gnat + medicine   51

The Case for Drinking as Much Coffee as You Like - Atlantic Mobile
"There have been many metabolic studies that have shown that caffeine, in the short term, increases your blood glucose levels and increases insulin resistance," Shilpa Bhupathiraju, a research fellow at the Harvard School of Public Health's Department of Nutrition and the study's lead author, told me. But "those findings really didn't translate into an increased risk for diabetes long-term." During the over 20 years of follow-up, and controlling for all major lifestyle and dietary risk factors, coffee consumption, regardless of caffeine content, was associated with an 8 percent decrease in the risk of type 2 diabetes in women. In men, the reduction was 4 percent for regular coffee and 7 percent for decaf.
coffee  medicine  food  research 
december 2012 by gnat
Teenage Gamers Are Better At Virtual Surgery Than MDs | Popular Science
great link bait, but there's no actual RESEARCH published on the UTMB web site.
research  science  medicine  gaming 
november 2012 by gnat
Two Hundred Years of Surgery — NEJM
Atul Gawande. Surgery is a profession defined by its authority to cure by means of bodily invasion. The brutality and risks of opening a living person's body have long been apparent, the benefits only slowly and haltingly worked out. Nonetheless, over the past two centuries, surgery has become radically more effective, and its violence substantially reduced — changes that have proved central to the development of mankind's abilities to heal the sick.
medicine  history 
may 2012 by gnat
Shakespeare's Chancre: Did the Bard Have Syphilis?
Syphilis was more severe in the 15th and 16th centuries than it is today [9–11]. Gruesome clinical descriptions of primary, secondary, and gummatous syphilis quickly appeared. Quétel, in History of Syphilis, notes that all the works which appeared before 1514 agree on the principal characteristics of the new disease: its contagiousness and ability to spread quickly...its multiplicity of cutaneous manifestations, and the intensity of pains in the head and bones...most authors mention the primary chancre and its induration...followed by a reddish rash...after a brief respite...large rounded tumors [gummas] start to appear at random in muscles or bones, eating away cavities within them...they ulcerate the body extensively, exposing the bones and eating away at the nose, the lips, the palate, the larynx, and the genitals. [11, pp. 26–7]

By Shakespeare's time, syphilis was less explosive in onset, perhaps because of attenuated virulence or improved population immunity, nutrition, and hygiene, with decreased bacterial superinfection. Use of the term “syphilis” was not common until the 19th century [10]. Shakespeare refers to syphilis as the pox, the malady of France, the infinite malady, the incurable bone-ache, the hoar leprosy, and most oddly as “the good-year” (a corruption of the French term “goujere,” from “gouge,” meaning prostitute) [15, 16].

There are no certain references to genital chancres in Shakespeare's writings, although the “embossed sores” in As You Like It (act 2, scene 7) and the “canker” in Sonnet 95 associated with “vice” and “” are suggestive [7]. A catalog of the secondary and tertiary manifestations of syphilis in Troilus and Cressida (act 5, scene 1) includes “raw eyes” (syphilitic episcleritis, iritis, or uveitis), “bone-ache” (syphilitic periostitis), and “limekilns in the palm” (the papulosquamous, palmar rash of secondary syphilis).
medicine  bio  history  lit  books 
november 2011 by gnat
Lies, Damned Lies, and Medical Science - Magazine - The Atlantic
doctor who specializes in statistics and statistical analysis and protocols for trials and experiments to find fraud and simply shit research
health  medicine  statistics  science 
august 2011 by gnat
Medicine is a science of uncertainty and an art of probability. Sir William Osler, 1849-1919
quotes  medicine  probability  science 
january 2011 by gnat
Indian health care | Lessons from a frugal innovator | The Economist
That is why Stanford’s Dr Yock wants to turn innovation upside down. He has extended his bio-design programme to India, in part to instil an understanding of the benefits of frugality in his students.
bio  medicine  healthcare  innovation  startups 
april 2009 by gnat
Health: North-South fight on IP, Benefit Sharing issues in influenza talks
An interesting take on IP and medicine. Countries with bird flu are having their arms twisted to share samples of the viruses their inhabitants are infected with, but the Western pharma getting the samples are under no obligation to share the cure. "Give us your disease so we can sell you a cure" almost sounds okay, but it fails when the alternative is "how about we keep our disease and cure it ourselves?" or "we charge you for our disease so you can sell us a cure" (which would be perfectly capitalist and in line with IP maximality).
medicine  bio  health  ip 
january 2009 by gnat
Annals of Medicine: The Checklist: Reporting & Essays: The New Yorker
the article about checklists, and Peter Pronovost's work at Johns Hopkins
medicine  health  quality 
january 2009 by gnat
A history of “Gray's Anatomy” | Fearfully and wonderfully made | The Economist
story behind the original book, Gray's Anatomy, and the dead people whose bodies were drawn for it.
history  medicine  bio 
november 2008 by gnat
Genes, disease and evolution | Bad old genes | The Economist
Genes that cause disease when they misfunction are old, "were present in single-celled organisms and the rest arose when multicellular creatores began to evolve". Are they inescapable, therefore?
genomics  bio  medicine  health  history 
november 2008 by gnat
PeteSearch: When public relations defeated the Bubonic Plague
A summary of the book "Plague Ports", including the story of how Sydney avoided the problems of other cities when knocking back the third Bubonic Plague epidemic. The Sydney plague master communicated with everyone, got them to take responsibility for what needed to be done, and seems in general a brilliant community manager.
medicine  history  management 
october 2008 by gnat
Wireless Sensor Networks » Blog Archive » Now, a computer to decide for a C-section
Wireless sensors + software = decision support system for C-sections. The question, of course, is what algorithm does the software use?
medicine  ubicomp 
october 2008 by gnat
Mind Hacks: Lawrence of Arabia is dead, long live the crash helmet
The neurosurgeon who tried to save Lawrence of Arabia after his motorcycle crash went on to invent crash helmets.
medicine  history 
september 2008 by gnat
Mind Hacks: The Gene Genie meddles with relationships
Vaughn explains why reporting correlation as "the gene for X" is bullshit, and gives a few good examples.
genomics  medicine 
september 2008 by gnat
California does it again «
Compare neighbouring schools, hospitals, etc. Absolutely excellent idea -- how do we get the data within NZ to rate and rank DHBs, hospitals, GPs, ...?
local  data  usa  medicine  education 
august 2008 by gnat
Richard Holbrooke and Laurie Garrett - 'Sovereignty' That Risks Global Health -
Indonesia refuses to share avian flu virus samples with the UN and is trying to shut down a disease surveillance laboratory that is a collaboration between Indonesia and the US.
biology  medicine  patents  law  asia 
august 2008 by gnat
Mind Hacks: Strip Club Hunter, or the attractions of anatomy
Fascinating stories for illustratin points. For example, on incentives--there was a loophole in 1930s British law about nudity such that if the naked girls stood still, they weren't acting and therefore not subject to legislation banning nude actors; decades of "living statue" shows followed. And on the use of bodies for scientific investigation, they were often purchased from people who robbed graves. "On one horrific occasion in 1784, the physician John Sheldon, proprietor of the Blenheim Street School of Anatomy, was presented with his recently deceased sister by one of the school's regular suppliers."
bio  history  medicine  sex 
august 2008 by gnat
H. pylori as symbiont rather than parasite
H. pylori is a bacterium in the human gut, the one implicated in stomach ulcers and cancers. It also has a role in appetite regulation, stomach acid regulation, and there's a correlation (unsure causation) with asthma. Dr Martin Blaser of NY School of Medicine, suspects we've coevolved with H. pylori and its eradication reduces the effectiveness of our immune systems and opens the door to asthma, obesity, and acid reflux.
medicine  bio  evolution 
august 2008 by gnat
Face value | Triple therapy |
Very interesting article about GlaxoSmithKline's new CEO, Andrew Witty. Insider who spent a year in a biotech startup, completely comfortable changing their business model. Wants reliable pipeline with much less blockbuster focus. Expanding into developing nations generics. Working with customers (e.g., NHS) to keep the drug offerings matched with what they want.
bio  business  medicine 
august 2008 by gnat
ScienceDirect - Neuron : Targeting Cellular Prion Protein Reverses Early Cognitive Deficits and Neurophysiological Dysfunction in Prion-Infected Mice
"(functional impairments) occur before extensive PrPSc deposits accumulate and recover rapidly after PrPC depletion, supporting the concept that they are caused by a transient neurotoxic species, distinct from aggregated PrPSc."
brain  science  medicine 
august 2008 by gnat
Neurophilosophy : Cannibalism & the shaking death: A new form of the disease & a possible epidemic
easy to understand explanation of the prion diseases that "mad cow" is just one of. Lots of unanswered questions.
medicine  brain  science 
august 2008 by gnat
Contagious cancer: The evolution of a killer—By David Quammen (Harper's Magazine)
fascinating story about the fact that cancerous cells evolve from regular ones through Darwinian selection. Plenty of amazing stories of transmissible cancers (19yo lab asst stabbed herself with syringe and grew colon cancer on her hand).
evolution  bio  science  medicine  australia 
august 2008 by gnat
Caloric Restriction Comes in a Pill | Wired Science from
resveratrol company purchased for $720M by Glaxo Smith Kline, promises benefits of low-cal diet (better bones, eyes, hearts) without lowering calories
medicine  life 
july 2008 by gnat
Cognitive enhancement | All on the mind |
round-up of brain performance-enhancing drugs. Still don't get why it's okay to take ritalin (speed) but not okay to take steroids.
drugs  culture  medicine  bio 
may 2008 by gnat
Annals of Medicine: The Checklist: Reporting & Essays: The New Yorker
checklists help doctors and nurses, raise standards of care, and save lives. Even when everyone thinks they're already doing what's on the checklist.
medicine  health  hacks 
may 2008 by gnat
Analysis of Neurotech Industry - National Business News -
interesting overview of the neurotech industry, heavy on nicotine-related research
brain  medicine 
may 2008 by gnat
Mobile-phone microscopes | Doctor on call |
mobile phone becomes microscope, useful for quick in-field malaria detection .
ubicomp  medicine 
may 2008 by gnat
Health care | No place to be sick |
review of a book relating a year spent watching a hospital. Fascinating in failure and success.
medicine  books 
may 2008 by gnat
Health care | The bleeding edge |
Hardware is the new pill. "Perhaps surprisingly, considering the grousing usually heard from drugs giants about European regulators, his firm has often found it faster and easier to launch new products in the Europe than in America."
hardware  bio  medicine 
february 2008 by gnat
Smoking | How to save a billion lives |
tobacco is the perfect mad conservative poison: lower populations in third world while strict anti-smoking laws in the first keep them high.
global  medicine 
february 2008 by gnat
Drug-resistant infections | Riding piggyback |
pig farms use of antibiotics leads to growth in resistant staph. Staph killed damn near everyone before penicillin and "the sulfur drugs". Carnage predicted.
medicine  bio 
december 2007 by gnat
Andy Grove: Rich, Famous, Smart and Wrong. In the Pipeline:
Semiconductors are <50 years old, naturally there's rapid improvement. In the first 50 years of medical treatment science we got antibiotics and epidemiology, huge advances. Bio is more mature than semiconductors. Andy Grove is wronger than wrong.
medicine  bio  research  hardware  people 
november 2007 by gnat
Best Life Magazine Our oceans are turning into plastic...are we?
Each of us tosses about 185 pounds of plastic per year. 40% of sea surface filled with plastic shit. Toxic plastic raw materials found on Rarotonga beaches. Horrifying turtle and bird pictures.
environment  pollution  medicine 
may 2007 by gnat

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