OF COMPLEXITY is an international PhD summer school that addresses human-made phenomena such as social systems, territories and cities, and social constructs from the perspective of complexity approaches. It is an interdisciplinary platform organized by EPFL-Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne and ETHZ-Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich.
conference  emergence  urbanism  society 
august 2015 by janpeuker
Marc Kushner: Wer gestaltet die Gebäude der Zukunft? ... Sie. | TED Talk | TED.com
In der Architektur geht es nicht um Mathematik oder Bebauungspläne — es geht um tiefe Emotionen", sagt Marc Kushner
architecture  agile  book  society 
august 2015 by janpeuker
ØMQ - The Guide - ØMQ - The Guide
Programming is science dressed up as art because most of us don't understand the physics of software and it's rarely, if ever, taught. The physics of software is not algorithms, data structures, languages and abstractions. These are just tools we make, use, throw away. The real physics of software is the physics of people—specifically, our limitations when it comes to complexity, and our desire to work together to solve large problems in pieces.
reference  messaging  management  society 
june 2015 by janpeuker
Wanted: A Theology of Atheism - NYTimes.com
a celebration of secular people opening up about their secular worldview, and an opportunity for theistic allies to show their support for secular friends and family
psychology  society  religion  article 
june 2015 by janpeuker
Internal Memo: Zappos is offering severance to employees who aren’t all in with Holacracy - Quartz
All former managers who remain in good standing will still keep their salary through the end of 2015 even though their day-to-day work that formerly involved more traditional management will need to change. A new circle called Reinventing Yourself has been created to help guide former managers to new roles that might be a good match for their passions, skills, and experience. Hollie is the lead link of that new circle.
management  agile  future  society 
april 2015 by janpeuker
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