hallucigenia + fisheries   12

VAST: Spatio-temporal analysis of univariate or multivariate data, e.g., standardizing data for multiple species or stage

Is an R package for implementing a spatial delta-generalized linear mixed model (delta-GLMM) for multiple categories (species, size, or age classes) when standardizing survey or fishery-dependent data.
Builds upon a previous R package SpatialDeltaGLMM (public available here), and has unit-testing to automatically confirm that VAST and SpatialDeltaGLMM give identical results (to the 3rd decimal place for parameter estimates) for several varied real-world case-study examples
Has built in diagnostic functions and model-comparison tools
Is intended to improve analysis speed, replicability, peer-review, and interpretation of index standardization methods

This tool is designed to estimate spatial variation in density using spatially referenced data, with the goal of habitat associations (correlations among species and with habitat) and estimating total abundance for a target species in one or more years.
The model builds upon spatio-temporal delta-generalized linear mixed modelling techniques (Thorson Shelton Ward Skaug 2015 ICESJMS), which separately models the proportion of tows that catch at least one individual ("encounter probability") and catch rates for tows with at least one individual ("positive catch rates").
Submodels for encounter probability and positive catch rates by default incorporate variation in density among years (as a fixed effect), and can incorporate variation among sampling vessels (as a random effect, Thorson and Ward 2014) which may be correlated among categories (Thorson Fonner Haltuch Ono Winker In press).
Spatial and spatiotemporal variation are approximated as Gaussian Markov random fields (Thorson Skaug Kristensen Shelton Ward Harms Banante 2014 Ecology), which imply that correlations in spatial variation decay as a function of distance.
statistics:gams  statistics:time_series  statistics:fisheries  fisheries  fisheries:methods  statistics:bayesian  statistics:spatial  R_packages 
september 2017 by hallucigenia
Organismal seminar October 2, 2014: Kevin McCann
Published on 2 Oct 2014
Host: Dr. Gregor Fussman
Speaker: Kevin McCann, University of Guelph
Title: Food Webs and the Sustainability of Indiscriminate Fisheries
food_web  fisheries  fishing  video  video:talk  theoretical_ecology  management  marine_biology  ecology  ecology:community  portfolio_effect 
october 2014 by hallucigenia
The End of Cod - Lawyers, Guns & Money : Lawyers, Guns & Money
Last weekend, I decided to check out Cape Cod in the winter. It was pretty great, even if cold. On my way to the Cape, I drove past a Wendy’s. They were offering a fish sandwich–made with North Pacific cod. That’s right, North Pacific cod on Cape Cod.

The cod fishery of the North Atlantic and the livelihoods it sustained for 300 years are basically finished. The New England Fishery Management Council has reduced the cod catch by 77% in the Gulf of Maine, 61% on Georges Bank. The reality is that the fishers probably won’t even catch that tiny quota. The fish are gone, driven to near extinction not by the family fishermen that work out of the small ports in New England but by giant industrial fishing trawlers that are taking every fish of any edible size out of the oceans at an alarming rate.
fisheries  management  Ecology  Economics  extinction  data_graph 
february 2013 by hallucigenia

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