REVIEW Lynda Barry's The Good Times Are Killing Me by Jolie Maya-Altshuler
2018-07-30, by Jolie Maya-Altshuler

"“What is Childhood? Where is it Located?” Lynda Barry asks in an illustrated afterword to her 1988 novella, The Good Times Are Killing Me. Republished this past September by Drawn and Quarterly, the book is a semi-autobiography of the author’s own childhood, set on one small street in 1970s Seattle. (...)

This subject matter, the preadolescent girl child, has historically been undervalued and not taken seriously throughout all of history. Not that this matters to the author, whose art has long deviated from the norm, since she started drawing freak comics as a college student in Olympia during the mid-’70s. Indeed, Lynda Barry is a true freak. She hates rules and she hates our inherited systems for understanding meaning. She trusts and understands teenage girls instead, and includes children’s art in the curriculum of every college class she teaches. There, she believes everyone is an artist, and she does not believe in “good art” and “bad art.” She definitely believes everyone should sing. Investigating the questions of why we stop singing or stop making art are central to her practice as an educator, artist, illustrator and overall cool person, and her exploration of these learned constructs and how they happen are peppered throughout the book. (...)

At its core, The Good Times Are Killing Me is a thus book about living with loss. First Edna with the loss of her father, and friend, Bonna, who has also lost both of her brothers. Plus it’s against the backdrop of autobiographical loss as well, as the book serves as a memory for Barry’s own childhood friend, who we can infer is based on Bonna. Accordingly there is a permeating sense of grief throughout the book. That the two girlfriends are even able to experience any good times whatsoever after experiencing such trauma and sadness at such a young age is in itself a small miracle. Which brings me to another question: is it ever really possible to move through trauma and grief? What does it mean to not avoid but actively work through something painful? That isn’t just ‘going to therapy?’ Lynda Barry once addressed this profoundly in an interview, while talking about the subjective role of art with the Paris Review:

“In terms of evolution, it’s the immune system that allows the body to fight off a bacterial infection. I believe that the arts are like an external immune system. I believe that they have a biological function.

The fastest way I can explain it is that there is this brilliant neuroscientist named V. S. Ramachandran, who wrote a book called Phantoms in the Brain. He was very interested in people with phantom-limb pain, and he had one patient who had lost his hand from the wrist down, but the guy’s sensation was not only that the hand was still there, but that it was in a painful fist that kept clenching. Ramachandran built a box, with a mirror and two holes in one side. When the guy put his arms in, he saw the one hand reflected. When he opened the hand, he saw it open and it was like the missing hand was unclenching. It fixed his phantom-limb sensation. That’s what I think images do; that’s what the arts do. In the course of human life we have a million phantom-limb pains—losing a parent when you’re little, being in a war, even something as dumb as having a mean teacher—and seeing it somehow reflected, whether it’s in our own work or listening to a song, is a way to deal with it.

The Greeks knew about it. They called it catharsis, right? And without it we’re fucked. I think this is the thing that keeps our mental health or emotional health in balance, and we’re born with an impulse toward it.” (...)"
art  life  philosophy  human  psychology  drawing  story 
8 days ago
Margaret Hamilton: The Untold Story of the Woman Who Took Us to the Moon
2016-07-20, by Jolene Creighton,

"(...) On July 20, 1969 the Apollo 11 astronauts succeeded in their goal, landing with near-flawless precision. Shortly after, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin took humanity’s first historic steps on another world. And if you aren’t aware, Margaret Hamilton is the engineer who got us there. She took humanity to the Moon.

Hamilton wrote the code for Apollo 11’s on-board flight software, and as a result of her work, she received NASA’s Exceptional Space Act Award. If that’s not enough, she is also credited with coining the term “software engineering.”

In a recent interview, she discussed her experience with the Apollo program and what it was like to be a woman in the earliest days of NASA. (...)"

"(...) When I began as a programmer in 1959, and continuing until now, in every software organization and in every software project I have been involved in, there were always many more men than women programmers.

There were many more men than women in our profession ,and this is still the case. Regarding my own experiences, women were always in the minority and men were always in the majority. Before and during Apollo, my colleagues, including those on the software engineering team, for which I was responsible, were mostly male.

But more than anything, we were dedicated to the missions and worked side by side to solve the challenging problems and to meet the critical deadlines. I was so involved in what we were doing, technically, that I was oblivious to the fact that I was outnumbered by men. We concentrated on our work much more than whether one was male or female. We were more likely to notice if someone was a first floor or second floor person, a hardware or software guy, or what area someone was specializing in, e.g., man-machine interface, operating system, error detection and recovery, or in an application specific area. (...)"

"(...) There was no school to attend or field to learn what today is known as ‘software engineering’ or ‘systems engineering.’ When answers could not be found, we had to invent them; we were designing things that had to work the first time, and our systems had to be ‘man-rated.’ Many on the team began as fearless 20-something-year-olds. The greater the challenge, the more fun we had. And, yet, dedication and commitment were a given. There was no time to be a beginner. Learning was by being and doing, and a dramatic event would often dictate change. (...)"

"(...) When considering the formal part of a kid’s education, learning subjects like English and other languages, history and STEM [science, technology, engineering and math including logic], including how to use computers…this is important in preparing for all parts of our modern society.

Software engineering related courses are important for all aspects of STEM including that of helping one to become more creative, a better problem solver—including being a good detective and how to understand the world in terms of a system of systems—to learn how to be analytical and objective, about abstraction, and how to think outside of the box. How to learn from your mistakes and turn that into a positive result can also be learned from software engineering related courses. I believe it is also important to learn (or be around) things like music, art, philosophy, linguistics, and math including logic; any of which could help improve one’s being an excellent programmer/problem solver/thinker and to have a more global perspective on things. The ultimate goal would be that of teaching one how to think (design).

I would add that what seems to work best for me when I want to learn about anything new or to do anything new is not to let fear get in the way.

One should not be afraid to say ‘I don’t know’ or ‘I don’t understand,’ or to ask ‘dumb’ questions, since no question is a dumb question. To continue even when things appear to be impossible, even when the so called experts say it is impossible; to stand alone or to be different; and not to be afraid to be wrong or to make and admit mistakes, for only those who dare to fail greatly can ever achieve greatly."
nasa  space  exploration  computer  science  software  history  women  gender  change  management  creation  technology 
11 weeks ago
Recalling the 'Giant Leap' | MIT News
"Margaret Hamilton
Was responsible for the Apollo On-Board Flight Software as director of the Software Engineering Division of MIT's Instrumentation Laboratory.

I had lived through several missions before Apollo 11 and each was exciting in its own right, but this mission was special; we had never landed on the moon before. The media, most notably Walter Cronkite, was reporting everything in great detail. Once it was time for liftoff, I focused on the software and how it was performing throughout each and every part of the mission. Everything was going according to plan until something totally unexpected happened, just as the astronauts were in the process of landing on the moon. Some things one never forgets, even after 40 years. I was standing in the SCAMA [Switching, Conference, And Monitoring Arrangement] room at Draper [the Instrumentation Lab, which later became Draper Laboratory] listening to the conversations between the astronauts and Mission Control when all of a sudden the normal mission sequences were interrupted by priority displays of 1201 and 1202 alarms, giving the astronauts a go/no go decision (to land or not to land). I looked across the room at Fred Martin and he back at me. What could possibly cause these alarms to be triggered at this most crucial time? It quickly became clear that the software was not only informing everyone that there was a hardware-related problem, but that the software was compensating for it. With only minutes to spare, the decision was made to go for the landing. The rest is history. (...)

(...) With the software's global error detection and recovery mechanisms, nominal displays were interrupted with priority displays of 1201 and 1202 alarms. Every time the CPU approached overload, the software cleared out its entire queue of processes, restarted its functions; allowing only the highest priority ones to perform until the landing was completed. The source of the error was later found to be in the astronaut checklist document; instructing the astronaut to place the rendezvous radar hardware switch in the wrong position, thus stealing valuable CPU time. The mechanisms the software used for this emergency were thought by many to have saved the Apollo 11 mission."

(...)

"Hugh Blair-Smith
Was part of the software team at the Instrumentation Lab from 1959 through the Apollo years.

My first assignment upon joining the Instrumentation Lab in 1959 was to "write an assembler for an unknown number of computers with unknown characteristics." It wasn't actually that bad, since the "Mars" computers being developed for a USAF unmanned Mars probe were necessarily the simplest type of architecture, single-address instructions. I got gradually more involved in designing these instruction repertoires, and a third-generation model (the first that was substantially my design in this area) was renamed AGC3 in recognition of its being chosen as the prototype Apollo Guidance Computer. That's why I claim that my involvement with Apollo predated the existence of the project!

When we changed technology to become the big early adopter of integrated circuits, we used one-fifth of all the ICs there had ever been. I continued as instruction-repertoire specialist for the two generations of IC-technology models, AGC Block I and AGC Block II. I also wrote a small piece of mission software (Routine 29) to make the LM's Rendezvous Radar go through a search pattern to find the CM's transponder, but it proved not to be necessary and was scrubbed out to make room for higher-priority code.

Having completed my engineering involvement in mainline Apollo and shifted to Eldon Hall's Digital Development Group to start thinking about Skylab and other post-Apollo tasks by mid-1969, I was at home with my family that night. We had bought our first color TV in time for the mission, and we got our son Bob up to watch the first steps on the moon with us. As he was just a month old, he doesn't remember it, but he was there! I wasn't familiar then with 1201 and 1202 alarms, so I was startled by them but had no choice but to wait on events. Naturally, I resumed breathing on "we copy you down" in sync with the guys at JSC.

I felt it was fitting that Neil and Buzz planted the flag there, but I think I was like most of us at MIT in giving no thought to the Soviets and the fact that we'd beaten them. If I had put my feelings into words, it might have come out like this: "Since mankind developed the capacity to wonder, we have looked at birds and wanted to fly; we have gazed at the Moon and wanted to go there. Now we've done it, and by some miracle of time and place, I and my MIT colleagues and all the people in this project were allowed to take part and henceforth to say simply, 'We did this.'"
nasa  space  exploration  software  history  computer  science 
11 weeks ago
Scene at MIT: Margaret Hamilton’s Apollo code | MIT News
2016-08-17, by Maia Weinstock,

"Half a century ago, MIT played a critical role in the development of the flight software for NASA’s Apollo program, which landed humans on the moon for the first time in 1969. One of the many contributors to this effort was Margaret Hamilton, a computer scientist who led the Software Engineering Division of the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, which in 1961 contracted with NASA to develop the Apollo program’s guidance system. For her work during this period, Hamilton has been credited with popularizing the concept of software engineering.

In recent years, a striking photo of Hamilton and her team’s Apollo code has made the rounds on social media and in articles detailing her key contributions to Apollo 11's success. According to Hamilton, this now-iconic image (at left, above) was taken at MIT in 1969 by a staff photographer for the Instrumentation Laboratory — later named the Draper Laboratory and today an independent organization — for use in promotion of the lab’s work on the Apollo project. The original caption, she says, reads:

“Here, Margaret is shown standing beside listings of the software developed by her and the team she was in charge of, the LM [lunar module] and CM [command module] on-board flight software team.” (...)"
nasa  software  computer  science  history  women  gender  moon  space  exploration  mit 
11 weeks ago
Improving DuckDuckGo | DuckDuckGo Help Pages
How DuckDuckGo computes anonymous stats of usage.

"At DuckDuckGo, we do not collect or share any personal information. That's our privacy policy in a nutshell. For example, we do not store IP addresses, and we do not create unique cookies. As such, we do not even have the ability to create search histories or search sessions for any individual — privacy by design. (...)

To be clear, this means we cannot ever tell what individual people are doing since everyone is anonymous, and that is a limit of our statistical methods since we are private by design. We can, however, within this anonymous limitation, reliably determine what changes are generally working, using these anonymous methods.

We have developed these systems from scratch, instead of using third-party services, because of our privacy promise to never collect or share any personal information. We're proud to be able to improve our site for you in a completely anonymous way!"
duckduckgo  stats  engineering  web  development  privacy 
11 weeks ago
[jp] 請求記号:文庫11_a0380_0002 43カット (The fully scanned contents of an 1861 illustrated Japanese book on the American revolutionary war)
"Information on this book (in Japanese): https://www.kufs.ac.jp/toshokan/gallery/data22.htm

The author is Kanagaki Robun. The book was published in 1861, early in his career, before he turned to journalistic works. 1861 is 8 years after Commodore Perry came to Japan and demanded to open the ports.

So this is a picture book aimed at children. It was based on several, more serious books, and Robun took the liberty to include fictional characters and monsters to appeal to the target audience. It's similar to today's fantasy manga, I'd say."
— tokye, https://www.reddit.com/r/history/comments/9w2v7l/the_fully_scanned_contents_of_an_1861_illustrated/e9hf3a6/
japan  art  illustration  book  history 
11 weeks ago
[fr] Histoire des métiers (4/4) : Les typos sur le carreau
"

"Les typos sur le carreau", un documentaire d'Amélie Meffre, réalisé par Marie-Laure Ciboulet.

Metteur en page, imposeur, paquetier, tableautier... Les typographes, en charge de la composition des imprimés, furent longtemps considérés comme les aristocrates de la classe ouvrière, détenant un savoir ancestral, manuel autant qu'intellectuel. A l'avant garde du syndicalisme, créant dès 1839 leur propre organisation, les typos mirent en place un système de solidarité particulier et beaucoup tels Proudhon ou Jean Allemane furent des porte-parole politiques.

Les rois de l'imprimerie vont pourtant être détrônés avec la modernisation des techniques d'impression et l'arrivée de l'offset dans les années 1970. Le plomb va être progressivement abandonné et les typographes en font les frais. Les grosses imprimeries comme Néogravure, Georges Lang ou Del Luca mettent la clé sous la porte et en octobre 1974, le rapport de Jean-Philippe Lecat sur l'avenir de l'imprimerie française conclue que « La France n'a pas vocation graphique ».

Dans le labeur qui concerne les imprimés autres que la presse quotidienne, on compte en 1980, quelque 16 000 suppressions d'emplois sur un total de 125 000 salariés. Les conflits pour limiter la casse au sein d'une profession très organisée seront âpres et longs y compris dans la presse, comme au « Parisien libéré ». Dix ans plus tard, avec la généralisation de la publication assistée par ordinateur, le coup de grâce est donné : les ateliers de composition disparaissent et le savoir-faire des typos n'est plus de mise. Des plans de reconversion et de départ en retraite anticipée seront négociés durant une trentaine d'années et le métier de typographe finira par disparaître.

Avec Sylvie Charlier, de l'Institut CGT d'histoire sociale du Livre parisien ; Claude Leloup et Frédéric Tachot, typographes ; Roger Bodin, responsable des cours professionnels dispensés par la Chambre syndicale typographique parisienne et à l'imprimerie traditionnelle la SAIG de l'Haÿ-les-Roses (Val-de-Marne) ; François Huin, Gilles Hue et Jacques Boisselier."
print  history  france  typography  technology  work  culture 
11 weeks ago
How to install Dune 2000 from CD and bring up-to-date
2018-12-12, by D2k Sardaukar,

"This topic is for all the people who Google about this game and can't get it to install.

I assume you have the English Dune 2000 CD (or .ISO file) with version 1.

You will need to download:
- Universal Extractor. link or portable version
- Dune 2000 1.06 patch. link or from this forum
- FunkyFresh adjusted DUNE2000.EXE link
- FunkyFresh Dune 2000 Config tool. link

Install the Universal Extractor (v1.6.1).
Run it and select the SETUP.Z archive from the CD at \DUNE2000\SETUP\
Change the extraction location to, for example, your standard games folder.
If asked, pick the i3comp extraction method and press OK. This should give 2 folder; API and DUNE
Go to the newly created DUNE\Data\ folder and paste from the CD these folders: MISSIONS, MUSIC and MOVIES
Now run d2k106us.exe (to update the game). You need to manually paste in the DUNE folder location to unzip to.
If you did it correctly the DUNE folder will now contain a D2KPATCH_README_106.TXT file.
Lastly paste the FunkyFresh files into the DUNE folder and overwrite the EXE file.

Start the Dune 2000 config tool and select a higher resolution if desired.
Fire up DUNE2000.EXE and enjoy the game!"
dune2000  setup  knowledge 
12 weeks ago
Universal Extractor
"(...) Universal Extractor is a program designed to decompress and extract files from any type of archive or installer, such as ZIP or RAR files, self-extracting EXE files, application installers, etc. The full list of supported formats can be found in the table below. It's able to support so many varied file formats by utilizing the many backend utilities listed in the credits at the bottom of the page.

Please note that Universal Extractor is not intended to be a general purpose archiving program. It cannot (and never will) create archives, and therefore cannot fully replace archivers such as 7-Zip or WinRAR. What it will do, however, is allow you to extract files from virtually any type of archive, regardless of source, file format, compression method, etc.

The original motivation behind this project was to create an easy, convenient way to extract files from various types of installation packages without the need to remember arcane command line switches or track down separate utilities to handle the unpacking. Over time, and with the encouragement of its many users and the fine folks over on the MSFN forum, it has evolved into a mature and very capable unarchiving utility that many, including myself, find indispensable."
software  setup  archive  tools 
12 weeks ago
FED2k > Dune 2000
"Dune 2000 is a remake to Westwood's first RTS game Dune II. It was programmed by Intelligent Games a UK company who created an entirely new engine for it. Dune 2000 didn't really bring anything new into the RTS genre but it gave the fans of Dune II a chance to play an updated version of the game."

"How did FED2k start? I originally got the idea after learning from PCGamer that Westwood would be remaking one of my all-time favourite games, Dune II. When the site first opened I had never created a website so the first versions weren't much to look at. As you may have inferred from name FED2k the site was originally called the "First Ever" Dune 2000 website but was shortened soon after opening.

For the first few months the site was located at Geocities but on May 25 we opened at the Westwood Underground along with a few other Westwood gaming sites. It was at this point that site really took off, with the help of Bill9999, Cyberman0, and OverKills of WWU we started to receive more visitors and the site became well known for its coverage.

After a few delays in production Dune 2000 was finally released to mixed reviews. Many felt that the game just didn't stand up against some of the newer RTS games already out there. Many sites closed after finding the game not all they thought it would be. I decided to keep the site running and ended up being the only remaining active site covering Dune 2000. Eventually after people like DayOfWar and Samah created map editors and the small community stayed active. With the biggest archive of maps for Dune 2000 we kept interest in the game alive waiting for the next Dune game that was rumoured to be in development."
dune2000  knowledge 
12 weeks ago
Dune 2000: GruntMods Edition
"Dune 2000 is a real-time strategy video game, based on the Dune universe. It was released in 1998, featuring full motion cutscenes, online multiplayer and a powerful storyline.

Is there a better way to relive a classic then by playing a version with full HD and online support? What about if it fully supported the latest operating systems and featured tons of additional content? GruntMods has you covered with all this and more."

"GruntMods is an organization for developing software and game mods. Although we started out exclusively offering Xbox 360 content, we have since branched out into PC mods and software development. GruntMods also produces the installers used in Applications such as YGOPro, utilizing the NSIS platform."
dune2000  game  download 
12 weeks ago
Online Training in LEGO Serious Play Enrolment | Learn LSP
"1 Payment of
$1197

✓ 10 Awesome Modules
✓ 4 Amazing Bonuses
(...)"

"How much is the Online Training? Well you could try to figure it out on your own. Another option is to spend around $3,000 for an in-person course, that lasts for 3-4 days. Both are valid options and will suit some people.

Another option is to save that time and grind and let me show you what works. The entire Online Training in LEGO® Serious Play® and step-by-step system is only $1197 USD for lifetime access.

Excitingly we also have a payment plan option to make the course EVEN more accessible. You can either pay in full or do 6 monthly payments of $217 USD. (...)"

"How long does it take to go through the course?

Each module is around 10 – 15 minutes long.

For a sane person going through at a normal rate you can be up and delivering your first workshop within a week."

"What's the deal with certification?

First thing to note is that there is no official LEGO® Serious Play® certification program.

There are certification programs out there. I run one in Australia and there are popular ones in the US and Europe. All the “certification” part means is that the organisation that trains you is satisfied that you are skilled in the LEGO® Serious Play® method by the end of the training.

I check this in my in-person course through getting participants to design their own sessions, run their session in front of us and then receive feedback. If they know their stuff they get a certificate and are “certified”.

You’ll be doing a similar process online to become a certified facilitator. We’ll check your competency and you’ll get a certificate. You don’t have to go through this extra step and become certified, you can run sessions without it. But it’s well worth it to show you are skilled in this amazing method."
lego  serious  play  online  training 
may 2019
“Not Authorized” error when trying to view TwiML Bin URL – Twilio Support
"(...) If you need to access your TwiML Bin URL outside of Twilio, you have the option of signing the HTTP request. Below is an example of a Node.js script that does this. You would invoke this script by running:

```
node script.js https://handler.twilio.com/twiml/EHxxx
```

```
const crypto = require('crypto')
, request = require('request')

const url = process.argv[2] + '?AccountSid=' + process.env.TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID

const twilioSig = crypto.createHmac('sha1', process.env.TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN).update(new Buffer(url, 'utf-8')).digest('Base64')

request({url: url, headers: { 'X-TWILIO-SIGNATURE': twilioSig }}, function(err, res, body) {
console.log(body)
})
```

(...)"
twilio  twiml  knowledge  development 
may 2019
Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand
"‘Te ara’ in Māori means ‘the pathway’. Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand offers many pathways to understanding New Zealand. It is a comprehensive guide to the country’s peoples, natural environment, history, culture, economy, institutions and society.

Te Ara consists of a series of sections, which have appeared progressively between 2005 and 2014:

* Māori New Zealanders and
* New Zealand Peoples – the arrival and settlement of the people.
* Earth, Sea and Sky – marine life, people and the sea, natural resources, and shaping forces such as geology and climate.
* The Bush – New Zealand’s landforms, fauna and flora.
* The Settled Landscape – farming, rural life, and people’s impact on the land.
* Economy and the City – the economy, business and city life.
* Social Connections – social groups, families and communities.
* Government and Nation – systems of government and symbols of national identity.
* Daily Life, Sport and Recreation – daily life, customs, sports and leisure activities.
* Creative and Intellectual Life – arts, culture, invention and innovation.

New Zealand in Brief gives concise information and essential facts about New Zealand.

In addition there are features on:

Places – 22 major geographic regions: Northland, Auckland, Hauraki–Coromandel, Waikato, the King Country, the Volcanic Plateau, Bay of Plenty, East Coast, Hawke’s Bay, Taranaki, Whanganui, Manawatū and Horowhenua, Wairarapa, Wellington, Nelson, Marlborough, the West Coast, Canterbury, South Canterbury, Otago, Southland, Offshore Islands

Māori Te Ara

An important feature of Te Ara is its Māori content. The Māori perspective is presented with each section, and stories with substantial Māori content are available in te reo Māori (the Māori language). (...)"
nz  maori  history  culture  encyclopedia  reference 
may 2019
Scientists create decoder to turn brain activity into speech | Science | The Guardian
2019-04-24, by Hannah Devlin,

"Scientists have developed a decoder that can translate brain activity directly into speech.

In future the brain-machine interface could restore speech to people who have lost their voice through paralysis and conditions such as throat cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson’s disease.

“For the first time … we can generate entire spoken sentences based on an individual’s brain activity,” said Edward Chang, a professor of neurological surgery at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) and the senior author of the work. “This is an exhilarating proof of principle that, with technology that is already within reach, we should be able to build a device that is clinically viable in patients with speech loss.”

The technology promises to transform the lives of people who rely on painfully slow communication methods that make a casual conversation impossible. Speech synthesisers, like the one used by the late Stephen Hawking, typically involve spelling out words letter-by-letter using eye or facial muscle movements. They allow people to say about eight words a minute, compared with natural speech, which averages 100-150. (...)

Chang and his colleagues tried something different. They targeted the brain areas that send the instructions needed to coordinate the sequence of movements of the tongue, lips, jaw and throat during speech.

“We reasoned that if these speech centres in the brain are encoding movements rather than sounds, we should try to do the same in decoding those signals,” said Gopala Anumanchipalli, a speech scientist at UCSF and the paper’s first author. (...)

Some sounds, such as “sh” and “z” were synthesised accurately and the general intonation and gender of the speaker was conveyed well, but the decoder struggled with “b” and “p” sounds.

Watkins said these imperfections would not necessarily prove a significant barrier to communication. In practice, people become familiar with the quirks of a person’s speech over time and can make logical inferences about what someone is saying. (...)"
speech  voice  brain  science  technology 
april 2019
Brunei defends death by stoning for gay sex in letter to EU | World news | The Guardian
2019-04-22, by Daniel Boffey,

"Brunei has written to the European parliament defending its decision to start imposing death by stoning as a punishment for gay sex, claiming convictions will be rare as it requires two men of “high moral standing and piety” to be witnesses. (...)

“The penal sentences of hadd – stoning to death and amputation – imposed for offences of theft, robbery, adultery and sodomy, have extremely high evidentiary threshold, requiring no less than two or four men of high moral standing and piety as witnesses, to the exclusion of every form of circumstantial evidence.” (...)

Such is the required “standards of piety of the male witness” that the kingdom writes that it is “extremely difficult to find one in this day and age, to the extent that convictions of hadd may solely rest on confessions of the offender”. Confessions, it added, may be retracted. (...)

Homosexuality has been illegal since the country broke from British rule, but before the recent move to a more conservative interpretation of Islam, it was punishable by jail.

Britain, France, Germany and the UN are among those who have condemned the hardening of the kingdom’s laws."
lgbt  rights  life  death  bigotry  brunei 
april 2019
Fix: GIMP Does Not Save In JPEG OR PNG Format - It's FOSS
2016-02-17, by Abhishek Prakash,

"(...) Most of the normal computer users are used to of using shortcut Ctrl+S to save their work. In previous versions of GIMP when you used Ctrl+S, it used to give you the option of saving in different formats such as JPEG or PNG etc. But GIMP 2.8 has changed this popular way of saving your work. Now if you press Ctrl+S to save your work, all you can see is the option of saving your image in XCF, bzip or gzip archive file. (...)

If you cannot live with the new Ctrl+Shift+E replacing your darling Ctrl+S, here is how you can force GIMP to give you option for saving in all the formats with Ctrl+S.

Open GIMP. From the Menu, go to Edit->Keyboard Shortcuts. (...)

Now in here, search for overwrite: (...)

Now click on this Disabled, it will be changed to New Accelerator: (...)

Now use press Ctrl+S to assign this shortcut: (...)"

Note: I would rather use a different shortcut though, like Ctrl+U (or Action+U on Mac).

Also, "Keyboard Shortcuts" is found under the application menu "Gimp 2.10", not under "Edit" on Mac.
gimp  software  knowledge  ux  shortcut  setup 
april 2019
Monotype launches the first redesign in 35 years of the world's most ubiquitous font, Helvetica | Creative Boom
2019-04-09, by Andy Mallalieu,

"Monotype has today introduced the Helvetica​​ Now typeface, a new family of fonts that have been carefully and respectfully re-drawn for the modern era.

Consisting of 48 fonts and three optical sizes,​ ​the typeface has been produced from size-specific drawings and with size-specific spacing and is the first redesign in 35 years of what many argue is the world's most ubiquitous font, Helvetica.

Every character has been redrawn and refit, and a host of useful alternates have been added to help brands meet modern-day branding challenges. Espousing the simplicity, clarity, timelessness and global appeal of the typeface’s storied tradition, Helvetica Now aims to be more sophisticated and graceful than its predecessors. (...)"
design  typography  helvetica  typeface 
april 2019
How to take a screenshot on your Mac - Apple Support
"With macOS Mojave, press Shift-Command (⌘)-5 on your keyboard to see all the controls you need to capture still images and record video of your screen. Use these onscreen controls to select whether to capture the entire screen, capture a window, capture a selected portion, or record a video of the screen. (...)

After you take a screenshot, a thumbnail of the screenshot appears briefly in the lower-right corner of your screen.

* Take no action or swipe the thumbnail to the right and the screenshot is automatically saved. (...)"
macos  screen  capture  picture  software  tools  knowledge 
april 2019
Public Sans
"A strong, neutral, principles-driven, open-source typeface for text or display"

"Public Sans is a fork of the SIL Open Licensed face Libre Franklin. Public Sans has many similarities with its parent, but differs enough in its particulars that its effect is distinct."
pd  typeface  typgraphy  usa  opensource 
april 2019
pgModeler - PostgreSQL Database Modeler
"PostgreSQL Database Modeler, or simply, pgModeler is an open source tool designed to modeling databases that merges classical concepts of entity-relationship diagrams with specific features that only PostgreSQL implements."
postgres  database  modeling  tools  opensource  software 
april 2019
Josef and Anni Albers Foundation
"

In 1971, Josef Albers established a not-for-profit organization to further "the revelation and evocation of vision through art." Today, this organization—The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation—is devoted to preserving and promoting the enduring achievements of both Josef and Anni Albers, and the aesthetic and philosophical principles by which they lived. It serves as a unique center for the understanding and appreciation of the arts and of all visual experience—with the combined legacies of Josef and Anni Albers at its heart.

The Foundation carries out its mission by working on exhibitions and publications, primarily focused on the art of Josef and Anni Albers; assisting with research; and supporting education. It conserves the Alberses' art and archives, and serves as an information resource for artists, scholars, students, and the general public. It helps sponsor other activities inspired by Josef and Anni Albers's interests and concerns.

The Albers Foundation is located on a beautiful woodland site in Bethany, Connecticut, near New Haven—thanks to funds acquired by Anni Albers for the restitution of family property in the former East Berlin. The Bethany campus includes a central research and archival storage center to accommodate the Foundation's art collections, library and archives, and offices, as well as residence studios for visiting artists. The rural property provides a venue for educational outreach programs.

The buildings were designed by Tim Prentice and his partner Lo-Yi Chan. Tim Prentice, who studied with Josef and is a sculptor as well as an architect, considered the project in part an expression of thanks to one of his mentors; we consider the tribute a splendid success.

The Foundation is open by appointment to interested individuals, scholars, and curators for tours, study, and research."
graphic  design  weaving  art  history  bauhaus 
april 2019
How to Create Memorable Extensions for Your Team
by Patrick Foster,

"A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry to determine what types of numbers are the easiest to remember, in which a group of 500 test subjects participated, concluded that there are four categories of numbers that people find easiest to memorize. In order of memorability, the categories are as follows:

1. Single-digit numbers

2. Teen numbers (10-19)

3. Doubled numbers (e.g., 44, 77, 22)

4. Large tabled numbers (numbers which appear in multiplication tables; e.g., 27, 36, 48, 64)

(...)"
phone  number  psychology  memory 
april 2019
Just How Random Are Two Factor Authentication Codes? | WIRED
2018-04-21, by Robbie Gonzalez,

"(...) It began with an observation: My codes often seem to include elements that make them easier to remember. Elements like single-digit repeats (111 293; 134 441); multi-digit repeats (112 222); palindromes (353 595); ascending or descending sequences (345 564); repeating number order (618 514); and combinations thereof (876 565). Occasionally I'll get lemons, like 031 472 or 253 741, which are less appealing in an (admittedly vague) aesthetic sense and more difficult to remember. But more often than not, the passcodes that appear in my Google Authenticator app seem tailored to reduce the cognitive burden of storing them in my working memory, the short-term storage bin our brains use to stash information for a few precious seconds before forgetting it forever. (...)

As it turns out, there's evidence that subjective qualities like loveliness are correlated with a number's memorability. In the 1990s, Milikowski conducted several studies on what makes numbers more or less easy to remember. In one, she found that, for numbers between one and 100, single digit numbers, teen numbers (12-19), doubled numbers (11, 22, …, 99), and large tabled numbers (numbers that appear in multiplication tables, e.g. 49, 27, 36) made a more indelible impression on test subjects than the remaining, "Other" numbers, like, say, 37.

In another experiment, she had test subjects rate each number between 1 and 100 on a variety of scales, including a good-bad spectrum. The 12 top-rated numbers, in order of goodness, were 10, 100, 36, 8, 24, 66, 16, 4, 1, 88, 21, and 12. The 12 lowest-rated numbers were 37, 93, 41, 51, 39, 17, 13, 59, 29, 43, 53, and 67. Notably, all of the good numbers belonged to a privileged, more memorable category, all the bad numbers to the less memorable Other category. In a follow-up study, Milikowski found that, in a short-term memory task, test subjects were not only more likely to correctly recall all the numbers from the good list than the bad list; they were also far more inclined to misremember numbers from the "bad" list, recalling different Other answers like 63, 19, 83, and 79. (...)"
number  psychology  memory  research 
april 2019
Differences in the semantic integration of tabled and non-tabled numbers? [PDF]
1994-02, by Marisca Milikowski2 & Jan J. Elshout,

"This study examined the relationship between effects found in studies of cognitive arithmetic and differences in the psychological representation of individual numbers. In two association experiments data were collected about all numbers from 1 to 100. Numbers which are part of the multiplication tables were predicted to be better integrated semantically. Semantic integration was measured in both continuous and discrete association settings using university students as experimental subjects. The variables taken to indicate semantic integration were meaningfulness, commonality of prime responses, percentage of omissions, reaction times and semantic content of the prime response. Tabled numbers were indeed found to obtain better scores than non-tabled numbers on each of these variables. At the same time, a change in the wording of the instruction was found to enhance semantic responses, favouring tabled numbers in particular."
number  cognitive  research  memory 
april 2019
Numbers as friends and villains [PDF]
1996, by Marisca Milikowski and Jan J. Elshout,

"When measured on the Semantic Differential, the connotative meanings of numbers fall into three dimensions, Evaluation, Potency and Activity. These same three dimensions have been found by Osgood to underlie the connotative meaning of other verbal concepts. In our experiment, using all numbers 1-100, the Evaluation dimension contrasts even numbers such as 10, 100 and 36, with large prime numbers such as 67, 53 and 43. Predictably, the factor Potency contrasts between larger and smaller numbers. The Activity dimension selects numbers with culturally established affective meanings, such as 13, 7 and 11, contrasting these with large and even numbers such as 80 and 82. When affective meaning is measured by a category production task, asking for favourite and hated numbers, as well as for examples of other subjective categories, the chosen numbers are predominantly small ones. In fact, the competition is virtually limited to numbers under twenty. The numbers 3 and 7 are named most frequently of all. Objective size is the best predictor of affective response frequencies. However, the factor scores on Evaluation and Activity also make a significant contribution."
number  emotion  research 
april 2019
What makes a number easy to remember? [PDF]
1995-11, by Marisca Milikowski & Jan J. Elshout,

"Natural categories (such as birds, furniture or pieces of music) include 'good' and 'poor' exemplars. While there are a number of factors that determine the extent to which an item is a good category member (prototypicality, distinctiveness, frequency of occurrence), a consistent experimental finding is that that 'good' category members are better remembered than 'poor' ones. Can numbers be considered a natural category of this sort, with good and poor members? This study tested memory for number lists, using numbers between 1 and 100 in a list learning task in which both Recall and Recognition tests were given to over 500 subjects.

Stepwise regression on the memorability scores for each number between 1 and 100 indicated that four attributes made a significant contribution to the variance. ANOVA confirmed that these attributes had individually significant effects on memory for numbers. Recognition and Recall gave similar scores under these conditions.

The order of memorability was (1) Single digit numbers, (2) Teen numbers (10-19), (3) Doubled numbers (e.g. 44, 77, 22), (4) Large tabled numbers (numbers which factor and therefore appear in the multiplication tables, such as 49, 36, 60, 84, 27) and (5) Other numbers that do not fall into any of these categories.

While memorability for Single digit numbers was above 80 percent, that for Other numbers (no subcategory) was only around 40 percent."
number  memory  research 
april 2019
'Seven' triumphs in poll to discover world’s favourite number | Alex Bellos | Science | The Guardian
2014-08-04, by Alex Bellos,

"The results of an online survey reveal a world in love with numbers that stand out and feel exceptional"

"(...) A summary of the results are:

* 1,123 individual numbers were nominated from 30,025 submissions.
* Almost half of the submissions were for the numbers between 1 and 10.
* Every number between 1 and 100 was chosen.
* 472 numbers between 1 and 1000 were chosen.
* The lowest whole number that received nul points was 110.

If we had to nominate a "least favourite number" – 110 wins that gong.

In fact, the humiliation of 110 is an example of the most striking pattern in the data, which is that round numbers are rarely chosen as favourite numbers. Numbers ending in 0 are particularly unloved, as are numbers ending in 5 (with the exception of 5 itself).

Why might this be so? I’d argue that because round numbers are often used as approximations, they feel both too common and too vague to inspire an emotional connection. We are sensitive to arithmetical patterns, and respond emotionally to them.
The survey also asked respondents to explain their choices, and the most common reason for having a favourite number was that it was the day on which you were born.
But if you were born on the 10th, or the 20th or the 30th of the month you are a lot less likely to choose 10, 20 or 30 as your favourite number than you are to choose 3, 7 or 13 if you were born on the 3rd, 7th or 13th of the month.

What we want in a favourite number is a "sticky" number – a number that stands out, that feels exceptional.

Seven owes its striking success in my survey – and in global culture since antiquity – to its exceptional arithmetical properties.

If we consider only the numbers between 1 and 10, the basic number grouping, 7 is the only number that cannot be multiplied or divided within the group.

* 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 can be doubled.
* 6, 8 and 10 can be halved.
* 9 divides by 3.
* 7 is left on its own.

We love seven because it is unique. It reflects our uniqueness. Of course it’s the world’s favourite number. (...)"
number  psychology  emotion  guardian 
april 2019
Why odd numbers are dodgy, evens are good, and 7 is everyone's favourite | Science | The Guardian
2014-04-13, by Alex Bellos,

"What's your lucky number? An online survey threw up a hot favourite: people find 7 clever, cheery, divine. And our reactions to numbers shine a fascinating light on how our brains work, especially in the oh-so-superstitious far east."

"Marisca Milikowski of the University of Amsterdam set up an experiment in which participants were shown all the numbers between 1 and 100 and asked to rank each number on a scale between good and bad, and between excitable and calm. Her results showed quite clearly that, in general, even numbers are seen as good, and odd numbers bad. Numbers ending 1, 2 or 3 are generally more excitable than the others, and even numbers are the most calm. (...)

Dan King of the National University of Singapore and Chris Janiszewski of the University of Florida asked participants whether they liked, disliked or felt neutral about every number between 1 and 100, as the numbers appeared in random order on a screen. Data from this experiment showed that even numbers and ones ending in 5 are much better liked than the other odd numbers. (...)

It is interesting that our favourite number is 7, an odd number, when even numbers are more liked and seen as calmer and better than odd numbers. In fact, in my survey, favourite numbers are much more likely to be odd than even, with a ratio of 60/40. Counter-intuitively, our favourite numbers are generally not the ones we like best or rate as good. Like is very different from love.

We can explain the popularity of 7 as a favourite number by looking at a classic psychology experiment. When asked to think of a random number between 1 and 10, most people will think of 7. Our response is determined by arithmetic. The numbers 1 and 10 don't feel random enough, neither does 2, nor the other even numbers, nor 5, which is right in the middle … So we quickly eliminate all the numbers, leaving us with 7, since 7 is the only number that cannot be divided or multiplied within the first 10. Seven "feels" more random. It feels different from the others, more special, because – arithmetically speaking – it is. (...)"
number  emotion  psychology  memory  guardian 
april 2019
Robert Frost's answer to How is chunking memory more efficient than normal memorizing? - Quora
2017-11-01, by Robert Frost,

"(...) Chunking is a tool for getting around the bottleneck of short-term memory. The average person can only manipulate seven pieces of information in short-term memory, at a time.

In 1956, George Miller of Harvard published a paper, in Psychological Review, titled The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information. Miller’s paper resulted from a series of cognitive load experiments he and others conducted. Miller determined that people could handle between five and nine pieces of information, seven is simply the mean.

However, Miller introduced a term called “chunking”. He determined that people could store more information if they were able to chunk or combine some pieces of information.

For example, let’s look at an American phone number.

(713) 322 - 4754

A modern American phone number is ten digits long. (...) The area code becomes one piece of information, reducing the total sum of pieces of information. The three bits of information 7, 1, and three have become a single concept 713.

(...)

The next three numbers, the prefix, can also become chunked if used a lot. These prefixes often refer to neighborhoods. And, sometimes people can treat the last four digits as two numbers. So, our ten digit number has the potential to become four pieces of information. (...)"
phone  number  memory  theory 
april 2019
Found: fossil 'mother lode' created by asteroid that wiped out dinosaurs | Science | The Guardian
2019-04-01, by Agence France Presse,

"(...) In a paper to be published on Monday, a team of paleontologists at the University of Kansas say they found a “mother lode of exquisitely preserved animal and fish fossils” in what is now North Dakota. (...)

At the fossil site – called Tanis in North Dakota’s Hell Creek Formation – the surge left “a tangled mass of freshwater fish, terrestrial vertebrates, trees, branches, logs, marine ammonites and other marine creatures”, according to Robert DePalma, the report’s lead author. (...)

“The sedimentation happened so quickly everything is preserved in three dimensions – they’re not crushed,” said co-author David Burnham. “It’s like an avalanche that collapses almost like a liquid, then sets like concrete. They were killed pretty suddenly because of the violence of that water. We have one fish that hit a tree and was broken in half.”

The fossils at Tanis include what were believed to be several newly identified fish species, and others that were “the best examples of their kind”, said DePalma, curator of the Palm Beach Museum of Natural History in Florida.

“We look at moment-by-moment records of one of the most notable impact events in Earth’s history. No other site has a record quite like that,” he said. (...)"
dinosaur  earth  history  fossil  asteroid 
april 2019
Mind games: what magic reveals about how our brains work | Life and style | The Guardian
2019-03-30, by Gustav Kuhn,

"The art of magic offers a fascinating insight into the psychology of reality and perception"

"(...) Magicians are not concerned with understanding the anatomy of the brain, but their experience in tricking people has helped them identify profound errors in cognition. Indeed, most magic tricks rely on exploiting surprising and powerful cognitive errors, and magicians have informally learned to understand psychological principles that push our cognitive processes to breaking point. By understanding these conjuring techniques and their underlying cognitive mechanisms, we can then gain valuable knowledge of how the mind works.

Since my early scientific studies on misdirection, there has been an explosion of interest in studying magic scientifically, and the science of magic has now become a field in its own right. Magicians and scientists have started to collaborate and are investigating cognitive processes that underpin magic to explore a wide range of psychological phenomena.

Much of our work on misdirection reveals that the gaps in our conscious experience are bigger than most of us had assumed. As you look at your surroundings, you experience the world as a rich and complete sensory experience. However, our research on misdirection illustrates that this conscious experience is a powerful illusion. Our true perception is full of gaps and holes, and much more removed from reality than most of us imagine. I spend much of my time studying these types of illusions, and even though I know my brain is being tricked, I still struggle to appreciate just how little I am truly conscious of. It’s a very compelling illusion and one that is very difficult to break. (...)"

"Experiencing the Impossible: The Science of Magic by Gustav Kuhn is published by MIT Press at £20. Buy a copy for £17.60 at guardianbookshop.com"
magic  psychology  cognitive  science  research  book 
march 2019
Thesaurus and Word Tools | WordHippo
"WordHippo is an online website and application providing a range of tools related to the use of words for creative and recreational purposes such as writing, poetry, translations, word games, etc."

" WordHippo was first launched in 2008 to provide users with a simple website for looking up similar and opposite words. Since then, we have expanded our range of available tools to include:

* Rhyming words
* Example sentences
* Translations
* Definitions
* Word forms
* Word game helpers"
dictionary  word  search  folder:search 
march 2019
How you can make the gender question on an application form more inclusive - It's Pronounced Metrosexual
2012-06, by Sam Killermann,

"We know that “male or female” has plenty of issues. So what’s the best way? Here are a few options to get you started."

"(...) One of the things you’ll notice as a common thread throughout all of the questions is the prompt, “I identify my…” I recommend this because it begins the action as a form of empowerment, instead of other options I’ve seen that often take the power to decide away from the individual answering the question.

Also, consider how you are going to be using the data you’re collecting before you decide how to collect it. If you’re planning on matching people up based on gender (e.g., partners for activities, team relationships), you might ask for the applicants’ to report their gender but also ask them which gender they would feel most comfortable working with. Then you can use their responses to place them in self-described comfortable partnerships, or choose to challenge them if you would rather see them working outside of their comfort zone. (...)"
gender  ux  form  human  psychology 
march 2019
Female journalists quit in protest at Vatican 'climate of distrust' | World news | The Guardian
2019-03-26, by Angela Giuffrida,

"The founder and all-female editorial team of the Vatican’s women’s magazine have resigned over what they say was a campaign to discredit them following the publication of an article that lifted the lid on the widespread abuse of nuns.

Lucetta Scaraffia, the founder of the monthly glossy Women Church World, said she had written a letter to Pope Francis in which she explained that the team was “throwing in the towel” because they felt “surrounded by a climate of distrust and progressive de-legitimisation”. The resignation letter will also be published in the April edition of the magazine. (...)

An article written by Scaraffia in February had highlighted cases of nuns being raped or abused by priests and bishops, or being forced to have an abortion or leave the church if they fell pregnant as a result.

Pope Francis acknowledged the issue for the first time a few days after the article was published. (...)

The abuse of nuns has been widely known for years, but much like clerical abuse against children, the Holy See – the Catholic Church’s governing body – has been silent and failed to take concrete action against accused priests. (...)"
church  women  sex  slavery  journalism  freedom  human  rights 
march 2019
Your Phone, Your Call - Part I - Eliminating Robocalls - Twilio
2019-03-18, by Jeff Lawson,

"When we started Twilio in 2008, I was a software developer who knew nothing about telephony. We realized that software developers like ourselves needed to build communications into apps -- so we started down the path of figuring out how to make a phone ring."

"(...) That original network, designed in the first half of the 20th century, was built and operated by one company. Any actor on the network was automatically and fundamentally trusted. That meant that little security was built into the network itself.

But with all the breakups and competitive tides the network became more open. However, the underlying protocols – and trust – were fundamentally based on a 100-year-old model. There was no way to anticipate the technological advances that would dramatically change everything about telecommunications in the coming decades.

Roll ahead to 2019: if you have the right access, hardware and/or software -- you can initiate a call on the network, from any phone number, to any phone number in a (pretty much) untraceable way.

Vrrrrrrp? Record screech. What?!? That's right… anybody can impersonate anybody else on the phone network to make a phone call. (Yeah, I was surprised to learn that too.) (...)


(...) We believe the next step is to put you back in control of your phone, where the communications industry provides the tools for you to receive only wanted communications from trusted parties. You’ll see a cryptographically signed caller-id asserting the company or person who's initiating a call to you is who they claim to be. In addition, ideally, your phone will only ring if a caller's reputation is up to par. To achieve this vision, illegal spoofing needs to be eliminated and a strong notion of identity needs to be established. (...)

(...) Some very smart people have been working on new ways of cryptographically signing calls – a digital signature – proving ownership of a phone number before the call is initiated. One example of this is a new protocol called STIR/SHAKEN, which the communications ecosystem is working on now. Before any authentication method can be impactful at scale, it needs to be adopted by a broad swath of the ecosystem. Twilio is fully committed to efforts to authenticate calls so the identity of callers can be proven, and it looks like STIR/SHAKEN is a good candidate to do just that. (...)"
usa  phone  history  robot  spam  security 
march 2019
Super worm moon – in pictures | Science | The Guardian
2019-03-21, by Matt Fidler,

"Last night’s rare occurrence of a super worm moon coinciding with the equinox – the name is a nod to the emergence of worms in the soil around the time of the March full moon"
moon  photography  news 
march 2019
The Paris Pneumatic Clock Network
2017-12-12, by Douglas Self,

"In 1877 Carl Albert Mayrhofer set up a pneumatic clock network in Vienna; he was granted US patent 215,381 in May 1879, assigning it to the Austrian engineer Viktor Antoine Popp and his co-worker Resch. In 1879 Popp & Resch demonstrated the system of pneumatic clock synchronisation in the Austro-Hungarian section of the Universal Exposition. The Paris city council granted Popp's Compagnie des Horloges Pneumatiques (CGHP) authorization to install a compressed air network to drive both public and private clocks. It was not a power distribution network but a time distribution network, which synchronised a large number public clocks, in particular those of railway stations, by sending a pulse of air every minute. The pipes ran through the sewers of the city, and the tunnels of the Metro and the RER. (The RER is a commuter rail network serving Paris and its suburbs) Each Popp clock contained a metal bellows which advanced a 60-tooth wheel by one tooth per minute. Operation began in 1880; it is interesting to note that this was a long time after the Paris pneumatic post had opened in 1866. (...)

Before the contract was made between the Paris municipality and his CGHP company, Victor Popp had made some successful demonstrations. By 31 December 1880, 14 public candelabra-clocks and 33 clocks in municipal buildings were in use. In addition, 1475 clocks were in use in various establishments (eg banks, theaters and hotels) of the 11th arrondisemont.

A central transmitting station was set up at 7 rue Sainte-Anne, (in the centre of Paris, intersecting the Avenue de l'Opera)from which issued 10 pipes of 27 mm diameter, from which secondary pipes of 6 mm to 20 mm diameter diverged. The air was at the low pressure of 0.75 bar. The demonstrations were convincing, and after a meeting of the Paris City Council on 19th July 1881, on 12th August the Prefect of the Seine authorised the City to enter into a contract with the CGHP.

The clock system closed in 1927, having become unprofitable. (...)

At its maximum extent the system composed approximately 7800 pneumatic clocks in Paris. (...)"
clock  technology  paris  history 
march 2019
A Line Walks Into a Bar - ScribbleLive
2011-12-05, by Drew Skau,

"(...) Unlike bar charts, line charts have a line connecting individual data points. The line implies continuity, so the horizontal axis is good for continuous data.

These qualities are secondary to the visualization. Primarily, these visualizations represent the numerical values of the data on their vertical axis. So how strong are these secondary qualities? In a 1999 study, Jeff Zacks and Barbara Tversky found that these secondary qualities can have a impact on people. During a survey of participants, they received some rather humorous responses. (...)

"As you get older, you get taller" (...)
"As you get more male, you get taller" (...)

So, when you have the option to choose bars or lines, think carefully. It might make the difference between growing old and changing sex."
data  visualization  psychology  knowledge 
march 2019
Adjust SMB browsing behavior in macOS High Sierra 10.13 and later - Apple Support
"To speed up SMB file browsing, you can prevent macOS from reading .DS_Store files on SMB shares. This makes the Finder use only basic information to immediately display each folder's contents in alphanumeric order. Use this Terminal command:

```
defaults write com.apple.desktopservices DSDontWriteNetworkStores -bool TRUE
```

Then log out of your macOS account and log back in."

Note: this has minimal or no effect in my case (macOS 10.14 connecting to WD MyCloud)
mac  nas  performance 
march 2019
WD Community > Folder Shares not visible via SSH
"How do I access or make the Folder Shares visible when in SSH?"

"They should all be available under the /shares folder from root."
nas  wd  knowledge  unix  ssh 
march 2019
mermaid (GitBook)
"Generation of diagrams and flowcharts from text in a similar manner as markdown.

Ever wanted to simplify documentation and avoid heavy tools like Visio when explaining your code?

This is why mermaid was born, a simple markdown-like script language for generating charts from text via javascript."
markdown  text  diagram  transformation  opensource  tools 
march 2019
Firefox Screenshots
"Screenshots made simple. Capture and download screenshots without leaving Firefox."

"Select the Screenshots icon from the page actions menu in the address bar, and the Screenshots menu will appear on top of your browser window."

"Click and drag to select the area you want to capture. Or just hover and click — Screenshots will select the area for you. Like what you see? Select Save to access your screenshot online or the down arrow button to download it to your computer."

"Use the buttons in the upper right to capture full pages. The Save Visible button will capture the area you can view without scrolling, and Save Full Page will capture everything on the page."

"Take your best shot. Screenshots lets you download your selection or copy it right to your clipboard."
firefox  tools  screen  capture 
march 2019
Color.review - Colors that look and work great for everyone
"We experience contrast differently in different colors. Because of how our eyes work, blue text on a white background will be much more easily read than a yellow. When you are designing for humans, in whatever medium, this is something to always keep in mind. Even more importantly, an estimated 217 million people live with a visual impairment. To help make sure that your work can be used and read by as many people as possible, always keep an eye on the relative contrast between your colors. This makes sure that everyone has a chance to view your content, including those with color blindness. (...)"
color  design  reference  online  tools  usability 
march 2019
/chapter: About-Thunderbird / THUNDERBIRD
"This manual was started by the team at FLOSS Manuals, and evolved during a two-day Book Sprint at Toronto Open Source Week 2010 held at Seneca College in Toronto, Canada. The sprint was a collaborative effort by FLOSS Manuals and Mozilla Messaging.

Scott Nesbitt did the organization for the event with considerable assistance from Chris Tyler (Seneca College), Beth Agnew (Seneca College) and Adam Hyde.

Blake Winton (Thunderbird Hacker at Mozilla Messaging) also attended.

Around 20 writers, including a number of students from Seneca College's Technical Communications program, collaborated in virtual and real space to produce a book in two days! In addition to original content, material was reused from the excellent Thunderbird Support Knowledge Base."
thunderbird  email  software  documentation  reference  learning  manual 
march 2019
security - How come the machine name shows up in the email header? - Super User
"The client sends its hostname (computername) to the mail server (smtp). The mail server [logs] the public IP where it gets the mail from and, after a reverse lookup, also the complete name.

Your mail provider has to note the external IP in the header but needs not to note your computername. (...)"
email  server  privacy  knowledge 
march 2019
Moving your mail storage location - Thunderbird - MozillaZine Knowledge Base
"1. Set Thunderbird to use offline mode by selecting File -> Offline -> Work Offline. It only takes a minute to change the local directory but working offline eliminates any chance of downloading a new message while you are doing that.

2. Exit Thunderbird. Create a directory in the new location where you would like to store your mail. If you are changing the storage location for more than one account, create a separate directory for each account.

3. Go to your existing profile folder and copy your mail files over to the new location. For each account you want to move find that account's folder in the "Mail" folder (POP3 accounts) or the "ImapMail" folder (IMAP accounts) and copy its entire contents, including all of its subfolders, over to the new location. If you're not sure where an account stores its folders look in "Tools -> Account Settings -> [account name] -> Server Settings -> Local directory.

4. Start Thunderbird and go to "Tools -> Account Settings -> [account name] -> Server Settings". Where it says "Local directory", click on the "Browse..." button to select the folder you created in step 2. Click the "OK" button and verify that the "Local directory" field shows the correct path to the new storage location of your mail.

5. If you have more than one mail account, repeat step 4 for each account whose mail you moved in steps 2-3.

6. Set Thunderbird to use online mode again by selecting File -> Offline -> Work Online. Once you're certain that Thunderbird recognizes the new location of your mail, you can go back and delete the old mail files from your profile folder."
thunderbird  email  config  knowledge 
march 2019
Custom Voice by VocaliD - Your Voice AI Company
"It began at an assistive technology conference — Dr. Rupal Patel walked into an exhibit hall and witnessed a little girl and a grown man having a conversation using their devices, different devices… but the same voice. She looked around and was astonished to see this happening all around her — literally hundreds of individuals using just a handful of the same generic voices. Voices that didn’t fit their bodies or their personalities.

We wouldn’t dream of fitting a little girl with the prosthetic limb of a grown man, why then was it okay to give her the same prosthetic voice as a grown man?

Dr. Patel was struck by this lack of individuality and knew she could create a solution that would give every individual a unique voice, regardless of their vocal ability. So, with some funding from the National Science Foundation, VocaliD was born.

From there, we set out to create custom crafted voices that captured unique vocal identities and give people the ability to sound like themselves. Individuals living with speechlessness are now being heard in their own unique VocaliD voice. Together, we can uplift others with the power of our collective voice. Click here to learn more about our assistive technology solutions."
human  voice  recording  synthesis  science  research  healthcare 
march 2019
Fake Phone Numbers - Random Phone Number Generator - Fake Number
"Were you to make up a random US phone number yourself, there is a high chance of your number ending up being valid. However, with Fake Number's ethical service, you can have full confidence that all generated US telephone numbers are indeed 100% non-working. If you're still not convinced about how we can help, you should read up on the makers of 2003 film 'Bruce Almighty' using 776-2323 as a number to call God, which resulted in nuisance calls across many areas.

Please note that the use of any fake telephone numbers generated by Fake Number does not imply that the resulting US number has been allocated. It should also be remembered that whilst these random phone numbers will not be assigned for use by telephony companies in the foreseeable future, there is no guarantee that this situation will remain unchanged forever. Ultimately, ensuring that there is sufficient numbering capacity available to meet future requirements for 'real' US telephony purposes is likely to be of greater priority."
usa  test  phone 
march 2019
Sleep helps to repair damaged DNA in neurons, scientists find | Science | The Guardian
2019-03-05, by Ian Sample,

"(...) For an act so universal, sleep has enormous benefits. Found in organisms from flies to worms and jellyfish, it restores the body and helps learning and memory. But despite extensive research, the purpose of sleep is still mysterious. (...)

Appelbaum said that chromosomes are constantly changing shape to allow the cells’ natural repair mechanisms to mend DNA damage at different points. When awake, the repair work cannot keep up with the rate at which damage builds up, but in the calm hours of sleep, the repair mechanisms have a chance to get on top of the job.

“It’s surprising, because the brain goes into a rest state, but the chromosomes move about twice as much during sleep,” Appelbaum said. “There is repair going on in the day, but sleep allows you to catch up.”

The process is akin to local councils patching up potholes at night when the traffic has eased. (...)

The work follows a January study by Siu-Wai Choi at Hong Kong University who used blood samples to show that sleep deprivation led to more DNA damage in doctors. She said Appelbaum’s work revealed how DNA breakages accumulate in waking hours and decrease during sleep, only to build up again the next day.

“It is clear from this study that chromosome dynamics during sleep has an essential role to play in repairing damaged DNA,” she said. “Though these results were obtained in an animal model, together with other studies conducted in humans, it does give us food for thought with regard to our lifestyle choices, shift working patterns and long-term health.”"
science  news  sleep  dna  mind  health  research  memory 
march 2019
Entity component system - Wikipedia
"Entity–component–system (ECS) is an architectural pattern that is mostly used in game development. ECS follows the composition over inheritance principle that allows greater flexibility in defining entities where every object in a game's scene is an entity (e.g. enemies, bullets, vehicles, etc.). Every entity consists of one or more components which add behavior or functionality. Therefore, the behavior of an entity can be changed at runtime by adding or removing components. This eliminates the ambiguity problems of deep and wide inheritance hierarchies that are difficult to understand, maintain and extend. Common ECS approaches are highly compatible and often combined with data-oriented design techniques. (...)"
software  architecture  design  patterns  game  programming 
march 2019
The Gendered Brain by Gina Rippon review – demolition of a sexist myth | Books | The Guardian
2019-03-05, by Rachel Cooke,

"(...) Professor Rippon is a researcher in the field of cognitive neuroscience at the Aston Brain Centre at Aston University, Birmingham, and an advocate for initiatives to mitigate the under-representation of women in Stem subjects. In The Gendered Brain, she shows how we first arrived at the conviction that the female brain is “different” (and thus inferior), how this misperception persists into the 21st century, and how the latest breakthroughs in neuroscience can, and should, dispel such fallacies for ever. It is a highly accessible book. It’s also an important one. Quite apart from how interesting the science contained within it is, it has the power – if only people would read it – to do vastly more for gender equality than any number of feminist “manifestos”.

Our determination to look for differences between male and female brains may be traced to the 18th century: another way of proving that female biology was essentially deficient and fragile. In the 19th century, doctors and scientists developed a mania for measuring and weighing brains, tasks they performed by various means, including the pouring of bird seed into empty skulls (the amount required to fill it was then weighed). When this approach proved inconclusive, declarations of inferiority gave way to an insistence that the differences between men and women were “complementary”; that women, though they might not be suited to education or politics, had “compensating gifts” in the form of intuition.

What is fascinating is that even after the development of new brain‑imaging technologies at the end of the 20th century – technologies that, in essence, reveal how similar the brains of men and women are – the idea of the “male” and “female” brain has persisted both in science and the media. (...)"
gender  mind  psychology  research  women  science  stereotype 
march 2019
Owltastic • Web design by Meagan Fisher Couldwell
"Hello! I’m Meagan Fisher. I create impactful websites for people with good ideas.

As a rare designer-developer hybrid, I am passionate and knowledgeable about both the visual and technical aspects of creating a website. My mission is to help bring more beauty, creativity, and good ideas into the world through web design."
web  design  creative  portfolio 
march 2019
[FR] Mon travail ne sert à rien | ARTE Radio
2019-01-17,

" Un documentaire d’ Aurore Le Bihan

Aurore conçoit des publicités sur le web pour des banques ou des marques de luxe. Au début, les paillettes du CDI et des tickets restos lui suffisent. Mais très vite, elle se demande pourquoi, après avoir dépensé 30 000 euros dans une école de commerce avec l'espoir d'une bonne carrière , elle se pose autant de questions sur le sens de son travail. Et puis, un jour, elle découvre l'existence du "bullshit job" ou "job à la con". Un bullshit job, pour Jean-Laurent Cassely, journaliste et auteur du livre "La révolte des premiers de la classe", c'est un métier qu'on ne peut pas expliquer à sa grand-mère. Chef de projet, community manager, responsable marketing... Tous ces nouveaux boulots, valorisés socialement, mais dont l'impact sur la société est nul ou négatif. Et donnent à ceux qui les occupent un fort sentiment d'inutilité. Elle enquête sur ce phénomène et rencontre celles et ceux qui pensent être plus utiles à boire des cafés au bar du coin plutôt que de passer leur journée à "bullshiter"."
work  life  psychology 
march 2019
Spain logs hundreds of shipwrecks that tell story of maritime past | World news | The Guardian
2019-03-01, by Sam Jones,

"Weather rather than pirates caused majority of sinkings, says culture ministry team"

"(...) Led by an archaeologist, Carlos León, the team has logged 681 shipwrecks off Cuba, Panama, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Bermuda, the Bahamas and the US Atlantic coast.

Its inventory runs from the sinking of the Santa María to July 1898, when the Spanish destroyer Plutón was hit by a US boat off Cuba, heralding the end of the Spanish-American war and the twilight of Spain’s imperial age.

After spending five years scouring archives in Seville and Madrid, León, his fellow archaeologist Beatriz Domingo and the naval historian Genoveva Enríquez have put together a list aimed at safeguarding the future and shedding light on the past. (...)

The team’s research will thrill historians and cartographers, but is unlikely to delight those who harbour romantic notions about doubloons, parrots and Jolly Rogers.

It found that 91.2% of ships were sunk by severe weather – mainly tropical storms and hurricanes – 4.3% ran on to reefs or had other navigational problems, and 1.4% were lost to naval engagements with British, Dutch or US ships. A mere 0.8% were sunk in pirate attacks. (...)"
pirate  ship  spain  caribbean  history 
march 2019
Twilio: Receiving SIP to Region - Stack Overflow
"I am trying to receive SIP calls to the ie1 region (...)
However (...)
> The region parameter is not supported when calling SIP registered endpoints, the parameter will be ignored if present. SIP-out traffic will always be sent from the Twilio region the SIP endpoint registered with.

Since we can only register SIP enpoints in us1 region, does this mean that this entire section is redundant? Are we unable to send SIP traffic via specific regions?"

"Twilio developer evangelist here.

SIP Registration is currently only supported in our US1 datacentre so that final line in the documentation about the region is accurate.

The region parameter here is useful if you are sending SIP to your own infrastructure that is hosted nearer to one of these regions, or if you are using Twilio SIP trunking in a different region."
twilio  voip  sip  setup 
february 2019
TwiML™ Voice: <Sip> - Twilio
"Set a parameter on your SIP URI to specify what transport protocol you want to use. Currently, this is limited to UDP, TCP and TLS. By default, Twilio sends your SIP INVITE over UDP. (...)"
twilio  voip  sip  setup  security 
february 2019
Making SIP Calls - Twilio
"NOTE: Twilio does not support SRTP on SIP Interface. SRTP is supported on Elastic SIP Trunking."
twilio  voip  sip  security 
february 2019
Use SIP with Twilio Voice - Twilio - SIP Connection - Technical Specifications
"The following section summarizes the SIP capabilities offered by Twilio."
twilio  voip  sip  setup 
february 2019
Sending SIP to Twilio - Twilio
"Twilio’s Programmable Voice SIP product enables you to use your existing SIP communications infrastructure (e.g. IP-PBX, SBC, etc) to initiate SIP sessions with Twilio and use TwiML and/or the REST APIs to create advanced voice applications. Twilio sits in the middle, enabling calls to be routed to your SIP communications infrastructure, PSTN, or to browsers and mobile apps. There are a few short steps to configure Twilio to interoperate with your infrastructure so you can start building and testing your voice app. (...)"
twilio  voip  sip  setup 
february 2019
Receiving SIP from Twilio - Twilio
"Twilio’s Programmable Voice SIP product enables your advanced voice applications to initiate SIP sessions from the Twilio cloud towards your existing SIP communications infrastructure using TwiML and/or the REST APIs. (...)"
twilio  voip  sip  setup 
february 2019
VoIP Overview
by Vladimír Toncar,

"The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP for short) is a Voice over IP protocol designed by the Internet Engineering Task Force. SIP was created by the MMUSIC group of the IETF (MMUSIC stands for Multi-party Multimedia Session Control). Formally, the protocol is intended for creating, modifying and terminating sessions with one or more participants. The sessions are mainly VoIP telephone calls or conferences. (...)"
voip  sip  learning  reference 
february 2019
Scientists stunned by discovery of 'semi-identical' twins | Science | The Guardian
2019-02-27, by Nicola Davis,

"Boy and girl, now four, are only the second case of ‘sesquizygotic’ twins recorded"

"“It is incredibly rare so we don’t think it is something people should be routinely tested for or worried about,” said Gabbett. But, he added, it challenges conventional thinking. “We traditionally categorise twins as either identical or non-identical, and this is a third type of twinning characterisation,” he said."

"(...) The situation is believed to arise when two sperm cells fertilise a single egg. In the latest case, one sperm carried an X chromosome among its genetic material, and the other carried a Y chromosome.

After fertilisation the chromosomes from the two sperm cells and the single egg got bundled into three “genetic packages”: one contained chromosomes from both sperm – meaning it contained two sets of genetic material from the father, but none from the mother. The other two packages each contained the same set of chromosomes from the mother, as well as genetic material from one of the two sperm, giving rise to either XX (female) or XY (male) cells.

As the fertilised egg divided and the ball of cells grew, those containing only chromosomes from the two sperm died. However, those containing chromosomes from both the egg and a sperm cell continued to divide.

“Then what happens is that little ball of cells splits into two, and that is why you have twins,” said Gabbett, adding that these offspring have a greater genetic similarity than fraternal twins, but are not identical.

But the situation is not that straightforward: some of both embryos’ cells contained two X chromosomes, while other cells contained an X and a Y chromosome.

Gabbett added since one twin was a boy and the other a girl, the ratio of each of these types of cell differed: one embryo contained a greater number of XY cells, so developed male, while the other had a high proportion of XX cells and developed female.

The only previously reported case of sesquizygotic twins came from the US in 2007, discovered after one of the children was born with ambiguous genitalia. (...)"
birth  gender  twin  science  genetics 
february 2019
Research and interactive data visualizations to understand the world’s largest problems.
"(...) Our World in Data is a non-profit website that brings together the data and research on the powerful, long-run trends reshaping our world: Through interactive data visualizations we show how the world has changed; by summarizing the scientific literature we explain why. (...)"

"Authored by

Max Roser – Founder and editor
Esteban Ortiz-Ospina – Social science
Hannah Ritchie – Environmental science
Joe Hasell – Social science
Jaiden Mispy – Lead developer
Daniel Gavrilov – Web developer

Based at the University of Oxford"
map  data  opensource  research  visualization  stats  world  health  education 
february 2019
The Snow Moon - in pictures | Science | The Guardian
2019-02-20,

"The February Snow Moon is the biggest and brightest super-moon of the year, lighting up the night skies across the planet giving stargazers a celestial treat. It appears brighter and bigger than other full moons because it is close to its perigee, the closest point in its orbit to Earth."
moon  photography  news 
february 2019
How can I disable searching and domain guessing from the Firefox Address Bar, while keeping other features?
"Go to about:config and set the following preferences to false:

browser.fixup.alternate.enabled
(...)

keyword.enabled
(...)"
firefox  url  config 
february 2019
Lunar eclipse 2019: super blood wolf moon – in pictures | World news | The Guardian
"Thousands of stargazers have battled sub-freezing temperatures to catch a glimpse of a lunar extravaganza known as a super blood wolf moon.

The rare celestial event takes places when the moon is positioned slightly closer to the Earth than normal, and appears slightly bigger and brighter than normal – a phenomenon called a super moon. During the total eclipse, the moon was expected to give off a coppery red glow on the lunar surface as it slips into Earth’s shadow, known as a blood moon.

Since it appears in January, when wolves used to howl in hunger outside villages, it earned the name wolf moon, according to The Farmers Almanac.

The entire eclipse was visible from Britain, North and South America, and western and northern Europe. (...)"
moon  photography  eclipse  astronomy 
january 2019
The Scrum Framework by Scrum Inc.
Interactive tour of Scrum which introduces the actors, steps and concepts, as well as some of the key challenges of the Scrum process.
scrum  workflow  reference  diagram 
january 2019
Scrum Inc Home - Scrum Inc
"The basics of Scrum are easy, implementing them is hard. We offer in-person, online, and on-demand Scrum courses for people at every level of Agile experience (...)"
agile  project  management  reference 
january 2019
Manifesto for Agile Software Development
"On February 11-13, 2001, at The Lodge at Snowbird ski resort in the Wasatch mountains of Utah, seventeen people met to talk, ski, relax, and try to find common ground—and of course, to eat. What emerged was the Agile ‘Software Development’ Manifesto. Representatives from Extreme Programming, SCRUM, DSDM, Adaptive Software Development, Crystal, Feature-Driven Development, Pragmatic Programming, and others sympathetic to the need for an alternative to documentation driven, heavyweight software development processes convened.

Now, a bigger gathering of organizational anarchists would be hard to find, so what emerged from this meeting was symbolic—a Manifesto for Agile Software Development—signed by all participants. The only concern with the term agile came from Martin Fowler (a Brit for those who don’t know him) who allowed that most Americans didn’t know how to pronounce the word ‘agile’.

Alistair Cockburn’s initial concerns reflected the early thoughts of many participants. "I personally didn't expect that this particular group of agilites to ever agree on anything substantive." But his post-meeting feelings were also shared, "Speaking for myself, I am delighted by the final phrasing [of the Manifesto]. I was surprised that the others appeared equally delighted by the final phrasing. So we did agree on something substantive." (...)

The Agile movement is not anti-methodology, in fact, many of us want to restore credibility to the word methodology. We want to restore a balance. We embrace modeling, but not in order to file some diagram in a dusty corporate repository. We embrace documentation, but not hundreds of pages of never-maintained and rarely-used tomes. We plan, but recognize the limits of planning in a turbulent environment. (...)

The meeting at Snowbird was incubated at an earlier get together of Extreme Programming proponents, and a few "outsiders," organized by Kent Beck at the Rogue River Lodge in Oregon in the spring of 2000. At the Rogue River meeting attendees voiced support for a variety of "Light" methodologies, but nothing formal occurred. During 2000 a number of articles were written that referenced the category of "Light" or "Lightweight" processes. A number these articles referred to "Light methodologies, such as Extreme Programming, Adaptive Software Development, Crystal, and SCRUM". In conversations, no one really liked the moniker "Light", but it seemed to stick for the time being. (...)

We hope that our work together as the Agile Alliance helps others in our profession to think about software development, methodologies, and organizations, in new– more agile – ways. If so, we’ve accomplished our goals. (...)"
agile  project  management  reference  manifesto 
january 2019
Programmable Voice - SIP Registration - Twilio
"SIP offers a discovery capability. If a user wants to make a phone call to another user, then SIP must discover the IP address at which the destination user is reachable. SIP Registration is the process in which a SIP Endpoint sends a SIP REGISTER request to the registrar. (...)"
twilio  sip  voip  setup 
december 2018
Online Classes by Skillshare | Start for Free Today
"Skillshare is an online learning community with thousands of classes in design, business, tech, and more. Anyone can join the millions of members in our community to learn cutting-edge skills, network with peers and discover new opportunities."

"Go Premium (...) Your membership funds the royalty pool that pays teachers every month."
mooc  online  learning  video 
december 2018
[fr] Page d' accueil du musée du Vivarais Protestant de Pranles
"Niché au creux d'une superbe forêt de châtaigniers, au coeur du Parc Naturel Régional des Monts d'Ardèche. Le musée est implanté dans une belle maison forte du XVe siècle classée Monument Historique."

"Cette maison forte du 15ème siècle est la maison de famille d’Étienne Durand. Les murs de cette maison sont les témoins d'événements dramatiques. Ils abritent une famille de Résistants protestants, revendiquant la liberté de conscience face aux interdits royaux au 18ème siècle.

A son retour de la Tour de Constance, Marie Durand doit s'endetter pour réparer sa maison qui a subi des pillages de toutes sortes. A sa mort, le bien est vendu. En 1931, la maison est léguée à la Société d'histoire du Protestantisme Français qui en est propriétaire, elle est actuellement gérée par une association."

"La famille Durand est au centre du protestantisme au 18ème siècle. Elle est connu[e] surtout par deux de ses représentants, Pierre l'un des Pasteurs de la restauration des Églises, qui mourut martyr à Montpellier, et sa sœur Marie, la célèbre prisonnière de la tour de Constance.

La résistance opiniâtre de Marie Durand et de tous ceux qui ont lutté pour obtenir la liberté de conscience, dépasse de beaucoup le protestantisme : C'est la marche non violente vers la liberté religieuse, plus largement la liberté d'opinion, le respect des différences et au-delà, le chemin vers la laïcité chèrement acquise."
protestant  religion  history  museum  france 
december 2018
Photo Printing | Art Printing | Professional Photographic Printing
"A professional art print is made using the very best high definition equipment and finest materials, all overseen by master printers. When you order a professional print, you can instantly see the difference."

"Everything under one roof

Pro-lab printers, the largest selection of pro-grade fine art papers and hundreds of framing and mounting options to make your work look the best it possibly can."

"Over 20,000 artists and pro photographers think we’re the business. But don't take our word for it...
With a score of 9.7 out of 10 from over 2,400 customer reviews, theprintspace is the UK’s best of category Photo Printing Business, as ranked by our customer TrustScore."
art  print  photography  service  uk 
november 2018
Linphone open-source voip software - video sip phone, voip phone
"Linphone is an open source SIP Phone, available on mobile and desktop environments (iOS, Android, GNU/Linux, MAC OSX, Windows Desktop, Windows 10 UWP)."

"Most of VoIP operators provide attractive prices to place VoIP to PSTN (= classical telephony) calls, through their proxies and gateways. You could then call anybody in the world from your favourite Linphone client, by simply entering his/her international phone number. The SIP username here becomes a phone number."
opensource  voip  sip  phone  software 
november 2018
Margaret Hamilton, Lead Software Engineer of the Apollo Project, Stands Next to Her Code That Took Us to the Moon (1969) | Open Culture
2017-08-30, by Josh Jones,

"(...) Hamilton was indeed a mother in her twenties with a degree in mathematics, working as a programmer at MIT and supporting her husband through Harvard Law, after which she planned to go to graduate school. “But the Apollo space program came along” and contracted with NASA to fulfill John F. Kennedy’s famous promise made that same year to land on the moon before the decade’s end—and before the Soviets did. NASA accomplished that goal thanks to Hamilton and her team.

Like many women crucial to the U.S. space program (many doubly marginalized by race and gender), Hamilton might have been lost to public consciousness were it not for a popular rediscovery. “In recent years,” notes Weinstock, "a striking photo of Hamilton and her team’s Apollo code has made the rounds on social media.” You can see that photo at the top of the post, taken in 1969 by a photographer for the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory. Used to promote the lab’s work on Apollo, the original caption read, in part, “Here, Margaret is shown standing beside listings of the software developed by her and the team she was in charge of, the LM [lunar module] and CM [command module] on-board flight software team.” (...)"
computer  science  history  women  gender 
november 2018
MDN Web Docs
Mozilla Developer Network web docs:
"Resources for developers, by developers."
web  development  reference  mozilla  javascript  css  html  api  folder:search 
november 2018
Solocal | The app for solo female travel
"Why many women love travelling solo? It’s because of the freedom it brings and the spontaneous connections and experiences along the way.

We are a startup building this female exclusive app to make your trips even better, by bringing more freedom and richer experiences along the way.

Our iOS App is now launched in London. Please download, share and give us feedback to help us serve your better."
travel  application  women 
november 2018
Collins French Dictionary | Translations, Definitions and Pronunciations
"English to French Dictionary"

"For students and professionals using French and English with more than 230,000 translations"
english  french  dictionary  reference  folder:search 
november 2018
[fr] L'École en Mieux | LiveMentor
"LiveMentor est une école sur Internet pour les entrepreneurs, freelances et indépendants.

Nous avons formé en ligne plus de 100 000 élèves l’année dernière avec toujours le même objectif : les aider à réaliser leur projet.

Au menu, différentes formations en ligne gratuites et très interactives comme :

* Comment se faire connaître sur Internet
* Comment réussir en freelance
* Comment créer son site internet en 3 semaines
* Facebook : de A à Z
(...)"
startup  freelance  online  school  france 
november 2018
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